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Hee-Jae Kim, Ilhyoek Park, Hyo Joo Lee, On Lee
PURPOSE: Gait speed is an important objective values associated with several health-related outcomes including functional mobility in aging people. However, walking test methodologies and descriptions are not standardized considering specific aims of research. This study examine the reliability and validity of gait speed measured at various distances and paces in elderly Koreans. METHODS: Fifty-four female participants ≥70 years of age were recruited from a local retirement community...
September 2016: Journal of Exercise Nutrition & Biochemistry
Dimitri Taurino Guedes, Afshin Vafaei, Beatriz Eugenia Alvarado, Carmen Lucia Curcio, Jack M Guralnik, María Victoria Zunzunegui, Ricardo Oliveira Guerra
BACKGROUND: Life course exposure to violence may lead to disability in old age. We examine associations and pathways between life course violence and mobility disability in older participants of the International Mobility in Aging Study (IMIAS). METHODS: A cross-sectional study using IMIAS 2012 baseline. Men and women aged 65-74 years were recruited at 5 cities (n=1995): Kingston and Saint-Hyacinthe (Canada), Tirana (Albania), Manizales (Colombia) and Natal (Brazil)...
October 13, 2016: BMJ Open
Nicola Veronese, Brendon Stubbs, Caterina Trevisan, Francesco Bolzetta, Marina De Rui, Stefania Maggi, Leonardo Sartori, Estella Musacchio, Sabina Zambon, Egle Perissinotto, Marianna Noale, Gaetano Crepaldi, Enzo Manzato, Giuseppe Sergi
OBJECTIVES: Hyperuricemia (HU) is frequent in older people and associated with several medical conditions. The relationship between HU and physical performance is limited. We aimed to investigate the association between HU and physical performance over a 4.4 year follow-up in the elderly. METHODS: 1,904 community-dwelling older participants were followed for a mean of 4.4 years. HU at baseline was defined using serum uric acid (SUA) concentrations ≥ 6 and 7 mg/dl for women and men, respectively...
October 9, 2016: Arthritis Care & Research
Norbert M Verweij, Anandi H W Schiphorst, Apollo Pronk, Frederiek van den Bos, Marije E Hamaker
BACKGROUND: Decision making regarding cancer treatment is challenging and there is a need for clinical parameters that can guide these decisions. As physical performance appears to be a reflection of health status, the aim of this systematic review is to assess whether physical performance tests (PPTs) are predictive of the clinical outcome and treatment tolerance in cancer patients. METHODS: A literature search was conducted on 2 April 2015 in the electronic databases Medline and Embase to identify studies focusing on the association between objectively measured PPTs and outcome...
October 8, 2016: Acta Oncologica
V Soler, S Sourdet, L Balardy, G Abellan van Kan, D Brechemier, M E Rougé-Bugat, N Tavassoli, M Cassagne, F Malecaze, F Nourhashémi, B Vellas
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate visual performance and factors associated with abnormal vision in patients screened for frailty at the Geriatric Frailty Clinic (GFC) for Assessment of Frailty and Prevention of Disability at Toulouse University Hospital. DESIGN: Retrospective, observational cross-sectional, single-centre study. SETTING: Institutional practice. PARTICIPANTS: Patients were screened for frailty during a single-day hospital stay between October 2011 and October 2014 (n = 1648)...
2016: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
S Chode, T K Malmstrom, D K Miller, J E Morley
BACKGROUND: Older adult frail diabetics have high mortality risk, but data are limited regarding frail late middle-aged diabetics, especially for African-Americans. The aim of this study is to examine the association of diabetes with health outcomes and frailty in the African American Health (AAH) study. METHODS: AAH is a population-based longitudinal cohort study. Participants were African Americans (N=998) ages 49 to 65 years at baseline. Cross-sectional comparisons for diabetes included disability, function, physical performance, cytokines, and frailty...
2016: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
Evan P McConnell, Robin M Queen
BACKGROUND: Functional recovery following total ankle arthroplasty (TAA) is assessed with patient-reported metrics, but physical performance tests may allow for a more accurate assessment of patient function. We quantified correlations between patient-reported measures and physical performance tests in patients after TAA to determine the usefulness of physical performance tests in post-TAA assessment. METHODS: In total, 140 patients with end-stage ankle osteoarthritis were assessed prior to TAA and again at 12 and 24 months postoperatively...
October 2, 2016: Foot & Ankle International
Rebecca M Henderson, X Iris Leng, Elizabeth A Chmelo, Tina E Brinkley, Mary F Lyles, Anthony P Marsh, Barbara J Nicklas
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the comparative effect of aerobic training (AT) versus resistance training (RT) on gait speed, a strong predictor of disability. AIMS: To compare the effect of AT versus RT on gait speed and other functional measures. METHODS: Overweight and obese [body mass index (BMI) ≥27.0 kg/m(2)] sedentary men and women aged 65-79 years engaged in 5 months of either 4 days/weeks moderate-intensity treadmill walking, AT, (n = 44) or 3 days/weeks moderate-intensity RT (n = 56)...
September 28, 2016: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
Alan M Rathbun, Michelle Shardell, Denise Orwig, Ann L Gruber-Baldini, Glenn Ostir, Gregory E Hicks, Ram R Miller, Marc C Hochberg, Jay Magaziner
OBJECTIVES: To compare the effect of prefracture depressive illness and postfracture depressive symptoms on changes in physical performance after hip fracture. DESIGN: Longitudinal observational cohort. SETTING: Baltimore metropolitan area. PARTICIPANTS: Older adults with hip fracture (N = 255). MEASUREMENTS: Prefracture depressive illness (from medical records) at baseline and postfracture depressive symptoms at 2 months (using the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale) were measured...
September 27, 2016: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
Heidi D Klepin, Janet A Tooze, Timothy S Pardee, Leslie R Ellis, Dmitriy Berenzon, Shannon L Mihalko, Suzanne C Danhauer, Arati V Rao, Tanya M Wildes, Jeff D Williamson, Bayard L Powell, Stephen B Kritchevsky
OBJECTIVES: To measure short-term changes in physical and cognitive function and emotional well-being of older adults receiving intensive chemotherapy for acute myeloid leukemia (AML). DESIGN: Prospective observational study. SETTING: Single academic institution. PARTICIPANTS: Individuals aged 60 and older with newly diagnosed AML who received induction chemotherapy (N = 49, mean age 70 ± 6.2, 56% male). MEASUREMENTS: Geriatric assessment (GA) was performed during inpatient examination for AML and within 8 weeks after hospital discharge after induction chemotherapy...
September 14, 2016: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
Ellisiv Lærum Jacobsen, Therese Brovold, Astrid Bergland, Asta Bye
OBJECTIVES: Data on acute geriatric patients' nutritional status are lacking, and the associations among physical function, sarcopenia, health status and nutritional status are not sufficiently investigated in this population. The aims of this study are to investigate (1) nutritional status and sarcopenia in a group of acute geriatric patients, (2) the association between nutritional status, physical function and sarcopenia in acute geriatric patients, controlling for health status. DESIGN: A cross-sectional study...
2016: BMJ Open
A Kapan, E Luger, S Haider, S Titze, K Schindler, C Lackinger, T E Dorner
BACKGROUND: In older adults, fear of falling (FOF) leads to a decline in daily physical activity quality of life and an increased risk of falling. The aim of this randomised controlled trial was to assess the effects of a 12-week home-based intervention program carried out by lay volunteers on FOF in frail older adults. METHODS: Thirty-nine participants were randomised to a physical training and nutrition (PTN) group and 41 participants to a social support (SOSU) group...
August 28, 2016: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
Ellen L McGough, Cynthia A Robinson, Mark D Nelson, Raymond Houle, Gabriell Fraser, Leslie Handley, Emilie R Jones, Dagmar Amtmann, Valerie E Kelly
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Individuals with Parkinson disease (PD) have motor and nonmotor impairments that interfere with exercise participation. The purpose of this study was to examine the feasibility and physical performance outcomes of a community-based indoor tandem cycling program that was designed to facilitate a higher cadence, consistency, and intensity of training. METHODS: Forty-one participants with mild to moderate PD were enrolled. A high-cadence cycling protocol using mechanically augmented (or forced) exercise on a tandem bicycle was adapted for our program...
October 2016: Journal of Neurologic Physical Therapy: JNPT
Andrew S Layne, Fang-Chi Hsu, Steven N Blair, Shyh-Huei Chen, Jennifer Dungan, Roger A Fielding, Nancy W Glynn, Alexandra M Hajduk, Abby C King, Todd M Manini, Anthony P Marsh, Marco Pahor, Christine A Pellegrini, Thomas W Buford
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the extent of variability in functional responses among participants in the LIFE study, and to identify the relative contributions of intervention adherence, physical activity, and demographic and health characteristics to this variability. DESIGN: Secondary analysis of the Lifestyle Interventions and Independence for Elders (LIFE) study. SETTING: Multicenter U.S. institutions participating in the LIFE study. PARTICIPANTS: A volunteer sample of 1635 sedentary men and women aged 70 to 89 years who were able to walk 400 m, but had physical limitations, defined as a score on the Short Physical Performance Battery (SPPB) of ≤9...
August 24, 2016: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
Masakazu Saitoh, Masumi Ogawa, Marcelo Rodrigues Dos Santos, Hisae Kondo, Kiichi Suga, Haruki Itoh, Yoichiro Tabata
Patients under hemodialysis present protein-energy wasting (PEW), which is related with higher mortality rates. The study aimed to determine whether intradialytic resistance exercise training could improve physical performance, physical activity, and PEW in hemodialysis patients. In single center study, 75 hemodialysis patients were enrolled in an intradialytic resistance exercise training consisting of 20 min of adapted leg press, with a gymnastic ball, 3 days/week, during 9 months on the same day of hemodialysis therapy...
August 15, 2016: Therapeutic Apheresis and Dialysis
M P Corcoran, K K H Chui, D K White, K F Reid, D Kirn, M E Nelson, J M Sacheck, S C Folta, R A Fielding
OBJECTIVES: To describe levels of physical activity among older adults residing at assisted care facilities and their association with physical function. DESIGN: Cross-sectional analysis. SETTING: Assisted care facilities within the greater Boston, MA area. PARTICIPANTS: Older adults aged 65 years and older (N = 65). MEASUREMENTS: Physical Activity Level (PAL) as defined by quartiles from accelerometry (counts and steps), Short Physical Performance Battery (SPPB) Score, gait speed, and handgrip strength...
2016: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
Puneeta Tandon, Navdeep Tangri, Lesley Thomas, Laura Zenith, Tahira Shaikh, Michelle Carbonneau, Mang Ma, Robert J Bailey, Saumya Jayakumar, Kelly W Burak, Juan G Abraldes, Amanda Brisebois, Thomas Ferguson, Sumit R Majumdar
OBJECTIVES: Screening tools to determine which outpatients with cirrhosis are at highest risk for unplanned hospitalization are lacking. Frailty is a novel prognostic factor but conventional screening for frailty is time consuming. We evaluated the ability of a 1 min bedside screen (Clinical Frailty Scale (CFS)) to predict unplanned hospitalization or death in outpatients with cirrhosis and compared the CFS with two conventional frailty measures (Fried Frailty Criteria (FFC) and Short Physical Performance Battery (SPPB))...
August 2, 2016: American Journal of Gastroenterology
Nicola Veronese, Brendon Stubbs, Luigi Fontana, Caterina Trevisan, Francesco Bolzetta, Marina De Rui, Leonardo Sartori, Estella Musacchio, Sabina Zambon, Stefania Maggi, Egle Perissinotto, Maria Chiara Corti, Gaetano Crepaldi, Enzo Manzato, Giuseppe Sergi
BACKGROUND: Physical performance is an important predictor of mortality, but little is known on the comparative prognostic utility of different objective physical performance tests in community-dwelling older adults. We compared the prognostic usefulness of several objective physical performance tests on mortality, adjusting our analyses for potential confounders. METHODS: Among 3,099 older community-dwelling participants included in the Progetto Veneto Anziani study, 2,096 were followed for a mean of 4...
July 28, 2016: Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
Francesco Landi, Riccardo Calvani, Matteo Tosato, Anna Maria Martone, Roberto Bernabei, Graziano Onder, Emanuele Marzetti
OBJECTIVE: Sarcopaenia and physical function impairment may have a greater effect on survival than other clinical characteristics, including multimorbidity. In this study, we evaluated the impact of sarcopaenia on all-cause mortality and the interaction among muscle loss, physical function impairment and multimorbidity on mortality risk over 10 years in older community-dwellers. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. SETTING: Population-based study...
2016: BMJ Open
Anne B Newman, John A Dodson, Timothy S Church, Thomas W Buford, Roger A Fielding, Stephen Kritchevsky, Daniel Beavers, Marco Pahor, Randall S Stafford, Anita D Szady, Walter T Ambrosius, Mary M McDermott
IMPORTANCE: Whether sustained physical activity prevents cardiovascular disease (CVD) events in older adults is uncertain. OBJECTIVE: To test the hypothesis that cardiovascular morbidity and mortality would be reduced in participants in a long-term physical activity program. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: The Lifestyle Interventions and Independence for Elders (LIFE) study was a multicenter, randomized trial. Participants were recruited at 8 centers in the United States...
August 1, 2016: JAMA Cardiology
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