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Disability assessment

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214668/diabetes-and-disability-in-older-australians-the-australian-diabetes-obesity-and-lifestyle-ausdiab-study
#1
Digsu N Koye, Jonathan E Shaw, Dianna J Magliano
AIMS: To examine the association between diabetes and disability in older Australians and to identify factors that explain this association. METHODS: We analysed data from a subsample of the Australian Diabetes, Obesity and Lifestyle study (AusDiab) cohort. Disability was measured using the Katz questionnaire in those aged 60years or over and was defined as some difficulty in any of the Katz activities of daily living (ADL) questions. RESULTS: Among 2373 study participants aged 60years or above who had a disability assessment at the third wave of follow-up (2011-12), 255 (11%) reported at least some disability...
February 7, 2017: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214596/early-non-response-to-certolizumab-pegol-in-rheumatoid-arthritis-predicts-treatment-failure-at-one-year-data-from-a-randomised-phase-iii-clinical-trial
#2
Francis Berenbaum, Thao Pham, Pascal Claudepierre, Thibault de Chalus, Jean-Michel Joubert, Carine Saadoun, Lionel Riou França, Bruno Fautrel
OBJECTIVES: To compare different early clinical criteria of non-response determined at three months as predictors of clinical failure at one year in patients with rheumatoid arthritis starting therapy with certolizumab pegol. METHODS: Data were derived from a randomised Phase III clinical trial in patients with rheumatoid arthritis who failed to respond to methotrexate monotherapy. Patients included in this post-hoc analysis were treated with certolizumab pegol (400mg qd reduced to 200mg qd after one month) and with methotrexate...
February 15, 2017: Joint, Bone, Spine: Revue du Rhumatisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214086/a-retrospective-study-of-epidural-and-intravenous-steroids-after-percutaneous-endoscopic-lumbar-discectomy-for-large-lumbar-disc-herniation
#3
Yang Zhang, Xin-Jian Yang, Teng-Hui Zeng, Yi-Yan Qiu, Yi-Tian Wang, Fei-Guo Liang
OBJECTIVE: To assess the early curative effect of epidural or intravenous administration of steroids during a percutaneous endoscopic lumbar discectomy (PELD). METHODS: 28 consecutive patients who underwent PELD due to large lumbar disc herniation between November 2014 and January 2016 were followed up for 6 months. These patients were divided into two groups according to the treatment they received after PELD. 14 patients (Group A) were treated by PELD and epidural steroids, while the other 14 patients (Group B) were treated by PELD and intravenous steroids...
January 20, 2017: Chinese Journal of Traumatology, Zhonghua Chuang Shang za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214014/controlling-the-digital-ulcerative-disease-in-systemic-sclerosis-is-associated-with-improved-hand-function
#4
Luc Mouthon, Patrick H Carpentier, Catherine Lok, Pierre Clerson, Virginie Gressin, Eric Hachulla, Alice Bérezné, Elisabeth Diot, Aurélie Khau Van Kien, Patrick Jego, Christian Agard, Anne-Bénédicte Duval-Modeste, Agnès Sparsa, Eve Puzenat, Marie-Aleth Richard
OBJECTIVES: Ischemic digital ulcers (DU) represent a major complication of systemic sclerosis (SSc). We investigated the impact of controlling the ulcerative disease on disability, pain, and quality of life in SSc patients receiving bosentan. METHODS: ECLIPSE (Study AC-052-517) is a 2-year prospective, multicenter, and observational study. Patients with SSc who experienced at least 1 DU in the previous year and received bosentan were included between October 2009 and March 2011...
January 13, 2017: Seminars in Arthritis and Rheumatism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213874/disease-burden-of-human-papillomavirus-infection-in-the-netherlands-1989-2014-the-gap-between-females-and-males-is-diminishing
#5
Scott A McDonald, Venetia Qendri, Johannes Berkhof, Hester E de Melker, Johannes A Bogaards
PURPOSE: Besides cervical cancer, HPV infection is linked to a multitude of diseases in both males and females, suggesting that vaccination programmes should be re-evaluated, with a judicious assessment made of the disease burden stratified by sex, age, and genotype. Projections of burden into the near future are also needed to provide a benchmark for evaluating the impact of vaccination programmes, and to assess the need for scaling-up preventive measures. METHODS: Using the disability-adjusted life-years (DALY) measure, we estimated the total HPV-associated disease burden in the Netherlands...
February 17, 2017: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213829/onabotulinumtoxina-effectiveness-on-chronic-migraine-negative-emotional-states-and-sleep-quality-a-single-center-prospective-cohort-study
#6
Elif Ilgaz Aydinlar, Pinar Yalinay Dikmen, Seda Kosak, Ayse Sagduyu Kocaman
BACKGROUND: OnabotulinumtoxinA (OnabotA) is considered effective in in patients with chronic migraine (CM) who failed on traditional therapies. This study was designed to evaluate the effect of OnabotA injection series on migraine outcome, negative emotional states and sleep quality in patients with CM. METHODS: A total of 190 patients with CM (mean (SD) age: 39.3 (10.2) years; 87.9% were female) were included. Data on Pittsburgh sleep quality index (PSQI), headache frequency and severity, number of analgesics used, Migraine Disability Assessment Scale...
December 2017: Journal of Headache and Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211980/constitutional-bone-impairment-in-noonan-syndrome
#7
Giuseppina Baldassarre, Alessandro Mussa, Diana Carli, Cristina Molinatto, Giovanni Battista Ferrero
Noonan syndrome (NS) is an autosomal dominant trait characterized by genotypic and phenotypic variability. It belongs to the Ras/MAPK pathway disorders collectively named Rasopathies or neurocardiofaciocutaneous syndromes. Phenotype is characterized by short stature, congenital heart defects, facial dysmorphisms, skeletal and ectodermal anomalies, cryptorchidism, mild to moderate developmental delay/learning disability, and tumor predisposition. Short stature and skeletal dysmorphisms are almost constant and several studies hypothesized a role for the RAS pathway in regulating bone metabolism...
March 2017: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211842/assessment-of-upper-limb-musculoskeletal-pain-and-posture-in-workers-of-packaging-units-of-pharmaceutical-industries
#8
Yasser Labbafinejad, Hossein Danesh, Zahra Imanizade
BACKGROUND: Work-related musculoskeletal disorders are defined as the disabling or painful injury to the muscles, nerves or tendons that are caused by work or aggravated by it. Some studies confirm the association between working in packaging units in various industries and the pain in the upper limb, but also there are controversies about the possible risk factors among different working populations. OBJECTIVE: The present study aims to define the potential ergonomic risk factors for musculoskeletal pain in the upper limb...
February 17, 2017: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211825/multiple-mediation-path-model-of-pain-s-cascading-influence-on-physical-disability-in%C3%A2-individuals-with-sci-from-colombia-south-america
#9
Paul B Perrin, Alejandra Morlett Paredes, Silvia Leonor Olivera, Juan Esteban Lozano, Wendy Tatiana Leal, Usman F Ahmad, Juan Carlos Arango-Lasprilla
BACKGROUND: Research has begun to document the bivariate connections between pain in individuals with spinal cord injury (SCI) and various aspects of health related quality of life (HRQOL), such as fatigue, social functioning, mental health, and physical functioning. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to construct and test a theoretical path model illuminating the stage-wise and sequential (cascading) HRQOL pathways through which pain increases physical disability in individuals with SCI in a sample from Colombia, South America...
February 13, 2017: NeuroRehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211821/progressive-intervention-strategy-for-the-gait-of-sub-acute-stroke-patient-using-the-international-classification-of-functioning-disability-and-health-tool
#10
Tae-Woo Kang, Heon-Seok Cynn
BACKGROUND: The International Classification of Functioning, Disability, and Health (ICF) provides models for functions and disabilities. The ICF is presented as a frame that enables organizing physical therapists' clinical practice for application. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the present study was to describe processes through which stroke patients are assessed and treated based on the ICF model. METHODS: The patient was a 65-year-old female diagnosed with right cerebral artery infarction with left hemiparesis...
February 15, 2017: NeuroRehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211304/granisetron-and-carvedilol-can-protect-experimental-rats-againstadjuvant-induced-arthritis
#11
Yasmin Moustafa Ahmed, Basim Anwar Shehata Messiha, Ali Ahmed Abo-Saif
CONTEXT: Rheumatoid arthritis (RA), a disabling autoimmune disorder of the joints as well as other organs, affects about 1% of population. Unfortunately, all current treatments of RA cause severe gastrointestinal, renal and other complications. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to evaluate the possible antiarthritic effects of a serotonin 5-HT3 receptor blocker, granisetron, and a nonselective adrenergic receptor blocker, carvedilol, on complete Freund's adjuvant-induced RA in adult female albino rats...
April 2017: Immunopharmacology and Immunotoxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211175/systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-the-association-of-autism-spectrum-disorder-in-visually-or-hearing-impaired-children
#12
Belinda Do, Paige Lynch, Elena-Marie Macris, Brianna Smyth, Stephanie Stavrinakis, Stephen Quinn, Paul A Constable
PURPOSE: To determine whether there is an association with a congenital visual or hearing impairment (VI or HI) and Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) in children. METHODS: A systematic literature review was performed using nine relevant databases limited to peer reviewed articles in English between 1994 and January 2016. The search identified 1248 articles after duplicates were removed with subsequent screening of the abstracts excluding a further 1199, resulting in 49 full-text articles that were then independently assessed by five of the authors with a final 15 articles meeting the inclusion criteria...
March 2017: Ophthalmic & Physiological Optics: the Journal of the British College of Ophthalmic Opticians (Optometrists)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210872/responsiveness-and-minimum-important-change-of-the-oswestry-disability-index-in-italian-subjects-with-symptomatic-lumbar-spondylolisthesis
#13
Carla Vanti, Silvano Ferrari, Jorge Hugo Villafañe, Pedro Berjano, Marco Monticone
BACKGROUND: This study aims to investigate the responsiveness and the minimum important change of the Italian version of the Oswestry Disability Index (ODI-I) in subjects with symptomatic specific low back pain associated with lumbar spondylolisthesis (SPL). MATERIALS AND METHODS: One hundred and fifty-one patients with symptomatic SPL completed the ODI-I, a 0-100 numerical rating scale (NRS), and performed the prone and supine bridge tests. The global perception of effectiveness was measured with a 7-point Likert scale...
February 16, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology: Official Journal of the Italian Society of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210860/a-heat-vulnerability-index-to-improve-urban-public-health-management-in-san-juan-puerto-rico
#14
Pablo Méndez-Lázaro, Frank E Muller-Karger, Daniel Otis, Matthew J McCarthy, Ernesto Rodríguez
Increased frequency and length of high heat episodes are leading to more cardiovascular issues and asthmatic responses among the population of San Juan, the capital of the island of Puerto Rico, USA. An urban heat island effect, which leads to foci of higher temperatures in some urban areas, can raise heat-related mortality. The objective of this research is to map the risk of high temperature in particular locations by creating heat maps of the city of San Juan. The heat vulnerability index (HVI) maps were developed using images collected by satellite-based remote sensing combined with census data...
February 17, 2017: International Journal of Biometeorology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210859/effectiveness-of-peloid-therapy-in-carpal-tunnel-syndrome-a-randomized-controlled-single-blind-study
#15
Burcu Metin Ökmen, Meliha Kasapoğlu Aksoy, Aygül Güneş, Riza Eröksüz, Lale Altan
Carpal tunnel syndrome(CTS) is the most common neuromuscular cause of upper extremity disability. We aimed to investigate the effectiveness of peloid therapy in patients with CTS. This randomized, controlled, single-blind study enrolled 70 patients between the ages of 30 to 65 who had a diagnosis of either mild, mild-to-moderate, or moderate CTS. The patients were randomized into two groups using random number table. In the first group, (Group 1)(n = 35), patients were given splint (every night for 6 weeks) + peloid treatment(five consecutive days a week for 2 weeks) and in the second group, (Group 2)(n = 28), patients received splint treatment(every night for 6 weeks) alone...
February 16, 2017: International Journal of Biometeorology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210038/the-reliability-and-validity-of-the-korean-version-of-the-foot-function-index-for-patients-with-foot-complaints
#16
Tae-Sung In, Jin-Hwa Jung, Keunjo Kim, Kyoung-Sim Jung, Hwi-Young Cho
[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to establish the reliability and validity of the Foot Function Index translated into Korean for use in patients with plantar fasciitis and foot/ankle fracture. [Subjects and Methods] Thirty-six subjects with foot complaints, 14 males and 22 females, participated in the study. Reliability was determined by using the intra-class correlation coefficient and Cronbach's alpha for internal consistency. Validity was examined by correlating Foot Function Index scores with the Short Form-36 and the Visual Analog Scale scores...
January 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209505/botulinum-toxin-treatment-for-nocturnal-calf-cramps-in-patients-with-lumbar-spinal-stenosis-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#17
Sang Jun Park, Kyung Bong Yoon, Duck Mi Yoon, Shin Hyung Kim
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the clinical effectiveness of botulinum toxin (BTX) injection into the gastrocnemius muscles in lumbar spinal stenosis (LSS) patients with frequent nocturnal calf cramps (NCCs) DESIGN: Prospective randomized clinical trial SETTING: Outpatient department for interventional pain management. PARTICIPANTS: Fifty LSS patients with a frequency of NCCs ≥ once per week were enrolled. INTERVENTION: Patients were randomly allocated to receive either conservative treatments plus gabapentin (Group GPN) or BTX injection (Group BTX)...
February 13, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209373/cost-utility-of-first-line-disease-modifying-treatments-for-relapsing-remitting-multiple-sclerosis
#18
Erkki Soini, Jaana Joutseno, Marja-Liisa Sumelahti
PURPOSE: This study evaluated the cost-effectiveness of first-line treatments of relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (RRMS) (dimethyl fumarate [DMF] 240 mg PO BID, teriflunomide 14 mg once daily, glatiramer acetate 20 mg SC once daily, interferon [IFN]-β1a 44 µg TIW, IFN-β1b 250 µg EOD, and IFN-β1a 30 µg IM QW) and best supportive care (BSC) in the health care payer setting in Finland. METHODS: The primary outcome was the modeled incremental cost-effectiveness ratio (ICER; €/quality-adjusted life-year [QALY] gained, 3%/y discounting)...
February 13, 2017: Clinical Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208956/a-comprehensive-study-of-internal-distraction-plating-an-alternative-method-for-distal-radius-fractures
#19
Mohit J Jain, Kinjal J Mavani
INTRODUCTION: The management of highly comminuted distal radius fractures still remains a major treatment challenge. Articular comminution and compromised bone quality are the culprits. One novel approach is the technique of Internal Distraction Plating which involves "bridging" the fracture with the use of a standard 3.5mm plate applied dorsally in distraction from the radius, proximal to the fracture, to the long finger metacarpal distally, bypassing the comminuted segment. The plate is removed once fracture union has been achieved...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208878/a-study-of-medication-compliance-in-geriatric-patients-with-chronic-illnesses-at-a-tertiary-care-hospital
#20
R Shruthi, R Jyothi, H P Pundarikaksha, G N Nagesh, T J Tushar
INTRODUCTION: Geriatric population is more prone for various chronic and recurrent illnesses like diabetes mellitus, hypertension, IHD, arthritic, neurodegenerative, gastrointestinal, ocular, genitourinary, respiratory disorders etc., which may require chronic medication with multiple drugs. Poor compliance in this age group accounts for medication wastage with increased cost of healthcare and substantial worsening of the disease with disability or death. Most of the human and economic costs associated with non adherence can be avoided by improving medication adherence...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
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