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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107219/do-neurocognitive-scat3-baseline-test-scores-differ-between-footballers-soccer-living-with-and-without-disability-a-cross-sectional-study
#1
Richard Weiler, Willem van Mechelen, Colin Fuller, Osman Hassan Ahmed, Evert Verhagen
OBJECTIVE: To determine if baseline Sport Concussion Assessment Tool, third Edition (SCAT3) scores differ between athletes with and without disability. DESIGN: Cross-sectional comparison of preseason baseline SCAT3 scores for a range of England international footballers. SETTING: Team doctors and physiotherapists supporting England football teams recorded players' SCAT 3 baseline tests from August 1, 2013 to July 31, 2014. PARTICIPANTS: A convenience sample of 249 England footballers, of whom 185 were players without disability (male: 119; female: 66) and 64 were players with disability (male learning disability: 17; male cerebral palsy: 28; male blind: 10; female deaf: 9)...
January 17, 2017: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107217/reliability-and-validity-of-athletes-disability-index-questionnaire
#2
Pardis Noormohammadpour, Alireza Hosseini Khezri, Farzin Farahbakhsh, Mohammad Ali Mansournia, Matthew Smuck, Ramin Kordi
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate validity and reliability of a new proposed questionnaire for assessment of functional disability in athletes with low back pain (LBP). DESIGN: Validity and reliability study. SETTING: Elite athletes participating in different fields of sports. PARTICIPANTS: Participants were 165 male and female athletes (between 12 and 50 years old) with LBP. INTERVENTIONS: Athlete Disability Index (ADI) Questionnaire which is developed by the authors for assessing LBP-related disability in athletes, Oswestry Disability Index (ODI), and the Roland-Morris Disability Questionnaire (RDQ)...
January 17, 2017: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106286/tendinopathy-in-diabetes-mellitus-patients-epidemiology-pathogenesis-and-management
#3
REVIEW
Pauline Po Yee Lui
Chronic tendinopathy is a frequent and disabling musculo-skeletal problem affecting the athletic and general populations. The affected tendon is presented with local tenderness, swelling, and pain which restrict the activity of the individual. Tendon degeneration reduces the mechanical strength and predisposes it to rupture. The pathogenic mechanisms of chronic tendinopathy are not fully understood and several major non-mutually exclusive hypotheses including activation of the hypoxia-apoptosis-pro-inflammatory cytokines cascade, neurovascular ingrowth, increased production of neuromediators, and erroneous stem cell differentiation have been proposed...
January 20, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099092/training-and-development-of-canadian-wheelchair-basketball-players
#4
N Dehghansai, S Lemez, N Wattie, J Baker
Considering the growth in research, examining the development of mainstream sport athletes over the past two decades, studies examining development of athletes with disabilities have been surprisingly limited. While similarities in developmental trajectories between the two cohorts may exist regarding factors such as the value of practice, which tend to be universal regardless of context, disability-related issues (e.g. whether the disability was congenital or acquired) may influence the course of development, affecting variables such as starting age, training and developmental milestones...
January 18, 2017: European Journal of Sport Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098055/nonsurgical-treatment-of-mason-type-ii-radial-head-fractures-in-athletes-a-retrospective-study
#5
M Guzzini, A Vadalà, A Agrò, V Di Sanzo, D Pironi, A Redler, P Serlorenzi, L Proietti, C Civitenga, D Mazza, R M Lanzetti, Andrea Ferretti
OBJECTIVE: The best treatment for moderately displaced radial head fractures (Mason type II) still remains controversial. In cases of isolated fractures, there is no evidence that a fragment displacement of ≥ 2 mm gives poor results in conservatively treated fractures. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 52 patients (31M, 21F) affected by an isolated Mason type II fracture, treated with a long arm cast for two weeks between 2008 and 2013. All patients had practiced sports before being injured...
September 2017: Il Giornale di Chirurgia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27988093/the-strengthen-your-ankle-program-to-prevent-recurrent-injuries-a-randomized-controlled-trial-aimed-at-long-term-effectiveness
#6
M Van Reijen, I Vriend, V Zuidema, W van Mechelen, E A Verhagen
OBJECTIVES: Recurrent ankle sprains can be reduced by a neuromuscular training program (NMT). The way NMT is delivered may influence the incidence of long term recurrent injuries, residual pain and disability. DESIGN: This RCT with a follow-up of twelve months, evaluated whether the implementation method of a proven effective NMT program delivered by a mobile application or a written instruction booklet, resulted in differences in injury incidence rates, functional ankle disability/pain in the long term, assuming equal compliance - as is shown in previous research - with the 8-week intervention...
December 9, 2016: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27951526/long-term-health-outcomes-after-exposure-to-repeated-concussion-in-elite-level-rugby-union-players
#7
T M McMillan, P McSkimming, J Wainman-Lefley, L M Maclean, J Hay, A McConnachie, W Stewart
BACKGROUND: There is continuing concern about effects of concussion in athletes, including risk of the neurodegenerative disease chronic traumatic encephalopathy. However, information on long-term health and wellbeing in former athletes is limited. METHOD: Outcome after exposure to repeated brain injury was investigated in 52 retired male Scottish international rugby players (RIRP) and 29 male controls who were similar in age and social deprivation. Assessment included history of playing rugby and traumatic brain injury, general and mental health, life stress, concussion symptoms, cognitive function, disability and markers of chronic stress (allostatic load)...
October 7, 2016: Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery, and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27941981/-a-more-equitable-society-the-politics-of-global-fairness-in-paralympic-sport
#8
Leslie Swartz, Jason Bantjes, Divan Rall, Suzanne Ferreira, Cheri Blauwet, Wayne Derman
The Paralympic Movement explicitly sets out to create a more equitable society and promote participation for all and fairness in disability sport. This is primarily achieved through the use of a range of interventions with less attention given to how economic factors may hinder access and achievement in Paralympic sport. We investigated how country-level economic variables influence the level of participation and achievement in the 2015 International Paralympic Committee (IPC) Athletics Championships held in Doha...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925639/outcomes-following-arthroscopic-repair-of-posterior-labral-tears-in-patients-older-than-35-years
#9
Dexter K Bateman, Eric M Black, Mark D Lazarus, Joseph A Abboud
Although the results of arthroscopic management of posterior labral pathology in young athletes have been reported extensively in the literature, the clinical outcomes in older patients are unknown. This retrospective review included patients older than 35 years who underwent arthroscopic posterior labral repair. Functional outcome scores were collected, and subgroup analyses were performed to evaluate the impact of patient-specific factors. Forty-three patients met the inclusion criteria; average follow-up was 36...
December 7, 2016: Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918746/use-of-the-universal-pain-assessment-tool-for-evaluating-pain-associated-with-tmd-in-youngsters-with-an-intellectual-disability
#10
G Dugashvili, L Van den Berghe, G Menabde, M Janelidze, L Marks
BACKGROUND: The Universal Pain Assessment Tool (UPAT) was used to assess the level of pain in people with limited communication skills. The UPAT enables clinicians to consult a specialized pain management team more often and lead to earlier interventions. The purpose of this study was to determine, whether the UPAT could be used as an extra tool to collect data on functional TMJ pain and to assess orofacial pain levels related to temporomandibular disorder(s) (TMD) in people with intellectual disabilities (ID)...
January 1, 2017: Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904716/is-anterior-bridge-plating-for-mid-shaft-humeral-fractures-a-suitable-option-for-patients-predominantly-involved-in-overhead-activities-a-functional-outcome-study-in-athletes-and-manual-laborers
#11
Abhishek S Mahajan, Young Gun Kim, Jae Hwa Kim, Prashanth D'sa, Azhar Lakhani, Hyun Soo Ok
BACKGROUND: To assess the functional and radiological outcomes of minimally invasive anterior bridge plating (ABP) for mid-shaft humerus fractures in patients predominantly involved in overhead activities (athletes and manual laborers). METHODS: Forty-eight patients fulfilling inclusion criteria were treated with ABP at a level-I trauma center using a 4.5-mm dynamic/locking compression plate and followed for a period of 1 year. Functional outcome was assessed using the Constant, Mayo elbow, and Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder and Hand (DASH) scores...
December 2016: Clinics in Orthopedic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886838/biceps-and-triceps-ruptures-in-athletes
#12
REVIEW
Jared R Thomas, Jeffrey Nathan Lawton
Although rare, biceps and triceps tendon ruptures constitute significant injuries that can lead to profound disability if left untreated, especially in the athletic population. Biceps rupture is more common than triceps rupture, with both resulting from a forceful eccentric load. Surgical repair is the treatment method of choice for tendinous ruptures in athletes. Nonoperative management is rarely indicated in this population and is typically reserved for individuals with partial ruptures that quickly regain strength and function...
February 2017: Hand Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875493/acute-lumbar-paraspinal-myonecrosis-in-football-players-with-sickle-cell-trait-a-case-series
#13
E Randy Eichner, Brock Schnebel, Scott Anderson, James R Clugston, Heath Hale, Charlie Michaudet, John M Small
We report 6 cases of a novel syndrome of acute, exertional low back pain (LBP) in football players, 5 in college and one in the National Football League (NFL). All 6 are African-Americans with sickle cell trait (SCT). The acute LBP is severe and can be disabling, and the condition can be confused with muscle strain, discogenic pain, stress fracture, or other problems in athletes. Our evidence shows that this syndrome is caused by lumbar paraspinal myonecrosis (LPSMN), which likely often contributes to the lumbar paraspinal compartment syndrome...
November 21, 2016: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27874301/cognitive-predictors-of-performance-in-well-trained-table-tennis-players-with-intellectual-disability
#14
Debbie Van Biesen, Jennifer Mactavish, Janne Kerremans, Yves C Vanlandewijck
Evidence-based classification systems in Paralympic sport require knowledge of the underlying effect of impairment in a specific sport. This study investigated the relationship between cognition and tactical proficiency in 88 well-trained table tennis players with intellectual disability (ID; 29 women, 59 men, M ± SD IQ 59.9 ± 9.6). Data were collected at 3 competitions sanctioned by the International Federation for Para-Athletes with Intellectual Disabilities (INAS). A generic cognitive test consisting of 8 neuropsychological subtests was used to assess cognitive abilities relevant to sport (reaction time, processing speed, and decision speed; spatial visualization; fluid reasoning; memory; executive functioning; and visual processing)...
October 2016: Adapted Physical Activity Quarterly: APAQ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857637/using-the-myokinesthetic-system-to-treat-bilateral-chronic-knee-pain-a-case-study
#15
Valerie F Stevenson, Russell T Baker, James May, Alan Nasypany
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this case study was to report the effects of the MyoKinesthetic (MYK) system on pain, functional ability, and psychosocial well-being of a 20-year-old female collegiate softball athlete diagnosed with chronic bilateral knee pain associated with osteoarthritis. CLINICAL FEATURES: The patient presented with bilateral chronic knee pain lasting more than 2 years. A clinical examination and radiographic imaging revealed chondromalacia and the beginning stages of osteoarthritis of the knee...
December 2016: Journal of Chiropractic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855130/return-to-play-following-open-treatment-of-femoroacetabular-impingement-in-adolescent-athletes
#16
Eduardo N Novais, Meredith Mayo, Lauryn A Kestel, Patrick M Carry, Stephanie W Mayer
INTRODUCTION: After treatment of femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) in adolescent competitive athletes, the rate, timing, and level of return to play have not been well reported. METHODS: Adolescent athletes who underwent open FAI treatment were assessed at a minimum 1-year follow-up. Patients completed a self-reported questionnaire centered on the time and level of return to play. Pain and functional outcomes were assessed using the modified Harris Hip Score (mHHS) and the Hip Disability and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score (HOOS)...
December 2016: Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27847720/dilemmas-of-korean-athletes-with-a-spinal-cord-injury-to-participate-in-sports-a-survey-based-on-the-icf-core-set-for-spinal-cord-injury
#17
Je Shik Nam, Ko Eun Lee, Ah Young Jun, Chong Suck Parke, Hyun Young Kim, You Hyeon Chae
OBJECTIVE: To explore the experiences of athletes with spinal cord injury (SCI) in Korea with respect to dilemmas of participating in sports with regards to the facilitators and barriers, using the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF). METHODS: The facilitators and barriers to sports participation of individuals with SCI were examined using 112 ICF categories. A questionnaire in dichotomous scale was answered, which covered the subjects 'Body functions', 'Body structures', 'Activity and participation' and 'Environmental factors'...
October 2016: Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27834613/patient-outcomes-utilizing-the-mulligan-concept-of-mwm-to-treat-intercollegiate-patients-diagnosed-with-lateral-ankle-sprain-an-a-priori-case-series
#18
James M May, Alan Nasypany, Julie Paolino, Russell Baker, Jeffrey Seegmiller
CONTEXT: While the incidence and re-injury rates of lateral ankle sprain (LAS) continue to persist at high rates across many sporting activities, further exploration of assessment and treatment beyond the traditional ligamentous and strength/proprioceptive model is warranted. Further, assessing and treating both arthrokinematic and osteokinematic changes associated with LAS can provide insight into a more diverse approach to treating ankle pathology. OBJECTIVE: To examine the clinical use of the Mulligan Concept MWM while treating patients diagnosed with an acute grade I or II LAS through authentic patient care...
November 11, 2016: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27834609/a-treatment-based-classification-algorithm-to-treat-achilles-tendinopathy-an-exploratory-case-series
#19
Patti Syvertson, Emily Dietz, Monica Matocha, Janet McMurray, Russell Baker, Alan Nasypany, Don Reordan, Michael Paddack
CONTEXT: Achilles tendinopathy is relatively common in both the general and athletic populations. The current gold standard for the treatment of Achilles tendinopathy is eccentric exercise, which can be painful and time consuming. While there is limited research on indirect treatment approaches, it has been proposed that tendinopathy patients do respond to indirect approaches in fewer treatments without provoking pain. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine the effectiveness of utilizing a Treatment Based Classification (TBC) algorithm as a strategy for classifying and treating patients diagnosed with Achilles tendinopathy...
November 11, 2016: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27826257/editorial-rio-tokyo-paralympic-games-and-beyond-how-to-prepare-athletes-with-motor-disabilities-for-peaking
#20
EDITORIAL
Pierre-Marie Leprêtre, Victoria L Goosey-Tolfrey, Thomas W J Janssen, Claudio Perret
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Frontiers in Physiology
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