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the review of EXIT procedure

A Le, S Jiang, R Timmerman, H Choy, A Pompos
PURPOSE: To demonstrate the feasibility of using CBCT in a real-time image guided radiation therapy (IGRT) for single fraction heterotopic ossification (HO) in patients after hip replacement. In this real-time procedure, all steps, from simulation, imaging, planning to treatment delivery, are performed at the treatment unit in one appointment time slot. This work promotes real-time treatment to create a paradigm shift in the single fraction radiation therapy. METHODS: An integrated real-time IGRT for HO was developed and tested for radiation treatment of heterotopic ossification for patient after hip replacement...
June 2016: Medical Physics
Kwang-Ho Yang, Tae-Beom Lee, Si-Hak Lee, Soo-Hong Kim, Yong-Hoon Cho, Hae-Young Kim
BACKGROUND: A congenital adhesion band is a rare condition, but may induce a small bowel obstruction (SBO) at any age. However, only a few sporadic case reports exit. We aimed to identify the clinical characteristics of congenital adhesion band manifesting a SBO stratified by age group between pediatric and adult patients. METHODS: The medical records of all patients with a SBO between Jan 1, 2009 and Dec 31, 2015 were retrospectively reviewed. Cases associated with previous surgical procedure and cases of secondary obstruction due to inflammatory processes or tumor and other systemic diseases were excluded...
December 7, 2016: BMC Surgery
Marina Pieri, Anna Mara Scandroglio, Marcus Müller, Panagiotis Pergantis, Alexandra Kretzschmar, Friedrich Kaufmann, Volkmar Falk, Thomas Krabatsch, Georg Arlt, Evgenij Potapov, Marian Kukucka
BACKGROUND AND AIM OF THE STUDY: Driveline infections in patients with implantable left ventricular assist devices (VAD) carry increasing risk for pump infection, thromboembolic events, decreased quality of life, and increased hospitalization. We report our experience with a surgical technique for refractory driveline infections without mediastinitis consisting of translocation and wrapping of the driveline with greater omentum tissue. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed data of VAD patients who underwent surgical treatment by translocation and wrapping with omentum for severe chronic driveline infection...
December 2016: Journal of Cardiac Surgery
S M Johnson, G M Garnett, R K Woo
Maintenance of central venous access in patients with chronic medical conditions such as short bowel syndrome demands forethought and ingenuity. We describe an innovative technique for re-utilizing central venous access sites in patients who have chronic central venous access needs. Records of patients undergoing this technique were reviewed between August 2012 and December 2015. The technique involves "cutting-down" to the sterile fibrous tunnel that naturally forms around tunneled catheters. The fibrous sheath is then isolated and controlled much as would be done for a venous "cut-down...
October 14, 2016: Pediatric Surgery International
Vivek Kumbhari, Irene Peñas, Alan H Tieu, Carlos De la Serna-Higuera, Manie Juneja, Fuad Maufa, Saowanee Ngamruengphong, Mohamad H El-Zein, Nadim Haddad, Sandeep Krishnan, Susana Gonzalez, Peter V Renny, Payal Saxena, Linda Howard, Christopher J DiMaio, Jonathan M Buscaglia, Manuel Perez-Miranda, Mouen A Khashab
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: To facilitate access for interventional EUS, flexible (nitinol) 19-G needles have been introduced to permit needle puncture even when the echoendoscope is in an angulated position, such as in the second part of the duodenum. The aims of the study were to evaluate the performance of a flexible 19-G needle during interventional EUS procedures and compare outcomes when the echoendoscope was in the straight versus angulated position. METHODS: A retrospective review was undertaken of 162 consecutive patients that underwent a variety of interventional EUS procedures with a flexible 19-G needle across five centers...
December 2016: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
Camille Nebeker, Tiffany Lagare, Michelle Takemoto, Brittany Lewars, Katie Crist, Cinnamon S Bloss, Jacqueline Kerr
Researchers utilize mobile imaging, pervasive sensing, social media, and location tracking (MISST) technologies to observe and intervene with participants in their natural environment. The use of MISST methods and tools introduces unique ethical issues due to the type and quantity of data, and produces raising new challenges around informed consent, risk assessment, and data management. Since MISST methods are relatively new in behavioral research, there is little documented evidence to guide institutional review board (IRB) risk assessment and inform appropriate risk management strategies...
December 2016: Translational Behavioral Medicine
Andrzej Ratajczak, Małgorzata Lange-Ratajczak, Adam Bobkiewicz, Adam Studniarek
This report reviews the most common surgical interventions and complications of chronic peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients. Based on the current knowledge as well as our experience we detail the role of these surgical procedures. We supplement the reported knowledge in the field with our own experience in this area. The areas discussed include early complications such as surgical wound hemorrhage, bleeding from the catheter, intestinal perforation and urinary bladder perforation, dialysate leakage through the wound, as well as late complications including catheter kinking or occlusion, retention of fluid in the peritoneal recess, hernias and hydrothorax, and encapsulating peritoneal sclerosis...
January 2017: Seminars in Dialysis
Can Halil, Kırcelli Atilla, Kavadar Gülis, Civelek Erdinç, Cansever Tufan, Aydoseli Aydin, Önal Mehmet Bülent, Yılmaz Cem
AIM: Conjoined nerve roots (CNR) can be damaged during lumbar disc surgery and lead to neuropathic pain due to excessive retraction. The purpose of this study was to investigate the factors that facilitate the identification of CNRs which can lead to the loss of fragments in the secondary axilla, nerve root injury or unpleasant surprises during lumbar disc surgery. Accordingly, we aimed to measure the thicknesses and exit angles of the nerve roots close to the pedicle, to obtain scientific data regarding rare double roots...
December 28, 2015: Turkish Neurosurgery
Mohammed Baba, Johanna Viktoria Leon, Michael Symes, Oscar Dorrestijn, Allan Young, Benjamin Cass
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study is to determine the safety of a one-incision technique for distal biceps repair with modified repair entry point in regards to the distance from the posterior interosseous nerve (PIN). Secondly, we present the clinical results of patients having undergone this procedure. METHODS: Ten cadaveric specimens were dissected to reveal the radial tuberosity. Two 1.6-mm guidewires were inserted into the radial tuberosity, one centrally, and one 5-mm more proximal...
August 3, 2016: ANZ Journal of Surgery
Jackson Wang, Tuan A Nguyen, Andrew I Chin, Jamie L Ross
INTRODUCTION: Exchange procedures involve tunneled dialysis catheter (TDC) removal and exchange over a wire, using the same exit site and venotomy site. Diagnostic imaging or intervention was generally not performed in exchange procedures. Revision procedures involve placement of new TDC using the previous venotomy site and a new tunnel and exit site. The majority of revisions usually include diagnostic imaging and intervention in the central circulation if needed. METHODS: A retrospective single review of 70 patients who underwent 97 TDC replacements from 2010 to early 2012 because of catheter malfunction was evaluated for either infection or malfunction within 30 days of the procedure...
July 12, 2016: Journal of Vascular Access
Adam Braden, Christopher Maani, Christopher Nagy
Ex utero intrapartum treatment (EXIT) procedures are therapeutic interventions for fetuses with life-threatening airway abnormalities and/or other prenatally diagnosed congenital malformations requiring immediate neonatal extracorporeal membrane oxygenation support. Although certain anesthetic goals are common among EXIT procedures, many different approaches to their management have been described in the literature. Herein, we present a novel anesthetic approach to an EXIT procedure for fetal micrognathia and retrognathia...
June 2016: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
Jien-Jiun Chen, Fu-Chun Chiu, Su-Kiat Chua, Chieh-Cheh Yu, Lian-Yu Lin, Chia-Ti Tsai, Ling-Ping Lai, Jiunn-Lee Lin
BACKGROUND: Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common heart rhythm disorder in adults. Currently, use of the circumferential pulmonary vein isolation (CPVI) technique is the cornerstone of ablation therapy for paroxysmal atrial fibrillation. In this report, we described our ablation strategy and outcomes when treating a limited number of AF patients. METHODS: This study enrolled patients with paroxysmal or persistent AF that were resistant to at least one anti-arrhythmia drug...
September 2013: Acta Cardiologica Sinica
Don K Nakayama
The history and physical examination (H&P) on a child with an acute abdomen is an opportunity to build a solid relationship with the child and parents. Building confidence and trust under fraught circumstances requires a genuine affection for children, and sympathy for the anxiety of the parents. Arrival of a surgeon is a signal that the illness is serious and not likely to respond to the usual remedies. The surgeon therefore must have a gentle, unhurried approach. Obtaining the history should be non-directive and allow both parent and child to describe the entire timeline of the illness without interruption...
May 2016: Journal of Surgical Education
Ayman Al-Jazaeri, Mosaed Al-Dekhayel, Nasser Al-Saleh, Abdullah Al-Turki, Mohammed Al-Dhaheri, Saifullah Khan
INTRODUCTION: Insecure gastropexy, gastric mucosa overgrowth, granulation tissue formation, and a nonhealing gastrostomy are unwanted consequences encountered in the current minimally invasive gastrostomy tube (GT) placement techniques. Aiming to overcome these problems we have developed a simplified laparoscopic-assisted GT insertion (LAG) procedure using guided transabdominal U-stitches (GTU) gastropexy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed all LAG cases performed in our institute using the GTU technique...
March 8, 2016: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
Muhammad Awais, Sabato Mellone, Lorenzo Chiari
Recent advances in the MEMS devices make it happen to wirelessly integrate miniature motion capturing devices with Smartphones and to use them in personal health care and physical activity monitoring in daily life. There is no ground truth, though, to measure the physical activity (PA) in daily life and because of this, there is no common validation procedure adapted by the researchers for benchmarking the performance of algorithms for PA classification. The major issue in the existing studies for PA classification is the utilization of structured protocol in a controlled setting or simulated daily environment, which limits their implementation in real life conditions where activities are unplanned and unstructured, both in occurrence and in duration...
2015: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
Tara Garber, Charles G T Ledonio, David W Polly
BACKGROUND: Minimally invasive sacroiliac joint fusion is increasing significantly. Starting January 1, 2015, it has a category I CPT code. The current RVU for this procedure is not equal to the amount of work involved. There is not a published RUC validated survey to establish the work effort of MI SI fusion. Our hospital system has been doing this procedure for 4 years and has been tracking surgeon time through a commercial tracking system (Navicare). Our study looks at time utilization for performance of MI SI joint fusion and a comparator of primary lumbar discectomy (PLD), presumably similar in time and work effort...
2015: International Journal of Spine Surgery
Olof Beck, Anna-Carin Olin, Ekaterina Mirgorodskaya
BACKGROUND: Exhaled breath contains nonvolatile substances that are part of aerosol particles of submicrometer size. These particles are formed and exhaled as a result of normal breathing and contain material from distal airways of the respiratory system. Exhaled breath can be used to monitor biomarkers of both endogenous and exogenous origin and constitutes an attractive specimen for medical investigations. CONTENT: This review summarizes the present status regarding potential biomarkers of nonvolatile compounds in exhaled breath...
January 2016: Clinical Chemistry
Andre Uflacker, Yujie Qiao, Genevieve Easley, James Patrie, Drew Lambert, Eduard E de Lange
PURPOSE: We aimed to evaluate the safety and efficacy of fluoroscopically placed jejunal extension tubes (J-arm) in patients with existing gastrostomy tubes. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective review of 391 J-arm placements performed in 174 patients. Indications for jejunal nutrition were aspiration risk (35%), pancreatitis (17%), gastroparesis (13%), gastric outlet obstruction (12%), and other (23%). Technical success, complications, malfunctions, and patency were assessed...
November 2015: Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology: Official Journal of the Turkish Society of Radiology
Fatma Tuncay Özgünen, Ümran Küçükgöz Güleç, İsmail Cüneyt Evrüke, Süleyman Cansun Demir, Selim Büyükkurt, Hacer Yapıcıoğlu, Serdar İskit
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to assess the ex-utero intrapartum therapy (EXIT) applied to 3 of the 7 cases with oropharyngeal or neck masses and review the indicators of the need for an EXIT procedure. CASE REPORT: Prenatal presentation, size and localization of the masses, existence of fetal hydrops and associated findings such as polyhydramnios, intraoperative managements, complications, and maternal and neonatal outcomes were evaluated through a retrospective analysis...
April 2015: Balkan Medical Journal
Abdullah A Alghamdi
The aim of this report was to review the exiting literature to date to inform clinical decision-making regarding the additional pulmonary blood flow at the time of bidirectional Glenn procedure.
September 2015: Journal of Cardiac Surgery
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