keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Tracheotomy

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338364/indications-risk-of-lower-airway-infection-and-complications-to-pediatric-tracheotomy-report-from-a-tertiary-referral-center
#1
Christian Grønhøj, Birgitte Charabi, Christian von Buchwald, Thomas Hjuler
BACKGROUND: Although pediatric tracheotomy is potentially life-saving, the procedure is associated with high risk of complications, and indications have changed the last decade. We report indications, complications, and lower airway infections (LAIs) to pediatric tracheotomy performed at a tertiary referral center. METHODS: We identified all children (<18 years) who underwent tracheotomy at our institution during 2008-2015. A review of hospital records was performed to extract data on indication of the procedure, complications, and information on pre- and postoperative LAI...
March 24, 2017: Acta Oto-laryngologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334798/risk-factors-for-postoperative-delirium-in-patients-undergoing-major-head-and-neck-cancer-surgery-a-meta-analysis
#2
Yun Zhu, Gangpu Wang, Shengwen Liu, Shanghui Zhou, Ying Lian, Chenping Zhang, Wenjun Yang
Objective: Postoperative delirium is common after extensive surgery. This study aimed to collate and synthesize published literature on risk factors for delirium in patients with head and neck cancer surgery. Methods: Three databases were searched (MEDLINE, Embase, and Cochrane Library) between January 1987 and July 2016. The Newcastle Ottawa Scale (NOS) was adopted to evaluate the study quality. Pooled odds ratios or mean differences for individual risk factors were estimated using the Mantel-Haenszel and inverse-variance methods...
February 24, 2017: Japanese Journal of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328693/a-giant-pseudoaneurysm-mimicking-retropharyngeal-abscess-in-a-child
#3
Rijuneeta Gupta, Sourabha K Patro, Neha Chauhan, Ajay Kumar
Pseudoaneurysms of the cervical internal carotid artery are rare and usually result from trauma, infection, or rarely spontaneously. They harbor potential risk of life-threatening hemorrhage and warrant immediate management. Endovascular treatment in the form of stent placement and coiling is a well established technique for dealing with both intracranial and extracranial pseudoaneurysms. We present a case of a child who presented with fever, neck swelling, dysphagia, and respiratory distress in emergency for which clinical diagnosis of a neck abscess was made...
March 21, 2017: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320544/-about-a-case-of-laryngeal-location-of-sapho
#4
L Vatin, E Jean, D Rivière, M Montava, A Giovanni, P Dessi, A Lagier
INTRODUCTION: Synovitis, acne, pustulosis, hyperostosis, osteitis (SAPHO) is a syndrome that combines dermatological, articular and osseous inflammatory manifestations. Bilateral laryngeal immobility relative to cricoarytenoid joint origin is very uncommon. This article presents a case of bilateral cricoarytenoid joint ankylosis in a SAPHO syndrome context. CASE REPORT: A 53-year-old patient presenting with a two year history of intermittent bouts of dyspnea. A SAPHO syndrome was discussed on repeated thoracic CT-scan...
March 17, 2017: La Revue de Médecine Interne
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316781/dyspnea-and-dysphagia-associated-to-hypopharyngeal-fibrolipoma-a-case-report
#5
Marco A Mendez Saenz, Vicente J Villagomez Ortiz, Mario Jesús Jr Villegas González, Baltazar Gonzalez Andrade, Miguel Angel Liñan Arce, German A Soto-Galindo, José Luis Treviño González
Fibrolipomas are benign lesions conformed by fat and connective tissue, classified as histologic variants of lipomas. They are rarely located in the head and neck and represent less than 0.6% of the benign tumors of the larynx and hypopharynx. Their clinical presentation depends on its location and size. We present the case of a 51-year-old male patient who reported progressive dyspnea, dysphagia and obstructive sleep symptoms with a duration of 3 months, without apparent cause. A pharyngolaryngeal fiberoptic endoscopy showed a smooth, rounded mass in the posterior wall of the hypopharynx, partially obstructing the laryngeal vestibule, creating a valve effect...
April 2017: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316160/-effect-of-low-dose-erythromycin-on-the-proliferation-of-granulation-tissue-after-tracheal-injury
#6
L H Li, M P Xu, L M Gan, Y Li, Y L Liang, W T Li, E Y Qin, J H Gan, G N Liu
Objective: To investigate the effect of low dose erythromycin on the proliferation of granulation tissue after tracheal injury. Methods: Forty-two rabbits were randomly divided into 7 groups (n=6 each), group A (saline control group), group B (penicillin group), group C (low dose erythromycin group), group D (low dose erythromycin and penicillin group), group E (budesonide group), group F (low dose erythromycin and budesonide group), group G (low dose erythromycin, penicillin and budesonide group). All rabbits received tracheotomy, and the tracheal mucosa was scraped with a nylon brush 20 times for tracheal stenosis model...
March 14, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28297813/-clinical-application-and-evaluation-of-an-early-non-sedation-protocol-for-critically-ill-respiratory-patients
#7
J B Huang, C Q Lan, H Y Li, L Chen, J G Pan, L L Chen, H Weng, Y M Zeng
Objective: To study the value of an early (mechanical ventilation after 24 h) non-sedation protocol for intubated, mechanically ventilated patients in the respiratory intensive care unit (RICU). Methods: Seventy intubated, mechanically ventilated patients were prospectively enrolled and randomly assigned to management with early non-sedation (intervention group; n=35) or with daily interruption of sedation (DIS) (control group; n=35). The duration of mechanical ventilation, length of the RICU and hospital stay, RICU and hospital mortality, drug consumption, RICU and hospitalization expenses, incidence of complications and adverse events and serum levels of vital organ damage and inflammatory markers after mechanical ventilation for 48 h were recorded and compared...
March 12, 2017: Chinese Journal of Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293013/-descending-necrotizing-mediastinitis-survived-by-two-operations-report-of-a-case
#8
Takao Minakata, Yumiko Niiya, Yutaka Oshima, Naoya Himuro, Yuri Tomita, Daisuke Kataoka, Noboru Tanio, Shigeru Yamamoto, Takashi Suzuki, Mitsutaka Kadokura
The patient, a 65-year-old woman, visited at her local doctor's office with the chief complaint of pharyngeal pain. After being administered antibacterial drugs, hyperthermia persisted and the pharyngeal pain became exacerbated. She was referred to our hospital and diagnosed as a retropharyngeal abscess and descending necrotizing mediastinitis (DNM). She was urgently hospitalized and surgery was performed. The mediastinal pleura was incised with thoracoscopic guidance and curettage, irrigation, and drainage were performed...
March 2017: Kyobu Geka. the Japanese Journal of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28275475/surgery-and-perioperative-management-for-post-intubation-tracheoesophageal-fistula-case-series-analysis
#9
Francesco Puma, Jacopo Vannucci, Stefano Santoprete, Moira Urbani, Lucio Cagini, Marco Andolfi, Rossella Potenza, Niccolò Daddi
BACKGROUND: Post-intubation tracheoesophageal fistula (PITEF) is an often mistreated, severe condition. This case series reviewed for both the choice and timing of surgical technique and outcome PITEF patients. METHODS: This case series reviewed ten consecutive patients who had undergone esophageal defect repair and airway resection/reconstruction between 2000 and 2014. All cases were examined for patients: general condition, medical history, preparation to surgery, diagnostic work-up, timing of surgery and procedure, fistula size and site, ventilation type, nutrition, post-operative course and complications...
February 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28273224/emergency-cricothyrotomy-temporary-measure-or-definitive-airway-a-systematic-review
#10
Marina Barguil Macêdo, Ruggeri Bezerra Guimarães, Sahâmia Martins Ribeiro, Kátia Maria Marabuco DE Sousa
Being a fast and safe method in the hands of well trained professionals in both prehospital and intrahospital care, Cricothyrotomy has been broadly recommended as the initial surgical airway in the scenario "can't intubate, can't ventilate", and is particularly useful when the obstruction level is above or at the glottis. Its prolonged permanence, however, is an endless source of controversy. In this review we evaluate the complications of cricothyrotomy and the need of its routine conversion to tracheotomy through a search on PubMed, LILACS and SciELO electronic databases with no restriction to the year or language of the publication...
December 2016: Revista do Colégio Brasileiro de Cirurgiões
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28252585/-the-modern-approach-to-the-conservative-treatment-of-the-patients-presenting-with-postoperative-bilateral-vocal-fold-palsy
#11
O Yu Karpova, V M Svistushkin
The objective of the preset study was to further improve the diagnostics and treatment of unilateral palsies of the laryngeal recurrent nerves associated with transitory reflective spasm of the functionally competent vocal fold. The study included 49 patients (46 women and 3 men) at the age varying from 21 to 75 years presenting with unilateral palsies of the laryngeal recurrent nerves associated with transitory reflective spasm of the functionally competent vocal fold that developed after the surgical intervention on the thyroid gland...
2017: Vestnik Otorinolaringologii
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209037/-lung-function-influenced-the-prognosis-of-cardiac-surgery-in-patients-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#12
C T Wu, J H Zhao, D Wei, Y X Shi, G F Zhu
Objective: To investigate the value of lung function for the prognosis of cardiac surgery in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease(COPD). Methods: A retrospective analysis was conducted on the hospitalized patients with coronary heart disease or valvular heart disease in Beijing Anzhen hospital during Janury 2013 to December 2015. The relationship between lung function and extubation time, time of staying in ICU, second time tracheal incubation, tracheotomy and mortality rate were analyzed. Results: There were 355 patients without surgery in a total 1 729 of patients, of which 65 (18...
February 12, 2017: Chinese Journal of Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197773/change-in-tongue-pressure-in-patients-with-head-and-neck-cancer-after-surgical-resection
#13
Yoko Hasegawa, Kazuma Sugahara, Tatsuyuki Fukuoka, Shota Saito, Ayumi Sakuramoto, Nobuhide Horii, Saori Sano, Kana Hasegawa, Yuta Nakao, Tomoki Nanto, Kanenori Kadoi, Kuniyasu Moridera, Kazuma Noguchi, Kazuhisa Domen, Hiromitsu Kishimoto
Tongue pressure is reportedly associated with dysphagia. This study investigated relationships among characteristics of head and neck cancer, tongue pressure and dysphagia screening tests performed in patients with head and neck cancer during the acute phase after surgical resection. Fifty-seven patients (36 men, 21 women; age range 26-95 years) underwent surgical resection and dysphagia screening tests (Repetitive Saliva Swallowing Test, Water Swallowing Test, Modified Water Swallowing Test and Food Test) and pre- and postoperative measurement of tongue pressure at 5 time points (preoperatively, and 1-2 weeks and 1, 2, and 3 months postoperatively)...
February 14, 2017: Odontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178896/sequential-pet-estimation-of-cerebral-oxygen-metabolism-with-spontaneous-respiration-of-15-o-gas-in-mice-with-bilateral-common-carotid-artery-stenosis
#14
Takashi Temma, Makoto Yamazaki, Jun Miyanohara, Hisashi Shirakawa, Naoya Kondo, Kazuhiro Koshino, Shuji Kaneko, Hidehiro Iida
Positron emission tomography with (15)O-labeled gases ((15)O-PET) is important for in vivo measurement of cerebral oxygen metabolism both in clinical and basic settings. However, there are currently no reports concerning (15)O-PET in mice. Here, we developed an (15)O-PET method applicable to mice with spontaneous respiration of (15)O-gas without a tracheotomy catheter. Sequential (15)O-PET was also performed in a mouse model of chronic cerebral hypoperfusion with bilateral common carotid artery stenosis (BCAS) induced by placement of microcoils...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28175990/starplasty-tracheostomy-case-series-and-literature-review
#15
Yehuda Schwarz, Nidal Muhanna, David Raveh, Chanan Shaul, Sarit Shahroor, Uri Peleg, Pierre Attal, Jean-Yves Sichel
OBJECTIVES: The starplasty tracheostomy (SPT) technique has been suggested to reduce the short-term complications of tracheostomy, including accidental decannulation and pneumothorax. The aim of the present study was to conduct a review of key parameters prior to and following treatment of neonates and children with the SPT technique, including indications, complications, perioperative department stay, and overall length of stay in one University-Affiliated Medical Center. METHODS: A retrospective chart review of all children under the age of 18 underwent SPT in a single center between February 2006 and January 2012...
February 7, 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28122110/invasive-fungal-laryngopharyngitis-resulting-in-laryngeal-destruction-with-complete-laryngotracheal-separation-report-of-a-case
#16
Tyler Swiss, Sergio Santino Cervantes, Michael Hinni, David G Lott
As the treatment of hematopoietic cancers evolves, otolaryngologists will see a higher incidence of opportunistic infections. We discuss a case of invasive fungal disease that invaded the larynx, pharynx, trachea, and pulmonary parenchyma after chemotherapy. The patient, a 46-year-old woman, presented 1 week after undergoing induction chemotherapy. Her initial symptoms were odynophagia and dysphagia. Despite encouraging findings on physical examination, her health rapidly declined and she required an urgent tracheotomy and multiple operations to address spreading necrosis...
January 2017: Ear, Nose, & Throat Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28112532/percutaneous-dilatational-tracheostomy-via-griggs-technique
#17
Hasan Ali Karimpour, Kamran Vafaii, Maryam Chalechale, Saeed Mohammadi, Rasool Kaviannezhad
BACKGROUND: Tracheostomy is considered the airway management of choice for patients who need prolonged mechanical ventilation support. Percutaneous Dilatational Tracheotomy (PDT) is a technique that can be performed easily and rapidly at bedside and is particularly useful in the intensive care setting. The Griggs percutaneous tracheotomy is unique in its utilization of a guide wire dilator forceps. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to describe the early perioperative and late postoperative complications of PDT using the Griggs technique in patients in the intensive care unit (ICU)...
January 2017: Archives of Iranian Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093768/short-term-and-long-term-follow-up-of-pulmonary-function-in-patients-with-copd-after-total-laryngectomy-a-prospective-study
#18
Charlotte Schönwald, Maria Isabel Körber, Dirk Beutner, Roman Pfister, Konrad Frank, Orlando Guntinas-Lichius, Guido Michels
OBJECTIVE: There exists no standardized method for examining lung function in laryngectomized patients. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: We established a base plate adapter (BPA) system for patients after laryngectomy. In 10 patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), we evaluated pulmonary function before laryngectomy, as well as 2 weeks and 3 months after laryngectomy. RESULTS: The BPA system was well tolerated and delivered reliable results comparable to measurements with a mouthpiece...
January 17, 2017: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092114/sleep-disordered-breathing-in-pediatric-head-and-neck-vascular-malformations
#19
Megan L Durr, Anna K Meyer, Eric J Kezirian, Mark D Mamlouk, Ilona J Frieden, Kristina W Rosbe
OBJECTIVES: To determine the prevalence of sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) symptoms among children with head and neck vascular malformations and to compare obstructive sleep apnea (OSA)-18 scores between children with head and neck vascular malformations and children with non-head and neck vascular malformations. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cohort and prospective cross-sectional studies METHODS: Forty-three pediatric subjects with head and neck vascular malformations evaluated at a tertiary-care multidisciplinary vascular anomalies center were included in a retrospective cohort study...
January 16, 2017: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088174/feasibility-and-safety-of-dilatational-tracheotomy-using-the-rigid-endoscope-a-multicenter-study
#20
Andreas Nowak, Peter Kern, Sven Koscielny, Taras I Usichenko, Klaus Hahnenkamp, Markus Jungehülsing, Matthias Tittel, Jens Oeken, Eckart Klemm
BACKGROUND: Fiberoptic tracheo-bronchoscopy is the most commonly used procedure for percutaneous dilational tracheotomy (PDT). However, PDT can be associated with major complications, including death. Furthermore it is unclear, whether the tracheal ring fractures may contribute to the development of tracheal stenosis after PDT nor whether tracheal ring fractures can be prevented by using a rigid endoscope for this procedure. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the feasibility of and the incidence of complications for PDT using the rigid tracheotomy endoscope (TED)...
January 14, 2017: BMC Anesthesiology
keyword
keyword
11617
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"