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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631965/short-term-test-retest-reliability-of-the-impact-in-healthy-young-athletes
#1
Amanda M O'Brien, Joseph E Casey, Rachel M Salmon
The present study examined the short-term test-retest reliability of the Immediate Post-concussion Assessment and Cognitive Testing (ImPACT) variables with healthy 11- to 14-year-old athletes. 53 young athletes (Mage = 12.4 years, 9 female) were administered the ImPACT on two separate occasions two weeks apart. Participants were instructed to complete the Post-Concussion Symptom Scale (PCSS) and the baseline computerized neurocognitive test during both the baseline and retest phases. Intraclass correlation (ICC), standard error of measurement (SEM), and reliable change index (RCI) were used as reliability metrics...
February 22, 2017: Applied Neuropsychology. Child
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631501/ambivalence-in-rehabilitation-thematic-analysis-of-the-experiences-of-lower-limb-amputated-veterans
#2
Jan Christensen, Henning Langberg, Patrick Doherty, Ingrid Egerod
BACKGROUND: Knowledge about the organization and factors of importance to rehabilitation of veterans with lower limb amputation is sparse. The aim of this study was, therefore, to improve understanding of the influences of "military identity" on the organization of rehabilitation services and to investigate those factors influential in achieving successful rehabilitation, including interprofessional collaboration between different sectors involved in the rehabilitation of veterans with lower limb amputations...
June 20, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626339/effects-of-2-week-intermittent-training-in-hypobaric-hypoxia-on-the-aerobic-energy-metabolism-and-performance-of-cycling-athletes-with-disabilities
#3
Sang-Hoon Kim, Ho-Jung An, Jung-Hyun Choi, Yong-Youn Kim
[Purpose] The present study aimed at examining changes in aerobic energy metabolism and performance in cycling athletes after 2 weeks of intermittent training in a multistep hypobaric hypoxia environment. [Subjects and Methods] We also aimed at using the findings to propose an efficient training program in hypobaric hypoxia for endurance athletes with disabilities. The study participants were three cycling athletes with physical disabilities from the Korean national team (A, B, and C athletes). They underwent complex (repetition, interval, and continued) training with a roller-type cycle in a multistep hypobaric hypoxia environment (simulated altitude, 4,000 m above sea level)...
June 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614835/aging-of-competitive-athletes
#4
Hirofumi Tanaka
Demographics of human aging are rapidly changing. As illustrated in the biomedicalization of aging, an ever increasing number of older adults is affected by a variety of clinical conditions and diseases, including vascular stiffening, sarcopenia, physical disability, and poor quality of life. One population that is situated in the opposite end of the health and functional spectrum to the sedentary frail elderly is Masters athletes. These older competitive athletes are endowed with substantial functional capacity, overall long-term health, high motivation, and psychosocial outlook...
June 15, 2017: Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594505/lisfranc-injuries-in-the-elite-athlete
#5
Michael Isiah Sandlin, Cyrus E Taghavi, Timothy P Charlton, Robert B Anderson
The management of sports-related Lisfranc injuries is optimized by a detailed understanding of the relevant anatomy, mechanisms of injury, clinical diagnostic maneuvers, imaging, and treatment options for patients with this disabling injury. A lower energy ligamentous variant Lisfranc injury, which was first observed in professional football players, has recently been described. The treatment options for patients with a Lisfranc injury include nonsurgical management, open reduction and internal fixation, suture-button fixation techniques, and arthrodesis...
February 15, 2017: Instructional Course Lectures
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28580266/open-patellar-tendon-tenotomy-debridement-and-repair-technique-augmented-with-platelet-rich-plasma-for-recalcitrant-patellar-tendinopathy
#6
Bradley M Kruckeberg, Jorge Chahla, Marcio B Ferrari, George Sanchez, Gilbert Moatshe, Robert F LaPrade
Patellar tendinopathy is a disabling condition that frequently affects the athletic population, especially athletes undergoing repetitive impact forces as a result of jumping and landing activities. Most cases are initially treated conservatively, but if symptoms persist, surgical treatment is warranted. Options for surgical treatment include both arthroscopic and open techniques. The purpose of this Technical Note is to detail our open patellar tendon tenotomy, debridement, and repair technique augmented with platelet-rich plasma...
April 2017: Arthroscopy Techniques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28575638/elbow-injuries-in-professional-baseball-epidemiological-findings-from-the-major-league-baseball-injury-surveillance-system
#7
Michael G Ciccotti, Keisha M Pollack, Michael C Ciccotti, John D'Angelo, Christopher S Ahmad, David Altchek, James Andrews, Frank C Curriero
BACKGROUND: Elbow injuries cause significant disability for the throwing athlete. Scant data are available on the distribution and characteristics of these injuries in elite baseball players. No study exists that focuses solely on the epidemiological characteristics of elbow injuries in professional baseball players using a comprehensive injury surveillance system. HYPOTHESIS: Professional baseball players have a high occurrence of elbow injuries influenced by factors including length of time playing, time period within the annual baseball season, and specific position played...
June 1, 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28574938/chronic-anterior-pelvic-instability-diagnosis-and-management
#8
Michael D Stover, Adam I Edelstein, Joel M Matta
Chronic anterior pelvic ring instability can cause pain and disability. Pain typically is localized to the suprapubic area or inner thigh; often is associated with lower back or buttock pain; and may be exacerbated by activity, direct impact, or pelvic ring compression. Known etiologies of chronic anterior pelvic ring instability include pregnancy, parturition, trauma, insufficiency fractures, athletics, prior surgery, and osteitis pubis. Diagnosis often is delayed. Physical examination may reveal an antalgic or waddling gait, tenderness over the pubic bones or symphysis pubis, and pain with provocative maneuvers...
June 1, 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28561862/a-volunteer-basketball-clinic-for-children-with-disabilities-professional-development-impact-on-student-athletes-and-physical-therapy-students
#9
Peter Altenburger, Anne M Wilson
The purpose of this study was to assess the change in perceptions of student-athletes, physical therapy students, and parents of children who helped to facilitate an athletic skills camp for children with disabilities. Participants experienced 3 hours of basketball activity yearly. Data were collected for 3 consecutive years from a total of 51 parents, 15 student-athletes, and 22 physical therapy students. Pre- and post-survey data were evaluated by two independent researchers. Common themes were developed for all participant groups and cross-group comparisons were evaluated...
2017: Journal of Allied Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28559751/analysis-of-patient-outcomes-using-the-myokinesthetic-system-for-the-treatment-of-low-back-pain-a-case-series
#10
Kari Brody, Alan M Nasypany, Russell T Baker, James M May
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this case series was to test the feasibility of using the MyoKinesthetic (MYK) System as a treatment-based classification system and intervention for a sample of patients with low back pain. METHODS: This within-subject intervention was completed in a university athletic training clinic. Nine participants (mean age: 31 years) with a primary complaint of LBP were evaluated and included. An athletic trainer performed the initial assessment, which contained the following components: patient history, palpation, range of motion testing, lower quarter neurologic screening, MYK System posture screen, orthopedic special tests, and baseline data for pain intensity, disability, and function...
June 2017: Journal of Chiropractic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28556762/evaluation-of-game-performance-in-elite-male-sitting-volleyball-players
#11
Bartosz Molik, Natalia Morgulec-Adamowicz, Jolanta Marszałek, Andrzej Kosmol, Izabela Rutkowska, Alicja Jakubicka, Ewelina Kaliszewska, Robert Kozłowski, Monika Kurowska, Elwira Ploch, Pavel Mustafins, Miguel-Ángel Gómez
The aims of the current study were (a) to analyze the differences in game performances of sitting volleyball athletes representing the different types of disabilities and (b) to assess whether the seated position vertical reach is one of the crucial factors in the game performance level of sitting volleyball athletes. One hundred male athletes from various national teams participating in the European Championships in Sitting Volleyball (2009) took part in this study. The athletes were categorized according to type of disability and the results of the vertical reach in a seated position...
April 2017: Adapted Physical Activity Quarterly: APAQ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534159/arthroscopic-treatment-successfully-treats-posterior-elbow-impingement-in-an-athletic-population
#12
Jason L Koh, Brad A Zwahlen, David W Altchek, Todd A Zimmerman
PURPOSE: Posterior elbow impingement can cause disabling pain and limited motion during activities involving elbow extension. Less understood is whether arthroscopic treatment, compared to open surgery, can result in effective management of pain, loss of range of motion, and return athletes to previous levels of activity. This study determined whether arthroscopic debridement is a safe and effective treatment for posterior elbow impingement and whether it enables athletes to return to a previous level of function...
May 22, 2017: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515545/traumatic-brain-injury-and-neuropsychiatric-complications
#13
REVIEW
Saeed Ahmed, Hema Venigalla, Hema Madhuri Mekala, Sara Dar, Mudasar Hassan, Shahana Ayub
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) occurs when a blow or jolt to the head or a penetrating injury results in damage to the brain. It is the most frequent cause of hospitalization in young people with a higher prevalence in men. TBI is the leading cause of disability and mortality between the ages 1 and 45. TBI can be caused either by the direct result of trauma or due to a complication of the primary injury. The most common etiological factors for TBI are falls, road traffic accidents, violent physical assaults, and injuries associated with athletic activities...
March 2017: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508888/association-among-practice-frequency-on-depression-and-stress-among-competitive-us-male-wheelchair-rugby-athletes-with-tetraplegia
#14
S L Silveira, T Ledoux, M Cottingham, D C Hernandez
STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional. OBJECTIVES: To determine whether frequency of training is related to self-reported lower psychological distress, defined as depressive symptomology and perceived stress, among the US male wheelchair rugby athletes with tetraplegia. SETTING: United States. METHODS: Survey data were collected on a convenience sample at wheelchair rugby tournaments from January-April 2016. Participants self-reported depressive symptomology (CES-D-10), perceived stress scale (PSS), and frequency of rugby practice...
May 16, 2017: Spinal Cord
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28452860/osteonecrosis-of-the-shoulders-in-pediatric-patients-treated-for-leukemia-or-lymphoma-single-institutional-experience
#15
Sue C Kaste, Brian M DeFeo, Michael D Neel, Kenneth S Weiss, Israel Fernandez-Pineda, Kiri K Ness
BACKGROUND: Osteonecrosis of the hips and knees is an often debilitating adverse event in children treated with glucocorticoids for leukemia and lymphoma but the impact of shoulder involvement has been understudied. Thus, we investigated the severity and functional impairment of shoulder osteonecrosis in a well-characterized population of pediatric patients treated for acute lymphoblastic leukemia or lymphoma. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed orthopaedic clinic and physical therapy evaluations to determine range of motion (ROM), pain, and impact of magnetic resonance-defined osteonecrosis (ON) on activities of daily living...
April 27, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28451614/the-functional-arm-scale-for-throwers-fast-part-ii-reliability-and-validity-of-an-upper-extremity-region-specific-and-population-specific-patient-reported-outcome-scale-for-throwing-athletes
#16
Kellie C Huxel Bliven, Alison R Snyder Valier, R Curtis Bay, Eric L Sauers
BACKGROUND: The Functional Arm Scale for Throwers (FAST) is an upper extremity (UE) region-specific and population-specific patient-reported outcome (PRO) scale developed to measure health-related quality of life in throwers with UE injuries. Stages I and II, described in a companion paper, of FAST development produced a 22-item scale and a 9-item pitcher module. Stage III of scale development, establishing reliability and validity of the FAST, is reported herein. PURPOSE: To describe stage III of scale development: reliability and validity of the FAST...
April 2017: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28451608/the-functional-arm-scale-for-throwers-fast-part-i-the-design-and-development-of-an-upper-extremity-region-specific-and-population-specific-patient-reported-outcome-scale-for-throwing-athletes
#17
Eric L Sauers, R Curtis Bay, Alison R Snyder Valier, Traci Ellery, Kellie C Huxel Bliven
BACKGROUND: Upper extremity (UE) region-specific, patient-reported outcome (PRO) scales assess injuries to the UE but do not account for the demands of overhead throwing athletes or measure patient-oriented domains of health-related quality of life (HRQOL). PURPOSE: To develop the Functional Arm Scale for Throwers (FAST), a UE region-specific and population-specific PRO scale that assesses multiple domains of disablement in throwing athletes with UE injuries. In stage I, a beta version of the scale was developed for subsequent factor identification, final item reduction, and construct validity analysis during stage II...
March 2017: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28365744/normative-data-for-a-comprehensive-neuropsychological-test-battery-used-in-the-assessment-of-sports-related-concussion
#18
Victoria C Merritt, Jessica E Meyer, Margaret H Cadden, Cristina A F Roman, Dede M Ukueberuwa, Michael D Shapiro, Peter A Arnett
Objective: The use of normative data is a hallmark of the neuropsychological assessment process. Within the context of sports-related concussion, utilizing normative data is especially essential when individualized baseline data are unavailable for comparison. The primary purpose of this study was to establish normative data for a comprehensive neuropsychological test battery used in the assessment of sports-related concussion. A secondary aim was to provide normative data for pertinent demographic variables relevant to the assessment of college athletes, including sex, previous head injuries (PHI), and history of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)/learning disability (LD)...
March 1, 2017: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28353085/alterations-in-mechanical-properties-of-the-patellar-tendon-is-associated-with-pain-in-athletes-with-patellar-tendinopathy
#19
W C Lee, Z J Zhang, L Masci, G Y F Ng, Siu Ngor Fu
PURPOSE: To compare tendon strain and stiffness between athletes with patellar tendinopathy and healthy controls, and explore whether the intensity of pain and dysfunction were related to the mechanical properties of the tendon. METHODS: Thirty-four male athletes with patellar tendinopathy and 13 healthy controls matched by age and activity levels were recruited. The in vivo mechanical properties of the patellar tendon were examined by ultrasonography and dynamometry...
May 2017: European Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314417/an-algorithmic-approach-to-triaging-facial-trauma-on-the-sidelines
#20
REVIEW
Kristi Colbenson
On-the-field evaluation of facial trauma requires a focused initial assessment of the patient's airway and breathing with a knowledge of the critical associated injuries. The initial triage in facial trauma involves assessing and protecting the athlete's airway, breathing, and cervical spine. The algorithm then requires a repeat evaluation for subtle causes of airway obstruction and aspiration risks. Final steps include control of hemorrhage, recognition of neurologic and ophthalmologic disability, and complete exposure of the athlete to examine for other associated injury...
April 2017: Clinics in Sports Medicine
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