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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092833/study-of-molecular-interactions-between-chitosan-and-vi-antigen
#1
Natália de Farias Silva, Raimundo Lopes da Silva, Kalene de Oliveira Almeida, Antônio Edilson Sousa do Nascimento-Júnior, Davi do Socorro Barros Brasil, José Otávio Carréra Silva-Júnior, Francisco Martins Teixeira, Roseane Maria Ribeiro-Costa
Chitosan has attracted much interest due to its special physical and chemical properties related to drug administration. Nanoparticles delivery systems from Vi Antigen are a promising approach in the struggle against typhoid fever. In this paper, we reported the obtainment and the characterization of Vi Antigen by Infrared spectroscopy as well as Molecular Modeling and Computational Chemistry studies of the Chitosan-Vi Antigen interaction through theoretical models. The results of the theoretical and experimental Infrared spectroscopy showed important bands related to N-Acetyl and O-Acetyl groups present in Vi Antigen...
December 31, 2016: Journal of Molecular Graphics & Modelling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092819/silver-nanoparticles-supported-over-mesoporous-alumina-as-an-efficient-nanocatalyst-for-n-alkylation-of-hetero-aromatic-amines-and-aromatic-amines-using-alcohols-as-alkylating-agent
#2
Priyanka Paul, Piyali Bhanja, Noor Salam, Usha Mandi, Asim Bhaumik, Seikh Mafiz Alam, Sk Manirul Islam
We have successfully embedded rhombohedral crystallites of silver nanoparticles (Ag-NPs) over mesoporous alumina (Ag@Al2O3) material for the first time. The Ag@Al2O3 has been characterized by powder X-ray diffraction (PXRD), ultra high resolution transmission electron microscopy (UHR-TEM), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), N2 adsorption/desorption isotherm, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), ultraviolet-visible absorption spectra (UV-Vis), and thermogravimetric analysis (TGA). The PXRD confirms the presence of the rhombohedral phase of Ag nanoparticles...
January 3, 2017: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092818/heterostructured-znfe2o4-tio2-nanotube-arrays-with-remarkable-visible-light-photoelectrocatalytic-performance-and-stability
#3
Shan Xie, Ke Ouyang, Yueming Lao, Peihao He, Qun Wang
A series of heterostructured ZnFe2O4/TiO2-nanotube arrays (NTAs) with remarkable visible-light photoelectrocatalytic (PEC) activity were successfully prepared via a two-step process of anodization and impregnation, followed by annealing. The structure and morphology of the as-prepared ZnFe2O4/TiO2-NTAs samples, PEC degradation abilities and photoelectrochemical performances, as well as long-term stabilities toward degradation of methyl orange (MO) solution under visible-light irradiation were deeply investigated...
January 7, 2017: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092816/encapsulation-of-cisplatin-in-a-pegylated-calcium-phosphate-nanoparticle-cpnp-for-enhanced-cytotoxicity-to-cancerous-cells
#4
Yang Ding, Kang Zhai, Pei Pei, Yue Lin, Yinchu Ma, Huixia Zhu, Mingfeng Shao, Xianzhu Yang, Wei Tao
HYPOTHESIS: Exchange of the chloride ion (Cl(-)) ligands of cisplatin with carboxylates is widely used in fabricating cisplatin loaded nanoparticles for improved cancer therapy. However, the dynamic exchange may cause premature cisplatin release and even disintegration of the nanoparticles in Cl(-)-containing medium such as in plasma. Molecules bearing carboxylates are capable of mediating the mineralization process of calcium phosphate; therefore, it is possible to overcome the disadvantage by sequestering cisplatin in a calcium phosphate nanoparticle (CPNP)...
January 11, 2017: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092634/correlation-of-cation-distribution-with-the-hyperfine-and-magnetic-behaviour-of-ni0-3zn0-4co0-2cu0-1fe2o4-nanoparticles-and-their-microwave-absorption-properties-when-encapsulated-in-multi-walled-carbon-nanotubes
#5
Madhumita Dalal, Ayan Mallick, Jean-Marc Greneche, Dipankar Das, Pabitra K Chakrabarti
Nanocrystalline samples of Ni0.3Zn0.4Co0.2Cu0.1Fe2O4 (NZCCF) are prepared by a simple co-precipitation method. To obtain nanoparticles of different sizes, the as prepared sample is annealed at 400, 600, 800 and 1000 °C. Nanoparticles of the sample annealed at 600 °C are encapsulated in multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNT). To confirm the crystallographic phase, x-ray diffraction (XRD) patterns are analyzed by the Rietveld method and cation distribution in A- and B-sites is estimated from the analysis. Occupancy of Zn(2+) ions in A-site and that of Fe(3+) ions in B-site increase with the increase of annealing temperature (T A) and lattice parameters lie within 8...
January 16, 2017: Journal of Physics. Condensed Matter: An Institute of Physics Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092499/nanoparticles-for-sirna-based-gene-silencing-in-tumor-therapy
#6
Anish Babu, Ranganayaki Muralidharan, Narsireddy Amreddy, Meghna Mehta, Anupama Munshi, Rajagopal Ramesh
Gene silencing through RNA interference (RNAi) has emerged as a potential strategy in manipulating cancer causing genes by complementary base-pairing mechanism. Small interfering RNA (siRNA) is an important RNAi tool that has found significant application in cancer therapy. However due to lack of stability, poor cellular uptake and high probability of loss-of-function due to degradation, siRNA therapeutic strategies seek safe and efficient delivery vehicles for in vivo applications. The current review discusses various nanoparticle systems currently used for siRNA delivery for cancer therapy, with emphasis on liposome based gene delivery systems...
December 2016: IEEE Transactions on Nanobioscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092436/single-upconversion-nanoparticle-bacterium-cotrapping-for-single-bacterium-labeling-and-analysis
#7
Hongbao Xin, Yuchao Li, Dekang Xu, Yueli Zhang, Chia-Hung Chen, Baojun Li
Detecting and analyzing pathogenic bacteria in an effective and reliable manner is crucial for the diagnosis of acute bacterial infection and initial antibiotic therapy. However, the precise labeling and analysis of bacteria at the single-bacterium level are a technical challenge but very important to reveal important details about the heterogeneity of cells and responds to environment. This study demonstrates an optical strategy for single-bacterium labeling and analysis by the cotrapping of single upconversion nanoparticles (UCNPs) and bacteria together...
January 16, 2017: Small
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092430/optimal-reactivity-and-improved-self-healing-capability-of-structurally-dynamic-polymers-grafted-on-janus-nanoparticles-governed-by-chain-stiffness-and-spatial-organization
#8
Guoxi Xu, Zihan Huang, Pengyu Chen, Tianqi Cui, Xinghua Zhang, Bing Miao, Li-Tang Yan
Structurally dynamic polymers are recognized as a key potential to revolutionize technologies ranging from design of self-healing materials to numerous biomedical applications. Despite intense research in this area, optimizing reactivity and thereby improving self-healing ability at the most fundamental level pose urgent issue for wider applications of such emerging materials. Here, the authors report the first mechanistic investigation of the fundamental principle for the dependence of reactivity and self-healing capabilities on the properties inherent to dynamic polymers by combining large-scale computer simulation, theoretical analysis, and experimental discussion...
January 16, 2017: Small
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092389/a-new-method-for-developing-defect-rich-graphene-nanoribbons-onion-like-carbon-co-nanoparticles-hybrid-materials-as-an-excellent-catalyst-for-oxygen-reactions
#9
Wenxiu Yang, Lulu Chen, Xiangjian Liu, Jianbo Jia, Shaojun Guo
Herein, a novel material with an excellent electrocatalytic activity for the oxygen reduction reaction (ORR), composed of onion-like carbon@Co nanoparticles (NPs) incorporated on defect-rich N-doped graphene nanoribbons (C@Co-NGR), is prepared via a combination of nitric acid etching and subsequent high-temperature treatment of the as-synthesized C@Co-N doped carbon nanotubes. The as-prepared C@Co-NGR exhibits excellent electrocatalytic activity for the ORR in 0.10 M KOH with a half-wave potential of 0.830 V (vs...
January 16, 2017: Nanoscale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092125/rattle-structured-upconversion-nanoparticles-for-near-ir-induced-suppression-of-alzheimer-s-%C3%AE-amyloid-aggregation
#10
Sukeun Kuk, Byung Il Lee, Joon Seok Lee, Chan Beum Park
Rose bengal (RB)-loaded upconverting nanocomposites are synthesized as a near-infrared (NIR)-responsive inhibitor of Aβ aggregation. Rattle-structured, organosilica shell (ROS) is deposited on NaYF4 :Yb,Er nanocrystals (UCNPs) for high loading efficiency and disaggregation of RB. RB/UCNP@ROS successfully inhibits Aβ self-assembly under NIR irradiation by generating (1) O2 . Furthermore, photoexcited RB/UCNP@ROS is effective in suppressing Aβ-induced cytotoxicity.
January 16, 2017: Small
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092122/how-size-determines-the-value-of-gold-economic-aspects-of-wet-chemical-and-laser-based-metal-colloid-synthesis
#11
Sandra Jendrzej, Bilal Gökce, Matthias Epple, Stephan Barcikowski
Gold is one of the most valuable materials, but its monetary value is even enhanced by size reduction from bullions to colloidal nanoparticles by a factor of 400. Wet-chemical reduction with subsequent centrifugation and pulsed laser ablation in liquids are frequently used for pure colloidal gold synthesis. Both methods provide similar physicochemical nanoparticle properties but are quite different synthesis techniques. However, surprisingly little is discussed about cost effects inherent to those methods. Both methods have in common that labor effort poses the majority of synthesis costs...
January 16, 2017: Chemphyschem: a European Journal of Chemical Physics and Physical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091991/trophic-transfer-and-effects-of-gold-nanoparticles-aunps-in-gammarus-fossarum-from-contaminated-periphytic-biofilm
#12
Magalie Baudrimont, Jennifer Andrei, Stéphane Mornet, Patrice Gonzalez, Nathalie Mesmer-Dudons, Pierre-Yves Gourves, Ali Jaffal, Odile Dedourge-Geffard, Alain Geffard, Olivier Geffard, Jeanne Garric, Agnès Feurtet-Mazel
This work addressed the trophic transfer and effects of functionalized gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) from periphytic biofilms to the crustacean Gammarus fossarum. Biofilms were exposed for 48 h to 10 nm positively charged functionalized AuNPs at two concentrations, 4.6 and 46 mg/L, and crustaceans G. fossarum grazed on these for 7 days, with daily biofilm renewal. Gold bioaccumulation in biofilm and crustacean were measured to estimate the trophic transfer ratio of these AuNP, and, for the first time, a transcriptomic approach and transmission electron microscopy observations in the crustacean were made...
January 13, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091953/fullerene-c60-penetration-into-leukemic-cells-and-its-photoinduced-cytotoxic-effects
#13
D Franskevych, K Palyvoda, D Petukhov, S Prylutska, I Grynyuk, C Schuetze, L Drobot, O Matyshevska, U Ritter
Fullerene C60 as a representative of carbon nanocompounds is suggested to be promising agent for application in photodynamic therapy due to its unique physicochemical properties. The goal of this study was to estimate the accumulation of fullerene C60 in leukemic cells and to investigate its phototoxic effect on parental and resistant to cisplatin leukemic cells. Stable homogeneous water colloid solution of pristine C60 with average 50-nm diameter of nanoparticles was used in experiments. Fluorescent labeled C60 was synthesized by covalent conjugation of C60 with rhodamine B isothiocyanate...
December 2017: Nanoscale Research Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091784/recognition-of-d-penicillamine-using-schiff-base-centered-fluorescent-organic-nanoparticles-and-application-to-medicine-analysis
#14
Prasad G Mahajan, Govind B Kolekar, Shivajirao R Patil
Schiff base centered fluorescent organic compound 1,1'-[(1E,2E)-hydrazine-1,2-diylidenedi(E)methylylidene]- dinaphthalen-2-ol (HN) was synthesized followed by spectral characterization viz., NMR, IR and Mass spectroscopy. The fluorescent nanoparticles of HN prepared using reprecipitation method shows red shifted aggregation induced enhanced emission (AIEE) with respect to HN solution in acetone. The average particle size of nanoparticles (HNNPs) is of 67.2 nm shows sphere shape morphology. The surfactant cetyltrimethyl ammonium bromide (CTAB) used to stabilize HNNPs induces positive charge surface with zeta potential of 11...
January 14, 2017: Journal of Fluorescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091783/lifetime-based-oxygen-sensing-properties-of-palladium-ii-and-platinum-ii-meso-tetrakis-4-phenylethynyl-phenylporphyrin
#15
Emel Önal, Stephan Saß, Jeanne Hurpin, Kadriye Ertekin, Sevinc Zehra Topal, Michael U Kumke, Catherine Hirel
High oxygen permeable [poly(TMSP)] nanofibers incorporating porphyrin macrocycle as luminescence indicators were prepared by electrospinning technique. The porphyrins involves were modified by i) introducing phenylacetylide substituents on the para position of the phenyl moieties and ii) varying the metal centers [Pt(II) or Pd(II)] of the meso-tetrakisphenylporphyrins. A set of nanofibers; (Pt-TPP)NF, (Pd-TPP)NF, (Pt-TPA)NF and (Pd-TPA)NF were obtained to study their structure-activity relationship toward oxygen...
January 14, 2017: Journal of Fluorescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091676/hemispherical-platinum%C3%A2-%C3%A2-silver-core%C3%A2-%C3%A2-shell-nanoparticles-for-mirna-detection
#16
Elaine Spain, Kellie Adamson, Mohammad Elshahawy, Isabella Bray, Tia E Keyes, Raymond L Stallings, Robert J Forster
Defects within a self-assembled monolayer (SAM) of dodecanethiol on gold have been used as nucleation sites for the electrodeposition of mushroom shaped platinum nanoparticles (PtNPs). The top surfaces of these PtNPs were then decorated with a layer of silver creating a hemispherical - platinum : silver core : shell nanoparticle (Pt-AgNP). Thiolated probe strand miRNA was then immobilised onto the upper silver surface. These regioselectively modified particles were desorbed by applying a current jump to yield nanoparticles capable of hybridising to a complementary miRNA target with electrocatalysis occurring on the non-functionalized lower surface...
January 16, 2017: Analyst
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091675/a-highly-sensitive-sers-based-platform-for-zn-ii-detection-in-cellular-media
#17
Hongjun Zhuang, Zhenzhen Wang, Xiangchun Zhang, James A Hutchison, Wenfeng Zhu, Zhiyi Yao, Yuliang Zhao, Min Li
We report a highly sensitive and selective surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS)-based detection of aqueous Zn(ii) ions (limit of detection 10(-14) M). Spectral changes for a silver nanoparticle-bound Raman reporter upon Zn(ii) chelation constitutes the assay, which is applied to drinking water and to measurements of cellular uptake of Zn(ii).
January 16, 2017: Chemical Communications: Chem Comm
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091663/markedly-enhanced-up-conversion-luminescence-by-combining-ir-808-dye-sensitization-and-core-shell-shell-structures
#18
Jiating Xu, Mingdi Sun, Ye Kuang, Huiting Bi, Bin Liu, Dan Yang, Ruichan Lv, Shili Gai, Fei He, Piaoping Yang
Rare-earth-doped up-conversion nanoparticles (UCNPs), which are capable of converting infrared light to shorter-wavelength photons, have attracted worldwide attention due to their unique characteristics. However, the emission brightness of UCNPs is greatly limited by the unsatisfactory absorptivity of lanthanide ions. Herein, we adopted a novel strategy to enhance the up-conversion intensity using NIR dye IR-808 as an antenna to sensitize the core-shell-shell structured NaGdF4:Yb,Er@NaGdF4:Yb@NaNdF4:Yb UCNPs...
January 16, 2017: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091643/improving-the-zt-value-of-thermoelectrics-by-nanostructuring-tuning-the-nanoparticle-morphology-of-sb2te3-by-using-ionic-liquids
#19
Julian Schaumann, Manuel Loor, Derya Ünal, Anja Mudring, Stefan Heimann, Ulrich Hagemann, Stephan Schulz, Franziska Maculewicz, Gabi Schierning
A systematic study on the microwave-assisted thermolysis of the single source precursor (Et2Sb)2Te (1) in different asymmetric 1-alkyl-3-methylimidazolium- and symmetric 1,3-dialkylimidazolium-based ionic liquids (ILs) reveals the distinctive role of both the anion and the cation in tuning the morphology and microstructure of the resulting Sb2Te3 nanoparticles as evidenced by X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), energy dispersive X-ray analysis (EDX), and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS)...
January 16, 2017: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091639/gold-nanoparticles-stabilized-by-cationic-carbosilane-dendrons-synthesis-and-biological-properties
#20
Cornelia E Peña-González, Elzbieta Pedziwiatr-Werbicka, Dzmitry Shcharbin, Carlos Guerrero-Beltrán, Viktar Abashkin, Svetlana Loznikova, José L Jiménez, M Ángeles Muñoz-Fernández, Maria Bryszewska, Rafael Gómez, Javier Sánchez-Nieves, F Javier de la Mata
Gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) and polycationic macromolecules are used as gene carriers. Their behaviour is dependent on several factors, such as the size and type of the framework, charge, etc. We have combined both types of systems and prepared AuNPs covered with cationic carbosilane dendrons with the aim to evaluate their biocompatibility. Water soluble dendronized cationic AuNPs were prepared following a straightforward procedure from dendrons, a gold precursor and a reducing agent in water and were characterized by (1)H NMR, transmission electron microscopy (TEM), dynamic light scattering (DLS), thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), ultraviolet spectroscopy (UV), and zeta potential (ZP)...
January 16, 2017: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
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