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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333848/associations-among-behavioral-sleep-disturbance-family-functioning-and-controller-medication-adherence-in-children-with-asthma
#1
Jennifer T Sonney, Chris Segrin, Teresa M Ward
OBJECTIVE: This study examined the associations among child sleep disturbances, family functioning, and asthma controller medication adherence in school-age children with persistent asthma. METHODS: Thirty-four children aged 6 to 11 years and a parent independently reported on asthma control and controller medication adherence. Parents also reported on family functioning (behavior control) and child sleep disturbances (bedtime resistance, daytime sleepiness). Hierarchical linear regression models tested sleep disturbance variables as predictors of family functioning and medication adherence...
March 21, 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330490/explaining-culturally-and-linguistically-diverse-cald-parents-access-of-healthcare-services-for-developmental-surveillance-and-anticipatory-guidance-qualitative-findings-from-the-watch-me-grow-study
#2
Pankaj Garg, My Trinh Ha, John Eastwood, Susan Harvey, Sue Woolfenden, Elisabeth Murphy, Cheryl Dissanayake, Bin Jalaludin, Katrina Williams, Anne McKenzie, Stewart Einfeld, Natalie Silove, Kate Short, Valsamma Eapen
BACKGROUND: Regular health visits for parents with young children provide an opportunity for developmental surveillance and anticipatory guidance regarding common childhood problems and help to achieve optimal developmental progress prior to school entry. However, there are few published reports from Australian culturally and linguistically diverse (CALD) communities exploring parents' experiences for accessing child health surveillance programs. This paper aims to describe and explain parental experiences for accessing developmental surveillance and anticipatory guidance for children...
March 22, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316910/are-single-entry-communities-and-cul-de-sacs-a-barrier-to-active-transport-to-school-in-11-elementary-schools-in-las-vegas-nv-metropolitan-area
#3
Courtney Coughenour, Sheila Clark, Ashok Singh, Joshua Huebner
Single entry communities (SECs) and cul-de-sacs minimize route choices and increase trip distance. Las Vegas' built environment facilitates the examination of these variables and active transport to school (ATS) rates. The purpose of this study was to examine the influence of SECs and cul-de-sacs on ATS rates in Las Vegas, NV elementary children. Parental-reported data was collected from 11 elementary schools on ATS rates (n = 1217). SECs and cul-de-sacs were quantified for each school zone. Logistic regression models were used to predict ATS...
June 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290967/the-brief-military-career-of-dr-william-h-welch
#4
James K Gilman
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this article is to examine the Army service of Dr. William H. Welch during World War I. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Archival research utilizing prime source documents in the William H. Welch Collection of the Alan M. Chesney Medical Archives for the Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions. RESULTS: Welch joined the Army at the age of 67 after serving as one of the principal transformational forces for reforming medical education in the United States and founding the first academic institution for educating public health professionals in the United States, the Johns Hopkins School of Public Health and Hygiene...
March 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290724/can-a-teacher-reported-indicator-be-used-for-population-monitoring-of-oral-language-skills-at-school-entry
#5
Sarah Gray, Amanda Kvalsvig, Meredith O'Connor, Elodie O'Connor, Emily Incledon, Joanne Tarasuik, Sharon Goldfeld
PURPOSE: Monitoring oral language skills at the population level would provide valuable data to inform policy decisions to better support children's oral language skills in schools. The Australian Early Development Census (AEDC) is a teacher-rated population measure of early child development that includes a rating of children's oral communication in the classroom (OCC). METHOD: This study evaluates the validity of the OCC indicator for population monitoring of children's oral language skills, capitalising on data from two datasets: the 2012 AEDC cohort (n = 289 973) and a subsample of children from the Longitudinal Study of Australian Children for whom AEDC data were also collected (n = 720)...
March 14, 2017: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290253/the-interaction-between-parenting-and-children-s-cortisol-reactivity-at-age-3-predicts-increases-in-children-s-internalizing-and-externalizing-symptoms-at-age-6
#6
Chelsey S Barrios, Sara J Bufferd, Daniel N Klein, Lea R Dougherty
Little is known about the role of stress reactivity in the emergence of psychopathology across early childhood. In this longitudinal study, we tested the hypothesis that child cortisol reactivity at age 3 moderates associations between early parenting and children's internalizing and externalizing symptoms from age 3 to age 6. One hundred and sixty children were assessed at age 3, and 135 children were reassessed at age 6. At age 3, we exposed children to stress-inducing laboratory tasks, during which we obtained four salivary cortisol samples, and parental hostility was assessed using an observational parent-child interaction task...
March 14, 2017: Development and Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286135/special-health-care-needs-across-the-school-and-family-contexts-implications-for-service-utilization
#7
Meredith O'Connor, Stefanie Rosema, Jon Quach, Amanda Kvalsvig, Sharon Goldfeld
OBJECTIVES: A fifth of children enter school with special health care needs (SHCN), many of whom have difficulties that are milder or not yet formally diagnosed (emerging SHCN). This study aimed to investigate how differing perceptions of children's emerging SHCN across the family and school contexts relates to service utilization. METHOD: Sample: The nationally-representative birth cohort of the Longitudinal Study of Australian Children (LSAC), which includes parent reports on the abbreviated Children with Special Health Care Needs Screener (CSHCNS)...
March 7, 2017: Academic Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278601/age-4-predictors-of-oppositional-defiant-disorder-in-early-grammar-school
#8
John V Lavigne, Fred B Bryant, Joyce Hopkins, Karen R Gouze
Our ability to predict which children will exhibit oppositional defiant disorder (ODD) at the time of entry into grammar school at age 6 lags behind our understanding of the risk factors for ODD. This study examined how well a set of multidomain risk factors for ODD assessed in 4-year-old children predicted age 6 ODD diagnostic status. Participants were a diverse sample of 796 4-year-old children (391 boys).The sample was 54% White, non-Hispanic; 16.8% African American, 20.4% Hispanic; 2.4% Asian; and 4.4% Other or mixed race...
February 26, 2017: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274389/human-papillomavirus-hpv-vaccine-initiation-in-minority-americans
#9
P De, H Budhwani
OBJECTIVES: Transmission of the human papillomavirus (HPV) is a significant public health concern. HPV is preventable through a series of vaccinations; however, knowledge gaps exist as to which groups are least likely to initiate vaccination. Considering this gap, the aim of this study is to examine HPV vaccine initiation rates in racial minorities, comparing foreign-born individuals to their American-born peers. STUDY DESIGN: Population-based data from the 2013 National Health Interview Survey (NHIS), a repeated large-scale household interview survey of a statistically representative sample of the United States civilian non-institutionalized population, were applied...
March 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28264035/associations-of-employment-status-and-educational-levels-with-mortality-and-hospitalization-in-the-dialysis-outcomes-and-practice-patterns-study-in-japan
#10
Yasuo Imanishi, Shingo Fukuma, Angelo Karaboyas, Bruce M Robinson, Ronald L Pisoni, Takanobu Nomura, Takashi Akiba, Tadao Akizawa, Kiyoshi Kurokawa, Akira Saito, Shunichi Fukuhara, Masaaki Inaba
BACKGROUND: Socioeconomic status (SES) factors such as employment, educational attainment, income, and marital status can affect the health and well-being of the general population and have been associated with the prevalence of chronic kidney disease (CKD). However, no studies to date in Japan have reported on the prognosis of patients with CKD with respect to SES. This study aimed to investigate the influences of employment and education level on mortality and hospitalization among maintenance hemodialysis (HD) patients in Japan...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28257586/late-talkers-a-population-based-study-of-risk-factors-and-school-readiness-consequences
#11
Carol Scheffner Hammer, Paul Morgan, George Farkas, Marianne Hillemeier, Dana Bitetti, Steve Maczuga
Purpose: This study was designed to (a) identify sociodemographic, pregnancy and birth, family health, and parenting and child care risk factors for being a late talker at 24 months of age; (b) determine whether late talkers continue to have low vocabulary at 48 months; and (c) investigate whether being a late talker plays a unique role in children's school readiness at 60 months. Method: We analyzed data from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study, a population-based sample of 9,600 children...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28253187/pediatric-dentists-perspective-of-general-dentists-role-in-treating-children-aged-0-3-years
#12
Julie M Coe, Shinjni Razdan, Al M Best, Tegwyn H Brickhouse
This study examined pediatric dentists' perspectives on the types of dental services general dentists provide to children who are 0-3 years old. A web-based survey was sent to 5185 pediatric dentists and 769 (14.8%) responded. Among the respondents, 58% agreed with general dentists' providing an age 1 dental visit. Only 24% agreed with general dentists' performing complex behavior management techniques, such as sedation, to patients aged 0-3 years. Those respondents who taught pediatric dentistry full time were more likely to agree with general dentists' providing an age 1 dental visit (P = 0...
March 2017: General Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28248735/self-managed-ehealth-disease-monitoring-in-children-and-adolescents-with-inflammatory-bowel-disease-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#13
Katrine Carlsen, Christian Jakobsen, Gunnar Houen, Thomas Kallemose, Anders Paerregaard, Lene B Riis, Pia Munkholm, Vibeke Wewer
BACKGROUND: To evaluate the impact of eHealth on disease activity, the need for hospital contacts, and medical adherence in children and adolescents with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Furthermore, to assess eHealth's influence on school attendance and quality of life (QoL). METHODS: Patients with IBD, 10 to 17 years attending a public university hospital, were prospectively randomized to a 2-year open label case-controlled eHealth intervention. The eHealth-group used the web-application young...
February 13, 2017: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28247517/hematology-oncology-pharmacy-association-entry-level-competencies-task-force-response-statement-to-the-2016-american-college-of-clinical-pharmacy-accp-pharmacotherapy-didactic-curriculum-toolkit
#14
Ginah Nightingale, Ila M Saunders, Jill M Comeau, Karen Fancher, Tim Miller, Cindy O'Bryant, Jason Yeh
As more disease states have an increasing number of therapeutic options, pharmacy schools are continuously challenged to provide pharmacy students with a comprehensive education in a finite amount of time. It is particularly challenging to determine which diseases and associated therapeutic options should be included in the curriculum. The 2016 ACCP Pharmacotherapy Didactic Curriculum Toolkit seeks to provide clarity and guidance to schools and colleges of pharmacy to assist with curricular development.(1) Oncologic disorders are a vital part of the pharmacy curricula and are taught in the majority of colleges of pharmacy in the United States in the didactic and experiential setting...
March 1, 2017: Pharmacotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28246097/exposure-of-undergraduates-to-authentic-gp-teaching-and-subsequent-entry-to-gp-training-a-quantitative-study-of-uk-medical-schools
#15
Hugh Alberti, Hannah L Randles, Alex Harding, Robert K McKinley
BACKGROUND: It has been suggested that the quantity of exposure to general practice teaching at medical school is associated with future choice of a career as a GP. AIM: To examine the relationship between general practice exposure at medical school and the percentage of each school's graduates appointed to a general practice training programme after foundation training (postgraduate years 1 and 2). DESIGN AND SETTING: A quantitative study of 29 UK medical schools...
February 28, 2017: British Journal of General Practice: the Journal of the Royal College of General Practitioners
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28245890/one-hundred-years-of-neglect-in-paediatric-schistosomiasis
#16
Amaya L Bustinduy, Stephen Wright, Elizabeth C Joekes, Narcis B Kabatereine, Jutta Reinhard-Rupp, Charles H King, J Russell Stothard
Early in the history of schistosomiasis research, children under 5 years of age were known to be infected. Although this problem was recognized over 100 years ago, insufficient action has been taken to address this issue. Under current policy, such infected children only receive their first antiparasitic treatment (praziquantel - PZQ) upon entry into primary school as current mass drug administration programmes typically target school-aged children. For many infected children, they will wait up to 6 years before receiving their first medication and significant schistosomiasis-related morbidity may have already established...
March 1, 2017: Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221247/self-managed-ehealth-disease-monitoring-in-children-and-adolescents-with-inflammatory-bowel-disease-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#17
Katrine Carlsen, Christian Jakobsen, Gunnar Houen, Thomas Kallemose, Anders Paerregaard, Lene B Riis, Pia Munkholm, Vibeke Wewer
BACKGROUND: To evaluate the impact of eHealth on disease activity, the need for hospital contacts, and medical adherence in children and adolescents with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Furthermore, to assess eHealth's influence on school attendance and quality of life (QoL). METHODS: Patients with IBD, 10 to 17 years attending a public university hospital, were prospectively randomized to a 2-year open label case-controlled eHealth intervention. The eHealth-group used the web-application young...
March 2017: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206847/vocation-belongingness-and-balance-a-qualitative-study-of-veterinary-student-well-being
#18
Jacqueline M Cardwell, Elisa G Lewis
An elevated risk for suicide among veterinarians has stimulated research into the mental health of the veterinary profession, and more recently attention has turned to the veterinary student population. This qualitative study sought to explore UK veterinary students' perceptions and experiences of university life, and to consider how these may affect well-being. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 18 students from a single UK school who were purposively selected to include perspectives from male, female, graduate-entry, standard-entry (straight from high school), and widening participation students across all 5 years of the program...
2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193287/a-comparison-of-stress-levels-coping-styles-and-psychological-morbidity-between-graduate-entry-and-traditional-undergraduate-medical-students-during-the-first-2%C3%A2-years-at-a-uk-medical-school
#19
COMPARATIVE STUDY
R Zvauya, F Oyebode, E J Day, C P Thomas, L A Jones
BACKGROUND: Stress levels and psychological morbidity are high among undergraduate medical students (UGs), but there is a lack of research into the psychological health of UK graduate-entry medical students (GEs). GEs are likely to experience different (perhaps more severe) stressors and to cope with stress differently. We compared stress levels, psychological morbidity and coping styles in GE versus UG medical students studying at the same UK medical school in the same academic year...
February 13, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181248/i-spatial-skills-their-development-and-their-links-to-mathematics
#20
Brian N Verdine, Roberta Michnick Golinkoff, Kathy Hirsh-Pasek, Nora S Newcombe
Understanding the development of spatial skills is important for promoting school readiness and improving overall success in STEM (science, technology, engineering, and mathematics) fields (e.g., Wai, Lubinski, Benbow, & Steiger, 2010). Children use their spatial skills to understand the world, including visualizing how objects fit together, and can practice them via spatial assembly activities (e.g., puzzles or blocks). These skills are incorporated into measures of overall intelligence and have been linked to success in subjects like mathematics (Mix & Cheng, 2012) and science (Pallrand & Seeber, 1984; Pribyl & Bodner, 1987)...
March 2017: Monographs of the Society for Research in Child Development
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