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Organising pneumonia

Maurizio Bernasconi, Alessio Casutt, Angela Koutsokera, Igor Letovanec, Frédéric Tissot, Laurent P Nicod, Alban Lovis
The role of radial-endobronchial ultrasound (R-EBUS) assisted transbronchial biopsy (TBB) for the diagnosis of peripheral pulmonary lesions is well established. However, no study has addressed its safety and value in hemato-oncological patients presenting with non-resolving infiltrates during persistent febrile neutropenia. To assess safety and feasibility of R-EBUS assisted TBB in severe thrombocytopenic and neutropenic patients. Over a period of 18 months, eight patients were assessed with R-EBUS assisted TBB after adequate platelet transfusion...
October 4, 2016: Lung
Hana Čipčić Paljetak, Linda Tomašković, Mario Matijašić, Mirjana Bukvić, Andrea Fajdetić, Donatella Verbanac, Mihaela Perića
5-LOX - 5-lipoxygenase; ACT - artemisinin-based combination therapies; ADME - absorption, distribution, metabolism and excretion; BAL - broncho alveolar lavage; CABP - community acquired bacterial pneumonia; cAMP - cyclic adenosine monophosphate; CAP - community-acquired pneumonia; CF - cystic fibrosis, BOS bronchiolitis obliterans syndrome; cGMP - cyclic guanosine monophosphate; COPD - chronic obstructive pulmonary disease; COX - cyclooxygenase; DPB - diffuse panbronchiolitis; HDACs - histone deacetylases; IBD - inflammatory bowel disease; IL-1p - interleukin 1p; IL-6 - interleukin 6; MIC - minimal inhibitory concentrations; MLSB - macrolide, lincosamide, streptogramin B; NSAIDs - non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs; OVA - ovalbumin; PDE4 - phosphodiesterase 4; PMA - phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate; RA - rheumatoid arthritis; RTI - respiratory tract infections; SAHA - suberoylanilide hydroxamic acid; SAR - structure-activity-relationship; Th1 - type 1 helper T-cell; TNBS - trinitrobenzene sulfonic acid; TNF-α - tumour necrosis factor α; UN - United Nations, WHO - World Health Organisation...
September 27, 2016: Current Topics in Medicinal Chemistry
B Padalino, S L Raidal, E Hall, P Knight, P Celi, L Jeffcott, G Muscatello
OBJECTIVE: To survey amateur and professional participants on equine transportation management, practices and outcomes in Australia. METHODS: An online survey targeting people who organised horse movements at least monthly was made available to a broad cross-section of amateur and professional equine associations. Respondents were invited to provide demographic details and information relating to their routine transportation management practices and their experiences of issues relating to the transportation of horses...
October 2016: Australian Veterinary Journal
Christina Paul, Ammy Lin-Shaw, Mariamma Joseph, Keith Kwan, Gianluigi Sergiacomi, Marco Mura
Organising pneumonia (OP) is usually promptly responsive to corticosteroid treatment. We describe a series of 3 cases of severe, progressive, biopsy-proven fibrosing OP causing respiratory failure. All cases presented with peribronchial and subpleural consolidations, had a fibro-inflammatory infiltrative component in the alveolar septa, and only had a partial and unsatisfactory response to corticosteroids. However, they responded to mycophenolic acid (MPA) treatment with resolution of respiratory failure as well as clinical and functional improvement...
2016: Respiration; International Review of Thoracic Diseases
Johan Maertens, Simone Cesaro, Georg Maschmeyer, Hermann Einsele, J Peter Donnelly, Alexandre Alanio, Philippe M Hauser, Katrien Lagrou, Willem J G Melchers, Jannik Helweg-Larsen, Olga Matos, Stéphane Bretagne, Catherine Cordonnier
The 5th European Conference on Infections in Leukaemia (ECIL-5) meeting aimed to establish evidence-based recommendations for the prophylaxis of Pneumocystis jirovecii pneumonia (PCP) in non-HIV-infected patients with an underlying haematological condition, including allogeneic HSCT recipients. Recommendations were based on the grading system of the IDSA. Trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole given 2-3 times weekly is the drug of choice for the primary prophylaxis of PCP in adults ( A-II: ) and children ( A-I: ) and should be given during the entire period at risk...
September 2016: Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy
Irene Ilott, Kate Gerrish, Sabrina A Eltringham, Carolyn Taylor, Sue Pownall
BACKGROUND: Swallowing difficulties challenge patient safety due to the increased risk of malnutrition, dehydration and aspiration pneumonia. A theoretically driven study was undertaken to examine the spread and sustainability of a locally developed innovation that involved using the Inter-Professional Dysphagia Framework to structure education for the workforce. A conceptual framework with 3 spread strategies (hierarchical control, participatory adaptation and facilitated evolution) was blended with a processual approach to sustaining organisational change...
2016: BMC Health Services Research
Muhammad Akhter Hamid, Ayesha Chandna, Sohaib Siddiqui, Jabeen Fayyaz
The infant mortality rates are high in developing countries and, according to World Health Organisation (WHO), statistics show that the main contributors are acute respiratory infections and pneumonia. In children hypoxaemia is an ominous sign associated with respiratory tract infections. Hypoxia can be detected easily with pulse oximetry. It is a non-invasive, readily available and cost-effective way to identify hypoxaemia. If we identify hypoxaemia at the primary care level, especially in a low-income setting, we can make early referral to tertiary care settings...
August 2016: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
H C McNeil, S C Clarke
Pneumococcal disease, caused by the bacterium Streptococcus pneumoniae, is a major burden to global health. Although the World Health Organisation (WHO) strongly recommends the inclusion of pneumococcal conjugate vaccines in national immunisation programmes (NIP's) worldwide, this has not occurred in many countries in the WHO South East Asia and Western Pacific regions - particularly longstanding middle-income countries. It is widely accepted that carriage of S. pneumoniae is a precursor to developing any pneumococcal disease...
June 2016: Medical Journal of Malaysia
Thomas Flament, Adrien Bigot, Benjamin Chaigne, Helene Henique, Elisabeth Diot, Sylvain Marchand-Adam
In 9-20% of cases, Sjögren's syndrome is associated with various respiratory symptoms. The most typical manifestations are chronic interstitial lung disease (ILD) and tracheobronchial disease. The most common manifestation of ILD is nonspecific interstitial pneumonia in its fibrosing variant. Other types of ILD, such as organising pneumonia, usual interstitial pneumonia and lymphocytic interstitial pneumonitis, are rare. Their radiological presentation is less distinctive, and definitive diagnosis may require the use of transbronchial or surgical lung biopsy...
June 2016: European Respiratory Review: An Official Journal of the European Respiratory Society
Jorrit Jasper, Wieneke Metsaars, Joris Jansen
Ochronosis is a rare autosomal recessive metabolic disease caused by homogentisic acid oxidase enzyme deficiency. High homogentisic acid levels will eventually result in black deposits in skin, sclerae, connective tissues and urine (alkaptonuria). It can lead to early degeneration of connective tissues and cartilage. Ochronosis can damage normal cartilage, leading to secondary osteoarthritis. The diagnosis is often delayed because of its low prevalence and non-specific early symptoms. In our patient, the secondary osteoarthritis due to ochronosis deposits in the cartilage was treated by total knee arthroplasty, with good clinical outcome...
2016: BMJ Case Reports
Shekhar Kunal, Vikas Pilaniya, Sudhir Jain, Ashok Shah
Organising pneumonia (OP) is a distinct but uncommon entity with characteristic clinicoradiological features and histological findings. When the aetiology of OP remains unknown, it is termed as cryptogenic OP (COP). COP is seen in the majority of patients with OP and usually observed in non/former smokers. A 54-year-old man, a smoker, presented with breathlessness, cough and mucoid sputum. Imaging demonstrated unilateral 'Crazy-paving' pattern in the left upper lobe and left-sided effusion. In addition, paraseptal emphysema and left lower lobe bullae along with very severe obstructive ventilatory defect and impaired diffusion suggested chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)...
2016: BMJ Case Reports
Kim Oates, Cathy Vinters, John Cass-Verco, Mandy Fletcher, Narinder Kaur, Martha Mherekumombe, Alice Tang
BACKGROUND: To provide junior doctors with tools to improve patient care in their workplace, a partnership was developed between the Clinical Excellence Commission (CEC) and the Royal Australasian College of Physicians (RACP) to help trainee consultants carry out clinical practice improvement (CPI) projects during clinical work. METHODS: Based on a patient-care problem they wished to resolve, trainee consultants attended a 2-day face-to-face workshop to learn quality-improvement methods, describe their proposals and refine them using CPI methodology...
May 3, 2016: Clinical Teacher
Arjun Gupta, Shiraj Sen, Harris Naina
Bleomycin-induced lung injury is the most common chemotherapy-associated lung disease, and is linked with several histopathological patterns. Acute fibrinous and organising pneumonia (AFOP) is a relatively new and rare histological pattern of diffuse lung injury. We report the first known case of bleomycin-induced AFOP. A 36-year-old man with metastatic testicular cancer received three cycles of bleomycin, etoposide and cisplatin, before being transitioned to paclitaxel, ifosfamide and cisplatin. He subsequently presented with exertional dyspnoea, cough and pleuritic chest pain...
2016: BMJ Case Reports
Giulia Brisighelli, Sharon Cox, Andre Theron, Komala Pillay, Heinz Rode
BACKGROUND: A biofilm is defined as a collection of organisms attached to a surface and surrounded by a matrix. OBJECTIVE: To present three cases in which bowel necrosis coexisted with biofilm. METHODS: The medical records, bacteriological findings and tissue biopsies from three infants with bowel necrosis who subsequently died from sepsis were analysed. Tissue sent for histological evaluation was prepared for light microscopy. Haematoxylin and eosin (H&E), Sandiford and Alcian blue/periodic acid Schiff (ABPAS) stains were performed...
April 2016: South African Medical Journal, Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Geneeskunde
Michael G Head, Joseph R Fitchett, Vaitehi Nageshwaran, Nina Kumari, Andrew Hayward, Rifat Atun
BACKGROUND: Infectious diseases account for a significant global burden of disease and substantial investment in research and development. This paper presents a systematic assessment of research investments awarded to UK institutions and global health metrics assessing disease burden. METHODS: We systematically sourced research funding data awarded from public and philanthropic organisations between 1997 and 2013. We screened awards for relevance to infection and categorised data by type of science, disease area and specific pathogen...
January 2016: EBioMedicine
Jesper Rømhild Davidsen, Helle Dall Madsen, Christian B Laursen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: BMJ Case Reports
Hasan Ghandourah, Samarjeet Bhandal, Marie-Anne Brundler, Mary Noseworthy
A 14-year-old girl who was known to have a seizure disorder and on lamotrigine treatment was admitted to the hospital, with a history of rash, fever and cough. Her condition deteriorated with clinical features suggestive of anticonvulsant hypersensitivity syndrome (ACHS) complicated with bronchiolitis obliterans organising pneumonia (BOOP). Her chest CT showed multifocal parenchymal opacities and lung biopsy was typical for BOOP. Initially, the lamotrigine was discontinued since the onset of the rash, then she was treated for pneumonia with antibiotics, which may have delayed the diagnosis...
2016: BMJ Case Reports
M Mailleux, F Cornélis, G C Colin, J-F Baurain
INTRODUCTION: Ipilimumab is a human monoclonal antibody that blocks cytotoxic-T-lymphocyte-associated antigen 4 (CTLA-4) and promotes antitumour immunity. It has recently been approved for the treatment of metastatic melanoma patients. Ipilimumab is now widely used and the spectrum of side effects because of autoimmunity is expanding. To our knowledge, this is the first report of an ipilimumab-induced pulmonary immune-related adverse event (irAE) that was successfully treated by macrolides without corticosteroids...
December 2015: Acta Clinica Belgica
Mizuki Nishino, Lauren K Brais, Nichole V Brooks, Hiroto Hatabu, Matthew H Kulke, Nikhil H Ramaiya
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the incidence of drug-related pneumonitis during mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) inhibitor therapy in patients with neuroendocrine tumours (NET) and characterise radiographic patterns of pneumonitis. METHODS: Sixty-six patients (39 males, 27 females, age: 22-79 years) with advanced NET treated with mTOR inhibitor, everolimus, were retrospectively studied. Chest computed tomography scans during therapy were reviewed for abnormalities suspicious for drug-related pneumonitis by an independent review of two radiologists...
January 2016: European Journal of Cancer
Satyajit Pawar, Animesh Sharma, R Ragesh, Neeraj Nischal, Saket Jha, Chandan J Das, M C Sharma, S K Sharma
Organising pneumonia is a histopathological entity characterised by intra-alveolar buds of granulation tissue, intermixed myofibroblasts and connective tissue. Cryptogenic organising pneumonia (COP) is characterised by this particular histopathological pattern, along with typical clinical and imaging features, when no other underlying aetiology is found. COP (previously known as bronchiolitis obliterans organising pneumonia [BOOP]) is one of the rare variants of interstitial pneumonias. This condition is characterised by a rapid clinical and radiological improvement with steroid treatment...
July 2015: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
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