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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813967/integration-of-serious-games-and-wearable-haptic-interfaces-for-neuro-rehabilitation-of-children-with-movement-disorders-a-feasibility-study
#1
Ilaria Bortone, Daniele Leonardis, Massimiliano Solazzi, Caterina Procopio, Alessandra Crecchi, Luca Bonfiglio, Antonio Frisoli
The past decade has seen the emergence of rehabilitation treatments using virtual reality environments. One of the advantages in using this technology is the potential to create positive motivation, by means of engaging environments and tasks shaped in the form of serious games. In this work, we propose a novel Neuro Rehabilitation System for children with movement disorders, that is based on serious games in immersive virtual reality with haptic feedback. The system design aims to enhance involvement and engagement of patients, to provide congruent multi-sensory afferent feedback during motor exercises, and to benefit from the flexibility of virtual reality in adapting exercises to the patient's needs...
July 2017: IEEE ... International Conference on Rehabilitation Robotics: [proceedings]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813966/exergaming-with-a-pediatric-exoskeleton-facilitating-rehabilitation-and-research-in-children-with-cerebral-palsy
#2
Thomas C Bulea, Zachary F Lerner, Andrew J Gravunder, Diane L Damiano
Effective rehabilitation of children with cerebral palsy (CP) requires intensive task-specific exercise but many in this population lack the motor capabilities to complete the desired training tasks. Providing robotic assistance is a potential solution yet the effects of this assistance are unclear. We combined a novel exoskeleton and exercise video game (exergame) to create a new rehabilitation paradigm for children with CP. We incorporated high density electroencephalography (EEG) to assess cortical activity...
July 2017: IEEE ... International Conference on Rehabilitation Robotics: [proceedings]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813636/using-systems-science-to-inform-population-health-strategies-in-local-health-departments-a-case-study-in-san-antonio-texas
#3
Yan Li, Norma A Padrón, Anil T Mangla, Pamela G Russo, Thomas Schlenker, José A Pagán
OBJECTIVES: Because of state and federal health care reform, local health departments play an increasingly prominent role leading and coordinating disease prevention programs in the United States. This case study shows how a local health department working in chronic disease prevention and management can use systems science and evidence-based decision making to inform program selection, implementation, and assessment; enhance engagement with local health systems and organizations; and possibly optimize health care delivery and population health...
January 1, 2017: Public Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813437/a-systematic-review-of-the-relationship-between-internet-use-self-harm-and-suicidal-behaviour-in-young-people-the-good-the-bad-and-the-unknown
#4
Amanda Marchant, Keith Hawton, Ann Stewart, Paul Montgomery, Vinod Singaravelu, Keith Lloyd, Nicola Purdy, Kate Daine, Ann John
BACKGROUND: Research exploring internet use and self-harm is rapidly expanding amidst concerns regarding influences of on-line activities on self-harm and suicide, especially in young people. We aimed to systematically review evidence regarding the potential influence of the internet on self-harm/suicidal behaviour in young people. METHODS: We conducted a systematic review based on an electronic search for articles published between 01/01/2011 and 26/01/2015 across databases including Medline, Cochrane and PsychInfo...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813335/cultural-sport-psychology-a-critical-review-of-empirical-advances
#5
REVIEW
Tatiana V Ryba
Despite a long standing assertion that sociocultural domain is one of the factors constituting human psychological phenomena, sport psychological science has only recently begun to examine culture as the principal basis of physical activity and sport participants' behaviour, wellbeing, engagement, and performance outcomes. Emphasizing the centrality of culture in bringing meaning to athlete careers and life projects, I summarise empirical literature explicitly positioned within cultural sport psychology (CSP)...
August 2017: Current Opinion in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812953/workplace-bullying-and-turnover-intention-exploring-work-engagement-as-a-potential-mediator
#6
Melinde Coetzee, Jeannette van Dyk
Employees' turnover intentions may entail expensive consequences for companies. The study examined the mediating effect of work engagement in the relationship between workplace bullying and turnover intention. Using a cross-sectional sample of 373 employees, structural equation modeling and mediation analysis showed that perceptions of work- and person-related bullying were linked to low levels of vigor and dedication which in turn were associated with high turnover intention. Work engagement partially mediated the effect of high workplace bullying on high turnover intention...
January 1, 2017: Psychological Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812449/balancing-performance-based-expectations-with-a-holistic-perspective-on-coaching-a-qualitative-study-of-swedish-women-s-national-football-team-coaches-practice-experiences
#7
Eva-Carin Lindgren, Natalie Barker-Ruchti
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to explore how an exclusive sample of women's national football team coaches described how they implement careful coaching while facing social and organizational pressure to win medals. METHOD: To consider coaches' negotiations, we drew on Noddings' concept of caring. Using an interpretive research paradigm, we conducted in-depth interviews with five Swedish women's national football team coaches. An abductive approach was used to simultaneously process the theoretical framework of "ethics of care" and the empirical data...
December 2017: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811179/lateral-frontal-pole-and-relational-processing-activation-patterns-and-connectivity-profile
#8
Bart Hartogsveld, Bob Bramson, Suhas Vijayakumar, A Dilene van Campen, José P Marques, Karin Roelofs, Ivan Toni, Harold Bekkering, Rogier B Mars
The functional contribution of the lateral prefrontal cortex to behavior has been discussed with reference to several higher-order cognitive domains. In a separate line of research, recent studies have focused on the anatomical organization of this part of the brain. However, these different approaches are rarely combined. Here, we combine previous work using anatomical connectivity that identified a lateral subdivision of the human frontal pole and work that suggested a general role for rostrolateral prefrontal cortex in processing higher-order relations, irrespective of the type of information...
August 12, 2017: Behavioural Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810453/-health-psychology-or-psychology-for-health-a-history-of-psychologists-engagement-with-health-in-south-africa
#9
Jeffery Yen, Oriana Vaccarino
In contrast to the institutionalization of health psychology in North America and Europe, much psychological work on health issues in South Africa emerged as part of a critical revitalization of South African psychology as a whole, coinciding with the dismantling of Apartheid and global shifts in health discourse. The field's development reflects attempts to engage with urgent health problems in the context of rapid sociopolitical changes that followed democratic transition in the 1990s, and under new conditions of knowledge production...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810394/adapting-evidence-based-behavioral-weight-loss-programs-for-emerging-adults-a-pilot-randomized-controlled-trial
#10
Jessica Gokee LaRose, Deborah F Tate, Autumn Lanoye, Joseph L Fava, Elissa Jelalian, Megan Blumenthal, Laura J Caccavale, Rena R Wing
Emerging adults are at high risk of obesity but behavioral weight loss programs do not meet their needs. Emerging adults ( N = 52, age = 22.3 ± 2 years, body mass index = 34.2 ± 5.5 kg/m(2), 46.2% non-Hispanic White) were randomly assigned to one of three behavioral weight loss programs adapted based on formative work: face-to-face behavioral weight loss, web-based behavioral weight loss, or web plus optional community sessions (Hybrid). Assessments occurred at 0 and 3 months. Engagement and self-monitoring were highest in Hybrid...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810211/how-local-health-departments-work-towards-health-equity
#11
Rebeccah Sokol, Beth Moracco, Sharon Nelson, Jill Rushing, Tish Singletary, Karen Stanley, Anna Stein
BACKGROUND: Health inequities are exacerbated when health promotion programs and resources do not reach selected populations. Local health departments (LHDs)(1) have the potential to address health equity via engaging priority populations in their work. However, we do not have an understanding of what local agencies are doing on this front. METHODS: In the summer of 2016, we collaborated with informants from thirteen LHDs across North Carolina. Via semi-structured interviews, the research team asked informants about their LHD's understanding of health equity and engaging priority populations in program planning, implementation, and evaluation...
August 5, 2017: Evaluation and Program Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809741/hepatitis-c-virus-infection-outcomes-among-immigrants-to-canada-a-retrospective-cohort-analysis
#12
Curtis L Cooper, Kednapa Thavorn, Ecaterina Damian, Daniel J Corsi
INTRODUCTION AND AIM: HCV-infected immigrants contribute to the total prevalence in Canada and other developed nations. Little is known about engagement in care, access to service, and treatment outcomes in recipients of Direct Acting Antiviral (DAA) HCV therapies among immigrants living with HCV. MATERIAL AND METHODS: HCV patients assessed at The Ottawa Hospital Viral Hepatitis Clinic between 2000-2016 were identified. Immigration history, race, socioeconomic status, HCV work-up, treatment and outcome data were evaluated...
August 8, 2017: Annals of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809491/a-total-synthesis-of-the-marine-alkaloid-discoipyrrole-d
#13
Yiwen Zhang, Martin G Banwell
A total synthesis of the diastereoisomeric pair of compounds, 4, assigned to the marine alkaloid discoipyrrole D is reported. A series of palladium-catalysed cross-coupling and other reactions was employed to assemble the relevant 1,2,3,4-tetra-substituted pyrrole (16) that was engaged in MoOPH-mediated oxidative cyclization then conjugate addition and redox processes to complete the synthesis. This work serves to confirm the structure (4) originally assigned to discoipyrrole D.
August 15, 2017: Journal of Organic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807640/rogue-nuns-grow-services-to-combat-growing-problems
#14
Loring Leifer
This paper tells the story of how an experiment in caring for the children of poor, working mothers became a multimillion-dollar early learning center. It follows the evolution of two nuns who began providing day care in a church and came to realize that children living in poverty need a much greater range of services. It covers how the sisters broke with the Catholic Church and engaged alternative and unorthodox sources to help the operation survive and to extend its reach. It documents how far the sisters went to keep the doors open and how they sustained success...
August 11, 2017: Current Problems in Pediatric and Adolescent Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807618/repeatability-of-the-infant-food-reinforcement-paradigm-implications-of-individual-and-developmental-differences
#15
Kai Ling Kong, Rina D Eiden, Stephanie Anzman-Frasca, Corrin L Stier, Rocco A Paluch, Jessica Mendez, Emily Slominski, Gowthami Gengatharan, Leonard H Epstein
The relative reinforcing value of food versus engagement in other behaviors may be related to the development of obesity, and interventions to reduce FRR may decrease incidences of the development of future cases of obesity. Our laboratory recently developed a paradigm to measure the reinforcing value of food versus an alternative stimulus (i.e., playing with bubbles) in infants using a computerized laboratory task, during which infants press a button to earn reinforcers following a progressive ratio schedule of reinforcement...
August 11, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807617/measurement-of-peripheral-venous-catheter-related-phlebitis-a-cross-sectional-study
#16
Katarina Göransson, Ulrika Förberg, Eva Johansson, Maria Unbeck
BACKGROUND: Many instruments for measurement of peripheral venous catheter (PVC)-related phlebitis are available, but no consensus exists on their applicability in clinical practice. This absence of consensus affects the ability to identify and compare proportions of PVCs causing phlebitis within and across hospitals as the range varies between 2% and 62% in previous studies. We hypothesised that the instruments' ability to identify phlebitis varies. The aim of this study is to illustrate the complexity of application of phlebitis instruments to a clinical dataset...
August 11, 2017: Lancet Haematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806989/maximising-value-from-a-united-kingdom-biomedical-research-centre-study-protocol
#17
Trisha Greenhalgh, Pavel V Ovseiko, Nick Fahy, Sara Shaw, Polly Kerr, Alexander D Rushforth, Keith M Channon, Vasiliki Kiparoglou
BACKGROUND: Biomedical Research Centres (BRCs) are partnerships between healthcare organisations and universities in England. Their mission is to generate novel treatments, technologies, diagnostics and other interventions that increase the country's international competitiveness, to rapidly translate these innovations into benefits for patients, and to improve efficiency and reduce waste in healthcare. As NIHR Oxford BRC (Oxford BRC) enters its third 5-year funding period, we seek to (1) apply the evidence base on how best to support the various partnerships in this large, multi-stakeholder research system and (2) research how these partnerships play out in a new, ambitious programme of translational research...
August 14, 2017: Health Research Policy and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806946/improving-access-to-mental-health-care-in-an-orthodox-jewish-community-a-critical-reflection-upon-the-accommodation-of-otherness
#18
Phil McEvoy, Tracey Williamson, Raphael Kada, Debra Frazer, Chardworth Dhliwayo, Linda Gask
BACKGROUND: The English National Health Service (NHS) has significantly extended the supply of evidence based psychological interventions in primary care for people experiencing common mental health problems. Yet despite the extra resources, the accessibility of services for 'under-served' ethnic and religious minority groups, is considerably short of the levels of access that may be necessary to offset the health inequalities created by their different exposure to services, resulting in negative health outcomes...
August 14, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806940/evaluation-of-the-implementation-of-an-intervention-to-improve-the-street-environment-and-promote-walking-for-transport-in-deprived-neighbourhoods
#19
Emma J Adams, Nick Cavill, Lauren B Sherar
BACKGROUND: Levels of physical activity remain low, particularly in deprived areas. Improving the street environment to promote walking for transport using a community engagement approach is a potential strategy to increase physical activity. An understanding of the implementation of this intervention approach is needed to facilitate further research, replication and scale-up. The aim of this study was to evaluate the implementation of the Fitter for Walking (FFW) intervention in deprived neighbourhoods...
August 14, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806373/patient-aligned-care-team-engagement-to-connect-veterans-experiencing-homelessness-with-appropriate-health-care
#20
Adi V Gundlapalli, Andrew Redd, Daniel Bolton, Megan E Vanneman, Marjorie E Carter, Erin Johnson, Matthew H Samore, Jamison D Fargo, Thomas P O'Toole
BACKGROUND: Veterans experiencing homelessness frequently use emergency and urgent care (ED). OBJECTIVE: To examine the effect of a Patient-aligned Care Team (PACT) model tailored to the unique needs of Veterans experiencing homelessness (H-PACT) on frequency and type of ED visits in Veterans Health Administration (VHA) medical facilities. RESEARCH DESIGN: During a 12-month period, ED visits for 3981 homeless Veterans enrolled in (1) H-PACT at 20 VHA medical centers (enrolled) were compared with those of (2) 24,363 homeless Veterans not enrolled in H-PACT at the same sites (nonenrolled), and (3) 23,542 homeless Veterans at 12 non-H-PACT sites (usual care) using a difference-in-differences approach...
September 2017: Medical Care
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