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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936468/rosiglitazone-reduces-breast-cancer-risk-in-taiwanese-female-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#1
Chin-Hsiao Tseng
This study investigated whether rosiglitazone may affect breast cancer risk in female patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus in Taiwan. The reimbursement database of all female patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus under oral antidiabetic agents or insulin from 1996 to 2009 was retrieved from the National Health Insurance. An entry date was set on 1 January 2006 and a total of 431447 patients were followed up for breast cancer incidence till the end of 2009. Incidences for ever users, never users and subgroups of rosiglitazone dose-response parameters (tertile cutoffs of cumulative duration and cumulative dose) were calculated and hazard ratios estimated by Cox regression...
December 8, 2016: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936460/b-cells-present-skewed-profile-and-lose-the-function-of-supporting-t-cell-inflammation-after-roux-en-y-gastric-bypass
#2
Xiaojiang Dai, Weiguo Zhao, Junfang Zhan, Songhua Zeng, Dongzhi Ran, Hongbin Zhang, Zhigao Song, Ken H Song, Liangping Wu
Bariatric surgeries, including Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) are currently the best treatment for obesity and obesity-related comorbidities, such as type 2 diabetes. However, the underlying mechanism of bariatric surgeries is not entirely understood. Further investigations are needed to improve the success rate and achieve sustained health benefits. Given that B cell dysregulation is a critical component of etiology in inflammatory diseases, whereas obesity and type 2 diabetes represent two major inflammatory disorders, we investigated the effect of RYGB on B cell inflammation...
December 6, 2016: International Immunopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936392/rutin-protects-endothelial-dysfunction-by-disturbing-nox4-and-ros-sensitive-nlrp3-inflammasome
#3
Wei Wang, Qiu-Hong Wu, Yong Sui, Yan Wang, Xin Qiu
High glucose induced endothelial dysfunction is blamed for initiation of vascular complication in Type 2 diabetes mellitus. Rutin has been described in possessing comprehensive pharmacological activities, but the mechanism involved in endothelial protection through regulating oxidative stress and damage is still ambiguous. In the present study, rutin was evaluated in high glucose stimulated human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) and high glucose diet-treated SD rats were applied to explored the molecular mechanism in rutin counteracting oxidative stress and damage...
December 6, 2016: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936230/the-circulating-ctrp13-in-type-2-diabetes-and-non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-patients
#4
Mehrnoosh Shanaki, Reza Fadaei, Nariman Moradi, Solaleh Emamgholipour, Hossein Poustchi
Numerous studies have shown that C1q/TNF-related proteins (CTRPs) are involved in the pathophysiology of metabolic disorders, such as Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and Type 2 Diabetes (T2DM). There is a little information concerning CTRP13 in the context of NAFLD and T2DM. We evaluated the plasma levels of CTRP13 in healthy control and patients with NAFLD, T2DM and NAFLD+T2DM, and also correlations between CTRP13 plasma levels and clinical and subclinical features. Circulating CTRP13 was examined in 88 male (20 healthy control, 22 T2DM patients, 22 NAFLD patients and 22 NAFLD+T2DM patients)...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936229/endothelial-mesenchymal-transition-in-vascular-calcification-of-ins2akita-mice
#5
Pierre J Guihard, Jiayi Yao, Ana M Blazquez-Medela, Luisa Iruela-Arispe, Kristina I Boström, Yucheng Yao
Endothelial-mesenchymal transition (EndMT) drives endothelium to contribute to normal development and disease processes. Here, we report that EndMTs occur in the diabetic endothelium of Ins2Akita/wt mouse, and show that induction of sex determining region Y-box 2 (Sox2) is a mediator of excess BMP signaling that results in activation of EndMTs and increased vascular calcification. We also find an induction of a complex of serine proteases in the diabetic endothelium, required for the up-regulation of Sox2. Our results suggest that EndMTs contribute to vascular calcification in diabetic arteries...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936224/change-in-serum-bilirubin-level-as-a-predictor-of-incident-metabolic-syndrome
#6
You-Bin Lee, Seung-Eun Lee, Ji Eun Jun, Jae Hwan Jee, Ji Cheol Bae, Sang-Man Jin, Jae Hyeon Kim
AIM: Serum bilirubin level was negatively associated with the prevalence of metabolic syndrome (MetS) in previous cross-sectional studies. However, bilirubin variance preceding the development of MetS has yet to be investigated. We aimed to determine the effect of change in bilirubin concentration on the risk of incident MetS in healthy Korean adults. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective longitudinal study of subjects who had undergone at least four yearly health check-ups between 2006 and 2012...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936195/plaque-characteristics-in-coronary-artery-disease-patients-with-impaired-glucose-tolerance
#7
Keishi Suzuki, Hitoshi Takano, Yoshiaki Kubota, Keisuke Inui, Shunichi Nakamura, Yukichi Tokita, Koji Kato, Kuniya Asai, Wataru Shimizu
BACKGROUND: Impaired glucose tolerance (IGT) patients are known to have a high risk of cardiovascular events and their prognosis has been reported to be poor. The present study aimed to compare coronary plaque characteristics among coronary artery disease (CAD) patients with normal glucose tolerance (NGT), those with IGT, and those with diabetes mellitus (DM) by using optical coherence tomography (OCT). METHODS: The present study included 101 coronary artery disease patients (mean age, 67...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936176/correction-role-of-microrna-1207-5p-and-its-host-gene-the-long-non-coding-rna-pvt1-as-mediators-of-extracellular-matrix-accumulation-in-the-kidney-implications-for-diabetic-nephropathy
#8
M Lucrecia Alvarez, Mahdieh Khosroheidari, Elena Eddy, Jeff Kiefer, Johanna K DiStefano
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0077468.].
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936096/factors-associated-with-disability-in-rural-bangladesh-bangladesh-population-based-diabetes-and-eye-study-bpdes
#9
Fakir M Amirul Islam, Jahar L Bhowmik, Silvia Z Islam, Andre M N Renzaho, Janet E Hiller
BACKGROUND: To assess factors associated with disability in a rural district of Bangladesh. METHODS: Using a population-based systematic sampling technique, data were collected from 3104 adults aged ≥ 30 years from the Banshgram union of Narail district. Data collected included an interviewer administered questionnaire to report physical disabilities including impairment that prevents engagement with paid work, visual, hearing, and mobility as well as mental disabilities...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936094/lutein-attenuates-both-apoptosis-and-autophagy-upon-cobalt-ii-chloride-induced-hypoxia-in-rat-m%C3%A5-ller-cells
#10
Frederic K C Fung, Betty Y K Law, Amy C Y Lo
Retinal ischemia/reperfusion injury is a common feature of various retinal diseases such as glaucoma and diabetic retinopathy. Lutein, a potent anti-oxidant, is used to improve visual function in patients with age-related macular degeneration (AMD). Lutein attenuates apoptosis, oxidative stress and inflammation in animal models of acute retinal ischemia/hypoxia. Here, we further show that lutein improved Műller cell viability and enhanced cell survival upon hypoxia-induced cell death through regulation of intrinsic apoptotic pathway...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936083/effectiveness-and-cost-effectiveness-of-a-cluster-randomized-prenatal-lifestyle-counseling-trial-a-seven-year-follow-up
#11
Päivi Kolu, Jani Raitanen, Jatta Puhkala, Pipsa Tuominen, Pauliina Husu, Riitta Luoto
There is a link between the pregnancy and its long-term influence on health and susceptibility to future chronic disease both in mother and offspring. The objective was to determine whether individual counseling on physical activity and diet and weight gain at five antenatal visits can prevent type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and overweight or improve glycemic parameters, among all at-risk-mothers and their children. Another objective was to evaluate whether gestational lifestyle intervention was cost-effective as measured with mother's sickness absence and quality-adjusted life years (QALY)...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936074/association-between-metabolic-syndrome-and-cognitive-impairment-after-acute-ischemic-stroke-a-cross-sectional-study-in-a-chinese-population
#12
Pan Li, Wei Quan, Da Lu, Yan Wang, Hui-Hong Zhang, Shuai Liu, Rong-Cai Jiang, Yu-Ying Zhou
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Metabolic syndrome (MetS), a risk factor for many vascular conditions, is associated with vascular cognitive disorders. The objective of the present study was to explore the associations of MetS and its individual components with the risks of cognitive impairment and neurological dysfunction in patients after acute stroke. METHODS: This cross-sectional study enrolled 840 patients ranging in age from 53 to 89 years from the Tianjin area of North China...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936071/foot-conditions-among-homeless-persons-a-systematic-review
#13
Matthew J To, Thomas D Brothers, Colin Van Zoost
INTRODUCTION: Foot problems are common among homeless persons, but are often overlooked. The objectives of this systematic review are to summarize what is known about foot conditions and associated interventions among homeless persons. METHODS: A literature search was conducted on MEDLINE (1966-2016), EMBASE (1947-2016), and CINAHL (1982-2016) and complemented by manual searches of reference lists. Articles that described foot conditions in homeless persons or associated interventions were included...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27935995/into-the-bowels-of-depression-unravelling-medical-symptoms-associated-with-depression-by-applying-machine-learning-techniques-to-a-community-based-population-sample
#14
Joanna F Dipnall, Julie A Pasco, Michael Berk, Lana J Williams, Seetal Dodd, Felice N Jacka, Denny Meyer
BACKGROUND: Depression is commonly comorbid with many other somatic diseases and symptoms. Identification of individuals in clusters with comorbid symptoms may reveal new pathophysiological mechanisms and treatment targets. The aim of this research was to combine machine-learning (ML) algorithms with traditional regression techniques by utilising self-reported medical symptoms to identify and describe clusters of individuals with increased rates of depression from a large cross-sectional community based population epidemiological study...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27935988/effects-of-a-community-based-healthy-lifestyle-intervention-program-co-help-among-adults-with-prediabetes-in-a-developing-country-a-quasi-experimental-study
#15
Norliza Ibrahim, Foong Ming Moy, Intan Attikah Nur Awalludin, Zainudin Mohd Ali, Ikram Shah Ismail
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of type 2 diabetes among Malaysian adults has increased by more than two folds over the past two decades. Strategies to collaborate with the existing community partners may become a promising channel for wide-scale dissemination of diabetes prevention in the country. The objectives of this study were to determine the effects of community-based lifestyle interventions delivered to adults with prediabetes and their health-related quality of life as compared to the usual care group...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27935975/baseline-body-mass-index-and-the-efficacy-of-hypoglycemic-treatment-in-type-2-diabetes-a-meta-analysis
#16
Xiaoling Cai, Wenjia Yang, Xueying Gao, Lingli Zhou, Xueyao Han, Linong Ji
AIM: The aim of this study is to compare the effects of hypoglycemic treatments in groups of patients categorized according to the mean baseline body mass indexes (BMIs). METHODS: Studies were identified by a literature search and all the studies were double blind, placebo-controlled randomized trials in type 2 diabetes patients; study length of ≥12 weeks with the efficacy evaluated by changes in HbA1c from baseline in groups. The electronic search was first conducted in January 2015 and repeated in June 2015...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27935966/the-transcription-factor-nfatc2-regulates-%C3%AE-cell-proliferation-and-genes-associated-with-type-2-diabetes-in-mouse-and-human-islets
#17
Mark P Keller, Pradyut K Paul, Mary E Rabaglia, Donnie S Stapleton, Kathryn L Schueler, Aimee Teo Broman, Shuyun Isabella Ye, Ning Leng, Christopher J Brandon, Elias Chaibub Neto, Christopher L Plaisier, Shane P Simonett, Melkam A Kebede, Gloria M Sheynkman, Mark A Klein, Nitin S Baliga, Lloyd M Smith, Karl W Broman, Brian S Yandell, Christina Kendziorski, Alan D Attie
Human genome-wide association studies (GWAS) have shown that genetic variation at >130 gene loci is associated with type 2 diabetes (T2D). We asked if the expression of the candidate T2D-associated genes within these loci is regulated by a common locus in pancreatic islets. Using an obese F2 mouse intercross segregating for T2D, we show that the expression of ~40% of the T2D-associated genes is linked to a broad region on mouse chromosome (Chr) 2. As all but 9 of these genes are not physically located on Chr 2, linkage to Chr 2 suggests a genomic factor(s) located on Chr 2 regulates their expression in trans...
December 2016: PLoS Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27935938/retinal-capillary-rarefaction-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#18
Agnes Jumar, Joanna M Harazny, Christian Ott, Stefanie Friedrich, Iris Kistner, Kristina Striepe, Roland E Schmieder
PURPOSE: In diabetes mellitus type 2, capillary rarefaction plays a pivotal role in the pathogenesis of end-organ damage. We investigated retinal capillary density in patients with early disease. METHODS: This cross-sectional study compares retinal capillary rarefaction determined by intercapillary distance (ICD) and capillary area (CapA), measured non-invasively and in vivo by scanning laser Doppler flowmetry, in 73 patients with type 2 diabetes, 55 healthy controls and 134 individuals with hypertension stage 1 or 2...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27935933/comprehensive-diabetes-and-non-communicable-disease-educator-in-the-low-resource-settings
#19
M D Bhattarai
The role of self-management education in diabetes and other major non-communicable diseases is clearly evident. To take care of and educate people with diabetes and other major NCD under the supervision of medical professionals and for education of other health care professionals, Comprehensive Diabetes and NCD Educators are needed in the routine service in peripheral health clinics and hospitals. The areas of training of CDNCD educator should match with the cost-effective interventions for diabetes and other major NCD that are feasible and planned for implementation in primary care in the low resource settings...
April 2016: JNMA; Journal of the Nepal Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27935930/acute-ischemic-stroke-and-acute-on-chronic-kidney-disease
#20
R A Aftab, A H Khan, H A AbdulRazzaq, A S Adnan
Ischemic stroke is due to either local thrombus formation or emboli that occlude a cerebral artery, together with chronic kidney disease represent major mortality and morbidity.Here we present a case of 53 years old Malay man, admitted to a hospital in Malaysia complaining of sudden on set of weakness on right sided upper and lower limb associated with slurred speech. Patient was also suffering from uncontrolled hypertension, hyperlipidemia, chronic kidney disease stage 4, and diabetes mellitus (uncontrolled)...
April 2016: JNMA; Journal of the Nepal Medical Association
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