Read by QxMD icon Read

senescence associated secretory phenotype

Joon-Ii Jun, Lester F Lau
The expression of Ccn2 (CTGF) has been linked to fibrosis in many tissues and pathologies, although its activities in fibroblastic cells and precise mechanism of action in fibrogenesis are still controversial. Here, we showed that CCN2 can induce cellular senescence in fibroblasts both in vitro and in vivo, whereupon senescent cells express an anti-fibrotic "senescence-associated secretory phenotype" (SASP) that includes upregulation of matrix metalloproteinases and downregulation of collagen. Mechanistically, CCN2 induces fibroblast senescence through integrin α6β1-mediated accumulation of reactive oxygen species, leading to activation of p53 and induction of p16(INK4a)...
October 18, 2016: Journal of Cell Communication and Signaling
Arif U Hasan, Koji Ohmori, Takeshi Hashimoto, Kazuyo Kamitori, Fuminori Yamaguchi, Kumi Konishi, Takahisa Noma, Junsuke Igarashi, Tetsuo Yamashita, Katsuya Hirano, Masaaki Tokuda, Tetsuo Minamino, Akira Nishiyama, Masakazu Kohno
Deterioration of adipocyte function due to increased oxidative stress predisposes patients to metabolic disorders in advanced age. However, the roles of tumor suppressors in such conditions remain largely unknown. Therefore, we aimed to address their dynamics in aged adipocytes using a long-term culture model. We compared 3T3-L1 adipocytes at 17-19 days (long-term) with those at 8-10 days (short-term) after initiation of adipogenic induction for mimicking 'aged' and 'young' adipocytes, respectively. H2O2 release and dihydroethidium (DHE) staining was increased, while superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity was reduced in long-term cultured adipocytes, which is suggestive of enhanced oxidative stress in this group...
October 12, 2016: Biogerontology
Chunya Ni, Marie-Sophie Narzt, Ionela-Mariana Nagelreiter, Cheng Feng Zhang, Lionel Larue, Heidemarie Rossiter, Johannes Grillari, Erwin Tschachler, Florian Gruber
Autophagy is a recycling program which allows cells to adapt to metabolic needs and to stress. Defects in autophagy can affect metabolism, aging, proteostasis and inflammation. Autophagy pathway genes, including autophagy related 7 (Atg7), have been associated with the regulation of skin pigmentation, and autophagy defects disturb the biogenesis and transport of melanosomes in melanocytes as well as transfer and processing of melanin into keratinocytes. We have previously shown that mice whose melanocytes or keratinocytes lack Atg7 (and thus autophagy) as a result of specific gene knockout still retained functioning melanosome synthesis and transfer, and displayed only moderate reduction of pigmentation...
October 9, 2016: International Journal of Biochemistry & Cell Biology
Grasiella Angelina Andriani, Vinnycius Pereira Almeida, Francesca Faggioli, Maurizio Mauro, Wanxia Li Tsai, Laura Santambrogio, Alexander Maslov, Massimo Gadina, Judith Campisi, Jan Vijg, Cristina Montagna
Age-related accumulation of ploidy changes is associated with decreased expression of genes controlling chromosome segregation and cohesin functions. To determine the consequences of whole chromosome instability (W-CIN) we down-regulated the spindle assembly checkpoint component BUB1 and the mitotic cohesin SMC1A, and used four-color-interphase-FISH coupled with BrdU incorporation and analyses of senescence features to reveal the fate of W-CIN cells. We observed significant correlations between levels of not-diploid cells and senescence-associated features (SAFs)...
October 12, 2016: Scientific Reports
Thomas J Bartosh, Mujib Ullah, Suzanne Zeitouni, Joshua Beaver, Darwin J Prockop
Patients with breast cancer often develop malignant regrowth of residual drug-resistant dormant tumor cells years after primary treatment, a process defined as cancer relapse. Deciphering the causal basis of tumor dormancy therefore has obvious therapeutic significance. Because cancer cell behavior is strongly influenced by stromal cells, particularly the mesenchymal stem/stromal cells (MSCs) that are actively recruited into tumor-associated stroma, we assessed the impact of MSCs on breast cancer cell (BCC) dormancy...
October 3, 2016: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Naoko Ishiguro, Haruhiko Yoshida
Alveolar soft part sarcoma is an extremely rare soft tissue sarcoma with poor prognosis. It is characterized by the unbalanced recurrent chromosomal translocation der(17)t(X;17)(p11;q25), resulting in the generation of an ASPL-TFE3 fusion gene. ASPL-TFE3 oncoprotein functions as an aberrant transcriptional factor and is considered to play a crucial role in the tumorigenesis of alveolar soft part sarcoma. However, the underlying molecular mechanisms are poorly understood. In this study, we identified p21 (p21(WAF1/CIP1)) as a direct transcriptional target of ASPL-TFE3...
October 2016: Neoplasia: An International Journal for Oncology Research
Magdalena L Bochenek, Eva Schütz, Katrin Schäfer
Age is an important cardiovascular risk factor. Among others, age is associated with an increased risk to develop thrombotic cardiovascular complications, both in the arterial (acute myocardial infarction, stroke) and the venous (deep vein thrombosis, pulmonary embolism) system, which cannot be explained by the age-associated increase in cardiovascular risk factors alone. A number of studies have demonstrated that the accumulation of senescent endothelial cells and specific phenotypic and functional alterations associated with endothelial cell senescence may play an important role during the development and progression of cardiovascular disease...
September 20, 2016: Thrombosis Research
Hui Wang, Limin Han, Ganye Zhao, Hong Shen, Pengfeng Wang, Zhaomeng Sun, Chenzhong Xu, Yuanyuan Su, Guodong Li, Tanjun Tong, Jun Chen
Senescent cells display a senescence-associated secretory phenotype (SASP) which contributes to tumor suppression, aging, and cancer. However, the underlying mechanisms for SASP regulation are not fully elucidated. SIRT1, a nicotinamide adenosine dinucleotide-dependent deacetylase, plays multiple roles in metabolism, inflammatory response, and longevity, etc. However, its posttranscriptional regulation and its roles in cellular senescence and SASP regulation are still elusive. Here, we identify the RNA-binding protein hnRNP A1 as a posttranscriptional regulator of SIRT1, as well as cell senescence and SASP regulator...
September 9, 2016: Aging Cell
Athena Georgilis, Jesús Gil
The tumor microenvironment influences cancer progression and therapy outcome by mechanisms not yet fully understood. In this issue of Genes & Development, Bent and colleagues (pp. 1811-1821) show how chemotherapy causes endothelial senescence. Interestingly, senescent endothelial cells do not mount a typical senescence-associated secretory phenotype but instead acutely secrete IL-6, promoting chemoresistance. This study unveils a physiological switch involving PI3K/AKT/mTOR signaling that restrains the senescence secretory responses to limit the detrimental consequences of persistent inflammation...
August 15, 2016: Genes & Development
Huda H Al-Khalaf, Abdelilah Aboussekhra
Senescence and epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) processes are under the control of common tumor suppressor proteins, EMT transcription factors, and microRNAs. However, the molecular mechanisms that coordinate the functional link between senescence and EMT are still elusive. We have shown here that p16(INK4A) -reltaed induction of senescence is mediated through miR-141 and miR-146b-5p. These 2 microRNAs are up-regulated in aging human fibroblast and epithelial cells. Furthermore, miR-141 and miR146b-5p trigger cell cycle arrest at G1 phase and induce senescence in primary human fibroblasts and breast cancer cells in the presence and absence of p16(INK4A) ...
September 6, 2016: Molecular Carcinogenesis
David A Gewirtz, Moureq Alotaibi, Vasily A Yakovlev, Lawrence F Povirk
Inhibitors of poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) are clinically used as single-agent therapy for tumors with BRCA1 or BRCA2 mutations. One approach to expanding the use of PARP inhibitors to a wider range of tumors is to combine them with cytotoxic chemotherapy or radiotherapy. Preclinical studies in experimental animals and tumor cells in culture indicate that PARP inhibition modestly sensitizes most tumor cells to ionizing radiation. Studies of cell behavior after these combined treatments show that radiosensitization is manifested predominantly in an increase in prolonged growth arrest and senescence, with little or no contribution from apoptosis...
September 2, 2016: Radiation Research
Lorena Urbanelli, Sandra Buratta, Krizia Sagini, Brunella Tancini, Carla Emiliani
Cell senescence is associated with the secretion of many factors, the so-called "senescence-associated secretory phenotype", which may alter tissue microenvironment, stimulating the organism to clean up senescent cells and replace them with newly divided ones. Therefore, although no longer dividing, these cells are still metabolically active and influence the surrounding tissue. Much attention has been recently focused not only on soluble factors released by senescent cells, but also on extracellular vesicles as conveyors of senescence signals outside the cell...
2016: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Benjamin Frey, Anja Derer, Heike Scheithauer, Roland Wunderlich, Rainer Fietkau, Udo S Gaipl
Radiotherapy (RT) predominantly is aimed to induce DNA damage in tumour cells that results in reduction of their clonogenicity and finally in tumour cell death. Adaptation of RT with higher single doses has become necessary and led to a more detailed view on what kind of tumour cell death is induced and which immunological consequences result from it. RT is capable of rendering tumour cells immunogenic by modifying the tumour cell phenotype and the microenvironment. Danger signals are released as well as the senescence-associated secretory phenotype...
2016: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
Kanad Ghosh, Brian C Capell
Cellular senescence, a state of stable cell cycle arrest in response to cellular stress, is an indispensable mechanism to counter tumorigenesis by halting the proliferation of damaged cells. However, through the secretion of an array of diverse cytokines, chemokines, growth factors, and proteases known as the senescence-associated secretory phenotype (SASP), senescent cells can paradoxically promote carcinogenesis. Consistent with this, removal of senescent cells delays the onset of cancer and prolongs lifespan in vivo, potentially in part through SASP reduction...
August 17, 2016: Journal of Investigative Dermatology
Marina Lesina, Sonja Maria Wörmann, Jennifer Morton, Kalliope Nina Diakopoulos, Olga Korneeva, Margit Wimmer, Henrik Einwächter, Jan Sperveslage, Ihsan Ekin Demir, Timo Kehl, Dieter Saur, Bence Sipos, Mathias Heikenwälder, Jörg Manfred Steiner, Timothy Cragin Wang, Owen J Sansom, Roland Michael Schmid, Hana Algül
Tumor suppression that is mediated by oncogene-induced senescence (OIS) is considered to function as a safeguard during development of pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC). However, the mechanisms that regulate OIS in PDAC are poorly understood. Here, we have determined that nuclear RelA reinforces OIS to inhibit carcinogenesis in the Kras mouse model of PDAC. Inactivation of RelA accelerated pancreatic lesion formation in Kras mice by abrogating the senescence-associated secretory phenotype (SASP) gene transcription signature...
August 1, 2016: Journal of Clinical Investigation
Murray Korc
Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) is a deadly cancer in which NF-κB pathways promote biological aggressiveness. In this issue of the JCI, Lesina et al. investigated the role of RelA, the p65 partner of p50 that together form the most common NF-κB complex, in the early stages of pancreatic malignant transformation and in established PDAC. By deleting Rela in the context of an oncogenic Kras-driven autochthonous model of PDAC, the authors demonstrated that RelA is a mediator of oncogene-induced senescence (OIS) and the senescence-associated secretory phenotype (SASP) that attenuates acinar-to-ductal metaplasia, pancreatic intraepithelial neoplasia (PanIN) formation, and PanIN progression to PDAC...
August 1, 2016: Journal of Clinical Investigation
Elise Alspach, Sheila A Stewart
Immunoprecipitation and subsequent isolation of nucleic acids allows for the investigation of protein:nucleic acid interactions. RNA-binding protein immunoprecipitation (RIP) is used for the analysis of protein interactions with mRNA. Combining RIP with quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR) further enhances the RIP technique by allowing for the quantitative assessment of RNA-binding protein interactions with their target mRNAs, and how these interactions change in different cellular settings. Here, we describe the immunoprecipitation of the RNA-binding protein AUF1 with several different factors associated with the senescence-associated secretory phenotype (SASP) (Alspach and Stewart, 2013), specifically IL6 and IL8...
May 20, 2015: Bio-protocol
A Porciuncula, C Hajdu, G David
The role of senescence as a tumor suppressor is well established; however, recent evidence has revealed novel paracrine functions for senescent cells in relation to their microenvironment, most notably protumorigenic roles in certain contexts. Senescent cells are capable of altering the inflammatory microenvironment through the senescence-associated secretory phenotype, which could have important consequences for tumorigenesis. The role of senescent cells in a highly inflammatory cancer like pancreatic cancer is still largely undefined, apart from the fact that senescence abrogation increases tumorigenesis in vivo...
2016: Advances in Cancer Research
Rongfei Han, Shiying Huang, Yonghua Bao, Xin Liu, Xiaoyu Peng, Zhiguo Chen, Qian Wang, Jiaqi Wang, Qiuping Zhang, Tianfu Wang, Duo Zheng, Wancai Yang
Senescence, a terminal cell proliferation arrest that is caused by a variety of cellular stresses such as telomere erosion, DNA damage and oncogenic signaling, is classically considered a tumor defense barrier. However, the mechanism by which cancer cells overcome senescence is undetermined. In this study, the gene expression array data of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) was compared with paired normal tissues and showed that a cohort of genes, including proteinases, chemokines and inflammation factors, are upregulated in ESCC, which exhibits the senescence-associated secretory phenotype...
August 2016: Oncology Letters
Amaia Lujambio
Cellular senescence is an anti-proliferative program that restricts the propagation of cells subjected to different kinds of stress. Cellular senescence was initially described as a cell-autonomous tumor suppressor mechanism that triggers an irreversible cell cycle arrest that prevents the proliferation of damaged cells at risk of neoplastic transformation. However, discoveries during the last decade have established that senescent cells can also impact the surrounding tissue microenvironment and the neighboring cells in a non-cell-autonomous manner...
July 2016: BioEssays: News and Reviews in Molecular, Cellular and Developmental Biology
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"