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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665831/sexual-and-reproductive-health-services-utilization-and-associated-factors-among-secondary-school-students-in-nekemte-town-ethiopia
#1
Wakgari Binu, Taklu Marama, Mulusew Gerbaba, Melese Sinaga
BACKGROUND: Despite policy actions and strategic efforts made to promote sexual and reproductive health service uptake of youths in Ethiopia, its utilization remains very low and little information was found on the extent to which school youths utilize available reproductive health services in Nekempt town. This study was aimed to assess utilization of Sexual and Reproduactive Health (SRH) services and its associated factors among secondary school students in Nekemte town, Ethiopia. METHOD: A school based cross-sectional study design was conducted from April 18 to 22, 2016...
April 17, 2018: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665001/preschool-and-children-s-outcomes-in-elementary-school-have-patterns-changed-nationwide-between-1998-and-2010
#2
Daphna Bassok, Chloe R Gibbs, Scott Latham
This study employs data from both kindergarten cohorts of the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study (n ~ 12,450 in 1998; n ~ 11,000 in 2010) to assess whether associations between preschool participation and children's academic and behavioral outcomes-both at school entry (Mage  = 5.6 years in both cohorts) and through third grade-have changed over time. Findings are strikingly similar across these two, nationally representative, U.S. cohorts: preschool is positively associated with academic outcomes and negatively associated with behavioral outcomes both at school entry and as children progress through school...
April 17, 2018: Child Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29660968/rehabilitation-and-school-services-following-traumatic-brain-injury-in-young-children
#3
Juliet Haarbauer-Krupa, Jennifer P Lundine, Roberta DePompei, Tricia Z King
BACKGROUND: Preschool children have the highest incidence of emergency department visits for traumatic brain injury (TBI) with the majority discharged home without a single point of entry into follow-up services. This paper describes families' experience with service access following TBI. OBJECTIVES: To describe parent reported service utilization following preschool TBI and examine predictors of service access. METHODS: Participants (N = 80) were drawn from the first visit of a longitudinal study examining elementary school outcomes following TBI...
April 7, 2018: NeuroRehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29660589/predicting-reading-ability-in-teenagers-who-are-deaf-or-hard-of-hearing-a-longitudinal-analysis-of-language-and-reading
#4
Sarah Worsfold, Merle Mahon, Hannah Pimperton, Jim Stevenson, Colin Kennedy
BACKGROUND: Deaf and hard of hearing (D/HH) children and young people are known to show group-level deficits in spoken language and reading abilities relative to their hearing peers. However, there is little evidence on the longitudinal predictive relationships between language and reading in this population. AIMS: To determine the extent to which differences in spoken language ability in childhood predict reading ability in D/HH adolescents. METHODS: and procedures: Participants were drawn from a population-based cohort study and comprised 53 D/HH teenagers, who used spoken language, and a comparison group of 38 normally hearing teenagers...
April 13, 2018: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29653398/growth-of-symbolic-number-knowledge-accelerates-after-children-understand-cardinality
#5
David C Geary, Kristy vanMarle
Children who achieve an early understanding of the cardinal value of number words (cardinal knowledge) have a superior understanding of the relations among numerals at school entry, controlling other factors (e.g., intelligence). We tested the hypothesis that this pattern emerges because an understanding of cardinal value jump starts children's learning of the relations among numerals. Across two years of preschool, the cardinal knowledge of 179 children (85 boys) was assessed four times, as was their understanding of the relative quantity of Arabic numerals and competence at discriminating nonsymbolic quantities...
April 10, 2018: Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29621804/a-multiyear-population-based-study-of-kindergarten-language-screening-failure-rates-using-the-rice-wexler-test-of-early-grammatical-impairment
#6
Brian Weiler, C Melanie Schuele, Jacob I Feldman, Hannah Krimm
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to evaluate, over 2 separate school years, the school-district-wide failure rate of kindergartners on a screener of grammatical tense marking-the Rice Wexler Test of Early Grammatical Impairment (TEGI) Screening Test (Rice & Wexler, 2001)-composed of past tense (PT) and third-person singular (3S) probes. Method: In the fall of 2 consecutive school years, consented and eligible kindergartners (n = 148 in Year 1, n = 126 in Year 2) in a rural southern school district were administered the TEGI Screening Test...
April 5, 2018: Language, Speech, and Hearing Services in Schools
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29619385/the-relationship-between-anthropometric-index-and-primary-dysmenorehea-in-female-high-school-students
#7
Mostafa Rad, Marzieh Torkamannejad Sabzevari, Sedigheh Rastaghi, Zahra Mohebbi Dehnavi
INTRODUCTION: Primary dysmenorrhea, painful menstruation without pelvic pathologic complications, is one of the most common problems in women's gynecology and is one of the main causes for women referring to the clinic. Overweight and obesity may play a role in the etiology of primary dysmenorrhea. As a result, this study was conducted to determine the association between primary dysmenorrhea and anthropometric indices in female high school Students. METHODS: This descriptive, cross-sectional study was conducted on 200 high school female students with primary dysmenorrhea in 2017 in Sabzevar...
2018: Journal of Education and Health Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29609967/school-age-children-and-adolescents-suspected-of-having-been-to-be-infected-with-pertussis-in-japan
#8
Yosuke Yasui, Toshikatsu Mitsui, Tomoyasu Nishimura, Keiko Uchida, Mikako Inokuchi, Masaaki Mori, Mitsuaki Tokumura, Tetsuo Nakayama
Many countries including Japan have adapted acellular pertussis vaccines combined with diphtheria and tetanus toxoids (DTaP). DTaP vaccine coverage is approximately >90%, but pertussis re-emergence has been observed since 2000 in Japan. In the present study, anti-pertussis antibodies were investigated among school-age children and adolescents from 2013 to 2015. The positive rate of anti-pertussis toxin (PT) antibodies was higher among children aged 12-13 years (60.0%. 95%CI; 56.0-63.9%) in 2014 and 18-19 years (73...
March 30, 2018: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29582562/description-evaluation-and-scale-up-potential-of-a-model-for-rapid-access-to-early-intervention-for-psychosis
#9
Kathleen MacDonald, Ashok Malla, Ridha Joober, Jai L Shah, Karen Goldberg, Sherezad Abadi, Madeline Doyle, Srividya N Iyer
AIM: This paper aims to describe the entry protocol of the Prevention and Early Intervention for Psychosis Program (PEPP)-Montreal, an early intervention program for psychosis. The protocol is designed to fulfil a key objective of the early intervention movement-reducing delays to accessing high-quality care. The paper also aims to describe how this rapid entry protocol can be deployed in other services interested in reducing delays in initiating treatment. METHODS: PEPP provides rapid, easy access to quality care by placing a single, well-trained professional, the intake clinician, at the point of entry...
March 26, 2018: Early Intervention in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29579559/attainment-of-gross-motor-milestones-by-preterm-children-with-normal-development-upon-school-entry
#10
Nienke H van Dokkum, Marlou L A de Kroon, Arend F Bos, Sijmen A Reijneveld, Jorien M Kerstjens
BACKGROUND: Little is known on the motor development of moderately preterm born (MPT) children, in comparison with early preterm born (EPT) children and fullterm born (FT), for children with normal motor outcomes at school entry. AIMS: To compare attainment rates of gross motor milestones reached between ages 1-24 months for MPT, EPT, and FT children, all with normal development upon school entry. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. SUBJECTS: We included 1247 preterm (PT) children (gestational age [GA] 24...
March 23, 2018: Early Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29569461/influence-of-occupational-socialization-on-the-perspectives-and-practices-of-adapted-physical-education-teachers
#11
Chan Woong Park, Matthew D Curtner-Smith
The purpose of this study was to describe and examine the occupational socialization of nine adapted physical educators (APEs). The questions we attempted to answer were (a) What were the perspectives and practices of the APEs? and (b) What factors influenced these perspectives and practices? Data were collected through six qualitative techniques and analyzed by using analytic induction and constant comparison. At the time the study was conducted, the APEs possessed traditional or progressive teaching orientations...
March 23, 2018: Adapted Physical Activity Quarterly: APAQ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29548258/from-pipelines-to-pathways-the-memorial-experience-in-educating-doctors-for-rural-generalist-practice
#12
James Rourke, Shabnam Asghari, Oliver Hurley, Mohamed Ravalia, Michael Jong, Wanda Parsons, Norah Duggan, Katherine Stringer, Danielle O'Keefe, Scott Moffatt, Wendy Graham, Carolyn Sturge Sparkes, Janelle Hippe, Kristin Harris Walsh, Donald McKay, Asoka Samarasena
CONTEXT: This report describes the community context, concept and mission of The Faculty of Medicine at Memorial University of Newfoundland (Memorial), Canada, and its 'pathways to rural practice' approach, which includes influences at the pre-medical school, medical school experience, postgraduate residency training, and physician practice levels. Memorial's pathways to practice helped Memorial to fulfill its social accountability mandate to populate the province with highly skilled rural generalist practitioners...
March 2018: Rural and Remote Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29547810/entry-to-practice-public-health-nursing-competencies-a-delphi-method-and-knowledge-translation-strategy
#13
Ruth Schofield, Andrea Chircop, Cynthia Baker, Marie Dietrich Leurer, Susan Duncan, Donalda Wotton
BACKGROUND: Sustaining and strengthening nurses 'contributions to public and population health in the 21st century depends in part on nursing education. Clearly articulated entry-to-practice competencies will contribute to the capacity of undergraduate nursing education programs to prepare graduates to promote local, national and global population health. OBJECTIVES: The Canadian Association of Schools of Nursing created the Public Health Task Force to develop consensus on core, national entry-to-practice competencies in public health nursing for undergraduate nursing students and to support these competencies with corresponding online teaching strategies...
March 8, 2018: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29538187/early-childhood-learning-and-the-pediatrician-a-qualitative-study-among-diverse-low-income-caregivers
#14
Jecca Rhea Steinberg, Janine S Bruce, Paloma Marin-Nevarez, Kimmy Phan, Sylvia Bereknyei Merrell, Lisa J Chamberlain
OBJECTIVE: School readiness by kindergarten entry is associated with increased high school graduation, decreased juvenile arrest, and better long-term health. Inadequate early childhood learning (ECL) disproportionately affects low-income children. Pediatricians have near-universal access to children younger than 5 years but remain an underused ECL resource. This study examined caregivers' perceptions of ECL, the role of the pediatrician and pediatric office, and the use of community-based ECL resources among diverse, low-income caregivers whose children were not enrolled in preschool...
March 13, 2018: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29533878/work-and-family-transitions-and-the-self-rated-health-of-young-women-in-south-africa
#15
Rachel Bennett, Philippa Waterhouse
Understanding the transition to adulthood has important implications for supporting young adults and understanding the roots of diversity in wellbeing later in life. In South Africa, the end of Apartheid means today's youth are experiencing their transition to adulthood in a changed social and political context which offers opportunities compared to the past but also threats. This paper presents the first national level analysis of the patterning of key transitions (completion of education, entry into the labour force, motherhood and marriage or cohabitation), and the association between the different pathways and health amongst young women...
March 2, 2018: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29533523/prior-work-and-educational-experience-are-not-associated-with-successful-completion-of-a-master-s-level-distance-education-midwifery-program
#16
Nancy A Niemczyk, Alison Cutts, Dana B Perlman
INTRODUCTION: In order to increase and diversify the midwifery workforce, admissions criteria for midwifery education programs must not contain unnecessary barriers to entry. Once accepted, students need to successfully complete the program. Many admissions criteria commonly used in midwifery education programs in the United States are not evidence based and could be unnecessary barriers to education. The primary objective of this study was to identify factors known during the admission process that were related to successful completion or failure to complete a midwifery program educating both student nurse-midwives (SNMs) and student midwives (SMs); a secondary objective was to quantify reasons for program noncompletion...
March 13, 2018: Journal of Midwifery & Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29531427/short-term-impacts-of-an-unconditional-cash-transfer-program-on-child-schooling-experimental-evidence-from-malawi
#17
Kelly Kilburn, Sudhanshu Handa, Gustavo Angeles, Peter Mvula, Maxton Tsoka
This study analyzes the impact of a positive income shock on child schooling outcomes using experimental data from an unconditional cash transfer program in Malawi. Since households receive the cash and parents are responsible for making spending decisions, we also examine the intervening pathways between cash transfers and child schooling. Data comes from a cluster-randomized study of Malawi's Social Cash Transfer Program (SCTP). After a baseline survey, households in village clusters were randomly assigned to treatment and control arms with treatment villages receiving transfers immediately and control villages assigned a later entry...
August 2017: Economics of Education Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29504414/irish-school-entry-screening-referral-trends-and-cohort-comparison-with-preschool-specialist-referrals
#18
Theresa Pitt-Byrne
OBJECTIVE: To analyse referral cohorts from School Entry Screening, Hearing (SHS) and Vision Screening (SVS) before and after documented changes. To compare referrals to pre-school specialists with subsequent group SHS outcomes. DESIGN: Randomized cohort, audit analysis of Community Nursing Developmental and SES records (CHRs), plus Audiology file review for SHS referrals. STUDY SAMPLE: Six hundred and sixty-eight mainstream pupils' CHRs were analysed in four birth cohorts, post-SES, using coded anonymized records...
March 5, 2018: International Journal of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29504021/facilitating-racial-and-ethnic-diversity-in-the-health-workforce
#19
Cyndy R Snyder, Bianca K Frogner, Susan M Skillman
Racial and ethnic diversity in the health workforce can facilitate access to healthcare for underserved populations and meet the health needs of an increasingly diverse population. In this study, we explored 1) changes in the racial and ethnic diversity of the health workforce in the United States over the last decade, and 2) evidence on the effectiveness of programs designed to promote racial and ethnic diversity in the U.S. health workforce. Findings suggest that although the health workforce overall is becoming more diverse, people of color are most often represented among the entry-level, lower-skilled health occupations...
2018: Journal of Allied Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29501315/mainstream-school-readiness-skills-of-a-group-of-young-cochlear-implant-users
#20
Cila Umat, Siti Zamratol-Mai Sarah Mukari, Norbaya Nordin, Tiagarajan A/L Annamalay, Basyariatul Fathi Othman
OBJECTIVES: The aims of the study were to compare the mainstream school readiness skills of young cochlear implant (CI) users to that of a group of normal hearing (NH) children and assessed the inter-rater agreement between parents and teachers on school readiness skills of the CI children. METHODS: A total of 11 parents and 8 teachers of the 6-year old CI children participated and rated the children using the School Readiness Scale to Year One. Data from 207 6-year old NH children from five states in Malaysia were also collected using the same scale which has nine domains...
April 2018: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
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