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Controversial endodontics

Zahed Mohammadi, Hamid Jafarzadeh, Sousan Shalavi, Jun-Ichiro Kinoshita
INTRODUCTION: The apical portion of the root canal is very complex and challenging during endodontic treatment. Root canal preparation and obturation to the apical constriction may provide the best prognosis. Incomplete debridement, foramen transportation, and inadequate seal in the apical portion are considered to be responsible for treatment failure. The technique "apical patency" is considered as a way for maintaining the apical part the free of the debris by recapitulation, using a small K-file through the area of the apical foramen...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
Milad Altaii, Lindsay Richards, Giampiero Rossi-Fedele
BACKGROUND/AIM: The concept of regenerative endodontic procedures remains controversial. The aim of this study was to evaluate the histology of the tissues formed in immature animal teeth with necrotic and infected pulps after attempted endodontic regeneration procedures using different scaffolds. DESIGN: A systematic electronic literature search was performed in PubMed, Web of Science, Scopus, EMBASE, DOSS, and Cochrane Library databases. The terms used were a combination of the following: "immature permanent necrotic tooth or teeth" or "open apex or apices" and "regeneration or revitalization or revascularization" and "histology...
March 24, 2017: Dental Traumatology: Official Publication of International Association for Dental Traumatology
Giampiero Rossi-Fedele, Hany Mohamed Aly Ahmed
INTRODUCTION: The removal of obturation materials from the root canal system is a primary objective in root canal retreatment procedures. This systematic review aims to discuss the effectiveness of different instrumentation procedures in removing root-canal filling materials assessed by micro-computed tomography. METHODS: An electronic search in PubMed and major endodontic journals was conducted using appropriate key words to identify investigations that examined the effectiveness of obturation material removal assessed by micro-computed tomography...
April 2017: Journal of Endodontics
Amin Davoudi, Maryam Sanei, Hamid Badrian
Nowadays, lasers are widely used in many fields of medicine. Also, they can be applied at many branches of dental practice such as diagnosis, preventive procedures, restorative treatments, and endodontic therapies. Procedures like caries removal, re-mineralization, and vital pulp therapy are the most noticeable effects of laser irradiation which has gained much attention among clinicians. With controlled and appropriate wavelength, they can help stimulating dentinogenesis, controlling pulpal hemorrhage, sterilization, healing of collagenic proteins, formation of a fibrous matrix, and inducing hard tissue barrier...
2016: Open Dentistry Journal
Sang-Im Lee, Sun-Young Kim, Kyung-Ran Park, Eun-Cheol Kim
Baicalein is an active flavonoid extracted from the root of Scutellaria baicalensis that has anticancer and anti-inflammatory properties; its effects on osteoblastic and angiogenic potential are controversial. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of baicalein on odontoblastic differentiation and angiogenesis and the underlying mechanism in human dental pulp cells (HDPCs). Baicalein (1-10[Formula: see text][Formula: see text]M) had no cytotoxic effects and promoted alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity, mineralization assayed by Alizarin Red-S staining, and the mRNA expression of marker genes, in a concentration-dependent manner...
2016: American Journal of Chinese Medicine
G S Gill, A C Bhuyan, C Kalita, L Das, R Kataki, D Bhuyan
BACKGROUND: Apical periodontitis (AP) is one of the most prevalent diseases of the teeth. Treatment of AP is based on the removal of the cause, i.e., bacteria from the root canals. Achievement of adequate bacterial eradication in one appointment treatment remains a controversy. AIM: This prospective study was conducted with the objective to compare the periapical healing of teeth with AP treated in (a) single visit versus (b) two visits, either with or without Vitapex as an intracanal medicament...
January 2016: Annals of Medical and Health Sciences Research
Pooja Gupta Dudeja, Krishan Kumar Dudeja, Dhirendra Srivastava, Shibani Grover
There is no greater association between the basic science and the practice of endodontics than that of microbiology. One of the strongest factors contributing to the controversies often encountered in the endodontic field is the lack of understanding that the disease processes of the pulp and periradicular tissues generally have a microbiological etiology. The vast majority of diseases of dental pulp and periradicular tissues are associated with microorganisms. After the microbial invasion of these tissues, the host responds with both nonspecific inflammatory responses and with specific immunologic responses to encounter such infections...
September 2015: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology: JOMFP
David Green, Louis Mackenzie, Avijit Banerjee
The assessment and operative long-term management of direct restorations is a complex and controversial subject in conservative dentistry. Employing a minimally invasive (MI) approach helps preserve natural tooth structure and maintain endodontic health for as long as possible during the restorative cycle. This paper discusses how minimally invasive techniques may be applied practically to reviewing, resealing, refurbishing, repairing or replacing deteriorating/failed direct coronal restorations (the'5 Rs') and provides an update of contemporary MI clinical procedures...
June 2015: Dental Update
Aishwarya Bhat, Syed Sirajuddin, Sandeep S Prabhu, Sachidananda Chungkham, Chandrasekhar Bilichodmath
The tooth, the pulp tissue within it and its supporting structures should be viewed as one biologic unit. The interrelationship of these structures influences each other during health, function and disease. The interrelationship between periodontal and endodontic diseases has aroused much speculation, confusion and controversy. The endodontium and periodontiumare closely related and disease or damage of one tissue may lead to the involvement of the other.
2015: Open Dentistry Journal
Marina Barbosa Mello Machado, Luis Fernando Dos Santos Alves Morgan, Giovana Mongruel Gomes, Walison Arthuso Vasconcellos, Fabiano Pereira Cardoso, Rodrigo de Castro Albuquerque
BACKGROUND: To assist the retention of restorations prepared in endodontically treated teeth, fiber posts are widely used in dental practice. The ideal time to prepare space for the post is still controversial. AIM: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of immediate and delayed postspace preparation on the retention of the self-adhesive resin cement. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twelve bovine teeth were used with sectioned roots standardized to 19 mm...
May 2015: Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research
J J Segura-Egea, J Martín-González, L Castellanos-Cosano
The prevalence of apical periodontitis (AP) in Europe has been reported to affect 61% of individuals and 14% of teeth, and increase with age. Likewise, the prevalence of root canal treatment (RCT) in Europe is estimated to be around 30-50% of individuals and 2-9% of teeth with radiographic evidence of chronic persistent AP in 30-65% of root filled teeth (RFT). AP is not only a local phenomenon and for some time the medical and dental scientific community have analysed the possible connection between apical periodontits and systemic health...
October 2015: International Endodontic Journal
Amir Ali Reza Khaledi, Shekufe Sheykhian, Arash Khodaei
STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM: The survival of pulpless teeth restored with different post and core systems is still a controversial issue. PURPOSE: This study compared the retention of two different post and core systems and also the fracture resistance of teeth restored with these systems. MATERIAL AND METHOD: Eighty endodontically treated maxillary central incisors were sectioned perpendicular to the long axis at a point 2mm incisal to the cemento-enamel junction (CEJ) and then the root canals were obturated...
June 2015: Journal of Dentistry
Chenjiao Zhang, Jianrong Du, Zhixiang Peng
INTRODUCTION: The relationship between Enterococcus faecalis and pulpal or periradicular diseases has been studied for many years; however, whether E. faecalis is correlated with persistent intraradicular infections (teeth after failed endodontic treatments) compared with primary intraradicular infections remains controversial. The objective of this systematic review was to compare the prevalence of E. faecalis in primary and persistent intraradicular infections. METHODS: An exhaustive literature search combined with specified inclusion criteria was performed to collect all studies comparing the prevalence of E...
August 2015: Journal of Endodontics
Li-qin Zhao, Xin-yi Xu
PURPOSE: The verification of the best length of root canal instrumentation and obturation is still controversial in endodontics. The purpose of this study was to determine the influence of root canal working length on the clinical effect evaluated by periapical radiography and cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT). METHODS: A total of 503 root canal obturations were evaluated by using periapical radiography and CBCT. Distances from the radiographic apex to the tip of filling material were measured and classified as 1-2 mm, less than 1 mm, beyond apex, and at the apex...
December 2014: Shanghai Kou Qiang Yi Xue, Shanghai Journal of Stomatology
P Ratnakar, Rashmi Bhosgi, Kiran Kumar Metta, Kanika Aggarwal, S Vinuta, Navneet Singh
BACKGROUND: The aim of endodontic and restorative dentistry is the conservation of natural tooth structure. Endodontically treated tooth (ETT) undergoes loss of tooth structure and changes in physical characteristics. Therefore, proper selection of restoration for ETT is mandatory. The clinical approach of restoring ETT needs taking into considerations several issues. However, the best way to restore teeth after root canal treatment has long been and still a controversial subject to debate...
November 2014: Journal of International Oral Health: JIOH
Ramin Mosharraf, Sepideh Zare
OBJECTIVES: An important factor that interferes with the bonding between the root canal wall and resin cement is the root canal sealer remnant. There is controversy about the effect of eugenol-containing sealers on the bond strength between resin cements and fiber post. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of the type of endodontic sealer on the bond strength of FRC posts cemented with resin cement to the root canal wall. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this in vitro study, 20 extracted mandibular first premolars were endodontically treated and divided into two groups according to the endodontic sealer used (n=10): G1: AH26 (Resin based); and G2: Endofill (Eugenol-based)...
July 2014: Journal of Dentistry of Tehran University of Medical Sciences
Masoud Saatchi, Ali Shokraneh, Hooman Navaei, Mohammad Reza Maracy, Hasan Shojaei
OBJECTIVE: Enterococcus faecalis (E. faecalis) is the most frequently isolated strain in failed endodontic therapy cases since it is resistant to calcium hydroxide (CH). Whether a combination of CH and chlorhexidine (CHX) is more effective than CH alone against E. faecalis is a matter of controversy. Thus, the aim of this study was to conduct a systematic review and meta-analysis of the literature. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A comprehensive search in PubMed, EMbase, EBSCOhost, The Cochrane Library, SciELO, and BBO databases, Clinical trials registers, Open Grey, and conference proceedings from the earliest available date to February 1, 2013 was carried out and the relevant articles were identified by two independent reviewers...
September 2014: Journal of Applied Oral Science: Revista FOB
M R Howlader, S S Chowdhury, M Rahman, A Hossain, T A Zannat
Single-visit root canal therapy is one of the reality in modern endodontics globally, both for vital and non-vital teeth, despite many research efforts and much controversy, specially when post-operative pain is concerned. There are increased post-operative complications as pain, swelling, discomfort in managing teeth having symptomatic pulpal pathosis. To clinically verify the possibility to treat symptomatic vital and non-vital teeth in one visit technique, 126 patiens were selected and advised to undergone single visit endodontic treatment at the Department of Conservative Dentistry and Endodontics, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University, Dhaka...
April 2014: Mymensingh Medical Journal: MMJ
Khalid S Al-Fouzan
The interrelationship between periodontal and endodontic disease has always aroused confusion, queries, and controversy. Differentiating between a periodontal and an endodontic problem can be difficult. A symptomatic tooth may have pain of periodontal and/or pulpal origin. The nature of that pain is often the first clue in determining the etiology of such a problem. Radiographic and clinical evaluation can help clarify the nature of the problem. In some cases, the influence of pulpal pathology may cause the periodontal involvement and vice versa...
2014: International Journal of Dentistry
Prahlad A Saraf, Sharad Kamat, R S Puranik, Surekha Puranik, Suma P Saraf, Bhanu Pratap Singh
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Periapical lesions often present differently on the radiograph resulting in a dilemma in the mind of the dentist to arrive at a final diagnosis. Although, histopathologic diagnosis has been used for confirmation of the true nature of periapical lesion, the concept of transformation of periapical granulomas containing epithelium without cystification into cyst remains controversial. The aim of this in vivo study was to evaluate the efficacy of conventional radiography and histopathology in differentiating periapical lesions in adjunct with immunohistochemical analysis...
March 2014: Journal of Conservative Dentistry: JCD
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