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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900515/community-based-healthy-aging-interventions-for-older-adults-with-arthritis-and-multimorbidity
#1
Janice C Zgibor, Lei Ye, Robert M Boudreau, Molly B Conroy, Joni Vander Bilt, Elizabeth A Rodgers, Elizabeth A Schlenk, Mini E Jacob, Jane Brandenstein, Steven M Albert, Anne B Newman
Examine the impact of programs led by community health workers on health and function in older adults with arthritis and other health conditions. We conducted a cluster-randomized trial of the Arthritis Foundation Exercise Program (AFEP) enhanced with the "10 Keys"™ to Healthy Aging compared with the AFEP program at 54 sites in 462 participants (mean age 73 years, 88 % women, 80 % white). Trained Community health workers delivered the 10-week programs. Outcomes assessed after 6 months included physical performance [Short Physical Performance Battery (SPPB)], Western Ontario and McMaster Universities (WOMAC) Osteoarthritis Index, and preventive health behaviors...
November 29, 2016: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27897412/systemic-inflammation-body-composition-and-physical-performance-in-old-community-dwellers
#2
Riccardo Calvani, Federico Marini, Matteo Cesari, Thomas W Buford, Todd M Manini, Marco Pahor, Christiaan Leeuwenburgh, Roberto Bernabei, Francesco Landi, Emanuele Marzetti
BACKGROUND: Chronic inflammation, changes in body composition, and declining physical function are hallmarks of the ageing process. The aim of the present study was to provide a preliminary characterisation of the relationship among these age-related phenomena via multivariate modelling. METHODS: Thirty-five old adults (OAs) and 17 young adults (YAs) were enrolled. The volume of skeletal muscle, subcutaneous adipose tissue (SAT), and intermuscular adipose tissue (IMAT) of the thigh was quantified by three-dimensional magnetic resonance imaging...
August 8, 2016: Journal of Cachexia, Sarcopenia and Muscle
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893568/physical-function-in-older-adults-with-multiple-sclerosis-an-application-of-the-short-physical-performance-battery
#3
Robert W Motl, Gioella Chaparro, Manuel E Hernandez, Julia M Balto, Brian M Sandroff
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: There is a growing prevalence of older persons living with multiple sclerosis (MS), and this cohort likely undergoes changes in physical function associated with MS and its progression as well as those associated with normal aging. This cross-sectional study examined physical function in a community-dwelling sample of older adults with MS compared with matched controls using the Short Physical Performance Battery (SPPB). METHODS: The sample (N = 40) included 20 older adults with MS and 20 older adults without MS who were matched on sex and age...
November 23, 2016: Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893087/targeting-functional-decline-in-alzheimer-disease-a-randomized-trial
#4
Christopher M Callahan, Malaz A Boustani, Arlene A Schmid, Michael A LaMantia, Mary G Austrom, Douglas K Miller, Sujuan Gao, Denisha Y Ferguson, Kathleen A Lane, Hugh C Hendrie
Background: Alzheimer disease results in progressive functional decline, leading to loss of independence. Objective: To determine whether collaborative care plus 2 years of home-based occupational therapy delays functional decline. Design: Randomized, controlled clinical trial. (ClinicalTrial.gov: NCT01314950). Setting: Urban public health system. Patients: 180 community-dwelling participants with Alzheimer disease and their informal caregivers...
November 22, 2016: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863730/psoas-muscle-area-and-length-of-stay-in-older-adults-undergoing-cardiac-operations
#5
Jesse Zuckerman, Matthew Ades, Louis Mullie, Amanda Trnkus, Jean-Francois Morin, Yves Langlois, Felix Ma, Mark Levental, José A Morais, Jonathan Afilalo
BACKGROUND: Frailty assessment can help predict which older adults will experience adverse events after cardiac surgical procedures. Low muscle mass is a core component of frailty that is suboptimally captured by self-reported weight loss; refined measures using computed tomographic (CT) images have emerged and are predictive of outcomes in noncardiac surgical procedures. The objective of this study was to evaluate the association between CT muscle area and length of stay (LOS) after cardiac surgical procedures...
November 15, 2016: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27861700/vitamin-d-and-physical-function-in-sedentary-older-men
#6
Silvina Levis, Orlando Gómez-Marín
OBJECTIVES: To determine the effectiveness of vitamin D supplementation in preventing decline in physical function in older men. DESIGN: Randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial. SETTING: Single-center study conducted at a Veterans Affairs Healthcare System. PARTICIPANTS: Sedentary men aged 65 to 90 (mean 72.4 ± 6.8) with baseline 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D levels of less than 30 ng/mL and Short Physical Performance Battery (SPPB) test scores of 9 or less (N = 130)...
November 14, 2016: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27853883/nutritional-status-and-its-effects-on-muscle-wasting-in-patients-with-chronic-heart-failure-insights-from-studies-investigating-co-morbidities-aggravating-heart-failure
#7
Masakazu Saitoh, Marcelo Rodrigues Dos Santos, Nicole Ebner, Amir Emami, Masaaki Konishi, Junichi Ishida, Miroslava Valentova, Anja Sandek, Wolfram Doehner, Stefan D Anker, Stephan von Haehling
BACKGROUND: Inadequate nutritional status has been linked to poor outcomes in patients with heart failure (HF). Skeletal muscle wasting affects about 20% of ambulatory patients with HF. The impact of nutritional intake and appetite on skeletal muscle wasting has not been investigated so far. We sought to investigate the impact of nutritional status on muscle wasting and mortality in ambulatory patients with HF. METHODS: We studied 130 ambulatory patients with HF who were recruited as a part of the Studies Investigating Co-morbidities Aggravating Heart Failure (SICA-HF) program...
November 16, 2016: Wiener Klinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27824658/influences-of-resistance-training-on-physical-function-in-older-obese-men-and-women-with-sarcopenia
#8
Katja Stoever, Anke Heber, Sabine Eichberg, Klara Brixius
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Sarcopenic obesity is associated with disability, gait problems, and falls. Activities of daily living such as walking and climbing stairs are physically difficult or impossible for the individual with severe obesity. These aspects also limit participation in recreational activities or exercise programs. However, good muscle function is crucial to maintain functional independence. The objective of this study was to investigate the influence of resistance training on physical function in older, obese persons with sarcopenia...
November 7, 2016: Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27821138/concurrent-validity-of-the-swedish-version-of-the-life-space-assessment-questionnaire
#9
Sofi Fristedt, Ann-Sofi Kammerlind, Marie Bravell Ernsth, Eleonor I Fransson
BACKGROUND: The Life-Space Assessment (LSA), developed in the USA, is an instrument focusing on mobility with respect to reaching different areas defined as life-spaces, extending from the room where the person sleeps to mobility outside one's hometown. A newly translated Swedish version of the LSA (LSA-S) has been tested for test-retest reliability, but the validity remains to be tested. The purpose of the present study was to examine the concurrent validity of the LSA-S, by comparing and correlating the LSA scores to other measures of mobility...
November 8, 2016: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27815111/cross-cultural-adaptation-and-validation-of-the-spanish-language-version-of-the-sarc-f-to-assess-sarcopenia-in-mexican-community-dwelling-older-adults
#10
Lorena Parra-Rodríguez, Claudia Szlejf, Ana Isabel García-González, Theodore K Malmstrom, Esteban Cruz-Arenas, Oscar Rosas-Carrasco
OBJECTIVES: To cross-culturally adapt and validate the Spanish-language version of the SARC-F in Mexican community-dwelling older adults. DESIGN: Cross-sectional analysis of a prospective cohort. SETTING: The FraDySMex study, a 2-round evaluation of community-dwelling adults from 2 municipalities in Mexico City. PARTICIPANTS: Participants were 487 men and women older than 60 years, living in the designated area in Mexico City...
December 1, 2016: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27796963/the-frailty-in-elderly-patients-receiving-cardiac-interventional-procedures-fraser-program-rational-and-design-of-a-multicenter-prospective-study
#11
Gianluca Campo, Rita Pavasini, Elisa Maietti, Elisabetta Tonet, Paolo Cimaglia, Giulia Scillitani, Giulia Bugani, Matteo Serenelli, Fatima Zaraket, Cristina Balla, Filippo Trevisan, Simone Biscaglia, Biagio Sassone, Marcello Galvani, Roberto Ferrari, Stefano Volpato
BACKGROUND: Frailty has become a high-priority issue in cardiovascular medicine because of the aging of cardiovascular patients. Simple and reproducible tools to assess frailty in elderly patients are clearly on demand. Their application may help physicians in the selection of invasive and medical treatments and in the timing and modality of the follow-up. The frailty in elderly patients receiving cardiac interventional procedures (FRASER) program is designed with the aim to validate the use of the short physical performance battery (SPPB) as prognostic tools in patients admitted to hospital for acute coronary syndrome (ACS)...
October 28, 2016: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27791222/nutritional-and-functional-status-in-geriatric-day-hospital-patients-mna-short-form-versus-full-mna
#12
E Schrader, E Grosch, T Bertsch, C C Sieber, D Volkert
OBJECTIVES: The aims of this study were to determine the prevalence of malnutrition in patients of a geriatric day hospital using the Mini Nutritional Assessment short form (MNA-SF) and the full MNA, to compare both tools, and to examine the relationship between nutritional and functional status. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Geriatric day hospital. PARTICIPANTS: 190 patients (72.1% female, median 80 years) aged 65 years or older...
2016: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27791218/fruit-and-vegetable-intake-and-physical-activity-as-predictors-of-disability-risk-factors-in-african-american-middle-aged-individuals
#13
S M L Ribeiro, J E Morley, T K Malmstrom, D K Miller
OBJECTIVE: To investigate fruit and vegetable intake (FVI) and different dimensions of physical activity (PA) as predictors of change in disabilities and other known precursors of progressive disability in a population-based sample of African Americans. DESIGN: Longitudinal investigation of the independent associations of reported FVI and PA with six-year changes in disabilities and other known precursors of progressive disability. SETTING: Longitudinal study of a population-representative cohort of late middle-aged African Americans...
2016: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27757387/the-reliability-and-validity-of-gait-speed-with-different-walking-pace-and-distances-against-general-health-physical-function-and-chronic-disease-in-aged-adults
#14
Hee-Jae Kim, Ilhyoek Park, Hyo Joo Lee, On Lee
PURPOSE: Gait speed is an important objective values associated with several health-related outcomes including functional mobility in aging people. However, walking test methodologies and descriptions are not standardized considering specific aims of research. This study examine the reliability and validity of gait speed measured at various distances and paces in elderly Koreans. METHODS: Fifty-four female participants ≥70 years of age were recruited from a local retirement community...
September 2016: Journal of Exercise Nutrition & Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27737884/experiences-of-violence-across-life-course-and-its-effects-on-mobility-among-participants-in-the-international-mobility-in-aging-study
#15
Dimitri Taurino Guedes, Afshin Vafaei, Beatriz Eugenia Alvarado, Carmen Lucia Curcio, Jack M Guralnik, María Victoria Zunzunegui, Ricardo Oliveira Guerra
BACKGROUND: Life course exposure to violence may lead to disability in old age. We examine associations and pathways between life course violence and mobility disability in older participants of the International Mobility in Aging Study (IMIAS). METHODS: A cross-sectional study using IMIAS 2012 baseline. Men and women aged 65-74 years were recruited at 5 cities (n=1995): Kingston and Saint-Hyacinthe (Canada), Tirana (Albania), Manizales (Colombia) and Natal (Brazil)...
October 13, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27723277/hyperuricemia-is-a-significant-predictor-of-poor-physical-performance-in-the-elderly-the-pro-v-a-study
#16
Nicola Veronese, Brendon Stubbs, Caterina Trevisan, Francesco Bolzetta, Marina De Rui, Stefania Maggi, Leonardo Sartori, Estella Musacchio, Sabina Zambon, Egle Perissinotto, Marianna Noale, Gaetano Crepaldi, Enzo Manzato, Giuseppe Sergi
OBJECTIVES: Hyperuricemia (HU) is frequent in older people and associated with several medical conditions. The relationship between HU and physical performance is limited. We aimed to investigate the association between HU and physical performance over a 4.4 year follow-up in the elderly. METHODS: 1,904 community-dwelling older participants were followed for a mean of 4.4 years. HU at baseline was defined using serum uric acid (SUA) concentrations ≥ 6 and 7 mg/dl for women and men, respectively...
October 9, 2016: Arthritis Care & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27718777/physical-performance-measures-for-predicting-outcome-in-cancer-patients-a-systematic-review
#17
Norbert M Verweij, Anandi H W Schiphorst, Apollo Pronk, Frederiek van den Bos, Marije E Hamaker
BACKGROUND: Decision making regarding cancer treatment is challenging and there is a need for clinical parameters that can guide these decisions. As physical performance appears to be a reflection of health status, the aim of this systematic review is to assess whether physical performance tests (PPTs) are predictive of the clinical outcome and treatment tolerance in cancer patients. METHODS: A literature search was conducted on 2 April 2015 in the electronic databases Medline and Embase to identify studies focusing on the association between objectively measured PPTs and outcome...
October 8, 2016: Acta Oncologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27709237/visual-impairment-screening-at-the-geriatric-frailty-clinic-for-assessment-of-frailty-and-prevention-of-disability-at-the-g%C3%A3-rontop%C3%A3-le
#18
V Soler, S Sourdet, L Balardy, G Abellan van Kan, D Brechemier, M E Rougé-Bugat, N Tavassoli, M Cassagne, F Malecaze, F Nourhashémi, B Vellas
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate visual performance and factors associated with abnormal vision in patients screened for frailty at the Geriatric Frailty Clinic (GFC) for Assessment of Frailty and Prevention of Disability at Toulouse University Hospital. DESIGN: Retrospective, observational cross-sectional, single-centre study. SETTING: Institutional practice. PARTICIPANTS: Patients were screened for frailty during a single-day hospital stay between October 2011 and October 2014 (n = 1648)...
2016: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27709235/frailty-diabetes-and-mortality-in-middle-aged-african-americans
#19
S Chode, T K Malmstrom, D K Miller, J E Morley
BACKGROUND: Older adult frail diabetics have high mortality risk, but data are limited regarding frail late middle-aged diabetics, especially for African-Americans. The aim of this study is to examine the association of diabetes with health outcomes and frailty in the African American Health (AAH) study. METHODS: AAH is a population-based longitudinal cohort study. Participants were African Americans (N=998) ages 49 to 65 years at baseline. Cross-sectional comparisons for diabetes included disability, function, physical performance, cytokines, and frailty...
2016: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27698178/correlation-of-physical-performance-and-patient-reported-outcomes-following-total-ankle-arthroplasty
#20
Evan P McConnell, Robin M Queen
BACKGROUND: Functional recovery following total ankle arthroplasty (TAA) is assessed with patient-reported metrics, but physical performance tests may allow for a more accurate assessment of patient function. We quantified correlations between patient-reported measures and physical performance tests in patients after TAA to determine the usefulness of physical performance tests in post-TAA assessment. METHODS: In total, 140 patients with end-stage ankle osteoarthritis were assessed prior to TAA and again at 12 and 24 months postoperatively...
October 2, 2016: Foot & Ankle International
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