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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28883721/determinants-of-each-domain-of-the-short-physical-performance-battery-in-copd
#1
Roberto Bernabeu-Mora, Luz M Giménez-Giménez, Joaquina Montilla-Herrador, Gloria García-Guillamón, José Antonio García-Vidal, Francesc Medina-Mirapeix
BACKGROUND: The Short Physical Performance Battery (SPPB) is an assessment tool with good prognostic value in COPD. It includes the following: standing balance, 4 m gait speed test (4MGS), and the timed five-repetition sit-to-stand test (5STS). The specific differences in determinants between these three tasks have not been adequately characterized in COPD patients. We aimed to identify health-related, functional, and psychological determinants of each SPPB test. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional analysis of 137 patients with stable COPD...
2017: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28860427/feasibility-and-acceptability-of-using-jumping-mechanography-to-detect-early-components-of-sarcopenia-in-community-dwelling-older-women
#2
K Hannam, A Hartley, E M Clark, A Aihie Sayer, J H Tobias, C L Gregson
OBJECTIVE: To determine the feasibility and acceptability of using peak power and force, measured by jumping mechanography (JM), to detect early age-related features of sarcopenia in older women. METHODS: Community-dwelling women aged 71-87 years were recruited into this cross-sectional study. Physical function tests comprised the short physical performance battery (SPPB), grip strength and, if SPPB score≥6, JM. JM measured peak weight-adjusted power and force from two-footed jumps and one-legged hops respectively...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Musculoskeletal & Neuronal Interactions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28835180/clinical-relevance-of-the-modified-physical-performance-test-versus-the-short-physical-performance-battery-for-detecting-mobility-impairments-in-older-men-with-peripheral-arterial-disease
#3
Odessa Addison, Rishi Kundi, Alice S Ryan, Andrew P Goldberg, Richa Patel, Brajesh K Lal, Steven J Prior
PURPOSE: The study is to compare the Modified Physical Performance Test (MPPT) and Short Physical Performance Battery (SPPB) as metrics of mobility and function in older men with peripheral arterial disease (PAD). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 51 men (55-87 years) with PAD underwent functional testing including the SPPB, MPPT, Walking Impairment Questionnaire (WIQ), stair ascent, and 6-min walk distance. Individuals were grouped according to SPPB and MPPT scores as not limited on either, limited only on the MPPT, or limited on both...
August 23, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28831714/omega-3-fatty-acid-levels-in-red-blood-cell-membranes-and-physical-decline-over-3%C3%A2-years-longitudinal-data-from-the-mapt-study
#4
Bertrand Fougère, Sabine Goisser, Christelle Cantet, Gaëlle Soriano, Sophie Guyonnet, Philipe De Souto Barreto, Matteo Cesari, Sandrine Andrieu, Bruno Vellas
Studies have shown that omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) are associated with brain, cardiovascular, and immune function, as well as physical performance and bone health in older adults. So far, few studies have investigated the associations between PUFA status and performance-based tests of physical function. The objective of this study was to investigate the associations between the omega-3 PUFA levels (eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA), docosahexaenoic acid (DHA)) in red blood cell (RBC) membranes and physical performance, in a sample of community-dwelling older adults...
August 22, 2017: GeroScience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820909/dose-of-physical-activity-physical-functioning-and-disability-risk-in-mobility-limited-older-adults-results-from-the-life-study-randomized-trial
#5
Roger A Fielding, Jack M Guralnik, Abby C King, Marco Pahor, Mary M McDermott, Catrine Tudor-Locke, Todd M Manini, Nancy W Glynn, Anthony P Marsh, Robert S Axtell, Fang-Chi Hsu, W Jack Rejeski
Understanding the minimal dose of physical activity required to achieve improvement in physical functioning and reductions in disability risk is necessary to inform public health recommendations. To examine the effect of physical activity dose on changes in physical functioning and the onset of major mobility disability in The Lifestyle Interventions and Independence for Elders (LIFE) Study. We conducted a multicenter single masked randomized controlled trial that enrolled participants in 2010 and 2011 and followed them for an average of 2...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818422/feasibility-and-effects-of-a-physical-activity-program-using-gerontechnology-in-assisted-living-communities-for-older-adults
#6
Martine Lauzé, Dominic D Martel, Mylène Aubertin-Leheudre
BACKGROUND: The number of older adults residing in assisted living communities is increasing. Despite the benefits of physical activity (PA) on physical and cognitive capacities, and the opportunities for being active offered in these living environments, this population is highly sedentary and more at risk of physical decline. This study aimed to assess the feasibility, the acceptability, and the effects of PA intervention using gerontechnology in assisted living communities. METHODS: Forty-two older adults in 4 assisted living communities were recruited and randomly assigned to an exercise intervention group (EX) or a control group (CON) using a 2:1 ratio...
August 14, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813696/effects-of-standardized-home-training-in-patients-with-cognitive-impairment-following-geriatric-rehabilitation-a-randomized-controlled-pilot-study
#7
Klaus Hauer, Phoebe Ullrich, Ilona Dutzi, Rainer Beurskens, Sylvia Kern, Jürgen Bauer, Michael Schwenk
BACKGROUND: Post-ward geriatric rehabilitation programs have hardly been developed and validated, which leaves a substantial gap in rehabilitative care in older adults and hinders full exploitation of maintained, but often unrecognized rehabilitation potentials. Geriatric rehabilitation patients with cognitive impairment represent a highly vulnerable population which is often affected by a lack of an ongoing support at the intersection between ward-based and post-ward rehabilitation. OBJECTIVE: To determine the effect of a standardized home-based training program in geriatric patients with cognitive impairment following ward-based rehabilitation...
August 17, 2017: Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800755/the-influence-of-3%C3%A2-months-of-physical-exercises-and-verbal-stimulation-on-functional-efficiency-and-use-of-free-time-in-an-older-population-under-institutional-care-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#8
Agnieszka Wiśniowska-Szurlej, Agnieszka Ćwirlej-Sozańska, Anna Wilmowska-Pietruszyńska, Natalia Milewska, Bernard Sozański
BACKGROUND: In recent years, there has been a significant change in the demographics of developed countries, including an increase in the number of older people. This aging population and the associated need for medical care and assistance places great strain on health care systems worldwide. In older populations, improved knowledge and understanding of the relationship between moderate exercise and health might result in greater motivation to engage in such activity; thus improving the overall health of this population...
August 11, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770478/how-clinical-practitioners-assess-frailty-in-their-daily-practice-an-international-survey
#9
Olivier Bruyère, Fanny Buckinx, Charlotte Beaudart, Jean-Yves Reginster, Juergen Bauer, Tommy Cederholm, Antonio Cherubini, Cyrus Cooper, Alfonso Jose Cruz-Jentoft, Francesco Landi, Stefania Maggi, René Rizzoli, Avan Aihie Sayer, Cornel Sieber, Bruno Vellas, Matteo Cesari
INTRODUCTION: Various operational definitions have been proposed to assess the frailty condition among older individuals. Our objective was to assess how practitioners measure the geriatric syndrome of frailty in their daily routine. METHODS: An online survey was sent to national geriatric societies affiliated to the European Union Geriatric Medicine Society (EUGMS) and to members of the European Society for Clinical and Economic Aspects of Osteoporosis, Osteoarthritis and Musculoskeletal Diseases (ESCEO)...
August 2, 2017: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28755415/accelerometer-measured-moderate-to-vigorous-physical-activity-and-incidence-rates-of-falls-in-older-women
#10
David M Buchner, Eileen Rillamas-Sun, Chongzhi Di, Michael J LaMonte, Stephen W Marshall, Julie Hunt, Yuzheng Zhang, Dori E Rosenberg, I-Min Lee, Kelly R Evenson, Amy H Herring, Cora E Lewis, Marcia L Stefanick, Andrea Z LaCroix
OBJECTIVES: To examine whether moderate to vigorous physical activity (MVPA) measured using accelerometry is associated with incident falls and whether associations differ according to physical function or history of falls. DESIGN: Prospective study with baseline data collection from 2012 to 2014 and 1 year of follow-up. SETTING: Women's Health Initiative participants living in the United States. PARTICIPANTS: Ambulatory women aged 63 to 99 (N = 5,545)...
July 29, 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743505/short-physical-performance-battery-usual-gait-speed-grip-strength-and-vulnerable-elders-survey-each-predict-functional-decline-among-older-women-with-breast-cancer
#11
Cynthia Owusu, Seunghee Margevicius, Mark Schluchter, Siran M Koroukian, Nathan A Berger
OBJECTIVE: To determine the ability of three performance-based measures [Short Physical Performance Battery (SPPB), gait speed, and Grip Strength] and a self-report measure [Vulnerable Elders Survey (VES-13)] to predict functional decline among older women with breast cancer. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Longitudinal data from a study of women ≥65years, with newly diagnosed stages I-III breast cancer, recruited from ambulatory oncology clinics between July 2010 and April 2014, was used...
July 22, 2017: Journal of Geriatric Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28740035/six-month-lower-limb-aerobic-exercise-improves-physical-function-in-young-old-old-old-and-oldest-old-adults
#12
Chaeyoon Cho, Changwan Han, Misun Sung, Chaewon Lee, Minji Kim, Yoshiko Ogawa, Masahiro Kohzuki
The effect of aerobic exercise on physical function and mental health in various adult age groups (young-old, 65-74; old-old, 75-84; oldest-old, ≥ 85 years) is unclear. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of the Kohzuki Exercise Program (KEP) on physical function and mental health in these age groups. The KEP consisted of 40-min supervised sessions 3 times per week for 6 months as follows: 5 min of warm-up, 30 min of lower limb aerobic exercise, and 5 min of cool-down. A total of 50 participants (22 young-old, 20 old-old, and 8 oldest-old) who participated in the KEP completed at least 88% of the sessions...
August 2017: Tohoku Journal of Experimental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729308/the-effect-of-combined-resistance-exercise-training-and-vitamin-d3-supplementation-on-musculoskeletal-health-and-function-in-older-adults-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#13
Anneka Elizabeth Antoniak, Carolyn A Greig
OBJECTIVES: In older adults, there is a blunted responsiveness to resistance training and reduced muscle hypertrophy compared with younger adults. There is evidence that both exercise training and vitamin D supplementation may benefit musculoskeletal health in older adults, and it is plausible that in combination their effects may be additive. The aim of this systematic review was to evaluate the effectiveness of combined resistance exercise training and vitamin D3 supplementation on musculoskeletal health in older adults...
July 20, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721555/the-value-of-physical-performance-measurements-alongside-assessment-of-sarcopenia-in-predicting-receipt-and-completion-of-planned-treatment-in-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-an-observational-exploratory-study
#14
Jemima T Collins, Simon Noble, John Chester, Helen E Davies, William D Evans, Daniel Farewell, Jason F Lester, Diane Parry, Rebecca Pettit, Anthony Byrne
INTRODUCTION: The presence of muscle mass depletion is associated with poor outcomes and survival in cancer. Alongside muscle mass, assessment of muscle strength or physical performance is essential for the diagnosis of sarcopenia. Non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is a prevalent form of cancer with high mortality, and Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) Performance Status (PS) is commonly used to assess patients' suitability for treatment. However, a significant proportion of patients with good PS are unable to complete multidisciplinary team (MDT)-planned treatment...
July 18, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718754/rhythmic-interlimb-coordination-impairments-are-associated-with-mobility-limitations-among-older-adults
#15
Eric G James, Suzanne G Leveille, Jeffrey M Hausdorff, Thomas Travison, Sarah Cote, Philip Conatser, Murat Karabulut, Andrea C Mendes, David N Kennedy, Katherine L Tucker, Soham Al Snih, Kyriakos S Markides, Jonathan F Bean
Background/Study Context: Mobility limitations affect more than 25% of adults aged 70 years or older. This study tested the hypothesis that impairments in ankle and shoulder coordination are associated with mobility limitations among older adults. METHODS: his study consisted of conducted a cross-sectional analysis from a sample of community-dwelling older adults (N = 130) aged ≥67 years. Motion capture equipment was used to collect kinematic data during rhythmic antiphase coordination of the right and left: (a) ankles moving in dorsi-plantarflexion; and (b) glenohumeral ("shoulder") moving in flexion-extension while paced by an auditory metronome...
July 2017: Experimental Aging Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718297/determination-of-aerobic-capacity-via-cycle-ergometer-exercise-testing-in-alzheimer-s-disease
#16
Ulf G Bronas, Dereck Salisbury, Kaitlin Kelly, Arthur Leon, Lisa Chow, Fang Yu
BACKGROUND: Older adults with Alzheimer's disease (AD) may be unable to perform treadmill testing due to balance issues. We investigated whether older adults with AD could successfully complete a peak cycle ergometer test. METHODS: Peak oxygen consumption (peak [Formula: see text]) assessed via a cycle ergometer test in 44 participants with AD (age 78.4 ± 6.8). Physical function was assessed via the incremental shuttle walk, 6-minute walk, and the Short Physical Performance Battery (SPPB)...
January 1, 2017: American Journal of Alzheimer's Disease and Other Dementias
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717812/a-new-adaptive-home-based-exercise-technology-among-older-adults-living-in-nursing-home-a-pilot-study-on-feasibility-acceptability-and-physical-performance
#17
V Valiani, M Lauzé, D Martel, M Pahor, T M Manini, S Anton, M Aubertin-Leheudre
OBJECTIVES: To explore the feasibility and acceptability of a new home-based exercise technology among older adults and to evaluate its efficacy on physical performance measures. DESIGN: Longitudinal clinical trial. SETTING: Oak Hammock at the University of Florida, a nursing home located in Gainesville, Florida. PARTICIPANTS: Twelve pre-disabled older adults (≥75 years) living in a nursing home with a Short Physical Performance Battery (SPPB) score between 6 and 9 and no diagnosis of dementia...
2017: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710900/pre-kidney-transplant-lower-extremity-impairment-and-post-transplant-mortality
#18
Anthony J Nastasi, Mara A McAdams-DeMarco, Jennifer Schrack, Hao Ying, Israel Olorundare, Fatima Warsame, Alexandra Mountford, Christine E Haugen, Marlís González Fernández, Silas P Norman, Dorry L Segev
Prediction models for post-kidney transplant (KT) mortality have had limited success (C-statistics≤0.70). Adding objective measures of potentially modifiable factors may improve prediction and, consequently, KT survival through intervention. The short physical performance battery (SPPB) is an easily administered objective test of lower extremity function consisting of three parts (balance, walking speed, chair stands), each with scores of 0-4, for a composite score of 0-12, with higher scores indicating better function...
July 15, 2017: American Journal of Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701206/physical-activity-level-in-people-with-age-related-white-matter-changes-correlates-to-better-motor-performance-lower-comorbidity-and-higher-cognitive-level
#19
Anna F Pettersson, Lars-Olof Wahlund, Lena Bronge, Elisabeth Olsson, Kaarina Amberla, Hansjoerg Baezner, Milita Crisby
BACKGROUND: Physical activity plays a pivotal role in the development of disability and may modify the negative effect of vascular risk factors on progression of both cardio and cerebrovascular disorders. The aim of this study was to evaluate the activity level in people with age-related white matter changes as identified on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in relation to motor performance, cognition and perceived health. METHODS: Data came from the first year follow up of one participating centers of the LADIS study...
July 12, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28696084/can-vitamin-d-deficiency-influence-muscle-performance-in-post-menopausal-women-a-multicenter-retrospective-study
#20
Giovanni Iolascon, Giulia Letizia Mauro, Pietro Fiore, Carlo Cisari, Maria Grazia Benedetti, Lorenzo Panella, Alessandro DE Sire, Dario Calafiore, Antimo Moretti, Francesca Gimigliano
BACKGROUND: The presence of the vitamin D receptor (VDR) has been recently demonstrated in human muscle supporting the theory of a role of vitamin D in the proliferation and differentiation of muscle cells. So far only few studies investigated the association between vitamin D and muscle performance in post-menopausal women. AIM: To define the functional impact of vitamin D deficiency. DESIGN: Multicenter retrospective study. SETTING: Five Italian outpatient services of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine (PRM)...
July 10, 2017: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
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