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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164293/evaluating-partnerships-to-enhance-disaster-risk-management-using-multi-criteria-analysis-an-application-at-the-pan-european-level
#1
REVIEW
Stefan Hochrainer-Stigler, Anna Lorant
Disaster risk is increasingly recognized as a major development challenge. Recent calls emphasize the need to proactively engage in disaster risk reduction, as well as to establish new partnerships between private and public sector entities in order to decrease current and future risks. Very often such potential partnerships have to meet different objectives reflecting on the priorities of stakeholders involved. Consequently, potential partnerships need to be assessed on multiple criteria to determine weakest links and greatest threats in collaboration...
November 21, 2017: Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132760/hepatitis-c-in-sub-saharan-africa-the-current-status-and-recommendations-for-achieving-elimination-by-2030
#2
REVIEW
Mark W Sonderup, Mary Afihene, Reidwaan Ally, Betty Apica, Yaw Awuku, Lina Cunha, Geoffrey Dusheiko, Neliswa Gogela, Marie-Jeanne Lohouès-Kouacou, Phillip Lam, Olufunmilayo Lesi, Papa Saliou Mbaye, Emmanuel Musabeyezu, Betty Musau, Olesegun Ojo, John Rwegasha, Barbara Scholz, Abate B Shewaye, Christian Tzeuton, Chris Kassianides, C Wendy Spearman
In 2016, WHO adopted a strategy for the elimination of viral hepatitis by 2030. Africa, and more specifically, sub-Saharan Africa, carries a substantial portion of the global burden of viral hepatitis, especially chronic hepatitis B and hepatitis C virus infections. The task that lies ahead for sub-Saharan Africa to achieve elimination is substantial, but not insurmountable. Major developments in the management of hepatitis C have put elimination within reach, but several difficulties will need to be navigated on the path to elimination...
December 2017: Lancet. Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132759/hepatitis-b-in-sub-saharan-africa-strategies-to-achieve-the-2030-elimination-targets
#3
REVIEW
C Wendy Spearman, Mary Afihene, Reidwaan Ally, Betty Apica, Yaw Awuku, Lina Cunha, Geoffrey Dusheiko, Neliswa Gogela, Chris Kassianides, Michael Kew, Philip Lam, Olufunmilayo Lesi, Marie-Jeanne Lohouès-Kouacou, Papa Saliou Mbaye, Emmanuel Musabeyezu, Betty Musau, Olusegun Ojo, John Rwegasha, Barbara Scholz, Abate B Shewaye, Christian Tzeuton, Mark W Sonderup
The WHO global health sector strategy on viral hepatitis, created in May, 2016, aims to achieve a 90% reduction in new cases of chronic hepatitis B and C and a 65% reduction in mortality due to hepatitis B and C by 2030. Hepatitis B virus (HBV) is endemic in sub-Saharan Africa, and despite the introduction of universal hepatitis B vaccination and effective antiviral therapy, the estimated overall seroprevalence of hepatitis B surface antigen remains high at 6·1% (95% uncertainty interval 4·6-8·5). In this Series paper, we have reviewed the literature to examine the epidemiology, burden of liver disease, and elimination strategies of hepatitis B in sub-Saharan Africa...
December 2017: Lancet. Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29084131/workplace-health-promotion-programs-for-older-workers-in-italy
#4
Nicola Magnavita, Ilaria Capitanelli, Sergio Garbarino, Daniele Ignazio La Milia, Umberto Moscato, Enrico Pira, Andrea Poscia, Walter Ricciardi
BACKGROUND: Italy is the European country with the highest number of citizens over the age of sixty. In recent years, the unsustainability of the social security system has forced the Italian government to raise the retirement age and reduce the chances of early exit, thus sharply increasing the age of the workforce. Consequently, a significant proportion of older workers are currently obliged to do jobs that were designed for young people. Systematic health promotion intervention for older workers is therefore essential...
October 27, 2017: La Medicina del Lavoro
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29074766/big-data-and-the-industrialization-of-neuroscience-a-safe-roadmap-for-understanding-the-brain
#5
REVIEW
Yves Frégnac
New technologies in neuroscience generate reams of data at an exponentially increasing rate, spurring the design of very-large-scale data-mining initiatives. Several supranational ventures are contemplating the possibility of achieving, within the next decade(s), full simulation of the human brain.
October 27, 2017: Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28969600/evaluation-of-mycobacterium-tuberculosis-viability-in-omnigene-sputum-reagent-upon-multi-day-transport-at-ambient-temperature
#6
Elisa Tagliani, Riccardo Alagna, Silva Tafaj, Hasan Hafizi, Daniela Maria Cirillo
BACKGROUND: Maintaining the quality of clinical specimens for tuberculosis (TB) testing is a major challenge in many high TB burden-limited resources countries. Sample referral systems in low and middle income countries are often weak and the maintenance of the cold-chain challenging and very costly for TB programs. The development of transport media allowing the preservation of samples without refrigeration is critical for increasing access to TB diagnostic services and for reducing the costs related to testing...
October 2, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932574/lung-allocation
#7
REVIEW
Jens Gottlieb
Shortage of donor lungs in most western countries and broadening of indications for lung transplantation (LTx) has led increased waiting list mortality in the past. Usually donor lungs and recipients are matched by size as measured by total lung capacity and blood type in first order. In some countries regional allocation comes first, in other countries a national wait list exists and some nations are organized in supranational allocation systems. Organ distribution should respect the ethical principles of equity, justice, beneficence and utility...
August 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792570/-the-global-model-of-public-mental-health-and-recovery-mentors
#8
Jean-François Pelletier, Émilie Auclair
Objectives The aim of this paper is to revisit the Global Model of Public Mental Health (GMPMH) in light of the 4th Civic Forum. Recovery mentors of the University of Recovery chaired this public event, which was held in East-end Montreal, Canada, in 2016. The University of Recovery is a concept of co-learning among its members.Methods Being able to refer to international conventions and human rights standards is a key component of a genuine global approach that is supportive of individuals and communities in their quest for recovery and full citizenship...
2017: Santé Mentale Au Québec
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712666/molecular-surveillance-of-measles-and-rubella-in-the-who-european-region-new-challenges-in-the-elimination-phase
#9
REVIEW
S Santibanez, J M Hübschen, M C Ben Mamou, M Muscat, K E Brown, R Myers, O Donoso Mantke, H Zeichhardt, D Brockmann, S V Shulga, C P Muller, P M O'Connor, M N Mulders, A Mankertz
BACKGROUND: The WHO European Region (EUR) has adopted the goal of eliminating measles and rubella but individual countries perform differently in achieving this goal. Measles virus spread across the EUR by mobile groups has recently led to large outbreaks in the insufficiently vaccinated resident population. As an instrument for monitoring the elimination process and verifying the interruption of endemic virus transmission, molecular surveillance has to provide valid and representative data...
August 2017: Clinical Microbiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28571023/is-the-fight-against-doping-in-sport-a-legal-minefield-like-any-other
#10
Ulrich Haas
In the fight against doping, creating a level playing field across all sports is very challenging from a legal perspective. A harmonized approach presupposes first and foremost a supreme regulatory authority on a global level. This task cannot be attributed to the public sector, because there is no supranational authority of public international law capable of dealing with it. Thus, responsibility has to be assumed by a private law entity. This in turn requires complicated contractual agreements by which duties and responsibilities are transferred from the individual to the national level and from there to the top of the pyramid...
2017: Medicine and Sport Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28558425/production-and-consumption-based-water-dynamics-a-longitudinal-analysis-for-the-eu27
#11
Ana Serrano, Javier Valbuena
This paper investigates the relationship between economic development and water pressures using a global Multiregional Input-Output model (MRIO) dataset that takes into account the increasingly connected global supply chains underlying the economic systems. In particular, we analyse differences in water indicator outcomes by income level among European Union countries (EU27) from 1995 to 2008, focusing specifically on production and consumption-based water metrics for the member states. We use panel fixed effects regressions to study the dynamics of adjustment of water resources alongside controlling for individual country heterogeneity...
December 1, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529302/changes-of-global-infectious-disease-governance-in-2000s-rise-of-global-health-security-and-transformation-of-infectious-disease-control-system-in-south-korea
#12
Eun Kyung Choi, Jong-Koo Lee
This paper focus upon the changes of global infectious disease governance in 2000s and the transformation of infectious disease control system in South Korea. Traditionally, infectious disease was globally governed by the quarantine regulated by the international conventions. When an infectious disease outbreak occurred in one country, each country prevented transmission of the disease through the standardized quarantine since the installation of international sanitary convention in 1892. Republic of Korea also organized the infectious disease control system with quarantine and disease report procedure after the establishment of government...
December 2016: Ŭi Sahak
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28476250/-freedom-of-movement-a-basic-right-a-regulated-restriction
#13
Marilyn Bourbon-Vincent
Freedom of movement is recognised by national and supranational law. It falls within the scope of the definition of freedom set out in the Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen, in 1789. It is also legally formulated and recognised as a basic right in two European texts: the Universal Declaration of Human Rights of 10th December 1948 and the European Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms of 4th November 1950. How can it be respected in psychiatry, in view of the obligation to provide care and safety?...
May 2017: Soins. Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28471613/rare-diseases-in-europe-from-a-wide-to-a-local-perspective
#14
REVIEW
Simone Baldovino, Antoni Montserrat Moliner, Domenica Taruscio, Erica Daina, Dario Roccatello
The European Union defines rare diseases (RDs) as life-threatening or chronically debilitating conditions whose prevalence is less than 5 per 10,000. Moreover, for many RDs, including those of genetic origin, combined efforts are required to reduce morbidity or perinatal or early mortality, and address the considerable decline in an individual's quality of life and socioeconomic potential. Their specificities, i.e., a limited number of patients and scarcity of relevant knowledge and expertise, make RDs a unique condition which requires wide cooperation at a supranational level...
June 2016: Israel Medical Association Journal: IMAJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28388916/a-critique-of-the-regulation-of-data-science-in-healthcare-research-in-the-european-union
#15
John M M Rumbold, Barbara K Pierscionek
The EU offers a suitable milieu for the comparison and harmonisation of healthcare across different languages, cultures, and jurisdictions (albeit with a supranational legal framework), which could provide improvements in healthcare standards across the bloc. There are specific ethico-legal issues with the use of data in healthcare research that mandate a different approach from other forms of research. The use of healthcare data over a long period of time is similar to the use of tissue in biobanks. There is a low risk to subjects but it is impossible to gain specific informed consent given the future possibilities for research...
April 8, 2017: BMC Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28280872/interventions-to-mitigate-the-effects-of-poverty-and-inequality-on-mental-health
#16
REVIEW
Kristian Wahlbeck, Johanna Cresswell-Smith, Peija Haaramo, Johannes Parkkonen
PURPOSE: To review psychosocial and policy interventions which mitigate the effects of poverty and inequality on mental health. METHODS: Systematic reviews, controlled trials and realist evaluations of the last 10 years are reviewed, without age or geographical restrictions. RESULTS: Effective psychosocial interventions on individual and family level, such as parenting support programmes, exist. The evidence for mental health impact of broader community-based interventions, e...
May 2017: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219265/womb-rentals-and-baby-selling-does-surrogacy-undermine-the-human-dignity-and-rights-of-the-surrogate-mother-and-child
#17
Clara Watson
The question of surrogacy has dominated much of the European human rights agenda over the last two years, at the time writing, the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe hopes to adopt a resolution on surrogacy in the coming months. There is, however, danger in taking action at a supranational level to address the European 'surrogacy problem', without first honestly answering the question: does surrogacy undermine the human dignity and rights of the surrogate mother and child? This paper presents the case that surrogacy, by its nature, necessarily undermines the human dignity of both the woman and child born through such arrangements, and thus neither commercial nor altruistic surrogacy can ever be justified...
November 2016: New Bioethics: a Multidisciplinary Journal of Biotechnology and the Body
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152809/patient-support-call-center-interaction-with-the-oncology-clinic
#18
Melissa Jameson, Kathryn Eagye, Mitra Abdullahpour, Michael A Kolodziej, Maria Sipala, Amy Supraner, J Russell Hoverman
84 Background: Cancer patients receiving chemotherapy can become ill, often leading to hospitalization, adding huge costs to care. This is especially true with older cancer patients. Innovent Oncology (IO), an oncology disease management program, and Texas Oncology (TO) are conducting a novel program, funded by Aetna. Patients who begin IV chemotherapy are called by an IO nurse, working remotely, but with access to TO's Electronic Medical Record. If the call center nurse detects a concern she notifies the practice...
March 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105555/malaria-and-economic-evaluation-methods-challenges-and-opportunities
#19
Tom L Drake, Yoel Lubell
There is a growing evidence base on the cost effectiveness of malaria interventions. However, certain characteristics of malaria decision problems present a challenge to the application of healthcare economic evaluation methods. This paper identifies five such challenges. The complexities of (i) declining incidence and cost effectiveness in the context of an elimination campaign; (ii) international aid and its effect on resource constraints; and (iii) supranational priority setting, all affect how health economists might use a cost-effectiveness threshold...
June 2017: Applied Health Economics and Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28043601/best-approaches-to-drug-resistance-surveillance-at-the-country-level
#20
A M Cabibbe, D M Cirillo
In 2014, the World Health Organization (WHO) recommendation to include the endorsed rapid molecular technologies (Xpert MTB/RIF, line probe assays) into surveillance systems and surveys allowed the testing of more tuberculosis (TB) patients for drug resistance at country level than ever before. The whole genome sequencing (WGS) approach is emerging as a more powerful tool for epidemiological and drug-resistant routine surveillances, promising a rapid and simultaneous screening of all the clinically-relevant mutations for the determination of resistance to the first-, second-line, and new anti-TB drugs...
December 2016: International Journal of Mycobacteriology
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