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anticoagulation renal replacement therapy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070667/erratum-to-regional-citrate-anticoagulation-for-continuous-renal-replacement-therapy-in-children
#1
Mayerly Prada Rico, Jaime Fernández Sarmiento, Ana María Rojas Velasquez, Luz Stella González Chaparro, Ricardo Gastelbondo Amaya, Hernando Mulett Hoyos, Daniel Tibaduiza, Ana Maria Quintero Gómez
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 9, 2017: Pediatric Nephrology: Journal of the International Pediatric Nephrology Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28058458/-vitamin-k-antagonists-is-their-prescription-really-medical-malpractice-%C3%A2-today
#2
E Rafflenbeul, J Müller-Ehmsen
Atrial fibrillation and venous thromboembolisms are frequent cardiovascular diseases. Until a few years ago only vitamin K antagonists (VKA) were available for oral anticoagulation as primary and secondary prevention of thrombembolic events. Currently, the non-vitamin K dependent new oral anticoagulants (NOAC) dabigatran, rivaroxaban, apixaban and edoxaban are approved for use. The approval studies, meta-analyses and data from registries provide evidence for the superiority of NOAC vs. VKA with respect to reduction of thrombembolisms and reduced bleeding complications; therefore, in the 2016 European Society of Cardiology (ESC) guidelines the use of NOAC is recommended as first line therapy for anticoagulation in atrial fibrillation (recommendation grade I/evidence level A)...
January 2017: Der Internist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28044236/vascular-adhesion-protein-1-in-hemodialysis-and-hemodiafiltration-patients-effect-of-single-hemodialysis-session-on-its-level-in-regard-to-type-of-anticoagulant
#3
Jolanta Malyszko, Ewa Koc-Zorawska, Piotr Kozminski, Jacek S Malyszko
PURPOSE: Traditional anticoagulants used in intermittent hemodialysis (HD) are unfractionated heparin (UFH) and increasingly low molecular weight heparins (LMWHs). Repeated and prolonged exposure to UFH and/or LMWHs may further disturb hemostasis in uremic patients. Vascular adhesion protein-1 (VAP-1) is secreted by vascular smooth muscle cells, adipocytes and endothelial cells with functional monoamine oxidase activity and is elevated in atherosclerosis, diabetes mellitus and obesity...
January 2, 2017: International Urology and Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926465/freestyle-stentless-bioprosthesis-for-aortic-valve-therapy-17-year-clinical-results
#4
Juergen Ennker, Markus Meilwes, Joern Pons-Kuehnemann, Bernd Niemann, Philippe Grieshaber, Ina C Ennker, Andreas Boening
BACKGROUND: Aortic valve replacement with stentless bioprostheses has been shown to produce lower aortic gradients than stented bioprostheses, thus facilitating left ventricular mass regression and preventing heart failure. We sought to determine the long-term results of stentless biological aortic valve replacement over a 17-year follow-up. METHODS: Between 1996 and 2012, 2551 patients underwent isolated aortic valve replacement with a stentless prosthesis (Medtronic Freestyle) at a single center...
November 2016: Asian Cardiovascular & Thoracic Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913748/a-3-year-follow-up-of-a-patient-with-acute-renal-failure-caused-by-thrombotic-microangiopathy-related-to-antiphospholipid-syndrome-case-report
#5
X-J Zhou, M Chen, S-X Wang, F-D Zhou, M-H Zhao
BACKGROUND: Microvascular manifestations of antiphospholipid antibody syndrome in the kidneys include acute renal failure, thrombotic microangiopathy and hypertension. Therapy has been largely empiric. CASE REPORT: A 49-year-old Chinese man presented with anuric acute renal failure without abundant proteinuria and heavy haematuria, but markedly low levels of urinary sodium, potassium and chlorine upon admission. On day 1 of hospitalization, his thrombocytopenia, anaemia and renal failure showed rapid progression...
December 2, 2016: Lupus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896442/regional-citrate-anticoagulation-for-continuous-renal-replacement-therapy-in-children
#6
Mayerly Prada Rico, Jaime Fernández Sarmiento, Ana María Rojas Velasquez, Luz Stella González Chaparro, Ricardo Gastelbondo Amaya, Hernando Mulett Hoyos, Daniel Tibaduiza, Ana Maria Quintero Gómez
BACKGROUND: Anticoagulation of the continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT) circuit is an important technical aspect of this medical procedure. Most studies evaluating the efficacy and safety of citrate use have been carried out in adults, and little evidence is available for the pediatric patient population. The aim of this study was to compare regional citrate anticoagulation versus systemic heparin anticoagulation in terms of the lifetime of hemofilters in a pediatric population receiving CRRT at a pediatric center in Bogota, Colombia...
November 28, 2016: Pediatric Nephrology: Journal of the International Pediatric Nephrology Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866200/implementation-of-a-simplified-regional-citrate-anticoagulation-protocol-for-post-dilution-continuous-hemofiltration-using-a-bicarbonate-buffered-calcium-containing-replacement-solution
#7
Christopher J Kirwan, Ross Hutchison, Sherif Ghabina, Stephanie Schwarze, Abigail Beane, Susan Ramsay, Edward Thompson, John R Prowle
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Recent updates to the Nikkiso Aquarius continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT) platform allowed us to develop a post-dilution protocol for regional citrate anticoagulation (RCA) using standard bicarbonate buffered, calcium containing replacement solution with acid citrate dextrose formula-A as a citrate source. Our objective was to demonstrate that the protocol was safe and effective. METHODS: Prospective audit of consecutive patients receiving RCA for CRRT within intensive care unit, who were either contraindicated to heparin or had poor filter lifespan (<12 h for 2 consecutive filters) on heparin...
2016: Blood Purification
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852414/-survey-of-continuous-renal-replacement-therapy-application-status
#8
C S Yang, Y Yang, L W Huang, X W Zhang, S Q Liu, H B Qiu
Objective: To investigate the condition of implementation of continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT) in quality control center of critical care medicine. Methods: Questionnaire mails were issued to all of the quality control respondents to survey the application of CRRT in June 2015 from Jiangsu quality control center of critical care medicine. Results: Among the 69 quality control respondents, 62 were equipped with CRRT devices, and in 58 of which patients were treated with CRRT. There were 195 doctors and 253 nurses in 62 quality control respondents attended CRRT training at or above the provincial level; the proportions of hospitals in southern, central and northern regions of Jiangsu were 63%, 79% and 86% respectively with trained doctors (more than 2), and 34%, 38% and 43% respectively with trained nurses (more than 3)...
October 25, 2016: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27796019/-renal-failure-management-of-uremic-condition-and-replacement-therapy
#9
Riccardo Magistroni, Giovanna Capolongo, Giovanni Piscopo
Replacement therapy implemented by renal transplantation is preferable to dialysis treatment and also in uremic population with ADPKD. In preparation for the transplant nephrectomy is a procedure associated with morbidity and mortality in patient with ADPKD, it should be performed on the basis of stringent clinical indications. When the kidney transplant is not possible, peritoneal dialysis in appropriate patients is not contraindicated with comparable results to the extracorporeal dialytic treatment. The therapeutic targets in substitution treatment with respect to pressure levels, lipids, hemoglobin, anticoagulation regime are comparable to the non ADPKD uremic population...
September 2016: Giornale Italiano di Nefrologia: Organo Ufficiale Della Società Italiana di Nefrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27786420/outcomes-of-continuous-renal-replacement-therapy-with-regional-citrate-anticoagulation-in-small-children-after-cardiac-surgery-experience-and-protocol-from-a-single-center
#10
Anna Musielak, Alfred Warzywoda, Michał Wojtalik, Bartłomiej Kociński, Paweł Kroll, Danuta Ostalska-Nowicka, Jacek Zachwieja
Patients after a cardiac surgery in cardiopulmonary bypass often present an acute kidney failure. Continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT) is often required. The aim of this study was to present effectiveness and safety of CRRT with regional citrate anticoagulation (RCA-CRRT) in small children after cardiac surgery. A retrospective analysis was conducted on 15 patients after cardiac surgery and who had RCA-CRRT performed in 2014. The established protocol was followed. Mean time on the RCA-CRRT was 192 h 40 min with the circuit mean lifetime of 43 h 33 min...
December 2016: Therapeutic Apheresis and Dialysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27615524/citrate-anticoagulation-in-the-icu-the-leeds-experience
#11
Charlotte Trumper
Continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT) is widely used in the management of critically ill patients with acute kidney injury. It requires effective anticoagulation of the extracorporeal blood circuit. Although heparin is the most commonly prescribed anticoagulant, there are issues associated with heparin, and there has been increasing interest in regional citrate anticoagulation as an alternative. In 2013, The Leeds Teaching Hospitals NHS Trust switched from heparin to citrate anticoagulant for CRRT in intensive care units (ICUs) across the Trust...
September 8, 2016: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27585044/anticoagulation-in-continuous-renal-replacement-therapy-citrate-appears-to-be-superior-to-heparin
#12
Timothy E Bunchman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27577028/total-artificial-heart-and-chronic-haemodialysis-a-possible-bridge-to-transplantation
#13
Julien Demiselle, Virginie Besson, Johnny Sayegh, Jean-François Subra, Jean-François Augusto
BACKGROUND: Total artificial heart (TAH) device is sometimes necessary to treat end stage heart failure (HF). After surgery, renal impairment can occur with the need of renal replacement therapy. METHOD: We report the case of a 51-year-old man who was treated with conventional hemodialysis (HD) while on support with TAH. RESULTS: The patient underwent HD while on TAH support during 14 months. He benefited from conventional HD, 6 sessions per week...
2016: Blood Purification
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27529346/regional-citrate-anticoagulation-for-continuous-renal-replacement-therapy-all-citrates-are-not-created-equal
#14
COMMENT
Rita Jacobs, Patrick M Honore, Inne Hendrickx, Herbert D Spapen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Blood Purification
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27451145/accuracy-of-commercial-blood-gas-analyzers-for-monitoring-ionized-calcium-at-low-concentrations
#15
Paul D'Orazio, Helen Visnick, Shankar Balasubramanian
BACKGROUND: Variable ionized calcium measurements in post filter blood samples during continuous renal replacement therapy (renal dialysis) using regional citrate anticoagulation (RCA) have been reported using commercial blood gas analyzers, resulting in analyzer-dependent differences in decisions regarding adjustment of citrate dose. METHODS: We evaluated accuracy for measurement of iCa at low concentrations by 4 commercial blood gas analyzers using primary reference solutions formulated down to 0...
October 1, 2016: Clinica Chimica Acta; International Journal of Clinical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27391902/the-effects-of-high-level-magnesium-dialysis-substitution-fluid-on-magnesium-homeostasis-under-regional-citrate-anticoagulation-in-critically-ill
#16
Mychajlo Zakharchenko, Ferdinand Los, Helena Brodska, Martin Balik
BACKGROUND: The requirements for magnesium (Mg) supplementation increase under regional citrate anticoagulation (RCA) because citrate acts by chelation of bivalent cations within the blood circuit. The level of magnesium in commercially available fluids for continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT) may not be sufficient to prevent hypomagnesemia. METHODS: Patients (n = 45) on CRRT (2,000 ml/h, blood flow (Qb) 100 ml/min) with RCA modality (4% trisodium citrate) using calcium free fluid with 0...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27352175/a-comparison-between-two-dilute-citrate-solutions-15-vs-18-mmol-l-in-continuous-renal-replacement-therapy-the-base-excess-and-renal-substitution-solution-study
#17
Chris Anstey, Victoria Campbell, Alexander Richardson
BACKGROUND/AIMS: The study aimed to compare the changes in biochemistry occurring in patients undergoing continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT) using 2 trisodium citrate solutions, Baxter hemofiltration fluid containing 18 mmol/l (C18) and Baxter NamSol, a custom manufactured solution containing 15 mmol/l (C15), both delivered as regional citrate anticoagulation (RCA) predilution fluids for hemofiltration. METHODS: This is a prospective randomized control trial conducted in a major regional adult intensive care unit...
2016: Blood Purification
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27312907/is-regional-citrate-anticoagulation-the-future-of-hemodialysis
#18
Jadranka Buturovic-Ponikvar
Citrate has many characteristics of the ideal anticoagulant for hemodialysis. In addition to immediate and complete anticoagulation in the dialysis circuit, citrate has important effects beyond anticoagulation, mainly in reducing inflammatory response induced by hemodialysis. Citrate has already become the standard anticoagulant in acute kidney injury requiring continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT), both for adults and children, with the citrate module being a part of modern CRRT monitors. Although the citrate module is not yet available for intermittent hemodialysis, precise infusion pumps, point-of-care ionometers and high citrate clearance from high flux dialyzers increase safety while reducing the risk of metabolic complications, both in adult and pediatric patients...
June 2016: Therapeutic Apheresis and Dialysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27283118/continuous-venovenous-renal-replacement-therapy-in-critically-ill-patients-a-work-load-analysis
#19
Marjorie Houllé-Veyssière, Audrey Courtin, Norddine Zeroual, Philippe Gaudard, Pascal H Colson
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the nursing workload related to two techniques of continuous renal replacement therapy. RESEARCH METHODOLOGY: We analysed retrospectively the nursing work load caused directly by continuous renal replacement therapy in a cohort of patients admitted consecutively over 10 months. Two types of continuous renal replacement therapy have been compared: dialysis with regional citrate anticoagulation and haemodiafiltration with systemic heparin coagulation...
October 2016: Intensive & Critical Care Nursing: the Official Journal of the British Association of Critical Care Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27254640/crrt-regional-anticoagulation-using-citrate-in-the-liver-failure-and-liver-transplant-population
#20
Rob Wonnacott, Brandi Josephs, Jill Jamieson
Regional citrate for continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT) use in patients with liver failure or post-liver transplant has been considered a contraindication because of the risk of citrate toxicity development. Regional citrate has the benefit of decreased bleeding risks over systemic anticoagulation; therefore, it is of great benefit to the coagulopathic and surgical populations. This article analyzes current empiric data and compares with a case study specifically related to liver failure, liver transplant, and CRRT use...
July 2016: Critical Care Nursing Quarterly
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