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Tracheotomy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093768/short-term-and-long-term-follow-up-of-pulmonary-function-in-patients-with-copd-after-total-laryngectomy-a-prospective-study
#1
Charlotte Schönwald, Maria Isabel Körber, Dirk Beutner, Roman Pfister, Konrad Frank, Orlando Guntinas-Lichius, Guido Michels
OBJECTIVE: There exists no standardized method for examining lung function in laryngectomized patients. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: We established a base plate adapter (BPA) system for patients after laryngectomy. In 10 patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), we evaluated pulmonary function before laryngectomy, as well as 2 weeks and 3 months after laryngectomy. RESULTS: The BPA system was well tolerated and delivered reliable results comparable to measurements with a mouthpiece...
January 17, 2017: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092114/sleep-disordered-breathing-in-pediatric-head-and-neck-vascular-malformations
#2
Megan L Durr, Anna K Meyer, Eric J Kezirian, Mark D Mamlouk, Ilona J Frieden, Kristina W Rosbe
OBJECTIVES: To determine the prevalence of sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) symptoms among children with head and neck vascular malformations and to compare obstructive sleep apnea (OSA)-18 scores between children with head and neck vascular malformations and children with non-head and neck vascular malformations. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cohort and prospective cross-sectional studies METHODS: Forty-three pediatric subjects with head and neck vascular malformations evaluated at a tertiary-care multidisciplinary vascular anomalies center were included in a retrospective cohort study...
January 16, 2017: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088174/feasibility-and-safety-of-dilatational-tracheotomy-using-the-rigid-endoscope-a-multicenter-study
#3
Andreas Nowak, Peter Kern, Sven Koscielny, Taras I Usichenko, Klaus Hahnenkamp, Markus Jungehülsing, Matthias Tittel, Jens Oeken, Eckart Klemm
BACKGROUND: Fiberoptic tracheo-bronchoscopy is the most commonly used procedure for percutaneous dilational tracheotomy (PDT). However, PDT can be associated with major complications, including death. Furthermore it is unclear, whether the tracheal ring fractures may contribute to the development of tracheal stenosis after PDT nor whether tracheal ring fractures can be prevented by using a rigid endoscope for this procedure. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the feasibility of and the incidence of complications for PDT using the rigid tracheotomy endoscope (TED)...
January 14, 2017: BMC Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079660/anesthetic-management-of-a-child-with-jeune-syndrome-for-tracheotomy-a-case-report
#4
Masakazu Kotoda, Tadahiko Ishiyama, Katsumi Okuyama, Takashi Matsukawa
Jeune syndrome is a rare autosomal-recessive skeletal disorder. Anesthetic management of these patients is often difficult because of thoracic and lung hypoplasia. A 5-month-old boy with Jeune syndrome was scheduled to undergo a tracheotomy. Despite 5-minute preoxygenation with continuous positive airway pressure, the patient's oxygen saturation rapidly dropped during the induction of anesthesia. The continuous positive airway pressure should have been titrated to effective tidal volume during preoxygenation to recruit the patient's functional residual capacity and to prevent desaturation...
January 11, 2017: A & A Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069269/clinical-considerations-for-blunt-laryngotracheal-trauma-in-children
#5
REVIEW
Jeffrey Cheng, Matthew Cooper, Elisabeth Tracy
OBJECTIVE: Systematic review of blunt pediatric laryngeal and tracheal trauma and development of proposed evaluation and management strategy. STUDY DESIGN: Systematic review and proposed clinical consideration algorithm. DATA SOURCES: PubMed, EMBASE, Web of Science, and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials. REVIEW METHODS: A medical librarian was utilized. RESULTS: 329 titles and abstracts were identified, and 50 reports were included...
December 30, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027175/surgical-management-of-duplication-of-the-pituitary-gland-plus-syndrome-with-epignathus-cleft-palate-duplication-of-mandible-and-lobulated-tongue
#6
Tadahide Noguchi, Tomoko Sugiyama, Ken-Ichi Sasaguri, Shigeru Ono, Kosaku Maeda, Hiroshi Nishino, Yoshinori Jinbu, Yoshiyuki Mori
A 1-day-old male infant was referred to our department for evaluation of multiple malformations in his oral cavity. He was diagnosed duplication of the pituitary gland-plus syndrome with epignathus, cleft palate, duplication of the mandible, and a lobulated tongue. A thumb-sized mass lesion was visible on the hard palate. The duplicated mandible and lower lip was fused at the midline. The alveolar ridge was protruding through a wide-cleft soft palate involving the uvula. Further examination showed a lobulated tongue, which was seen behind the duplicated part of the mandible...
December 23, 2016: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018810/transmediastinal-trachea-closure-after-dilational-tracheotomy-positioned-too-low-down
#7
Andreas Kirschbaum, Tanja Maier, Afsin Teymoortash
Dilational tracheotomy is a minimally invasive method that can be performed at the bedside on patients requiring long-term mechanical ventilation. In our 70-year-old male patient, percutaneous dilational tracheotomy (Ciaglia Blue Rhino, Cook Medical Inc., Bloomington, Indiana, United States) was performed because of bilateral pneumonia with sepsis. There were no initial problems. Nine days later, while the patient was being repositioned, the tracheal cannula became dislocated. Despite extending the cervical incision it was not possible to recannulate...
December 2016: Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgeon Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28006951/influence-of-external-subglottic-air-flow-on-dysphagic-tracheotomized-patients-with-severe-brain-injury
#8
Mohit Kothari, Katje Bjerrum, Lars Hedemann Nielsen, Jim Jensen, Jørgen Feldbæk Nielsen
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine if external subglottic air flow (ESAF) influences swallowing frequency in severely dysphagic tracheotomized patients with brain injury. METHODS: Ten patients were recruited at the neurological intensive care unit. The ESAF intervention was provided through the standard cuffed suction aid tracheotomy tube, which primarily is used to suction residual secretion volume from the subglottic area. Sessions were 150 minutes, and ESAF was provided at 60-65, 90-95, and 120-125 minutes at 3 L/min...
December 1, 2016: Annals of Otology, Rhinology, and Laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28004263/transoral-robotic-surgery-for-the-pediatric-head-and-neck-surgeries
#9
Evren Erkul, Umamaheswar Duvvuri, Deepak Mehta, Utku Aydil
Pediatric robotic surgery is a relatively new technology that has been shown to be safe and feasible for a number of pediatric procedures. Our literature analysis was performed using Pubmed database between January 2005 and December 2015, using key words: "robotic," "robotic surgery," "TORS," "pediatric," "children," "head and neck," and "da Vinci". We selected only publications in English. Eight published reports met the selection criteria. We totally found 41 patients, and the age range was between 2 months and 19 years...
December 21, 2016: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27990114/sparing-surgery-for-the-successful-treatment-of-thyroid-papillary-carcinoma-invading-the-trachea-a-case-report
#10
Denis Kulbakin, Timofey Chekalkin, Marat Muhamedov, Evgeniy Choynzonov, Ji-Hoon Kang, Seung-Baik Kang, Victor Gunther
Published reports on salvage treatment for trachea reconstruction after total thyroidectomy or partial tracheotomy are available, some of them using structures of the trachea itself, auricular cartilage, a musculocutaneous flap, or other methods. In our report, we emphasize the importance of a search for a new material and approach for sparing surgery. The purpose of this article is to describe a case of a successful sparing surgery in a patient with advanced thyroid papillary carcinoma invading the trachea...
September 2016: Case Reports in Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27984449/operative-treatment-of-rib-fractures-in-flail-chest-injuries-a-meta-analysis-and-cost-effectiveness-analysis
#11
Eric Swart, Joseph Laratta, Gerard Slobogean, Samir Mehta
OBJECTIVES: Flail chest is a common injury sustained by patients who suffer from high energy blunt chest trauma, and results in severe respiratory compromise due to altered mechanics of respiration. There has been increased interest in operative fixation of these injuries with the intention of restoring the mechanical integrity of the chest wall, and several studies have shown that ventilation requirements and pulmonary complications may be decreased with operative intervention. The purpose of this study was to evaluate fixation of rib fractures in flail chest injuries using cost effectiveness analysis, supported by systematic review and meta-analysis...
November 16, 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27975019/usefulness-of-the-clavien-dindo-classification-in-understanding-the-limitations-and-indications-of-larynx-preserving-esophageal-reconstruction
#12
Hiroki Umezawa, Junichi Nakao, Takeshi Matsutani, Hiroaki Kuwahara, Marie Taga, Rei Ogawa
BACKGROUND: The Clavien-Dindo (CD) classification is used to evaluate the severity of surgical complications. However, its usefulness in esophageal reconstruction has not been reported. To address this, this case series study used the CD classification to evaluate the complications after cervical esophageal reconstruction with free jejunum transfer or supercharged pedicled intestinal transfer. METHODS: All consecutive patients who underwent esophageal cancer surgery with larynx-preserving free jejunum or pedicled ileocolic transfer in June 2012-December 2015 were identified...
November 2016: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Global Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27973931/anesthetic-management-of-a-patient-with-emanuel-syndrome
#13
Masanori Tsukamoto, Takashi Hitosugi, Kanako Esaki, Takeshi Yokoyama
Emanuel syndrome is associated with supernumerary chromosome, which consists of the extra genetic material from chromosome 11 and 22. The frequency of this syndrome has been reported as 1 in 110,000. It is a rare anomaly associated with multiple systemic malformations such as micrognathia and congenital heart disease. In addition, patients with Emanuel syndrome may have seizure disorders. We experienced anesthetic management of a patient with Emanuel syndrome who underwent palatoplasty. This patient had received tracheotomy due to micrognathia...
2016: Anesthesia Progress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27940720/should-neonatologists-give-opinions-withdrawing-life-sustaining-treatment
#14
J S Blumenthal-Barby, Laura Loftis, Christy L Cummings, William Meadow, Monica Lemmon, Peter A Ubel, Laurence McCullough, Emily Rao, John D Lantos
An infant has a massive intracranial hemorrhage. She is neurologically devastated and ventilator-dependent. The prognosis for pulmonary or neurologic recovery is bleak. The physicians and parents face a choice: withdraw the ventilator and allow her to die or perform a tracheotomy? The parents cling to hope for recovery. The physician must decide how blunt to be in communicating his own opinions and recommendations. Should the physician try to give just the facts? Or should he also make a recommendation based on his own values? In this article, experts in neonatology, decision-making, and bioethics discuss this situation and the choice that the physician faces...
December 2016: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27929605/nasopharyngeal-airway-to-prevent-tension-pneumocephalus-after-open-resection-of-anterior-skull-base-tumors
#15
Matthew E Spector, Jon-Paul Pepper, Stephen Sullivan, Lawrence Marentette, Erin McKean
We conducted a retrospective study to assess the efficacy of using a nasopharyngeal airway in lieu of a tracheotomy or prolonged intubation for the diversion of airflow to prevent tension pneumocephalus after an open resection of anterior skull base tumors. Our study population was made up of 120 patients-74 males and 46 females, aged 12 to 84 years (mean: 48.7)-who had undergone an anterior skull base resection with documented nasopharyngeal airway placement from 1996 through 2009. Our main outcome measure was the presence of tension pneumocephalus while controlling for the placement of a lumbar drain, the development of a cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leak, and the type of reconstruction...
December 2016: Ear, Nose, & Throat Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27929384/noninvasive-treatment-of-acquired-subglottic-stenosis
#16
Kayhan Ozturk, Omer Erdur, Fuad Sofiyev, Ibrahim Ozkan Onal, Ali Annagur
A 23-day-old infant referred to the neonatal intensive care unit with difficulty breathing and inspiratory stridor increasing with exercise. Medical history included a cardiothoracic surgery for transposition of the great arteries, patent ductus arteriosus, atrial septal defect, and a history of intensive care unit from surgery. Flexible fiberoptic transnasal laryngoscopy revealed subglottic stenosis that was probably caused by prolonged intubation with a higher airway pressure. Computed tomographic scan of the neck showed a tiny stenosis without cartilage deformity and limited in subglottic region...
July 2016: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27927010/the-phonetic-characteristics-in-patients-of-bilateral-vocal-fold-paralysis-without-tracheotomy
#17
Yong Tae Hong, Min Ju Park, Yu Jeong Shin, Phan Huu Ngoc Minh, Ki Hwan Hong
Objectives: Patients with bilateral vocal fold paralysis (BVFP) theoretically have difficulty producing voiceless consonants. However, perceptual studies have revealed clear production of voiceless consonants with good articulation scores in nontracheostomized patients. The purpose of this study was to clarify the production of voiceless stops during articulation in patients with BVFP compared to normal speakers. Methods: The perceptual, acoustic, and aerodynamic characteristics of patients with BVFP and those with normal speech were investigated with special reference to voiceless stop consonants...
November 17, 2016: Clinical and Experimental Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924518/application-of-paclitaxel-as-adjuvant-treatment-for-benign-cicatricial-airway-stenosis
#18
Xiao-Jian Qiu, Jie Zhang, Juan Wang, Yu-Ling Wang, Min Xu
Benign cicatricial airway stenosis (BCAS) is a potentially life-threatening disease. Recurrence occurs frequently after endoscopic treatment. Paclitaxel is known to prevent restenosis, but its clinical efficacy and safety is undetermined. Therefore, in this study, we investigated the efficacy and associated complications of paclitaxel as adjuvant treatment for BCAS of different etiologies. The study cohort included 28 patients with BCAS resulting from tuberculosis, intubation, tracheotomy, and other etiologies...
December 2016: Journal of Huazhong University of Science and Technology. Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913720/presentation-and-management-of-giant-fibrovascular-polyps-of-the-hypopharynx-and-esophagus
#19
Julina Ongkasuwan, C Lane Anzalone, Esperanza Salazar, Donald T Donovan
OBJECTIVE: Fibrovascular polyps of the hypopharynx and esophagus are rare, with few case reports in the literature. In this article, we present our institutional experience with a focus on airway and surgical management. STUDY DESIGN: Case series. SETTING: Tertiary academic institution. METHODS: A retrospective review was conducted of 4 patients that presented to a tertiary medical center with fibrovascular polyps between 1990 and 2012...
January 2017: Annals of Otology, Rhinology, and Laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896375/-extracorporeal-co2-removal-as-an-alternative-to-tracheotomy-in-a%C3%A2-patient-with-extubation-failure
#20
A Redel, M Ritzka, S Kraus, A Philipp, H-J Schlitt, B Graf, T Bein
We report a patient with chest trauma who was admitted to the ICU after surgery. As he fulfilled protocol-based criteria, he was extubated 7 days after admission. However, despite intermittent non-invasive ventilation, the patient had to be re-intubated on day 10 owing to progressive hypercapnia. We decided to support the patient with a mid-flow veno-venous extracorporeal carbon dioxide removal (ECCO2‑R) system instead of a tracheotomy. Sufficient CO2 removal was established with a blood flow of 1.5 l/min and the patient was successfully extubated within a few hours...
December 2016: Der Anaesthesist
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