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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29367876/insulinoma-presenting-with-post-prandial-hypoglycaemia-following-fundoplication
#1
Sarah Y Qian, Matthew J L Hare, Alan Pham, Duncan J Topliss
Insulinomas are rare neuroendocrine tumours that classically present with fasting hypoglycaemia. This case report discusses an uncommon and challenging case of insulinoma soon after upper gastrointestinal surgery. A 63-year-old man presented with 6 months of post-prandial hypoglycaemia beginning after a laparoscopic revision of Toupet fundoplication. Hyperinsulinaemic hypoglycaemia was confirmed during a spontaneous episode and in a mixed-meal test. Localisation studies including magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), endoscopic ultrasound (EUS) and gallium dotatate positron emission tomography (68 Ga Dotatate PET) were consistent with a small insulinoma in the mid-body of the pancreas...
2018: Endocrinology, Diabetes & Metabolism Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29182218/hepatitis-a-in-poland-in-2015
#2
Piotr Polański
AIM: The aim of this article is to assess the epidemiological situation of Hepatitis A in Poland in 2015 with the regard to the recent years. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The assessment was conducted based on the results of the analysis of data from the bulletins “Infectious diseases and poisonings in Poland in 2015” and “Vaccinations in Poland in 2015”, as well as information from the individual cases questionnaires and reports of epidemiological investigations in outbreaks of hepatitis A, submitted by the sanitary-epidemiological stations to the Department of Epidemiology in NIPH-NIH...
2017: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29182078/foodborne-botulism-in-poland-in-2015
#3
Michał Czerwiński, Mirosław P Czarkowski, Barbara Kondej
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this article is to assess the epidemiology of foodborne botulism in Poland in 2015 compared to previous years MATERIALS AND METHODS: We reviewed (1) national surveillance data published in the annual bulletin “Infectious diseases and poisonings in Poland in 2015” and in previous publications, and (2) unpublished data retrieved from botulism case reports for 2015 sent from Sanitary-Epidemiological Stations to the Department of Epidemiology NIPH-NIH...
2017: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29181967/legionellosis-in-poland-in-2015
#4
Hanna Stypułkowska-Misiurewicz, Michał Czerwiński
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to assess the epidemiological situation of legionellosis in Poland in 2015 in comparison to the preceding years. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We reviewed data published in the annual bulletin: “Infectious diseases and poisonings in Poland in 2015” and its prior versions along with the legionellosis case reports sent from Sanitary- Epidemiological Stations to the Department of Epidemiology of NIPH - NIH. RESULTS: In Poland, both two forms of legionellosis - Legionnaires’ disease (a severe form of disease accompanied by pneumonia) and Pontiac fever (mild, influenza-like form of infection) - are notifiable...
2017: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29181957/measles-in-poland-in-2015
#5
Monika Roberta Korczyńska
BACKGROUND: In 1998 Poland, along with all other Member States in the WHO European Region, implemented Measles Elimination Programme coordinated by WHO. It requires achieving and maintaining very high vaccine coverage (>95%), recording all cases and suspected cases of measles, and laboratory testing of all suspected measles cases in the WHO Reference Laboratory. In Poland it is a Laboratory of Department of Virology, NIPH-NIH. In order to confirm or exclude the case of measles specific measles IgM antibodies should be measured using Elisa test, or molecular testing (PCR) should be performed to detect the presence measles virus RNA in biological material...
2017: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28671519/acinetobacter-colistiniresistens-sp-nov-formerly-genomic-species-13-sensu-bouvet-and-jeanjean-and-genomic-species-14-sensu-tjernberg-and-ursing-isolated-from-human-infections-and-characterized-by-intrinsic-resistance-to-polymyxins
#6
Alexandr Nemec, Lenka Radolfova-Krizova, Martina Maixnerova, Ondrej Sedo
Strains of the genusAcinetobacter, classified as genomic species 13BJ/14TU have been previously associated with human infections and resistance to colistin. To clarify the taxonomy of this provisional group, we investigated 24 strains that have been isolated from humans since the 1960s in 10 countries. The genus-wide analysis of the rpoB and gyrB sequences of all strains and whole-genome sequences of strains representing different rpoB/gyrB genotypes showed that the 24 strains formed a distinct monophyletic group within the so-called haemolytic clade of the genus Acinetobacter...
July 2017: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28357856/synthesis-of-nickel-phosphide-electrocatalysts-from-hybrid-metal-phosphonates
#7
Rui Zhang, Patrícia A Russo, Michael Feist, Patrick Amsalem, Norbert Koch, Nicola Pinna
Transition-metal phosphides (TMPs) have recently emerged as efficient and inexpensive electrocatalysts for electrochemical water splitting. The synthesis of nanostructured phosphides often involves highly reactive and hazardous phosphorous-containing compounds. Herein, we report the synthesis of nickel phosphides through thermal treatment under H2(5%)/Ar of layered nickel phenylphosphonate (NiPh) or methylphosphonate (NiMe) that act as single-source precursors. Ni12P5, Ni12P5-Ni2P, and Ni2P nanoparticles (NPs) with sizes of ca...
April 11, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28255914/regional-diversification-of-influenza-activity-in-poland-during-the-2015-16-epidemic-season
#8
K Szymański, D Kowalczyk, K Cieślak, L B Brydak
The National Influenza Center (NIC) at the Department of Influenza Research of the National Institute for Public Health-National Institute of Hygiene (NIPH-NIH) participates in the Global Influenza Surveillance and Response System (GISRS) and continuously coordinates epidemiological and virological surveillance of influenza in Poland. The aim of this study was to determine the regional differences of influenza activity in Poland in the 2015/16 epidemic season. The influenza surveillance involved 16 administrative districts in which there are Voivodeship (province) Sanitary Epidemiological Stations set up to report influenza and influenza-like illness among the Polish population...
2017: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28138938/the-sentinel-system-as-the-main-influenza-surveillance-tool
#9
K Cieślak, D Kowalczyk, K Szymański, L B Brydak
Poland has implemented the influenza surveillance system called Sentinel as of 2004. The system consists of both epidemiological and virological surveillance. It is an important tool for monitoring the situation in the entire country, coordinated by the National Influenza Center situated at the National Institute of Public Health-National Institute of Hygiene (NIPH-NIH) in Warsaw, Poland. In the 2015/2016 epidemic season, more than 1600 samples were tested in the Sentinel System, of which 38.6% were positive...
2017: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27887024/insulinoma-or-non-insulinoma-pancreatogenous-hypoglycemia-a-diagnostic-dilemma
#10
Blaire Anderson, Jordan Nostedt, Safwat Girgis, Tara Dixon, Veena Agrawal, Edward Wiebe, Peter A Senior, A M James Shapiro
Insulinoma is the most common cause of endogenous hyperinsulinemic hypoglycemia in adults. An alternate etiology, non-insulinoma pancreatogenous hypoglycemia (NIPH), is rare. Clinically, NIPH is characterized by postprandial hyperinsulinemic hypoglycemia, negative 72-h fasts, negative preoperative localization studies for insulinoma and positive selective arterial calcium infusion tests. Histologically, diffuse islet hyperplasia with increased number and size of islet cells is present and confirms the diagnosis...
November 24, 2016: Journal of Surgical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27883286/influenza-in-poland-in-2013-and-2013-2014-epidemic-season
#11
Katarzyna Kondratiuk, Mirosław P Czarkowski, Ewelina Hallmann-Szelińska, Ewa Staszewska, Karolina Bednarska, Ewa Cielebąk, Lidia B Brydak
OBJECTIVE: Analysis of epidemiological situation of influenza in Poland in 2013 and 2013/14 epidemic season in reference to previous years and seasons. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Analysis was based on: 1) data collected within influenza routine surveillance system in Poland, including data published in annual bulletins “Infectious diseases and poisonings in Poland” as well as unpublished data gathered in the Department of Epidemiology of the NIPH-NIH; 2) data collected within influenza system - Sentinel, and beyond this system, concerning results of virological tests carried out in 2013/14 epidemic season in the Department of Influenza Research, National Influenza Center in the NIPHNIH and/or laboratories of provincial sanitary and epidemiological stations which are gathered in the National Influenza Center...
2016: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870538/foodborne-infections-and-intoxications-in-poland-in-2014
#12
Piotr Polański, Sylwia Kamińska, Małgorzata Sadkowska-Todys
AIM: The purpose of the study is to assess the epidemiological situation of food poisonings and infections in Poland in 2014. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The evaluation was based on the analysis of information sent to Department of Epidemiology NIPH-NIH through ROE (Pol. Rejestr Ognisk Epidemicznych)- an electronic system created for uploading, transfer and analysis of data acquired during the outbreak investigations). Additional sources for the analysis were NIZP-PZH annual bulletins (Czarkowski MP et al...
2016: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27851885/measles-in-poland-in-2014
#13
Iwona Paradowska-Stankiewicz, Justyna Rogalska
BACKGROUND: Since 1998, Poland has been actively participating in the Measles Elimination Program, coordinated by the World Health Organization (WHO). It requires achieving and maintaining very high vaccine coverage (>95%), recording all cases and suspected cases of measles, and laboratory testing of all suspected measles cases in the WHO Reference Laboratory. In Poland it is a Laboratory of Department of Virology, NIPHNIH. In order to confirm or exclude the case of measles specific measles IgM antibodies should be measured using Elisa test, or molecular testing (PCR) should be performed to detect the presence measles virus RNA in biological material...
2016: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27851884/pertussis-in-poland-in-2014
#14
Iwona Paradowska-Stankiewicz, Jolanta Rudowska
INTRODUCTION: In Poland, they are still recorded high number of cases whooping cough - five-year median for 2005-2009 and 2010-2014 are similar and amount to 5.2 and 5.5 per 100 000 population. The trend of the incidence of pertussis in a high percentage of adults that was observed in years between 2009-2011 (the results of the National Research Epidemiology of Pertussis), in subsequent years, ie. 2012-2014 was halted. Still the most effective strategy to prevent illness is the vaccination according to the current vaccination calendar...
2016: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27810710/related-structures-of-neutral-capsular-polysaccharides-of-acinetobacter-baumannii-isolates-that-carry-related-capsule-gene-clusters-kl43-kl47-and-kl88
#15
Alexander S Shashkov, Johanna J Kenyon, Nikolay P Arbatsky, Mikhail M Shneider, Anastasiya V Popova, Konstantin A Miroshnikov, Ruth M Hall, Yuriy A Knirel
Capsular polysaccharides were recovered from four Acinetobacter baumannii isolates, and the following related structures of oligosaccharide repeating units were established by sugar analyses along with 1D and 2D (1)H and (13)C NMR spectroscopy: NIPH 60 and LUH5544 (K43) NIPH 601 (K47) The K locus for capsule biosynthesis in the genome sequences available for NIPH 60 and LUH5544, designated KL43, was found to be related to gene clusters KL47 in NIPH 601 and KL88 in LUH5548. The three clusters share most gene content differing in only a small portion that includes an additional glycosyltransferase genes in KL47 and KL88, as well as genes encoding distinct Wzy polymerases that were found to form the same α-d-GlcpNAc-(1 → 6)-α-d-GlcpNAc linkage in K43 and K47...
November 29, 2016: Carbohydrate Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27799960/trends-in-the-incidence-rates-of-chronic-hepatitis-b-in-poland-in-the-years-2005-2013
#16
Barbara Stawinska-Witoszynska, Monika Zysnarska, Małgorzata Krzywinska-Wiewiorowska, Paulina Wojtyła-Buciorab, Alicja Krzyzaniak, Barbara Wieckowska
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of newly-diagnosed cases of chronic hepatitis is decisive for the overall incidence rate of hepatitis B observed in Poland. OBJECTIVES: We aimed to determine the chronic hepatitis B incidence trends in Poland, taking into consideration the ages, genders, and environments of the patients. METHODS: The study is based on aggregated data from Polish descriptive epidemiological studies for the period of 2005 to 2013 (i...
August 2016: Hepatitis Monthly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27779840/tetanus-in-poland-in-2014
#17
Andrzej Zieliński, Jolanta Rudowska
For many years the number of tetanus cases reported in Poland remaing below fifty with marked random variations. Almost all disease occur in people unvaccinated. Some of them, especially in people over age 60, are fatal. THE AIM OF THE STUDY: The aim of the study is to present the data of epidemiological surveillance of tetanus in Poland in 2014. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Analyzed material are the individual reports of cases of tetanus sent to the Department of Epidemiology at NIPH-PZH and bulletin data “Infectious diseases and poisoning in Poland in 2014”...
2016: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27779838/hepatitis-a-in-poland-in-2014
#18
Piotr Polański
AIM: The aim of this article is to assess the epidemiological situation of hepatitis A in Poland in 2014 with the regard to the recent years. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The assessment was conducted based on the results of the analysis of data from the bulletins “Infectious diseases and poisonings in Poland in 2014” and “Vaccinations in Poland in 2014”, as well as information from the individual cases questionnaires and reports of epidemiological investigations in outbreaks of hepatitis A, submitted by the sanitary-epidemiological stations to the Department of Epidemiology in NIPH-NIH...
2016: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27779837/foodborne-botulism-in-poland-in-2014
#19
Michał Czerwiński, Mirosław P Czarkowski, Barbara Kondej
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study is to assess the epidemiology of foodborne botulism in Poland in 2014 compared to previous years. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We reviewed (1) surveillance data published in the annual bulletin “Infectious diseases and poisonings in Poland in 2014” and in previous publications, and (2) unpublished data retrieved from botulism case reports for 2014 sent to the Department of Epidemiology NIPH-NIH by Sanitary-Epidemiological Stations...
2016: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27779835/legionellosis-in-poland-in-2014
#20
Hanna Stypułkowska-Misiurewicz, Michał Czerwiński
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to assess the epidemiological situation of legionellosis in Poland in 2014. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We reviewed data published in the annual bulletin: “Infectious diseases and poisonings in Poland in 2014” and its prior versions along with the legionellosis case reports sent to the Department of Epidemiology of NIPH - NIH. RESULTS: In Poland, both two forms of legionellosis - Legionnaires’ disease (a severe form of disease accompanied by pneumonia) and Pontiac fever (mild, influenza-like form of infection) - are routinely reported to the surveillance...
2016: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
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