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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513054/is-there-a-common-motor-dysregulation-in-sleepwalking-and-rem-sleep-behaviour-disorder
#1
Mehdi Haridi, Sebastian Weyn Banningh, Marion Clé, Smaranda Leu-Semenescu, Marie Vidailhet, Isabelle Arnulf
This study sought to determine if there is any overlap between the two major non-rapid eye movement and rapid eye movement parasomnias, i.e. sleepwalking/sleep terrors and rapid eye movement sleep behaviour disorder. We assessed adult patients with sleepwalking/sleep terrors using rapid eye movement sleep behaviour disorder screening questionnaires and determined if they had enhanced muscle tone during rapid eye movement sleep. Conversely, we assessed rapid eye movement sleep behaviour disorder patients using the Paris Arousal Disorders Severity Scale and determined if they had more N3 awakenings...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Sleep Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28459348/symptom-characteristics-and-medical-history-of-an-online-sample-of-women-who-experience-symptoms-of-persistent-genital-arousal
#2
Robyn Jackowich, Leah Pink, Allan Gordon, Évéline Poirier, Caroline F Pukall
Persistent genital arousal disorder (PGAD; Leiblum & Nathan; 2001) is characterized by distressing symptoms suggestive of genital arousal in the absence of subjective feelings of arousal. Although awareness of PGAD is growing, there continues to be a lack of systematic research on it. This study characterized an online sample of women with symptoms of persistent genital arousal (PGA) in terms of their symptom characteristics, medical comorbidities, triggers and management strategies, and predictors of distress...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Sex & Marital Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28455899/persistent-genital-arousal-disorder-a-case-report
#3
Monika Hrynko, Roman Kotas, Anna Pokryszko-Dragan, Marta Nowakowska-Kotas, Ryszard Podemski
The persistent genital arousal disorder (PGAD) may coexist with restless legs syndrome and overactive bladder syndrome and share some similarities with these conditions. Thus, the new term: restless genital syndrome (RGS) is proposed. The purpose of this paper is to present a case of PGAD, including the description of the etiology, the diagnostics and the treatment of the disorder. The described patient meets the criteria for PGAD. Organic lesions within nervous and urogenital system were excluded and the psychogenic background of the syndrome was assumed in this case...
February 26, 2017: Psychiatria Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28381915/flibanserin-addyi-the-first-fda-approved-treatment-for-female-sexual-interest-arousal-disorder-in-premenopausal-women
#4
Clayton English, Anne Muhleisen, Jose A Rey
Flibanserin (Addyi) for female sexual interest/arousal disorder in premenopausal women.
April 2017: P & T: a Peer-reviewed Journal for Formulary Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28364495/sexsomnia-a-specialized-non-rem-parasomnia
#5
Anne-Laure Dubessy, Smaranda Leu-Semenescu, Valérie Attali, Jean-Baptiste Maranci, Isabelle Arnulf
Introduction: To describe patients with sexsomnia and to contrast their clinical and sleep measures with those of healthy controls and sleepwalkers. Aims and Methods: Subjects referred for sexsomnia and for sleepwalking/night terror were interviewed, completed the Paris Arousal Disorder Severity Scale (PADSS), and were monitored 1-2 nights with video-polysomnography. Results: Seventeen patients (70.6% male, aged 17-76 years) had sexsomnia, with amnestic fondling of the bed partner (n = 11), complete sexual intercourse (n = 8), masturbation (n = 8), and spontaneous orgasm (n = 1)...
February 1, 2017: Sleep
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343552/testosterone-in-women-measurement-and-therapeutic-use
#6
REVIEW
Ann Kathryn Korkidakis, Robert L Reid
Androgens, both in excessive and depleted states, have been implicated in female reproductive health disorders. As such, serum testosterone measurements are frequently ordered by physicians in cases of sexual dysfunction and in women presenting with hirsutism. Commercially available androgen assays have significant limitations in the female population. Furthermore, the measurements themselves are not always informative in patient diagnosis, treatment, or prognosis. This article reviews the limitations of serum androgen measurements in women suspected to have elevated or reduced androgen action...
March 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28262102/persistent-genital-arousal-disorder-fact-or-fiction
#7
James G Pfaus
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Journal of Sexual Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28237271/evidence-based-treatments-for-low-sexual-desire-in-women
#8
REVIEW
Lori A Brotto
Low sexual desire is the most common sexual complaint in women, with multinational studies finding that at least a third of women experience low sexual desire. No single etiology for the development of Female Sexual Interest/Arousal Disorder, the diagnosis laid out by the 5th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, has been established. There has been considerable interest in pharmacological approaches to improving low desire, and agents targeting a range of neurotransmitters have been examined...
April 2017: Frontiers in Neuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914563/differential-effects-of-testosterone-and-estradiol-on-clitoral-function-an-experimental-study-in-rats
#9
Paolo Comeglio, Ilaria Cellai, Sandra Filippi, Chiara Corno, Francesca Corcetto, Annamaria Morelli, Elena Maneschi, Elisa Maseroli, Edoardo Mannucci, Massimiliano Fambrini, Mario Maggi, Linda Vignozzi
INTRODUCTION: Female sexual response is a complex phenomenon in which psychological, neurologic, and vascular mechanisms and hormonal factors interact. During the arousal phase, they cooperate to increase genital blood flow, thus inducing engorgement of the clitoris and lubrication of the vagina. Regulation of vascular and non-vascular smooth muscle tone is the crucial event in the erectile process. Preclinical studies have suggested that nitric oxide (NO) is the main vasodilator neurotransmitter modulating, through the second messenger cyclic guanosine monophosphate (cGMP), clitoral flow vessels...
December 2016: Journal of Sexual Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911086/affective-and-autonomic-responses-to-erotic-images-evidence-of-disgust-based-mechanisms-in-female-sexual-interest-arousal-disorder
#10
Natasha S DePesa, Jeffrey E Cassisi
Disgust has recently been implicated in the development and maintenance of female sexual dysfunction, yet most empirical studies have been conducted with a sexually healthy sample. The current study contributes to the literature by expanding the application of a disgust model of sexual functioning to a clinically relevant sample of women with low sexual desire/arousal and accompanying sexual distress. Young women (mean age = 19.12 years) with psychometrically defined sexual dysfunction (i.e., female sexual interest/arousal disorder [FSIAD] group) and a healthy control group were compared in their affective (i...
December 2, 2016: Journal of Sex Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872021/hypoactive-sexual-desire-disorder-a-review-of-epidemiology-biopsychology-diagnosis-and-treatment
#11
REVIEW
Sharon J Parish, Steven R Hahn
INTRODUCTION: Hypoactive Sexual Desire Disorder (HSDD) is defined in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition, Revised (DSM-IV-TR) as persistent deficient sexual fantasies and desire for sexual activity that causes marked distress or interpersonal difficulty. In the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition (DSM-5), HSDD has been subsumed by Female Sexual Interest/Arousal Disorder. However, decades of research based on DSM-IV-TR HSDD criteria form the foundation of our understanding of the essential symptom of distressing low sexual desire, its epidemiology, clinical management, and treatment...
April 2016: Sexual Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871953/prevalence-of-female-sexual-dysfunction-among-premenopausal-women-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-observational-studies
#12
REVIEW
Megan E McCool, Andrea Zuelke, Melissa A Theurich, Helge Knuettel, Cristian Ricci, Christian Apfelbacher
INTRODUCTION: Epidemiologic research in female sexual dysfunction (FSD) has gained momentum in recent years, particularly in clinical populations and in menopausal women. However, sexual dysfunction also affects premenopausal women in general populations. Previous literature reviews have been unable to quantify the burden of FSD in general populations. This has been due in part to different definitions of dysfunction, heterogeneous study design, and the wide variety of measurement tools used...
July 2016: Sexual Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855738/sexsomnia-a-specialized-non-rem-parasomnia
#13
Anne-Laure Dubessy, Smaranda Leu-Semenescu, Valérie Attali, Jean-Baptiste Maranci, Isabelle Arnulf
OBJECTIVE: To describe patients with sexsomnia and to contrast their clinical and sleep measures with those of healthy controls and sleepwalkers. METHODS: Subjects referred for sexsomnia and for sleepwalking/night terror were interviewed, completed the Paris Arousal Disorder Severity Scale (PADSS) and were monitored one to two nights with video-polysomnography. RESULTS: Seventeen patients (70.6% male, aged 17 to 76 years) had sexsomnia, with amnestic fondling of the bed partner (n=11), complete sexual intercourse (n=8), masturbation (n=8) and spontaneous orgasm (n=1)...
October 28, 2016: Sleep
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843072/toward-a-more-evidence-based-nosology-and-nomenclature-for-female-sexual-dysfunctions-part-ii
#14
Sharon J Parish, Andrew T Goldstein, Sue W Goldstein, Irwin Goldstein, James Pfaus, Anita H Clayton, Annamaria Giraldi, James A Simon, Stanley E Althof, Gloria Bachmann, Barry Komisaruk, Roy Levin, Susan Kellogg Spadt, Sheryl A Kingsberg, Michael A Perelman, Marcel D Waldinger, Beverly Whipple
INTRODUCTION: Current Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition (DSM-5) definitions of sexual dysfunction do not identify all sexual problems experienced clinically by women and are not necessarily applicable for biologic or biopsychosocial management of female sexual dysfunction. A unified nomenclature system enables clinicians, researchers, and regulatory agencies to use the same language and criteria for determining clinical end points, assessing research results, and managing patients...
December 2016: Journal of Sexual Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27832078/prevalence-of-sleepwalking-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#15
Helen M Stallman, Mark Kohler
Sleepwalking is thought to be a common arousal disorder; however, the epidemiology of this disorder has not yet been systematically examined. A systematic search of MEDLINE, CINAHL, EMBASE, PsycINFO, PubMed, and ScienceDirect was conducted for 'sleepwalking' OR 'somnambulism' in any field, to identify studies that reported the epidemiology of sleepwalking or sleepwalking disorders. Fifty-one studies assessed the prevalence rates of sleepwalking in a total sample of 100 490. The meta-analysis showed the estimated lifetime prevalence of sleepwalking was 6...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27712106/a-pilot-study-of-eight-session-mindfulness-based-cognitive-therapy-adapted-for-women-s-sexual-interest-arousal-disorder
#16
Laurel Q P Paterson, Ariel B Handy, Lori A Brotto
While few treatment options exist for low sexual desire and arousal, the most common sexual dysfunction in women, a growing body of research supports the efficacy of mindfulness-based approaches. The mechanisms underlying improvements, and whether they are due to mindfulness practice or other treatment components, are unclear. As a result, we designed and pilot-tested an eight-session group mindfulness-based cognitive therapy for sexuality (MBCT-S) program that includes more extensive practice of mindfulness skills and closely aligns with the evidence-based MBCT program for depression and anxiety...
August 15, 2016: Journal of Sex Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27706954/sexual-functioning-and-quality-of-life-of-hong-kong-chinese-women-with-infertility-problem
#17
Sue Seen-Tsing Lo, Wai-Ming Kok
Infertility is estimated to affect 10-15% of couples in industrialized countries and many of them are under tremendous stress. Stress can lead to poor quality of life and sexual dysfunction in general, but little is known about their prevalence in infertile women. We, therefore, conducted this cross-sectional survey in two primary care subfertility clinics between August 2012 and April 2013. A total of 159 women completed two validated Chinese questionnaires: Female Sexual Function Index and core Fertility Quality of Life...
December 2016: Human Fertility: Journal of the British Fertility Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27676982/sexual-disorders-in-stroke-patients-compared-with-control-subjects-in-benin-a-prospective-study
#18
Herman Azanmasso, Étienne Alagnidé, Joycia G Hounmenou, Didier Niama Natta, Toussaint G Kpadonou
OBJECTIVE: The genito-sexual disorders can be caused by stroke. These disorders often are silent even if they are at the heart of patient concerns. The objective was to study the sexual dysfunction in patients with stroke compared to control subjects. MATERIAL/PATIENTS AND METHODS: We did a prospective descriptive analytical cross-sectional study in the department of functional rehabilitation of National university hospital center of Cotonou CNHU HKM. This study involved 134 subjects including 67 stroke patients dating back at least 6 months and 67 controls matched to cases by age and sex...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27599029/case-reports-of-a-mother-and-daughter-diagnosed-with-persistent-genital-arousal-disorder
#19
Ejder Akgun Yildirim, Munevver Hacioglu Yıldırım, Ilker Kucukparlak, Irmak Bircan, Funda Cicek, Altan Essizoglu, Cagatay Karsidag, Murat Erkiran
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 6, 2016: Journal of Sex & Marital Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27570347/persistent-genital-arousal-disorder
#20
Manju Aswath, Lakshmi V Pandit, Karthik Kashyap, Raguram Ramnath
Persistent genital arousal disorder (PGAD) is a phenomenon, in which afflicted women experience spontaneous genital arousal, unresolved by orgasms and triggered by sexual or nonsexual stimuli, eliciting stress. The current case is a 40-year-old female who experienced such orgasms for about a month. Physical examination, investigations, and psychological testing were noncontributory. Carbamazepine (600 mg) was discontinued due to a lack of response. She improved significantly with supportive therapy. Various neuropsychological conditions, pelvic pathology, medications, etc...
July 2016: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
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