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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142445/a-study-of-controlled-ovarian-stimulation-with-clomiphene-citrate-or-letrozole-in-combination-with-gonadotropins-and-iui-in-unexplained-infertility
#1
Madhusmita Hembram, Ratna Biswas, Anju Jain
Aim: To compare the effect of clomiphene citrate (CC) + human menopausal gonadotropin (hMG) with letrozole + hMG on size, number of follicles, endometrial thickness, serum levels of oestradiol and progesterone and pregnancy rate. Settings and Design: Non-randomised interventional study. Patients and Methods: A total number of 60 patients in the age group of 20-35 years with unexplained infertility were divided into two groups, 30 in each. Group A received CC + hMG and group B received letrozole + hMG...
July 2017: Journal of Human Reproductive Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114074/glutamatergic-transmission-to-hypothalamic-kisspeptin-neurons-is-differentially-regulated-by-estradiol-through-estrogen-receptor-%C3%AE-in-adult-female-mice
#2
Luhong Wang, Laura L Burger, Megan L Greenwald-Yarnell, Martin G Myers, Suzanne M Moenter
Estradiol feedback regulates gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) neurons and subsequent luteinizing hormone (LH) release. Estradiol acts through estrogen receptor α (ERα)-expressing afferents of GnRH neurons including kisspeptin neurons in the anteroventral periventricular (AVPV) and arcuate nuclei, providing homeostatic feedback on episodic GnRH/LH release as well as positive feedback to control ovulation. Ionotropic glutamate receptors are important for estradiol feedback but it is not known where they fit in the circuitry...
November 7, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098117/human-chorionic-gonadotropin-mediated-generation-of-reactive-oxygen-species-is-sufficient-to-induce-meiotic-exit-but-not-apoptosis-in-rat-oocytes
#3
Meenakshi Tiwari, Shail K Chaube
Generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) is associated with final stages of follicular development and ovulation in mammals. The human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) mimics the action of luteinizing hormone and triggers follicular development and ovulation. However, it remains unclear whether hCG induces generation of ROS, if yes, whether hCG-mediated increased level of ROS could induce meiotic exit and/or apoptosis in rat oocytes. For this purpose, cumulus-oocyte complexes (COCs) were collected from ovary of experimental rats injected with 20 IU pregnant mare's serum gonadotropin for 48 h followed by 20 IU hCG for 0, 7, 14, and 21 h...
2017: BioResearch Open Access
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29080908/gid1-expression-is-associated-with-ovule-development-of-sexual-and-apomictic-plants
#4
Luciana Gomes Ferreira, Diva Maria de Alencar Dusi, André Southernman Teixeira Irsigler, Ana Cristina Meneses Mendes Gomes, Marta Adelina Mendes, Lucia Colombo, Vera Tavares de Campos Carneiro
BbrizGID1 is expressed in the nucellus of apomictic Brachiaria brizantha, previous to aposporous initial differentiation. AtGID1a overexpression triggers differentiation of Arabidopsis thaliana MMC-like cells, suggesting its involvement in ovule development. GIBBERELLIN-INSENSITIVE DWARF1 (GID1) is a gibberellin receptor previously identified in plants and associated with reproductive development, including ovule formation. In this work, we characterized the Brachiaria brizantha GID1 gene (BbrizGID1). BbrizGID1 showed up to 92% similarity to GID1-like gibberellin receptors of other plants of the Poaceae family and around 58% to GID1-like gibberellin receptors of Arabidopsis thaliana...
October 28, 2017: Plant Cell Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038356/local-production-of-neurostradiol-affects-gonadotropin-releasing-hormone-gnrh-secretion-at-mid-gestation-in-lagostomus-maximus-rodentia-caviomorpha
#5
Santiago E Charif, Pablo I F Inserra, Alejandro R Schmidt, Noelia P Di Giorgio, Santiago A Cortasa, Candela R Gonzalez, Victoria Lux-Lantos, Julia Halperin, Alfredo Daniel Vitullo, Verónica B Dorfman
Females of the South American plains vizcacha, Lagostomus maximus, show peculiar reproductive features such as massive polyovulation up to 800 oocytes per estrous cycle and an ovulatory process around mid-gestation arising from the reactivation of the hypothalamic-hypophyseal-ovary (H.H.O.) axis. Estradiol (E2) regulates gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) expression. Biosynthesis of estrogens results from the aromatization of androgens by aromatase, which mainly occurs in the gonads, but has also been described in the hypothalamus...
October 2017: Physiological Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025011/significance-of-epidermal-growth-factor-receptor-signaling-for-acquisition-of-meiotic-and-developmental-competence-in-mammalian-oocytes
#6
Radek Prochazka, Milan Blaha, Lucie Nemcová
The surge in luteinizing hormone (LH) in preovulatory ovarian follicles triggers the resumption of oocyte meiosis accompanied by expansion of surrounding cumulus cells and ovulation of cumulus-oocyte complexes (COCs) into the oviduct. Over the last 15 years, substantial progress has been made in elucidating the key pathways by which the LH signal spreads within the preovulatory follicle and in identifying the molecules responsible for maintaining oocyte arrest and meiosis resumption. It is now clear that the adenylcyclase-mediated rise in intracellular cyclic adenosine monophosphate leads to activation of the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) network in granulosa and cumulus cells...
October 1, 2017: Biology of Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28993105/dual-trigger-of-final-oocyte-maturation-in-poor-ovarian-responders-undergoing-ivf-icsi-cycles
#7
Jie Zhang, Yun Wang, Xiaoyan Mao, Qiuju Chen, Qingqing Hong, Renfei Cai, Shaozhen Zhang, Yanping Kuang
Previous studies show that a dual trigger ovulation regimen significantly improves number and maturity of retrieved oocytes for normal ovarian responders or patients with history of low oocyte yield. The current retrospective cohort study investigated whether dual trigger of final oocyte maturation may benefit IVF outcomes for poor ovarian responders fulfilling the Bologna criteria. Undertaken between May 2014 and August 2016, the study involved 1350 patients undergoing 1389 IVF/intracytoplasmic sperm injection treatment cycles...
September 21, 2017: Reproductive Biomedicine Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992179/overexpression-of-the-class-d-mads-box-gene-sl-agl11-impacts-fleshy-tissue-differentiation-and-structure-in-tomato-fruits
#8
Baowen Huang, Jean-Marc Routaboul, Mingchun Liu, Wei Deng, Elie Maza, Isabelle Mila, Guojian Hu, Mohamed Zouine, Pierre Frasse, Julia T Vrebalov, James J Giovannoni, Zhengguo Li, Benoît van der Rest, Mondher Bouzayen
MADS-box transcription factors are key elements of the genetic networks controlling flower and fruit development. Among these, the class D clade gathers AGAMOUS-like genes which are involved in seed, ovule, and funiculus development. The tomato genome comprises two class D genes, Sl-AGL11 and Sl-MBP3, both displaying high expression levels in seeds and in central tissues of young fruits. The potential effects of Sl-AGL11 on fruit development were addressed through RNAi silencing and ectopic expression strategies...
October 13, 2017: Journal of Experimental Botany
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28985546/ovulation-induction-and-controlled-ovarian-stimulation-using-letrozole-gonadotropin-combination-a-single-center-retrospective-cohort-study
#9
Sushila Arya, Sanja Kupesic-Plavsic, Zuber D Mulla, Alok K Dwivedi, Zeni Crisp, Jisha Jose, Luis S Noble
OBJECTIVE: To assess the effect of letrozole in combination with low dose gonadotropins for ovulation induction in anovulatory infertility from polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) and controlled ovarian stimulation for endometriosis, and unexplained infertility patients. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study in a setting of private Reproductive Endocrinology and Infertility Clinic affiliated with the University. Three hundred couples (650 cycles) requiring OI/COS for PCOS (92 patients, 195 cycles), endometriosis (89 patients, 217 cycles), and unexplained infertility (119 patients, 238 cycles)...
November 2017: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28965551/modified-natural-cycle-in-in%C3%A2-vitro-fertilization
#10
REVIEW
Jacqueline R Ho, Richard J Paulson
The first live birth after IVF was achieved in a purely natural cycle. Because early attempts at IVF were associated with low efficiency, ovarian stimulation was added to achieve a greater margin for error in oocyte retrieval, fertilization, and thus, overall pregnancy success. As technology improved, the intuitive appeal of the natural cycle led investigators to once again attempt IVF without antecedent gonadotropin stimulation. Triggering of ovulation with hCG was added to allow for accurate scheduling of oocyte retrieval and thus increased oocyte yield...
October 2017: Fertility and Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28965278/the-value-of-delaying-hcg-administration-to-enable-maturation-of-medium-sized-follicles-in-patients-undergoing-superovulation-for-ivf-icsi
#11
Awoniyi O Awonuga, Karen Wheeler, Mili Thakur, Roohi Jeelani, Michael P Diamond, Elizabeth E Puscheck
PURPOSE: The purpose of the study is to determine whether continued stimulation of mature follicles to allow "catch up" growth of medium-sized follicles in assisted reproductive technology compromises the clinical pregnancy (CPR) and live birth (LBR) rates in IVF/ICSI cycles. METHODS: This retrospective cohort study reviewed 200 first IVF ± ICSI cycles out of a total of 340 cycles with complete data. Women underwent stimulation protocols with gonadotropins (Gn) and GnRH antagonist...
September 30, 2017: Journal of Assisted Reproduction and Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28960429/the-effects-of-low-dose-human-chorionic-gonadotropin-combined-with-human-menopausal-gonadotropin-protocol-on-women-with-hypogonadotropic-hypogonadism-undergoing-ovarian-stimulation-for-in-vitro-fertilization
#12
Shutian Jiang, Yanping Kuang
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the effects of low-dose human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) combined with human menopausal gonadotropin (HMG) protocol on cycle characteristics and outcomes of infertile women with hypogonadotropic hypogonadism (HH) undergoing ovarian stimulation for in vitro fertilization (IVF). DESIGN: A retrospective cohort study. SETTING: Tertiary-care academic medical centre. PATIENT(S): Forty-six infertile patients with HH and seventy-one infertile patients with tubal factor (TF) infertility undergoing IVF...
September 27, 2017: Clinical Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916209/towards-new-strategies-to-manage-livestock-reproduction-using-kisspeptin-analogs
#13
M Beltramo, C Decourt
The discovery of the hypothalamic neuropeptide kisspeptin and its receptor (KISS1R) have dramatically improved our knowledge about the central mechanisms controlling reproduction. Kisspeptin neurons could be considered the hub where internal and external information controlling reproduction converge. The information is here elaborated and the command dispatched to GnRH neurons, the final output of the brain system controlling reproduction. Several studies have shown that in mammals administration of kisspeptin could finely modulate many aspects of reproduction from puberty to ovulation...
September 12, 2017: Theriogenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904504/role-of-serpine-gene-polymorphism-in-recurrent-implantation-failure-and-preeclampsia
#14
Nidhi Sharma, Jayashree K Srinivasan, Margeret Harriet Priya, Venkatachalam Sibiya
This is a rare case of serpine gene polymorphism causing thrombophilia and recurrent implantation failure following intrauterine insemination. SERPINE1 gene encodes plasminogen activator inhibitor type 1 and inhibits fibrinolysis, or clot dissolution. The 4G variant results in increased expression of SERPINE1 and consequently higher inhibition of fibrinolysis, thus leading to thrombophilia. The patient had unexplained primary infertility for 9 years. Ovulation induction was done with gonadotropin releasing hormone (GnRH) agonist long protocol...
April 2017: Journal of Human Reproductive Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892263/regulation-of-germ-cell-development-by-intercellular-signaling-in-the-mammalian-ovarian-follicle
#15
REVIEW
Hugh J Clarke
Prior to ovulation, the mammalian oocyte undergoes a process of differentiation within the ovarian follicle that confers on it the ability to give rise to an embryo. Differentiation comprises two phases-growth, during which the oocyte increases more than 100-fold in volume as it accumulates macromolecules and organelles that will sustain early embryogenesis; and meiotic maturation, during which the oocyte executes the first meiotic division and prepares for the second division. Entry of an oocyte into the growth phase appears to be triggered when the adjacent granulosa cells produce specific growth factors...
September 11, 2017: Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews. Developmental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28887482/preliminary-evidence-of-olfactory-signals-of-women-s-fertility-increasing-social-avoidance-behavior-towards-women-in-pair-bonded-men
#16
Chen Oren, Simone G Shamay-Tsoory
Previous studies suggest that women's body odor is perceived as more attractive during ovulation and that exposure to women's chemical signals of high fertility leads to increased mating motivation. Given that pair-bonded men react differently than single men to unfamiliar women, we investigated whether women's chemical signals of fertility influence approach behavior among pair-bonded and single men. In the first experiment, men performed the Comfortable Interpersonal Distance task while exposed to body odor samples from women who were ovulating and from the same women during their luteal phase...
September 8, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28870217/controlled-ovulation-of-the-dominant-follicle-using-progestin-in-minimal-stimulation-in-poor-responders
#17
Qiuju Chen, Yun Wang, Lihua Sun, Shaozhen Zhang, Weiran Chai, Qingqing Hong, Hui Long, Li Wang, Qifeng Lyu, Yanping Kuang
BACKGROUND: The use of progestin (P) during ovarian stimulation is effective in blocking the luteinizing hormone (LH) surge in women with normal ovarian reserve, however, its effects have not been determined in poor responders. This study aimed to explore the follicular dynamics in P-primed minimal stimulation in poor responders. METHODS: A total of 204 infertile women with diminished ovarian reserve were allocated into the medroxyprogesterone acetate (MPA) group or the natural-cycle control group in an alternating order...
September 5, 2017: Reproductive Biology and Endocrinology: RB&E
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28860955/localization-of-serum-amyloid-a3-in-the-mouse-ovary
#18
Hyeongjwa Choi, Rosa Mistica C Ignacio, Eun-Sook Lee, Katherine F Roby, Paul F Terranova, Deok-Soo Son
Tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) induces serum amyloid A (SAA) 3 among acute-phase proteins in mouse granulosa cells by activating NF-κB signaling via p55 TNF-α receptor type 1. However, the localization of SAA3 within the ovary is unknown. Here we investigated ovarian localization of SAA3 in a mouse ovulation model and in response to IL-1β, a proinflammatory mediator. For the ovulation model, equine chorionic gonadotropin (eCG; 2.5 IU) was administered to mice subcutaneously (sc) to stimulate follicular development on day 25 of age and then 50 h after eCG, human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG; 2...
August 2017: Immune Network
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28840634/influence-of-luteinizing-hormone-support-on-granulosa-cells-transcriptome-in-cattle
#19
Anne-Laure Nivet, Christian Vigneault, Patrick Blondin, Marc-Andre Sirard
In cows, the use of follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) to stimulate follicular growth followed by a short period of FSH withdrawal has been shown to be beneficial for oocyte developmental competence. Although this treatment represents a useful optimization to generate highly competent oocytes, the underlying physiological process is not completely understood. The goal of this study was to investigate the role of luteinizing hormone (LH) action during FSH withdrawal before ovulation. To accomplish this, LH release was pharmacologically inhibited during the coasting period with gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) antagonists...
August 25, 2017: Animal Science Journal, Nihon Chikusan Gakkaihō
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28837025/comparison-of-two-different-dosage-of-gnrh-agonist-as-ovulation-trigger-in-oocyte-donors-a-randomized-controled-trial
#20
Sonia Morales Zarcos, Pamela Valdivieso Mejía, Carla Donado Stefani, Pascual Sánchez Martin, Fernando Sánchez Martin
OBJECTIVE: To compare the results obtained with two different GnRH agonist dosages: 0.3mg versus 0.4mg to trigger ovulation in oocyte donor cycles. METHODS: Experimental controlled randomized trial including 40 patients from a private practice center. The patients were randomized into two groups. Group A received a single dose of Triptorelin 0.3mg (Decapeptyl®) 36hours before pick-up. Group B patients received Triptorelin 0.4mg (Decapeptyl®) before pick-up to final oocyte maturation...
September 1, 2017: JBRA Assisted Reproduction
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