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Tendon transfer foot

Xudong Miao, Yongping Wu, Huimin Tao, Disheng Yang, Lu Huang
BACKGROUND: Transfer of a flexor hallucis longus (FHL) tendon can not only reconstruct the Achilles tendon but also provide ischemic tendinous tissues with a rich blood supply to enhance wound healing. This retrospective study aims to investigate clinical outcomes in patients who underwent repair of Kuwada grade IV chronic Achilles tendon rupture with long hallucis longus tendons harvested using a minimally invasive technique. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 35 patients who were treated for Kuwada grade IV Achilles tendon injuries from July 2006 to June 2011 were included in this retrospective study...
September 2016: Indian Journal of Orthopaedics
F G Usuelli, C A Di Silvestri, R D'Ambrosi, C Maccario, E W Tan
PURPOSE: Medial displacement calcaneal osteotomy with flexor digitorum longus transfer is a common treatment for the management of the adult flatfoot associated with posterior tibial tendon dysfunction. In the literature, there is a paucity of information regarding the ability of patients to return to sport and recreational activities after this surgical procedure. The purpose of this retrospective clinical study was to assess the rate and type of athletic activities that patients participated in before and after medial displacement calcaneal osteotomy with flexor digitorum longus transfer...
October 15, 2016: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
Travis J Dekker, Yash Avashia, Suhail K Mithani, Andrew P Matson, Alexander J Lampley, Samuel B Adams
: Introduction Achilles tendon and posterior heel wound complications are difficult to treat. These typically require soft tissue coverage via microvascular free tissue transfer at a tertiary referral center. Here, we describe coverage of a series of posterior heel and Achilles wounds via simple, local tissue transfer, called a bipedicle fasciocutaneous flap. This flap can be performed by an orthopaedic foot and ankle surgeon, without resources of tertiary/specialized care or microvascular support...
September 23, 2016: Foot & Ankle Specialist
Troy J Boffeli, Steven R Smith, Kyle W Abben
Nonhealing wounds along the fifth metatarsal associated with neuropathy and bone deformity frequently become complicated with osteomyelitis. Our surgical technique for complete fifth ray amputation with peroneal tendon transfer has been previously published. The present study evaluated the outcomes regarding success with initial healing and intermediate-term limb survival after this procedure, which is intended to resolve infection, remove bone deformity, heal and prevent recurrence of lateral column wounds, and maintain functional stability of the foot...
September 1, 2016: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
C Radler, G T Mindler
Over the last 10 years the Ponseti method has become established as the gold standard for initial treatment of clubfeet nearly worldwide. Nevertheless, there are considerable fluctuations regarding the authenticity and quality in the application of the Ponseti method. Especially the efforts to ensure and promote compliance with the foot abduction brace and subsequently the recurrence rate show great variation. As a result, we are still faced with a significant number of recurrent or residual clubfeet. In recent years it has been shown in high-volume clinics that even these can almost always be successfully treated with recasting and with minor interventions, such as anterior tibial tendon transfer and lengthening of the Achilles tendon...
October 2016: Der Orthopäde
Cynthia A Luu, Ethan Larson, Timothy M Rankin, Jennifer L Pappalardo, Marvin J Slepian, David G Armstrong
We report on the use of free fat grafting as a means of redistributing normal and shear stress after healing of plantar diabetic foot wounds. Although fat augmentation (lipofilling) has been described previously as an approach to supplement defects and prevent atrophy, including use as an adjunct to wound healing and to mitigate pain in the foot, we are unaware of any reports in the medical literature that have described its use in the high-risk diabetic foot in remission. An active 37-year-old man with type 2 diabetes and neuropathy presented with gangrene of his fifth ray, which was amputated...
July 2016: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Global Open
W Wenz, L Döderlein
OBJECTIVES: Change of function of the rectus femoris through medial transfer of its distal tendon. This procedure transforms a hip flexor and knee extensor into a hip and knee flexor. Thus the muscle acts as a hip flexor during the terminal stance phase and swing phase and as a knee flexor during the swing phase. This permits the foot to clear the ground and to improve the spastic gait. INDICATIONS: Functional sequelae of a simultaneous spasticity of knee flexors and extensors causing a stiff gait...
September 1999: Operative Orthopädie und Traumatologie
Jolita Gintautienė, Emilis Čekanauskas, Vidmantas Barauskas, Rimantas Žalinkevičius
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to compare functional and radiological outcomes in clubfoot patients treated by early Tibialis anterior tendon transfer and Ponseti method. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A prospective, randomized study was conducted. A total of 39 children with a mean age of 17.05 days (55 clubfeet) were randomly allocated into one of two groups: first (conservative Ponseti method) group (n=28) or second (early tibialis anterior tendon transfer [TATT]) group (n=27)...
2016: Medicina
Manuel J Pellegrini, Richard R Glisson, Takumi Matsumoto, Adam Schiff, Lior Laver, Mark E Easley, James A Nunley
BACKGROUND: Irreparable peroneus brevis tendon tears are uncommon, and there is scant evidence on which to base operative treatment. Options include tendon transfer, segmental resection with tenodesis to the peroneus longus tendon, and allograft reconstruction. However, the relative effectiveness of the latter 2 procedures in restoring peroneus brevis function has not been established. METHODS: Custom-made strain gage-based tension transducers were implanted into the peroneus longus and brevis tendons near their distal insertions in 10 fresh-frozen cadaver feet...
August 2016: Foot & Ankle International
G Engels, H Stinus, D Hochlenert, A Klein
OBJECTIVE: Elimination of plantarization of the tip of the toe and torsion of digit 1 (D1) or D5 using percutaneous tenotomy of the flexor hallucis longus (FHL) - or the flexor digitorum longus (FDL) muscle. INDICATIONS: Flexible, in some cases also fixated hyperflexion misalignment and torsion misalignment of the distal phalanx of the toe with plantarization of physiologically non-loaded bearing parts of the toes in patients with diabetic foot syndrome (neuropathy)...
October 2016: Operative Orthopädie und Traumatologie
T H Lui
The mechanical integrity of the medial longitudinal arch depends on the dynamic support of muscles and the static support of ligaments. Although the posterior tibial tendon is the main dynamic stabilizer of the arch, the static structures provide the most support especially while the person is standing. After rupture of the posterior tibial tendon, the spring ligament may be compromised under increased stress and leads to talar derotation and peritalar subluxation. Surgical repair of the spring ligament has become an important adjunct to treating posterior tibial tendon abnormalities...
June 2016: Foot
Jamal Ahmad, Kennis Jones, Steven M Raikin
UNLABELLED: Background When Achilles tendon ruptures become chronic, a defect often forms at the rupture site. There is scant literature regarding the treatment of chronic Achilles ruptures with defects of 6 cm or larger. We examined outcomes from combining a turndown of the proximal, central Achilles with a flexor hallucis longus (FHL) tendon transfer to treat this condition. Materials Between September 2002 and December 2013, 32 patients presented with a chronic Achilles rupture and a defect of 6 cm or more...
October 2016: Foot & Ankle Specialist
Nelson Pelozo Gomes Júnior, Carlos Vicente Andreoli, Alberto de Castro Pochini, Fernando Cipolini Raduan, Benno Ejnisman, Moisés Cohen
The presence of accessory tendons in the foot and ankle needs to be recognized, given that depending on their location, they may cause disorders relating either to pain processes or to handling of the surgical findings. We describe the presence of an accessory flexor tendon of the toes, seen in surgical exposure for transferring the long flexor tendon of the hallux to the calcaneus, due to the presence of a disorder of tendinopathy of the insertion of the calcaneal tendon in association with Haglund's syndrome...
January 2016: Revista Brasileira de Ortopedia
Jeffrey D Seybold, John T Campbell, Clifford L Jeng, Kelly W Short, Mark S Myerson
BACKGROUND: Concomitant tears of the peroneus longus and brevis tendons are rare injuries, with literature limited to case reports and small patient series. Only 1 recent study directly compared the results of single-stage lateral deep flexor transfer, and no previous series objectively evaluated power and balance following transfer. The purpose of this study was to evaluate clinical outcomes, patient satisfaction, and objective power and balance data following single-stage flexor hallucis longus (FHL) and flexor digitorum longus (FDL) tendon transfers for treatment of concomitant peroneus longus and brevis tears...
June 2016: Foot & Ankle International
Derek S Stenquist, Tyler A Gonzalez, Frances A Tepolt, Dennis E Kramer, Mininder S Kocher
BACKGROUND: Peroneal tendon subluxation is an uncommon cause of lateral ankle pain and instability but can be disabling for some young patients. Surgical management may be required to restore function for patients who fail nonoperative management. The purpose of this study was to determine the functional outcomes after surgical management of peroneal tendon subluxation in pediatric and adolescent patients. METHODS: A retrospective review of patients presenting to our institution over a 10-year period yielded 18 cases of recurrent subluxation refractory to nonoperative management in 14 children or young adults (mean age 15...
February 10, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
Mohsen Movahedi Yeganeh
BACKGROUND: Anterior transfer of posterior tibial tendon (PTT) is the most common technique to correct foot drop in patients with common peroneal nerve palsy. It does not address the loss of toe extension or "toe drop." This may affect the gait pattern, and patients may not tolerate it. Described here is a technique that addresses toe drop associated with common peroneal nerve palsy. METHOD: A new technique of tendon transfer using the PTT, flexor hallucis longus (FHL) tendon, and flexor digitorum longus (FDL) tendon was performed on 15 patients (13 males and 2 females) with complete common peroneal nerve palsy from 2009 to 2013...
June 2016: Foot & Ankle International
Brian C Werner, Grant E Norte, Michael M Hadeed, Joseph S Park, Mark D Miller, Joseph M Hart
OBJECTIVE: To objectively compare outcomes of nonoperative management and posterior tibial tendon (PTT) transfer for peroneal nerve injury due to multiligament knee injury (MLI). DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study with prospective follow-up. SETTING: Tertiary care institution. PATIENTS: Ten patients with peroneal nerve injury due to MLI (5 managed nonoperatively, 5 with PTT transfer) were evaluated and a control group of 4 patients without peroneal nerve injury...
January 19, 2016: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
Stefan Rammelt, Hans Zwipp
Compartment syndrome at the lower extremity, if overlooked or treated inadequately in polytraumatized and multiply injured patients, regularly leads to progressive foot deformities and severe loss of function in the affected patients. The sequelae of compartment syndrome directly result from muscle contracture, necrosis and scarring and are further affected over time by gravity and posture (especially the sleeping position with the foot in equinus and inversion). While overlooked compartment syndrome of the lower leg leads to deformities of the whole foot, most frequently equinovarus, compartment syndrome of the foot results in painful toe deformities, mostly hammer or claw toes...
June 2008: European Journal of Trauma and Emergency Surgery: Official Publication of the European Trauma Society
Kota Watanabe
The orthopedic manifestations in patients with Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease include deformity and dysfunction of the extremities and spine. Conservative treatment is the first choice. Orthosis and rehabilitation can improve function, and are important for the prevention of joint contractures. Foot problems are most commonly observed and require surgical treatment. Foot deformities include pes cavus, cavovarus, claw toes, or drop foot. Single or combined surgeries selected for soft tissues are plantar release, tendon transfer, or Achilles tendon lengthening, and those for bones are osteotomies and joint fusions...
January 2016: Brain and Nerve, Shinkei Kenkyū No Shinpo
Alex Burton, Umur Aydogan
BACKGROUND: Tibialis anterior tendon (TAT) rupture is an uncommon injury, however, it can cause substantial deficit. Diagnosis is often delayed due to lack of initial symptoms; yet loss of function over time typically causes the patient to present for treatment. This delay usually ends up with major defects creating a great technical challenge for the operating surgeon. We present a novel technique and operative algorithm for the management of chronic TAT ruptures with a major gap after a delayed diagnosis not otherwise correctable with currently described techniques in the literature...
August 2016: Foot & Ankle Specialist
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