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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809866/-employee-wellbeing-in-a-university-department-italy
#1
Alessandra Sinopoli, Cristina Sestili, Bruno Lojodice, Sabina Sernia, Alice Mannocci, Maria De Giusti, Paolo Villari, Giuseppe La Torre
A serene workplace environment can provide significant benefits to employees. The aim of the present study was to assess wellbeing of employees in a university department, by administering validated questionnaires (Karasek and INAIL) and to determine any similarities and / or differences. The sample consisted of 48 employees (22.9 % male and 77.1% female) in various job categories including doctors, biologists, nurses, and technical and administrative staff. Results obtained from the Karasek questionnaire allowed us to calculate the values of Decision latidude and Job demand...
May 2017: Igiene e Sanità Pubblica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806863/influence-of-gender-working-field-and-psychosocial-factors-on-the-vulnerability-for-burnout-in-mental-hospital-staff-results-of-an-austrian-cross-sectional-study
#2
Petra Schadenhofer, Michael Kundi, Heidemarie Abrahamian, Harald Stummer, Alexandra Kautzky-Willer
INTRODUCTION: According to the European Agency for Safety and Health at Work (EU-OSHA), hospitals represent a work environment with high job strain. Prolonged perceived occupational stress may result in symptoms of burnout, such as emotional exhaustion (EE), depersonalisation (DP) and reduced personal accomplishment (PA). Understanding which factors may reduce vulnerability for burnout is an important requirement for well-targeted occupational stress prevention in mental hospital staff...
August 14, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802433/a-survey-of-the-prevalence-of-fatigue-its-precursors-and-individual-coping-mechanisms-among-u-s-manufacturing-workers
#3
Lin Lu, Fadel M Megahed, Richard F Sesek, Lora A Cavuoto
Advanced manufacturing has resulted in significant changes on the shop-floor, influencing work demands and the working environment. The corresponding safety-related effects, including fatigue, have not been captured on an industry-wide scale. This paper presents results of a survey of U.S. manufacturing workers for the: prevalence of fatigue, its root causes and significant factors, and adopted individual fatigue coping methods. The responses from 451 manufacturing employees were analyzed using descriptive data analysis, bivariate analysis and Market Basket Analysis...
November 2017: Applied Ergonomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801694/work-overcommitment-is-it-a-trait-or-a-state
#4
Jean-Baptist du Prel, Roma Runeson-Broberg, Peter Westerholm, Lars Alfredsson, Göran Fahlén, Anders Knutsson, Maria Nordin, Richard Peter
PURPOSE: Effort-reward imbalance (ERI) is a well-tested work-related stress model with three components, the two extrinsic components "efforts" and "rewards" and the one intrinsic component "overcommitment". While an imbalance between "efforts" and "rewards" leads to strain reactions, "work-related overcommitment" (OC) has been described as a personal characteristic with a set of attitudes, behaviours, and emotions reflecting excessive striving combined with a strong desire for approval...
August 11, 2017: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799430/genesis-of-an-employee-wellness-program-at-a-large-university
#5
Lisa K Lloyd, Sylvia H Crixell, Janet R Bezner, Katherine Forester, Carolyn Swearingen
University employee wellness programs have potential to support positive changes in employee health, thereby improving productivity and mitigating the rise in health care costs. The purpose of this article is to describe a theory-driven approach to systematically planning, developing, and implementing a comprehensive university employee wellness program. Long-term program goals were to improve employee health, well-being, and productivity by focusing on decreasing sedentary behavior, increasing physical activity, improving dietary habits, and reducing stress...
August 1, 2017: Health Promotion Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795823/correction-to-sun-and-chen-2017
#6
(no author information available yet)
Reports an error in "Is Political Behavior a Viable Coping Strategy to Perceived Organizational Politics? Unveiling the Underlying Resource Dynamics" by Shuhua Sun and Huaizhong Chen (Journal of Applied Psychology, Advanced Online Publication, May 22, 2017, np). Table 1 contained a formatting error. Correlation coefficient values in the last four cells of column 6 were misplaced with correlation coefficient values in the last four cells of column 7. All versions of this article have been corrected. (The following abstract of the original article appeared in record 2017-22542-001...
August 10, 2017: Journal of Applied Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795227/decrease-in-work-ability-index-and-sickness-absence-during-the-following-year-a-two-year-follow-up-study
#7
Masanori Ohta, Yoshiyuki Higuchi, Masaharu Kumashiro, Hiroshi Yamato, Hisamichi Sugimura
PURPOSE: Using a 2-year follow-up design, we examined whether changes in work ability during 1 year predicted sickness absence in the following year. METHODS: Workers (N = 1408) from the Japanese information technology sector each completed the Work Ability Index (WAI), the Brief Job Stress Questionnaire (BJSQ), and the General Health Questionnaire (GHQ) in 2011 and 2012. Absence data during 2013 was obtained from employees' computerized attendance records. We used psychological distress as evaluated by the GHQ; job stress and job support calculated using the BJSQ; and job title, sex, and age as potential confounding variables...
August 9, 2017: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793335/estimation-of-sickness-absenteeism-among-italian-healthcare-workers-during-seasonal-influenza-epidemics
#8
Maria Michela Gianino, Gianfranco Politano, Antonio Scarmozzino, Lorena Charrier, Marco Testa, Sebastian Giacomelli, Alfredo Benso, Carla Maria Zotti
OBJECTIVES: To analyze absenteeism among healthcare workers (HCWs) at a large Italian hospital and to estimate the increase in absenteeism that occurred during seasonal flu periods. DESIGN: Retrospective observational study. METHODS: The absenteeism data were divided into three "epidemic periods," starting at week 42 of one year and terminating at week 17 of the following year (2010-2011, 2011-2012, 2012-2013), and three "non-epidemic periods," defined as week 18 to week 41 and used as baseline data...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777232/uncertain-times
#9
Suzanne K Powell
Our health care environment is more uncertain than ever. Uncertainty may lead to stress, burnout, disengagement, or worse. This Editorial discusses causes and potential attitudes to mitigate those feelings, making for a more satisfied employee and more effective patient care.
September 2017: Professional Case Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770659/depression-and-behavioral-problems-among-adolescent-girls-and-young-women-employees-of-the-textile-industry-in-india
#10
Nancy Angeline Gnanaselvam, Bobby Joseph
Stress and depression are common in textile industry employees due to inadequate working conditions and challenging socioeconomic conditions. The objective of the study was to assess depression and mental health among adolescent and young females currently employed in a textile factory located in Tamil Nadu compared with past employees and women who have never been employed. This cross-sectional study included a total of 107 participants in each study group who were interviewed. The Patient Health Questionnaire-9 and Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire were administered to screen participants for depression and mental health...
August 1, 2017: Workplace Health & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28769597/prediction-of-employer-employee-relationships-from-sociodemographic-variables-and-social-values-in-brunei-public-and-private-sector-workers
#11
Lawrence Mundia, Salwa Mahalle, Rohani Matzin, Gamal Abdul Nasir Zakaria, Nor Zaiham Midawati Abdullah, Siti Norhedayah Abdul Latif
The purpose of the study was to identify the sociodemographic variables and social value correlates and predictors of employer-employee relationship problems in a random sample of 860 Brunei public and private sector workers of both genders. A quantitative field survey design was used and data were analyzed by correlation and logistic regression. The rationale and justification for using this approach is explained. The main sociodemographic correlates and predictors of employer-employee relationship problems in this study were educational level and the district in which the employee resided and worked...
2017: Psychology Research and Behavior Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767337/prevalence-and-course-of-symptom-defined-ptsd-in-individuals-directly-or-indirectly-exposed-to-terror-a-longitudinal-study
#12
Marianne Bang Hansen, Marianne Skogbrott Birkeland, Alexander Nissen, Ines Blix, Øivind Solberg, Trond Heir
OBJECTIVE: It is well established that direct exposure to terrorism can result in posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). However, individuals indirectly exposed to terrorism may also develop symptoms of PTSD. This study examined the prevalence and course of symptom-defined PTSD in employees who were present and not present at the site of a workplace terror attack. METHODS: Survey data from ministerial employees were collected 10, 22, and 34 months after the 2011 bombing in the government district of Oslo...
2017: Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28758507/changes-in-behaviors-and-outcomes-among-school-based-employees-in-a-wellness-program
#13
James LeCheminant, Ray M Merrill, Travis D Masterson
OBJECTIVE: To examine the health behavior changes and mental-health and job-related outcomes of school-based employees over 2 years while participating in a worksite wellness program. METHOD: All participants in this analysis (n = 1,873) were employees of a large public school district in the western United States and voluntarily enrolled in a comprehensive wellness program. Exercise level, fruit and vegetable consumption, restful sleep, smoking, alcohol consumption, self-rated health, mental health-related outcomes (stress, depression, life-satisfaction, and loneliness), and job-related outcomes (job performance, absenteeism, job-related satisfaction) are reported...
July 1, 2017: Health Promotion Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747293/improving-employee-well-being-and-effectiveness-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-web-based-psychological-interventions-delivered-in-the-workplace
#14
Stephany Carolan, Peter R Harris, Kate Cavanagh
BACKGROUND: Stress, depression, and anxiety among working populations can result in reduced work performance and increased absenteeism. Although there is evidence that these common mental health problems are preventable and treatable in the workplace, uptake of psychological treatments among the working population is low. One way to address this may be the delivery of occupational digital mental health interventions. While there is convincing evidence for delivering digital psychological interventions within a health and community context, there is no systematic review or meta-analysis of these interventions in an occupational setting...
July 26, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743153/-how-much-alarm-can-the-human-being-tolerate
#15
Benedikt Lorenz, Jürgen Peters, Ulrich H Frey
Due to growing technisation of intensive care the number of devices with integrated alarm systems is steadily increasing. However, most of the sounding alarms are false alarms causing high levels of frustration, aggression and inappropriate behaviour amongst the medical personnel. All this jeopardises patient care. The high number of alarms also disturb the patients interrupting their sleep and provokes anxiety, and also increases the already high noise level in intensive care units and the operating theatre alike...
July 2017: Anästhesiologie, Intensivmedizin, Notfallmedizin, Schmerztherapie: AINS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731073/-effect-of-stress-and-intesity-of-mobile-phone-using-on-the-health-and-subjective-symptoms-in-gsm-workers
#16
Agata Szyjkowska, Elżbieta Gadzicka, Wiesław Szymczak, Alicja Bortkiewicz
BACKGROUND: There are no available data on the health consequences that may result from the synergistic effects of electromagnetic fields (EMF) and stress. Understanding the mechanisms of the simultaneous exposure will make it possible to develop procedures to minimize adverse health effects in professionals using mobile phones. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A questionnaire survey was conducted in 600 randomly selected people to obtain data on their health status and the prevalence of subjective symptoms related to the mobile phones using...
July 26, 2017: Medycyna Pracy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716117/stress-prevention-work-a-study-protocol-for-the-evaluation-of-a-multifaceted-integral-stress-prevention-strategy-to-prevent-employee-stress-in-a-healthcare-organization-a-cluster-controlled-trial
#17
Rianne J A Hoek, Bo M Havermans, Irene L D Houtman, Evelien P M Brouwers, Yvonne F Heerkens, Moniek C Zijlstra-Vlasveld, Johannes R Anema, Allard J van der Beek, Cécile R L Boot
BACKGROUND: Adequate implementation of work-related stress management interventions can reduce or prevent work-related stress and sick leave in organizations. We developed a multifaceted integral stress-prevention strategy for organizations from several sectors that includes a digital platform and collaborative learning network. The digital platform contains a stepwise protocol to implement work-related stress-management interventions. It includes stress screeners, interventions and intervention providers to facilitate access to and the selection of matching work-related stress-management interventions...
July 17, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712821/appropriate-anthropometric-indices-of-obesity-and-overweight-for-diagnosis-of-metabolic-syndrome-and-its-relationship-with-oxidative-stress
#18
Mehri Delvarianzadeh, Maryam Abbasian, Farideh Khosravi, Hossein Ebrahimi, Mohammad Hossein Ebrahimi, Mozhgan Fazli
AIMS: this study aimed to determine the most appropriate anthropometric indices for diagnosis of metabolic syndrome (MetS) and its relationship with oxidative stress markers. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted in 2015 on 108 employees working in Shahroud University of Medical Sciences. Demographics, anthropometric indices (BMI: Body mass index; WC: Waist circumference, WHR: Waist hip ratio, WHtR: Waist-to-height Ratio), Mets: and Then oxidative stress markers (total antioxidant capacity; TAC, Malondialdehyde; MDA, serum superoxide dismutase; SOD, catalase; Cat) were measured...
July 8, 2017: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707513/cross-cultural-adaptation-and-validation-of-the-danish-10-item-connor-davidson-resilience-scale-among-hospital-staff
#19
Line Skjødt Lauridsen, Morten Vejs Willert, Anita Eskildsen, David Høyrup Christiansen
OBJECTIVES: The 10-item Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale (CD-RISC 10) is a brief instrument measuring resilience in adults. The scale has shown sound psychometric properties in different populations and cultures. Our objectives were to cross-culturally adapt the CD-RISC 10 into Danish and to establish the psychometric properties of the Danish version in terms of internal consistency, construct validity and longitudinal validity. METHODS: The CD-RISC 10 was translated using established guidelines...
July 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698925/prolonged-perceived-stress-and-saliva-cortisol-in-a-large-cohort-of-danish-public-service-employees-cross-sectional-and-longitudinal-associations
#20
Sigurd Mikkelsen, Julie Lyng Forman, Samuel Fink, Marianne Agergaard Vammen, Jane Frølund Thomsen, Matias Brødsgaard Grynderup, Åse Marie Hansen, Linda Kaerlev, Henrik Albert Kolstad, Reiner Rugulies, Jens Peter Bonde
PURPOSE: It is well known that acute stress can lead to a transient increase in cortisol secretion, but the effects of prolonged stress on cortisol secretion are uncertain. This study examines the cross-sectional and longitudinal associations between prolonged perceived stress and salivary cortisol. METHODS: In 2007, 4467 Danish public service employees participated in a study of stress and mental health, and 3217 participated in a follow-up in 2009. Perceived stress during the past 4 weeks was assessed by Cohen's four item perceived stress scale...
July 11, 2017: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
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