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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326087/a-multicomponent-exercise-program-improves-physical-function-in-long-term-nursing-home-residents-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#1
Haritz Arrieta, Chloe Rezola, Idoia Zarrazquin, Iñaki Echeverria, Jose Javier Yanguas, Miren Iturburu, Susana Maria Gil, Ana Rodriguez-Larrad, Jon Irazusta
To investigate the impact of a multicomponent exercise program on anthropometry, physical function, and physical activity on older adults living in long-term nursing homes (LTNH), we conducted a randomized controlled trial involving 112 participants aged 84.9 ± 6.9 years. Participants were randomly assigned to an intervention (IG) or control group (CG). The IG participated in a 3-month multicomponent exercise intervention focused on strength, balance, stretching exercises, and walking recommendations...
January 8, 2018: Experimental Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325794/association-of-posture-and-ambulation-with-function-at-30-days-post-hospital-discharge-in-older-adults-with-heart-failure
#2
Theresa A Floegel, Jared M Dickinson, Cheryl DerAnanian, Marianne McCarthy, Steven P Hooker, Matthew P Buman
PURPOSE: To investigate the predictive value of in-hospital posture and ambulatory activity for 30-d following discharge on functional status in older patients with heart failure. METHODS: Prospective observational pilot study of 27 patients (78 ± 9.8yrs; 51.8% female) admitted with heart failure. Participants wore two inclinometric accelerometers to record posture in-hospital, and an ankle accelerometer to record ambulatory activity in-hospital and 30 days after discharge...
January 8, 2018: Journal of Cardiac Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29314249/functional-performances-on-admission-predict-in-hospital-falls-injurious-falls-and-fractures-in-older-patients-a-prospective-study
#3
Mélany Hars, Marie-Claude Audet, François Herrmann, Jean De Chassey, René Rizzoli, Jean-Luc Reny, Gabriel Gold, Serge Ferrari, Andrea Trombetti
Falls are common among older inpatients, and remain a great challenge for hospitals. Despite the relevance of physical impairments to falls, the prognostic value of performance-based functional measures for in-hospital falls and injurious falls remains unknown. This study aimed to determine the predictive ability and accuracy of various functional tests administered at or close to admission in a geriatric hospital to identify in-hospital fallers and injurious fallers. In this prospective study, conducted in a geriatric hospital in Geneva (Switzerland), 807 inpatients (mean age, 85...
January 3, 2018: Journal of Bone and Mineral Research: the Official Journal of the American Society for Bone and Mineral Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29311518/impact-of-frailty-markers-for-unplanned-hospital-readmission-following-transcatheter-aortic-valve-implantation
#4
Mike Saji, Ryosuke Higuchi, Tetsuya Tobaru, Nobuo Iguchi, Shuichiro Takanashi, Morimasa Takayama, Mitsuaki Isobe
BACKGROUND: Various frailty markers have been developed to guide better patient selection for transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI). This study aimed to investigate the frequency and specific causes of unplanned hospital readmission after TAVI, and to investigate which frailty markers better predicted outcomes.Methods and Results:We retrospectively reviewed 155 patients for whom we calculated their Short Physical-Performance Battery (SPPB), Placement of AoRTic TraNscathetER Valve (PARTNER) frailty scale, frailty index, clinical frailty scale, modified Fried scale, and gait speed...
December 29, 2017: Circulation Journal: Official Journal of the Japanese Circulation Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304750/lower-body-functioning-and-correlates-among-older-american-indians-the-cerebrovascular-disease-and-its-consequences-in-american-indians-study
#5
R Turner Goins, Mark Schure, Paul N Jensen, Astrid Suchy-Dicey, Lonnie Nelson, Steven P Verney, Barbara V Howard, Dedra Buchwald
BACKGROUND: More than six million American Indians live in the United States, and an estimated 1.6 million will be aged ≥65 years old by 2050 tripling in numbers since 2012. Physical functioning and related factors in this population are poorly understood. Our study aimed to assess lower body functioning and identify the prevalence and correlates of "good" functioning in a multi-tribe, community-based sample of older American Indians. METHODS: Assessments used the Short Physical Performance Battery (SPPB)...
January 5, 2018: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29301486/comprehensive-geriatric-assessment-in-patients-undergoing-transcatheter-aortic-valve-implantation-results-from-the-cga-tavi-multicentre-registry
#6
Andrea Ungar, Giulio Mannarino, Nathalie van der Velde, Jan Baan, Marie-Pierre Thibodeau, Jean-Bernard Masson, Gennaro Santoro, Martijn van Mourik, Sofie Jansen, Cornelia Deutsch, Peter Bramlage, Jana Kurucova, Martin Thoenes, Stefania Maggi, Andreas W Schoenenberger
BACKGROUND: In older patients with aortic stenosis (AS) undergoing TAVI, the potential role of prior CGA is not well established. To explore the value of comprehensive geriatric assessment (CGA) for predicting mortality and/or hospitalisation within the first 3 months after transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI). METHODS: An international, multi-centre, prospective registry (CGA-TAVI) was established to gather data on CGA results and medium-term outcomes in geriatric patients undergoing TAVI...
January 4, 2018: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29300415/physical-performance-and-serum-25-oh-vitamin-d-status-in-community-dwelling-old-mobility-limited-adults-a-cross-sectional-study
#7
Å von Berens, T Cederholm, R A Fielding, T Gustafsson, D Kirn, J Laussen, M Nydahl, T G Travison, K Reid, A Koochek
OBJECTIVES: To examine the potential association between serum 25(OH) vitamin D and the performance on the Short Physical Performance Battery (SPPB) including the sub-components; five repeated chair stands test, 4 meters walk test and balance in older mobility-limited community-dwelling men and women. DESIGN: A cross sectional study was performed in American and Swedish subjects who were examined for potential participation in a combined exercise and nutrition intervention trial...
2018: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29300193/inability-to-perform-the-repeated-chair-stand-task-predicts-fall-related-injury-in-older-primary-care-patients
#8
Cristina A Shea, Rachel E Ward, Sarah A Welch, Dan K Kiely, Richard Goldstein, Jonathan F Bean
OBJECTIVE: To examine whether the chair stand component of the Short Physical Performance Battery (SPPB) predicts fall-related injury among older adult primary care patients. DESIGN: 2-year longitudinal cohort study of 430 Boston-area primary care patients aged ≥65 years screened to be at risk for mobility decline. The three components of the SPPB (balance time, gait speed, and chair stand time) were measured at baseline. Participants reported incidence of fall-related injuries quarterly for two years...
January 3, 2018: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240562/occurrence-of-impaired-physical-performance-in-memory-clinic-patients-with-cerebral-small-vessel-disease
#9
Jurre H Verwer, Geert-Jan Biessels, Rutger Heinen, Lieza G Exalto, Marielle H Emmelot-Vonk, Huiberdina L Koek
Cerebral small vessel disease (CSVD) occurs often in memory clinic patients. Apart from cognitive deficits, these patients can express physical decline, which predicts adverse health outcomes. In this study, we investigated the cooccurrence of clinically relevant impairments in physical performance and CSVD in memory clinic patients. We included 131 patients with vascular brain injury, mild cognitive impairment or Alzheimer disease with available 3T MRI and physical performance scores. CSVD was visually rated according to 3 subtypes and as a total burden score, composed of the presence of white matter hyperintensities (WMH), lacunar infarcts (LI), and cerebral microbleeds (MB)...
December 13, 2017: Alzheimer Disease and Associated Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234165/short-physical-performance-battery-for-cardiovascular-disease-inpatients-implications-for-critical-factors-and-sarcopenia
#10
Tomohiro Yasuda, Toshiaki Nakajima, Tatsuya Sawaguchi, Naohiro Nozawa, Tomoe Arakawa, Reiko Takahashi, Yuta Mizushima, Satoshi Katayanagi, Kazuhisa Matsumoto, Shigeru Toyoda, Teruo Inoue
We examined the relationship between Short Physical Performance Battery (SPPB) and clinical and laboratory factors and the effect of sarcopenia and sarcopenic obesity (SO) on clinical and laboratory factors for cardiovascular disease (CVD) inpatients. CVD male (n = 318) and female (n = 172) inpatients were recruited. A stepwise multiple-regression analysis was performed to predict total SPPB scores and assess clinical and laboratory factors (physical characteristics, functional and morphological assessments, etc...
December 12, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224021/comparison-of-muscle-mass-indices-using-computed-tomography-or-dual-x-ray-absorptiometry-for-predicting-physical-performance-in-hemodialysis-patients
#11
Seok Hui Kang, Hyun Seok Lee, Sukyung Lee, Ji-Hyung Cho, Jun Chul Kim
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Our study aims to evaluate the association between thigh muscle cross-sectional area (TMA) using computed tomography (CT), or appendicular skeletal muscle mass (ASM) using dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (DEXA), and physical performance levels in hemodialysis (HD) patients. METHODS: Patients were included if they were on HD for ≥6 months (n = 84). ASM and TMA were adjusted to body weight (BW, kg) or height2 (Ht2, m2). Each participant performed a short physical performance battery test (SPPB), a sit-to-stand for 30 second test (STS30), a 6-minute walk test (6-MWT), a timed up and go test (TUG), and hand grip strength (HGS) test...
December 7, 2017: Kidney & Blood Pressure Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221945/the-relationship-of-physical-performance-and-osteoporosis-prevention-with-vitamin-d-in-older-african-americans-poda
#12
Ruban Dhaliwal, Mageda Mikhail, Gianina Usera, Alexandra Stolberg, Shahidul Islam, Louis Ragolia, John F Aloia
RATIONALE: Vitamin D deficiency is associated with bone loss, poor muscle strength, falls and fracture. This information in older African Americans (AAs) is sparse. OBJECTIVE: The study of the relationship of Physical performance, Osteoporosis prevention with vitamin D in older African Americans (PODA) is a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled 3-year trial examining the effect of vitamin D on bone loss and physical performance in older AA women. METHODS: 260 healthy AA women aged >60years were assigned to receive placebo or vitamin D3...
December 5, 2017: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210932/score-distributions-of-the-balance-outcome-measure-for-elder-rehabilitation-boomer-in-community-dwelling-older-adults-with-vertebral-fracture
#13
Zachary M Brown, Jenna C Gibbs, Jonathan D Adachi, Maureen C Ashe, Keith D Hill, David L Kendler, Aliya Khan, Alexandra Papaioannou, Sadhana Prasad, John D Wark, Lora M Giangregorio
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: We sought to evaluate the Balance Outcome Measure for Elder Rehabilitation (BOOMER) in community-dwelling women 65 years and older with vertebral fracture and to describe score distributions and potential ceiling and floor effects. METHODS: This was a secondary data analysis of baseline data from the Build Better Bones with Exercise randomized controlled trial using the BOOMER. A total of 141 women with osteoporosis and radiographically confirmed vertebral fracture were included...
November 28, 2017: Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29199185/efficacy-and-safety-of-whole-body-vibration-in-maintenance-hemodialysis-patients-a-pilot-study
#14
L Seefried, F Genest, N Luksche, M Schneider, G Fazeli, M Brandl, U Bahner, A A Heidland
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to assess safety and effectiveness of Whole Body Vibration exercise (WBV) to improve physical performance and parameters of inflammation in patients on maintenance hemodialysis (MHD). METHODS: Prospective, open-label trial in n=14 patients on maintenance hemodialysis. Participants performed WBV twice weekly for 12 weeks before (n=8) or after (n=6) hemodialysis sessions. The primary endpoint was physical performance assessed by the Short-Physical-Performance-Battery (SPPB)...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Musculoskeletal & Neuronal Interactions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29188864/development-of-a-novel-six-month-nutrition-intervention-for-a-randomized-trial-in-older-men-with-mobility-limitations
#15
C M Apovian, M R Singer, W W Campbell, S Bhasin, A C McCarthy, M Shah, S Basaria, L L Moore
OBJECTIVES: Nutrition impacts the development of sarcopenia and protein intake is an important modulator of skeletal muscle mass loss in older people. The Optimizing Protein Intake in Older Men with Mobility Limitation (OPTIMEN) Trial was designed to assess the independent and combined effects of higher protein intake and a promyogenic agent, testosterone, on lean body mass, muscle strength and physical function in older men with mobility disability. The purpose of this paper is to describe the experimental design and nutrition intervention, including techniques used by research dietitians to develop and deliver energy and protein-specific meals to the homes of community-dwelling participants...
2017: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29172062/association-of-nutrition-and-immune-endocrine-dysfunction-with-muscle-mass-and-performance-in-cognitively-impaired-older-adults
#16
L Tay, B P Leung, S Wee, K S Tay, N Ali, M Chan, W S Lim
BACKGROUND: With lean mass declining early in Alzheimer's disease, muscle quality beyond quantity is relevant to physical performance. We sought to identify potentially modifiable factors for the differential loss of muscle mass (pre-sarcopenia) and its performance (sarcopenia) in older adults with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and mild-to-moderate Alzheimer's disease (AD). METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study of 108 community-dwelling older adults with MCI and mild-to-moderate AD...
November 16, 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168787/fred-exergame-to-prevent-dependence-and-functional-deterioration-associated-with-ageing-a-pilot-three-week-randomized-controlled-clinical-trial
#17
Iranzu Mugueta-Aguinaga, Begonya Garcia-Zapirain
Introduction: Frailty syndrome and advanced age may decrease the acceptance of illness and quality of life, and worsen patients' existing health conditions, as well as leading to an increase in health care expenses. Purpose: The purpose of this study is to reduce frailty risk via the use of a FRED game which has been expressly designed and put together for the study. Materials and methods: A total of 40 frail volunteers with a score of <10 points in the short physical performance battery (SPPB) took part in a feasibility study in order to validate the FRED game...
November 23, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140899/isotemporal-substitution-of-sedentary-behavior-and-physical-activity-on-function
#18
Nicholas L Lerma, Chi C Cho, Ann M Swartz, Nora E Miller, Kevin G Keenan, Scott J Strath
The amount of time spent in sedentary behaviors (SB) progressively increases with age, while reducing time spent in light (LPA) and moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA). These trajectories in PA and SB are linked to accelerated reductions in physical functioning. PURPOSE: To examine the association of substituting SB time with LPA and MVPA on physical function in older adults. METHODS: Ninety-one older adults (mean age: 70.7 ± 10.2 yr) wore a hip-mounted accelerometer to measure SB, LPA, and MVPA time...
November 14, 2017: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132301/measuring-frailty-in-clinical-practice-a-comparison-of-physical-frailty-assessment-methods-in-a-geriatric-out-patient-clinic
#19
J M Pritchard, C C Kennedy, S Karampatos, G Ioannidis, B Misiaszek, S Marr, C Patterson, T Woo, A Papaioannou
BACKGROUND: The objectives of this study were to determine: 1) the prevalence of frailty using Fried's phenotype method and the Short Performance Physical Battery (SPPB), 2) agreement between frailty assessment methods, 3) the feasibility of assessing frailty using Fried's phenotype method and the SPPB. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted at a geriatric out-patient clinic in Hamilton, Canada. A research assistant conducted all frailty assessments. Patients were classified as non-frail, pre-frail or frail according to Fried's phenotype method and the SPPB...
November 13, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096630/trajectories-of-physical-function-prior-to-death-and-brain-neuropathology-in-a-community-based-cohort-the-act-study
#20
Andrea Z LaCroix, Rebecca A Hubbard, Shelly L Gray, Melissa L Anderson, Paul K Crane, Joshua A Sonnen, Oleg Zaslavsky, Eric B Larson
BACKGROUND: Mechanisms linking cognitive and physical functioning in older adults are unclear. We sought to determine whether brain pathological changes relate to the level or rate of physical performance decline. METHODS: This study analyzed data from 305 participants in the autopsy subcohort of the prospective Adult Changes in Thought (ACT) study. Participants were aged 65+ and free of dementia at enrollment. Physical performance was measured at baseline and every two years using the Short Physical Performance Battery (SPPB)...
November 2, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
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