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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152471/internal-carotid-artery-dissection-in-brazilian-jiu-jitsu
#1
Zeferino Demartini, Maxweyd Rodrigues Freire, Roberto Oliver Lages, Alexandre Novicki Francisco, Felipe Nanni, Luana A Maranha Gatto, Gelson Luis Koppe
Carotid artery dissection is a significant cause of stroke in young patients. It may be asymptomatic and go undiagnosed, or minimal transient manifestations may follow, commanding a higher index of suspicion than ordinarily exists to avoid misdiagnosis. Reported herein is a 27-year-old man who suffered extracranial internal carotid artery dissection while practicing a Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu submission maneuver. The patient's condition suddenly deteriorated one week later due to distal embolization and stroke. Despite endovascular treatment, with stenting of the cervical carotid artery, neurologic deficits remained...
June 2017: Journal of Cerebrovascular and Endovascular Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141464/understanding-posttraumatic-growth-of-paratriathletes-with-acquired-disability
#2
Chris Hammer, Leslie Podlog, Ross Wadey, Nick Galli, Anjali J Forber-Pratt, Maria Newton, Morgan Hall, Lindsey Greviskes
PURPOSE: To examine the relevance of key components of Organismic Valuing Theory of Growth through Adversity in understanding posttraumatic growth amongst paratriathletes with acquired disability. METHODS: Semi-structured interviews informed by organismic valuing theory of growth through adversity were conducted with 14 elite paratriathletes (eight male, six female). To increase the likelihood that participants had experienced posttraumatic growth, a short form of the Posttraumatic Growth Inventory was completed prior to interview participation...
November 15, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140645/likelihood-of-entanglement-when-materials-are-dropped-vertically-onto-a-rotating-pto-knuckle
#3
Charles V Schwab, Isaac J Rempe
Power take-off (PTO) is a common method of transferring power from a tractor to a towed piece of machinery. The PTO is also a well-documented cause of severe and often permanent disabling injuries to farm operators. The physical conditions that cause entanglements are not well established. Several studies have explored the parameters of PTO entanglements as materials have been drawn across a rotating PTO knuckle to test for entanglement probability. The objective of this study was to determine probability of entanglement when materials are dropped vertically onto a PTO knuckle spinning at 540 rpm...
November 20, 2017: Journal of Agricultural Safety and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132378/protocol-for-the-study-of-self-perceived-psychological-and-emotional-well-being-of-young-paralympic-athletes
#4
Luca Puce, Lucio Marinelli, Laura Mori, Ilaria Pallecchi, Carlo Trompetto
BACKGROUND: We present the detailed protocol set up to investigate how agonistic sport affects the self-perceived psychological and emotional well-being of disabled young people. METHODS: The study will be carried out on a number of subjects as large as 800-1200, using well-established indices that give a quantitative measure of such well-being, namely SF-12 and PGWBI. The related questionnaires will be administered to the participants to a forthcoming international event, the European Para-Youth Games, 9-15 October 2017, Liguria, Italy, as well as to a reference population of a similar number of subjects, made up of young disabled people that do not practice agonistic sport...
November 13, 2017: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124974/media-portrayal-of-elite-athletes-with-disability-a-systematic-review
#5
Leanne Rees, Priscilla Robinson, Nora Shields
BACKGROUND: The media plays an important role in shaping society's beliefs about disability and sport. The aim of this systematic review is to identify how elite athletes with disability are portrayed in the media. METHOD: Six electronic databases were searched from 2001 to March 2017 for quantitative or qualitative content analysis of media coverage of elite athletes with disability: SportsDiscus, CINAHL, PsychInfo, Medline 1996-, Embase, and Proquest. Quality assessment and data extraction were performed by two independent assessors...
November 10, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122204/insights-on-the-apparel-needs-and-limitations-for-athletes-with-disabilities-the-design-of-wheelchair-rugby-sports-wear
#6
Sara Bragança, Ignacio Castellucci, Simeon Gill, Pascal Matthias, Miguel Carvalho, Pedro Arezes
Wheelchair rugby is a sport that has been gaining popularity with athletes with disabilities. However, as it is relatively new and not played by the masses, market specific sports-wear is not available for this sport, which impacts directly on performance and clothing satisfaction of the athletes. Therefore, the main objective of this research was to identify the problems that wheelchair rugby players face with the sports-wear they use for playing the game. The data was collected using a focus group and a questionnaire with 61 wheelchair rugby players in the United Kingdom...
February 2018: Applied Ergonomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119318/global-oral-health-status-of-athletes-with-intellectual-disabilities
#7
Luc Marks, Allen Wong, Steven Perlman, Amy Shellard, Carla Fernandez
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study is to identify the oral health status and treatment needs of Special Olympics athletes with intellectual disabilities from 181 countries by the assessment of oral health parameters and differences between world regions. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Data were collected through interview and oral examinations within the Healthy Athletes Screening. These data were analysed with descriptive statistics of oral health parameters of athletes from Africa, Asia Pacific, East Asia, Europe/Eurasia, Latin America, Middle East North Africa (MENA) and North America...
November 9, 2017: Clinical Oral Investigations
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111464/participant-reported-benefits-of-involvement-in-an-adaptive-sports-program-a-qualitative-study
#8
Emma C Lape, Jeffrey N Katz, Elena Losina, Hannah M Kerman, Marissa A Gedman, Cheri A Blauwet
BACKGROUND: While participation in adaptive sports offers numerous benefits for persons with disabilities, a substantial number of eligible persons do not take part. Previous studies have identified personal and environmental factors that promote or inhibit adaptive sports participation. However, these studies have considered a relatively narrow range of factors. OBJECTIVE: Use qualitative research techniques to identify novel factors that influence participation in a community-based adaptive sports program...
October 27, 2017: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29107585/changing-identity-through-sport-the-paralympic-sport-club-experience-among-adolescents-with-mobility-impairments
#9
Jennifer Piatt, Sangguk Kang, Mary Sara Wells, Shinichi Nagata, Jamie Hoffman, Jennifer Taylor
BACKGROUND: Adolescents with mobility impairments have fewer opportunities to challenge identity as an athlete through sport participation. OBJECTIVE/HYPOTHESIS: This study examined athletic identity impact of adolescent athletes with mobility impairments who participate in Paralympic Sport Clubs. METHODS: This cross-sectional web-survey design examined demographics (gender, academic level, hours of time spent in sports participation, and preferred amount of time in sport participation) and athletic identity through the Athletic Identity Measurement Scale (AIMS)...
October 23, 2017: Disability and Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29104291/a-unifying-motor-control-framework-for-task-specific-dystonia
#10
REVIEW
Anna Sadnicka, Katja Kornysheva, John C Rothwell, Mark J Edwards
Task-specific dystonia is a movement disorder characterized by a painless loss of dexterity specific to a particular motor skill. This disorder is prevalent among writers, musicians, dancers and athletes. No current treatment is predictably effective, and the disorder generally ends the careers of affected individuals. Traditional disease models of dystonia have a number of limitations with regard to task-specific dystonia. We therefore discuss emerging evidence that the disorder has its origins within normal compensatory mechanisms of a healthy motor system in which the representation and reproduction of motor skill are disrupted...
November 6, 2017: Nature Reviews. Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29100710/functional-outcomes-following-lateral-ulnar-collateral-ligament-reconstruction-for-symptomatic-posterolateral-rotatory-instability-of-the-elbow-in-an-athletic-population
#11
Marina J Rodriguez, Nicholas A Kusnezov, John C Dunn, Brian R Waterman, Kelly G Kilcoyne
HYPOTHESIS: The purpose of this investigation was to characterize the functional and surgical outcomes following lateral ulnar collateral ligament (LUCL) reconstruction for posterolateral rotatory instability in an athletic population. METHODS: All US military service members who underwent LUCL reconstruction between 2008 and 2013 were identified. A retrospective chart review was performed, and the prospective Mayo Elbow Performance Score and QuickDASH (short version of Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder and Hand questionnaire) score were obtained...
October 31, 2017: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095655/efficacy-of-a-prevention-program-for-medial-elbow-injuries-in-youth-baseball-players
#12
Jun Sakata, Emi Nakamura, Tatsuhiro Suzuki, Makoto Suzukawa, Atsushi Akaike, Kuniaki Shimizu, Norikazu Hirose
BACKGROUND: Youth baseball players are at high risk for elbow injuries, which can lead to future functional disability. PURPOSE: To evaluate the effectiveness of a prevention program to lower the risk of medial elbow injury in these athletes. STUDY DESIGN: Cohort study; Level of evidence, 2. METHODS: Youth baseball players, 8 to 11 years old, without a history of elbow and shoulder pain, were allocated to either the intervention (n = 136) or control (n = 169) group...
November 1, 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29058480/clinical-and-demographic-predictors-of-concussion-resolution-in-adolescents-a-retrospective-study
#13
Seema S Aggarwal, Summer D Ott, Nikhil S Padhye, Janet C Meininger, Terri S Armstrong
Concussions in adolescents are a growing public health concern. The aim of this study was to identify clinical (e.g., concussion history, migraine history, learning disabilities/ADHD) and demographic factors (e.g., age, sex, race, health insurance status, mechanism of injury, education) that predict concussion recovery times. In a retrospective cohort study of 118 adolescents 13-19 years old who were evaluated for an acute concussion (≤10 days from injury), recovery times were calculated from the date of concussive injury to the date of clearance to return to play and/or normal activities...
October 23, 2017: Applied Neuropsychology. Child
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019379/special-smiles-sports-dentistry-and-the-special-needs-athlete
#14
EDITORIAL
H Barry Waldman, Steven P Perlman, Luc Marks, Thaddeus J Arnold
There is a need to expand dental services to underserved populations, such as athletes with intellectual and developmental disabilities. This review introduces dentists to this need by sharing the direction taken by the Special Smiles program of Special Olympics and addressing the need to educate special needs athletes on prevention and care of sports-related mouth injuries.
June 22, 2017: Journal of the California Dental Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018542/spatiotemporal-characteristics-of-motor-actions-by-blind-long-jump-athletes
#15
Miguel Angel Torralba, José María Padullés, Jose Luis Losada, Jose Luis López
BACKGROUND: Blind people depend on spatial and temporal representations to perform activities of daily living and compete in sport. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to determine the spatiotemporal characteristics of long jumps performed by blind athletes and compare findings with those reported for sighted athletes. METHODS: We analysed a sample of 12 male athletes competing in the F11 Long Jump Finals at the Paralympic Games in London 2012...
2017: BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28985104/sport-participation-for-elite-athletes-with-physical-disabilities-motivations-barriers-and-facilitators
#16
Gabriella McLoughlin, Courtney Weisman Fecske, Yvette Castaneda, Candace Gwin, Kim Graber
There are many reasons why individuals are motivated to participate in sports. Less attention, however, is given for studying motivation and athlete development in adapted sport. The purpose of this study was to identify the motivations, facilitators, and barriers to sports participation of elite athletes with a physical disability. Participants (N = 23, 17 males, six females, mean age: 24.3 years) were recruited through online listservs, e-mails, and snowball sampling. A semistructured interview guide was employed...
October 1, 2017: Adapted Physical Activity Quarterly: APAQ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944249/return-to-play-following-shoulder-stabilization-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#17
REVIEW
Marc N Ialenti, Jeffrey D Mulvihill, Max Feinstein, Alan L Zhang, Brian T Feeley
BACKGROUND: Anterior shoulder instability can be a disabling condition for the young athlete; however, the best surgical treatment remains controversial. Traditionally, anterior shoulder instability was treated with open stabilization. More recently, arthroscopic repair of the Bankart injury with suture anchor fixation has become an accepted technique. HYPOTHESIS: No systematic reviews have compared the rate of return to play following arthroscopic Bankart repair with suture anchor fixation with the Bristow-Latarjet procedure and open stabilization...
September 2017: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937789/identifying-dyslexia-risk-in-student-athletes-a-preliminary-protocol-for-concussion-management
#18
Rebecca Wiseheart, Robin Wellington
Learning disability (LD) has been identified as a potential risk factor for a sport-related concussion, yet students with LD are rarely included in concussion research. Here, we draw special attention to dyslexia, a common but often underdiagnosed LD. Reading and learning problems commonly associated with dyslexia are often masked by protective factors, such as high verbal ability or general intelligence. Hence, high-achieving individuals with dyslexia may not be identified as being in a high-risk category...
October 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934539/popliteal-artery-entrapment-syndrome-bilateral-lower-extremity-involvement
#19
Havalee T Henry, Lauren K Szolomayer, Bauer E Sumpio, Karen M Sutton
Popliteal artery entrapment syndrome is a condition in which compression of the popliteal neurovascular structures results in symptoms of lower extremity claudication by way of a constricting anatomic structure or a hypertrophied surrounding musculature. This diagnosis is often missed or misdiagnosed because popliteal artery entrapment syndrome has a presentation similar to that of exertional compartment syndrome. Popliteal artery entrapment syndrome may result in persistent disability or unnecessary morbidity or prevent athletes' return to sport...
September 21, 2017: Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931975/correlation-between-sleep-and-psychological-mood-states-in-female-wheelchair-basketball-players-on-a-japanese-national-team
#20
Kenji Tsunoda, Hirotaka Mutsuzaki, Kazushi Hotta, Yukiyo Shimizu, Naruki Kitano, Yasuyoshi Wadano
[Purpose] Although some studies suggest the importance of getting adequate sleep for enhancing mood, there is not yet sufficient evidence on the relationship between sleep and mood states in athletes, especially for athletes with physical disability. The purpose of this study is to reveal relationships between sleep and psychological mood states in female wheelchair basketball players. [Subjects and Methods] Seventeen female wheelchair basketball players (30.9 ± 9.4 years old) on a Japanese national team participated...
September 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
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