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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144535/a-health-economic-outcome-evaluation-of-an-internet-based-mobile-supported-stress-management-intervention-for-employees
#1
David Daniel Ebert, Fanny Kählke, Claudia Buntrock, Matthias Berking, Filip Smit, Elena Heber, Harald Baumeister, Burkhardt Funk, Heleen Riper, Dirk Lehr
Objective This study aimed to estimate and evaluate the cost-effectiveness and cost-benefit of a guided internet- and mobile-supported occupational stress-management intervention (iSMI) for employees from the employer's perspective alongside a randomized controlled trial. Methods A sample of 264 employees with elevated symptoms of perceived stress (Perceived Stress Scale, PSS-10 ≥22) was randomly assigned either to the iSMI or a waitlist control (WLC) group with unrestricted access to treatment as usual. The iSMI consisted of seven sessions of problem-solving and emotion-regulation techniques and one booster session...
November 16, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141601/associations-between-occupational-stress-burnout-and-well-being-among-manufacturing-workers-mediating-roles-of-psychological-capital-and-self-esteem
#2
Ziyue Wang, Hongbo Liu, Haijian Yu, Yanwen Wu, Shuai Chang, Lie Wang
BACKGROUND: Occupational stress is an important risk factor for mental health among occupational population. Exploring related mediators of workers' mental health are important to improve their health and performance. Our study aims to explore the relationships between work stress, positive psychological resources, burnout and well-being. METHODS: The study was performed during the period of June and July in 2015. A questionnaire that consisted of the Effort-reward Imbalance Scale, the Maslach Burnout Inventory-General Survey, the Psychological Capital Questionnaire, the Rosenberg Self-esteem Scale, the Flourishing Scale, as well as demographic and working factors...
November 15, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134261/drivers-and-challenges-for-implementing-iso-14001-environmental-management-systems-in-an-emerging-gulf-arab-country
#3
Marie-France Waxin, Sandra L Knuteson, Aaron Bartholomew
Worldwide, ISO 14001 certification for organizations has become the norm, but the Arab world accounts for an insignificant portion of all the certified organizations. There is a dearth of research on environmental management systems (EMS) in Arab and emerging countries and in public organizations. The objectives of this research are to: (1) examine the key drivers and challenges related to implementation of ISO 14001 certified EMS in the United Arab Emirates, an emerging Arab country and (2) compare and contrast these drivers and challenges between private and public organizations...
November 13, 2017: Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119956/-a-study-of-the-effective-psychotherapist-image-and-expectations-about-psychotherapy-among-the-employees-of-hazardous-occupations-policemen
#4
V A Agarkov, S A Bronfman, D Y Maltseva
BACKGRAUND: The objective of the present study was to estimate the expectations about psychotherapy in terms of social and medical rehabilitation among the employees of hazardous occupations suffering from the consequences of a psychological trauma. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 100 subjects employed by various departments of the Russian Ministry of Internal Affairs (MIA) were recruited to participate in the study. Their age varied from 19 to 35 (mean 25.8±3...
2017: Voprosy Kurortologii, Fizioterapii, i Lechebnoĭ Fizicheskoĭ Kultury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29116990/factors-influencing-job-satisfaction-among-long-term-care-staff
#5
Kelly Doran, Barbara Resnick, Jennifer Swanberg
OBJECTIVE: We assessed the intrapersonal, interpersonal, and organizational factors that predicted job satisfaction among long-term care employees. METHODS: Baseline data were used to describe characteristics that influence job satisfaction. Using a forced linear regression model, while controlling for age and job title, we assessed if higher physical activity levels, fewer symptoms of depression, stress, and/or anxiety (ie, decreased mood), less back pain, stronger social support, and reports of low work demands were associated with higher job satisfaction...
November 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29116658/interventions-to-improve-employee-health-and-well-being-within-health-care-organizations-a-systematic-review
#6
Stephen P Williams, Humza T Malik, Christopher R Nicolay, Sankalp Chaturvedi, Ara Darzi, Sanjay Purkayastha
In response to an increasing body of evidence on the importance of employee health and well-being (HWB) within health care, there has been a shift in focus from both policymakers and individual organizations toward improving health care employee HWB. However, there is something of a paucity of evidence regarding the impact and value of specific HWB interventions within a health care setting. The aim of this article was to systematically review the literature on this topic utilizing the EMBASE, Global Health, Health Management Information Consortium, MEDLINE, and PsycINFO databases...
November 8, 2017: Journal of Healthcare Risk Management: the Journal of the American Society for Healthcare Risk Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29109358/burnout-syndrome-as-an-occupational-disease-in-the-european-union-an-exploratory-study
#7
Andrea Lastovkova, Melanie Carder, Hans Martin Rasmussen, Lars Sjoberg, Gerda J de Groene, Riitta Sauni, Jiri Vevoda, Sarka Vevodova, Gerard Lasfargues, Magnus Svartengren, Marek Varga, Claudio Colossio, Daniela Pelclova
The risk of psychological disorders influencing the health of workers increases in accordance with growing requirements on employees across various professions. This study aimed to compare approaches to the burnout syndrome in European countries. A questionnaire focusing on stress-related occupational diseases was distributed to national experts of 28 European Union countries. A total of 23 countries responded. In 9 countries (Denmark, Estonia, France, Hungary, Latvia, Netherlands, Portugal, Slovakia and Sweden) burnout syndrome may be acknowledged as an occupational disease...
November 3, 2017: Industrial Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29104228/work-life-imbalance-and-musculoskeletal-disorders-among-south-korean-workers
#8
Young-Mee Kim, Sung-Il Cho
Employed workers often have family responsibilities such as childcare or homemaking. This dual burden may increase work-related health problems, particularly if there are conflicts between work and family responsibilities. This study assessed whether difficulty in work-life balance is associated with musculoskeletal disorders (MSD) among Korean employees. Data from the population-based Korean Working Conditions Survey of 2011, including 28,640 male and 21,392 female workers, were used. Men and women were analyzed separately to investigate gender differences...
November 1, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095128/-it-s-off-to-work-we-go-person-environment-fit-and-turnover-intentions-in-managerial-and-administrative-mining-personnel
#9
Rachel Morrow, Paula Brough
PURPOSE: Person-environment fit asserts that incompatibility between an employee and aspects of their work environment is more likely to lead to occupational stress. The aim of this study was to investigate the impact varying levels of person-environment fit had on key criterion outcomes including, work engagement, work-related wellbeing and turnover intentions in a unique sample of managerial and administrative mining personnel. METHOD: An online self-report survey was distributed to an Australian mining organisation by the companies Chief Executive Officer...
November 2, 2017: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics: JOSE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29093366/a-japanese-stress-check-program-screening-tool-predicts-employee-long-term-sickness-absence-a-prospective-study
#10
Akizumi Tsutsumi, Akihito Shimazu, Hisashi Eguchi, Akiomi Inoue, Norito Kawakami
ObjectivesOn December 1, 2015, the Japanese government launched the Stress Check Program, a new occupational health policy to screen employees for high psychosocial stress in the workplace. As only weak evidence exists for the effectiveness of the program, we sought to estimate the risk of stress-associated long-term sickness absence as defined in the program manual.MethodsParticipants were 7356 male and 7362 female employees in a financial service company who completed the Brief Job Stress Questionnaire (BJSQ)...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29082831/a-mindfulness-training-program-based-on-brief-practices-m-pbi-to-reduce-stress-in-the-workplace-a-randomised-controlled-pilot-study
#11
M Arredondo, M Sabaté, N Valveny, M Langa, R Dosantos, J Moreno, L Botella
Work stress is a major contributor to absenteeism and reduced work productivity. A randomised and controlled study in employee-volunteers (with Perceived Stress Scale [PSS-14]>22) was performed to assess a mindfulness program based on brief integrated mindfulness practices (M-PBI) with the aim of reducing stress in the workplace. The PSS-14 of the employees before and after 8-weeks M-PBI program, as well as after a 20-week follow-up, was assessed (primary endpoint). The employees also carried the following questionnaires (secondary endpoints): Five Facet Mindfulness Questionnaire (FFMQ), Self-Compassion Scale (SCS), Experiences Questionnaire-Decentering (EQ-D), and Maslach Burnout Inventory-General Survey (MBI-GS)...
October 30, 2017: International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29078001/coping-strategies-as-moderators-of-the-association-between-combat-exposure-and-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-symptoms
#12
Thomas W Britt, Amy B Adler, Gargi Sawhney, Paul D Bliese
The present research examined selected coping strategies as moderators of the relationship between combat exposure and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms among service members who were deployed to Iraq (N = 2,023) and Afghanistan (N = 1,023). A three-factor model of coping was confirmed for both military operations: positive emotion-focused, self-blame, and prayer/spirituality. Positive emotion-focused coping was inversely associated with PTSD symptoms (r = -.14) and buffered service members from the negative effects of combat exposure in both Iraq (r(2) = ...
October 2017: Journal of Traumatic Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29069108/the-prevalence-characteristics-and-correlates-of-anger-among-survivors-of-the-9-11-world-trade-center-attacks
#13
Duy Vu Tran, Carol S North
BACKGROUND: Anger is a prominent and common emotion in postdisaster settings. However, there has been little systematic investigation of the association of anger with psychopathology or other individual characteristics in disaster survivors. This study examined anger responses reported by disaster survivors and correlates of that anger. METHODS: Structured interviews were conducted with a volunteer sample of 379 employees of 7 agencies that were highly affected by the September 11, 2001, terrorist attacks on the World Trade Center in New York City...
November 2017: Annals of Clinical Psychiatry: Official Journal of the American Academy of Clinical Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053640/enhancing-resources-at-the-workplace-with-health-promoting-leadership
#14
Paul Jiménez, Anita Bregenzer, K Wolfgang Kallus, Bianca Fruhwirth, Verena Wagner-Hartl
Leaders engaging in health-promoting leadership can influence their employees' health directly by showing health awareness or indirectly by changing working conditions. With health-promoting leadership, leaders are able to support a healthy working environment by providing resource-oriented working conditions for their employees to support their health. Changing working conditions in a health-supportive way can prevent possible negative consequences from critical working conditions (e.g., burnout risk). The present study examined the relationship between health-promoting leadership and the employees' resources, stress and burnout...
October 20, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046811/association-between-supervisors-behavior-and-wage-workers-job-stress-in-korea-analysis-of-the-fourth-korean-working-conditions-survey
#15
Shin Uk Kang, Byeong Jin Ye, ByoungGwon Kim, Jung Il Kim, Jung Woo Kim
BACKGROUND: In modern society, many workers are stressed. Supervisors' support or behavior can affect the emotional or psychological part of the worker. The purpose of this study is to investigate the effect of supervisor's behavior on worker's stress. METHODS: The study included 19,272 subjects following the assignment of weighted values to workers other than soldiers using data from the Fourth Korean Working Condition Survey. Supervisors' behavior was measured using 5 items: "supervisor feedback regarding work," "respectful attitude," "good conflict-resolution ability," "good work-related planning and organizational ability," and the encouragement of participation in important decision making...
2017: Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046125/pretreatment-with-n-acetyl-cysteine-suppresses-chronic-reactive-astrogliosis-following-maternal-nanoparticle-exposure-during-gestational-period
#16
Atsuto Onoda, Ken Takeda, Masakazu Umezawa
Early pregnant employees are potentially and unintendedly exposed to industrial chemicals including nanoparticles. Developmental toxicity of nanoparticle exposure has been concerned because exposure to fine particle including carbon black nanoparticle (CB-NP) during the brain developmental stage enhances the risk of brain disorders. Maternal CB-NP exposure dose-dependently induces astrogliosis, which is an abnormal increase in the reactive astrocytes with glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) and aquaporin-4 overexpression due to the destruction of nearby neurons and blood vessels...
October 19, 2017: Nanotoxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038689/making-connections-exploring-the-centrality-of-posttraumatic-stress-symptoms-and-covariates-after-a-terrorist-attack
#17
Marianne Skogbrott Birkeland, Trond Heir
Background: Posttraumatic stress symptoms are interconnected. Knowledge about which symptoms of posttraumatic stress are more strongly interconnected or central than others may have implications for the targeting of clinical interventions. Exploring whether symptoms of posttraumatic stress may be differentially related to covariates can contribute to our knowledge on how posttraumatic stress symptoms arise and are maintained. Objective: This study aimed to identify the most central symptoms of posttraumatic stress and their interconnections, and to explore how covariates such as exposure, sex, neuroticism, and social support are related to the network of symptoms of posttraumatic stress...
2017: European Journal of Psychotraumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036865/differences-in-low-back-pain-occurrence-over-a-6-month-period-between-four-recovery-stress-groups
#18
Tobias Mierswa, Michael Kellmann
BACKGROUND: Psychosocial work factors and general recovery experiences are hypothesised to influence the risk of low back pain (LBP) occurrence by influencing the acute recovery-stress state. So far, however, direct links between the acute recovery-stress state and LBP occurrence have not been investigated in detail. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate differences in low back pain occurrence between four distinct recovery-stress groups over a period of 6 month...
2017: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036545/rhizarthrosis-in-banknote-processing-workers-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#19
G Verrijdt, A De Landtsheer, A Mellen, L Godderis
Background: Rhizarthrosis, or osteoarthritis of the base of the thumb, is a common condition affecting 10-30% of the population over the age of 60. Whether it is an occupational disease has been the subject of debate as epidemiological studies on the correlation between physical stress and the presence of rhizarthrosis have shown conflicting results. Aims: To study the correlation between the prevalence of rhizarthrosis and the time spent by employees manually processing banknotes at the National Bank of Belgium (NBB)...
September 27, 2017: Occupational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026726/hand-grip-strength-and-gender-allometric-normalization-in-older-adults-and-implications-for-the-niosh-lifting-equation
#20
Trish Gail Sevene, Joseph Berning, Chad Harris, Mike Climstein, Kent Jason Adams, Mark DeBeliso
BACKGROUND: Many countries are experiencing an aging workforce with women workers making up a growing proportion. Workplaces often require employees to complete lifting tasks that require the ability of the hand to grasp an implement (coupling). The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) has developed an equation for manual lifting tasks hoping to minimize the potential for a workplace back-injury related to a lifting task. The NIOSH lifting equation relies upon stress variables including a coupling factor...
July 2017: Journal of Lifestyle Medicine
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