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Transient diabetes mellitus

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440766/unfavorable-cytokine-and-adhesion-molecule-profiles-during-and-after-pregnancy-in-women-with-gestational-diabetes-mellitus
#1
María Del Mar Roca-Rodríguez, Cristina López-Tinoco, Álvaro Fernández-Deudero, Mora Murri, María Victoria García-Palacios, María Del Amor García-Valero, Francisco José Tinahones, Manuel Aguilar-Diosdado
BACKGROUND: Gestational diabetes mellitus is a significant risk factor for metabolic syndrome and cardiovascular disease. AIMS: To assess the relationships between components of the metabolic syndrome and cytokine and adhesion molecule levels in women with GDM during pregnancy and after delivery. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A prospective case-control study on a sample of 126 pregnant women (63 with and 63 without gestational diabetes mellitus). In an intra-subject analysis, 41 women with history of gestational diabetes mellitus and 21 controls were re-assessed in the postpartum period...
January 2017: Endocrinol Diabetes Nutr
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439848/the-janus-head-of-oxidative-stress-in-metabolic-diseases-and-during-physical-exercise
#2
REVIEW
Dominik Pesta, Michael Roden
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Oxidative stress describes an imbalance between production and degradation of reactive oxygen species (ROS), which can damage macromolecules. However, ROS may also serve as signaling molecules activating cellular pathways involved in cell proliferation and adaptation. This review describes alterations in metabolic diseases including obesity, insulin resistance, and/or diabetes mellitus as well as responses to acute and chronic physical exercise. RECENT FINDINGS: Chronic upregulation of oxidative stress associates with the development of insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes (T2D)...
June 2017: Current Diabetes Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422144/risk-and-prediction-of-sudden-cardiac-death-and-ventricular-arrhythmias-for-patients-with-atrial-fibrillation-a-nationwide-cohort-study
#3
Tze-Fan Chao, Chia-Jen Liu, Ta-Chuan Tuan, Su-Jung Chen, Tzeng-Ji Chen, Gregory Y H Lip, Shih-Ann Chen
Sudden cardiac death (SCD) is the most devastating manifestation of ventricular arrhythmias (VAs), and is the leading cause of mortality among atrial fibrillation (AF) patients. The goal of the present study was to investigate the incidence of SCD/VAs amongst patients with and without AF. We also aimed to identify important risk factors of SCD/VAs among AF patients. Using the "National Health Insurance Research Database" in Taiwan, a total of 352,656 AF and 352,656 non-AF patients without antecedent SCD/VAs were identified...
April 19, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28415672/efficacy-and-safety-of-pramlintide-injection-adjunct-to-insulin-therapy-in-patients-with-type-1-diabetes-mellitus-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#4
Yong-Chao Qiao, Wei Ling, Yan-Hong Pan, Yin-Ling Chen, Dan Zhou, Yan-Mei Huang, Xiao-Xi Zhang, Hai-Lu Zhao
AIMS: We aim to assess the efficacy and safety of pramlintide plus insulin therapy in patients with type 1 diabetes. METHODS: We included clinical studies comparing pramlintide plus insulin to placebo plus insulin. Efficacy was reflected by glycemic control and reduction in body weight and insulin use. Safety concerns were hypoglycemia and other adverse events. Subgroup analysis was performed for different doses (30, 60, 90 µg/meal) and durations (≤4, 26, 29, >29 weeks) of the treatment...
March 8, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412319/genetic-and-non-genetic-factors-affecting-the-quality-of-anticoagulation-control-and-vascular-events-in-atrial-fibrillation
#5
Yun Kyung Park, Mi Ji Lee, Jae Ha Kim, Jin Soo Lee, Rae Woong Park, Gyeong-Moon Kim, Chin-Sang Chung, Kwang Ho Lee, June Soo Kim, Soo-Youn Lee, Oh Young Bang
BACKGROUND: Warfarin has a narrow therapeutic window. We hypothesized that genetic factors related to warfarin metabolism (CYP2C9) and activity (VKORC1) would show stronger associations than modifiable factors with the quality of anticoagulation control and risks for thromboembolism and hemorrhage. METHODS: In this retrospective cohort analysis, clinical and genetic data were collected from 380 patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) who were followed for an average observation period of 4 years...
April 12, 2017: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394710/blood-glucose-levels-after-local-musculoskeletal-steroid-injections-in-patients-with-diabetes-mellitus-a-clinical-review
#6
Anna L Waterbrook, Brenden J Balcik, Aaron John Goshinska
CONTEXT: Diabetes mellitus (DM) has become an epidemic in the United States and is associated with increased risk of multiple comorbidities, including painful musculoskeletal conditions. A common treatment for many of these painful musculoskeletal conditions is local soft tissue and intra-articular corticosteroid injection (CSI). These local injections have the potential to cause elevated blood glucose levels (BGLs) and cause complications in patients with DM. Therefore, it was the objective of this investigation to review the currently available evidence that directly addresses the effects of local CSIs used for painful musculoskeletal conditions on BGL in patients with DM...
April 1, 2017: Sports Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394435/real-world-clinical-characteristics-and-treatment-patterns-of-individuals-aged-80-and-older-with-nonvalvular-atrial-fibrillation-results-from-the-real-life-multicenter-survey-evaluating-stroke-study
#7
Murat Biteker, Özcan Başaran, Volkan Doğan, İbrahim Altun, Fatma Özpamuk Karadeniz, Ahmet İlker Tekkesin, Yasin Çakıllı, Ceyhan Türkkan, Mehmet Hamidi, Vahit Demir, Mustafa Ozan Gürsoy, Müjgan Tek Öztürk, Gökhan Aksan, Sabri Seyis, Mehmet Ballı, Mehmet Hayri Alıcı, Serdar Bozyel
OBJECTIVES: To compare the clinical characteristics of and use of oral anticoagulant (OAC) therapy in individuals aged 80 and older with atrial fibrillation (AF) with those of individuals younger than 80 with AF in clinical practice. DESIGN: Observational study. SETTING: The ReAl-life Multicenter Survey Evaluating Stroke prevention strategies in Turkey trial (NCT02344901), a national observational registry. PARTICIPANTS: Turkish adults with nonvalvular AF (NVAF)...
April 10, 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393583/spotlight-on-canagliflozin-300-review-of-its-efficacy-and-an-indirect-comparison-to-other-sglt-2-inhibitors-and-long-acting-glp-1-receptor-agonists
#8
Awadhesh Kumar Singh, Ritu Singh
Both sodium-glucose co-transporter-2 inhibitors (SGLT-2Is) and glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor agonists (GLP-1RAs) have been consistently found to lower blood glucose, body weight and systolic blood pressure (SBP) in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). While all the SGLT-2Is inhibit glucose reabsorption by blocking SGLT-2 receptor in kidney, dose-dependently, the highest licensed dose of canagliflozin 300-mg has an additional ability to inhibit SGLT-1 receptor in intestine transiently, that may lead to additional inhibition of prandial glucose absorption, unlike other approved highly selective SGLT-2Is...
April 17, 2017: Expert Review of Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392997/fatty-liver-associated-with-metabolic-derangement-in-patients-with-chronic-kidney-disease-a-controlled-attenuation-parameter-study
#9
Chang-Yun Yoon, Misol Lee, Seung Up Kim, Hyunsun Lim, Tae Ik Chang, Youn Kyung Kee, Seung Gyu Han, In Mee Han, Young Eun Kwon, Kyoung Sook Park, Mi Jung Lee, Jung Tak Park, Seung Hyeok Han, Sang Hoon Ahn, Shin-Wook Kang, Tae-Hyun Yoo
BACKGROUND: Hepatic steatosis measured with controlled attenuation parameter (CAP) using transient elastography predicts metabolic syndrome in the general population. We investigated whether CAP predicted metabolic syndrome in chronic kidney disease patients. METHODS: CAP was measured with transient elastography in 465 predialysis chronic kidney disease patients (mean age, 57.5 years). RESULTS: The median CAP value was 239 (202-274) dB/m. In 195 (41...
March 2017: Kidney Research and Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28386035/empagliflozin-and-cerebrovascular-events-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-at-high-cardiovascular-risk
#10
Bernard Zinman, Silvio E Inzucchi, John M Lachin, Christoph Wanner, David Fitchett, Sven Kohler, Michaela Mattheus, Hans J Woerle, Uli C Broedl, Odd Erik Johansen, Gregory W Albers, Hans Christoph Diener
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: In the EMPA-REG OUTCOME trial (Empagliflozin Cardiovascular Outcome Event Trial in Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Patients), empagliflozin added to standard of care in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus and high cardiovascular risk reduced the risk of 3-point major adverse cardiovascular events, driven by a reduction in cardiovascular mortality, with no significant difference between empagliflozin and placebo in risk of myocardial infarction or stroke. In a modified intent-to-treat analysis, the hazard ratio for stroke was 1...
April 6, 2017: Stroke; a Journal of Cerebral Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28365567/use-of-p53-silenced-endothelial-progenitor-cells-to-treat-ischemia-in-diabetic-peripheral-vascular-disease
#11
Nabanita Kundu, Cleyton C Domingues, Cyril Chou, Neeki Ahmadi, Sara Houston, D Joseph Jerry, Sabyasachi Sen
BACKGROUND: Peripheral vascular disease is a major diabetes mellitus-related complication. In this study, we noted that expressions of proapoptotic p53 gene and its downstream cascade gene such as p21 are upregulated in hyperglycemia. Therefore, we investigated whether p53- and p21-silenced endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) were able to survive in hyperglycemic milieu, and whether transplantation of either p53 knockout (KO) or p21KO or p53- and p21-silenced EPCs could improve collateral vessel formation and blood flow in diabetic vaso-occlusive peripheral vascular disease mouse models...
April 1, 2017: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28350539/personalized-precision-medicine-in-extreme-preterm-infants-with-transient-neonatal-diabetes-mellitus
#12
Ranjit I Kylat, Rajan Senguttuvan, Mohammed Y Bader
Although hyperglycemia is common in neonates, especially preterm infants, a diagnosis of neonatal diabetes mellitus (NDM) is rarely made. NDM can be permanent (45%), transient (45%) or syndromic (10%). Of the 95% of identifiable mutations for NDM, methylation defects in 6q24, KCNJ11, ABCC8, and INS account for the majority. Two cases of transient NDM in extremely preterm, 24 weeks' gestational age (GA) triplets, due to a missense mutation c.685G>A in the KCNJ11 gene are presented. Both patients were successfully transitioned from insulin to Glyburide (Glibenclamide) at 2 months of age...
March 28, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism: JPEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28347637/transient-neonatal-diabetes-mellitus-and-activating-mutation-in-the-kcnj11-gene-in-two-siblings
#13
T Kamoun, I Chabchoub, S Ben Ameur, S Kmiha, H Aloulou, H Cave, M Polak, M Hachicha
Transient neonatal diabetes mellitus is a rare disease usually associated with chromosome 6 abnormalities. Mutations of the genes encoding the potassium channel are rarely associated with these transitional forms. Herein, we report the clinical features of two siblings with a heterozygous mutation C679 G>A in the KCNJ11 gene.
May 2017: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344618/patient-and-lesion-tailored-algorithm-of-endovascular-treatment-for-arterial-occlusive-disease-of-extracranial-arteries-supplying-the-brain-safety-of-the-treatment-at-30-day-follow-up
#14
Paweł Latacz, Marian Simka, Paweł Brzegowy, Piotr Janas, Marek Kazibudzki, Piotr Pieniążek, Andrzej Ochała, Tadeusz Popiela, Tomasz Mrowiecki
INTRODUCTION: Although surgical endarterectomy remains the treatment of choice for carotid artery stenosis, stenting plays an important role as an alternative treatment modality, especially in high-risk patients. The actual safety profile associated with stenting procedures is probably better than that reported by randomized controlled trials. AIM: To assess the safety of stent implantations in extracranial arteries supplying the brain, and also to identify risk factors associated with this procedure...
2017: Postępy W Kardiologii Interwencyjnej, Advances in Interventional Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334746/a-newborn-with-transient-diabetes-mellitus-accompanied-by-ketoacidosis-attributable-to-a-zfp57-mutation
#15
Fatma Iyigun, Beyza Ozcan, Ferit Kulali, Istemi Han Celik, Semra Cetinkaya, Ahmet Yagmur Bas, Nihal Demirel
Hyperglycemia commencing within the first 6 months of life requires exogenous insulin therapy and, if the condition persists for >2 weeks, is termed neonatal diabetes mellitus (NDM). This rare illness is of two types: transient and permanent NDM. Most cases come to medical attention because of nonspecific symptoms, including intrauterine growth retardation, dehydration, difficulties in feeding and inadequate weight gain. In the present article, we describe an infant who smelt of ketones during examination and who was diagnosed with transient NDM caused by a ZFP57 mutation, accompanied by ketoacidosis...
February 18, 2017: Journal of Tropical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334718/sex-differences-do-not-exist-in-outcomes-among-stroke-patients-with-intracranial-atherosclerosis-in-china-subgroup-analysis-from-the-chinese-intracranial-atherosclerosis-study
#16
Yuehua Pu, Na Wei, Dandan Yu, Yilong Wang, Xinying Zou, Yannie O Y Soo, Yuesong Pan, Thomas W H Leung, Lawrence K S Wong, Yongjun Wang, Liping Liu
BACKGROUND: To date, sex difference in outcomes among patients with intracranial atherosclerosis (ICAS) has rarely been discussed in China as well as in the world. This study aimed to estimate the sex difference in outcomes among patients with ICAS in Chinese cerebral ischemia patients. METHODS: We analyzed 1,335 men and women with ICAS who were enrolled in the Chinese Intracranial Atherosclerosis study. They were followed-up for ischemic stroke recurrence, any cause of death, cerebral vascular events (including transient ischemic attack, ischemic and hemorrhagic stroke), combined end points (including cerebral vascular events, angina or myocardial infarction, pulmonary embolism, peripheral vascular events), and unfavorable outcome (modified Rankin scale score of 3-6) at 1 year...
March 24, 2017: Neuroepidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284002/non-persistence-with-antiplatelet-therapy-in-elderly-patients-after-a-transient-ischemic-attack
#17
Martin Wawruch, Dusan Zatko, Gejza Wimmer, Jan Luha, Sona Wimmerova, Peter Kukumberg, Jan Murin, Adam Hloska, Tomas Tesar, Rashmi Shah
BACKGROUND: Antiplatelet therapy following a transient ischemic attack (TIA) constitutes an important secondary prevention measure. AIMS: The study was aimed at evaluating the development of non-persistence with antiplatelet therapy in elderly patients after a TIA and identifying patient-related characteristics associated with the probability of non-persistence during the follow-up period. METHODS: The study cohort (n = 854) was selected from the database of the largest health insurance provider of the Slovak Republic...
March 11, 2017: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28270843/liraglutide-directly-protects-cardiomyocytes-against-reperfusion-injury-possibly-via-modulation-of-intracellular-calcium-homeostasis
#18
Shun-Ying Hu, Ying Zhang, Ping-Jun Zhu, Hao Zhou, Yun-Dai Chen
BACKGROUND: Liraglutide is glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor agonist for treating patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Our previous studies have demonstrated that liraglutide protects cardiac function through improving endothelial function in patients with acute myocardial infarction undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention. The present study will investigate whether liraglutide can perform direct protective effects on cardiomyocytes against reperfusion injury. METHODS: In vitro experiments were performed using H9C2 cells and neonatal rat ventricular cadiomyocytes undergoing simulative hypoxia/reoxygenation (H/R) induction...
January 2017: Journal of Geriatric Cardiology: JGC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28259228/cha2ds2-vasc-score-a-predictor-of-thromboembolic-events-and-mortality-in-patients-with-an-implantable-monitoring-device-without-atrial-fibrillation
#19
Christine Parsons, Salma I Patel, Stephen Cha, Win-Kuang Shen, Santosh Desai, Alanna M Chamberlain, Sushil Allen Luis, Maria I Aguilar, Bart M Demaerschalk, Farouk Mookadam, Fadi Shamoun
OBJECTIVE: To determine if the CHA2DS2-VASc score (congestive heart failure, hypertension, age ≥75 years, diabetes mellitus, stroke or transient ischemic attack, vascular disease, age 65-74 years, sex category) predicts thromboembolism and death in patients without atrial fibrillation in a population with implantable cardiac monitoring devices. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A retrospective review utilizing the Rochester Epidemiology Project research infrastructure was conducted to evaluate the CHA2DS2-VASc tool as a predictor of mortality and ischemic stroke, transient ischemic attack, or systemic embolism in patients without atrial fibrillation...
March 2017: Mayo Clinic Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28242176/2017-taiwan-lipid-guidelines-for-high-risk-patients
#20
REVIEW
Yi-Heng Li, Kwo-Chang Ueng, Jiann-Shing Jeng, Min-Ji Charng, Tsung-Hsien Lin, Kuo-Liong Chien, Chih-Yuan Wang, Ting-Hsing Chao, Ping-Yen Liu, Cheng-Huang Su, Shih-Chieh Chien, Chia-Wei Liou, Sung-Chun Tang, Chun-Chuan Lee, Tse-Ya Yu, Jaw-Wen Chen, Chau-Chung Wu, Hung-I Yeh
In Taiwan, the prevalence of hyperlipidemia increased due to lifestyle and dietary habit changes. Low density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) and non-high density lipoprotein cholesterol (non-HDL-C) are all significant predicting factors of coronary artery disease in Taiwan. We recognized that lipid control is especially important in patients with existed atherosclerotic cardiovascular diseases (ASCVD), including coronary artery disease (CAD), ischemic stroke and peripheral arterial disease (PAD). Because the risk of ASCVD is high in patients with diabetes mellitus (DM), chronic kidney disease (CKD) and familial hypercholesterolemia (FH), lipid control is also necessary in these patients...
February 24, 2017: Journal of the Formosan Medical Association, Taiwan Yi Zhi
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