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Tracheotomy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29206744/detectable-concentrations-of-inhaled-tobramycin-in-critically-ill-children-without-cystic-fibrosis-should-routine-monitoring-be-recommended
#1
Jamie L Miller, Trisha M Lepa, Courtney Ranallo, Hala Chaaban, Grant H Skrepnek, Peter N Johnson
OBJECTIVES: To determine the percentage of detectable tobramycin troughs and acute kidney injury in critically ill children without cystic fibrosis on inhaled therapy. DESIGN: Historic cohort. SETTING: Academic hospital. PATIENTS: Forty children less than 18 years receiving inhaled tobramycin across 6.5 years. INTERVENTIONS: None. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: The primary objective was to determine the percentage of detectable tobramycin troughs greater than or equal to 0...
December 2017: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29203089/multivariate-analysis-of-risk-factors-for-postoperative-wound-infection-following-oral-and-oropharyngeal-cancer-surgery
#2
Margita Belusic-Gobic, Arijan Zubovic, Robert Cerovic, Andrea Dekanic, Diana Marzic, Gordana Zamolo
PURPOSE: The goal of this study was to identify risk factors for wound infections in patients with oral cancer who underwent surgical procedures. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study included 195 patients who underwent surgical treatment of oral and oropharyngeal cancer over a 7-year period. Wound infection was defined as the occurrence of purulent content from the wound or as an appearance of exudate with signs of local infection and positive cultures taken from the wound...
November 10, 2017: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200894/potential-for-severe-airway-obstruction-from-pediatric-retropharyngeal-abscess
#3
Michelle M LeRiger, Veronica Miler, Joseph D Tobias, Vidya T Raman, Charles A Elmaraghy, Kris R Jatana
Retropharyngeal abscesses in the pediatric population can cause severe respiratory distress. We report a rare case of significant airway obstruction in a 14-month-old patient requiring rapid, emergent tracheotomy after attempts at endotracheal intubation by an experienced airway surgeon were unsuccessful. The patient was diagnosed with streptococcal pharyngitis 9 days prior to presentation to our facility and was being treated with amoxicillin. Prompt diagnosis, communication, and appropriate multidisciplinary airway management can lead to successful outcomes even in these severe cases...
2017: International Medical Case Reports Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198646/salvage-surgery-for-recurrence-of-laryngeal-and-hypopharyngeal-squamous-cell-carcinoma-a-retrospective-study-from-2005-to-2013
#4
K Pujo, P Philouze, A Scalabre, P Céruse, M Poupart, G Buiret
OBJECTIVES: Salvage surgery is the gold-standard treatment for locoregional recurrence of laryngeal and hypopharyngeal cancer following radiation therapy. Imperfect oncologic and functional results, however, require patient selection. The main objective of the present study was to determine preoperative factors for survival. Secondary objectives were to study 5-year overall and disease-free survival, general and locoregional complications, and functional results in terms of feeding and tracheotomy closure...
November 30, 2017: European Annals of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29174288/-update-on-the-respiratory-management-of-patients-with-chronic-neuromuscular-disease
#5
REVIEW
P Priou, W Trzepizur, N Meslier, F Gagnadoux
BACKGROUND: Neuromuscular diseases include a wide range of conditions that may involve potentially life-threatening respiratory complications (infection, respiratory failure). SURVEILLANCE AND PULMONARY FUNCTION TESTS: For patients with neuromuscular diseases, clinical assessment of respiratory function and regular pulmonary function tests are needed to screen for nocturnal respiratory disorders, weakness of the diaphragm and potential restrictive disorders and/or chronic hypercapnic respiratory insufficiency, possibly with couch deficiency...
November 21, 2017: Revue de Pneumologie Clinique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29169162/application-of-electrocautery-needle-knife-combined-with-balloon-dilatation-versus-balloon-dilatation-in-the-treatment-of-tracheal-fibrotic-scar-stenosis
#6
Liyan Bo, Congcong Li, Min Chen, Deguang Mu, Faguang Jin
BACKGROUND: Electrocautery needle knives can largely reduce scar and granulation tissue hyperplasia and play an important role in treating patients with benign stricture. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this retrospective study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of electrocautery needle knife combined with balloon dilatation versus balloon dilatation alone in the treatment of tracheal stenosis caused by tracheal intubation or tracheotomy. METHODS: We retrospectively analysed the clinical data of 43 patients with tracheal stenosis caused by tracheotomy or tracheal intubation in our department from January 2013 to January 2016...
November 23, 2017: Respiration; International Review of Thoracic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164621/determining-candidate-single-nucleotide-polymorphisms-in-acquired-laryngotracheal-stenosis
#7
Mursalin M Anis, Natalia Krynetskaia, Zhigen Zhao, Evgeny Krynetskiy, Ahmed M S Soliman
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: Despite wide adoption of strategies to prevent injury from prolonged intubation and tracheotomy, acquired laryngotracheal stenosis (ALTS) has not disappeared. ALTS' persistence may be due to patient factors that confer unique susceptibility for some. We sought to identify genetic markers in genes associated with wound healing that could be associated with ALTS. STUDY DESIGN: Case-control study. METHODS: One hundred thirty-eight patients were recruited, 53 patients with ALTS and 85 control patients who underwent intubation or tracheotomy without evidence of ALTS...
November 22, 2017: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152294/awake-tracheotomy-in-a-patient-with-stridor-and-dyspnoea-caused-by-a-sizeable-malignant-thyroid-tumor-a-case-report-and-short-review-of-the-literature
#8
Andreas Hohn, Tālis Kauliņš, Jochen Hinkelbein, Krista Kauliņa, Andreas Kopp, Sebastian G Russo, Sigurd Kohlen, Stefan Schröder
Individual airway management is mandatory in patients with large goiters undergoing thyroid surgery. Preoperative endoscopic airway evaluation and imaging studies can support clinical decision making. Awake tracheotomy can be an effective and reasonable airway management strategy in such patients.
November 2017: Clinical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151416/-short-term-deep-sedation-strategy-in-patients-with-spontaneous-intracerebral-hemorrhage-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#9
Zhuheng Wang, Chunzhi Shi, Liping Sun, Qinghua Guo, Wei Qiao, Guanhua Zhou
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of short-term deep sedation strategy in patients with spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) after surgery. METHODS: A perspective, randomized, parallel-group study was conducted. Adult patients with spontaneous ICH and undergoing craniotomy admitted to Daxing Teaching Hospital of Capital Medical University from December 2015 to November 2016 were enrolled. The patients who received surgery were randomly divided into a short-term deep sedation and a slight and middle sedation group...
November 2017: Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151413/-effects-of-mechanical-ventilation-on-diaphragmatic-contractile-function-in-patients-with-aecopd
#10
Feifei Wang, Xiaoping Zhu, Changjing Zhang, Hui Zhu, Yu Feng, Yang Liu, Shaolin Ma
OBJECTIVE: To study diaphragmatic strength in patients with acute exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (AECOPD) during mechanical ventilation (MV), and to explore the predictive value of maximal transdiaphragm pressure (Pdi max) for successful extubation. METHODS: A prospective study was conducted. Twenty-one patients with AECOPD receiving MV admitted to intensive care unit (ICU) of Shanghai East Hospital of Tongji University of School Medicine from February 2015 to May 2017 were enrolled...
November 2017: Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139380/-tracheotomy-and-myopathy-history-of-an-encounter
#11
Denis Tiberghien, Charles Gallen, Susana Quijano-Roy, Jean Bergounioux
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: Médecine Sciences: M/S
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135994/perioperative-risk-factors-for-postoperative-pneumonia-after-major-oral-cancer-surgery-a-retrospective-analysis-of-331-cases
#12
Jieyun Xu, Jing Hu, Pei Yu, Weiwang Wang, Xingxue Hu, Jinsong Hou, Silian Fang, Xiqiang Liu
OBJECTIVE: Postoperative pneumonia (POP) is common and results in prolonged hospital stays, higher costs, increased morbidity and mortality. However, data on the incidence and risk factors of POP after oral and maxillofacial surgery are rare. This study aims to identify perioperative risk factors for POP after major oral cancer (OC) surgery. METHODS: Perioperative data and patient records of 331 consecutive subjects were analyzed in the period of April 2014 to March 2016...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133271/rescue-transtracheal-jet-ventilation-during-difficult-intubation-in-patients-with-upper-airway-cancer
#13
G Bouroche, C Motamed, J M de Guibert, D Hartl, J L Bourgain
INTRODUCTION: The failure rates of intubation and/or mask ventilation are higher in patients with neck or upper airway disease. To ensure oxygenation, Rescue Trans-Tracheal Jet ventilation (RTTJV) may be used. In this critical situation, a high rate of complications has been reported. The aim of this study was to report RTTJV performed by a jet ventilator with an end-expiratory pressure control in an experienced institution. PATIENTS AND METHODS: From a computerised database of 63905 anaesthesia cases, the anaesthetic reports of patients who underwent emergency RTTJV during intubation were studied retrospectively...
November 10, 2017: Anaesthesia, Critical Care & Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124365/change-in-reimbursement-and-costs-in-german-oncological-head-and-neck-surgery-over-the-last-decade-ablative-tongue-cancer-surgery-and-reconstruction-with-split-thickness-skin-graft-vs-microvascular-radial-forearm-flap
#14
Sebastian Hoefert, Oliver Lotter
OBJECTIVES: Defects after ablative tongue cancer surgery can be reconstructed by split-thickness skin grafts or free microvascular flaps. The different surgical options may influence costs, reimbursement, and therefore possible profits. Our goal was to analyze the development of these parameters for different procedures in head and neck reconstruction in Germany over the last decade. MATERIALS AND METHODS: After tumor resection and neck dissection of tongue cancer, three different scenarios were chosen to calculate costs, reimbursement, length of stay (LoS), and profits...
November 9, 2017: Clinical Oral Investigations
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122457/radiotherapy-for-tracheal-bronchial-cystic-adenoid-carcinomas
#15
A Levy, A Omeiri, E Fadel, C Le Péchoux
AIMS: Primary tracheal-bronchial adenoid cystic carcinoma (thoracic adenoid cystic carcinoma; TACC) is a rare and aggressive malignant tumour. Radiotherapy results have not been previously individualised in this setting. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Records of 31 patients with TACC (74% tracheal and 26% bronchial) who received radiotherapy between February 1984 and September 2014 were retrospectively analysed. RESULTS: Surgical removal of the primary tumour was carried out for most (71%) patients, and 13/22 (59%) had R1 or R2 (1/22) margins...
November 6, 2017: Clinical Oncology: a Journal of the Royal College of Radiologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120150/incidence-etiology-and-outcome-of-ventilator-associated-pneumonia-in-patients-with-percutaneous-tracheotomy
#16
Tihana Magdić Turković, Melanija Obraz, Milana Zlatić Glogoški, Ida Juranić, Bruna Bodulica, Josipa Kovačić
Although the incidence of ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) is very high, there are still many uncertainties about clinical course of VAP among tracheotomized patients. The goal of the present study was to determine the impact of tracheotomy on VAP incidence and etiology, as well as outcome of VAP patients with tracheotomy. The study was conducted in a 15-bed Surgical and Neurosurgical Intensive Care Unit (ICU), Sestre milosrdnice University Hospital Center in Zagreb, Croatia. The study included all patients undergoing only percutaneous tracheotomy during the study period...
March 2017: Acta Clinica Croatica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098288/hypoglossal-nerve-stimulation-in-adolescents-with-down-syndrome-and-obstructive-sleep-apnea
#17
Gillian R Diercks, Carissa Wentland, Donald Keamy, Thomas Bernard Kinane, Brian Skotko, Vanessa de Guzman, Ellen Grealish, John Dobrowski, Ryan Soose, Christopher J Hartnick
Importance: Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) affects up to 60% of children with Down syndrome (DS) and may persist in half of patients after adenotonsillectomy. Children with DS who have persistent OSA often do not tolerate treatment with positive pressure airway support devices or tracheotomy for their residual moderate to severe OSA. The hypoglossal nerve stimulator is an implantable device that delivers an electrical impulse to anterior branches of the hypoglossal nerve in response to respiratory variation, resulting in tongue base protrusion that alleviates upper airway obstruction in adults...
November 2, 2017: JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097138/does-length-of-intubation-before-tracheostomy-affect-intensive-care-unit-length-of-stay
#18
Shaun R Young, Gary F Bouloux, Sebastian D Perez, Shelly Abramowicz
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine if length of intubation before tracheotomy (LIT) affects length of stay in the intensive care unit (ICU). STUDY DESIGN: This was a retrospective case series of patients who had open tracheotomies at Grady Memorial Hospital by the Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery (OMS) service. Medical records were reviewed to document patient demographic characteristics, etiology for ventilator dependence, and complications. The primary predictor variable was LIT and primary outcome variable was length of stay in ICU after tracheotomy...
September 27, 2017: Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097011/idiopathic-supraglottic-stenosis-refractory-to-multiple-interventions-improved-with-serial-office-based-steroid-injections
#19
Matthew R Hoffman, Johnny P Mai, Seth H Dailey
PURPOSE: The objective of this study was to describe a patient with idiopathic supraglottic stenosis who experienced persistent disease despite multiple office-based and operative interventions, whose disease is now better controlled with scheduled serial office-based steroid injections. METHODS: This is a case report and literature review. RESULTS: A 42-year-old female was referred for worsening supraglottic stenosis despite systemic steroids...
October 30, 2017: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29084116/role-of-swallowing-function-of-tracheotomised-patients-in-major-head-and-neck-cancer-surgery
#20
Alexander K Bartella, Mohammad Kamal, Sean Berman, Timm Steiner, Dirk Frölich, Frank Hölzle, Bernd Lethaus
INTRODUCTION: Tracheotomy is a frequent procedure in extended head and neck cancer surgery and known to be a risk factor for prolonged hospitalization. The authors hypothesized that the clinical course and delayed decannulation of patients are not only influenced by airway narrowing, but also by a compromised postoperative swallowing function. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The investigators implemented a retrospective cohort study. The sample was composed of a tertiary care center patients who underwent major head and neck cancer surgery, each receiving a tracheostomy...
October 27, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
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