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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658403/endobronchial-stenting-on-vv-ecmo-in-a-6-month-old-girl-with-right-lung-agenesis-and-severe-stenosis-of-the-left-main-bronchus
#1
Vaclav Vobruba, Jiri Votruba, Jan Bělohlávek, Tomas Grus, Pavel Leden, Tomas Zaoral, Jan Hřídel
INTRODUCTION: Lung agenesis is a rare disorder with a variable, but potentially very bad clinical course. It necessitates complex clinical management, especially in life-threatening situations. CASE REPORT: We describe a case of a 6-month-old girl with right lung agenesis who required venovenous extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (VV-ECMO) due to pneumonia complicated by exacerbated previously diagnosed left main bronchus stenosis. The stenosis was resolved by endobronchial intervention and X-ray-guided stent insertion, which enabled weaning from ECMO and was aimed at preventing such a life-threatening respiratory failure in the future...
April 1, 2018: Perfusion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29623451/invasive-pulmonary-aspergillosis-is-associated-with-adverse-clinical-outcomes-in-critically-ill-patients-receiving-veno-venous-extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation
#2
I Rodriguez-Goncer, S Thomas, P Foden, M D Richardson, A Ashworth, J Barker, C G Geraghty, E G Muldoon, T W Felton
To identify the incidence, risk factors and impact on long-term survival of invasive pulmonary aspergillosis (IPA) and Aspergillus colonisation in patients receiving vv-extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO). A retrospective evaluation was performed of patients receiving vv-ECMO at a tertiary hospital in Manchester (UK) between January 2012 and December 2016. Data collected included epidemiological data, microbiological cultures, radiographic findings and outcomes. Cases were classified as proven IPA, putative IPA or Aspergillus colonisation according to a validated clinical algorithm...
April 6, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29616522/further-options-and-survival-results-after-failure-following-ecls-implantation
#3
Leopold Rupprecht, Daniele Camboni, Alois Philipp, Dirk Lunz, Thomas Müller, Christof Schmid, Andreas Keyser
BACKGROUND: A retrospective study was designed to analyze the outcome of patients with extracorporeal life support (ECLS) who needed a consecutive cardiac or pulmonary support system. METHODS: From 2006 to 2016, 93 out of 587 patients with their age ranging from 2.4 to 77.3 years required an exchange of an ECLS by another mechanical support system. Sixty- one patients were inhospital cases, 39 patients were referred with ECLS from other institutions by ambulance car (n=15) or helicopter (n=24)...
April 3, 2018: Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29614572/-four-cases-of-acute-respiratory-distress-syndrome-patients-transported-with-veno-venous-extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation
#4
Z Zhao, X Y Hong, Y Y Liu, X J Zhang, L S Bao, H T Gao, X H Liu, Z C Feng
Objective: To retrospectively review 4 cases diagnosed with pediatric acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) who were transported with veno-venous (V-V) extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) from April 2016 to March 2017. Methods: Four patients were transported to Bayi Children's Hospital Afflicted to the PLA Army General Hospital, with V-V ECMO. Their vital signs, blood-gas analysis and chest X-ray before and after transportation were compared. The length of ECMO, pediatric intensive care unit (PICU) stay and hospitalization, and the prognosis were analyzed...
April 2, 2018: Zhonghua Er Ke za Zhi. Chinese Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29608490/veno-venous-extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation-for-respiratory-failure-how-long-is-too-long
#5
Jay Menaker, Ronald P Rabinowitz, Ali Tabatabai, Ronald B Tesoriero, Katelyn Dolly, Christopher Cornachione, Edward Stene, Jessica Buchner, Joseph Kufera, Zachary N Kon, Kristopher B Deatrick, Daniel L Herr, James V O'Connor, Thomas M Scalea
The use of veno-venous extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (VV ECMO) in adults with respiratory failure has steadily increased during the past decade. Recent literature has demonstrated variable outcomes with the use of extended ECMO. The purpose of this study is to evaluate survival to hospital discharge in patients with extended ECMO runs compared with patients with short ECMO runs at a tertiary care ECMO referral center. We retrospectively reviewed all patients on VV ECMO for respiratory failure between August 2014 and February 2017...
March 28, 2018: ASAIO Journal: a Peer-reviewed Journal of the American Society for Artificial Internal Organs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29572879/patient-specific-atrial-hemodynamics-of-a-double-lumen-neonatal-cannula-in-correct-caval-position
#6
Jamil Muhammad, Mohammad Rezaeimoghaddam, Bilgesu Cakmak, Reza Rasooli, Ece Salihoglu, Yahya Yıldız, Kerem Pekkan
Clinical success of pediatric veno-venous (VV) extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) is associated with the double lumen cannula cardiovascular device design as well as its anatomic orientation in the atrium. The positions of cannula ports with respect to the vena cavae and the tricuspid valve are believed to play a significant role on device hemodynamics. Despite various improvements in ECMO catheters, especially for the neonatal and congenital heart patients, it is still challenging to select a catalogue size that would fit to most patients optimally...
March 23, 2018: Artificial Organs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29566407/intracranial-hemorrhage-and-early-mortality-in-patients-receiving-extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation-for-severe-respiratory-failure
#7
Deepa R J Arachchillage, Maurizio Passariello, Michael Laffan, T C Aw, Leah Owen, Winston Banya, Richard Trimlett, Cliff Morgan, Brijesh V Patel, John Pepper, Stephane Ledot
Intracranial hemorrhage (ICH) is a serious complication in patients receiving veno-venous extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (VV-ECMO) and is associated with high mortality. It is unknown whether ICH may be a consequence of the ECMO or of an underlying disease. The authors first aimed to assess the incidence of ICH at initiation and during the course of VV-ECMO and its associated mortality. The second aim was to identify clinical and laboratory measures that could predict the development of ICH in severe respiratory failure...
March 22, 2018: Seminars in Thrombosis and Hemostasis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29559757/successful-use-of-extracorporeal-life-support-in-a-hematopoietic-stem-cell-transplant-patient-with-neuroblastoma
#8
Feifei Z Williams, Atul Vats, Thomas Cash, James D Fortenberry
Respiratory failure associated with hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) has been considered a contraindication for use of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) at many centers. We describe a child with neuroblastoma and hypoxemic respiratory failure following HSCT who was successfully managed with veno-venous (VV) ECMO. The patient was an 18-month-old female with high-risk neuroblastoma status post tumor resection, chemotherapy, autologous HSCT, and primary site radiation. On day 113 posttransplant while receiving maintenance immunotherapy, she had an acute respiratory decompensation because of rhinovirus, aspiration pneumonia, and capillary leak syndrome...
March 2018: Journal of Extra-corporeal Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29551243/evaluating-quality-of-life-of-extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation-survivors-using-the-pediatric-quality-of-life-inventory-survey
#9
Yangyang R Yu, Jennifer L Carpenter, Annalyn S DeMello, Sundeep G Keswani, Darrell L Cass, Oluyinka O Olutoye, Adam M Vogel, James A Thomas, Cole Burgman, Caraciolo J Fernandes, Timothy C Lee
PURPOSE: This study assesses the impact of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) associated morbidities on long-term quality of life (QOL) outcomes. METHODS: A single center, retrospective review of neonatal and pediatric non-cardiac ECMO survivors from 1/2005-7/2016 was performed. The 2012 Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory™ (PedsQL™) survey was administered. Clinical outcomes and QOL scores between groups were compared. RESULTS: Of 74 patients eligible, 64% (35 NICU, 12 PICU) completed the survey...
February 10, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29529977/routine-ct-scanning-of-patients-retrieved-to-a-tertiary-centre-on-veno-venous-extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation-a-retrospective-risk-benefit-analysis
#10
Kate M Richmond, Katharine G Warburton, Simon J Finney, Sachin Shah, Benjamin A J Reddi
INTRODUCTION: Comprehensive clinical examination can be compromised in patients on veno-venous extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (VV-ECMO). Adjunctive diagnostic imaging strategies range from bedside imaging only to routine computed tomography (CT). The risk-benefit of either approach remains to be evaluated. Patients retrieved to the Royal Brompton Hospital (RBH) on VV-ECMO routinely undergo admission CT imaging of head, chest, abdomen and pelvis. This study aimed to identify how frequently changes in therapy or adverse events could be attributed to routine CT scanning...
March 1, 2018: Perfusion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29519311/a-24-year-old-woman-with-precipitous-respiratory-failure-after-lung-transplantation
#11
Whittney A Warren, Domingo Franco-Palacios, Christopher S King, Oksana A Shlobin, Steven D Nathan, Shalika B Katugaha, Haresh Mani, A Whitney Brown
A 24-year-old woman with ΔF508/Y1092X cystic fibrosis (CF) complicated by severe obstructive lung disease (FEV1 of 30% predicted) was admitted for IV antibiotics for planned sinus surgery resulting from severe chronic sinusitis causing frequent exacerbations and declining lung function. She had persistent airway infection with multidrug-resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa, methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus, and growth of a fungus presumed to be an airway colonizer, identified as Stephanoascus ciferrii 1 year before presentation...
March 2018: Chest
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29508167/inhalative-sedation-with-small-tidal-volumes-under-venovenous-ecmo
#12
Axel Rand, Peter K Zahn, Thomas A Schildhauer, Christian Waydhas, Uwe Hamsen
BACKGROUND: Inhalative sedation is an emerging method for long-term sedation in intensive care therapy. There is evidence that it is easy to control and may be beneficial compared to intravenous sedation. Yet little is known about the use in patients with compromised lung function. In this retrospective analysis, we searched files of patients receiving inhalative sedation under venovenous extracorporeal membrane oxygenator (vv-ECMO) support due to lung failure. METHODS: After ethical approval, we performed a retrospective analysis of patients receiving vv-ECMO support and inhalative sedation in the surgical ICU in 2015...
March 5, 2018: Journal of Artificial Organs: the Official Journal of the Japanese Society for Artificial Organs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29506897/success-with-vv-ecmo-for-respiratory-failure-is-it-the-device-the-center-or-both
#13
EDITORIAL
Martin Chen, Adam Evans, Jacob Gutsche
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 26, 2017: Journal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29500117/extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation-in-severe-respiratory-failure-resulting-from-burns-and-smoke-inhalation-injury
#14
Lajos Szentgyorgyi, Chloe Shepherd, Ken W Dunn, Peter Fawcett, Julian M Barker, Paul Exton, Marc O Maybauer
Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) is one of the most frequent forms of extracorporeal life support (ECLS) and can be used as rescue therapy in patients with severe respiratory failure resulting from burns and/or smoke inhalation injury. Experience and literature on this treatment option is still very limited, consequently results are varied. We report a retrospective analysis of our experience with veno-venous (VV) ECMO in burn patients. All five patients, three male and two female (age: 28-37 years) had flame type burns and smoke inhalation injury...
February 27, 2018: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29464442/the-use-of-vv-ecmo-in-patients-with-drug-dependencies
#15
George Stoyle, Peter Fawcett, Ignacio Malagon
The purpose of this study is to determine the effect of illicit drug and alcohol dependencies on mortality, length of stay, and complications in patients who have been supported with veno-venous extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (VV-ECMO) following respiratory failure not responsive to conventional methods of ventilation. 584 VV-ECMO referrals received at Wythenshawe Hospital were reviewed for evidence of drug dependency. 13 patients were identified as being drug-dependent and having undergone treatment with VV-ECMO...
February 20, 2018: Journal of Artificial Organs: the Official Journal of the Japanese Society for Artificial Organs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447407/the-feasibility-of-venovenous-ecmo-at-role-2-facilities-in-austere-military-environments
#16
Mohamed A T Mohamed, Tareq Maraqa, Matthew D Bacchetta, Michael McShane, Kenneth L Wilson
Introduction: Venovenous extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (VV-ECMO) has been gaining use to bridge the recovery from acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) refractory to conventional treatment. However, these interventions are often limited to higher echelons of military care. We present a case of lung salvage from severe ARDS in an Afghani soldier with VV-ECMO at a Role-2 (R2) facility in an austere military environment in Afghanistan. Case: A 25-year-old Afghani soldier presented to an R2 facility with blast lung injury and multiple penetrating injuries following an explosion...
February 13, 2018: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29404795/prolonged-extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation-for-pediatric-necrotizing-pneumonia-due-to-streptococcus-pneumonia-and-influenza-h1n1-co-infection-how-long-should-we-wait-for-native-lung-recovery
#17
Gerard Cortina, Christian Niederwanger, Uwe Klingkowski, Corinna Velik-Salchner, Nikolaus Neu
Most children with severe respiratory failure require extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) for 7-10 days. However, some may need prolonged duration ECMO (> 14 days). To date, no consensus exists on how long to wait for native lung recovery. Here we report the case of a 3-year-old boy who developed severe necrotizing pneumonia requiring venovenous (VV) ECMO after 19 days of mechanical ventilation. In the first 4 weeks of his ECMO run, he showed no lung aeration, requiring total extracorporeal support...
February 5, 2018: Journal of Artificial Organs: the Official Journal of the Japanese Society for Artificial Organs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29395370/adequacy-of-nutrition-support-during-extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation
#18
Liisa MacGowan, Elizabeth Smith, Charmaine Elliott-Hammond, Barnaby Sanderson, Dennis Ong, Kathleen Daly, Nicholas A Barrett, Kevin Whelan, Danielle E Bear
BACKGROUND: The use of veno-venous extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (vv-ECMO) is increasing in adults with severe respiratory failure. Observational data suggest that there are significant challenges to providing adequate nutrition support for patients on vv-ECMO. We aimed to describe firstly the nutrition support practices in a large single-centre providing vv-ECMO to adults and secondly any association with clinical outcome. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective review of patients receiving vv-ECMO on the Intensive Care Unit (ICU) of a large London teaching hospital...
January 26, 2018: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29360002/does-acute-kidney-injury-affect-survival-in-adults-with-acute-respiratory-distress-syndrome-requiring-extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation
#19
Richard Devasagayaraj, Nicholas C Cavarocchi, Hitoshi Hirose
INTRODUCTION: Patients who develop severe acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) despite full medical management may require veno-venous extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (VV ECMO) to support respiratory function. Survival outcomes remain unclear in those who develop acute kidney injury (AKI) requiring continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT) during VV ECMO for isolated severe respiratory failure in adult populations. METHODS: A retrospective chart review (2010-2016) of patients who underwent VV ECMO for ARDS was conducted with university institutional review board (IRB) approval...
January 1, 2018: Perfusion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349617/use-of-venovenous-ecmo-for-neonatal-and-pediatric-ecmo-a-decade-of-experience-at-a-tertiary-children-s-hospital
#20
Jennifer L Carpenter, Yangyang R Yu, Darrell L Cass, Oluyinka O Olutoye, James A Thomas, Cole Burgman, Caraciolo J Fernandes, Timothy C Lee
BACKGROUND: Advances in extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) have led to increased use of venovenous (VV) ECMO in the pediatric population. We present the evolution and experience of pediatric VV ECMO at a tertiary care institution. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study from 01/2005 to 07/2016 was performed, comparing by cannulation mode. Survival to discharge, complications, and decannulation analyses were performed. RESULTS: In total, 160 patients (105 NICU, 55 PICU) required 13 ± 11 days of ECMO...
March 2018: Pediatric Surgery International
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