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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087546/association-between-insomnia-symptoms-job-strain-and-burnout-syndrome-a-cross-sectional-survey-of-1300-financial-workers
#1
Arnaud Metlaine, Fabien Sauvet, Danielle Gomez-Merino, Maxime Elbaz, Jean Yves Delafosse, Damien Leger, Mounir Chennaoui
OBJECTIVES: Professional burnout is closely related to work stress but less frequently associated with disturbed sleep. This study determines whether job strain and sleep disturbances are associated risk factors of burnout among financial workers. DESIGN: Observational study. PARTICIPANTS: 1300 employees (725 female) of a financial company. PRIMARY MEASURES: Self-reported questionnaires (Maslach Burnout Inventory, Job Content Questionnaire, Sleep questionnaire based on ICSD-3 classification), the Epworth sleepiness scale and the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS)...
January 13, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079622/prevalence-and-determinants-of-job-stress-in-patients-with-inflammatory-bowel-disease
#2
Philipp Schreiner, Luc Biedermann, Jean-Benoit Rossel, Gerhard Rogler, Valérie Pittet, Roland von Känel
BACKGROUND: Psychosocial factors have been shown to predict a poor disease course in patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), but whether this applies to job stress is currently unknown. We assessed the prevalence of job stress and its correlates in a large cohort of patients with IBD. METHODS: We included all adult, professionally active patients enrolled between 2006 and 2015 in the Swiss IBD Cohort. Job stress was measured through the self-report effort-reward imbalance ratio and overcommitment (OC) to work questionnaires...
January 10, 2017: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078920/do-predictors-of-return-to-work-and-recurrence-of-work-disability-due-to-mental-disorders-vary-by-age-a-cohort-study
#3
Pauliina Mattila-Holappa, Jenni Ervasti, Matti Joensuu, Kirsi Ahola, Jaana Pentti, Tuula Oksanen, Jussi Vahtera, Mika KivimÄki, Marianna Virtanen
BACKGROUND: The extent to which predictors of return to work (RTW) and recurrence of work disability episodes vary by age group is not well understood. METHODS: We examined the associations of sociodemographic and clinical factors with RTW and recurrence after mental-disorder-related work disability episodes in a cohort of 10,496 Finnish public sector employees. Disability records were derived from national disability registers between 2005 and 2011. Effect modification by age was examined in age groups of 21-34, 35-50 and >50 years...
January 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052089/evaluation-of-pressure-pain-threshold-as-a-measure-of-perceived-stress-and-high-job-strain
#4
Lisbeth Hven, Poul Frost, Jens Peter Ellekilde Bonde
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether pressure pain threshold (PPT), determined by pressure algometry, can be used as an objective measure of perceived stress and job strain. METHODS: We used cross-sectional base line data collected during 1994 to 1995 within the Project on Research and Intervention in Monotonous work (PRIM), which included 3123 employees from a variety of Danish companies. Questionnaire data included 18 items on stress symptoms, 23 items from the Karasek scale on job strain, and information on discomfort in specified anatomical regions was also collected...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045796/physiological-load-and-psychological-stress-during-a-24-hour-work-shift-among-finnish-firefighters
#5
Piia Kaikkonen, Harri Lindholm, Sirpa Lusa
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to describe physiological load and psychological stress of Finnish firefighters during a 24-hour work shift. METHODS: R-R intervals were recorded during 24-hour work shifts. Short-time Fourier transform was used to analyze heart rate variability during shifts. RESULTS: HRmean, HRpeak, and square root of the mean of the sum of the squares of the differences between adjacent R-to-R peak intervals of the 24-hour shift was 73 ± 7 bpm (38 ± 4% of HRmax), 156 ± 16 bpm (82 ± 8% of HRmax), and 42 ± 14 ms...
January 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027045/role-of-occupational-therapy-in-preventing-work-related-musculoskeletal-disorders-with-recycling-workers-a-pilot-study
#6
Thomas Fisher
Little is known about injury prevention in recycling workers; therefore, in this study, I aimed to identify physical and psychosocial risk factors for employees involved in single-stream recycling and to explore strategies for prevention and wellness. Fifteen participants who were either recycling workers or supervisors located throughout seven locations on an urban university campus participated. A mixed-methods research design was used to obtain data through a variety of standardized work environment and health questionnaires and semistructured interviews...
January 2017: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28009592/assessment-of-acute-trauma-exposure-response-for-fire-ems-personnel
#7
Melissa C Hoffmann
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to develop an instrument that measures response to acute trauma exposure for firefighter and emergency medical service (EMS) personnel. The Acute Trauma Exposure Response Scale (ATERS) was intended to assess firefighter and EMS personnel response to acute trauma exposure from analytical, emotional, and physical perspectives. METHODS: Data were analyzed on 97 firefighter and EMS personnel employed by a fire department in a mid-sized city in a western state...
2016: Journal of Applied Measurement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28009385/a-study-on-mobbing-in-maritime-field-a-case-study-in-the-turkish-maritime-industry
#8
Serdar Kum, Yildiray Ertas
Nowadays, there are many reasons for people to be stressful and restless in their working environments. One of the reasons leading to this situation is known as "mobbing". The term "mobbing" means "bullying of an individual by a group". It usually happens among employees. The main effects of mobbing are the generation of stress and reduction of employee performance at work. In general, research shows that mobbing is particularly common in the public sector. The aim of this research is to understand the frequency of mobbing on employees in the Turkish maritime industry as a case study...
2016: International Maritime Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27995623/organizational-politics-nurses-stress-burnout-levels-turnover-intention-and-job-satisfaction
#9
L J Labrague, D M McEnroe-Petitte, D Gloe, K Tsaras, D L Arteche, F Maldia
AIM: This is a research report examining the influence of organizational politics perceptions on nurses' work outcomes (job satisfaction, work stress, job burnout and turnover intention). BACKGROUND: Organizational politics is a phenomenon common in almost all institutions and is linked with undesirable consequences in employees. INTRODUCTION: Despite the plethora of research around the world on this topic, studies describing organizational politics in nursing remain underexplored...
December 20, 2016: International Nursing Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27978858/increasing-engagement-with-and-effectiveness-of-an-online-cbt-based-stress-management-intervention-for-employees-through-the-use-of-an-online-facilitated-bulletin-board-study-protocol-for-a-pilot-randomised-controlled-trial
#10
Stephany Carolan, Peter R Harris, Kathryn Greenwood, Kate Cavanagh
BACKGROUND: The evidence for the benefits of online cognitive behaviour therapy (CBT)-based programmes delivered in a clinical context is clear, but this evidence does not translate to online CBT-based stress management programmes delivered within a workplace context. One of the challenges to the delivery of online interventions is programme engagement; this challenge is even more acute for interventions delivered in real-world settings such as the workplace. The purpose of this pilot study is to explore the effect of an online facilitated discussion group on engagement, and to estimate the potential effectiveness of an online CBT-based stress management programme...
December 15, 2016: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27942734/the-impact-of-reduced-worktime-on-sleep-and-perceived-stress-a-group-randomized-intervention-study-using-diary-data
#11
Helena Schiller, Mats Lekander, Kristiina Rajaleid, Carina Hellgren, Torbjörn Åkerstedt, Peter Barck-Holst, Göran Kecklund
Objective Insufficient time for recovery between workdays may cause fatigue and disturbed sleep. This study evaluated the impact of an intervention that reduced weekly working hours by 25% on sleep, sleepiness and perceived stress for employees within the public sector. Method Participating workplaces (N=33) were randomized into intervention and control groups. Participants (N=580, 76% women) worked full-time at baseline. The intervention group (N=354) reduced worktime to 75% with preserved salary during 18 months...
December 12, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27941643/the-base-program-a-multidimensional-approach-for-health-promotion-in-companies
#12
Bettina Wollesen, Josefine Menzel, Heiko Lex, Klaus Mattes
Multidimensional assessments for conducting interventions are needed to achieve positive health effects within companies. BASE is an acronym, consisting of B = "Bedarfsbestimmung" (requirements); A = "Arbeitsplatzorganisation" (organisation of work); S = "Schulung des belastungsverträglichen Alltagshandelns" (coaching preventive behaviour at work); E = "Eigenverantwortung und Selbstwirksamkeit" (self-responsibility and self-efficacy). It is a prevention program designed to avoid and reduce work-related musculoskeletal diseases...
December 8, 2016: Healthcare (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27935146/resilience-of-cyber-systems-with-over-and-underregulation
#13
Viktoria Gisladottir, Alexander A Ganin, Jeffrey M Keisler, Jeremy Kepner, Igor Linkov
Recent cyber attacks provide evidence of increased threats to our critical systems and infrastructure. A common reaction to a new threat is to harden the system by adding new rules and regulations. As federal and state governments request new procedures to follow, each of their organizations implements their own cyber defense strategies. This unintentionally increases time and effort that employees spend on training and policy implementation and decreases the time and latitude to perform critical job functions, thus raising overall levels of stress...
December 9, 2016: Risk Analysis: An Official Publication of the Society for Risk Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930483/autonomy-and-firefighting-perceived-competence-and-stress
#14
Evelyn S Chiang, John Baley, Joy Ponder, Miguel A Padilla
OBJECTIVE: In workplace settings, autonomy is implicated in employee motivation as well as supervisor autonomy support. As a profession of risk, firefighters may experience greater levels of stress. METHODS: A self-determination paradigm was applied to the firefighter workplace. Of particular interest were perceived competence (to perform job duties) and the experience of stress. Firefighters' levels of autonomous and controlled regulation were surveyed, along with their perceptions of the autonomy support of their immediate supervisor...
December 2016: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928982/hospitals-soft-target-for-terrorism
#15
Harald De Cauwer, Francis Somville, Marc Sabbe, Luc J Mortelmans
In recent years, the world has been rocked repeatedly by terrorist attacks. Arguably, the most remarkable were: the series of four coordinated suicide plane attacks on September 11, 2001 on buildings in New York, Virginia, and Pennsylvania, USA; and the recent series of two coordinated attacks in Brussels (Belgium), on March 22, 2016, involving two bombings at the departure hall of Brussels International Airport and a bombing at Maalbeek Metro Station located near the European Commission headquarters in the center of Brussels...
December 8, 2016: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928528/a-path-model-of-job-stress-using-thai-job-content-questionnaire-thai-jcq-among-thai-immigrant-employees-at-the-central-region-of-thailand
#16
Chonticha Kaewanuchit, Yothin Sawangdee
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to verify a path model of job stress using Thai-JCQ. METHODS: The population of this cross-sectional study was 800 immigrant employees in the central region of Thailand in 2015 by stratified random sampling. Instruments used both the applied and standard questionnaires. Job stress was measured using Thai-JCQ dealt with psychosocial work factors. A path model of job stress using Thai-JCQ was verified using M-plus. RESULTS: Variables could explain the job stress change by 22...
August 2016: Iranian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925448/overload-and-cutbacks-and-freezes-oh-my-the-relative-effects-of-the-recession-related-stressors-on-employee-strain-and-job-satisfaction
#17
Morgan D Jones, Michael Sliter, Robert R Sinclair
Across the globe, economic fluctuations have taken their toll on both organizations and employees, particularly during sustained recessions. Surprisingly, little research, however, has directly investigated the effects of recessions on employees. As such, the goal of the current study was to investigate the effects of specific recession-related stressors on employee outcomes (strain and satisfaction). We investigated an archival data set of 7666 individuals collected as part of the Workplace Employment Relations Study for relations among recession-related stressors with strain and job satisfaction variables...
December 2016: Stress and Health: Journal of the International Society for the Investigation of Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924677/stress-coping-and-safety-compliance-in-a-multi-national-gold-mining-company
#18
Melissa Jacobs, Jacobus Pienaar
The primary objective of this study was to investigate the relationship of work stress, consisting of role stressors and job insecurity, with safety compliance at work. A secondary objective was the testing of the possible moderating effect of individual employees' coping behaviour between experienced work stress and job insecurity, and their safety compliance. A cross-sectional survey design was used (n = 771). An electronic survey, with a biographical questionnaire and scales on role conflict, role ambiguity, role overload, job insecurity, coping, and safety compliance at work was administered...
December 7, 2016: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics: JOSE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924241/sleep-and-fatigue-among-seafarers-the-role-of-environmental-stressors-duration-at-sea-and-psychological-capital
#19
Sigurd W Hystad, Jarle Eid
BACKGROUND: Seafaring is an inherently stressful environment. Because working time and leisure time is spent in the same confined environment for a prolonged period of time, many stressors present in seafaring can also be conceived of as chronic. We explored the effects of duration at sea, seafaring experience, environmental stressors, and psychological capital (PsyCap) on the sleep quality and fatigue of seafarers. PsyCap is a construct that draws upon ideas from positive psychology and positive organizational behavior, and is intended to capture an individual's psychological capacities that can be developed and utilized for performance improvements...
December 2016: Safety and Health At Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920214/the-role-of-leadership-support-for-health-promotion-in-employee-wellness-program-participation-perceived-job-stress-and-health-behaviors
#20
Jennifer Hoert, Ann M Herd, Marion Hambrick
PURPOSE: The purpose of the study was to explore the relationship between leadership support for health promotion and job stress, wellness program participation, and health behaviors. DESIGN: A cross-sectional survey design was used. SETTING: Four worksites with a range of wellness programs were selected for this study. PARTICIPANTS: Participants in this study were employees (n = 618) at 4 organizations (bank, private university, wholesale supplier, and public university) in the southeastern United States, each offering an employee wellness program...
December 5, 2016: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
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