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Mental Status Changes

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781357/cognitive-and-physical-function-of-people-older-than-80-years-in-china-from-1998-to-2014
#1
Xiaoqian Hu, Yuhang Zeng, Xuemei Zhen, Hao Zhang, Yuanyuan Li, Shuyan Gu, Hengjin Dong
Objectives This study was performed to describe the health status of Chinese oldest-old individuals aged ≥80 years from 1998 to 2014 and explore differences in their health status based on demographic characteristics and socioeconomic status. Methods Data were obtained from the seven waves of the Chinese Longitudinal Healthy Longevity Survey. The Mini Mental State Examination, Katz Index of Independence in Activities of Daily Living, and chair stand test were used to examine cognitive and physical function...
January 1, 2018: Journal of International Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775851/comparative-study-of-quality-of-life-anxiety-depression-and-fatigue-among-patients-with-neuromyelitis-optica-spectrum-disorder-and-multiple-sclerosis-the-first-report-from-iran
#2
Mahdi Barzegar, Shervin Badihian, Omid Mirmosayyeb, Fereshteh Ashtari, Maryam Jamadi, Shohreh Emami, Leila Jahani, Armaghan Safavi, Vahid Shaygannejad
BACKGROUND: Neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorder (NMOSD) and multiple sclerosis (MS) are associated with reduced Health Related Quality of Life (HRQOL). To the best of our knowledge, change of HRQOL in patients with NMOSD has not been yet measure in Iran. The objective of this study was to assess HRQOL in NMOSD and MS patients and identify related factors METHODS: A cross sectional study of 41 patients with NMOSD and 136 age and sex-match MS patients was performed. A series of questionnaires including Persian validated questionnaires on HRQOL (SF-36), fatigue (MFIS), depression (BDI-II), anxiety (HAM-A) and sleep quality (PSQI) were record...
April 14, 2018: Multiple Sclerosis and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761827/factors-related-to-dissociation-between-objective-and-subjective-masticatory-function-in-japanese-community-dwelling-elderly-adults
#3
Murakami Masaharu, Yutaka Watanabe, Edahiro Ayako, Yuki Ohara, Obuchi Shuichi, Kawai Hisashi, Hunkyung Kim, Yoshinori Fujiwara, Ihara Kazushige, Murakami Masato, Hirohiko Hirano
OBJECTIVE: Clinicians' evaluations of older adults sometimes reveal inconsistencies between objective and subjective dental status. This study investigated which factors contribute both to good objective masticatory function (OMF) and the poor subjective masticatory function (SMF) that often becomes a clinical issue. METHODS: Study participants included 635 elderly community-dwelling Japanese adults who underwent a comprehensive geriatric health examination in 2012...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Oral Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760852/altered-mental-status-current-evidence-based-recommendations-for-prehospital-care
#4
REVIEW
Ashley Sanello, Marianne Gausche-Hill, William Mulkerin, Karl A Sporer, John F Brown, Kristi L Koenig, Eric M Rudnick, Angelo A Salvucci, Gregory H Gilbert
Introduction: In the United States emergency medical services (EMS) protocols vary widely across jurisdictions. We sought to develop evidence-based recommendations for the prehospital evaluation and treatment of a patient with an acute change in mental status and to compare these recommendations against the current protocols used by the 33 EMS agencies in the State of California. Methods: We performed a literature review of the current evidence in the prehospital treatment of a patient with altered mental status (AMS) and augmented this review with guidelines from various national and international societies to create our evidence-based recommendations...
May 2018: Western Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755904/radiation-induced-cavernous-malformation-as-a-late-sequelae-of-stereotactic-radiosurgery-for-epilepsy
#5
Ethan A Winkler, Caleb Rutledge, Mariann Ward, Tarik Tihan, Patricia K Sneed, Nicholas Barbaro, Paul Garcia, Michael McDermott, Edward F Chang
Stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) is a promising treatment for medically intractable mesial temporal lobe epilepsy. SRS for epilepsy has had an acceptable safety profile with reports of radiation-induced vascular malformations confined to central nervous system pathologies with prominent angiogenesis - namely, primary brain tumors, metastases, and arteriovenous malformations. Theoretical risks for radiation-induced lesions following radiosurgery for epilepsy have yet to be established. Of 13 patients treated in a pilot trial for medial temporal lobe epilepsy, one developed multiple delayed radiation-induced cavernous malformations following radiosurgery...
March 11, 2018: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755137/legal-marriage-unequal-recognition-and-mental-health-among-same-sex-couples
#6
Allen J LeBlanc, David M Frost, Kayla Bowen
The authors examined whether the perception of unequal relationship recognition, a novel, couple-level minority stressor, has negative consequences for mental health among same-sex couples. Data came from a dyadic study of 100 ( N = 200) same-sex couples in the U.S. Being in a legal marriage was associated with lower perceived unequal recognition and better mental health; being in a registered domestic partnership or civil union - not also legally married - was associated with greater perceived unequal recognition and worse mental health...
April 2018: Journal of Marriage and the Family
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746650/age-dependent-morbidity-and-mortality-outcomes-after-surgical-aortic-valve-replacement
#7
Amjad I Hussain, Andreas Auensen, Cathrine Brunborg, Jan Otto Beitnes, Lars Gullestad, Kjell I Pettersen
OBJECTIVES: This study addressed the assumption of increased morbidity and mortality after surgical aortic valve replacement in patients older than 80 years with severe aortic stenosis. METHODS: This prospective study was performed in consecutive patients referred for aortic valve replacement. The age-dependent change in cognitive and physical function, quality of life and rehospitalization and complication rates during the following year and 5-year all-cause mortality were documented...
May 9, 2018: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746522/changes-in-quality-of-life-and-health-status-in-patients-with-extracorporeal-life-support-a-prospective-longitudinal-study
#8
Kang-Hua Chen, Yu-Ting Chen, Shu-Ling Yeh, Li-Chueh Weng, Feng-Chun Tsai
BACKGROUND: Extracorporeal life support (ECLS) provides emergency pulmonary and cardiac assistance for patients in respiratory or cardiac failure. Most studies evaluate the success of ECLS based on patients' survival rate. However, the trajectory of health status and quality of life (QOL) should also be important considerations. The study's aim was to explore changes in health status and QOL in adult patients weaned from ECLS who survived to hospital discharge over a one-year period. STUDY DESIGN: A prospective longitudinal study was conducted from April 2012 to September 2014...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29744799/dti-derived-indexes-of-brain-wm-correlate-with-cognitive-performance-in-vascular-mci-and-small-vessel-disease-a-tbss-study
#9
Mario Mascalchi, Emilia Salvadori, Nicola Toschi, Marco Giannelli, Stefano Orsolini, Stefano Ciulli, Andrea Ginestroni, Anna Poggesi, Antonio Giorgio, Francesca Lorenzini, Marco Pasi, Nicola De Stefano, Leonardo Pantoni, Domenico Inzitari, Stefano Diciotti
Indexes derived from diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) are sensitive to changes of both T2-hyperintense and normal-appearing brain white matter (WM) in elderly subjects with variable cognitive status. We investigated correlations between global cognitive performance and DTI-derived indexes along the WM tracts in the brain of patients with vascular mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and small vessel disease (SVD). Seventy-six patients with vascular MCI and SVD were assessed through Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA) and Mini Mental State Examination (MMSE) test and underwent DTI examination on a 1...
May 9, 2018: Brain Imaging and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29744674/phase-1-study-of-seviteronel-a-selective-cyp17-lyase-and-androgen-receptor-inhibitor-in-women-with-estrogen-receptor-positive-or-triple-negative-breast-cancer
#10
Aditya Bardia, Ayca Gucalp, Noashir DaCosta, Nashat Gabrail, Michael Danso, Haythem Ali, Kimberly L Blackwell, Lisa A Carey, Joel R Eisner, Edwina S Baskin-Bey, Tiffany A Traina
PURPOSE: Seviteronel (INO-464) is an oral, selective cytochrome P450c17a (CYP17) 17,20-lyase (lyase) and androgen receptor inhibitor with in vitro and in vivo anti-tumor activity. This open-label phase 1 clinical study evaluated safety, tolerability, pharmacokinetics (PK), and activity of once-daily (QD) seviteronel in women with locally advanced or metastatic TNBC or ER+ breast cancer. METHODS: Seviteronel was administered in de-escalating 750, 600, and 450 mg QD 6-subject cohorts...
May 9, 2018: Breast Cancer Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29740641/resistance-training-in-addition-to-multidisciplinary-rehabilitation-for-patients-with-chronic-pain-in-the-low-back-study-protocol
#11
Vegard Moe Iversen, Ottar Vasseljen, Paul Jarle Mork, Ida Reitan Berthelsen, Janne-Birgitte Bloch Børke, Gro Falkener Berheussen, Anne Therese Tveter, Øyvind Salvesen, Marius Steiro Fimland
Introduction: Chronic low back pain (LBP) is a major health problem worldwide. Multidisciplinary rehabilitation and exercise is recommended for the management of chronic LBP. However, there is a need to investigate effective exercise interventions that is available in clinics and as home-based training on a large scale. This article presents the design and rationale of the first randomized clinical trial investigating the effects of progressive resistance training with elastic bands in addition to multidisciplinary rehabilitation for patients with moderate to severe chronic LBP...
June 2017: Contemporary Clinical Trials Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29740553/development-and-validation-of-exercise-rehabilitation-program-for-cognitive-function-and-activity-of-daily-living-improvement-in-mild-dementia-elderly
#12
Mi-Ri Choi, Ji-Youn Kim, Eun-Surk Yi
We investigated the effect of exercise rehabilitation based on fine motor movement for the elderly with mild dementia. Using electroencephalogram (EEG), the change of brain wave of them based on fine motor movement and comparing the improvement level of cognitive ability and performance capability in daily living activity was recorded. The subjects were the elderly with mild dementia living in a sanatorium in Incheon city. Mini-Mental Status Examination, activity of daily living (ADL), and the influence on depression were examined...
April 2018: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29737818/combined-effect-of-eating-alone-and-a-poor-nutritional-status-on-cognitive-decline-among-older-adults-in-taiwan
#13
Cheng-Lun Li, Ho-Jui Tung, Ming-Chin Yeh
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Nutritional status is not only associated with older individuals' physical health but also has an impact on their cognitive functioning. Evidence indicates that a socially integrated lifestyle in the later stages of life protects against cognitive decline and dementia. This study tested the combined effect of two hazards, the risk of malnutrition and eating meals alone, on the cognitive changes among a representative sample of older Taiwanese individuals over an 8-year period...
2018: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29736093/who-is-accessing-family-mental-health-programs-demographic-differences-before-and-after-system-reform
#14
Emily Hamovitch, Mary Acri, Lindsay A Bornheimer
Childhood mental health disorders are on the rise in the United States. To ensure equitable access to care, it is important to examine the characteristics of children and families who access services. This study compares the demographic characteristics of two samples of families who participated in National Institute of Mental Health-funded studies of a Multiple Family Group model, entitled the 4Rs and 2Ss Multiple Family Group (4Rs and 2Ss) in New York City. One sample is currently receiving services, and the other received services a decade ago...
January 2018: Children and Youth Services Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29731412/comparison-of-effectiveness-and-cost-effectiveness-of-an-intensive-community-supported-discharge-service-versus-treatment-as-usual-for-adolescents-with-psychiatric-emergencies-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#15
Dennis Ougrin, Richard Corrigall, Jason Poole, Toby Zundel, Mandy Sarhane, Victoria Slater, Daniel Stahl, Paula Reavey, Sarah Byford, Margaret Heslin, John Ivens, Maarten Crommelin, Zahra Abdulla, Daniel Hayes, Kerry Middleton, Benita Nnadi, Eric Taylor
BACKGROUND: Intensive community treatment to reduce dependency on adolescent psychiatric inpatient care is recommended in guidelines but has not been assessed in a randomised controlled trial in the UK. We designed a supported discharge service (SDS) provided by an intensive community treatment team and compared outcomes with usual care. METHODS: Eligible patients for this randomised controlled trial were younger than 18 years and had been admitted for psychiatric inpatient care in the South London and Maudsley NHS Foundation Trust...
May 3, 2018: Lancet Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29731164/influence-of-wellness-education-on-first-line-icotinib-hydrochloride-patients-with-stage-iv-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-and-their-family-caregivers
#16
Li Yanwei, Fang Minghui, Quan Manman, Yan Zhuchun, Liu Dongying, Pan Zhanyu
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to examine the effects of wellness education (WE) intervention on the behavioral change, psychological status, performance status on patients with stage IV non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) undergoing icotinib hydrochloride treatment and their relationships with family caregivers. METHODS: We conducted an intervention study involving 126 individuals with confirmed activating epidermal growth factor receptor mutation-positive stage IV NSCLC who received icotinib hydrochloride as first-line therapy between January 2014 and January 2016; their caregivers were also included in the study...
April 11, 2018: Current Problems in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29730870/effects-of-gender-reassignment-on-quality-of-life-and-mental-health-in-people-with-gender-dysphoria
#17
Berna Özata Yıldızhan, Şahika Yüksel, Mirella Avayu, Handan Noyan, Eren Yıldızhan
OBJECTIVE: Our purpose was to compare the life style, family and social relationships (social adaptation) and the quality of life in people with gender dysphoria with and without history of sex reassignment surgery. METHOD: Twenty  individuals (SR group) who were earlier followed   in Istanbul University Psychiatry Department Psychoneurosis and Psychotherapy Unit with gender dysphoria diagnosis in  order  to  have confirmative reports for the sex reassignment (SR) surgery were interviewed at least one year after the surgery...
2018: Türk Psikiyatri Dergisi, Turkish Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29724670/a-multisite-2-year-follow-up-of-psychopathology-prevalence-predictors-and-correlates-among-adolescents-who-did-or-did-not-undergo-weight-loss-surgery
#18
Sanita L Hunsaker, Beth H Garland, Dana Rofey, Jennifer Reiter-Purtill, James Mitchell, Anita Courcoulas, Todd M Jenkins, Meg H Zeller
PURPOSE: We aimed to characterize prevalence, change, predictors, and correlates of psychopathology and associations with weight loss in adolescents with severe obesity 24 months after weight loss surgery (WLS) utilizing a controlled multisite sample design. METHODS: Adolescents undergoing WLS (n = 139) and nonsurgical comparisons with severe obesity (NSComp; n = 83) completed validated questionnaires assessing psychopathology and potential predictors and correlates at presurgery/baseline and 24 months postoperatively/follow-up...
April 30, 2018: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29723297/immigration-citizenship-and-the-mental-health-of-adolescents
#19
Nicole Filion, Andrew Fenelon, Michel Boudreaux
PURPOSE: To examine the reported mental health outcomes of adolescent foreign-born non-citizens and adolescent foreign-born U.S. citizens compared to adolescent U.S.-born citizens. METHODS: Using the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire in the National Health Interview Survey, we compared mental health status of U.S.-born adolescent citizens to foreign-born citizens and non-citizens in the years 2010-2015, and examined how differences in emotional difficulty changed based on time spent in the U...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29723151/-the-effect-of-antipsychotic-drug-on-monoamine-receptors-in-peripheral-blood-mononuclear-cells-affinity-linked-mechanism
#20
A E Taraskina, A M Zabotina, R F Nasyrova, D N Sosin, K A Sosina, E E Ershov, M N Grunina, E M Krupitsky
Schizophrenia is one of the most serious and common mental disorders, which is characterized by high levels of pathogenic heterogeneity as well as neuroimmune abnormalities, which require treatment with antipsychotic drugs. Monoamines are one of the key neurotransmitters which play an important role in neuroimmune interactions of the human organism. We suggest that the quantity of the monoamine receptors on mononuclear cells of the peripheral blood (PBMCs) can be associated with the cytokine profile of patients...
March 2018: Biomedit︠s︡inskai︠a︡ Khimii︠a︡
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