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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054747/u-s-army-physical-demands-study-identification-and-validation-of-the-physically-demanding-tasks-of-combat-arms-occupations
#1
Marilyn A Sharp, Bruce S Cohen, Michael W Boye, Stephen A Foulis, Jan E Redmond, Kathleen Larcom, Jay R Hydren, Deborah L Gebhardt, Maria C Canino, Bradley J Warr, Edward J Zambraski
OBJECTIVES: In 2013, the U.S. Army began developing physical tests to predict a recruit's ability to perform the critical, physically demanding tasks (CPDTs) of combat arms jobs previously not open to women. The purpose of this paper is to describe the methodology and results of analyses of the accuracy and inclusiveness of the critical physically demanding task list. While the job analysis included seven combat arms jobs, only data from the 19D Cavalry Scout occupation are presented as the process was similar for all seven jobs...
October 5, 2017: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050657/b-more-fit-for-healthy-babies-using-trauma-informed-care-policies-to-improve-maternal-health-in-baltimore-city
#2
Stacey G Tuck, Amber C Summers, Janice Bowie, Donnica Fife-Stallworth, Chase Alston, Stephen Hayes, Stephanie Alexander
BACKGROUND: Pregnant obese women have an increased risk for infant mortality and poor maternal outcomes. Environmental and social conditions pose barriers for less-advantaged overweight women to participate in weight loss interventions. The B'more Fit for Healthy Babies Program aimed to address existing gender inequities that persist where exposure to community-level trauma is present. METHODS: A gender-based analysis using qualitative and quantitative approaches informed B'more Fit's intervention and identified opportunities for trauma-informed care policies...
October 17, 2017: Women's Health Issues: Official Publication of the Jacobs Institute of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050656/promoting-policy-development-through-community-participatory-approaches-to-health-promotion-the-philadelphia-ujima-experience
#3
Candace Robertson-James, Lidyvez Sawyer, Ana Núñez, Bernadette Campoli, Diana Robertson, Amanda DeVilliers, Sharon Congleton, Stephen Hayes, Stephanie Alexander
BACKGROUND: The Philadelphia Ujima Coalition for a Healthier Community (Philadelphia Ujima) promotes health improvement of girls, women, and their families using a gender framework and community-based participatory research approach to addressing gender-based disparities. Institutional policies developed through community-based participatory research approaches are integral to sustaining gender-integrated health-promotion programs and necessary for reducing gender health inequities. This paper describes the results of a policy analysis of the Philadelphia Ujima coalition partner sites and highlights two case studies...
October 17, 2017: Women's Health Issues: Official Publication of the Jacobs Institute of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049152/essential-professional-behaviors-of-nursing-students-and-new-nurses-hospital-nurse-leader-perspectives-survey
#4
Charlotte Sortedahl, Sara Persinger, Kathryn Sobtzak, Brooke Farrell, Nicholas Jaeger
AIM: This two-part study was conducted to determine which professional behaviors hospital nurse leaders believe are essential for nursing students to learn in the classroom. BACKGROUND: Nursing students need to be educated to lead high-quality care in complex health care environments. Little is known regarding the professional behaviors deemed essential for novice nurses. METHOD: Hospital leaders were surveyed (n = 221) using the Hospital Nurse Leader Perspectives survey...
November 2017: Nursing Education Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049023/the-future-of-graduate-and-postdoctoral-training-in-the-biosciences
#5
Peter Hitchcock, Ambika Mathur, Jabbar Bennett, Patricia Cameron, Christine Chow, Philip Clifford, Robert Duvoisin, Andrew Feig, Kevin Finneran, Diane M Klotz, Richard McGee, Mary O'Riordan, Christine Pfund, Christopher Pickett, Nancy Schwartz, Nancy E Street, Elizabeth Watkins, Jonathan Wiest, David Engelke
This article summarizes the outcomes of the second national conference on the Future of Bioscience Graduate and Postdoctoral Training. Five topics were addressed during the conference: diversity in leadership positions; mentoring; modernizing the curriculum; experiential learning; and the need for better data on trainees. The goal of the conference was to develop a consensus around these five topics and to recommend policies that can be implemented by academic and research institutions and federal funding agencies in the United States...
October 19, 2017: ELife
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046706/don-t-call-me-a-leader-but-i-am-one-the-dutch-mayor-and-the-tradition-of-bridging-and-bonding-leadership-in-consensus-democracies
#6
Niels Karsten, Frank Hendriks
In some democratic contexts, there is a strong aversion to the directive, individualistic and masculine expressions of leadership that have come to dominate the study of political leadership. Such leadership is antithetical to consensus democracies in parts of continental Europe, where the antipathy to leadership has linguistic, institutional as well as cultural dimensions. Political-administrative and socio-cultural contexts in these countries provide little room for heroic expressions of leadership. Consequently, alternative forms of leadership and associated vocabularies have developed that carry profound practical relevance but that have remained underexplored...
April 2017: Leadership (Lond)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042388/is-overseas-volunteering-beneficial-to-the-nhs-the-analysis-of-volunteers-responses-to-a-feedback-questionnaire-following-experiences-in-low-income-and-middle-income-countries
#7
Daniel Yeomans, Grace Le, Hemant Pandit, Chris Lavy
INTRODUCTION: Locally requested and planned overseas volunteering in low-income and middle-income countries by National Health Service (NHS) staff can have benefits for the host or receiving nation, but its impact on the professional development of NHS staff is not proven. The Knowledge and Skills Framework (KSF) and Leadership Framework (LF) are two tools used by employers as a measure of individuals' development. We have used dimensions from both tools as a method of evaluating the benefit to NHS doctors who volunteer overseas...
October 16, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042191/roadmap-to-achieve-25-hypertension-control-in-africa-by-2025
#8
Anastase Dzudie, Brian Rayner, Dike Ojji, Aletta E Schutte, Marc Twagirumukiza, Albertino Damasceno, Seringe Abdou Ba, Abdoul Kane, Euloge Kramoh, Jean Baptiste Anzouan Kacou, Basden Onwubere, Ruth Cornick, Karen Sliwa, Benedict Anisiuba, Ana Olga Mocumbi, Elijah Ogola, Mohamed Awad, George Nel, Harun Otieno, Ali Ibrahim Toure, Samuel Kingue, Andre Pascal Kengne, Pablo Perel, Alma Adler, Neil Poulter, Bongani Mayosi
BACKGROUND: The Pan-African Society of Cardiology (PASCAR) has identified hypertension as the highest area of priority action to reduce heart disease and stroke on the continent. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this PASCAR roadmap on hypertension was to develop practical guidance on how to implement strategies that translate existing knowledge into effective action and improve detection, treatment and control of hypertension and cardiovascular health in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) by the year 2025...
October 14, 2017: Global Heart
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29041971/finnish-physicians-stress-related-to-information-systems-keeps-increasing-a-longitudinal-three-wave-survey-study
#9
Tarja Heponiemi, Hannele Hyppönen, Tuulikki Vehko, Sari Kujala, Anna-Mari Aalto, Jukka Vänskä, Marko Elovainio
BACKGROUND: Poorly functioning, time-consuming, and inadequate information systems are among the most important work-related psychosocial factors causing stress in physicians. The present study examined the trend in the perceived stress that was related to information systems (SRIS) among Finnish physicians during a nine-year follow-up. In addition, we examined the associations of gender, age, employment sector, specialization status, leadership position, on-call burden, and time pressure with SRIS change and levels...
October 17, 2017: BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29041785/professional-nurses-lived-experiences-regarding-the-performance-management-system-in-the-mopani-district
#10
Sheillah H Mboweni, Lufuno Makhado
BACKGROUND: The purpose of the performance management system (PMS) is planning, monitoring, evaluation and development of employees to meet the organisational goals and objectives and transform of service delivery to excellence of the organisation. However, public services are deteriorating and implementation of PMS stimulated different views among professional nurses (PNs) in the Mopani district clinics, which warrants exploration and documentation of the findings. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to explore and describe the PNs' perceptions towards PMS...
October 13, 2017: Curationis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040303/continuing-professional-development-for-medical-nursing-and-midwifery-cadres-in-malawi-tanzania-and-south-africa-a-qualitative-evaluation
#11
Caryl Feldacker, Jillian Pintye, Sheena Jacob, Michael H Chung, Lyn Middleton, Jill Iliffe, H Nina Kim
BACKGROUND: As innovations in the prevention and treatment of HIV and TB advance, continuing professional development (CPD) of health care workers (HCWs) remains a high priority, particularly in sub-Saharan Africa where dual TB/HIV epidemics are compounded by severe HCW shortages. There is further need to examine CPD programs to identify challenges and effective solutions to strengthen HIV/TB-related CPD. METHODS: Qualitative evaluations in Malawi, Tanzania and South Africa (RSA) were conducted using key informant interviews (KIIs) and focus group discussions (FGDs) in each country to identify barriers and enablers of effective HIV/TB-related CPD...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036716/reconsidering-set-the-people-free-neoliberalism-and-freedom-rhetoric-in-churchill-s-conservative-party
#12
James Freeman
It is often assumed that 'Hayekian' or 'neoliberal' influences lay behind Conservative attacks on socialism in 1945 and subsequent calls to 'set the people free' in 1950 and 1951. This assumption has had consequences for our understanding of late-1940s Conservatism and for wider interpretations of post-war politics. Heeding recent calls to reconnect the inter-war and post-war parties and to pay closer attention to how opponents and contexts generate arguments, this article revisits senior Conservatives' rhetoric between 1945 and 1951 to break the link between neoliberal influence and freedom rhetoric...
September 18, 2017: 20 Century British History
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032293/facilitating-problem-based-learning-among-undergraduate-nursing-students-a-qualitative-systematic-review
#13
REVIEW
Jacqueline Wosinski, Anne E Belcher, Yvan Dürrenberger, Anne-Claude Allin, Coraline Stormacq, Linda Gerson
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to identify and synthesize the best available evidence on the perspective of undergraduate nursing students on facilitating elements that contribute to their success with PBL. DESIGN: a qualitative systematic review of the literature according to meta-aggregative methodology using the JBI SUMARI system was conducted. DATA SOURCES: Data was collected across CINAHL, Medline, Embase, Eric, Teacher Reference Center and reference lists...
September 8, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030677/safe-surgery-for-all-early-lessons-from-implementing-a-national-government-driven-surgical-plan-in-ethiopia
#14
Daniel Burssa, Atlibachew Teshome, Katherine Iverson, Olivia Ahearn, Tigistu Ashengo, David Barash, Erin Barringer, Isabelle Citron, Kaya Garringer, Victoria McKitrick, John Meara, Abraham Mengistu, Swagoto Mukhopadhyay, Cheri Reynolds, Mark Shrime, Asha Varghese, Samson Esseye, Abebe Bekele
Recognizing the unmet need for surgical care in Ethiopia, the Federal Ministry of Health (FMOH) has pioneered innovative methodologies for surgical system development with Saving Lives through Safe Surgery (SaLTS). SaLTS is a national flagship initiative designed to improve access to safe, essential and emergency surgical and anaesthesia care across all levels of the healthcare system. Sustained commitment from the FMOH and their recruitment of implementing partners has led to notable accomplishments across the breadth of the surgical system, including but not limited to: (1) Leadership, management and governance-a nationally scaled surgical leadership and mentorship programme, (2) Infrastructure-operating room construction and oxygen delivery plan, (3) Supplies and logistics-a national essential surgical procedure and equipment list, (4) Human resource development-a Surgical Workforce Expansion Plan and Anaesthesia National Roadmap, (5) Advocacy and partnership-strong FMOH partnership with international organizations, including GE Foundation's SafeSurgery2020 initiative, (6) Innovation-facility-driven identification of problems and solutions, (7) Quality of surgical and anaesthesia care service delivery-a national peri-operative guideline and WHO Surgical Safety Checklist implementation, and (8) Monitoring and evaluation-a comprehensive plan for short-term and long-term assessment of surgical quality and capacity...
October 13, 2017: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030412/strategies-for-developing-sustainable-health-research-capacity-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-a-prospective-qualitative-study-investigating-the-barriers-and-enablers-to-locally-led-clinical-trial-conduct-in-ethiopia-cameroon-and-sri-lanka
#15
Samuel R P Franzen, Clare Chandler, Sisira Siribaddana, Julius Atashili, Brian Angus, Trudie Lang
OBJECTIVES: In 2013, the WHO stated that unless low-income and middle-income countries (LMICs) become producers of research, health goals would be hard to achieve. Among the capacities required to build a local evidence base, ability to conduct clinical trials is important. There is no evidence-based guidance for the best ways to develop locally led trial capacity. This research aims to identify the barriers and enablers to locally led clinical trial conduct in LMICs and determine strategies for their sustainable development...
October 13, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025302/medical-student-healthcare-consulting-groups-a-novel-way-to-train-the-next-generation-of-physician-executives
#16
Esther Y Hsiang, Andrew G Breithaupt, Peiyi Su, Andrew T Rogers, Niv Milbar, Sanjay V Desai
Meeting the challenges of the evolving healthcare environment requires leadership of physicians well-trained in clinical medicine and healthcare management. However, many physicians lack training in business and leadership. While some residency programs have management tracks, training at the medical school level is currently lacking. We developed the Hopkins Health Management Advisory Group, an extracurricular program at Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine that exposes medical students to healthcare management and fosters development of leadership skills...
October 12, 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024977/safer-paediatric-surgical-teams-a-5-year-evaluation-of-crew-resource-management-implementation-and-outcomes
#17
Carl Savage, F Andrew Gaffney, Laith Hussain-Alkhateeb, Pia Olsson Ackheim, Gunilla Henricson, Irini Antoniadou, Mats Hedsköld, Karin Pukk Härenstam
Objective: Evaluate longitudinal changes in technical and non-technical skills (teamwork, situation monitoring, communication and leadership), safety culture, and clinical outcomes before and after implementation of a crew resource management (CRM) safety program. Design: A multi-level prospective single case study in accordance with the SQUIRE-guidelines for reporting quality improvement efforts. Setting: Large university paediatric surgical service...
September 7, 2017: International Journal for Quality in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024362/the-impact-of-entrepreneurial-leadership-on-nurses-innovation-behavior
#18
Afsaneh Bagheri, Morteza Akbari
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to examine the influence of entrepreneurial leadership on nurses' innovation work behavior and its dimensions. DESIGN AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study employed the 10-item Innovation Work Behavior Questionnaire and the 8-item Entrepreneurial Leadership Questionnaire to explore the impact of entrepreneurial leadership on the innovation work behavior of 273 nurses from public and private hospitals in Iran. FINDINGS: Entrepreneurial leadership had a significant positive impact on nurses' innovation work behavior and most strongly improved idea exploration, followed by idea generation, idea implementation, and idea championing...
October 12, 2017: Journal of Nursing Scholarship
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023244/integrating-training-in-quality-improvement-and-health-equity-in-graduate-medical-education-two-curricula-for-the-price-of-one
#19
Jaya Aysola, Jennifer S Myers
A recent call to address health care disparities has come from the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education's (ACGME's) Clinical Learning Environment Review (CLER) program. The CLER program aspires that faculty and residents will identify the disparities among the patient populations they serve and engage in quality improvement (QI) activities designed to address them. In this Perspective, the authors provide a framework for integrating QI and health equity principles in graduate medical education in order to meet these ACGME expectations...
October 11, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020865/peer-to-peer-shadowing-as-a-technique-for-the-development-of-nurse-middle-managers-clinical-leadership
#20
Pieterbas Lalleman, Joanne Bouma, Gerhard Smid, Jananee Rasiah, Marieke Schuurmans
Purpose The purpose of this study was to explore the experiences and impact of peer-to-peer shadowing as a technique to develop nurse middle managers' clinical leadership practices. Design/methodology/approach A qualitative descriptive study was conducted to gain insight into the experiences of nurse middle managers using semi-structured interviews. Data were analysed into codes using constant comparison and similar codes were grouped under sub-themes and then into four broader themes. Findings Peer-to-peer shadowing facilitates collective reflection-in-action and enhances an "investigate stance" while acting...
October 12, 2017: Leadership in Health Services
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