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ovulation trigger

Yan-Guang Wu, David H Barad, Vitaly A Kushnir, Qi Wang, Lin Zhang, Sarah K Darmon, David F Albertini, Norbert Gleicher
BACKGROUND: Highly Individualized Egg Retrieval (HIER), defined as age-specific early oocyte retrieval (ER), has been demonstrated to avoid premature luteinization in women ≥43. We here investigated whether HIER also applies to younger women with premature ovarian aging (POA), and what best lead follicle size should be for administration of ovulation-triggers. METHODS: Fifty-six women ≥43, and 37 POA patients underwent IVF cycles. Granulosa cells (GCs) were isolated, cultures were established, RNA was extracted and real-time PCR analyses performed, with gene expressions at mRNA level investigated for FSH receptor (FSHR), luteinizing hormone receptor (LHCPR), P450 aromatase (CYP19a1) and progesterone receptor (PGR)...
March 16, 2018: Journal of Ovarian Research
Zeev Blumenfeld
The ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS) is an iatrogenic syndrome, which may, infrequently, become severe and evenly fatal. Until the last decade, the worldwide popularity of assisted reproductive technology (ART) and ovulation induction/controlled ovarian hyperstimulation employed in ART for either in vivo fertilization or in vitro fertilization, in the last two decades, has been accompanied by an increase in the cases of OHSS. In the last decade, the substitution of the human chorionic gonadotropin trigger with the gonadotropin-releasing hormone agonist trigger has decreased the incidence of this syndrome but did not eliminate it completely...
2018: Vitamins and Hormones
Carlos Eduardo Pereira Nunes, Pietro Kiyoshi Maruyama, Marianne Azevedo-Silva, Marlies Sazima
Nursery pollination involves pollinators that lay eggs on the flowers they pollinate and have their brood fed on flower parts or developing ovules [1-4]. Active pollination, a ritualistic behavioral sequence shown by nursery pollinators when transferring pollen from anthers to stigmas, is known in only four plant lineages [5-8], including the classical examples of fig trees-fig wasps and yuccas-yucca moths [5, 6]. We report in detail a system in which weevils actively pollinate orchids prior to having their larvae fed on the developing fruits...
March 1, 2018: Current Biology: CB
Thor Haahr, Sandro C Esteves, Peter Humaidan
Controlled ovarian stimulation with subsequent multi-follicular development continues to be a keystone in ART. Evidence supports an individualized approach to ovarian stimulation, usually involving combinations of ovarian reserve tests, body mass index and age to tailor the exogenous gonadotropin dose, and potentially adjuvant treatment aiming for high safety and a shortening of time to live birth. While stimulation and trigger concepts have been developed successfully in normo- and hyperresponder patients, the poor responder patient remains difficult to manage...
March 9, 2018: Reproductive Biology and Endocrinology: RB&E
A Racca, S Santos-Ribeiro, N De Munck, S Mackens, P Drakopoulos, M Camus, G Verheyen, H Tournaye, C Blockeel
STUDY QUESTION: Is elevated late-follicular phase progesterone (EP) associated with a deleterious impact on embryo quality (EQ) and cumulative live birth rates (LBRs)? SUMMARY ANSWER: EP was associated with a decrease in embryo utilization and cumulative LBRs. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Ovarian stimulation promotes the production of progesterone (P) which adversely affects IVF pregnancy outcomes. However, evidence regarding a potential association between EP an EQ is lacking...
February 22, 2018: Human Reproduction
Ronit Beck-Fruchter, Israel Gavish, Shira Baram, Yoel Geslevich, Amir Weiss
OBJECTIVE: Thromboelastography (TEG) is a viscoelastic test of hemostasis which allows measurement of the processes of clot initiation, propagation, stabilization, and dissolution in real time. In this study we aimed to evaluate the alterations in coagulation as measured by TEG during In Vitro Fertilization (IVF) stimulation cycles and to investigate whether final oocyte maturation with recombinant hCG (rhCG) versus GnRH agonist results in a different coagulation state. STUDY DESIGN: This is a prospective observational study which included fifty-three normogonadotrophic women...
February 10, 2018: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
Margherita Maranesi, Linda Petrucci, Leonardo Leonardi, Federica Piro, Pilar García Rebollar, Pilar Millán, Paolo Cocci, Cecilia Vullo, Francesco Parillo, Arlindo Moura, Gabriela Gonzalez Mariscal, Cristiano Boiti, Massimo Zerani
To investigate the ovulatory mechanisms triggered by raw semen in rabbits, we examined the expression of nerve growth factor (NGF)-a supposed ovulation-inducing factor (OIF)-and cognate receptors in anterior pituitary, ovary, and cervix as well as plasma NGF and LH concentrations. Six does/group were: sham-inseminated with sterile saline (PBS), naturally mated (NM), inseminated with raw semen alone (RS) or after lumbar anesthesia (ARS) or treatment with COX inhibitors (CIRS). Immunohistochemistry revealed positive signals for NGF and receptors in all tissues...
February 9, 2018: Biology of Reproduction
Jawa Ashmita, Swarankar Vikas, Garg Swati
Background: Premature progesterone rise (PPR) has long been implicated as contributing to implantation failure. Despite the use of gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) analogues, subtle increases in serum progesterone ( P 4 ) levels beyond a threshold progesterone concentration were observed on the day of trigger in controlled ovarian hyperstimulation cycles. Aims: The purpose of the study was to evaluate the incidence of PPR on the day of trigger in conventional IVF/ICSI cycles and its impact on clinical pregnancy rate...
October 2017: Journal of Human Reproductive Sciences
Jie Qian, Yueyue Chen, Ying Hu, Yingtian Deng, Yang Liu, Gang Li, Wenxuan Zou, Jie Zhao
Replication factor C (RFC) is a conserved eukaryotic complex consisting of RFC1/2/3/4/5. It plays important roles in DNA replication and the cell cycle in yeast and fruit fly. However, it is not very clear how RFC subunits function in higher plants, except for the Arabidopsis (At) subunits AtRFC1 and AtRFC3. In this study, we investigated the functions of AtRFC4 and found that loss of function of AtRFC4 led to an early sporophyte lethality that initiated as early as the elongated zygote stage, all defective embryos arrested at the two- to four-cell embryo proper stage, and the endosperm possessed six to eight free nuclei...
February 6, 2018: Plant Journal: for Cell and Molecular Biology
Matthew R Meiselman, Timothy G Kingan, Michael E Adams
BACKGROUND: Environmental stressors induce changes in endocrine state, leading to energy re-allocation from reproduction to survival. Female Drosophila melanogaster respond to thermal and nutrient stressors by arresting egg production through elevation of the steroid hormone ecdysone. However, the mechanisms through which this reproductive arrest occurs are not well understood. RESULTS: Here we report that stress-induced elevation of ecdysone is accompanied by decreased levels of ecdysis triggering hormone (ETH)...
January 30, 2018: BMC Biology
Vincent Hellier, Olivier Brock, Michael Candlish, Elodie Desroziers, Mari Aoki, Christian Mayer, Richard Piet, Allan Herbison, William Henry Colledge, Vincent Prévot, Ulrich Boehm, Julie Bakker
Sexual behavior is essential for the survival of many species. In female rodents, mate preference and copulatory behavior depend on pheromones and are synchronized with ovulation to ensure reproductive success. The neural circuits driving this orchestration in the brain have, however, remained elusive. Here, we demonstrate that neurons controlling ovulation in the mammalian brain are at the core of a branching neural circuit governing both mate preference and copulatory behavior. We show that male odors detected in the vomeronasal organ activate kisspeptin neurons in female mice...
January 26, 2018: Nature Communications
Yan Cao, Ming Shen, Yi Jiang, Shao-Chen Sun, Hong-Lin Liu
Oxidative stress-induced granulosa cell (GCs) injury is believed a common trigger for follicular atresia. Emerging evidence indicates that excessive autophagy occurs in mammalian cells with oxidative damage. N-acetyl-5-methoxytrypamine (Melatonin) has been shown to prevent GCs from oxidative injury, although the exact mechanism remains to be elucidated. Here we first demonstrated that the suppression of autophagy through the JNK/BCL-2/BECN1 signaling is engaged in melatonin-mediated GCs protection against oxidative damage...
January 23, 2018: Reproduction: the Official Journal of the Society for the Study of Fertility
Sean H White, Raymond M Sturgeon, Yueling Gu, Alysha Nensi, Neil S Magoski
Changes to neuronal activity often involve a rapid and precise transition from low to high excitability. In the marine snail, Aplysia, the bag cell neurons control reproduction by undergoing an afterdischarge, which begins with synaptic input releasing acetylcholine to open an ionotropic cholinergic receptor. Gating of this receptor causes depolarization and a shift from silence to continuous action potential firing, leading to the neuroendocrine secretion of egg-laying hormone and ovulation. At the onset of the afterdischarge, there is a rise in intracellular Ca2+, followed by both protein kinase C (PKC) activation and tyrosine dephosphorylation...
January 3, 2018: Neuroscience
Ketan Shrestha, Adepeju Esther Onasanya, Iris Eisenberg, Noa Wigoda, Simcha Yagel, Ronit Yalu, Rina Meidan, Tal Imbar
Endothelin-2 (EDN2), expressed at a narrow window during the periovulatory period, critically affects ovulation and corpus luteum (CL) formation. LH (acting mainly via cAMP) and hypoxia are implicated in CL formation; therefore, we aimed to elucidate how these signals regulate EDN2 using human primary (hGLCs) and immortalized (SVOG) granulosa-lutein cells. The hypoxiamiR, microRNA-210 (miR-210) was identified as a new essential player in EDN2 expression. Hypoxia (either mimetic compound-CoCl2, or low O2) elevated hypoxia inducible factor 1A (HIF1A), miR-210, and EDN2...
January 4, 2018: Reproduction: the Official Journal of the Society for the Study of Fertility
Sha Yu, Hui Long, Hannah Ya-Ning Chang, Yali Liu, Hongyuan Gao, Jing Zhu, Xinxin Quan, Qifeng Lyu, Yanping Kuang, Ai Ai
STUDY QUESTION: Can dydrogesterone (DYG) be used as an alternative progestin in a progesterone primed ovarian stimulation (PPOS) protocol? SUMMARY ANSWER: DYG can be used as an appropriate alternative progestin in a PPOS protocol. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: PPOS is a new ovarian stimulation regimen based on a freeze-all strategy that uses progestin as an alternative to a GnRH analog for suppressing a premature LH surge during the follicular phase...
December 29, 2017: Human Reproduction
Hideyuki Ikenaga, Yudai Tanaka, Masahide Shiotani, Daniela Rogoff, Shin Shimizu, Osamu Ishihara, Yoshiaki Sato, Yoshiharu Morimoto, Aisaku Fukuda, Kohzo Aisaka, Koji Yoshida, Naoki Hayashi, Hirotsugu Oku, Yuji Abe, Atsushi Haruki, Motoharu Ishikawa, Takeshi Kuramoto
Aim: Outside of Japan, recombinant-human chorionic gonadotropin (r-hCG) is widely used for the induction of final follicular maturation and early luteinization in women undergoing ovulation induction; whereas in Japan, urine-derived hCG (u-hCG) is predominantly used. The primary objective of this study was to demonstrate the non-inferiority of r-hCG to u-hCG for ovulation induction, as assessed by the ovulation rate. Methods: This was an open-label, parallel-group, randomized, multicenter, phase III trial in Japanese women with anovulation or oligo-ovulation secondary to hypothalamic-pituitary dysfunction or polycystic ovary syndrome, undergoing ovulation induction with recombinant-human follicle-stimulating hormone...
January 2017: Reproductive Medicine and Biology
Ayse Seyhan, Bulent Urman, Engin Turkgeldi, Baris Ata
Whether endometriomas grow because of supraphysiological oestradiol levels attained during ovarian stimulation for assisted reproduction techniques is a concern. In this prospective study, 25 women with 28 endometriomas underwent three-dimensional ultrasound using sono-automated volume calculation software. Endometrioma volume was measured on the first day of gonadotrophin injection (V1) and the day of ovulation trigger (V2). Nine (36%) women were stimulated in a gonadotrophin releasing hormone antagonist protocol (GnRH), 13 (52%) in a long, and three (12%) in an ultra-long GnRH agonist protocol...
February 2018: Reproductive Biomedicine Online
Francisca Concha C, Teresa Sir P, Sergio E Recabarren, Francisco Pérez B
Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) is an endocrine and metabolic dysfunction, highly prevalent in women in their reproductive years. Hyperandrogenism, oligo-ovulation, polycystic ovarian morphology are the main features of this syndrome. PCOS is a genetic disorder with a multifactorial etiology and has a strong link with environmental components. It is frequently associated with obesity and insulin resistance. Recently, epigenetic mechanisms have been involved in the pathogenesis of PCOS. Several studies showed that methylation in DNA and miRNAs is altered in women with PCOS in blood, serum, adipose tissue, granulose cells and theca...
July 2017: Revista Médica de Chile
Wenkai Hui, Yuantong Yang, Guojiang Wu, Changcao Peng, Xiaoyang Chen, Mohamed Zaky Zayed
The seeds of Jatropha curcas contain a high percentage of biodiesel. However, low seed yield which was limited by its poor female flowers was a bottleneck for its utilization. Here, we compared the transcriptomic profiles of five different samples during floral sex differentiation stages using Illumina Hiseq 4000. Our results showed that hundreds of differentially expressed genes (DEGs) were detected in floral sex initiation period, but thousands of DEGs were involved in the stamens and ovules development process...
November 27, 2017: Scientific Reports
Robabeh Taheripanah, Marzieh Zamaniyan, Atefeh Moridi, Anahita Taheripanah, Narges Malih
Background: The purpose of triggering in ovulation induction is to induce the final maturation of oocytes and their release from the ovary for fertilization. Objective: The aim of the present study was to compare the effectiveness of gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) agonist and human chorionic gonadotropin (HCG) on the final maturation of oocytes and pregnancy rates in intrauterine insemination (IUI) cycles. Materials and Methods: In this randomized clinical trial, 110 infertile women who were selected for IUI entered the study...
June 2017: International Journal of Reproductive Biomedicine (Yazd, Iran)
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