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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635480/leadership-styles-in-nursing
#1
Vicki Cope, Melanie Murray
Nurses are often asked to think about leadership, particularly in times of rapid change in healthcare, and where questions have been raised about whether leaders and managers have adequate insight into the requirements of care. This article discusses several leadership styles relevant to contemporary healthcare and nursing practice. Nurses who are aware of leadership styles may find this knowledge useful in maintaining a cohesive working environment. Leadership knowledge and skills can be improved through training, where, rather than having to undertake formal leadership roles without adequate preparation, nurses are able to learn, nurture, model and develop effective leadership behaviours, ultimately improving nursing staff retention and enhancing the delivery of safe and effective care...
June 21, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632597/leadership-communication-and-negotiation-across-a-diverse-workforce-an-aoa-critical-issues-symposium
#2
Denis R Clohisy, Michael J Yaszemski, Joanne Lipman
The current workforce in the United States is rapidly changing and is increasingly inclusive of individuals from a broad range of ages, ethnicities, and cultural backgrounds. Engaging and leading a diverse workforce creates great opportunities for innovation and adaptation in our evolving medical economic and clinical care delivery environment. For optimal engagement of employees and partners, orthopaedic surgeons must develop the necessary skills for executing change inside complex organizations and across teams composed of a variety of providers and skilled workers...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632010/designing-a-national-longitudinal-faculty-development-curriculum-focused-on-educational-scholarship-process-outcomes-and-lessons-learned
#3
Latha Chandran, Maryellen E Gusic, J Lindsey Lane, Constance D Baldwin
PROBLEM: Clinical educators at U.S. academic health centers are frequently disadvantaged in the academic promotion system, lacking needed faculty development, mentoring, and networking support. INTERVENTION: In 2006, we implemented the national Educational Scholars Program to offer faculty development in educational scholarship for early career educators in pediatrics. We aimed to provide them with skills, experience, and initial success in educational scholarship and dissemination...
March 2, 2017: Teaching and Learning in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629328/impact-of-systematic-capacity-building-on-cataract-surgical-service-development-in-25-hospitals
#4
Katherine Judson, Paul Courtright, Thulsiraj Ravilla, Rohit Khanna, Ken Bassett
BACKGROUND: This study measured the effectiveness and cost of a capacity building intervention in 25 eye hospitals in South Asia, East Africa and Latin America over 4 years. The intervention involved eye care non-governmental organizations or high-performing eye hospitals acting as "mentors" to underperforming eye hospitals- "mentees" in 10 countries. Intervention activities included systematic planning and support for training and key equipment purchases as well as hospital-specific mentoring which focused on strengthening leadership, increasing the volume and equity of community outreach, improving surgical quality and volume, strengthening organizational and financial management and streamlining operational processes...
June 19, 2017: BMC Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628076/promoting-simulation-globally-networking-with-nursing-colleagues-across-five-continents
#5
Celeste M Alfes, Elizabeth A Madigan
Simulation education is gaining momentum internationally and may provide the opportunity to enhance clinical education while disseminating evidence-based practice standards for clinical simulation and learning. There is a need to develop a cohesive leadership group that fosters support, networking, and sharing of simulation resources globally. The Frances Payne Bolton School of Nursing at Case Western Reserve University has had the unique opportunity to establish academic exchange programs with schools of nursing across five continents...
July 2017: Nursing Education Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626753/health-brokers-how-can-they-help-deal-with-the-wickedness-of-public-health-problems
#6
Celeste E van Rinsum, Sanne M P L Gerards, Geert M Rutten, Ien A M van de Goor, Stef P J Kremers
BACKGROUND: The role of health broker is a relatively new one in public health. Health brokers aim to create support for efforts to optimise health promotion in complex or even "wicked" public health contexts by facilitating intersectoral collaborations and by exchanging knowledge with different stakeholders. The current study aimed to explore the role of health brokers, by examining the motivational, contextual, and behaviour-related factors they have to deal with. METHODS: Fifteen professionals from various backgrounds and from various policy and practice organisations were recruited for a semistructured interview...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622406/building-bridges-to-address-health-disparities-in-puerto-rico-the-salud-para-pi%C3%A3-ones-project
#7
Enid J García-Rivera, Princess Pacheco, Marielis Colón, Mary Helen Mays, Maricruz Rivera, Verónica Munet-Díaz, María Del R González, María Rodríguez, Rebecca Rodríguez, Astrid Morales
Over the past several decades, Puerto Ricans have faced increased health threats from chronic diseases, particularly diabetes and hypertension. The patient-provider relationship is the main platform for individual disease management, whereas the community, as an agent of change for the community's health status, has been limited in its support of individual health. Likewise, traditional research approaches within communities have placed academic researchers at the center of the process, considering their knowledge was of greater value than that of the community...
June 2017: Puerto Rico Health Sciences Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620966/the-embodied-nurse-interdisciplinary-knowledge-exchange-between-compassionate-nursing-and-recent-developments-in-embodied-leadership-studies
#8
Kushwanth Koya, Jane Anderson, Petia Sice
AIM: To report a potential knowledge exchange between nursing studies and the results obtained from a study conducted into the attributes of embodied leadership. BACKGROUND: Leadership theories have been applied to evaluate, improve and train nursing practitioners in several previous studies. However, leadership research has entered a new phase where the focus is to produce sustainable leaders through authenticity and compassion, the same two characteristics identified as being of most success in emergent nursing practice...
June 16, 2017: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617004/a-critical-positive-youth-development-model-for-intervening-with-minority-youth-at-risk-for-delinquency
#9
Andrew D Case
Minority youths who experience adversity in the forms of concentrated poverty, neighborhood violence, and social marginalization are at increased risk for delinquency. Yet, traditional approaches to reducing delinquency do not typically account for these social-structural risk factors. This article proposes a model of intervening that was developed to address this limitation. The current model was informed by the findings of a 9-month ethnography of a leadership development program for African American youths as well as positive youth development and critical theory frameworks...
June 15, 2017: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616493/leadership-governance-and-partnerships-are-essential-one-health-competencies
#10
EDITORIAL
Craig Stephen, Barry Stemshorn
One Health is held as an approach to solve health problems in this era of complexity and globalization, but inadequate attention has been paid to the competencies required to build successful teams and programs. Most of the discussion on developing One Health teams focuses on creating cross-disciplinary awareness and technical skills. There is, however, evidence that collaborative, multi-disciplinary teams need skills, processes and institutions that enable policy and operations to be co-managed and co-delivered across jurisdictions...
December 2016: One Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616488/building-bridges-to-operationalise-one-health-a-sino-swedish-collaboration-to-tackle-antibiotic-resistance
#11
Otto Cars, Yonghong Xiao, Cecilia Stålsby Lundborg, Lennart E Nilsson, Jianzhong Shen, Qiang Sun, Zhenqiang Bi, Stefan Börjesson, Christina Greko, Yang Wang, Yuqing Liu, Jakob Ottoson, Xuewen Li, Maud Nilsson, Hong Yin, Zhenwang Bi, Beiwen Zheng, Xi Xia, Baoli Chen, Lilu Ding, Pan Sun, Oliver James Dyar, Anette Hulth, Göran Tomson
Antibiotic resistance is a complex global health challenge. The recent Global Action Plan on antimicrobial resistance highlights the importance of adopting One Health approaches that can cross traditional disciplinary boundaries. We report on the early experiences of a multisectoral Sino-Swedish research project that aims to address gaps in our current knowledge and seeks to improve the situation through system-wide interventions. Our research project is investigating antibiotic use and resistance in a rural area of China through a combination of epidemiological, health systems and laboratory investigations...
December 2016: One Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614475/-positioning-ecuador-in-the-global-health-agenda-as-a-result-of-sector-reform
#12
Cristina Luna, Carlos Andrés Emanuele, Daniel De La Torre
Objective: Analyze strategies implemented by Ecuador's Ministry of Public Health (MPH) to position the country in the global health agenda during the period 2011-2015 as a result of health sector reform. Method: Documentary review and interviews with stakeholders in national and international agencies with respect to positioning in the global health sphere during the study period. Results: It was observed that the reform process produced a new framework to manage international health relations...
June 8, 2017: Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública, Pan American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614472/-human-resources-for-health-in-ecuador-s-new-model-of-care
#13
Verónica Espinosa, Daniel de la Torre, Cecilia Acuña, Cristina Cadena
Objective: Describe strategies implemented by Ecuador's Ministry of Public Health (MPH) to strengthen human resources for health leadership and respond to the new model of care, as a part of the reform process in the period 2012-2015. Methods: A documentary review was carried out of primary and secondary sources on development of human resources for health before and after the reform. Results: In the study period, Ecuador developed a new institutional and regulatory framework for developing human resources for health to respond to the requirements of a model of care based on primary health care...
June 8, 2017: Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública, Pan American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611067/maximising-paediatricians-roles-in-improving-children-s-oral-health-lessons-from-leicester
#14
REVIEW
Jasmine Murphy, Rod Moore
AIMS: To provide an overview of steps taken to improve oral health in one UK city and to review factors relevant to maximising the contribution that paediatricians (and potentially other health professionals) can make to improving oral health. METHODS: The article provides information on the strategic approach taken in Leicester, one of the most ethnically diverse cities in England, and also one of the most deprived. Over a third of children aged 3 years, and half of those aged 5 years, have experience of obvious dental decay...
June 13, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610626/social-accountability-in-primary-health-care-in-west-and-central-africa-exploring-the-role-of-health-facility-committees
#15
Elsbet Lodenstein, Eric Mafuta, Adolphe C Kpatchavi, Jean Servais, Marjolein Dieleman, Jacqueline E W Broerse, Alpha Amadou Bano Barry, Thérèse M N Mambu, Jurrien Toonen
BACKGROUND: Social accountability has been emphasised as an important strategy to increase the quality, equity, and responsiveness of health services. In many countries, health facility committees (HFCs) provide the accountability interface between health providers and citizens or users of health services. This article explores the social accountability practices facilitated by HFCs in Benin, Guinea and the Democratic Republic of Congo. METHODS: The paper is based on a cross-case comparison of 11 HFCs across the three countries...
June 13, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609624/in-silico-absorption-distribution-metabolism-excretion-and-pharmacokinetics-adme-pk-utility-and-best-practices-an-industry-perspective-from-the-international-consortium-for-innovation-through-quality-in-pharmaceutical-development
#16
Franco Lombardo, Prashant V Desai, Rieko Arimoto, Kelly E Desino, Holger Fischer, Christopher E Keefer, Carl Petersson, Susanne Winiwarter, Fabio Broccatelli
In silico tools to investigate absorption, distribution, metabolism, excretion and pharmacokinetics (ADME-PK) properties of new chemical entities are an integral part of the current industrial drug discovery paradigm. While many companies are active in the field, scientists engaged in this area don't necessarily share the same background and have limited resources when seeking guidance on how to initiate and maintain an in silico ADME-PK infrastructure in an industrial setting. This work summarizes the views of a group of industrial in silico and experimental ADME scientists, participating in the In Silico ADME Working Group, a subgroup of the International Consortium for Innovation through Quality in Pharmaceutical Development (IQ) Drug Metabolism Leadership Group...
June 13, 2017: Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607238/sri-lanka-takes-action-towards-a-target-of-zero-rabies-death-by-2020
#17
P A Lionel Harischandra, Amila Gunesekera, Navaratnasingam Janakan, Gyanendra Gongal, Bernadette Abela-Ridder
Rabies is a 100% vaccine-preventable and 100% fatal zoonotic, viral disease. It is usually spread to humans by saliva, through bites or scratches. Dogs are the source of the vast majority of human deaths from rabies. Political will and leadership have been the main drivers for success of the Sri Lankan effort to reduce the burden of disease attributable to rabies. Post-exposure prophylaxis, which is available in government health facilities, at no cost, to all bite patients, has been a main axis of the rabies-elimination strategy...
September 2016: WHO South-East Asia Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606837/where-are-the-women-the-underrepresentation-of-women-physicians-among-recognition-award-recipients-from-medical-specialty-societies
#18
Julie K Silver, Chloe S Slocum, Anna M Bank, Saurabha Bhatnagar, Cheri A Blauwet, Julie A Poorman, Amparo Villablanca, Sareh Parangi
Membership in medical societies is associated with a number of benefits to members that may include professional education, opportunities to present research, scientific and/or leadership training, networking and others. In this perspective article, the authors address the value that medical specialty society membership and inclusion have in the development of an academic physician's career and how underrepresentation of women may pose barriers to their career advancement. Because society membership itself is not likely sufficient to support the advancement of academic physicians, this report focuses on one key component of advancement that can also be used as a measure of inclusion in society activities-the representation of women physicians among recipients of recognition awards...
June 9, 2017: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604260/developing-high-functioning-teams-factors-associated-with-operating-as-a-real-team-and-implications-for-patient-centered-medical-home-development
#19
Somava Stout, Leah Zallman, Lisa Arsenault, Assaad Sayah, Karen Hacker
Team-based care is a foundation of health care redesign models like the patient-centered medical home (PCMH). Yet few practices rigorously examine how the implementation of PCMH relates to teamwork. We identified factors associated with the perception of a practice operating as a real team. An online workforce survey was conducted with all staff of 12 primary care sites of Cambridge Health Alliance at different stages of PCMH transformation. Bivariate and multivariate analyses of factors associated with teamwork perceptions were conducted...
January 1, 2017: Inquiry: a Journal of Medical Care Organization, Provision and Financing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603550/health-system-governance-to-support-scale-up-of-mental-health-care-in-ethiopia-a-qualitative-study
#20
Charlotte Hanlon, Tigist Eshetu, Daniel Alemayehu, Abebaw Fekadu, Maya Semrau, Graham Thornicroft, Fred Kigozi, Debra Leigh Marais, Inge Petersen, Atalay Alem
BACKGROUND: Ethiopia is embarking upon a ground-breaking plan to address the high levels of unmet need for mental health care by scaling up mental health care integrated within primary care. Health system governance is expected to impact critically upon the success or otherwise of this important initiative. The objective of the study was to explore the barriers, facilitators and potential strategies to promote good health system governance in relation to scale-up of mental health care in Ethiopia...
2017: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
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