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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27887024/insulinoma-or-non-insulinoma-pancreatogenous-hypoglycemia-a-diagnostic-dilemma
#1
Blaire Anderson, Jordan Nostedt, Safwat Girgis, Tara Dixon, Veena Agrawal, Edward Wiebe, Peter A Senior, A M James Shapiro
Insulinoma is the most common cause of endogenous hyperinsulinemic hypoglycemia in adults. An alternate etiology, non-insulinoma pancreatogenous hypoglycemia (NIPH), is rare. Clinically, NIPH is characterized by postprandial hyperinsulinemic hypoglycemia, negative 72-h fasts, negative preoperative localization studies for insulinoma and positive selective arterial calcium infusion tests. Histologically, diffuse islet hyperplasia with increased number and size of islet cells is present and confirms the diagnosis...
November 24, 2016: Journal of Surgical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27883286/influenza-in-poland-in-2013-and-2013-2014-epidemic-season
#2
Katarzyna Kondratiuk, Mirosław P Czarkowski, Ewelina Hallmann-Szelińska1, Ewa Staszewska, Karolina Bednarska, Ewa Cielebąk, Lidia B Brydak
OBJECTIVE: Analysis of epidemiological situation of influenza in Poland in 2013 and 2013/14 epidemic season in reference to previous years and seasons. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Analysis was based on: 1) data collected within influenza routine surveillance system in Poland, including data published in annual bulletins “Infectious diseases and poisonings in Poland” as well as unpublished data gathered in the Department of Epidemiology of the NIPH-NIH; 2) data collected within influenza system - Sentinel, and beyond this system, concerning results of virological tests carried out in 2013/14 epidemic season in the Department of Influenza Research, National Influenza Center in the NIPHNIH and/or laboratories of provincial sanitary and epidemiological stations which are gathered in the National Influenza Center...
2016: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870538/foodborne-infections-and-intoxications-in-poland-in-2014
#3
Piotr Polański, Sylwia Kamińska, Małgorzata Sadkowska-Todys
AIM: The purpose of the study is to assess the epidemiological situation of food poisonings and infections in Poland in 2014. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The evaluation was based on the analysis of information sent to Department of Epidemiology NIPH-NIH through ROE (Pol. Rejestr Ognisk Epidemicznych)- an electronic system created for uploading, transfer and analysis of data acquired during the outbreak investigations). Additional sources for the analysis were NIZP-PZH annual bulletins (Czarkowski MP et al...
2016: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27851885/measles-in-poland-in-2014
#4
Iwona Paradowska-Stankiewicz, Justyna Rogalska
BACKGROUND: Since 1998, Poland has been actively participating in the Measles Elimination Program, coordinated by the World Health Organization (WHO). It requires achieving and maintaining very high vaccine coverage (>95%), recording all cases and suspected cases of measles, and laboratory testing of all suspected measles cases in the WHO Reference Laboratory. In Poland it is a Laboratory of Department of Virology, NIPHNIH. In order to confirm or exclude the case of measles specific measles IgM antibodies should be measured using Elisa test, or molecular testing (PCR) should be performed to detect the presence measles virus RNA in biological material...
2016: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27851884/pertussis-in-poland-in-2014
#5
Iwona Paradowska-Stankiewicz, Jolanta Rudowska
INTRODUCTION: In Poland, they are still recorded high number of cases whooping cough - five-year median for 2005-2009 and 2010-2014 are similar and amount to 5.2 and 5.5 per 100 000 population. The trend of the incidence of pertussis in a high percentage of adults that was observed in years between 2009-2011 (the results of the National Research Epidemiology of Pertussis), in subsequent years, ie. 2012-2014 was halted. Still the most effective strategy to prevent illness is the vaccination according to the current vaccination calendar...
2016: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27810710/related-structures-of-neutral-capsular-polysaccharides-of-acinetobacter-baumannii-isolates-that-carry-related-capsule-gene-clusters-kl43-kl47-and-kl88
#6
Alexander S Shashkov, Johanna J Kenyon, Nikolay P Arbatsky, Mikhail M Shneider, Anastasiya V Popova, Konstantin A Miroshnikov, Ruth M Hall, Yuriy A Knirel
Capsular polysaccharides were recovered from four Acinetobacter baumannii isolates, and the following related structures of oligosaccharide repeating units were established by sugar analyses along with 1D and 2D (1)H and (13)C NMR spectroscopy: NIPH 60 and LUH5544 (K43) NIPH 601 (K47) The K locus for capsule biosynthesis in the genome sequences available for NIPH 60 and LUH5544, designated KL43, was found to be related to gene clusters KL47 in NIPH 601 and KL88 in LUH5548. The three clusters share most gene content differing in only a small portion that includes an additional glycosyltransferase genes in KL47 and KL88, as well as genes encoding distinct Wzy polymerases that were found to form the same α-d-GlcpNAc-(1 → 6)-α-d-GlcpNAc linkage in K43 and K47...
November 29, 2016: Carbohydrate Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27799960/trends-in-the-incidence-rates-of-chronic-hepatitis-b-in-poland-in-the-years-2005-2013
#7
Barbara Stawinska-Witoszynska, Monika Zysnarska, Małgorzata Krzywinska-Wiewiorowska, Paulina Wojtyła-Buciorab, Alicja Krzyzaniak, Barbara Wieckowska
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of newly-diagnosed cases of chronic hepatitis is decisive for the overall incidence rate of hepatitis B observed in Poland. OBJECTIVES: We aimed to determine the chronic hepatitis B incidence trends in Poland, taking into consideration the ages, genders, and environments of the patients. METHODS: The study is based on aggregated data from Polish descriptive epidemiological studies for the period of 2005 to 2013 (i...
August 2016: Hepatitis Monthly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27779840/tetanus-in-poland-in-2014
#8
Andrzej Zieliński, Jolanta Rudowska
: For many years the number of tetanus cases reported in Poland remaing below fifty with marked random variations. Almost all disease occur in people unvaccinated. Some of them, especially in people over age 60, are fatal. THE AIM OF THE STUDY: The aim of the study is to present the data of epidemiological surveillance of tetanus in Poland in 2014. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Analyzed material are the individual reports of cases of tetanus sent to the Department of Epidemiology at NIPH-PZH and bulletin data “Infectious diseases and poisoning in Poland in 2014”...
2016: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27779838/hepatitis-a-in-poland-in-2014
#9
Piotr Polański
AIM: The aim of this article is to assess the epidemiological situation of hepatitis A in Poland in 2014 with the regard to the recent years. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The assessment was conducted based on the results of the analysis of data from the bulletins “Infectious diseases and poisonings in Poland in 2014” and “Vaccinations in Poland in 2014”, as well as information from the individual cases questionnaires and reports of epidemiological investigations in outbreaks of hepatitis A, submitted by the sanitary-epidemiological stations to the Department of Epidemiology in NIPH-NIH...
2016: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27779837/foodborne-botulism-in-poland-in-2014
#10
Michał Czerwiński, Mirosław P Czarkowski, Barbara Kondej
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study is to assess the epidemiology of foodborne botulism in Poland in 2014 compared to previous years. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We reviewed (1) surveillance data published in the annual bulletin “Infectious diseases and poisonings in Poland in 2014” and in previous publications, and (2) unpublished data retrieved from botulism case reports for 2014 sent to the Department of Epidemiology NIPH-NIH by Sanitary-Epidemiological Stations...
2016: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27779835/legionellosis-in-poland-in-2014
#11
Hanna Stypułkowska-Misiurewicz, Michał Czerwiński
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to assess the epidemiological situation of legionellosis in Poland in 2014. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We reviewed data published in the annual bulletin: “Infectious diseases and poisonings in Poland in 2014” and its prior versions along with the legionellosis case reports sent to the Department of Epidemiology of NIPH - NIH. RESULTS: In Poland, both two forms of legionellosis - Legionnaires’ disease (a severe form of disease accompanied by pneumonia) and Pontiac fever (mild, influenza-like form of infection) - are routinely reported to the surveillance...
2016: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27779831/infectious-diseases-in-poland-in-2014
#12
Małgorzata Sadkowska-Todys, Andrzej Zieliński, Mirosław P Czarkowski
PURPOSE of the STUDY: The aim of the study is to assess epidemiological situation of infectious and parasitic diseases in Poland in 2014, and an indication of the potential health risks from communicable diseases occurring in other areas of the globe. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This paper is a summary of the analysis and evaluation of the results of epidemiological surveillance of infectious diseases in Poland in 2014, and those elements of European and global epidemiological background, which in this period had an impact on the epidemiological situation in Poland or constituted a threat...
2016: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27734685/-iodine-supply-of-pregnant-women-in-the-czech-republic
#13
Radovan Bílek, Nataša Kaňová, Veronika Mindžáková, David Neumann, Jan Jiskra, Lydie Ryšavá, Václav Zamrazil
INTRODUCTION: Iodine deficiency is a global public health problem which is particularly noticeable in pregnant or breastfeeding women and their children. Even mild iodine deficiency during pregnancy can lead to damage to the developing brain and thus affecting the fetus intelligence, his cognitive and neurological function, embryogenesis and growth. PATIENTS: In the period 2010-2015 was determined by spectrophotometry at the Institute of Endocrinology the basal urinary iodine in 532 pregnant women at the age of 32 ± 5 (18-44) years, which came from Prague, Hradec Kralove and Mlada Boleslav...
2016: Vnitr̆ní Lékar̆ství
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27703536/under-reporting-of-sexually-transmitted-infection-with-chlamydia-trachomatis-a-revision-of-surveillance-system-is-required
#14
Tanja Kustec, Darja Keše, Irena Klavs
INTRODUCTION: To consider whether a revision of the national chlamydia surveillance system is needed, the objectives were to estimate the proportion of laboratory confirmed cases at the Institute of Microbiology and Immunology (IMI) not reported to the National Institute of Public Health (NIPH), and to assess the completeness of reporting for individual data items. METHODS: The dataset with information about the cases diagnosed at the IMI during 2007-2010, and the national chlamydia surveillance data at the NIPH, were linked using SOUNDEX code and the date of birth as unique identifier...
September 1, 2016: Zdravstveno Varstvo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27627078/-hypoglycemia-as-a-symptom-of-cancer-in-adults
#15
Zdeněk Fryšák, David Karásek
UNLABELLED: Decrease of blood glucose levels below 3 mmol/l is in fully developed cases accompanied by neuroglycopenic symptoms that may even lead to altered state of consciousness. The treating physician frequently faces a complicated situation. This may be due to inappropriately administered drugs including cases motivated by self-harm intentions (insulin, insulin secretagogues), or alcohol abuse. Undernourished people, or those afflicted with a serious systemic infection, end-stage liver or kidney diseases or with a failing heart, belong to a risk group...
2016: Vnitr̆ní Lékar̆ství
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27531853/-repeated-non-epileptic%C3%A2-seizures%C3%A2-in-a-previously-healthy-young-woman-a-case-report
#16
Guðrún Mist Gunnarsdóttir, Arna Guðmundsdóttir, Per Hellman, Peter Stålberg
UNLABELLED: A previously healthy 18 year old female has repeated admissions over a six week period to the emergency department because of seizures. She has no previous history of epilepsy and denies any drug use. Imaging and electroencephalogram do not indicate epilepsy. Blood sugar levels are low on two occasions, 1.3 mmol / L and 1.7mmól / L (4.0 - 6.0 mmol / L). After further investigations the suspicion of an insulin-producing tumor arises. Extensive research and imaging is conducted to look for tumor growth without any findings...
July 2016: Læknablađiđ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27482162/the-source-of-infection-and-the-most-frequent-causes-of-reactive-arthritis-in-kosovo
#17
Ali Lahu, Ismet H Bajraktari, Shqipdonë Lahu, Valton Saiti, Avni Kryeziu, Fadil Sherifi, Bastri Durmishi
INTRODUCTION: Reactive arthritis is an autoimmune condition which emerges as a counteraction towards an infection which has a focus elsewhere in the body. The purpose of this study is isolation of causative agents of reactive arthritis and ascertains the source of infection. The study has been carried out in the Rheumatology Clinic in Prishtina and specialized ambulance O.S. "Vendenisi-AL" in Besiana, whereas isolation of causative agents has been carried out in the National Institute for Public Health (NIPH)...
June 2016: Materia Socio-medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27467327/-multiple-locus-variable-number-tandem-repeat-analysis-of-bordetella-pertussis-strains-collected-in-the-czech-republic-in-1967-2015-spread-of-a%C3%A2-variant-adapted-to-the-population-with-a%C3%A2-high-vaccination-coverage
#18
D Lžičařová, J Zavadilová, M Musílek, Z Jandová, P Křížová, K Fabiánová
AIM: To perform multiple-locus variable number tandem repeat analysis (MLVA) of B. pertussis strains from the collection of the National Reference Laboratory for Diphtheria and Pertussis (NRL/DIPE), National Institute of Public Health (NIPH), Prague. The study strains were isolated from clinical specimens collected mostly in the Czech Republic over a nearly 50-year period from 1967 to 2015 (June). The isolates from three periods characterized by different vaccination strategies and trends in pertussis are compared for genetic diversity and distribution of MLVA types (MT)...
2016: Epidemiologie, Mikrobiologie, Imunologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27431423/gavi-s-policy-steers-country-ownership-and-self-financing-of-immunization
#19
Klara Henderson, Dimitrios Gouglas, Laura Craw
This commentary examines the 2014 NIPH evaluation of Gavi's co-financing policy and comments on the appropriateness of the subsequent and most significant policy changes taking effect in 2016.
August 17, 2016: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27276748/non-insulinoma-pancreatogeneous-hypoglycemia-syndrome-with-false-positive-somatostatin-receptor-scintigraphy-a-case-report-and-review-of-literature
#20
REVIEW
Lukana Preechasuk, Ananya Pongpaibul, Tada Kunavisarut
Non-insulinoma pancreatogeneous hypoglycemia syndrome (NIPHS) is a rare cause of hypoglycemia in adults. The cause of NIPHS is diffuse hyperinsulinism. As a result, computed tomography (CT) of pancreas, endoscopic pancreatic ultrasonography (EUS), and somatostatin receptor scintigraphy (SSRS), which are usually performed to locate an insulinoma, are not able to diagnose NIPHS. Moreover, SSRS can give a false-positive result. In this case report, we introduce a 22-year-old Thai woman who presented with fasting and postprandial hyperinsulinemic hypoglycemia...
March 2016: Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand, Chotmaihet Thangphaet
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