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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236075/risks-and-benefits-of-increased-nut-consumption-cardiovascular-health-benefits-outweigh-the-burden-of-carcinogenic-effects-attributed-to-aflatoxin-b%C3%A2-exposure
#1
Hanna Eneroth, Stina Wallin, Karin Leander, Johan Nilsson Sommar, Agneta Åkesson
Nuts are rich in nutrients and mounting evidence shows that consumption reduces cardiovascular disease (CVD) incidence. Nuts may also be a major source of aflatoxin B₁, a potent liver carcinogen and the risk/benefit balance is unknown. Based on national statistics and data from the PREDIMED intervention trial, we estimated the potential CVD-reduction if Swedes aged 55-79 consumed 30 g nuts/day, instead of the current national average of five grams per day. We also assessed the reduction in disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) due to myocardial infarction (MI) and stroke...
December 13, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234826/mental-health-impact-of-social-capital-interventions-a-systematic-review
#2
Elaine C Flores, Daniela C Fuhr, Angela M Bayer, Andres G Lescano, Nicki Thorogood, Victoria Simms
PURPOSE: Mental disorders are a major contributor to the global burden of disease and disability, and can be extremely costly at both individual and community level. Social capital, (SC) defined as an individual's social relationships and participation in community networks, may lower the risk of mental disorders while increasing resilience capacity, adaptation and recovery. SC interventions may be a cost-effective way of preventing and ameliorating these conditions. However, the impact of these SC interventions on mental health still needs research...
December 12, 2017: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234651/dorsal-capsulodesis-associated-with-arthoscopy-assisted-scapholunate-ligament-reconstruction-using-a-palmaris-longus-tendon-graft
#3
Victor Bignatto Carvalho, Carlos Henrique Vieira Ferreira, Andresa Ramires Hoshino, Viviane Alves Bernardo, Gustavo Mantovani Ruggiero, Márcio Aurélio Aita
Objectives: To measure the quality of life, the time to work return, and clinical, functional, and radiographic parameters of patients treated with dorsal capsulodesis associated with scapholunate (SL) reconstruction, assisted by arthroscopy. Methods: From January 2015 to September 2016, 14 adult patients with SL dissociation underwent surgical treatment with the SL reconstruction procedure assisted by arthroscopy, using the new technique proposed in this study...
November 2017: Revista Brasileira de Ortopedia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234555/spinal-and-peripheral-dry-needling-versus-peripheral-dry-needling-alone-among-individuals-with-a-history-of-lateral-ankle-sprain-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#4
Ainsley Rossi, Sara Blaustein, Joshua Brown, Kari Dieffenderfer, Elaine Ervin, Steven Griffin, Elizabeth Frierson, Kathleen Geist, Marie Johanson
Background: In addition to established interventions, dry needling may reduce impairments leading to greater functional abilities for individuals following ankle sprain. Hypothesis/Purpose: The purpose of this study was to compare effects of spinal and peripheral dry needling (DN) with peripheral DN alone on impairments and functional performance among individuals with a history of lateral ankle sprain. Study Design: Randomized controlled trial...
December 2017: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234493/what-are-the-risks-of-manual-treatment-of-the-spine-a-scoping-review-for-clinicians
#5
REVIEW
Gabrielle Swait, Rob Finch
Background: Communicating to patients the risks of manual treatment to the spine is an important, but challenging element of informed consent. This scoping review aimed to characterise and summarise the available literature on risks and to describe implications for clinical practice and research. Method: A methodological framework for scoping reviews was followed. Systematic searches were conducted during June 2017. The quantity, nature and sources of literature were described...
2017: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234305/functional-components-of-cognitive-impairment-in-multiple-sclerosis-a-cross-sectional-investigation
#6
Jordi A Matias-Guiu, Ana Cortés-Martínez, María Valles-Salgado, Celia Oreja-Guevara, Vanesa Pytel, Paloma Montero, Teresa Moreno-Ramos, Jorge Matias-Guiu
Background: Cognitive impairment is frequent and disabling in multiple sclerosis (MS). Changes in information processing speed constitute the most important cognitive deficit in MS. However, given the clinical and topographical variability of the disease, cognitive impairment may vary greatly and appear in other forms in addition to slower information processing speed. Our aim was to determine the frequency of cognitive impairment, the principal cognitive domains, and components involved in MS and to identify factors associated with presence of cognitive impairment in these patients in a large series of patients...
2017: Frontiers in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233804/end-user-and-implementer-experiences-of-mhealth-technologies-for-noncommunicable-chronic-disease-management-in-young-adults-systematic-review
#7
REVIEW
Helen Slater, Jared M Campbell, Jennifer N Stinson, Megan M Burley, Andrew M Briggs
BACKGROUND: Chronic noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) such as asthma, diabetes, cancer, and persistent musculoskeletal pain impose an escalating and unsustainable burden on young people, their families, and society. Exploring how mobile health (mHealth) technologies can support management for young people with NCDs is imperative. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to identify, appraise, and synthesize available qualitative evidence on users' experiences of mHealth technologies for NCD management in young people...
December 12, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233615/diet-quality-inflammation-and-quality-of-life-in-breast-cancer-survivors-a-cross-sectional-analysis-of-pilot-study-data
#8
Tonya S Orchard, Rebecca R Andridge, Lisa D Yee, Maryam B Lustberg
BACKGROUND: Modifiable lifestyle factors, such as diet quality, could reduce inflammation and improve quality of life (QOL) in breast cancer survivors, but data are inconclusive. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether diet quality, as measured by Healthy Eating Index-2010 (HEI-2010) score, is associated with inflammation, health status, or functional outcomes affecting QOL in survivors of early-stage breast cancer. DESIGN: This is a cross-sectional, secondary analysis of baseline data collected from breast cancer survivors after completion of primary therapy and before random assignment to a pilot nutritional intervention aimed at reducing side effects of aromatase inhibitor treatment...
December 9, 2017: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233164/upper-thoracic-spine-mobilization-and-mobility-exercise-versus-upper-cervical-spine-mobilization-and-stabilization-exercise-in-individuals-with-forward-head-posture-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#9
Juchul Cho, Eunsang Lee, Seungwon Lee
BACKGROUND: Although upper cervical and upper thoracic spine mobilization plus therapeutic exercises are common interventions for the management of forward head posture (FHP), no study has directly compared the effectiveness of cervical spine mobilization and stabilization exercise with that of thoracic spine mobilization and mobility exercise in individuals with FHP. METHODS: Thirty-two participants with FHP were randomized into the cervical group or the thoracic group...
December 12, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233002/social-participation-following-a-stroke-an-assessment-in-accordance-with-the-international-classification-of-functioning-disability-and-health
#10
Soraia Micaela Silva, João Carlos Ferrari Corrêa, Gabriela Santos Pereira, Fernanda Ishida Corrêa
OBJECTIVE: Evaluate, code and qualify the participation of Brazilian stroke survivors based on the international classification of functioning, disability and health (ICF) and identify predictors of post-stroke participation. METHODS: An exploratory, observational, cross-sectional study was conducted involving 78 individuals with hemiparesis stemming from a stroke. The stroke specific quality of life (SS-QOL) was used to evaluate the participation component of the ICF...
December 13, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232884/practicing-dentists-self-efficacy-and-associated-factors-in-managing-the-treatment-of-adults-with-mental-and-physical-disabilities-an-exploratory-cross-sectional-study-in-riyadh-saudi-arabia
#11
Sakher AlQahtani, Ebtissam Zakaria Murshid, Hani Talal Fadel, Saba Kassim
Background: Provision of oral healthcare to adults with mental and physical disabilities (AMPD) remains a challenging area across various healthcare systems. The present study aimed to assess self-reported efficacy and investigate factors associated with self-efficacy in the management of AMPD among practicing dentists in Saudi Arabia. Methods: A pilot-tested, self-administered questionnaire was distributed to a convenience sample of 1000 dentists. Descriptive and inferential analyses were performed on the collected responses...
December 11, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232769/antiparkinsonian-and-antidyskinetic-profiles-of-two-novel-potent-and-selective-nociceptin-orphanin-fq-receptor-agonists
#12
Ludovico Arcuri, Salvatore Novello, Martina Frassineti, Daniela Mercatelli, Clarissa Anna Pisanò, Ilaria Morella, Stefania Fasano, Blair V Journigan, Michael E Meyer, Willma E Polgar, Riccardo Brambilla, Nurulain T Zaveri, Michele Morari
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: We previously showed that Nociceptin/orphanin FQ opioid peptide (NOP) receptor agonists attenuate the expression of levodopa-induced dyskinesia in animal models of Parkinson's disease. We now investigate the efficacy of two novel, potent and chemically distinct NOP receptor agonists, AT-390 and AT-403, to improve parkinsonian disabilities and attenuate dyskinesia development and expression. EXPERIMENTAL APPROACH: Binding affinity and functional efficacy of AT-390 and AT-403 at the opioid receptors were determined in radioligand displacement assays and in GTPγS binding assay respectively, conducted in Chinese hamster ovary cells...
December 12, 2017: British Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232762/review-article-best-practice-management-of-low-back-pain-in-the-emergency-department-part-1-of-the-musculoskeletal-injuries-rapid-review-series
#13
REVIEW
Kirsten Strudwick, Megan McPhee, Anthony Bell, Melinda Martin-Khan, Trevor Russell
Low back pain (LBP) is a common presentation to the ED, and a frequent cause of disability globally. The ED management is often associated with high rates of imaging, misuse and overuse of pharmacology and subsequent financial implications. Given this, improved quality of care for patients with LBP in ED is essential. This rapid review investigated best practice for the assessment and management of LBP in the ED. PubMed, CINAHL, EMBASE, TRIP and the grey literature, including relevant organisational websites, were searched in 2015...
December 12, 2017: Emergency Medicine Australasia: EMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232666/validation-of-the-hebrew-version-of-the-eating-assessment-tool-10-h-eat-10
#14
Sara Abu-Ghanem, Melissa Schechter, Hanna Flesh-Eyni, Liat Litwin, Esti Makai, Yael Oestreicher-Kedem, Moshe Yehuda
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Dysphagia is a common disability with different etiologies. In order to measure dysphagia symptom severity and effects on quality of life, the Eating Assessment Tool (EAT-10) was developed and validated in the English language. We aimed to develop a Hebrew version of the EAT-10 and to evaluate its internal consistency, test-retest reliability, and validity in Hebrew-speaking adults with dysphagia. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: The Hebrew EAT-10 (H-EAT-10) questionnaire was completed by 132 patients: 56 patients with dysphagia and 76 controls...
December 12, 2017: Folia Phoniatrica et Logopaedica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232322/incidence-of-antidrug-antibodies-in-rheumatoid-arthritis-patients-from-argentina-treated-with-adalimumab-etanercept-or-infliximab-in-a-real-world-setting
#15
Pablo J Maid, Ricardo Xavier, Rosa M Real, Ron Pedersen, Qi Shen, Lisa Marshall, Gaston Solano, Cecilia Elena Borlenghi, Rodolfo Pardo Hidalgo
BACKGROUND: Biologic agents may induce immune responses that could impact drug action. OBJECTIVES: The aims of this study were to assess antidrug antibodies (ADAs) in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) from Argentina treated with etanercept, adalimumab, or infliximab at a single visit and correlate it with efficacy outcomes. METHODS: In this subset analysis of a noninterventional, multinational, cross-sectional study (NCT01981473), adult patients with RA treated continuously for 6 to 24 months with etanercept, adalimumab, or infliximab were evaluated for ADAs and trough drug concentrations of 2 days or less prior to the next scheduled dose...
December 12, 2017: Journal of Clinical Rheumatology: Practical Reports on Rheumatic & Musculoskeletal Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232320/the-impact-of-osteoarthritis-on-the-functioning-and-health-status-of-a-low-income-population-an-example-of-a-disability-paradox
#16
Jorge A Esquivel-Valerio, Wendy Marisol Orzua-de la Fuente, Brenda R Vázquez-Fuentes, Mario Alberto Garza-Elizondo, Roberto Negrete-López, Daniel O Treviño-Montes, Rebeca Thelma Martínez-Villarreal, Jaqueline Rodríguez-Amado, Ingris Peláez-Ballestas, Adalberto Loyola-Sánchez
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to measure the impact of osteoarthritis on the functioning and health status of individuals living in a low-income urban community in Mexico. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional, community-based study from December 2014 to November 2015, using the Community Oriented Program for Control of Rheumatic Diseases methodology to identify cases of musculoskeletal disease in a sample of adults older than 18 years in Pueblo Nuevo, Apodaca, Mexico...
December 12, 2017: Journal of Clinical Rheumatology: Practical Reports on Rheumatic & Musculoskeletal Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231285/co-research-with-adults-with-intellectual-disability-a-systematic-review
#17
REVIEW
Claudio Di Lorito, Alessandro Bosco, Linda Birt, Angela Hassiotis
BACKGROUND: Co-research with people with intellectual disability is a distinct form of patient and public involvement (PPI). This systematic review summarize published studies and protocols to report on the process of co-research in social and healthcare research. METHOD: Relevant studies were identified using electronic searches on ASSIA, PsycInfo and MedLine. Study quality was assessed, and information relevant to the process of working with co-researchers was extracted and thematically analysed...
December 12, 2017: Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities: JARID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231272/impact-of-fear-of-falling-and-fall-history-on-disability-incidence-among-older-adults-prospective-cohort-study
#18
Keitaro Makino, Hyuma Makizako, Takehiko Doi, Kota Tsutsumimoto, Ryo Hotta, Sho Nakakubo, Takao Suzuki, Hiroyuki Shimada
OBJECTIVE: Fear of falling (FOF) is a major health problem for older adults, present not just in fallers, but also nonfallers. This study examined the impact of FOF and fall history on disability incidence among community-dwelling older adults from a prospective cohort study. METHODS: A total of 5104 older adults living in community settings participated in baseline assessment and were followed up for about 4 years (median 52 mo, range 49-55 mo). At baseline, participants were assessed the presence of FOF and their fall history, and divided into 4 groups: Fall (-) FOF (-), Fall (+) FOF (-), Fall (-) FOF (+), and Fall (+) FOF (+)...
December 12, 2017: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231159/facet-joint-injections-for-non-specific-low-back-pain-a-feasibility-rct
#19
Saowarat Snidvongs, Rod S Taylor, Alia Ahmad, Simon Thomson, Manohar Sharma, Angela Farr, Deborah Fitzsimmons, Stephanie Poulton, Vivek Mehta, Richard Langford
BACKGROUND: Pain of lumbar facet-joint origin is a common cause of low back pain in adults and may lead to chronic pain and disability, with associated health and socioeconomic implications. The socioeconomic burden includes an inability to return to work resulting in loss of productivity in addition to direct and indirect health-care utilisation costs. Lumbar facet-joints are paired synovial joints between the superior and inferior articular processes of consecutive lumbar vertebrae and between the fifth lumbar vertebra and the sacrum...
December 2017: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230990/-analysis-of-forensic-identification-on-32-cases-of-lumbar-spondylolysis
#20
L F Tu, Y P Chen, S P Zhang
OBJECTIVES: To explore the casual relationship and the significance of identification among the injury, disease and damage consequence in the disability evaluation of lumbar spondylolysis by the standard for identifying grading of disability caused by work-related injuries. METHODS: The general data, injury manner, clinical treatment and the imaging examination of 32 lumbar spondylolysis cases were collected and retrospectively analyzed. According to the degree of participation in the injury and damage consequence, the identification and assessment of casual relationship was made, and the grading of disability was assessed...
June 2017: Fa Yi Xue za Zhi
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