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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526974/the-health-equity-scholars-program-innovation-in-the-leaky-pipeline
#1
Carole C Upshur, Diedra M Wrighting, Gonzalo Bacigalupe, Joan Becker, Laura Hayman, Barbara Lewis, Sylvia Mignon, Megan E Rokop, Elizabeth Sweet, Marie Idali Torres, Paul Watanabe, Cedric Woods
Despite attempts to increase enrollment of under-represented minorities (URMs: primarily Black/African American, Hispanic/Latino, and Native American students) in health professional programs, limited progress has been made. Compelling reasons to rectify this situation include equity for URMs, better prepared health professionals when programs are diverse, better quality and access to health care for UMR populations, and the need for diverse talent to tackle difficult questions in health science and health care delivery...
May 19, 2017: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497503/establishing-australian-school-re-entry-service-guidelines-for-children-diagnosed-with-cancer
#2
Alistair Lum, Barb Donnan, Claire E Wakefield, Joanna E Fardell, Glenn M Marshall
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 12, 2017: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493509/linking-public-health-nursing-competencies-and-service-learning-in-a-global-setting
#3
Cynthia L Brown
BACKGROUND: Nurse educators in baccalaureate programs are charged with addressing student competence in public health nursing practice. These educators are also responsible for creating nursing student opportunities for civic engagement and development of critical thinking skills. The IOM report (2010) on the Future of Nursing emphasizes the nurse educator's role in promoting collaborative partnerships that incorporate interdisciplinary and intraprofessional efforts to promote health...
May 11, 2017: Public Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489500/does-one-year-of-schooling-improve-children-s-cognitive-control-and-alter-associated-brain-activation
#4
Garvin Brod, Silvia A Bunge, Yee Lee Shing
The "5-to-7-year shift" refers to the remarkable improvements observed in children's cognitive abilities during this age range, particularly in their ability to exert control over their attention and behavior-that is, their executive functioning. As this shift coincides with school entry, the extent to which it is driven by brain maturation or by exposure to formal schooling is unclear. In this longitudinal study, we followed 5-year-olds born close to the official cutoff date for entry into first grade and compared those who subsequently entered first grade that year with those who remained in kindergarten, which is more play oriented...
May 1, 2017: Psychological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28451556/sensitivity-and-specificity-of-preschool-vision-screening-in-iran
#5
Hassan Hashemi, Abbasali Yekta, Ebrahim Jafarzadehpur, Hadi Ostadimoghaddam, Amir Asharlous, Payam Nabovati, Mehdi Khabazkhoob
BACKGROUND: To determine the sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value (PPV), and negative predictive value (NPV) of the National Vision Screening Program for 7 yr old children in Iran. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, eight cities in Iran were selected through multistage cluster sampling. Selected cities were Sari, Birjand, Ardabil, Mashhad, Bandar Abbas, Dezful, Yazd, and Arak, in Iran in 2013. Totally, 4614 schoolchildren were selected, 4106 of which participated in the study...
February 2017: Iranian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436204/disabled-graduate-entry-medical-student-experience
#6
Simon Tso
BACKGROUND: This study explored the experiences of graduate-entry medicine degree programme students who were disabled on the disclosure of their disability and the challenging disability issues they encountered during their degree programme. METHODS: Eight student volunteers with a disability from the University of Warwick graduate-entry medicine degree programme took part in this study. Audio recordings of their semi-structured interviews were transcribed verbatim and analysed thematically...
April 24, 2017: Clinical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434402/implementing-the-communication-for-development-strategy-to-improve-knowledge-and-coverage-of-measles-vaccination-in-western-chinese-immunization-programs-a-before-and-after-evaluation
#7
Ming Lu, Yao-Zhu Chu, Wen-Zhou Yu, Robert Scherpbier, Yu-Qing Zhou, Xu Zhu, Qi-Ru Su, Meng-Juan Duan, Xuan Zhang, Fu-Qiang Cui, Hua-Qing Wang, Yi-Biao Zhou, Qing-Wu Jiang
BACKGROUND: Communication for Development (C4D) is a strategy promoted by the United Nations Children's Fund to foster positive and measurable changes at the individual, family, community, social, and policy levels of society. In western China, C4D activities have previously been conducted as part of province-level immunization programs. In this study, we evaluated the association of C4D with changes in parental knowledge of immunization services, measles disease, and measles vaccine, and changes in their children's measles vaccine coverage...
April 24, 2017: Infectious Diseases of Poverty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429816/a-randomised-controlled-trial-to-test-the-effect-of-promoting-caregiver-contingent-talk-on-language-development-in-infants-from-diverse-socioeconomic-status-backgrounds
#8
Michelle McGillion, Julian M Pine, Jane S Herbert, Danielle Matthews
BACKGROUND: Early language skills are critical for later academic success. Lower socioeconomic status (SES) children tend to start school with limited language skills compared to advantaged peers. We test the hypothesis that this is due in part to differences in caregiver contingent talk during infancy (how often the caregiver talks about what is in the focus of the infant's attention). METHODS: In a randomised controlled trial with high and low SES families, 142 11-month olds and their caregivers were randomly allocated to either a contingent talk intervention or a dental health control...
April 21, 2017: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425882/associations-between-the-big-five-personality-traits-and-a-medical-school-admission-interview
#9
Isabel Lourinho, André Moreira, Rui Mota-Cardoso, Milton Severo, Maria Amélia Ferreira
INTRODUCTION: Personality has became popular in medical student's selection. However, few research exists about the association between the big five personality traits and the existent medical school selection tools. Our aim was to study which personality traits were selected by a medical school admission interview. MATERIAL AND METHODS: One hundred ninety four graduate applicants that had applied to the Faculty of Medicine of the University of Porto through the graduate entry approach, after ranked on previous achievement, were interviewed between the academic years of 2011 and 2013...
December 30, 2016: Acta Médica Portuguesa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425728/parent-teacher-child-child-relationships-and-engagement-at-school-entry-mediating-interactive-and-transactional-associations-across-contexts
#10
Melissa Castle Heatly, Elizabeth Votruba-Drzal
Early school engagement patterns set the stage for short- and long-term academic behaviors and progress, and low engagement at school entry can give rise to dysfunctional school behavior and underachievement in later years. Relationships with parents and teachers provide a foundation upon which children develop the skills and behaviors that are critical for engagement in early elementary school. However, the cross-contextual and transactional processes by which these relationships are associated with engagement in early elementary school remain unclear...
April 20, 2017: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420822/re-entry-and-related-predictors-among-hiv-infected-clients-receiving-methadone-maintenance-treatment-in-guangdong-province-china
#11
Xiaofeng Luo, Xiao Gong, Peizhen Zhao, Xia Zou, Wen Chen, Li Ling
This study examined the re-entry characteristics and related predictors among HIV-infected methadone maintenance treatment (MMT) clients in Guangdong, China. Data on HIV-infected MMT clients was obtained from the clinic MMT registration system in Guangdong. Of the 653 participants, only 9.0% remained in the MMT program until the end of the study. For the drop-outs, 70.0% returned to MMT at least once by the end of the study. Re-entry was independently associated with marital status (ORnever married = 2.24, 95% CI: 1...
April 18, 2017: Bioscience Trends
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413917/is-the-families-first-home-visiting-program-effective-in-reducing-child-maltreatment-and-improving-child-development
#12
Mariette J Chartier, Marni D Brownell, Michael R Isaac, Dan Chateau, Nathan C Nickel, Alan Katz, Joykrishna Sarkar, Milton Hu, Carole Taylor
While home visiting programs are among the most widespread interventions to support at-risk families, there is a paucity of research investigating these programs under real-world conditions. The effectiveness of Families First home visiting (FFHV) was examined for decreasing rates of being in care of child welfare, decreasing hospitalizations for maltreatment-related injuries, and improving child development at school entry. Data for 4,562 children from home visiting and 5,184 comparison children were linked to deidentified administrative health, social services, and education data...
May 2017: Child Maltreatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409676/analysis-of-risk-factors-for-persistent-infection-of-asymptomatic-women-with-high-risk-human-papilloma-virus
#13
Nianmin Shi, Qiang Lu, Jiao Zhang, Li Li, Junnan Zhang, Fanglei Zhang, Yanhong Dong, Xinyue Zhang, Zheng Zhang, Wenhui Gao
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to prevent persistentinfection, reduce the incidence of cervical cancer, and improve women's health by understanding the theoretical basis of the risk factors for continuous infection of asymptomatic women with high-risk human papilloma virus (HPV) strains via information collected, which includes the persistent infection rate and the most prevalent HPV strain types of high risk to asymptomatic women in the high-risk area of cervical cancer in Linfen, Shanxi Province...
April 14, 2017: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398663/early-childhood-development-of-boys-with-genital-anomalies
#14
Francisco J Schneuer, Jason P Bentley, Andrew J A Holland, Samantha J Lain, Sarra E Jamieson, Nadia Badawi, Natasha Nassar
BACKGROUND: Male genital anomalies often require surgery in early life to address functional and cosmetic consequences. However, there has been little assessment of developmental outcomes of affected boys. METHODS: We conducted a population-based cohort study of all boys born in New South Wales, Australia, and undergoing school-entry developmental assessment in 2009 or 2012. Health and developmental information was obtained by means of record-linkage of birth, hospital and Australian Early Development Census data...
May 1, 2017: Birth Defects Res
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393109/getting-a-child-through-secondary-school-and-to-college-in-india-the-role-of-household-social-capital
#15
Tyler W Myroniuk, Reeve Vanneman, Sonalde Desai
In the classic formulations of social capital theory, families employ their social capital resources to enhance other capitals, in particular their human capital investments. Social capital would seem to be especially important in the case of India where, in recent years, higher education has been under considerable stress with rising educational demand, inadequate supply, and little parental experience to guide their children's transition through the education system. We use the 2005 and 2012 waves of the nationally representative India Human Development Survey (IHDS) to show how relatively high status connections advantage some families' chances of their children reaching educational milestones such as secondary school completion and college entry...
2017: Sociology of Development (Oakland, Calif.)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28388923/effectiveness-of-a-novel-mobile-health-education-intervention-peek-on-spectacle-wear-among-children-in-india-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#16
Priya Morjaria, Andrew Bastawrous, Gudlavalleti Venkata Satyanarayana Murthy, Jennifer Evans, Clare Gilbert
BACKGROUND: Uncorrected refractive errors are the commonest cause of visual loss in children despite spectacle correction being highly cost-effective. Many affected children do not benefit from correction as a high proportion do not wear their spectacles. Reasons for non-wear include parental attitudes, overprescribing and children being teased/bullied. Most school programmes do not provide health education for affected children, their peers, teachers or parents. The Portable Eye Examination Kit (Peek) will be used in this study...
April 8, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384149/the-proposal-for-a-third-medical-school-in-new-zealand-a-community-engaged-graduate-entry-medical-program
#17
Ross Lawrenson, G Ian Town, Roger Strasser, Sarah Strasser, Judy McKimm, Rees Tapsell, Nigel Murray
New Zealand has a maldistributed workforce that is heavily dependent on recruiting international medical graduates. Shortages are particularly apparent in high needs communities and in general scope specialties in provincial regions. The University of Waikato in partnership with the Waikato District Health Board has proposed a third medical school for New Zealand which will concentrate on addressing the workforce needs of disadvantaged rural and provincial communities. The proposed program is a community engaged, graduate entry medical course...
April 7, 2017: New Zealand Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28383344/effects-of-california-assembly-bill-2109-in-low-vaccination-rate-counties-are-we-looking-at-the-right-variables
#18
Cody Rosentrater, Tracy L Finlayson, K Michael Peddecord
OBJECTIVES: California Assembly Bill 2109 (AB2109) was passed in 2012 and restricted the obtainment of personal belief exemptions (PBEs) for vaccination requirements for school-aged children. This study examined changes in up-to-date (UTD) vaccination rates, PBEs, and conditionally accepted students (CASs) at 3 time points. The study also examined the association of PBEs and CASs on county and school immunization rates. DESIGN: This study utilized 6 academic years of immunization data from all kindergartens in California from 2010-2011 to 2015-2016...
April 4, 2017: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28381896/establishment-and-implementation-of-a-required-medication-therapy-management-advanced-pharmacy-practice-experience
#19
Wesley Nuffer, Eric Gilliam, Megan Thompson, Joseph Vande Griend
Objective. To develop a community pharmacy-based medication therapy management (MTM) advanced pharmacy practice experience (APPE) that provides students with skills and knowledge to deliver entry-level pharmacy MTM services. Design. The University of Colorado Skaggs School of Pharmacy & Pharmaceutical Sciences (SSPPS) partnered with three community pharmacy chains to establish this three-week, required MTM APPE. Students completed the American Pharmacists Association MTM Certificate Course prior to entering the APPE...
March 25, 2017: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28379081/tensions-in-mentoring-medical-students-toward-self-directed-and-reflective-learning-in-a-longitudinal-portfolio-based-mentoring-system-an-activity-theory-analysis
#20
Sylvia Heeneman, Willem de Grave
BACKGROUND: In medical education, students need to acquire skills to self-direct(ed) learning (SDL), to enable their development into self-directing and reflective professionals. This study addressed the mentor perspective on how processes in the mentor-student interaction influenced development of SDL. METHODS: n = 22 mentors of a graduate-entry medical school with a problem-based curriculum and longitudinal mentoring system were interviewed (n = 1 recording failed)...
April 2017: Medical Teacher
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