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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338747/oxidative-stress-predicts-cognitive-decline-with-aging-in-healthy-adults-an-observational-study
#1
Ihab Hajjar, Salim S Hayek, Felicia C Goldstein, Greg Martin, Dean P Jones, Arshed Quyyumi
BACKGROUND: Redox signaling, which can be assessed by circulating aminothiols, reflects oxidative stress (OS) status and has been linked to clinical cardiovascular disease and its risk factors. These, in turn, are related to executive function decline. OS may precede the pro-inflammatory state seen in vascular disease. The objective of this study is to investigate the association between aminothiol markers of OS and inflammation in cognitive decline, especially in the executive cognitive domain which is highly susceptible to cardiovascular risk factors and is an important predictor of cognitive disability...
January 16, 2018: Journal of Neuroinflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29335671/feasibility-acceptability-and-preliminary-effectiveness-of-a-4-week-mindfulness-based-cognitive-therapy-protocol-for-hospital-employees
#2
Christina M Luberto, Rachel S Wasson, Kristen M Kraemer, Richard W Sears, Carly Hueber, Sian Cotton
Hospital employees may experience occupational stress and burnout, which negatively impact quality of life and job performance. Evidence-based interventions implemented within the hospital setting are needed to promote employees' well-being. We offered a 4-week Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy group program for hospital employees, and used a mixed-methods practice-based research approach to explore feasibility, acceptability, and effects on stress and burnout. Participants were 65 hospital employees (Mage = 44...
December 2017: Mindfulness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334929/chronic-kidney-disease-in-sugarcane-workers-in-cameroon-a-cross-sectional-study
#3
Martin E Ekiti, Jean-Berthelot Zambo, Felix K Assah, Valirie N Agbor, Krystel Kekay, Gloria Ashuntantang
BACKGROUND: Agricultural workers especially in sugarcane plantations have a high risk of chronic kidney disease (CKD). Little is known about CKD among sugarcane plantation workers in Cameroon. This study sought to evaluate the prevalence and identify factors associated with CKD in sugarcane plantation workers in Cameroon. METHODS: We conducted an analytic cross-sectional study including 204 adult workers at the sugarcane plantation complex in Mbandjock, Cameroon; over 500 m above sea level...
January 15, 2018: BMC Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332412/-investigation-of-the-burnout-syndrome-among-the-employees-of-the-department-of-emergency-medicine-at-the-university-of-szeged
#4
Emőke Adrienn Hompoth, Annamária Töreki, Zoltán Pető
INTRODUCTION: Burnout has been described as a growing problem amongst healthcare workers. Emergency department staffs experience the burden of stress day by day, yet only a few studies have examined their burnout. AIM: In this study we wanted to investigate the burnout and its relations to other variables amongst the employees of the Department of Emergency Medicine in Szeged. METHOD: Cross-sectional design utilizing a self-administered questionnaire was used to collect data from the staff of the Department...
January 2018: Orvosi Hetilap
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327214/interaction-effect-of-job-insecurity-and-role-ambiguity-on-psychological-distress-in-japanese-employees-a-cross-sectional-study
#5
Akiomi Inoue, Norito Kawakami, Hisashi Eguchi, Akizumi Tsutsumi
PURPOSE: We examined the interaction effect of job insecurity (JI) and role ambiguity (RA) on psychological distress in Japanese employees. METHODS: Overall, 2184 male and 805 female employees from two factories of a manufacturing company in Japan completed a self-administered questionnaire comprising the scales measuring JI (Job Content Questionnaire), RA (National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Generic Job Stress Questionnaire), psychological distress (K6 scale), and potential confounders (i...
January 11, 2018: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325438/workplace-ostracism-and-workplace-behaviors-a-moderated-mediation-model-of-perceived-stress-and-psychological-empowerment
#6
Yang Woon Chung
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Workplace ostracism research has examined numerous underlying mechanisms to understand the link between workplace ostracism and behavioral outcomes. Ostracism has been suggested to be an interpersonal stressor; however, research has not investigated workplace ostracism from a stress perspective. Therefore, the study investigated the mediating effect of perceived stress for the relationships between workplace ostracism and helping behavior, voicing behavior, and task performance...
January 11, 2018: Anxiety, Stress, and Coping
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320444/preliminary-analyses-showed-short-term-mental-health-improvements-after-a-single-day-manager-training
#7
Elena Boysen, Birgitta Schiller, Kathrin Mörtl, Harald Gündel, Michael Hölzer
Psychosocial working conditions attract more and more attention when it comes to mental health in the workplace. Trying to support managers to deal with their own as well as their employees' psychological risk factors, we conducted a specific manager training. Within this investigation, we wanted to learn about the training's effects and acceptance. A single-day manager training was provided in a large industrial company in Germany. The participants were asked to fill out questionnaires regarding their own physical and mental health condition as well as their working situation...
January 10, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320337/improving-resiliency-in-healthcare-employees
#8
Brooke L Werneburg, Sarah M Jenkins, Jamie L Friend, Bridget E Berkland, Matthew M Clark, Jordan K Rosedahl, Heather R Preston, Denise C Daniels, Beth A Riley, Kerry D Olsen, Amit Sood
OBJECTIVES: The high prevalence of stress at the workplace has been well documented; however, few studies have investigated the efficacy of worksite resiliency programs. Therefore, the objec- tive of this project was to examine the impact of a worksite resilience training program on improving resiliency and health behaviors in healthcare employees. METHODS: Between 2012 and 2016, 137 adult wellness center members of a healthcare institution participating in a single-arm cohort study of a 12-week resiliency training program were assessed at baseline, end of intervention, and at 3-month follow-up...
January 1, 2018: American Journal of Health Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315278/a-qualitative-study-of-hr-ohs-stress-interventions-in-australian-universities
#9
Silvia Pignata, Anthony H Winefield, Carolyn M Boyd, Chris Provis
To enhance the understanding of psychosocial factors and extend research on work stress interventions, we investigated the key human resource (HR)/occupational health and safety (OHS) stress interventions implemented at five Australian universities over a three-year period. Five senior HR Directors completed an online survey to identify the intervention strategies taken at their university in order to reduce stress and enhance employee well-being and morale. We also explored the types of individual-, organization-, and individual/organization-directed interventions that were implemented, and the strategies that were prioritized at each university...
January 9, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304215/the-role-of-hardiness-in-the-bullying-mental-health-relationship
#10
I Reknes, A Harris, S Einarsen
Background: Workplace bullying has consistently been found to predict mental health problems among those affected. However, less attention has been given to personal dispositions as possible moderators in this relationship. Aims: To investigate the moderating role of individual hardiness in the relationship between exposure to bullying behaviours and symptoms of anxiety and depression, respectively, assuming that high hardiness, being an individual stress resilience factor, acts as a buffer in these relationships...
January 3, 2018: Occupational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29298183/an-integrated-career-coaching-and-time-banking-system-promoting-flexibility-wellness-and-success-a-pilot-program-at-stanford-university-school-of-medicine
#11
Magali Fassiotto, Caroline Simard, Christy Sandborg, Hannah Valantine, Jennifer Raymond
Faculty in academic medicine experience multiple demands on their time at work and at home, which can become a source of stress and dissatisfaction, compromising success. A taskforce convened to diagnose the state of work-life flexibility at Stanford University School of Medicine uncovered two major sources of conflict for faculty: work-life conflict, caused by juggling demands of career and home, and work-work conflict, caused by competing priorities of the tripartite research, teaching, and clinical mission of an academic medical center combined with service and administrative tasks...
January 2, 2018: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284251/dissatisfaction-with-work-as-a-risk-factor-of-musculoskeletal-complaints-among-foresters-in-poland
#12
Stanisław Lachowski, Piotr Choina, Magdalena Florek-Łuszczki, Małgorzata Goździewska, Jagoda Jezior
INTRODUCTION: Researchers indicate an important relationship between the level of job satisfaction and the state of health of the employees. Some elements of work related with its character, organization, and interpersonal relationships may evoke strong stress, manifested by, among others, an increased musculoskeletal tension which, in turn, may lead to permanent dysfunction of this system. OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was analysis of the relationship between the level of job satisfaction and occurrence of musculoskeletal disorders among employees of the State Forests...
December 23, 2017: Annals of Agricultural and Environmental Medicine: AAEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29283603/incivility-and-employee-performance-citizenship-and-counterproductive-behaviors-implications-of-the-social-context
#13
Changguo Mao, Chu-Hsiang Chang, Russell E Johnson, Jianmin Sun
Drawing from the transactional model of stress, we examined how the social context moderates employees' behavioral responses to workplace incivility. On the basis of data from 384 employees nested in 41 groups, we observed a 3-way, cross-level interaction between individually experienced incivility, group incivility differentiation, and group silence predicting supervisor-rated employee performance, citizenship, and counterproductive behaviors. Specifically, employees' own incivility experiences predicted lower performance and citizenship behavior and higher counterproductive behavior in groups where members received highly different incivility treatment and kept silent...
December 28, 2017: Journal of Occupational Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29250014/gender-differences-in-posttraumatic-stress-symptoms-after-a-terrorist-attack-a-network-approach
#14
Marianne S Birkeland, Ines Blix, Øivind Solberg, Trond Heir
Background: Posttraumatic stress symptoms are more prevalent in women than in men. To improve our understanding of gender differences in PTSD, detailed knowledge about the underlying symptom networks and gender specific symptom profiles is needed. Objective: We aimed to describe the gender differences in levels of individual posttraumatic stress symptoms after a terrorist attack, as well as identify possible gender differences in associations between posttraumatic stress symptoms. Method: This study used survey data from ministerial employees directly (n = 190) and indirectly (n = 1,615) exposed to the 2011 Oslo bombing...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29250013/occupations-at-risk-and-organizational-well-being-an-empirical-test-of-a-job-insecurity-integrated-model
#15
Antonio Chirumbolo, Flavio Urbini, Antonino Callea, Alessandro Lo Presti, Alessandra Talamo
One of the more visible effects of the societal changes is the increased feelings of uncertainty in the workforce. In fact, job insecurity represents a crucial occupational risk factor and a major job stressor that has negative consequences on both organizational well-being and individual health. Many studies have focused on the consequences about the fear and the perception of losing the job as a whole (called quantitative job insecurity), while more recently research has begun to examine more extensively the worries and the perceptions of losing valued job features (called qualitative job insecurity)...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242108/a-multi-level-intervention-in-worksites-to-increase-fruit-and-vegetable-access-and-intake-rationale-design-and-methods-of-the-good-to-go-cluster-randomized-trial
#16
Patricia M Risica, Gemma Gorham, Laura Dionne, William Nardi, Doug Ng, Reese Middler, Jennifer Mello, Rahmet Akpolat, Katelyn Gettens, Kim M Gans
BACKGROUND: Fruit and vegetable (F&V) consumption is an important contributor to chronic disease prevention. However, most Americans do not eat adequate amounts. The worksite is an advantageous setting to reach large, diverse segments of the population with interventions to increase F&V intake, but research gaps exist. No studies have evaluated the implementation of mobile F&V markets at worksites nor compared the effectiveness of such markets with or without nutrition education. METHODS: This paper describes the protocol for Good to Go (GTG), a cluster randomized trial to evaluate F&V intake change in employees from worksites randomized into three experimental arms: discount, fresh F&V markets (Access Only arm); markets plus educational components including campaigns, cooking demonstrations, videos, newsletters, and a web site (Access Plus arm); and an attention placebo comparison intervention on physical activity and stress reduction (Comparison)...
December 11, 2017: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241422/factors-associated-with-injury-among-employees-at-a-u-s-army-hospital
#17
Anna Schuh-Renner, Michelle Canham-Chervak, Darren W Hearn, P Ann Loveless, Bruce H Jones
The purpose of this study was to investigate injury incidence and factors associated with injury among employees at a large U.S. Army hospital to inform injury prevention planning and health promotion education efforts. Demographics, health behaviors, and injury history were collected by survey from hospital employees between October and December 2014. Descriptive statistics were reported and factors associated with injury were determined using multiple logistic regression. Respondents (380; 56% females, 44% males; 54% active duty military, 45% civilians) reported a prevalence of unhealthy behaviors (e...
December 1, 2017: Workplace Health & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234956/work-participation-among-employees-with-common-mental-disorders-a-meta-synthesis
#18
REVIEW
Cecilie Nørby Thisted, Claus Vinther Nielsen, Merete Bjerrum
Purpose The aim was to aggregate knowledge about the opportunities, challenges and need for support employees with common mental disorders experience in relation to work participation in order to develop recommendations for practice. Methods A meta-synthesis was conducted using a meta-aggregative approach to accurately and reliably present findings that could be used to meet our aim. Qualitative inductive content analysis was used to analyze and synthesize the findings. Results In all, 252 findings were extracted from 16 papers, and six categories were generated and aggregated into two synthesized findings...
December 12, 2017: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234494/company-size-work-home-interference-and-well-being-of-self-employed-entrepreneurs
#19
Isabelle Godin, Pierre Desmarez, Céline Mahieu
Background: The impact of working conditions on the health and well-being of workers of large enterprises has been widely described. This influence has not been studied as extensively in very small and medium-sized enterprises mainly due to methodological difficulties. Smaller organisations nevertheless constitute a reality that needs to be better understood. Methodology: The aim of this article is to better understand the working conditions of entrepreneurs in small and medium-sized enterprises, to describe the impact of these conditions on their health and well-being, and to learn how their work affects their private lives...
2017: Archives of Public Health, Archives Belges de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217486/aberrant-promoter-methylation-in-genes-related-to-hematopoietic-malignancy-in-workers-exposed-to-a-voc-mixture
#20
Octavio Jiménez-Garza, Liqiong Guo, Hyang-Min Byun, Mariella Carrieri, Giovanni Battista Bartolucci, Briscia Socorro Barrón-Vivanco, Andrea A Baccarelli
Occupational exposure to volatile organic compounds (VOCs) may cause hematopoietic malignancy, either by single exposure to benzene or possibly due to a concomitant exposure to several VOCs. Since oxidative stress, inflammation and DNA repair pathways are closely involved in cancer development, the effect of VOC exposure on expression of proteins involved in these pathways has been studied, but epigenetic changes have not been well described. Here, DNA methylation status following occupational exposure to a VOC mixture was assessed by bisulfite sequencing of the promoter regions of seven genes involved in the mentioned pathways...
December 4, 2017: Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology
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