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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28454193/-mental-stress-of-professionals-in-residential-care-for-children-and-adolescents
#1
Thea Rau, Jeannine Ohlert, Corinna Seidler, Jörg M Fegert, Marc Allroggen
An increasingly important issue is the mental strain of professionals in residential care for children and adolescents. However, only few studies investigate mental strain and overload of professionals in an educational context in general and even less in youth welfare institutions. The goal of this study was to examine mental strain experiences of professionals with the "Perceived Stress Questionnaire" (PSQ) in youth welfare institutions, as well as to investigate the relationship between age, duration of employment in this work environment and gender of participants...
April 28, 2017: Psychotherapie, Psychosomatik, Medizinische Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444732/low-back-pain-among-nurses-in-slovenian-hospitals-cross-sectional-study
#2
B Skela-Savič, K Pesjak, S Hvalič-Touzery
AIM: The study investigated the prevalence and factors predicting low back pain among nurses in Slovenian hospitals. BACKGROUND: The risk factors for low back pain are physical and psychosocial. Implementation of interventions for reducing low back pain calls for management support, accessible equipment, education, knowledge and risk assessment. INTRODUCTION: Low back pain prevalence and incidence among healthcare workers is very high compared to the general population and is a strong risk factor for long-term sickness absence...
April 26, 2017: International Nursing Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432422/country-differences-of-psychosocial-working-conditions-in-europe-the-role-of-health-and-safety-management-practices
#3
Thorsten Lunau, Nico Dragano, Johannes Siegrist, Morten Wahrendorf
BACKGROUND: In times of demographic change, maintaining health and employability of older employees is important. In this context, studies show that stressful working conditions differ by countries. Yet, it is unclear if specific national management practices to deal with these conditions contribute towards explaining country differences. METHODS: This study combines two different data sources. The first one provides detailed information on psychosocial working conditions in 17 European countries, based on 12,284 employees from the Survey of Health, Ageing and Retirement in Europe (SHARE) and the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing (ELSA)...
April 21, 2017: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421021/employee-wellbeing-evaluating-a-wellbeing-intervention-in-two-settings
#4
Alexis Keeman, Katharina Näswall, Sanna Malinen, Joana Kuntz
This research presents two studies conducted to evaluate the Wellbeing Game in two different contexts: In a student sample and in an organizational setting. Study 1 investigated the efficacy of the Wellbeing Game, in terms of its effect of wellbeing, stress, and an image valence test, among 60 university students. The results showed that after playing the Wellbeing Game, students reported a significant positive change in wellbeing compared to those who did not play the Wellbeing Game, but there was no decrease in stress or any change in classification of image valence...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420563/compassion-mindfulness-and-the-happiness-of-healthcare-workers
#5
Roberto P Benzo, Janae L Kirsch, Carlie Nelson
CONTEXT: Decreased well-being of healthcare workers expressed as stress and decreased job satisfaction influences patient safety, patient satisfaction, and cost containment. Self-compassion has garnered recent attention due to its positive association with well-being and happiness. Discovering novel pathways to increase the well-being of healthcare workers is essential. OBJECTIVE: This study sought to explore the influence of self-compassion on employee happiness in healthcare professionals...
February 24, 2017: Explore: the Journal of Science and Healing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408363/wittyfit-live-your-work-differently-study-protocol-for-a-workplace-delivered-health-promotion
#6
Frédéric Dutheil, Martine Duclos, Geraldine Naughton, Samuel Dewavrin, Thomas Cornet, Pascal Huguet, Jean-Claude Chatard, Bruno Pereira
BACKGROUND: Morbidity before retirement has a huge cost, burdening both public health and workplace finances. Multiple factors increase morbidity such as stress at work, sedentary behavior or low physical activity, and poor nutrition practices. Nowadays, the digital world offers infinite opportunities to interact with workers. The WittyFit software was designed to understand holistic issues of workers by promoting individualized behavior changes at the workplace. OBJECTIVE: The shorter term feasibility objective is to demonstrate that effective use of WittyFit will increase well-being and improve health-related behaviors...
April 13, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407210/the-association-of-sleep-disturbances-with-endocrine-and-perceived-stress-reactivity-measures-in-male-employees
#7
Marta Jackowska, Reinhard Fuchs, Sandra Klaperski
Evidence on the relationship between stress reactivity and sleep is conflicting. This study examined the association between disturbed sleep and perceived and endocrine stress reactivity independently of age, body mass index (BMI), and chronic stress. One hundred and twenty middle-aged men were exposed to the Trier Social Stress Test for Groups. The Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index and the Perceived Stress Reactivity Scale were used to assess sleep and perceived stress reactivity, respectively. Endocrine stress reactivity was examined by assessing salivary cortisol levels...
April 13, 2017: British Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407025/relationships-between-temperaments-occupational-stress-and-insomnia-among-japanese-workers
#8
Yasuhiko Deguchi, Shinichi Iwasaki, Hideyuki Ishimoto, Koichiro Ogawa, Yuichi Fukuda, Tomoko Nitta, Tomoe Mitake, Yukako Nogi, Koki Inoue
Insomnia among workers reduces the quality of life, contributes toward the economic burden of healthcare costs and losses in work performance. The relationship between occupational stress and insomnia has been reported in previous studies, but there has been little attention to temperament in occupational safety and health research. The aim of this study was to clarify the relationships between temperament, occupational stress, and insomnia. The subjects were 133 Japanese daytime local government employees...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395308/evaluation-of-a-training-program-to-reduce-stressful-trunk-postures-in-the-nursing-professions-a-pilot-study
#9
Agnessa Kozak, Sonja Freitag, Albert Nienhaus
Objectives: The aim of this pilot study was to evaluate metrologically the effectiveness of a training program on the reduction of stressful trunk postures in geriatric nursing professions. Methods: A training program, consisting of instruction on body postures in nursing, practical ergonomic work methods at the bedside or in the bathroom, reorganization of work equipment, and physical exercises, was conducted in 12 wards of 6 nursing homes in Germany. The Computer-Assisted Recording and Long-Term Analysis of Musculoskeletal Loads (CUELA) measurement system was used to evaluate all movements and trunk postures adopted during work before and 6 months after the training program...
January 1, 2017: Annals of Work Exposures and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28378560/what-kind-of-stress-is-associated-with-depression-anxiety-and-suicidal-ideation-in-korean-employees
#10
Young Chul Shin, Daeun Lee, Jinmi Seol, Se Won Lim
Various types of stress affect mental health in the form of mood disorders, anxiety disorders, and suicidal ideation. Recently, the increasing suicide rate in the working-age population has become a major mental health concern in Korea. Thus, we investigated what kind of stress influence depression, anxiety, and suicidal ideation in Korean employees. The study participants were 189,965 employees who attended health screenings and responded to the Center for Epidemiologic Study-Depression Scale, the Beck Anxiety Inventory, and a questionnaire on the major causes of stress and suicidal ideation...
May 2017: Journal of Korean Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377849/tobacco-use-and-preferences-for-wellness-programs-among-health-aides-and-other-employees-of-an-alaska-native-health-corporation-in-western-alaska
#11
Christi A Patten, Carrie A Bronars, Matthew Scott, Rahnia Boyer, Harry Lando, Matthew M Clark, Kenneth Resnicow, Paul A Decker, Tabetha A Brockman, Agnes Roland, Marcelo Hanza
This study assessed health behaviors and preferences for wellness programs among employees of a worksite serving Alaska Native-people. Village-based Community Health Aides/Practitioners (CHA/Ps) were compared with all other employees on health indicators and program preferences. Using a cross-sectional design, all 1290 employees at the Yukon Kuskokwim Health Corporation (YKHC) in Western Alaska were invited in 2015 to participate in a 30-item online survey. Items assessed health behaviors, perceived stress, resiliency, and preferences for wellness topics and program delivery formats...
June 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377811/perceptions-of-work-stress-causes-and-effective-interventions-in-employees-working-in-public-private-and-non-governmental-organisations-a-qualitative-study
#12
Kamaldeep Bhui, Sokratis Dinos, Magdalena Galant-Miecznikowska, Bertine de Jongh, Stephen Stansfeld
Aims and method To identify causes of stress at work as well as individual, organisational and personal interventions used by employees to manage stress in public, private and non-governmental organizations (NGOs). Qualitative interviews were conducted with 51 employees from a range of organisations. Results Participants reported adverse working conditions and management practices as common causes of work stress. Stress-inducing management practices included unrealistic demands, lack of support, unfair treatment, low decision latitude, lack of appreciation, effort-reward imbalance, conflicting roles, lack of transparency and poor communication...
December 2016: BJPsych Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377806/job-stress-and-burnout-in-the-care-staff-of-leros-pikpa-asylum-25-years-after-the-first-deinstitutionalisation-and-rehabilitation-greek-project
#13
Anastasia Bougea, Manolis Kostas Kleisarchakis, Nikolaos Spantideas, Panagiota Voskou, Thomas Thomaides, George Chrousos, Sophia Andreas Belegri
Aims and method To identify correlates between burnout and job stress of care staff at Leros PIKPA Asylum. Forty-nine asylum employees were assessed by Maslach's Burnout Inventory, a sociodemographic questionnaire, the Perceived Stress Scale and the Job Content Questionnaire. Results Emotional exhaustion is related negatively to social support (P = 0.010, r = -0.362). Lack of job achievements is related positively to overall job responsibility (P = 0.040) and negatively to lack of job satisfaction (r = -0.430)...
December 2016: BJPsych Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28370106/the-negative-impact-of-prison-work-on-sleep-health
#14
Lois James, Natalie Todak, Suzanne Best
OBJECTIVES: To examine the prevalence of sleep disorders, deprivation, and quality in a sample of prison employees, and investigate the relationship between exposure to work-related critical incidents and sleep. METHODS: We surveyed 355 Washington State Department of Corrections employees. The survey included the Pittsburg Sleep Quality Index and the Critical Incident History Questionnaire. RESULTS: We found 28% and 45% of the sample reported suffering from Apnea and insomnia, respectively...
March 30, 2017: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28364840/status-inconsistency-in-groups-how-discrepancies-between-instrumental-and-expressive-status-result-in-symptoms-of-stress
#15
Hendrik Johan van de Brake, André Grow, Jan Kornelis Dijkstra
This study examines whether a mismatch between the positions that individuals hold in different status hierarchies results in symptoms of stress. Prior research has focused on inconsistencies between socioeconomic status dimensions (e.g., education and income) and did not find a significant relation between status inconsistency and stress. In this paper, we build on research on role differentiation and propose to study the effect of inconsistencies between instrumental status and expressive status in group contexts...
May 2017: Social Science Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28363881/trajectories-of-depressive-symptoms-among-web-based-health-risk-assessment-participants
#16
Richard Bedrosian, Matt Hawrilenko, Heather Cole-Lewis
BACKGROUND: Health risk assessments (HRAs), which often screen for depressive symptoms, are administered to millions of employees and health plan members each year. HRA data provide an opportunity to examine longitudinal trends in depressive symptomatology, as researchers have done previously with other populations. OBJECTIVE: The primary research questions were: (1) Can we observe longitudinal trajectories in HRA populations like those observed in other study samples? (2) Do HRA variables, which primarily reflect modifiable health risks, help us to identify predictors associated with these trajectories? (3) Can we make meaningful recommendations for population health management, applicable to HRA participants, based on predictors we identify? METHODS: This study used growth mixture modeling (GMM) to examine longitudinal trends in depressive symptomatology among 22,963 participants in a Web-based HRA used by US employers and health plans...
March 31, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28363802/sociocultural-factors-influencing-eating-practices-among-office-workers-in-urban-south-korea
#17
Sohyun Park, Eunju Sung, Yuni Choi, Seungho Ryu, Yoosoo Chang, Joel Gittelsohn
OBJECTIVE: To understand the sociocultural factors affecting the eating behaviors of South Korean employees. DESIGN: In-depth individual interviews. SETTING: Two metropolitan areas of South Korea. PARTICIPANTS: Thirteen male and 9 female office workers. PHENOMENON OF INTEREST: The effects of sociocultural factors on office workers' eating behaviors. ANALYSIS: The researchers transcribed and analyzed audio-recorded interviews using thematic analysis...
March 28, 2017: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28358639/review-of-hazards-to-female-reproductive-health-in-veterinary-practice
#18
Joni M Scheftel, Brigid L Elchos, Carol S Rubin, John A Decker
OBJECTIVE To review publications that address female reproductive health hazards in veterinary practice, summarize best practices to mitigate reproductive risks, and identify current knowledge gaps. DESIGN Systematized review. SAMPLE English-language articles describing chemical, biological, and physical hazards present in the veterinary workplace and associations with adverse reproductive outcomes or recommendations for minimizing risks to female reproductive health. PROCEDURES Searches of the CAB abstracts database were performed in July 2012 and in May 2015 with the following search terms: veterinarians AND occupational hazards and vets...
April 15, 2017: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28358572/advances-in-recovery-research-what-have-we-learned-what-should-be-done-next
#19
Sabine Sonnentag, Laura Venz, Anne Casper
Job-stress recovery during nonwork time is an important factor for employee well-being. This article reviews the recovery literature, starting with a brief historical overview. It provides a definition of recovery that differentiates between recovery as a process and recovery as an outcome. Empirical studies have shown that recovery activities (e.g., physical exercise) and recovery experiences (e.g., psychological detachment from work) are negatively associated with strain symptoms (e.g., exhaustion) and positively associated with positive well-being indicators (e...
March 30, 2017: Journal of Occupational Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28357607/social-support-and-its-interrelationships-with-demand-control-model-factors-on-presenteeism-and-absenteeism-in-japanese-civil-servants
#20
Yasuaki Saijo, Eiji Yoshioka, Yoshihiko Nakagi, Yasuyuki Kawanishi, Sharon J B Hanley, Takahiko Yoshida
OBJECTIVES: To elucidate the impact of social support and its interrelations with other demand-control-support (DCS) model factors on presenteeism and absenteeism, and to determine which DCS factors were most influential. METHODS: Questionnaires from 2535 local government employees were analyzed. The Brief Job Stress Questionnaire (BJSQ) was used to assess DCS factors including job demand, job control, and social support from supervisors and coworkers. The Stanford Presenteeism Scale 13-item version (SPS-13) was used to evaluate both absenteeism (absent days) and presenteeism...
March 29, 2017: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
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