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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343237/subtypes-in-clinical-burnout-patients-enrolled-in-an-employee-rehabilitation-program-differences-in-burnout-profiles-depression-and-recovery-resources-stress-balance
#1
Kathrin Bauernhofer, Daniela Bassa, Markus Canazei, Paulino Jiménez, Manuela Paechter, Ilona Papousek, Andreas Fink, Elisabeth M Weiss
BACKGROUND: Burnout is generally perceived a unified disorder with homogeneous symptomatology across people (exhaustion, cynicism, and reduced professional efficacy). However, increasing evidence points to intra-individual patterns of burnout symptoms in non-clinical samples such as students, athletes, healthy, and burned-out employees. Different burnout subtypes might therefore exist. Yet, burnout subtypes based on burnout profiles have hardly been explored in clinical patients, and the samples investigated in previous studies were rather heterogeneous including patients with various physical, psychological, and social limitations, symptoms, and disabilities...
January 17, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340006/the-impact-of-the-progressive-efficiency-test-on-a-rowing-ergometer-on-white-blood-cells-distribution-and-clinical-chemistry-changes-in-paralympic-rowers-during-the-preparatory-stage-before-the-paralympic-games-in-rio-2016-a-case-report
#2
Robert Nowak, Rafał Buryta, Krzysztof Krupecki, Tomasz Zając, Marek Zawartka, Patrizia Proia, Dorota Kostrzewa-Nowak
There is a large gap in knowledge regarding research on post-exercise blood changes in disabled athletes. There are relatively few data on adaptive mechanisms to exercise in disabled athletes, including disabled rowers. Two rowers from a Polish adaptive rowing settle TAMix2x that qualified for the Paralympic Games in Rio, 2016 took part in this study. They performed a progressive test on a rowing ergometer until exhaustion. The cardiorespiratory fitness measures, complete blood count, white blood cells' distribution and 30 clinical chemistry variables describing laboratory diagnostic profiles and general health were determined...
December 2017: Journal of Human Kinetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340004/performance-and-kinematic-differences-in-putting-between-healthy-and-disabled-elite-golfers
#3
Tomáš Gryc, Petr Stastny, František Zahálka, Wojciech Smółka, Piotr Żmijewski, Artur Gołaś, Marek Zawartka, Tomáš Malý
Golfers with disability are limited in the execution of the full golf swing, but their performance in putting may be comparable because this stroke does not demand significant strength, balance and range of motion. Therefore, the aim of this study was to compare putting performance, kinetic and kinematic consistency between golfers with different disabilities and healthy athletes. The participants consisted of three disabled athletes (perinatal cerebral palsy, multiple sclerosis, below knee lower limb amputee) and three healthy golfers (age 34 ± 4...
December 2017: Journal of Human Kinetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340001/neuromuscular-control-during-the-bench-press-movement-in-an-elite-disabled-and-able-bodied-athlete
#4
Artur Gołaś, Anna Zwierzchowska, Adam Maszczyk, Michał Wilk, Petr Stastny, Adam Zając
The disabled population varies significantly in regard to physical fitness, what is conditioned by the damage to the locomotor system. Recently there has been an increased emphasis on the role of competitive sport in enhancing health and the quality of life of individuals with disability. One of the sport disciplines of Paralympics is the flat bench press. The bench press is one of the most popular resistance exercises used for the upper body in healthy individuals. It is used not only by powerlifters, but also by athletes in most strength-speed oriented sport disciplines...
December 2017: Journal of Human Kinetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324820/incidence-and-prevalence-of-patellofemoral-pain-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#5
Benjamin E Smith, James Selfe, Damian Thacker, Paul Hendrick, Marcus Bateman, Fiona Moffatt, Michael Skovdal Rathleff, Toby O Smith, Pip Logan
BACKGROUND: Patellofemoral pain is considered one of the most common forms of knee pain, affecting adults, adolescents, and physically active populations. Inconsistencies in reported incidence and prevalence exist and in relation to the allocation of healthcare and research funding, there is a clear need to accurately understand the epidemiology of patellofemoral pain. METHODS: An electronic database search was conducted, as well as grey literature databases, from inception to June 2017...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323926/investigating-effects-of-sex-differences-and-prior-concussions-on-symptom-reporting-and-cognition-among-adolescent-soccer-players
#6
Brian L Brooks, Noah Silverberg, Bruce Maxwell, Rebekah Mannix, Ross Zafonte, Paul D Berkner, Grant L Iverson
BACKGROUND: There has been increasing concern regarding the possible effect of multiple concussions on the developing brain, especially for adolescent females. Hypothesis/Purpose: The objectives were to determine if there are differences in cognitive functioning, symptom reporting, and/or sex effects from prior concussions. In a very large sample of youth soccer players, it was hypothesized that (1) there would be no differences in cognitive test performance between those with and without prior concussions, (2) baseline preseason symptoms would be better predicted by noninjury factors than concussion history, and (3) males and females with prior concussions would not have differences in cognition or symptoms...
January 1, 2018: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29314903/national-athletic-trainers-association-position-statement-prevention-of-anterior-cruciate-ligament-injury
#7
Darin A Padua, Lindsay J DiStefano, Timothy E Hewett, William E Garrett, Stephen W Marshall, Grace M Golden, Sandra J Shultz, Susan M Sigward
OBJECTIVE:   To provide certified athletic trainers, physicians, and other health care and fitness professionals with recommendations based on current evidence regarding the prevention of noncontact and indirect-contact anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injuries in athletes and physically active individuals. BACKGROUND:   Preventing ACL injuries during sport and physical activity may dramatically decrease medical costs and long-term disability. Implementing ACL injury-prevention training programs may improve an individual's neuromuscular control and lower extremity biomechanics and thereby reduce the risk of injury...
January 9, 2018: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29259814/diagnosis-of-psychosocial-risk-factors-in-prevention-of-low-back-pain-in-athletes-mispex
#8
Pia-Maria Wippert, Anne-Katrin Puschmann, Adamantios Arampatzis, Marcus Schiltenwolf, Frank Mayer
Background: Low back pain (LBP) is a common pain syndrome in athletes, responsible for 28% of missed training days/year. Psychosocial factors contribute to chronic pain development. This study aims to investigate the transferability of psychosocial screening tools developed in the general population to athletes and to define athlete-specific thresholds. Methods: Data from a prospective multicentre study on LBP were collected at baseline and 1-year follow-up (n=52 athletes, n=289 recreational athletes and n=246 non-athletes)...
2017: BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240533/investigation-of-perceptual-motor-behavior-across-the-expert-athlete-to-disabled-patient-skill-continuum-can-advance-theory-and-practical-application
#9
Sean Müller, Ann-Maree Vallence, Carolee Winstein
A framework is presented of how theoretical predictions can be tested across the expert athlete to disabled patient skill continuum. Common-coding theory is used as the exemplar to discuss sensory and motor system contributions to perceptual-motor behavior. Behavioral and neural studies investigating expert athletes and patients recovering from cerebral stroke are reviewed. They provide evidence of bi-directional contributions of visual and motor systems to perceptual-motor behavior. Majority of this research is focused on perceptual-motor performance or learning, with less on transfer...
December 14, 2017: Journal of Motor Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219885/displaced-clavicle-fractures-in-cyclists-return-to-athletic-activity-after-anteroinferior-plate-fixation
#10
Ven Denise J C van der, Tim K Timmers, Ivo A M J Broeders, Olden G D J van
BACKGROUND: One of the most commonly observed injuries in cycling is fracture of the clavicle. Nevertheless, there is limited literature available on clinical outcomes after plate fixation of clavicle fractures in cyclists, rehabilitation protocols, and the time to return to sports. PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the functional outcome, complications, and return to athletic activity at short-term follow-up after surgical repair. STUDY DESIGN: Case series...
December 1, 2017: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211262/body-mass-index-and-waist-circumference-of-latin-american-adult-athletes-with-intellectual-disability
#11
John T Foley, Meghann Lloyd, Lesley Turner, Viviene A Temple
OBJECTIVES: To examine both body mass index (BMI) status and waist circunference (WC) in a large international sample of adult Special Olympics participants from Latin America. It also explored the association of age and sex with obesity in this population. MATERIALS AND METHODS: BMI and WC records from a total of 4174 (2683 male and 1491 female) participant records from the Special Olympics International Health Promotion database were examined. RESULTS: The prevalence of overweight and obesity was quite high (i...
July 2017: Salud Pública de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204863/no-difference-in-prevalence-of-spine-and-hip-pain-in-young-elite-skiers
#12
Carl Todd, Anna Swärd Aminoff, Cecilia Agnvall, Olof Thoreson, Leif Swärd, Jon Karlsson, Adad Baranto
PURPOSE: To investigate the prevalence between back and hip pain in young Elite skiers. METHODS: Sample group (n = 102), consisted of young Elite skiers (n = 75) and age-matched non-athletes (n = 27), all completed a three-part back and hip pain questionnaire, Oswestry Disability Index and EuroQoL to evaluate general health, activity level, back and hip pain prevalence. RESULTS: No significant differences were shown for lifetime prevalence of back pain in the skiers (50%) compared with controls (44%) (n...
December 4, 2017: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29203002/complete-tendon-achilles-rupture-following-injection-of-aethoxysklerol-polidocanol-for-the-treatment-of-chronic-achilles-tendinopathy
#13
Christopher Fenelon, John G Galbraith, Paul Hession, Lester G D'Souza
Achilles tendinopathy can be a chronic disabling condition affecting both athletic and sedentary patients. Multiple new treatment approaches have developed, including shock wave therapy and various types of injection. One of the novel treatment methods used is the injection of Aethoxysklerol or polidocanol, a sclerosing substance injected under ultrasound guidance targeting areas of neovascularisation. We report the case of a 78-year-old lady who suffered a complete Achilles tendon rupture following injection of Aethoxysklerol...
December 2017: Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Journal of the European Society of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201924/flexion-gap-in-the-isolated-posterior-cruciate-ligament-injured-knee-affects-symptom-relief-after-conservative-treatment-a-case-control-study
#14
Yasukazu Yonetani, Yoshio Matsui, Yoshinari Tanaka, Shuji Horibe
Background: The posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) is a primary stabilizer of the knee in the posterior direction. However, PCL deficiency presents a clinical paradox because the outcome of PCL deficiency ranges from total disability to uninterrupted participation in competitive athletics. Purpose: To investigate whether posterior laxity (PL) and the flexion gap (FG) influence the results of the conservative treatment of isolated PCL injuries. Study Design: Case-control study; Level of evidence, 3...
November 2017: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29185802/effects-of-cupping-therapy-in-amateur-and-professional-athletes-systematic-review-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#15
Rhianna Bridgett, Petra Klose, Rob Duffield, Suni Mydock, Romy Lauche
OBJECTIVE: Despite the recent re-emergence of the process of cupping by athletes, supporting evidence for its efficacy and safety remains scarce. This systematic review aims to summarize the evidence of clinical trials on cupping for athletes. METHODS: SCOPUS, Cochrane Library, PubMed, AMED, and CNKI databases were searched from their inception to December 10, 2016. Randomized controlled trials on cupping therapy with no restriction regarding the technique, or cointerventions, were included, if they measured the effects of cupping compared with any other intervention on health and performance outcomes in professionals, semi-professionals, and leisure athletes...
November 29, 2017: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29182365/career-development-and-learning-pathways-of-paralympic-coaches-with-a-disability
#16
Scott Douglas, William R Falcão, Gordon A Bloom
The purpose of this study was to gain an understanding of the career development and learning pathways of Paralympic head coaches who previously competed as Paralympic athletes. Each coach participated in a semistructured interview. A thematic analysis of the data revealed three higher order themes, which were called becoming a coach, learning to coach, and lifelong learning and teaching. Across these themes, participants discussed interactions with other coaches and athletes with a disability, learning from mentors and coaching clinics, as well as limited formal educational opportunities they experienced transitioning from athlete to head coach...
November 28, 2017: Adapted Physical Activity Quarterly: APAQ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29181262/exercise-manual-therapy-and-postural-re-education-for-uncontrolled-ear-twitching-and-related-impairments-after-whiplash-injury-a-case-report
#17
Kelsey Flanders, Heather Feldner
Background and Purpose: Whiplash Associated Disorders and the interventions used to remediate them are well documented in physical therapy literature. However, specific interventions for spasms of the neck musculature that also involve constant ear twitching have yet to be addressed. The purpose of this case report is twofold. First, to describe comprehensive physical therapy management and outcomes for a subject with uncontrolled ear twitching and related musculoskeletal impairments, and second, to discuss the physical therapist's approach to evidence-based care when faced with a paucity of literature addressing physical therapy interventions for subjects with uncontrolled ear twitching...
October 2017: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161335/shoulder-complaints-in-wheelchair-athletes-a-systematic-review
#18
Omar W Heyward, Riemer J K Vegter, Sonja de Groot, Lucas H V van der Woude
BACKGROUND: In recent years the popularity of disabled sports and competition among disabled athletes has grown considerably. With this rise in exposure of, and participation in wheelchair sports comes an increase in related stressors, including musculoskeletal load. External mechanical loading may increase the risk of shoulder complaints. The objective of this literature review was to 1) identify and describe the prevalence and/or incidence of shoulder complaints in wheelchair athletes in the literature, to 2) examine the factors and underlying mechanisms that could be potentially involved, and 3) provide some insights into the development of preventative measures...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160809/evaluation-of-dietary-intakes-and-supplement-use-in-paralympic-athletes
#19
Robyn F Madden, Jane Shearer, Jill A Parnell
Dietary intakes and supplement use in Paralympic athletes remains largely unexplored, and specialized recommendations are lacking. The aim of this study was to evaluate nutrient intakes and supplement use in high-performance athletes with physical disabilities using three-day food records and a validated dietary supplement use questionnaire. A secondary aim examined gender differences in nutrient and supplement intakes. Male (n = 18) and female (n = 22) athletes were recruited from nine Paralympic sports through sporting organizations, coaches, and social media...
November 21, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159479/operative-treatment-of-pelvic-apophyseal-avulsions-in-adolescent-and-young-adult-athletes-a-follow-up-study
#20
Juha-Jaakko Sinikumpu, Iftach Hetsroni, Ernest Schilders, Lasse Lempainen, Willy Serlo, Sakari Orava
INTRODUCTION: Pelvic apophyseal avulsion can limit young athletes' performance for months and may result in permanent disability. Nonoperative treatment is most commonly preferred, while surgical management with reduction and fixation is reserved for selected cases. Our aim was to evaluate outcomes of operative management of pelvic apophyseal avulsions in a series of adolescents and young adult athletes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Operative room registries and medical records were reviewed to identify patients who received surgical treatment for pelvic apophyseal avulsions who were younger than 24 years and with a minimum of 12 month follow-up...
November 20, 2017: European Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery & Traumatology: Orthopédie Traumatologie
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