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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168920/a-case-report-of-open-craniofacial-sutures-a-novel-feature-of-systemic-sclerosis
#1
Patricia Gorecki, John Rout
Scleroderma is an uncommon connective-tissue disease, its key feature being excessive collagen deposition resulting in fibrosis of the skin and internal organs. There are different types that can vary in severity from localized scleroderma to systemic sclerosis. Various clinical and radiographic findings can be attributed to the disease, which arise due to the progressive nature of microvascular changes and collagen deposition. These include limited mouth opening, xerostomia, periodontal disease and cardiac and pulmonary disease...
November 23, 2017: Dento Maxillo Facial Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168573/oral-health-status-among-children-and-adolescents-in-governmental-and-private-schools-of-the-palestinian-territories
#2
Lamis Abuhaloob, Poul Erik Petersen
BACKGROUND: Political conflicts in the Palestinian Territories (PT) have resulted in systematic deterioration of socio-economic conditions and health. The World Health Organization (WHO) has emphasised the negative impacts of social crisis on children' oral health and quality of life. OBJECTIVES: To assess the prevalence and trends in dental caries and poor gingival health of schoolchildren in the PT through the scholastic years 1998/1999 to 2012/2013. METHODS: This is a retrospective study...
November 23, 2017: International Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168364/aggressive-periodontitis-associated-with-kindler-syndrome-in-a-large-kindler-syndrome-pedigree
#3
Tuba Talo Yıldırım, Filiz Acun Kaya, Mustafa Taşkesen, Serkan Dündar, Alihan Bozoğlan, Gülücağ Giray Tekin, Sedat Akdeniz
Talo-Yıldırım T, Acun-Kaya F, Taşkesen M, Dündar S, Bozoğlan A, Tekin GG, Akdeniz S. Aggressive periodontitis associated with Kindler syndrome in a large Kindler syndrome pedigree. Turk J Pediatr 2017; 59: 56-61. Kindler syndrome (KS) is a rare genetic disorder. The clinical features include aggressive periodontal disease and severe desquamative gingivitis. Five individuals with KS were assessed by oral examination, radiographic analysis and periodontal measurements. All the patients' indexes were recorded prior to periodontal treatment and at the end of the 1th, 3th , 6th, 9th and 12th month respectively...
2017: Turkish Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29167719/is-khat-catha-edulis-chewing-a-risk-factor-for-periodontal-diseases-a-systematic-review
#4
REVIEW
Butchibabu Kalakonda, Sadeq-Ali Al-Maweri, Hashem-Motahir Al-Shamiri, Anum Ijaz, Shukri Gamal, Esam Dhaifullah
Background: Khat (Catha edulis) chewing is a highly prevalent habit in the Arabian Peninsula and East Africa, and has recently spread to Western countries. The association between khat chewing and oral mucosal lesions is well documented in the literature. However, there is no concrete evidence on the association between khat chewing and periodontal disease. The purpose of this systematic review was to analyze the influence of khat chewing on periodontal health. Material and Methods: A literature search of PubMed, Scopus and Web of Sciences databases was carried out to identify relevant articles published from 1990 to May 2017...
October 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29167718/preparation-prerequisites-for-effective-irrigation-of-apical-root-canal-a-critical-review
#5
REVIEW
Dimitrios Tziafas, Dana Alraeesi, Reem Al Hormoodi, Maamoun Ataya, Hessa Fezai, Nausheen Aga
Background: It is well recognized that disinfection of the complex root canal system at the apical root canal remains the most critical therapeutic measure to treat apical periodontitis. Material and Methods: Observational and experimental data in relation to the anatomy of the apical root canal in different tooth types and the cross sectional diameters of the apical part of the most commonly used hand and rotary files are critically reviewed. Results: The present data analysis confirm that the challenging issue of antibacterial efficacy of modern preparation protocols in non-surgical endodontics requires more attention to apical root canal irrigation as a balance between safety and effectiveness...
October 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29167715/quality-of-the-calcium-enriched-mixture-apical-plug-in-simulated-apexification-model-effect-of-different-mixing-and-placement-methods
#6
Saeed Rahimi, Negin Ghasemi, Tahmineh Razi, Akbar Rezaiepour
Background: Presence of voids at root canal wall‒apical seal material interface gives rise to the entrapment of toxins and microorganisms, which might have a relationship with post treatment disease. The present study was carried out to evaluate the effect of different mixing (manual and ultrasonic) and placement (manual and manual in association with indirect ultrasonic) methods of Calcium-enriched Mixture (CEM) cement on the number and dimensions of voids in the apical plug in simulated apexification models...
October 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166848/letter-to-the-editor-re-simultaneous-detection-of-oral-pathogens-in-subgingival-plaque-and-prostatic-fluid-of-men-with-periodontal-and-prostatic-disease
#7
Huseyin Besiroglu, Emin Ozbek
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Journal of Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165071/minocycline-loaded-in-situ-hydrogel-for-periodontitis-treatment
#8
Xiaoqing Wang, Jianli Ma, Xiaoming Zhu, Fang Wang, Liang Zhou
In situ hydrogel based on phase separation by solvent exchange has emerged as an attractive alternative for periodontal pocket injection. In this study, an minocycline (MCL)-loaded in situ hydrogel was prepared composed of poly(lactide-co-glycolide) (PLGA) and N-methylpyrrolidone (NMP) to enhance the topical treatment of periodontitis. A series of reasonable and applicable formulations were optimized by investigating their syringeability, viscosity and in vitro drug release. The rheological profiles, antimicrobial activities and pharmacodynamics were further studied to evaluate its effect on periodontitis treatment...
November 20, 2017: Current Drug Delivery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165026/comparative-evaluation-of-oral-and-dento-maxillofacial-manifestation-of-patients-with-sickle-cell-diseases-and-beta-thalassemia-major
#9
Salmeh Kalbassi, Mohammad Reza Younesi, Vahid Asgary
BACKGROUND: Regarding the importance of oral and dental health in patients with hemoglobinopathies and also due to the different results of different studies in this background, in patients with beta thalassemia (BTM) and sickle cell disease (SCD), this study aimed to evaluate and compare the oral and dental manifestations of patients with BTM and SCD. MATERIAL AND METHODS: In this cross-sectional study during the years 2014-2017, a total of 175 patients (with documented BTM or SCD attending to Tehran, Mashhad, Isfahan, and Tabriz cities central hospitals) were randomly recruited...
November 22, 2017: Hematology (Amsterdam, Netherlands)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164415/decrease-of-insoluble-glucan-formation-in-streptococcus-mutans-by-co-cultivation-with-enterococcus-faecium-t7-and-glucanase-addition
#10
Shin-Hye Yu, So-Hyung Kwak, Thi Thanh Hanh Nguyen, Ye-Seul Seo, Chaeri Song, Il Kyoon Mok, Doman Kim
OBJECTIVES: To develop preventive canine oral health bio-materials consisting of probiotics and glucanase to reduce insoluble glucan and volatile sulfur compound formation. RESULTS: Co-cultivation of Enterococcus faecium T7 with Streptococcus mutans at inoculation ratio of 3:1 (v/v) resulted in 25% reduction in the growth of Streptococcus mutans. Amounts of soluble and insoluble glucans produced by S. mutans were decreased to 70 and 55%, respectively. Insoluble glucan was decreased from 0...
November 21, 2017: Biotechnology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164183/removal-of-a-severely-impacted-mandibular-third-molar-minimizing-the-risks-of-compromised-periodontium-nerve-injury-and-mandibular-fracture
#11
Christos Tsamis, Stylianos Rodiou, Athanasios Stratos, Nikolaos Gkantidis
A technique is presented for severely impacted and dentigerous-cyst-related mandibular third molar removal, avoiding any associated risks. CASE PRESENTATION: A healthy patient complained about unpleasant smell and taste in the mouth and unilateral extraoral palpation of a protuberance, at the right corner of the mandible. Restricted field CBCT showed a severely impacted third molar, which penetrated the inferior cortical bone of the mandibular corner and was associated with a dentigerous cyst that had resorbed considerable bone in the region...
November 21, 2017: Quintessence International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164121/a-pragmatic-study-shows-failure-of-dental-composite-fillings-is-genetically-determined-a-contribution-to-the-discussion-on-dental-amalgams
#12
Alexandre R Vieira, Marília B Silva, Kesia K A Souza, Arnôldo V A Filho, Aronita Rosenblatt, Adriana Modesto
Composite resins for posterior tooth restorations have become a viable alternative to dental amalgam. Failures sometimes cannot be easily explained, and we hypothesize that a genetic component may influence longevity of restorations. We aimed to determine if there is any evidence for a difference in the performance of amalgams versus composite resin in extensive posterior restorations. We also aimed to determine if risk factors such as age, sex, smoking tobacco, alcohol drinking, diabetes status, and periodontal health status may have a role in the failures of extensive anterior composite restorations...
2017: Frontiers in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164105/platelet-rich-plasma-derived-growth-factors-contribute-to-stem-cell-differentiation-in-musculoskeletal-regeneration
#13
REVIEW
Yun Qian, Qixin Han, Wei Chen, Jialin Song, Xiaotian Zhao, Yuanming Ouyang, Weien Yuan, Cunyi Fan
Stem cell treatment and platelet-rich plasma (PRP) therapy are two significant issues in regenerative medicine. Stem cells such as bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells, adipose-derived stem cells and periodontal ligament stem cells can be successfully applied in the field of tissue regeneration. PRP, a natural product isolated from whole blood, can secrete multiple growth factors (GFs) for regulating physiological activities. These GFs can stimulate proliferation and differentiation of different stem cells in injury models...
2017: Frontiers in Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163479/discriminating-between-interstitial-and-circulating-leukocytes-in-tissues-of-the-murine-oral-mucosa-avoiding-nasal-associated-lymphoid-tissue-contamination
#14
Peter D Bittner-Eddy, Lori A Fischer, Andy A Tu, Daniel A Allman, Massimo Costalonga
Periodontitis is a chronic inflammatory response to a microbial biofilm that destroys bone and soft tissues supporting the teeth. Murine models of periodontitis based on Porphyromonas gingivalis (Pg) colonization have shown that extravasation of leukocytes into oral tissue is critical to driving alveolar bone destruction. Identifying interstitial leukocytes is key to understanding the immunopathogenesis of periodontitis. Here, we describe a robust flow cytometry assay based on intravenous FITC-conjugated anti-mouse CD45 mAb that distinguishes interstitial leukocytes in the oral mucosa of mice from those circulating within the vasculature or in post-dissection contaminating blood...
2017: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163477/genes-critical-for-developing-periodontitis-lessons-from-mouse-models
#15
REVIEW
Teun J de Vries, Stefano Andreotta, Bruno G Loos, Elena A Nicu
Since the etiology of periodontitis in humans is not fully understood, genetic mouse models may pinpoint indispensable genes for optimal immunological protection of the periodontium against tissue destruction. This review describes the current knowledge of genes that are involved for a proper maintenance of a healthy periodontium in mice. Null mutations of genes required for leukocyte cell-cell recognition and extravasation (e.g., Icam-1, P-selectin, Beta2-integrin/Cd18), for pathogen recognition and killing (e...
2017: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163429/relationship-between-gingival-crevicular-fluid-microbiota-and-cytokine-profile-in-periodontal-host-homeostasis
#16
Jianye Zhou, Yiqing Yao, Kangli Jiao, Jumei Zhang, Xin Zheng, Fang Wu, Xiaopan Hu, Junping Li, Zhanhai Yu, Gaosen Zhang, Nan Jiang, Zhiqiang Li
As potential biomarkers in periodontitis, microbiome, and cytokines have recently been extensively investigated, but combined analyses of the variations between the microbial structure and cytokine composition are rare. The present study aimed to investigate whether there are differences in the combined profile of microbiome and cytokines in individuals with or without periodontitis. The microbiome and cytokine composition in gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) from 16 patients and 15 controls from Jishi Shan (Gansu, China) were analyzed using 454 pyrosequencing and RayBio Quantibody Arrays...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163211/oxidative-stress-in-the-local-and-systemic-events-of-apical-periodontitis
#17
REVIEW
Patricia Hernández-Ríos, Pirkko J Pussinen, Rolando Vernal, Marcela Hernández
Oxidative stress is involved in the pathogenesis of a variety of inflammatory disorders. Apical periodontitis (AP) usually results in the formation of an osteolytic apical lesion (AL) caused by the immune response to endodontic infection. Reactive oxygen species (ROS) produced by phagocytic cells in response to bacterial challenge represent an important host defense mechanism, but disturbed redox balance results in tissue injury. This mini review focuses on the role of oxidative stress in the local and associated systemic events in chronic apical periodontitis...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162952/oral-health-status-and-fertility-treatment-including-ivf
#18
REVIEW
Sunali Sundeep Khanna, Prita A Dhaimade, Shalini Malhotra
Oral health is extremely important for the general wellbeing of the individual. From a number of research articles, it is established that there is a definitive connection between periodontal health and many systemic diseases, like type II diabetes, cardiovascular diseases and even preterm labor and low birth weight of babies. The significant rate of failure in the treatment of infertility and IVF (in vitro fertilization) even with multiple advancements in the last decade has made scientist take interest in newer parameters of health, an important one among them being periodontal health...
December 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162792/association-of-skin-autofluorescence-with-periodontal-inflammation-in-adults-with-type-1-diabetes
#19
Anna Duda-Sobczak, Jakub Lipski, Mateusz Tarnowski, Anna Surdacka, Dorota Zozulińska-Ziółkiewicz, Marzena Wyganowska-Świątkowska
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 31, 2017: Polish Archives of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161952/reduced-antibiotic-prescription-rates-following-physician-targeted-interventions-in-a-dental-practice
#20
Hyesung Kim, Jeong Kyu Oh, Myeng Ki Kim, Kwanghak Bae, Hyungkil Choi
BACKGROUND: The prescription rate for antibiotics in dental clinics is not declining despite the increase in the antibiotic resistance problem. In this study, we observed the change in antibiotic prescription rates by dentists in a Korean dental hospital for various treatments after conducting interventions targeting dentists. METHODS: The first intervention was to distribute guidelines. The second intervention was to remove the bundled prescription button containing antibiotics from the Electronic Medical Record system...
November 21, 2017: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica
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