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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343089/cortisol-and-physical-performance-in-older-populations-findings-from-the-international-mobility-in-aging-study-imias
#1
Ana Carolina Patrício de Albuquerque Sousa, Alain Marchand, Angeles Garcia, Jose Fernando Gomez, Alban Ylli, Jack M Guralnik, Maria-Victoria Zunzunegui, Ricardo Oliveira Guerra
OBJECTIVE: To compare diurnal cortisol profiles across samples of older adults from diverse populations and to examine if differences in circadian cortisol secretion are associated with poor physical performance (SPPB<9). METHODS: Data were collected during the baseline survey of the International Mobility in Aging Study conducted in 2012 in Kingston (Canada), Saint-Hyacinthe (Canada), Tirana (Albania) and Manizales (Colombia). Salivary cortisol was collected from a subsample of 309 participants instructed to collect saliva on two consecutive days, and 5 different intervals each day: upon awakening (M1), 30min (M2) and 60min after awakening, at 15:00h and before bedtime (E)...
March 9, 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28306687/directly-measured-physical-function-in-cardiac-rehabilitation
#2
Jason L Rengo, Patrick D Savage, Joan C Shaw, Philip A Ades
PURPOSE: The Short Physical Performance Battery (SPPB) is a strong predictor for risk of physical disability in older adults. Roughly half of individuals participating in phase II cardiac rehabilitation (CR) are 65 years or older, many presenting with low aerobic capacities and may be at increased risk for physical disability. METHODS: The cohort consisted of 196 consecutive patients (136 men), aged 65 years or older, entering CR who were prospectively evaluated by the SPPB...
March 15, 2017: Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303397/association-of-the-baltic-sea-and-mediterranean-diets-with-indices-of-sarcopenia-in-elderly-women-osptre-fps-study
#3
Masoud Isanejad, Joonas Sirola, Jaakko Mursu, Toni Rikkonen, Heikki Kröger, Marjo Tuppurainen, Arja T Erkkilä
PURPOSE: To examine whether higher adherence to Baltic Sea diet (BSD) and Mediterranean diet (MED) have beneficial association with sarcopenia indices in elderly women. METHODS: In total 554 women, aged 65-72 years belonging to OSTPRE-FPS study answered a questionnaire on lifestyle factors and 3-day food record at baseline in 2002. Food consumptions and nutrient intakes were calculated. Nine components were selected to calculate BSD score. MED score was calculated using eight components...
March 16, 2017: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295612/relationship-between-pre-transplant-physical-function-and-outcomes-after-kidney-transplant-elizabeth
#4
C Lorenz, Andrea L Cheville, Hatem Amer, Brian R Kotajarvi, Mark D Stegall, Tanya M Petterson, Walter K Kremers, Fernando G Cosio, Nathan K LeBrasseur
BACKGROUND: Performance-based measures of physical function predict morbidity following non-transplant surgery. Study objectives were to determine whether physical function predicts outcomes after kidney transplant and assess how physical function changes post-transplant. METHODS: We conducted a prospective study involving living donor kidney transplants recipients at our center 5/2012 to 2/2014. Physical function was measured using the Short Physical Performance Battery (SPPB) (balance, chair stands, gait speed) and grip strength testing...
March 11, 2017: Clinical Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295148/reliability-and-minimum-detectable-change-for-common-clinical-physical-function-tests-in-sarcopenic-men-and-women
#5
Nathaniel D M Jenkins, Joel T Cramer
OBJECTIVES: To determine the test-retest reliability and minimum detectable change scores for seven common clinical measurements of muscle strength and physical function in a multiethnic sample of sarcopenic, malnourished men and women. DESIGN: Each participant visited the laboratory seven times over 25 to 26 weeks. Reliability was assessed for each measurement from Familiarization 1 to Familiarization 2 (R1), Familiarization 2 to baseline testing (R2), Familiarization 3 to 12-week testing (R3), and Familiarization 4 to 24-week testing (R4)...
March 15, 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285121/a-novel-rehabilitation-intervention-for%C3%A2-older-patients-with-acute-decompensated%C3%A2-heart-failure-the-rehab-hf-pilot-study
#6
Gordon R Reeves, David J Whellan, Christopher M O'Connor, Pamela Duncan, Joel D Eggebeen, Timothy M Morgan, Leigh Ann Hewston, Amy Pastva, Mahesh J Patel, Dalane W Kitzman
OBJECTIVES: This study sought to assess a novel physical rehabilitation intervention in older patients hospitalized for acute decompensated heart failure (ADHF). BACKGROUND: After ADHF, older patients, who are frequently frail with multiple comorbidities, have prolonged and incomplete recovery of physical function and remain at high risk for poor outcomes. METHODS: The REHAB-HF (Rehabilitation Therapy in Older Acute Heart Failure Patients) pilot study was a 3-site, randomized, attention-controlled pilot study of a tailored, progressive, multidomain physical rehabilitation intervention beginning in the hospital and continuing for 12 weeks post-discharge in patients ≥60 years hospitalized with ADHF...
March 5, 2017: JACC. Heart Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28253047/effects-of-a-community-care-station-program-with-structured-exercise-intervention-on-physical-performance-and-balance-in-community-dwelling-older-adults-a-prospective-2-year-observational-study
#7
Chung-Chao Liang, Qi-Xing Change, Yu-Chou Hung, Chen Chizan-Chung, Chun-Hsiang Lin, Yu-Chun Wei, Jia-Ching Chen
The Taiwanese government has developed community care stations (CCSs) for community-based elderly care. We investigated the effects of a structured exercise intervention, applied at CCS for 6 months, on physical performance and balance in community-dwelling older adults, including a 2-year reassessment. Fifty-eight participants (aged 76.9± 6.3 years) participated in the study. The Elderly Mobility Scale, Short Physical Performance Battery (SPPB), Timed Up and Go (TUG), gait speed, functional reach, one-leg-stance (OLS) and flexibility were evaluated at baseline, 6 months and 2 years...
March 2, 2017: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28251287/nutrition-and-physical-activity-in-the-prevention-and-treatment-of-sarcopenia-systematic-review
#8
REVIEW
C Beaudart, A Dawson, S C Shaw, N C Harvey, J A Kanis, N Binkley, J Y Reginster, R Chapurlat, D C Chan, O Bruyère, R Rizzoli, C Cooper, E M Dennison
This systematic review summarizes the effect of combined exercise and nutrition intervention on muscle mass and muscle function. A total of 37 RCTs were identified. Results indicate that physical exercise has a positive impact on muscle mass and muscle function in subjects aged 65 years and older. However, any interactive effect of dietary supplementation appears to be limited. INTRODUCTION: In 2013, Denison et al. conducted a systematic review including 17 randomized controlled trials (RCTs) to explore the effect of combined exercise and nutrition intervention to improve muscle mass, muscle strength, or physical performance in older people...
March 1, 2017: Osteoporosis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28248412/three-year-changes-in-physical-activity-and-decline-in-physical-performance-over-9-years-of-follow-up-in-older-adults-the-invecchiare-in-chianti-study
#9
David Martinez-Gomez, Stefania Bandinelli, Vieri Del-Panta, Kushang V Patel, Jack M Guralnik, Luigi Ferrucci
OBJECTIVES: To examine the associations between cumulative physical activity (PA) and its changes over 3 years and changes over 9 years of follow-up in physical performance in older adults. DESIGN: Longitudinal. SETTING: Community-based. PARTICIPANTS: Men and women aged 65 and older from the Invecchiare in Chianti study (N = 782). MEASUREMENTS: Physical performance was assessed at baseline and at 3-, 6-, and 9-year follow-up using the Short Physical Performance Battery (SPPB)...
March 1, 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28244553/prevalence-of-concomitant-bone-and-muscle-wasting-in-elderly-women-from-the-sarcophage-cohort-preliminary-results
#10
M Locquet, C Beaudart, J-Y Reginster, J Petermans, S Gillain, A Quabron, J Slomian, F Buckinx, O Bruyère
BACKGROUND: Recent studies suggest that bone and muscle wasting are closely interconnected. OBJECTIVE: The aim was of this study is to assess the prevalence of osteoporosis in a population of women diagnosed with sarcopenia. Participants, setting and design: We analyzed cross-sectional data of women, aged 65 years and above, for whom bone mineral density was available at the time of inclusion in the SarcoPhAge (Sarcopenia and Physical impairment with advancing Age) cohort, an ongoing prospective study with the aim to assess consequences of sarcopenia...
2017: Journal of Frailty & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28237604/resistance-training-performed-at-distinct-angular-velocities-elicits-velocity-specific-alterations-in-muscle-strength-and-mobility-status-in-older-adults
#11
Davis A Englund, Rick L Sharp, Joshua T Selsby, Shanthi S Ganesan, Warren D Franke
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to compare the effects of high and low velocity knee extension training on changes in muscle strength and mobility status in high-functioning older adults. METHODS: Twenty-six (16 female, 10 male) older adults (mean age of 65) were randomized to either 6weeks of low velocity resistance training (LVRT) performed at 75°/s or high velocity resistance training (HVRT) performed at 240°/s. Both groups performed 3 sets of knee extension exercises at maximal effort, 3 times a week...
February 22, 2017: Experimental Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221668/effect-of-physical-activity-versus-health-education-on-physical-function-grip-strength-and-mobility
#12
Adam J Santanasto, Nancy W Glynn, Laura C Lovato, Steven N Blair, Roger A Fielding, Thomas M Gill, Jack M Guralnik, Fang-Chi Hsu, Abby C King, Elsa S Strotmeyer, Todd M Manini, Anthony P Marsh, Mary M McDermott, Bret H Goodpaster, Marco Pahor, Anne B Newman
BACKGROUND: Physical activity (PA) reduces the rate of mobility disability, compared with health education (HE), in at risk older adults. It is important to understand aspects of performance contributing to this benefit. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate intervention effects on tertiary physical performance outcomes. DESIGN: The Lifestyle Interventions and Independence for Elders (LIFE) was a multi-centered, single-blind randomized trial of older adults...
February 21, 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28205055/effectiveness-of-calcifediol-in-improving-muscle-function-in-post-menopausal-women-a-prospective-cohort-study
#13
Giovanni Iolascon, Antimo Moretti, Alessandro de Sire, Dario Calafiore, Francesca Gimigliano
INTRODUCTION: The role of vitamin D supplementation on muscle function and physical performance is still debated. Calcifediol is an available treatment for hypovitaminosis D, particularly for extra-skeletal effects. Aim of this prospective cohort study was to evaluate the effectiveness of calcifediol on serum levels of 25(OH)D3, appendicular muscle strength, physical performance, and prevention of falls in post-menopausal women. METHODS: We recruited post-menopausal women aged ≥50 years, referring to an outpatient service for the management of osteoporosis over a 18-month period...
February 15, 2017: Advances in Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202383/a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-screening-risk-modification-and-physical-therapy-to-prevent-falls-among-the-elderly-recently-discharged-from-the-emergency-department-to-the-community-the-steps-to-avoid-falls-in-the-elderly-study
#14
David B Matchar, Pamela W Duncan, Christopher T C Lien, Marcus Eng Hock Ong, Mina Lee, Fei Gao, Rita Sim, Kirsten Eom
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness of a multifactorial, tailored program of physical therapy to reduce the occurrence of falls among a heterogeneous group of high-risk elderly Singaporeans recently discharged from the Emergency Department (ED). DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial. SETTING: Communities in Central and East regions in Singapore. PARTICIPANTS: 354 adults aged at least 65 years who were seen at ED for a fall or fall-related injuries and discharged home...
February 12, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192379/compensatory-saccades-are-associated-with-physical-performance-in-older-adults-data-from-the-baltimore-longitudinal-study-of-aging
#15
Yanjun Xie, Eric R Anson, Eleanor M Simonsick, Stephanie A Studenski, Yuri Agrawal
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether compensatory saccade metrics observed in the video head impulse test, specifically saccade amplitude and latency, predict physical performance. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional analysis of the Baltimore Longitudinal Study of Aging, a prospective cohort study. SETTING: National Institute on Aging Intramural Research Program Clinical Research Unit in Baltimore, Maryland. PATIENTS: Community-dwelling older adults...
March 2017: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28165626/relationship-between-midlife-cardiovascular-health-and-late-life-physical-performance-the-aric-study
#16
B Gwen Windham, Kimystian L Harrison, Seth T Lirette, Pamela L Lutsey, Lisa A Pompeii, Kelley P Gabriel, Silvia Koton, Lyn M Steffen, Michael E Griswold, Thomas H Mosley
OBJECTIVES: To examine the association between midlife cardiovascular health and physical performance 25 years later. DESIGN: Cohort study (Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities Study); multinomial logistic and logistic regression adjusted for demographic characteristics and clinical measures. SETTING: Four U.S. communities: Forsyth County, North Carolina; Washington County, Maryland; Minneapolis, Minnesota; and Jackson, Mississippi. PARTICIPANTS: Individuals aged 54...
February 6, 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28138396/how-much-will-older-adults-exercise-a-feasibility-study-of-aerobic-training-combined-with-resistance-training
#17
Ryan S Falck, Jennifer C Davis, Elizabeth Milosevic, Teresa Liu-Ambrose
BACKGROUND: Both aerobic training (AT) and resistance training (RT) have multidimensional health benefits for older adults including increased life expectancy and decreased risk of chronic diseases. However, the volume (i.e., frequency*time) of AT combined with RT in which untrained older adults can feasibly and safely participate remains unclear. Thus, our primary objective was to investigate the feasibility and safety of a high-volume exercise program consisting of twice weekly AT combined with twice weekly RT (i...
2017: Pilot and Feasibility Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28137475/physical-activity-after-a-hip-fracture-effect-of-a-multicomponent-home-based-rehabilitation-program-a-secondary-analysis-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#18
Katri Turunen, Anu Salpakoski, Johanna Edgren, Timo Törmäkangas, Marja Arkela, Mauri Kallinen, Maija Pesola, Sirpa Hartikainen, Riku Nikander, Sarianna Sipilä
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the effect of a yearlong multicomponent rehabilitation program on the level of physical activity (PA) and the maintenance of the level of PA over 1-year follow-up among older people recovering from a recent hip fracture. DESIGN: Secondary analysis of a randomized, controlled, parallel-group trial. SETTING: Home-based rehabilitation; measurements in university laboratory. PARTICIPANTS: Community-dwelling people (N=81) aged ≥60 years recovering from a hip fracture...
January 27, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28112777/slow-gait-speed-is-an-independent-predictor-of-early-death-in-older-cancer-outpatients-results-from-a-prospective-cohort-study
#19
F Pamoukdjian, V Lévy, G Sebbane, M Boubaya, T Landre, C Bloch-Queyrat, E Paillaud, L Zelek
OBJECTIVE: To assess the predictive value of gait speed for early death in older outpatients with cancer. DESIGN: Prospective bicentric observational cohort study. SETTING: The Physical Frailty in Elder Cancer patients (PF-EC) study (France). PARTICIPANTS: One hundred and ninety outpatients with cancer during the first 6 months of follow up in the PF-EC study. MEASUREMENTS: The association between usual gait speed over 4 m alone (GS) or included in the short physical performance battery (SPPB) and overall survival within 6 months following a comprehensive geriatric assessment (CGA)...
2017: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098134/-validity-reliability-and-associated-factors-of-the-international-physical-activity-questionnaire-adapted-to-elderly-ipaq-e
#20
Francisco Javier Rubio Castañeda, Concepción Tomás Aznar, Carmen Muro Baquero
OBJECTIVE: Physical activity contributes to improve health and reduce mortality in older people. The objective was to analyze the validity of content and reliability of the short version of IPAQ-E in elderly people who attended to Fernando el Católico health center between May 2013 and March 2015. METHODS: Validation study of the short version of the international physical activity questionnaire (IPAQ) adapted in Spanish elderly (IPAQ-E). Our sampling was for convenience...
January 18, 2017: Revista Española de Salud Pública
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