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Aspiration of foreign bodies

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331885/autonomously-hyperfunctioning-cystic-nodule-harbouring-thyroid-carcinoma-case-report-and-literature-review
#1
Maria João Lima, Virgínia Soares, Pedro Koch, Artur Silva, António Taveira-Gomes
INTRODUCTION: Hyperthyroidism is rarely associated with malignancy, but it cannot rule out thyroid cancer. Although there is published data describing this coexistence, thyroid carcinomas inside autonomously functioning nodules are uncommon. PRESENTATION OF CASE: A 49-year-old woman presented with a cervical mass, unexplained weight loss and anxiousness, sweating and insomnia. On physical examination, she had a palpable left thyroid nodule. Thyroid function tests showed suppressed TSH (<0,1 uUI/mL), thyroxine 1,44 ng/dL (normal range 0,70-1,48) and triiodothyronine 4,33 pg/mL (normal range 1,71-3,71)...
January 8, 2018: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327964/endoscopic-removal-of-gastrointestinal-foreign-bodies-in-two-african-grey-parrots-psittacus-erithacus-and-a-hyacinth-macaw-anodorhynchus-hyacinthinus
#2
Robert J Cotton, Stephen J Divers
Two African grey parrots ( Psittacus erithacus) and one hyacinth macaw ( Anodorhynchus hyacinthinus) were examined because of varying clinical signs ranging from general lethargy to seizure-like episodes and regurgitation. Radiography and fluoroscopy in the 3 birds demonstrated variable degrees of gastric abnormalities, suggesting the presence of foreign material or stricture-like defects. Upper gastrointestinal rigid endoscopy by ingluviotomy revealed foreign bodies that were removed endoscopically. Minor postoperative complications were pulmonary congestion or mild aspiration and cardiac arrhythmia, both of which resolved, and no serious deleterious effects were associated with endoscopy in the short or long term...
December 2017: Journal of Avian Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320791/-what-to-do-when-a-child-is-choking
#3
Jost Kaufmann, Michael Laschat, Frank Wappler
Both ingestion and aspiration of foreign bodies are common events in children. If a child had something in his mouth and thereafter respiratory or swallowing complaints occur, both aspiration and ingestion are possible causes. Both events can be immediately life threatening or, if a direct threat is absent, cause significant long-term impairments for the children. Therefore, the identification of any possible threat is essential. This paper identifies the diagnostic and therapeutic options and needs that will ensure the best possible safety and the least possible consequential harm...
January 2018: Anästhesiologie, Intensivmedizin, Notfallmedizin, Schmerztherapie: AINS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29311403/pyogenic-liver-abscess-secondary-to-foreign-body-fish-bone-treated-by-laparoscopy-a-case-report
#4
Renato G Bandeira-de-Mello, Gabriel Bondar, Eduardo Schneider, Isabel Cristina Wiener-Stensmann, Juliano Bohrer Gressler, Cleber Rosito Pinto Kruel
Liver abscess due to perforation of the gastrointestinal tract by a foreign body is a rare and possibly fatal event. Diagnosing this pathology is complicated by the lack of specific symptoms and unfamiliarity of ingestion by the patient and low clinical suspicion of this disease. In the case of liver abscess unresponsive to aspiration and administration of antibiotics, this hypothesis must be made, despite its low incidence. This case report describes and illustrates a case of liver abscess secondary to fish bone ingestion with consequent piercing of the lesser gastric curvature, diagnosed by computed tomography and specific anamnesis...
December 27, 2017: Annals of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29299092/calcification-of-the-epiglottis-presenting-as-foreign-body-sensation-in-the-neck
#5
Sunil Jeph, Michael Aidi, Ahmed Shah, Thu-Thao Ly, Oleg Bronov
The epiglottis plays an important role in preventing food of different consistencies from entering the airway during swallowing. Calcification of epiglottis can, potentially, alter and limit its movement causing aspiration amongst other swallowing problems. Isolated calcification of the epiglottis and its clinical presentation remains a poorly understood entity for radiologists as well as clinicians. Therefore, it is important to recognize the imaging features of epiglottic calcification, and it's known clinical presentations to help clinicians with early diagnosis and management...
June 2017: Journal of Radiology Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29287885/low-rate-of-positive-bronchoscopy-for-suspected-foreign-body-aspiration-in-infants
#6
Cameron C Sheehan, Joseph Lopez, Charles A Elmaraghy
OBJECTIVES: To describe our institution's low rate of positive bronchoscopy in infants suspected of inhaling a foreign body. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective chart review. METHODS: A retrospective review was performed of patients at a tertiary children's hospital with suspected inhalation of a foreign body. Charts were reviewed for demographic information, radiologic findings, operative reports, and respiratory viral panels were reviewed. RESULTS: Sixteen pediatric patients under 12 months of age were identified from 2008 to 2016 with a diagnosis of possible airway foreign body inhalation who underwent emergent bronchoscopy...
January 2018: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29286460/novel-diagnostics-in-revision-arthroplasty-implant-sonication-and-multiplex-polymerase-chain-reaction
#7
Gunnar T R Hischebeth, Sascha Gravius, Johanna K Buhr, Ernst Molitor, Matthias D Wimmer, Achim Hoerauf, Isabelle Bekeredjian-Ding, Thomas M Randau
In orthopedic patients, foreign body-associated infections, especially periprosthetic joint infections (PJIs), are a devastating complication of arthroplasty. Infection requires complex treatment, may result in long hospitalization and causes considerable costs. Multiple surgical revisions can be necessary in these patients, with a loss in function as well as in quality of life. The routine preoperative diagnostics include blood examination for C-reactive protein (CRP) and other biomarkers, as well as joint aspirate analysis for cell count, differentiation, and culture...
December 3, 2017: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284841/a-retrospective-analysis-on-anesthetic-management-during-rigid-bronchoscopy-in-children-with-foreign-body-aspiration-propofol-and-sevoflurane-with-controlled-ventilation
#8
Rashmi Venkatesh Annigeri, Rashmi Suresh Patil
Background: Bronchoscopic removal of foreign body in the airway is one of the important life-saving procedure and demands skill and expertise on the part of the surgeon and anesthesiologist. Aim: To study the outcome of controlled ventilation during rigid bronchoscopy in children with foreign body aspiration. Materials and Methods: A review of fifty cases of foreign body in the bronchi, from January 2014 to December 2015 was undertaken in Vittal Institute of Child Care Hospital, Dharwad, through patient case records...
October 2017: Anesthesia, Essays and Researches
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242258/ers-statement-interventional-bronchoscopy-in-children
#9
Ernst Eber, Juan L Antón-Pacheco, Jacques de Blic, Iolo Doull, Al Faro, Raffaella Nenna, Thomas Nicolai, Petr Pohunek, Kostas N Priftis, Paola Serio, Courtney Coleman, Sarah Masefield, Thomy Tonia, Fabio Midulla
Paediatric airway endoscopy is accepted as a diagnostic and therapeutic procedure, with an expanding number of indications and applications in children. The aim of this European Respiratory Society task force was to produce a statement on interventional bronchoscopy in children, describing the evidence available at present and current clinical practice, and identifying areas deserving further investigation. The multidisciplinary task force panel performed a systematic review of the literature, focusing on whole lung lavage, transbronchial and endobronchial biopsy, transbronchial needle aspiration with endobronchial ultrasound, foreign body extraction, balloon dilation and occlusion, laser-assisted procedures, usage of airway stents, microdebriders, cryotherapy, endoscopic intubation, application of drugs and other liquids, and caregiver perspectives...
December 2017: European Respiratory Journal: Official Journal of the European Society for Clinical Respiratory Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238672/rigid-bronchoscopy-in-pediatric-patients
#10
Vikas Sinha, Samanth Talagauara Umesh, Sushil G Jha
Aspiration of foreign-bodies remains a major life-threatening situation in children and have always been a source of interest and confusion to otolaryngologists due to their varied presentations. These conditions if not promptly diagnosed and managed can prove to be fatal, but the current mortality is only one percent compared to pre bronchoscopy era (Rothman and Boeckman in Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol 89:434-436, 1980). Peak incidence of this condition is in early childhood due to child's habit of putting small objects in mouth to determine their taste and texture and chew while teething...
December 2017: Indian Journal of Otolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230286/asthma-mimic-case-report-and-literature-review-of-vocal-cord-nodule-associated-with-wheezing
#11
Muhammad Kashif, Tushi Singh, Ahsan Aslam, Misbahuddin Khaja
Asthma is a heterogeneous disease, usually characterized by chronic airway inflammation. Various clinical conditions can mimic asthma, such as foreign body aspiration, subglottic stenosis, congestive heart failure, diffuse panbronchiolitis, aortic arch anomalies, reactive airway dysfunction syndrome, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, retrosternal goiter, vocal cord tumors, other airway tumors, and vocal cord dysfunction. Upper airway obstruction can be a life-threatening emergency. Here, we present the case of a 58-year-old female with recurrent hospital visits for wheezing and exacerbations of asthma, who was later found to have a vocal cord nodule confirmed to be squamous cell carcinoma, which was mimicking like asthma...
2017: SAGE Open Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226187/tracheobronchial-foreign-bodies-in-children-the-role-of-emergency-rigid-bronchoscopy
#12
Aram Baram, Hewa Sherzad, Sara Saeed, Fahmi H Kakamad, Adnan M H Hamawandi
Foreign body aspiration (FBA) is a common and lethal accident in the pediatric age group. It requires early recognition and treatment by rigid bronchoscopy to avoid fatal outcomes. Objective. The aim of this study was to study the pattern of FBA in the tracheobronchial tree as well as the success rate of rigid bronchoscopy in children admitted to a single center and to analyze the relationship of the type of foreign body (FB) with patients' age, presentation, and complications. Methods. A retrospective cross-sectional study of FBA was conducted in children in the Sulaimani/Kurdistan region, Iraq, admitted to the emergency teaching hospital of the University of Sulaimani from January 2014 to March 2016...
2017: Global Pediatric Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225197/percutaneous-transgastrostomic-interventional-radiology-operated-endoscopy-facilitates-foreign-body-removal-using-rigid-endobronchial-forceps
#13
Mamdouh Khayat, Jawad S Hussain, Jeffrey Forris Beecham Chick, Anthony N Hage, Ravi N Srinivasa
Retained foreign bodies within the stomach and proximal small bowel may be problematic in patients with prior cerebrovascular injury or head, neck and esophageal malignancy, given the increased vulnerability of this patient population to complications from aspiration and increased difficulty of esophagogastroduodenoscopy in cases of tumoral obstruction. This article presents an alternative method for foreign body retrieval through an existing gastrostomy tract, which offers the benefits of fast procedure times, reduction in radiation dose and fluoroscopy time, and allows for safer retrieval of foreign bodies by using direct visualization...
December 8, 2017: Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology: Official Journal of the Turkish Society of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221325/foreign-body-aspiration-in-adult-airways-therapeutic-approach
#14
REVIEW
Justin C Hewlett, Otis B Rickman, Robert J Lentz, Udaya B Prakash, Fabien Maldonado
Tracheobronchial foreign body (FB) aspiration is an uncommon but potentially life-threatening event in adults. Symptoms typically consist of a choking event followed by cough and dyspnea, however, these findings are inconsistent and symptoms may mimic more chronic lung diseases such as asthma or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Chest radiography and computed tomography can provide information regarding the location and characteristics of foreign bodies and aid in diagnosis. Bronchoscopy remains the gold standard for diagnosis and management of FB aspiration...
September 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217935/bronchoscopy-in-nigerian-clinical-practice-a-survey-of-medical-doctors-perception-use-and-associated-challenges
#15
Adekunle Olatayo Adeoti, Olufemi Olumuyiwa Desalu, Joseph Olusesan Fadare, Wemimo Alaofin, Cajetan Chigozie Onyedum
Background: Bronchoscopy is a vital diagnostic and therapeutic procedure in pulmonological practice. The aim of this study was to determine the perception, use and challenges encountered by Nigerian medical doctors involved in this procedure. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 250 medical doctors recruited from three major tertiary institutions in Nigeria between September 2013 and June 2014. A semi-structured questionnaire was self-administered to adult physicians, paediatricians, and surgeons as well as their trainees to obtain their perception, use and associated challenges in the use of bronchoscopy in clinical practice...
July 2017: Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207761/foreign-body-aspiration-an-unusual-presentation-and-outcome
#16
Surabhi Jaggi, Anuj Kumar, Kranti Garg, Deepak Aggarwal, Reetu Kundu
Foreign body aspiration mostly presents as acute emergency with cough, choking and dyspnoea. Rarely aspiration of foreign body may be the underlying cause in patients presenting with long term symptomatologies. Here is a case of 60-year-old male who came for surgical management of cholelithiasis. During his workup, X-ray chest revealed right paracardiac opacity. Fibre-optic bronchoscopy showed a mass lesion in right main bronchus. It was taken out of the airways by flexible bronchoscope but could not be retrieved...
September 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163661/ultrasound-guided-removal-of-hypopharyngeal-foreign-body-in-the-emergency-department
#17
Nadia Maria Shaukat, Alexis Lenz, Poonam Desai
Foreign body impaction at the cricopharyngeal level can be a life-threatening emergency. While traditionally, removal of these is performed in the operating room setting, patients with relatively unstable airways or significant discomfort may require immediate extraction to prevent further injury. This is the case of an 85-year-old man who presented to the emergency department in significant discomfort following aspiration of a large partial denture. We report here the first known use of ultrasound in an emergent airway situation to rapidly localize and retrieve an aspirated foreign body...
November 2017: Ultrasound: Journal of the British Medical Ultrasound Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143391/an-all-zirconia-crown-discovered-2-years-following-aspiration
#18
Han Qin, Hai Qing, Na Hu, Hui Zhu, Jian Wang
Accidental aspiration or ingestion can occur in dental treatment, as most procedures are performed with the patient in a supine position or semi-recumbent position. Aspiration of foreign bodies commonly causes acute symptoms such as violent coughing, choking, and dyspnea; however, if foreign bodies are stuck distally to the lower lobe bronchi or the bronchus intermedius, acute presentation can be rare. This clinical report documents a 68-year-old male patient who accidentally aspirated an all-zirconia crown during the try-in procedure...
November 16, 2017: Journal of Prosthodontics: Official Journal of the American College of Prosthodontists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142853/silk-suture-reaction-in-thyroid-surgery
#19
Selen Soylu, Akif Enes Arikan, Serkan Teksoz, Murat Ozcan, Yusuf Bukey
Silk suture reaction (i.e., a benign granulomatous inflammatory foreign body reaction) is a rare complication of thyroid surgery. Here, two cases of post-thyroidectomy suture reaction are presented. Both of the patients were female, one is 48 and the other is 34 years old. The patients were presented with neck swelling and leakage of serous fluid from the Kocher's incision. Both patients had normal free T4, free T3, and TSH values. The 48-year-old female patient had a right subtotal and left near-total thyroidectomy 6 years ago and the other had bilateral total thyroidectomy 6 years ago...
October 2017: Gland Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29115206/bronchoscopy-in-children-suspected-of-lower-airway-aspiration
#20
Sine Holst-Albrechtsen, Søren Kristensen, Knud Larsen
INTRODUCTION: Foreign body aspiration (FBA) of the bronchial tree may be a life-threatening condition in children. This retrospective study explores the anamnestic, clinical and objective findings in patients with FBA to the lungs and evaluates the frequency and outcome of the condition in patients in the age group of highest risk. METHOD: Medical files from patients below 18 years of age who had a foreign body removed from the lungs in our hospital were extracted using the procedure code for removal of foreign bodies in the lower airways ("Danish Patient Register") in the period 1990-2013...
November 2017: Danish Medical Journal
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