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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228666/description-of-a-new-species-of-euderus-haliday-from-the-southeastern-united-states-hymenoptera-chalcidoidea-eulophidae-the-crypt-keeper-wasp
#1
Scott P Egan, Kelly L Weinersmith, Sean Liu, Ryan D Ridenbaugh, Y Miles Zhang, Andrew A Forbes
A new species of the genus Euderus Haliday, Euderus setsp. n., is described and illustrated from the southeastern United States, where it parasitizes the crypt gall wasp, Bassettia pallida Ashmead, 1896, on live oaks in the genus Quercus (subsection Virentes). This is the 1(st) species of the genus reported from the southeastern United States to parasitize cynipid gall wasps and the 3(rd) species of the genus reported to attack cynipids in North America. Modified sections of the identification keys to subgenera and species of Euderus (Yoshimoto, 1971) are included to integrate the new species...
2017: ZooKeys
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226193/care-of-women-with-diabetes-before-during-and-after-pregnancy-time-for-a-new-approach
#2
A M Egan, L Carmody, B Kirwan, F P Dunne
AIMS: This study assesses the impact of pregnancy and pre-pregnancy care on longer-term treatment goals in women with diabetes. METHODS: This retrospective study included women with Type 1 (n = 247) and Type 2 diabetes (n = 137) who were evaluated before, during and after pregnancy. RESULTS: Among women with Type 1 diabetes, average HbA1c at 12 months post-partum was similar to the preconception level [63 vs. 64 mmol/mol (7.9% vs...
February 22, 2017: Diabetic Medicine: a Journal of the British Diabetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214106/multicenter-study-of-cigarette-smoking-among-adults-with-asthma-exacerbations-in-the-emergency-department-2011-2012
#3
Robert A Silverman, Kohei Hasegawa, Daniel J Egan, Kirk A Stiffler, Ashley F Sullivan, Carlos A Camargo
INTRODUCTION: Previous studies demonstrated a high prevalence of cigarette smoking in patients presenting to the emergency department (ED) with acute asthma. Despite the clinical and public health importance, there have been no recent multicenter efforts to characterize this patient population. We aimed to update the prevalence of cigarette smoking among ED patients with asthma exacerbations. METHODS: Multicenter chart review study of 48 EDs across 23 US states...
February 7, 2017: Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207958/shared-care-requires-a-shared-vision-communities-of-clinical-practice-in-a-primary-care-setting
#4
Jessica Young, Tony Egan, Chrystal Jaye, Martyn Williamson, Anna Askerud, Peter Raude, Maree Penese
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To understand how a vision of care is formed and shared by patients and the primary care professionals involved in their care. BACKGROUND: To achieve the best health outcomes, it is important for patients and those who care for them to have a mutual understanding about what is important to the patient in their everyday life and why, and what care is necessary to realise this vision. Shared or team care does not necessarily translate to a consistent and integrated approach to a patient's care...
February 16, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207345/a-competency-focused-commentary-on-the-special-section-on-teaching-training-and-supervision-in-personality-and-psychological-assessment
#5
Nadine J Kaslow, Glenn J Egan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Journal of Personality Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28204751/-i-ve-actually-changed-how-i-live-patients-long-term-perceptions-of-a-cognitive-behavioral-pain-management-program
#6
Aine Egan, Olive Lennon, Camillus K Power, Brona M Fullen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 1, 2017: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197312/identification-and-mechanistic-evaluation-of-hemozoin-inhibiting-triarylimidazoles-active-against-plasmodium-falciparum
#7
Kathryn J Wicht, Jill M Combrinck, Peter J Smith, Roger Hunter, Timothy J Egan
In a previous study, target based screening was carried out for inhibitors of β-hematin (synthetic hemozoin) formation, and a series of triarylimidazoles were identified as active against Plasmodium falciparum. Here, we report the subsequent synthesis and testing of derivatives with varying substituents on the three phenyl rings for this series. The results indicated that a 2-hydroxy-1,3-dimethoxy substitution pattern on ring A is required for submicromolar parasite activity. In addition, cell-fractionation studies revealed uncommonly large, dose-dependent increases of P...
February 9, 2017: ACS Medicinal Chemistry Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28172660/p511-baseline-characteristics-of-ulcerative-colitis-patients-in-the-vedolizumab-pass-study-a-cohort-study-assessing-the-safety-and-effectiveness-of-vedolizumab-compared-to-other-biologic-agents-01
#8
D Wolf, J D Lewis, B Siegmund, G Lichtenstein, S Sebastian, C A Siegel, E Louis, T Haas, K Nedd, S Subramanian, H Aguilar, L Egan, C Gasche, G Doherty, A Lobo, D Spearman, A Patel, R Moparty, M Brookes, X Hebuterne, B Moum, P Dolin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 1, 2017: Journal of Crohn's & Colitis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28158506/completion-proctectomy-for-crohn-s-colitis-lessons-learned
#9
Yvonne Mihes, Niamh M Hogan, Larry Egan, Myles R Joyce
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2, 2017: Journal of Crohn's & Colitis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28150178/the-effect-of-concurrent-plyometric-training-versus-submaximal-aerobic-cycling-on-rowing-economy-peak-power-and-performance-in-male-high-school-rowers
#10
Julian D Egan-Shuttler, Rohan Edmonds, Cassandra Eddy, Veronica O'Neill, Stephen J Ives
BACKGROUND: Plyometric training has been shown to increase muscle power, running economy, and performance in athletes. Despite its use by rowing coaches, it is unknown whether plyometrics might improve rowing economy or performance. The purpose was to determine if plyometric training, in conjunction with training on the water, would lead to improved rowing economy and performance. METHODS: Eighteen male high school rowers were assigned to perform 4 weeks of either plyometric training (PLYO, n = 9) or steady-state cycling below ventilatory threshold (endurance, E, n = 9), for 30 min prior to practice on the water (matched for training volume) 3 days per week...
December 2017: Sports Medicine—Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28137989/physical-activity-and-hypertension-knowing-is-not-enough-we-must-apply-willing-is-not-enough-we-must-do-von-goethe
#11
EDITORIAL
Brent M Egan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28137336/a-pilot-investigation-of-cognitive-behavioural-therapy-for-clinical-perfectionism-in-obsessive-compulsive-disorder
#12
Shalane K Sadri, Rebecca A Anderson, Peter M McEvoy, Robert T Kane, Sarah J Egan
BACKGROUND: Perfectionism is strongly associated with obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD). Cognitive behavioural therapy for perfectionism (CBT-P) has been found to result in reductions in a range of symptoms in individuals with anxiety disorders, depression and eating disorders. AIM: To pilot-test the efficacy of group CBT for perfectionism in participants with OCD and elevated perfectionism. METHOD: Participants were randomized to receive immediate 8-week group CBT-P (n = 4) or an 8-week waitlist followed by CBT-P (n = 7)...
January 31, 2017: Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28135798/rational-design-of-single-chain-polymeric-nanoparticles-that-kill-planktonic-and-biofilm-bacteria
#13
Thuy-Khanh Nguyen, Shu Jie Lam, Kitty Ka Kit Ho, Naresh Kumar, Greg G Qiao, Suhelen Egan, Cyrille Boyer, Edgar H H Wong
Infections caused by multidrug-resistant bacteria are on the rise and as such, new antimicrobial agents are required to prevent the onset of a post-antibiotic era. In this study, we develop new antimicrobial compounds in the form of single-chain polymeric nanoparticles (SCPNs) that exhibit excellent antimicrobial activity against Gram-negative bacteria (e.g., Pseudomonas aeruginosa) at µM concentrations (e.g., 1.1 µM), and remarkably kill ≥ 99.99% of both planktonic cells and biofilm within an hour. Linear random copolymers, which comprise of oligoethylene glycol (OEG), hydrophobic and amine groups, undergo self-folding in aqueous due to intramolecular hydrophobic interactions to yield these SCPNs...
January 30, 2017: ACS Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28130758/hla-c-06-02-does-not-predispose-to-clinical-response-following-long-term-adalimumab-treatment-in-psoriatic-patients-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#14
Marina Talamonti, Marco Galluzzo, Arianna Zangrilli, Marina Papoutsaki, Colin Gerard Egan, Mauro Bavetta, Sara Tambone, Maria Concetta Fargnoli, Luca Bianchi
BACKGROUND: The genetic basis of predisposition to psoriasis is recognised; however, the response to psoriasis treatment in patients with different genetic predisposition is poorly understood. OBJECTIVE: To analyse the presence of the HLA-C*06:02 polymorphism in psoriatic patients treated with adalimumab. METHODS: Genomic DNA was extracted from whole blood of 122 patients with moderate-to-severe psoriasis treated with adalimumab for 3 years...
January 28, 2017: Molecular Diagnosis & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28123089/tales-from-the-crypt-a-parasitoid-manipulates-the-behaviour-of-its-parasite-host
#15
Kelly L Weinersmith, Sean M Liu, Andrew A Forbes, Scott P Egan
There are many examples of apparent manipulation of host phenotype by parasites, yet few examples of hypermanipulation-where a phenotype-manipulating parasite is itself manipulated by a parasite. Moreover, few studies confirm manipulation is occurring by quantifying whether the host's changed phenotype increases parasite fitness. Here we describe a novel case of hypermanipulation, in which the crypt gall wasp Bassettia pallida (a phenotypic manipulator of its tree host) is manipulated by the parasitoid crypt-keeper wasp Euderus set, and show that the host's changed behaviour increases parasitoid fitness...
January 25, 2017: Proceedings. Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28121472/plasma-creatine-kinetics-after-ingestion-of-microencapsulated-creatine-monohydrate-with-enhanced-stability-in-aqueous-solutions
#16
Michelle Hone, Robert M Kent, Alessandro Scotto di Palumbo, Sinead B Bleiel, Giuseppe De Vito, Brendan Egan
Creatine monohydrate represents one of the largest sports supplement markets. Enhancing creatine (CRE) stability in aqueous solutions, such as with microencapsulation, represents innovation potential. Ten physically active male volunteers were randomly assigned in a double-blind design to either placebo (PLA) (3-g maltodextrin; n = 5) or microencapsulated CRE (3-g creatine monohydrate; n = 5) conditions. Experimental conditions involved ingestion of the samples in a 70-mL ready-to-drink format. CRE was delivered in a novel microencapsulation matrix material consisting entirely of hydrolyzed milk protein...
July 4, 2017: Journal of Dietary Supplements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28113186/epidural-spinal-stimulation-to-improve-bladder-bowel-and-sexual-function-in-individuals-with-spinal-cord-injuries-a-framework-for-clinical-research
#17
Roderic I Pettigrew, William J Heetderks, Christine A Kelley, Grace C Y Peng, Steven H Krosnick, Lyn B Jakeman, Katharine D Egan, Michael Marge
While some recent studies that apply epidural spinal cord stimulation (SCS) have demonstrated a breakthrough in improvement of the health and quality of the life of persons with spinal cord injury (SCI), the numbers of people who have received SCS are small. This is in sharp contrast to the thousands of persons worldwide living with SCI who have no practical recourse or hope of recovery of lost functions. Thus, the vision is to understand the full potential of this new intervention and to determine if it is safe and effective in a larger cohort, and if it is scalable so that it can be made available to all those who might benefit...
February 2017: IEEE Transactions on Bio-medical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28111987/communities-of-clinical-practice-in-action-doing-whatever-it-takes
#18
Jessica Young, Chrystal Jaye, Tony Egan, Martyn Williamson, Anna Askerud, Peter Radue, Maree Penese
Burgeoning numbers of patients with long-term conditions requiring complex care have placed pressures on healthcare systems around the world. In New Zealand, complex patients are increasingly being managed within the community. The Community of Clinical Practice concept identifies the network of carers around an individual patient whose central participants share a common purpose of increasing that patient's well-being. We conducted a focused ethnography of nine communities of clinical practice in one general practice setting using participant observation and interviews, and examined the patients' medical records...
January 1, 2017: Health (London)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100560/prevalence-impact-and-cost-of-multimorbidity-in-a-cohort-of-people-with-chronic-pain-in-ireland-a-study-protocol
#19
Brian W Slattery, Laura O'Connor, Stephanie Haugh, Christopher P Dwyer, Siobhan O'Higgins, Line Caes, Jonathan Egan, Brian E McGuire
INTRODUCTION: Multimorbidity (MM) refers to the coexistence of two or more chronic conditions within one person, where no one condition is considered primary. As populations age and healthcare provision improves, MM is becoming increasingly common and poses a challenge to the single morbidity approach to illness management, usually adopted by healthcare systems. Indeed, recent research has shown that 66.2% of the people in primary care in Ireland are living with MM. Healthcare usage and cost is significantly associated with MM, and additional chronic conditions lead to exponential increases in service usage and financial costs, and decreases in physical and mental well-being...
January 18, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094524/antimalarial-pyrido-1-2-a-benzimidazoles-lead-optimization-parasite-life-cycle-stage-profile-mechanistic-evaluation-killing-kinetics-and-in-vivo-oral-efficacy-in-a-mouse-model
#20
Kawaljit Singh, John Okombo, Christel Brunschwig, Ferdinand Ndubi, Linley Barnard, Chad Wilkinson, Peter M Njogu, Mathew Njoroge, Lizahn Laing, Marta Machado, Miguel Prudêncio, Janette Reader, Mariette Botha, Sindisiwe Nondaba, Lyn-Marie Birkholtz, Sonja Lauterbach, Alisje Churchyard, Theresa L Coetzer, Jeremy N Burrows, Clive Yeates, Paolo Denti, Lubbe Wiesner, Timothy J Egan, Sergio Wittlin, Kelly Chibale
Further structure-activity relationship (SAR) studies on the recently identified pyrido[1,2-a]benzimidazole (PBI) antimalarials have led to the identification of potent, metabolically stable compounds with improved in vivo oral efficacy in the P. berghei mouse model and additional activity against parasite liver and gametocyte stages, making them potential candidates for preclinical development. Inhibition of hemozoin formation possibly contributes to the mechanism of action.
February 7, 2017: Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
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