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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918746/use-of-the-universal-pain-assessment-tool-for-evaluating-pain-associated-with-tmd-in-youngsters-with-an-intellectual-disability
#1
G Dugashvili, L Van den Berghe, G Menabde, M Janelidze, L Marks
BACKGROUND: The Universal Pain Assessment Tool (UPAT) was used to assess the level of pain in people with limited communication skills. The UPAT enables clinicians to consult a specialized pain management team more often and lead to earlier interventions. The purpose of this study was to determine, whether the UPAT could be used as an extra tool to collect data on functional TMJ pain and to assess orofacial pain levels related to temporomandibular disorder(s) (TMD) in people with intellectual disabilities (ID)...
December 6, 2016: Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904716/is-anterior-bridge-plating-for-mid-shaft-humeral-fractures-a-suitable-option-for-patients-predominantly-involved-in-overhead-activities-a-functional-outcome-study-in-athletes-and-manual-laborers
#2
Abhishek S Mahajan, Young Gun Kim, Jae Hwa Kim, Prashanth D'sa, Azhar Lakhani, Hyun Soo Ok
BACKGROUND: To assess the functional and radiological outcomes of minimally invasive anterior bridge plating (ABP) for mid-shaft humerus fractures in patients predominantly involved in overhead activities (athletes and manual laborers). METHODS: Forty-eight patients fulfilling inclusion criteria were treated with ABP at a level-I trauma center using a 4.5-mm dynamic/locking compression plate and followed for a period of 1 year. Functional outcome was assessed using the Constant, Mayo elbow, and Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder and Hand (DASH) scores...
December 2016: Clinics in Orthopedic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886838/biceps-and-triceps-ruptures-in-athletes
#3
REVIEW
Jared R Thomas, Jeffrey Nathan Lawton
Although rare, biceps and triceps tendon ruptures constitute significant injuries that can lead to profound disability if left untreated, especially in the athletic population. Biceps rupture is more common than triceps rupture, with both resulting from a forceful eccentric load. Surgical repair is the treatment method of choice for tendinous ruptures in athletes. Nonoperative management is rarely indicated in this population and is typically reserved for individuals with partial ruptures that quickly regain strength and function...
February 2017: Hand Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875493/acute-lumbar-paraspinal-myonecrosis-in-football-players-with-sickle-cell-trait-a-case-series
#4
E Randy Eichner, Brock Schnebel, Scott Anderson, James R Clugston, Heath Hale, Charlie Michaudet, John M Small
We report 6 cases of a novel syndrome of acute, exertional low back pain (LBP) in football players, 5 in college and one in the National Football League (NFL). All 6 are African-Americans with sickle cell trait (SCT). The acute LBP is severe and can be disabling, and the condition can be confused with muscle strain, discogenic pain, stress fracture, or other problems in athletes. Our evidence shows that this syndrome is caused by lumbar paraspinal myonecrosis (LPSMN), which likely often contributes to the lumbar paraspinal compartment syndrome...
November 21, 2016: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27874301/cognitive-predictors-of-performance-in-well-trained-table-tennis-players-with-intellectual-disability
#5
Debbie Van Biesen, Jennifer Mactavish, Janne Kerremans, Yves C Vanlandewijck
Evidence-based classification systems in Paralympic sport require knowledge of the underlying effect of impairment in a specific sport. This study investigated the relationship between cognition and tactical proficiency in 88 well-trained table tennis players with intellectual disability (ID; 29 women, 59 men, M ± SD IQ 59.9 ± 9.6). Data were collected at 3 competitions sanctioned by the International Federation for Para-Athletes with Intellectual Disabilities (INAS). A generic cognitive test consisting of 8 neuropsychological subtests was used to assess cognitive abilities relevant to sport (reaction time, processing speed, and decision speed; spatial visualization; fluid reasoning; memory; executive functioning; and visual processing)...
October 2016: Adapted Physical Activity Quarterly: APAQ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857637/using-the-myokinesthetic-system-to-treat-bilateral-chronic-knee-pain-a-case-study
#6
Valerie F Stevenson, Russell T Baker, James May, Alan Nasypany
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this case study was to report the effects of the MyoKinesthetic (MYK) system on pain, functional ability, and psychosocial well-being of a 20-year-old female collegiate softball athlete diagnosed with chronic bilateral knee pain associated with osteoarthritis. CLINICAL FEATURES: The patient presented with bilateral chronic knee pain lasting more than 2 years. A clinical examination and radiographic imaging revealed chondromalacia and the beginning stages of osteoarthritis of the knee...
December 2016: Journal of Chiropractic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855130/return-to-play-following-open-treatment-of-femoroacetabular-impingement-in-adolescent-athletes
#7
Eduardo N Novais, Meredith Mayo, Lauryn A Kestel, Patrick M Carry, Stephanie W Mayer
INTRODUCTION: After treatment of femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) in adolescent competitive athletes, the rate, timing, and level of return to play have not been well reported. METHODS: Adolescent athletes who underwent open FAI treatment were assessed at a minimum 1-year follow-up. Patients completed a self-reported questionnaire centered on the time and level of return to play. Pain and functional outcomes were assessed using the modified Harris Hip Score (mHHS) and the Hip Disability and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score (HOOS)...
December 2016: Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27847720/dilemmas-of-korean-athletes-with-a-spinal-cord-injury-to-participate-in-sports-a-survey-based-on-the-icf-core-set-for-spinal-cord-injury
#8
Je Shik Nam, Ko Eun Lee, Ah Young Jun, Chong Suck Parke, Hyun Young Kim, You Hyeon Chae
OBJECTIVE: To explore the experiences of athletes with spinal cord injury (SCI) in Korea with respect to dilemmas of participating in sports with regards to the facilitators and barriers, using the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF). METHODS: The facilitators and barriers to sports participation of individuals with SCI were examined using 112 ICF categories. A questionnaire in dichotomous scale was answered, which covered the subjects 'Body functions', 'Body structures', 'Activity and participation' and 'Environmental factors'...
October 2016: Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27834613/patient-outcomes-utilizing-the-mulligan-concept-of-mwm-to-treat-intercollegiate-patients-diagnosed-with-lateral-ankle-sprain-an-a-priori-case-series
#9
James M May, Alan Nasypany, Julie Paolino, Russell Baker, Jeffrey Seegmiller
CONTEXT: While the incidence and re-injury rates of lateral ankle sprain (LAS) continue to persist at high rates across many sporting activities, further exploration of assessment and treatment beyond the traditional ligamentous and strength/proprioceptive model is warranted. Further, assessing and treating both arthrokinematic and osteokinematic changes associated with LAS can provide insight into a more diverse approach to treating ankle pathology. OBJECTIVE: To examine the clinical use of the Mulligan Concept MWM while treating patients diagnosed with an acute grade I or II LAS through authentic patient care...
November 11, 2016: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27834609/a-treatment-based-classification-algorithm-to-treat-achilles-tendinopathy-an-exploratory-case-series
#10
Patti Syvertson, Emily Dietz, Monica Matocha, Janet McMurray, Russell Baker, Alan Nasypany, Don Reordan, Michael Paddack
CONTEXT: Achilles tendinopathy is relatively common in both the general and athletic populations. The current gold standard for the treatment of Achilles tendinopathy is eccentric exercise, which can be painful and time consuming. While there is limited research on indirect treatment approaches, it has been proposed that tendinopathy patients do respond to indirect approaches in fewer treatments without provoking pain. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine the effectiveness of utilizing a Treatment Based Classification (TBC) algorithm as a strategy for classifying and treating patients diagnosed with Achilles tendinopathy...
November 11, 2016: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27826257/editorial-rio-tokyo-paralympic-games-and-beyond-how-to-prepare-athletes-with-motor-disabilities-for-peaking
#11
EDITORIAL
Pierre-Marie Leprêtre, Victoria L Goosey-Tolfrey, Thomas W J Janssen, Claudio Perret
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27824235/radial-shock-wave-therapy-effect-on-pain-and-motor-performance-in-a-paralympic-athlete-a-case-report
#12
Laura Mori, Lucio Marinelli, Elisa Pelosin, Matteo Gambaro, Roberto Trentini, Giovanni Abbruzzese, Carlo Trompetto
BACKGROUND: Recent studies demonstrated the usefulness of Radial Shock Waves Therapy (RSWT) in treating hypertonia in patients affected by cerebral palsy (CP), stroke, and dystonia. RSWT have never been used to treat spasticity in disabled athletes. CASE REPORT: An athlete affected by tetraparesis due to CP underwent three RSWT sessions in a week. We assessed muscular tone using the Modified Ashworth scale (MAS), pain and fatigue experienced during athletic performance with Visual Analogic Scale (VAS) and Borg scale Category-Ratio anchored at number 10 (Borg CR10)...
November 8, 2016: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27783772/-the-process-of-the-institutionalization-of-sport-for-individuals-with-disabilities-in-brazil-a-federal-legislative-analysis
#13
Tuany Defaveri Begossi, Janice Zarpellon Mazo
The scope of this study was to analyze the legal norms that have underpinned the alignment of organizational structures in the area of sports directed to individuals with disabilities in Brazil. The theoretical and methodological benchmark of the New Cultural History was based on the analysis of legal documents, as well as oral sources, which consist of three interviews with athletes who have experienced the period before the creation of the Brazilian Paralympic Committee. These sources were subjected to the technique of document analysis...
October 2016: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27783572/the-reliability-and-validity-of-a-pediatric-back-outcome-measure
#14
James P MacDonald, Pierre A dʼHemecourt, Lyle J Micheli
OBJECTIVE: Young athletes not uncommonly complain of back pain. Many patient-reported outcome measures are used to evaluate back pain, but none have been designed specifically to assess young, athletic patients. The Micheli Functional Scale (MFS) was developed to measure impairment due to back pain in this population. This study examined the reliability, validity, and responsiveness of the MFS used in routine clinical assessments. DESIGN: Retrospective Cohort Study...
November 2016: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27756168/-they-don-t-understand-that-we-also-exist-south-african-participants-in-competitive-disability-sport-and-the-politics-of-identity
#15
Leslie Swartz, Jason Bantjes, Bradley Knight, Greg Wilmot, Wayne Derman
PURPOSE: To describe how athletes with disabilities talk about their experiences of participating in competitive disability sport in South Africa. METHOD: In-depth semi-structured interviews were conducted with 20 athletes with disabilities. Data were analysed via thematic content analysis using an inductive data driven process. RESULTS: Participants described their involvement in competitive sport as a positive experience; they described it as a catalyst for the recasting of identities and reframing an understanding of physical impairment, a context for empowerment and resistance of disablist attitudes, and an arena in which a sense of inclusion and belonging is experienced...
October 19, 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27751923/return-to-sports-after-cervical-total-disc-replacement
#16
Andreas Reinke, Michael Behr, Alexander Preuss, Jimmy Villard, Bernhard Meyer, Florian Ringel
OBJECT: Total disc replacement (TDR) is typically indicated in young patients with a cervical soft disc herniation. To date, there are few data on the activity level of patients after cervical TDR; in particular, from young patients who are expected to have a high activity level with frequent exercising. The expectation is that returning to active sports after cervical TDR is not restricted. METHODS: Fifty patients were treated with a monosegmental cervical TDR at our department between May 2006 and March 2012...
October 14, 2016: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27742247/fresh-osteochondral-allograft-transplantation-for-osteochondritis-dissecans-of-the-capitellum-in-baseball-players
#17
Raffy Mirzayan, Michael J Lim
BACKGROUND: Osteochondritis dissecans (OCD) of the capitellum is a rare yet debilitating injury seen in young athletes. This is the first report in the literature describing fresh osteochondral allograft transplantation (FOCAT) to treat OCD of the capitellum. METHODS: Nine male baseball players (mean age, 15.3; range, 14-18 years), with OCD of the capitellum were treated with FOCAT. There were 6 pitchers and 3 position players. A ligament-sparing, mini-open approach was used...
November 2016: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27687890/immediate-post-concussion-and-cognitive-testing-impact-a-systematic-review-of-the-prevalence-and-assessment-of-invalid-performance
#18
Charles E Gaudet, Lisa L Weyandt
OBJECTIVE: Computerized neuropsychological assessment of concussion has rapidly expanded and Immediate Post-Concussion and Cognitive Testing (ImPACT) is among the most commonly used measures in this domain. ImPACT was primarily developed for use with athletic populations but continues to expand beyond athletics to settings such as the workplace and schools where motivational dispositions may vary. The purpose of the present study was to conduct a systematic review of existing research investigating the prevalence of invalid baseline results and the effectiveness of ImPACT's embedded invalidity indicators in detecting suspect effort...
August 10, 2016: Clinical Neuropsychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27673551/-i-think-i-became-a-swimmer-rather-than-just-someone-with-a-disability-swimming-up-and-down-paralympic-athletes-perceptions-of-self-and-identity-development
#19
Stephen Pack, Sasha Kelly, Monna Arvinen-Barrow
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to explore the role of swimming on Paralympic athletes' perceptions of self and identity development. METHOD: A hermeneutic phenomenological approach was taken. During semi-structured interviews, five Paralympic swimmers (aged 20-24 years) were asked questions about their swimming career, perceptions of self, integration, and impairment. Interviews were audio-recorded and transcribed verbatim. RESULTS: An Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis yielded three superordinate themes: (a) "One of the crowd"; none of the participants viewed themselves as disabled, nor as supercrips; these perceptions stemmed from family-, school-, and swimming-related experiences, (b) "Becoming me"; participation in swimming facilitated self- and social-acceptance, and identity development, and c) "A badge of honor"; swimming presented opportunity to present and reinforce a positive identity...
September 27, 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27638079/posttraumatic-dizziness-and-vertigo
#20
M Szczupak, M E Hoffer, S Murphy, C D Balaban
Traumatic brain injury is an increasingly common public health issue, with the mild variant most clinically relevant for this chapter. Common causes of mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) include motor vehicle accidents, athletics, and military training/deployment. Despite a range of clinically available testing platforms, diagnosis of mTBI remains challenging. Symptoms are primarily neurosensory, and include dizziness, hearing problems, headaches, cognitive, and sleep disturbances. Dizziness is nearly universally present in all mTBI patients, and is the easiest symptom to objectify for diagnosis...
2016: Handbook of Clinical Neurology
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