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Employee stress

Daniela Pelclova, Vladimir Zdimal, Petr Kacer, Martin Komarc, Zdenka Fenclova, Stepanka Vlckova, Nadezda Zikova, Jaroslav Schwarz, Otakar Makes, Tomas Navratil, Sergey Zakharov, Dhimiter Bello
Nanoscale titanium dioxide (nanoTiO2) is a commercially important nanomaterial used in numerous applications. Experimental studies with nanotitania have documented lung injury and inflammation, oxidative stress, and genotoxicity. Production workers in TiO2 manufacturing with a high proportion of nanoparticles and a mixture of other air pollutants, such as gases and organic aerosols, had increased markers of oxidative stress, including DNA and protein damage, as well as lipid peroxidation in their exhaled breath condensate (EBC) compared to unexposed controls...
October 18, 2016: Reviews on Environmental Health
Eija Haukka, Anneli Ojajärvi, Leena Kaila-Kangas, Päivi Leino-Arjas
We identified factors protective of all-cause sickness absence (SA) among subjects with multisite musculoskeletal pain (MSP). The nationally representative source sample comprised 3420 actively working Finns aged 30-55 in year 2000 and alive at follow-up. Pain in 18 body locations was combined into four sites (neck, low back, upper limbs, lower limbs). The baseline prevalence of MSP (pain in ≥ 2 sites) was 32 %. Baseline data on sociodemographic factors, work ability, work, health, and lifestyle were gathered by questionnaire, interview and clinical examination and linked with national registers on all-cause SA (periods lasting ≥10 workdays) for 2002-2008...
October 3, 2016: Pain
Norio Sugawara, Manabu Saito, Kazuhiko Nakamura
Since December 1, 2015, the Japanese government has required employers to conduct the Stress Check Program. The Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare announced that this program should focus on the primary prevention of mental health problems. Although employers are obliged to perform screening for mental health problems and a physician's interview, employees are not mandated to participate in this program. Classical occupational health studies have accumulated evidence indicating that quantitative or qualitative workload is associated with mental health problems...
September 30, 2016: Journal of Occupational Health
Judith Harbertson, Braden R Hale, Nelson L Michael, Paul T Scott
BACKGROUND: Depression and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) are significant risks for suicide and other adverse events among US military personnel, but prevalence data among ship-assigned personnel at the onset of deployment are unknown. AIMS: To determine the prevalence of shipboard personnel who screen positive for PTSD and/or major depressive disorder (MDD) at the onset of deployment, and also those who reported these diagnoses made by a physician or healthcare professional in the year prior to deployment...
September 2016: BJPsych Open
Nagat Mohamed Amer, Zeinab M Monir, Mai Sabry Saleh, Heba Mahdy-Abdallah, Salwa Farouk Hafez
AIM: The study aimed to assess worksite health education workshops as a successful tool for health promotion of employees. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A one day workshop was held for individuals engaged in research activities in the National research Centre of Egypt at the worksite. Its main objective was to highlight the nature, causes, symptoms and management of job stress. Participants were asked to fill a personality assessment sheet, a self-reported questionnaire for job satisfaction...
September 15, 2016: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
Ola Sayed Ali, Nadia Badawy, Sanaa Rizk, Hend Gomaa, Mai Sabry Saleh
AIM: Workplace stress is hazardous for its harmful impact on employees' health and organizational productivity. The aim of the study is to apply the Allostatic Load Index (ALI) which is a multi-component measure for health risk assessment and early detection of stress among workers in Egypt. METHODS: Sixty-two working adults randomly selected from two different working environments in Egypt were included in the study. Participants completed a self-reported questionnaire for socio-demographic and work variables...
September 15, 2016: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
Kai Österberg, Roger Persson, Njördur Viborg, Peter Jönsson, Artur Tenenbaum
BACKGROUND: The need for instruments that can assist in detecting the prodromal stages of stress-related exhaustion has been acknowledged. The aim of the present study was to evaluate whether the Lund University Checklist for Incipient Exhaustion (LUCIE) could accurately and prospectively detect the onset of incipient exhaustion and to what extent work stressor exposure and private burdens were associated with increasing LUCIE scores. METHODS: Using surveys, 1355 employees were followed for 11 quarters...
September 29, 2016: BMC Public Health
Alp Saruhanoğlu, Bilge Gökçen-Röhlig, Ceren Saruhanoğlu, Değer Öngül, Meltem Koray
OBJECTIVE: The current study aimed to investigate the frequency of signs and symptoms of temporomandibular disorders (TMD) among call center employees. METHODS: Workers from four call centers (CC) were invited to participate in this study. The examination was based on the Research Diagnostic Criteria for Temporomandibular Disorder (RDC/TMD). The tenderness of the masticator muscles was assessed on both sides by bilateral palpation. The mobility of the mandible was measured with a plastic millimeter ruler on opening, lateral excursions, and protrusion...
August 16, 2016: Cranio: the Journal of Craniomandibular Practice
Federica Emanuel, Monica Molino, Chiara Ghislieri, Riccardo Ghini, Alberto Tortone, Claudio Giovanni Cortese
BACKGROUND: Work-related stress evaluation is a legal requirement for companies that, in some cases, might be seen as an opportunity to examine wellbeing at work and the dimensions related to it, through the involvement of employees. To that end, this study considers the job demands-resources model as a theoretical framework. OBJECTIVES: The study has a twofold objective: a) to describe the process of subjective evaluation carried out in the Italian plant of a pharmaceutical company; and b) to show and discuss results of the analyses performed on variables, examining in detail the relationship between two outcomes (job satisfaction and emotional exhaustion) and some job demands (workload and job effort), job resources (safety climate, clarity of roles, clarity and applicability of procedures, supervisor relational justice and colleague support), and personal resources (internal locus of control and job-related self-efficacy)...
2016: La Medicina del Lavoro
Jian Li, Hui Ding, Wei Han, Lei Jin, Ling-Na Kong, Kang-Na Mao, Hong Wang, Jiang-Ping Wu, Ying Wu, Liu Yang, Yu Zhou, You-Xin Wang, Wei Wang, Adrian Loerbroks, Peter Angerer
OBJECTIVE: It has been suggested that the relationship between work stress and somatic symptoms (e.g., cardiopulmonary, gastrointestinal complaints, general pain, and fatigue) is particularly pronounced in women. As evidence from China is sparse, we used a large sample of Chinese working women to test those potential associations. METHODS: Data were obtained from a cross-sectional study of 6826 working women in five urban areas in China who were free from major clinical disease...
October 2016: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
Mohammad Reza Abarghouei, Mohammad Hossein Sorbi, Mehdi Abarghouei, Reza Bidaki, Shirin Yazdanpoor
INTRODUCTION: Job stress has become one of the main factors in reducing efficiency and the loss of human resources that may cause physical and psychological adverse effects in employees. Hospital personnel are facing different stressful events, such as birth, pain and death, in a single day. Hence, identifying the job stress rates and related factors may be effective in offering proper strategies. Therefore, the present research was done to study the rate of job stress and burnout in hospital personnel and compare some of the related factors in hospitals personnel of Yazd, Iran...
July 2016: Electronic Physician
Marianne Skogbrott Birkeland, Ines Blix, Øivind Solberg, Trond Heir
Objective: Cross-sectional studies have revealed that high levels of optimism can protect against high levels of posttraumatic stress after exposure to trauma. However, this is the first study to explore (a) the protective role of optimism in a longitudinal perspective and (b) optimism's protective effects on specific symptom clusters within the posttraumatic stress symptomatology. Method: This study used prospective survey data from ministerial employees (n = 256) collected approximately 1, 2, and 3 years after the 2011 Oslo bombing...
September 19, 2016: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
Jillian Dorrian, Crystal Grant, Siobhan Banks
PURPOSE: Residential support workers (RSW) engage in overnight "sleepover" shifts as well as more traditional "standup" night shifts. While research has investigated the consequences of night and on-call work for sleep in other industries, the sleep of RSW has not been evaluated. METHOD: In a single-provider case study, six employees completed the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI), the Depression Anxiety Stress Scale (DASS), a 2-week sleep diary, and a 30 min interview, and four also completed the Shirom-Melamed Burnout Measure (SMBM)...
January 2017: Applied Ergonomics
Katarzyna Urbańska, Aleksandra Żelazko, Joanna Domagalska, Przemysław Nowak
BACKGROUND: Fast progress in a lot of economic sectors has greatly contributed to a growing role of road transportation systems, including freight transport and passenger transport. The job of professional drivers is regarded as extremely hard and dangerous, it is associated with high risk of health loss and even life loss. This profession is also associated with mental burden, the main cause of the absence at work and alarming number of road accidents. The aim of study was to compare exposure to stress, check the level of stress and ways to cope with stress in 2 groups of drivers (N = 187)...
2016: Medycyna Pracy
Katinka Tuisku, Laura Pulkki-Råback, Marianna Virtanen
BACKGROUND: Occupational well-being in health care is essential for the quality of care and productivity. Some of the major challenges facing hospital nurses are the personnel turnover, emotional loading and health care reforms. After primary occupational safety and risk management, complementary positive health promotion approaches with cultural interventions can be experimented. OBJECTIVE: To examine the association between well-being indicators of hospital nurses and their participation in cultural events provided by the employer (theater, concerts, exhibitions, museums, sight-seeing, and musicals) during past 6 months...
September 7, 2016: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
Silvia Pignata, Anthony H Winefield, Chris Provis, Carolyn M Boyd
PURPOSE: This study examined the factors that predict employees' perceptions of procedural justice in university settings. The paper also reviews the ethical aspects of justice and psychological contracts within employment relationships. DESIGN/METHODOLOGY/APPROACH: The study examined the predictors of perceived procedural justice in a two-wave longitudinal sample of 945 employees from 13 universities by applying the Job Demands-Resources theoretical model of stress...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
Ø Solberg, M S Birkeland, I Blix, M B Hansen, T Heir
BACKGROUND: Our understanding of the dynamics of post-traumatic stress symptomatology and its link to functional impairment over time is limited. METHOD: Post-traumatic stress symptomatology (Post-traumatic Checklist, PCL) was assessed three times in 1-year increments (T1, T2, T3) following the Oslo bombing of 22 July, 2011, in directly (n = 257) and indirectly exposed (n = 2223) government employees, together with demographics, measures of exposure and work and social adjustment...
September 9, 2016: Psychological Medicine
O Rantonen, K Alexanderson, J Pentti, L Kjeldgård, J Hämäläinen, E Mittendorfer-Rutz, M Kivimäki, J Vahtera, P Salo
: Aims Social workers report high levels of stress and have an increased risk for hospitalisation with mental diagnoses. However, it is not known whether the risk of work disability with mental diagnoses is higher among social workers compared with other human service professionals. We analysed trends in work disability (sickness absence and disability pension) with mental diagnoses and return to work (RTW) in 2005-2012 among social workers in Finland and Sweden, comparing with such trends in preschool teachers, special education teachers and psychologists...
September 9, 2016: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
Alban Maxhuni, Pablo Hernandez-Leal, L Enrique Sucar, Venet Osmani, Eduardo F Morales, Oscar Mayora
OBJECTIVE: Stress at work is a significant occupational health concern. Recent studies have used various sensing modalities to model stress behaviour based on non-obtrusive data obtained from smartphones. However, when the data for a subject is scarce it becomes a challenge to obtain a good model. METHODS: We propose an approach based on a combination of techniques: semi-supervised learning, ensemble methods and transfer learning to build a model of a subject with scarce data...
August 31, 2016: Journal of Biomedical Informatics
Silvia Pignata, Anthony H Winefield, Chris Provis, Carolyn M Boyd
This study explored the impact of staff group role and length of organizational tenure in the relationship between the awareness of stress interventions (termed intervention awareness: IA) and the work-related attitudinal outcomes of university employees. A two-wave longitudinal study of a sample of 869 employees from 13 universities completed a psychosocial work factors and health questionnaire. Hierarchical regression analyses examined the contribution of staff role and different lengths of organizational tenure with IA and employees' reports of job satisfaction, affective organizational commitment, trust in senior management, and perceived procedural justice...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
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