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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916209/towards-new-strategies-to-manage-livestock-reproduction-using-kisspeptin-analogs
#1
M Beltramo, C Decourt
The discovery of the hypothalamic neuropeptide kisspeptin and its receptor (KISS1R) have dramatically improved our knowledge about the central mechanisms controlling reproduction. Kisspeptin neurons could be considered the hub where internal and external information controlling reproduction converge. The information is here elaborated and the command dispatched to GnRH neurons, the final output of the brain system controlling reproduction. Several studies have shown that in mammals administration of kisspeptin could finely modulate many aspects of reproduction from puberty to ovulation...
September 12, 2017: Theriogenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904504/role-of-serpine-gene-polymorphism-in-recurrent-implantation-failure-and-preeclampsia
#2
Nidhi Sharma, Jayashree K Srinivasan, Margeret Harriet Priya, Venkatachalam Sibiya
This is a rare case of serpine gene polymorphism causing thrombophilia and recurrent implantation failure following intrauterine insemination. SERPINE1 gene encodes plasminogen activator inhibitor type 1 and inhibits fibrinolysis, or clot dissolution. The 4G variant results in increased expression of SERPINE1 and consequently higher inhibition of fibrinolysis, thus leading to thrombophilia. The patient had unexplained primary infertility for 9 years. Ovulation induction was done with gonadotropin releasing hormone (GnRH) agonist long protocol...
April 2017: Journal of Human Reproductive Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892263/regulation-of-germ-cell-development-by-intercellular-signaling-in-the-mammalian-ovarian-follicle
#3
REVIEW
Hugh J Clarke
Prior to ovulation, the mammalian oocyte undergoes a process of differentiation within the ovarian follicle that confers on it the ability to give rise to an embryo. Differentiation comprises two phases-growth, during which the oocyte increases more than 100-fold in volume as it accumulates macromolecules and organelles that will sustain early embryogenesis; and meiotic maturation, during which the oocyte executes the first meiotic division and prepares for the second division. Entry of an oocyte into the growth phase appears to be triggered when the adjacent granulosa cells produce specific growth factors...
September 11, 2017: Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews. Developmental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28887482/preliminary-evidence-of-olfactory-signals-of-women-s-fertility-increasing-social-avoidance-behavior-towards-women-in-pair-bonded-men
#4
Chen Oren, Simone G Shamay-Tsoory
Previous studies suggest that women's body odor is perceived as more attractive during ovulation and that exposure to women's chemical signals of high fertility leads to increased mating motivation. Given that pair-bonded men react differently than single men to unfamiliar women, we investigated whether women's chemical signals of fertility influence approach behavior among pair-bonded and single men. In the first experiment, men performed the Comfortable Interpersonal Distance task while exposed to body odor samples from women who were ovulating and from the same women during their luteal phase...
September 8, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28870217/controlled-ovulation-of-the-dominant-follicle-using-progestin-in-minimal-stimulation-in-poor-responders
#5
Qiuju Chen, Yun Wang, Lihua Sun, Shaozhen Zhang, Weiran Chai, Qingqing Hong, Hui Long, Li Wang, Qifeng Lyu, Yanping Kuang
BACKGROUND: The use of progestin (P) during ovarian stimulation is effective in blocking the luteinizing hormone (LH) surge in women with normal ovarian reserve, however, its effects have not been determined in poor responders. This study aimed to explore the follicular dynamics in P-primed minimal stimulation in poor responders. METHODS: A total of 204 infertile women with diminished ovarian reserve were allocated into the medroxyprogesterone acetate (MPA) group or the natural-cycle control group in an alternating order...
September 5, 2017: Reproductive Biology and Endocrinology: RB&E
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28860955/localization-of-serum-amyloid-a3-in-the-mouse-ovary
#6
Hyeongjwa Choi, Rosa Mistica C Ignacio, Eun-Sook Lee, Katherine F Roby, Paul F Terranova, Deok-Soo Son
Tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) induces serum amyloid A (SAA) 3 among acute-phase proteins in mouse granulosa cells by activating NF-κB signaling via p55 TNF-α receptor type 1. However, the localization of SAA3 within the ovary is unknown. Here we investigated ovarian localization of SAA3 in a mouse ovulation model and in response to IL-1β, a proinflammatory mediator. For the ovulation model, equine chorionic gonadotropin (eCG; 2.5 IU) was administered to mice subcutaneously (sc) to stimulate follicular development on day 25 of age and then 50 h after eCG, human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG; 2...
August 2017: Immune Network
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28840634/influence-of-luteinizing-hormone-support-on-granulosa-cells-transcriptome-in-cattle
#7
Anne-Laure Nivet, Christian Vigneault, Patrick Blondin, Marc-Andre Sirard
In cows, the use of follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) to stimulate follicular growth followed by a short period of FSH withdrawal has been shown to be beneficial for oocyte developmental competence. Although this treatment represents a useful optimization to generate highly competent oocytes, the underlying physiological process is not completely understood. The goal of this study was to investigate the role of luteinizing hormone (LH) action during FSH withdrawal before ovulation. To accomplish this, LH release was pharmacologically inhibited during the coasting period with gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) antagonists...
August 25, 2017: Animal Science Journal, Nihon Chikusan Gakkaihō
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28837025/comparison-of-two-different-dosage-of-gnrh-agonist-as-ovulation-trigger-in-oocyte-donors-a-randomized-controled-trial
#8
Sonia Morales Zarcos, Pamela Valdivieso Mejía, Carla Donado Stefani, Pascual Sánchez Martin, Fernando Sánchez Martin
OBJECTIVE: To compare the results obtained with two different GnRH agonist dosages: 0.3mg versus 0.4mg to trigger ovulation in oocyte donor cycles. METHODS: Experimental controlled randomized trial including 40 patients from a private practice center. The patients were randomized into two groups. Group A received a single dose of Triptorelin 0.3mg (Decapeptyl®) 36hours before pick-up. Group B patients received Triptorelin 0.4mg (Decapeptyl®) before pick-up to final oocyte maturation...
September 1, 2017: JBRA Assisted Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815566/maturation-promoting-factor-destabilization-mediates-human-chorionic-gonadotropin-induced-meiotic-resumption-in-rat-oocytes
#9
Meenakshi Tiwari, Shail K Chaube
Human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) mimics the action of luteinizing hormone (LH) and triggers meiotic maturation and ovulation in mammals. The mechanism by which hCG triggers meiotic resumption in mammalian oocytes remains poorly understood. We aimed to find out the impact of hCG surge on morphological changes, adenosine 3',5'-cyclic monophosphate (cAMP), guanosine 3',5'-cyclic monophosphate (cGMP), cell division cycle 25B (Cdc25B), Wee1, early mitotic inhibitor 2 (Emi2), anaphase-promoting complex/cyclosome (APC/C), meiotic arrest deficient protein 2 (MAD2), phosphorylation status of cyclin-dependent kinase 1 (Cdk1), its activity and cyclin B1 expression levels during meiotic resumption from diplotene as well as metaphase-II (M-II) arrest in cumulus oocyte complexes (COCs)...
September 2017: Development, Growth & Differentiation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795043/the-use-of-gonadotropin-releasing-hormone-antagonist-post-ovulation-trigger-in-ovarian-hyperstimulation-syndrome
#10
REVIEW
Neil Chappell, William E Gibbons
The purpose of this paper is to assimilate all data pertaining to the use of gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) antagonists in in vitro fertilization cycles after ovulation trigger to reduce the symptoms of ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS). A systematic review of the literature was performed to identify all studies performed on the use of a GnRH antagonist in IVF cycle post-ovulation trigger with patients at high risk for OHSS. Ten studies were identified and reviewed. Descriptions of the studies and their individual results are presented in the following manuscript...
June 2017: Clinical and Experimental Reproductive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771718/effect-of-follicular-diameter-at-the-time-of-ovulation-triggering-on-pregnancy-outcomes-during-intrauterine-insemination
#11
Mohammad A Maher, Ahmed Abdelaziz, Yasser A Shehata
OBJECTIVE: To compare pregnancy outcomes when triggering ovulation at different follicle sizes during intrauterine insemination (IUI) cycles. METHODS: A prospective observational study was undertaken at two collaborative fertility centers in Saudi Arabia between January 2014 and May 2016. Women of any age were enrolled if they met inclusion criteria: primary, secondary, or unexplained infertility (≥1 year); day-2 follicle-stimulating hormone less than 12 IU/mL; normal prolactin, thyroid function, and uterine cavity; at least one patent tube; and a male partner with normal semen count and motility...
August 3, 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742191/high-progesterone-levels-during-the-luteal-phase-related-to-the-use-of-an-aromatase-inhibitor-in-breast-cancer-patients
#12
C Alviggi, R Marci, R Vallone, A Conforti, F Di Rella, I Strina, S Picarelli, P De Rosa, M De Laurentiis, C Yding Andersen, G De Placido
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the hormonal profile in three breast cancer patients who underwent controlled ovarian stimulation in the presence of the aromatase inhibitor letrozole. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In IVF University referral center, a case series of three breast cancer patients who underwent controlled ovarian stimulation (COS) with recombinant FSH and letrozole were investigated. Ovulation was induced with hCG (case No. 1) or with GnRH agonist (case No. 2-3). The primary outcome of our study was the detection of progesterone levels in the luteal phase...
July 2017: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713816/effect-of-the-camelid-s-seminal-plasma-ovulation-inducing-factor-%C3%AE-ngf-a-kisspeptin-target-hypothesis
#13
REVIEW
Khalid El Allali, Najlae El Bousmaki, Hassan Ainani, Valérie Simonneaux
Female mammals are classified into spontaneous and induced ovulators based on the mechanism eliciting ovulation. Ovulation in spontaneous species (e.g., human, sheep, cattle, horse, pigs, and most rodents) occurs at regular intervals and depends upon the circulating estradiol. However, in induced ovulators (e.g., rabbits, ferrets, cats, and camelids), ovulation is associated with coitus. In the later, various factors have been proposed to trigger ovulation, including auditory, visual, olfactory, and mechanic stimuli...
2017: Frontiers in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675921/cycle-regimens-for-frozen-thawed-embryo-transfer
#14
REVIEW
Tarek Ghobara, Tarek A Gelbaya, Reuben Olugbenga Ayeleke
BACKGROUND: Among subfertile couples undergoing assisted reproductive technology (ART), pregnancy rates following frozen-thawed embryo transfer (FET) treatment cycles have historically been found to be lower than following embryo transfer undertaken two to five days following oocyte retrieval. Nevertheless, FET increases the cumulative pregnancy rate, reduces cost, is relatively simple to undertake and can be accomplished in a shorter time period than repeated in vitro fertilisation (IVF) or intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) cycles with fresh embryo transfer...
July 5, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635413/the-high-responder-a-review-of-pathophysiology-and-outcomes-during-ivf-treatment
#15
Mariano Mascarenhas, Adam H Balen
This review attempts to summarize the known literature on high responders to ovarian stimulation during assisted reproductive techniques (ART). Response to gonadotrophins is subject to significant interindividual and intercycle variation, thus carrying a risk of high response or poor response to ovarian stimulation regimens. The main risk for high responders is the development of ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS) which is associated with significant morbidity. Hence, the definition of high responders in the literature has primarily focussed on risk factors for OHSS...
September 2017: Human Fertility: Journal of the British Fertility Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627314/thicker-endometrial-linings-are-associated-with-better-ivf-outcomes-a-cohort-of-6331-women
#16
Emily C Holden, Laura E Dodge, Rita Sneeringer, Vasiliki A Moragianni, Alan S Penzias, Michele R Hacker
Our objective was to determine if a correlation exists between endometrial thickness measured on the day of ovulation trigger during an in vitro fertilization (IVF) cycle and pregnancy outcomes among non-cancelled cycles. We performed a retrospective cohort study looking at 6331 women undergoing their first, fresh autologous IVF cycle from 1 May 2004 to 31 December 2012 at Boston IVF (Waltham, MA). Our primary outcome was the risk ratio (RR) of live birth and positive β-hCG. We found that thicker endometrial linings were associated with positive β-hCG and live birth rates...
June 18, 2017: Human Fertility: Journal of the British Fertility Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625761/impact-of-vitamin-d-levels-on-ovarian-reserve-and-ovarian-response-to-ovarian-stimulation-in-oocyte-donors
#17
Alberta Maria Fabris, Maria Cruz, Carlos Iglesias, Alberto Pacheco, Azadeh Patel, Jayesh Patel, Human Fatemi, Juan Antonio García-Velasco
Recently, growing interest in vitamin D has emerged from findings that demonstrate a low vitamin D status in populations. Similarly, much interest has been shown in the role that anti-Müllerian hormone (AMH) plays in reproductive physiology. Considerable confusion as to whether vitamin D status is related to ovarian function can be found in the literature. Our retrospective study was performed from June 2014 to April 2015. Oocyte donors were recruited and stimulated under the antagonist protocol with gonadotrophin-releasing hormone (GnRH) agonist to trigger ovulation...
May 19, 2017: Reproductive Biomedicine Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28613109/growth-of-the-arabidopsis-sub-epidermal-integument-cell-layers-might-require-an-endosperm-signal
#18
Elisa Fiume, Olivier Coen, Wenjia Xu, Loïc Lepiniec, Enrico Magnani
The seed, the reproductive unit of angiosperms, is physically protected by the seed coat. The seed coat develops from the ovule integuments after fertilization. The Arabidopsis ovule integuments are made of 5-6 cell layers of epidermal and sub-epidermal origin. The growth of the epidermal integument cell layers responds to an endosperm signal mediated by the AGAMOUS-LIKE 62 MADS box transcription factor with limited embryo contribution. By contrast, the sub-epidermal integument cell layers require the embryo to expand whereas the role of the endosperm is still unclear...
June 14, 2017: Plant Signaling & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596003/empty-follicle-syndrome-revisited-definition-incidence-aetiology-early-diagnosis-and-treatment
#19
REVIEW
Alberto Revelli, Andrea Carosso, Giuseppina Grassi, Gianluca Gennarelli, Stefano Canosa, Chiara Benedetto
In this review, the definition, incidence and possible causes of empty follicle syndrome (EFS), including molecular mechanisms that may underlie the syndrome, are discussed, along with prevention and treatment options. EFS is the complete failure to retrieve oocytes after ovarian stimulation, despite apparently normal follicle development and adequate follicular steroidogenesis. Two variants of EFS have been described: the 'genuine' form (gEFS), which occurs in the presence of adequate circulating HCG levels at the time of oocyte aspiration, and the 'false' form (f-EFS), which is associated with circulating HCG below a critical threshold...
August 2017: Reproductive Biomedicine Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578436/gonadotropin-releasing-hormone-agonist-triggering-with-concomitant-administration-of-low-doses-of-human-chorionic-gonadotropin-or-a-freeze-all-strategy-in-high-responders
#20
Meric Karacan, Erkan Erdem, Akin Usta, Ayse Arvas, Ziya Cebi, Teksen Camlibel
To compare the live birth rates and moderate/severe ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS) rates of 2 different approaches using gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) agonist triggering in high responder women. Methods: A retrospective cohort study was performed to evaluate intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) and embryo transfer (ET) outcomes in high responder women who underwent ovulation induction with a GnRH antagonist protocol between April 2011 and March 2015. In group 1 (n=74), GnRH agonist was used for ovulation triggering with the concomitant use of 1500 IU of urinary human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) immediately after oocyte retrieval followed by fresh ET and standard luteal support...
June 2017: Saudi Medical Journal
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