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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27800118/manifesto-on-small-airway-involvement-and-management-in-asthma-and-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-an-interasma-global-asthma-association-gaa-and-world-allergy-organization-wao-document-endorsed-by-allergic-rhinitis-and-its-impact-on-asthma-aria-and-global
#1
F Braido, N Scichilone, F Lavorini, O S Usmani, L Dubuske, L P Boulet, R Mosges, C Nunes, M Sanchez-Borges, I J Ansotegui, M Ebisawa, F Levi-Schaffer, L J Rosenwasser, J Bousquet, T Zuberbier, G Walter Canonica, A Cruz, A Yanez, A Yorgancioglu, D Deleanu, G Rodrigo, J Berstein, K Ohta, P Vichyanond, R Pawankar, S N Gonzalez-Diaz, S Nakajima, T Slavyanskaya, A Fink-Wagner, C Baez Loyola, D Ryan, G Passalacqua, J Celedon, J C Ivancevich, K Dobashi, M Zernotti, M Akdis, S Benjaponpitak, S Bonini, W Burks, L Caraballo, Z Awad El-Sayed, S Fineman, P Greenberger, E Hossny, J A Ortega-Martell, H Saito, M Tang, L Zhang
Evidence that enables us to identify, assess, and access the small airways in asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) has led INTERASMA (Global Asthma Association) and WAO to take a position on the role of the small airways in these diseases. Starting from an extensive literature review, both organizations developed, discussed, and approved the manifesto, which was subsequently approved and endorsed by the chairs of ARIA and GA(2)LEN. The manifesto describes the evidence gathered to date and defines and proposes issues on small airway involvement and management in asthma and COPD with the aim of challenging assumptions, fostering commitment, and bringing about change...
2016: World Allergy Organization Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27169492/increased-subsequent-risk-of-erectile-dysfunction-among-middle-and-old-age-males-with-chronic-osteomyelitis-a-nationwide-population-based-cohort-study
#2
H-Y Wang, C-H Chao, C-L Lin, C-H Tseng, C-H Kao
Chronic inflammation may cause endothelial dysfunction and atherosclerosis, resulting in subsequent erectile dysfunction (ED). We examined the relationship between chronic osteomyelitis, which is a chronic inflammatory disease, and ED. A retrospective cohort study was conducted using data from the National Health Insurance Research Database. After excluding patients <40 years of age, 677 male patients newly diagnosed with chronic osteomyelitis (COM) from 1 January 2000 to 31 December 2011 were identified for the study...
July 2016: International Journal of Impotence Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27110364/comparison-of-oxygen-uptake-during-cycle-ergometry-with-and-without-functional-electrical-stimulation-in-patients-with-copd-protocol-for-a-randomised-single-blind-placebo-controlled-cross-over-trial
#3
Clément Medrinal, Guillaume Prieur, David Debeaumont, Aurora Robledo Quesada, Yann Combret, Jean Quieffin, Olivier Contal, Bouchra Lamia
INTRODUCTION: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) has systemic repercussions that can lead to peripheral muscle dysfunction. Muscle atrophy reduces aerobic capacity, greatly limiting activities of daily living and quality of life. Pulmonary rehabilitation is the gold standard treatment for these patients, however, patients may not be able to reach sufficient training intensities for benefits to occur. Technologies such as functional electrical stimulation (FES) are currently being adapted and tested to enhance exercise training...
2016: BMJ Open Respiratory Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27075841/enhancing-exercise-tolerance-and-physical-activity-in-copd-with-combined-pharmacological-and-non-pharmacological-interventions-physacto-randomised-placebo-controlled-study-design
#4
Thierry Troosters, Jean Bourbeau, François Maltais, Nancy Leidy, Damijan Erzen, Dorothy De Sousa, Lawrence Korducki, Alan Hamilton
INTRODUCTION: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is associated with exercise limitation and physical inactivity, which are believed to have significant long-term negative health consequences for patients. While a number of COPD treatments and exercise training programmes increase exercise capacity, there is limited evidence for their effects on physical activity levels, with no clear association between exercise capacity and physical activity in clinical trials. Physical activity depends on a number of behaviour, environmental and physiological factors...
April 13, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27044576/behaviour-change-intervention-in-a-multicentre-randomised-placebo-controlled-copd-study-methodological-considerations-and-implementation
#5
Jean Bourbeau, Kim L Lavoie, Maria Sedeno, Dorothy De Sousa, Damijan Erzen, Alan Hamilton, François Maltais, Thierry Troosters, Nancy Leidy
INTRODUCTION: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease is generally progressive and associated with reduced physical activity. Both pharmacological therapy and exercise training can improve exercise capacity; however, these are often not sufficient to change the amount of daily physical activity a patient undertakes. Behaviour-change self-management programmes are designed to address this, including setting motivational goals and providing social support. We present and discuss the necessary methodological considerations when integrating behaviour-change interventions into a multicentre study...
April 4, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25945224/editors-note
#6
Ellen R Cohn, Jana Cason
The Fall 2014 issue of the International Journal of Telerehabilitation (IJT) contains original research that evaluates the role of teletherapy and online language exercises in the treatment of chronic aphasia; investigates whether improvements are maintained after in-home pulmonary telerehabilitation for patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease; and studies the use of in-home telerehabilitation for proximal humerus fractures. Within the context of two case studies, authors evaluated three service delivery models (direct, hybrid, and telepractice) for stuttering intervention...
2014: International Journal of Telerehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25848243/a-bibliometric-analysis-of-the-100-most-influential-papers-on-copd
#7
Wenchao Gu, Yaping Yuan, Hua Yang, Guangsheng Qi, Xiaoyan Jin, Jin Yan
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to identify the 100 top-cited articles published on chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and to analyze their characteristics so as to provide information on the achievement and development in COPD research over the past decades. METHODS AND MATERIALS: A comprehensive list of citation classics in COPD was generated by searching the Science Citation Index expanded database, using the keywords "COPD" or "chronic obstructive pulmonary disease" or "chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases"...
2015: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25334505/bronchocutaneous-fistula-as-a-rare-complication-of-tube-thoracostomy
#8
Yl Erica Leung, Samuel Lee
Pleural Disease Global Case ReportsSESSION TYPE: Global Case ReportPRESENTED ON: Tuesday, October 28, 2014 at 01:30 PM - 02:30 PMINTRODUCTION: Tube thoracostomy is a commonly performed procedure for the chest physician. We report a case of bronchocutaneous fistula (BCF) that developed as a result of tube thoracostomy to heighten awareness of this rare complication.CASE PRESENTATION: A 59 year-old male patient with a past history of severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease requiring long term oxygen therapy was admitted for sudden onset of shortness of breath...
October 1, 2014: Chest
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25168037/cardiovascular-and-neuropsychiatric-safety-of-varenicline-and-bupropion-compared-with-nicotine-replacement-therapy-for-smoking-cessation-study-protocol-of-a-retrospective-cohort-study-using-the-qresearch-general-practice-database
#9
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Daniel Kotz, Colin Simpson, Wolfgang Viechtbauer, Onno C P van Schayck, Robert West, Aziz Sheikh
INTRODUCTION: Cigarette smoking continues to be the leading cause of preventable death and is the main risk factor of major diseases such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). The best treatment to help smokers quit is a combination of behavioural support with pharmacotherapy. Varenicline is the newest drug on the market and has been shown to be effective in the general smoking population and in smokers with COPD. The safety profile of varenicline was initially established using standard approaches to pharmacovigilance, but postmarketing reports have raised concerns about a possible association between the use of varenicline and cardiovascular and neuropsychiatric events...
August 28, 2014: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25050176/bronchial-asthma-and-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-research-activity-in-arab-countries
#10
Waleed M Sweileh, Samah W Al-Jabi, Sa'ed H Zyoud, Ansam F Sawalha
BACKGROUND: Chronic respiratory diseases, like bronchial asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), are a worldwide health problem. Quantitative and qualitative assessment of asthma and COPD-related research from Arab countries has not been explored and there are few internationally published reports on such field. The main objectives of this study were to analyze research output originating from Arab countries in the field of bronchial asthma and COPD. METHODS: Original scientific articles or reviews published from the 22 Arab countries were screened using specific words pertaining to asthma and COPD using Scopus database and search engine...
2014: Multidisciplinary Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24589828/the-cognitive-pulmonary-disease-cognitive-pd-study-protocol-of-a-longitudinal-observational-comparative-study-on-neuropsychological-functioning-of-patients-with-copd
#11
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Fiona A H M Cleutjens, Emiel F M Wouters, Jeanette B Dijkstra, Martijn A Spruit, Frits M E Franssen, Lowie E G W Vanfleteren, Rudolf W H M Ponds, Daisy J A Janssen
INTRODUCTION: Intact cognitive functioning is necessary for patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) to understand the value of healthy lifestyle guidelines, to make informed decisions and subsequently act on it. Nevertheless, brain abnormalities and cognitive impairment have been found in patients with COPD. To date, it remains unknown which cognitive domains are affected and what the possible consequences are of cognitive impairment. Therefore, objectives of the study described are to determine neuropsychological functioning in patients with COPD, and its influence on health status, daily functioning and pulmonary rehabilitation outcome...
2014: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24105424/beclometasone-for-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#12
REVIEW
Daan A De Coster, Melvyn Jones, Nikita Thakrar
BACKGROUND: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a chronic obstructive lung condition, diagnosed in patients with dyspnoea, chronic cough or sputum production and/or a history of risk factor exposure, if their postbronchodilator forced expiratory lung volume in 1 second (FEV1)/forced vital lung capacity (FVC) ratio is less than 0.70, according to the international GOLD (Global Initiative for Obstructive Lung Disease) criteria.Inhaled corticosteroid (ICS) medications are now recommended for COPD only in combination treatment with long-acting beta2-agonists (LABAs), and only for patients of GOLD stage 3 and stage 4 severity, for both GOLD groups C and D...
2013: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22154095/factors-influencing-self-management-in-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-an-integrative-review
#13
REVIEW
R T Disler, R D Gallagher, P M Davidson
BACKGROUND: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease is a common, chronic and burdensome condition requiring the individual to engage in a range of self-management strategies. The capacity to engage in self-management is dependent on a range of internal (e.g., personal) and external (e.g., health service) factors. OBJECTIVES: This paper seeks to define self-management, identify the determinants which influence the individual's ability to cope and adjust to living with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease in the community, and identify implications for clinical practice and research...
February 2012: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/20525758/in-patients-coming-to-theatre-with-an-intra-aortic-balloon-pump-is-it-better-to-turn-it-off-or-keep-it-on-while-on-bypass
#14
REVIEW
Sharath R Hosmane, Alan George Dawson
A best evidence topic in cardiac surgery was written according to a structured protocol. The question addressed was 'In patients coming to theatre with an intra aortic balloon pump (IABP), is it better to turn it off or keep it on while on bypass?' Altogether 46 papers were found using the reported search, of which 11 represented the best evidence to answer the clinical question. Nine of them were randomised controlled trials (RCTs). The authors, journal, date and country of publication, patient group studied, study type, relevant outcomes and results of these papers are tabulated...
September 2010: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/19300482/a-genome-wide-association-study-in-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-copd-identification-of-two-major-susceptibility-loci
#15
Sreekumar G Pillai, Dongliang Ge, Guohua Zhu, Xiangyang Kong, Kevin V Shianna, Anna C Need, Sheng Feng, Craig P Hersh, Per Bakke, Amund Gulsvik, Andreas Ruppert, Karin C Lødrup Carlsen, Allen Roses, Wayne Anderson, Stephen I Rennard, David A Lomas, Edwin K Silverman, David B Goldstein
There is considerable variability in the susceptibility of smokers to develop chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). The only known genetic risk factor is severe deficiency of alpha(1)-antitrypsin, which is present in 1-2% of individuals with COPD. We conducted a genome-wide association study (GWAS) in a homogenous case-control cohort from Bergen, Norway (823 COPD cases and 810 smoking controls) and evaluated the top 100 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the family-based International COPD Genetics Network (ICGN; 1891 Caucasian individuals from 606 pedigrees) study...
March 2009: PLoS Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/17700905/health-information-systems-technology-and-acceptance-findings-from-the-section-on-health-information-systems
#16
O J Bott
OBJECTIVES: To summarize current outstanding research in the field of health information systems (HIS). METHOD: Synopsis of the articles selected for the IMIA Yearbook 2007. RESULTS: Five articles from three international peer reviewed journals were selected for the HIS section of the IMIA Yearbook 2007. They represent outstanding research on new user interfaces for mobile data entry, smart card based approaches for national eHealth projects, generic system architectures for telemedicine services, new approaches for electronic prescriptions based on ubiquitous computing, and telemedical systems for chronic care in COPD...
2007: Yearbook of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/17497089/-the-german-program-for-disease-management-guidelines-results-and-perspectives
#17
Günter Ollenschläger, Ina Kopp
The Program for National Disease Management Guidelines (German DM-CPG Program) is a joint initiative of the German Medical Association (umbrella organization of the German Chambers of Physicians), the Association of the Scientific Medical Societies (AWMF), and of the National Association of Statutory Health Insurance Physicians (NASHIP). The program aims at developing, implementing and continuously updating best-practice recommendations for countrywide and regional disease management programs in Germany. Since 2003 twelve national guidelines (topics: asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, HI (Chronic heart failure), CVD (Chronic coronary heart disease) back pain, depression, several aspects of diabetes) have been produced by use of a standardized procedure in accordance with internationally consented methodologies...
May 15, 2007: Medizinische Klinik
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/16299702/moving-knowledge-of-global-burden-into-preventive-action
#18
REVIEW
Gerry J M Eijkemans, Jukka Takala
BACKGROUND: Estimation of the global burden of disease and injury due to selected occupational factors is a topic of interest to policy makers, governments, and international bodies. The World Health Organization (WHO) has implemented a Comparative Risk Assessment (CRA) to estimate risk to exposed populations. METHODS: Estimates of the risk factor-burden relationships by age, sex, and WHO subregion were generated. Risk measurements (relative risks and mortality rates) for the health outcomes were determined primarily from studies published in peer review journals...
December 2005: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/14676857/-respiratory-sequelae-of-viral-diseases-from-diagnosis-to-treatment
#19
Alejandro Teper, Gilberto Bueno Fischer, Marcus Herbert Jones
OBJECTIVE: The objective of the present article is to present a review of the main clinical issues faced by pediatricians while defining the diagnosis, management and prognosis of postinfectious bronchiolitis obliterans. SOURCES: Data from national and international scientific journals selected from the Lilacs and Medline databases. SUMMARY OF THE FINDINGS: With the purpose of establishing the diagnosis, a radiological investigation shows high levels of pulmonary insufflation, thickened bronchovascular bundles and, less often, bronchiectasis, atelectasis and pulmonary hyperlucency...
November 2002: Jornal de Pediatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/12804425/methylxanthines-for-exacerbations-of-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#20
REVIEW
R G Barr, B H Rowe, C A Camargo
BACKGROUND: Most international guidelines currently recommend methylxanthines (e.g., theophylline, aminophylline) for severe exacerbations of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), yet clinical trials underlying this recommendation have been small and underpowered. OBJECTIVES: To determine the benefit of methylxanthines compared to placebo for COPD exacerbations. SEARCH STRATEGY: Randomised controlled trials (RCTs) were identified from the Cochrane Airways Review Group COPD Register, a compilation of systematic searches of CINAHL, EMBASE, MEDLINE and CENTRAL and hand searching of 20 respiratory journals...
2003: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
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