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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913921/language-difficulty-at-school-entry-and-the-trajectories-of-hyperactivity-inattention-problems-from-ages-4-to-11-evidence-from-a-population-representative-cohort-study
#1
Shaun Goh Kok Yew, Richard O'Kearney
Latent growth curve modelling was used to contrast the developmental trajectories of hyperactivity-inattention (H-I) problems across childhood for children with a language difficulty at the start of school and those with typical language and to examine if the presence of a language difficulty moderates the associations of child, parent and peer predictors with these trajectories. Unconditional and language-status conditional latent growth curves of H-I problems were estimated for a large nationally representative cohort of children, comprising 1627 boys (280 - language difficulty) and 1609 girls (159 - language difficulty) measured at age 4 to 5, 6 to 7, 8 to 9 and 10 to 11...
December 3, 2016: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905834/rubella-outbreak-and-outbreak-management-in-a-school-setting-china-2014
#2
Caiyun Chang, Huilai Ma, Wenjia Liang, Pei Hu, Xianghuan Mo, Zhijie An, Huizhen Zheng
BACKGROUND: An active response to a rubella outbreak may interrupt disease transmission, and outbreak response immunization (ORI) can increase immunity among persons who might otherwise not be protected. On March 17, 2014, a rubella outbreak was reported in a middle school in Guangzhou city, China. We conducted an investigation to assess impact of a policy of exclusion of cases from school and of ORI. METHODS: Active surveillance was used to find cases of rubella...
December 1, 2016: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900167/scat2-and-scat3-scores-at-baseline-and-after-sports-related-mild-brain-injury-concussion-qualitative-synthesis-with-weighted-means
#3
Roger E Thomas, Jorge Alves, Marcus M Vaska, Rosana Magalhães
OBJECTIVE: Identify all Sport Concussion Assessment Tool (SCAT2/3) studies, compare baseline and postconcussion results. DESIGN: Systematic review (qualitative synthesis, weighted means). DATA SOURCES: 18 databases, 9 grey literature resources searched for SCAT2/3 data; 9150 articles identified, titles/abstracts assessed/data-entry independently by two reviewers. ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA FOR SELECTING STUDIES: Any studies reporting partial/complete SCAT2/3 data...
2016: BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893250/variation-in-impacts-of-tulsa-pre-k-on-cognitive-development-in-kindergarten-the-role-of-instructional-support
#4
Anna D Johnson, Anna J Markowitz, Carolyn J Hill, Deborah A Phillips
Public prekindergarten (pre-K) programs have been a recent focus of policy and research attention, in part because of their empirically documented, positive short-term impacts on child cognitive development and school readiness. However, no studies have explored factors that might explain variation across schools in public pre-K impacts. The current study examines the Tulsa Public School pre-K program's impacts on children's letter-word identification, spelling, and applied problem-solving skills at kindergarten entry...
December 2016: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27883928/graduate-entry-nurses-initial-perspectives-on-nursing-content-analysis-of-open-ended-survey-questions
#5
Lisa McKenna, Ingrid Brooks, Rebecca Vanderheide
BACKGROUND: Graduate entry nursing courses offer individuals with prior degrees the opportunity to gain nursing qualifications and facilitate career change. While it is known that accelerated graduate entry courses are increasingly popular, the perceptions of nursing held by such individuals and the influence this has on those seeking to enter the profession are less clearly understood. OBJECTIVE: To explore graduate entry nursing students' perceptions of nursing on entering their pre-registration course...
November 12, 2016: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870300/the-lasting-health-impact-of-leaving-school-in-a-bad-economy-britons-in-the-1970s-recession
#6
Clementine Garrouste, Mathilde Godard
This paper investigates whether leaving school in a bad economy deteriorates health in the long run. It focuses on low-educated individuals in England and Wales who entered the labour market immediately after the 1973 oil crisis. Our identification strategy relies on the comparison of individuals who left school at the compulsory age, were born in the same year and had a similar quantity of education - but whose school-leaving behaviour in different years (hence, different economic conditions) was exogenously implied by compulsory schooling laws...
November 2016: Health Economics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855685/understanding-the-barriers-to-successful-adoption-and-use-of-a-mobile-health-information-system-in-a-community-health-center-in-s%C3%A3-o-paulo-brazil-a-cohort-study
#7
Jayant V Rajan, Juliana Moura, Gato Gourley, Karina Kiso, Alexandre Sizilio, Ana Maria Cortez, Lee W Riley, Maria Amelia Veras, Urmimala Sarkar
BACKGROUND: Mobile technology to support community health has surged in popularity, yet few studies have systematically examined usability of mobile platforms for this setting. METHODS: We conducted a mixed-methods study of 14 community healthcare workers at a public healthcare clinic in São Paulo, Brazil. We held focus groups with community healthcare workers to elicit their ideas about a mobile health application and used this input to build a prototype app. A pre-use test survey was administered to all participants, who subsequently use-tested the app on three different devices (iPhone, iPad mini, iPad Air)...
November 17, 2016: BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852947/psychological-distress-and-associated-factors-among-mexican-american-adolescent-females
#8
Pamela Recto, Jane Dimmitt Champion
INTRODUCTION: Mental health literacy is a critical component of adolescent health enabling recognition, management, and prevention of psychological distress. Adolescents engaging in risk behaviors and experiencing interpersonal violence, substance use, and pregnancy are at high risk for psychological distress. METHOD: Secondary analysis of data collected via a control randomized trial among Mexican American females (aged 14-18 years; N = 461) experiencing high-risk sexual behavior, interpersonal violence, and sexually transmitted infection was conducted with comparisons of psychological distress by pregnancy status...
December 2016: Hispanic Health Care International: the Official Journal of the National Association of Hispanic Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27832328/-ophthalmological-rehabilitation-of-visually-impaired-children
#9
E K Altpeter, N X Nguyen
BACKGROUND: There are very few studies on visually impaired children in Germany; therefore, the aim of this study was to investigate the current spectrum of diseases of visually impaired children and the care of these children in schools and kindergartens with aids and integrative support. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In a retrospective study all children (n =303) who attended the outpatient department for the visually impaired of the University Eye Hospital Tübingen in 2013 and 2014 were evaluated...
November 10, 2016: Der Ophthalmologe: Zeitschrift der Deutschen Ophthalmologischen Gesellschaft
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27804091/selecting-for-a-sustainable-workforce-to-meet-the-future-healthcare-needs-of-rural-communities-in-australia
#10
M Hay, A M Mercer, I Lichtwark, S Tran, W C Hodgson, H T Aretz, E G Armstrong, D Gorman
An undersupply of generalists doctors in rural communities globally led to widening participation (WP) initiatives to increase the proportion of rural origin medical students. In 2002 the Australian Government mandated that 25% of commencing Australian medical students be of rural origin. Meeting this target has largely been achieved through reduced standards of entry for rural relative to urban applicants. This initiative is based on the assumption that rural origin students will succeed during training, and return to practice in rural locations...
November 1, 2016: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27785729/relevance-of-anatomy-to-medical-education-and-clinical-practice-perspectives-of-medical-students-clinicians-and-educators
#11
Amgad Sbayeh, Mohammad A Qaedi Choo, Kathleen A Quane, Paul Finucane, Deirdre McGrath, Siun O'Flynn, Siobhain M O'Mahony, Colm M P O'Tuathaigh
INTRODUCTION: Against a backdrop of ever-changing diagnostic and treatment modalities, stakeholder perceptions (medical students, clinicians, anatomy educators) are crucial for the design of an anatomy curriculum which fulfils the criteria required for safe medical practice. This study compared perceptions of students, practising clinicians, and anatomy educators with respect to the relevance of anatomy education to medicine. METHODS: A quantitative survey was administered to undergraduate entry (n = 352) and graduate entry students (n = 219) at two Irish medical schools, recently graduated Irish clinicians (n = 146), and anatomy educators based in Irish and British medical schools (n = 30)...
October 26, 2016: Perspectives on Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27775416/the-sense-study-post-intervention-effects-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-a-cognitive-behavioral-and-mindfulness-based-group-sleep-improvement-intervention-among-at-risk-adolescents
#12
Matthew Blake, Joanna M Waloszek, Orli Schwartz, Monika Raniti, Julian G Simmons, Laura Blake, Greg Murray, Ronald E Dahl, Richard Bootzin, Paul Dudgeon, John Trinder, Nicholas B Allen
OBJECTIVE: Sleep problems are a major risk factor for the emergence of mental health problems in adolescence. The aim of this study was to investigate the post intervention effects of a cognitive-behavioral/mindfulness-based group sleep intervention on sleep and mental health among at-risk adolescents. METHOD: A randomized controlled trial (RCT) was conducted across High schools in Melbourne, Australia. One hundred forty-four adolescents (aged 12-17 years) with high levels of anxiety and sleeping difficulties, but without past or current depressive disorder, were randomized into either a sleep improvement intervention or an active control 'study skills' intervention...
December 2016: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27770463/associations-between-postpartum-depressive-symptoms-and-childhood-asthma-diminish-with-child-age
#13
Anita Kozyrskyj, Nicole Letourneau, Liane Kang, Mahin Salmani
BACKGROUND: Affecting 19% of women, postpartum depression is a major concern to the immediate health of mothers and infants. In the longterm, it has been linked to the development of early-onset asthma at school entry, but only if the depression persists beyond the postnatal period. No studies have tested whether associations with postpartum depressive symptoms and early-onset asthma phenotypes persist into later school age. OBJECTIVE: To determine associations between maternal postpartum depressive symptoms and childhood asthma between the ages of 5-10 by using a nested longitudinal design...
October 22, 2016: Clinical and Experimental Allergy: Journal of the British Society for Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27756925/net-income-of-pharmacy-faculty-compared-to-community-and-hospital-pharmacists
#14
Marie A Chisholm-Burns, Justin Gatwood, Christina A Spivey, Susan E Dickey
Objective. To compare the net cumulative income of community pharmacists, hospital pharmacists, and full-time pharmacy faculty members (residency-trained or with a PhD after obtaining a PharmD) in pharmacy practice, medicinal chemistry, pharmaceutics, pharmacology, and social and administrative sciences. Methods. Markov modeling was conducted to calculate net projected cumulative earnings of career paths by estimating the costs of education, including the costs of obtaining degrees and student loans. Results...
September 25, 2016: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27755329/descriptive-correlates-of-urban-pediatric-violent-injury-using-emergency-medical-service-patient-level-data
#15
Jennifer D H Walthall, Aaron Burgess, Elizabeth Weinstein, Charles Miramonti, Thomas Arkins, Sarah Wiehe
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to describe spatiotemporal correlates of pediatric violent injury in an urban community. METHODS: We performed a retrospective cohort study using patient-level data (2009-2011) from a novel emergency medical service computerized entry system for violent injury resulting in an ambulance dispatch among children aged 0 to 16 years. Assault location and patient residence location were cleaned and geocoded at a success rate of 98%. Distances from the assault location to both home and nearest school were calculated...
October 17, 2016: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27740668/entry-of-us-medical-school-graduates-into-family-medicine-residencies-2015-2016
#16
Stanley M Kozakowski, Alexandra Travis, Ashley Bentley, Gerald Fetter
This is the 35th national study conducted by the American Academy of Family Physicians (AAFP) that reports retrospectively the percentage of graduates from MD-granting and DO-granting medical schools who entered Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME)-accredited family medicine residency programs as first-year residents. Approximately 8.7% of the 18,929 students graduating from US MD-granting medical schools and 15.5% of the 5,314 students graduating from DO-granting medical schools between July 2014 and June 2015 entered an ACGME family medicine residency in 2015...
October 2016: Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27739391/the-dynamics-of-internalizing-and-externalizing-comorbidity-across-the-early-school-years
#17
Cynthia J Willner, Lisa M Gatzke-Kopp, Bethany C Bray
High rates of comorbidity are observed between internalizing and externalizing problems, yet the developmental dynamics of comorbid symptom presentations are not yet well understood. This study explored the developmental course of latent profiles of internalizing and externalizing symptoms across kindergarten, first grade, and second grade. The sample consisted of 336 children from an urban, low-income community, selected based on relatively high (61%) or low (39%) aggressive/oppositional behavior problems at school entry (64% male; 70% African American, 20% Hispanic)...
November 2016: Development and Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27736214/variation-in-vaccination-data-available-at-school-entry-across-the-united-states
#18
Timothy F Leslie, Erica J Street, Paul L Delamater, Y Tony Yang, Kathryn H Jacobsen
OBJECTIVES: To compile substate-level data on US school-age children's vaccination rates. METHODS: For states that did not have suitable data online, in 2015 we submitted information requests to the state health department and followed up with the state's Freedom of Information Act when necessary. RESULTS: The accessibility, scale, and types of vaccination data varied considerably. Whereas 26 states provided data online, 14 released data only after a Freedom of Information Act request...
October 13, 2016: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27731841/a-novel-service-oriented-professional-development-program-for-research-assistants-at-an-academic-hospital-a-web-based-survey
#19
Robert Li Kitts, Kyle John Koleoglou, Jennifer Elysia Holland, Eliza Haapaniemi Hutchinson, Quincy Georgdie Nang, Clare Marie Mehta, Chau Minh Tran, Laurie Newman Fishman
BACKGROUND: Research assistants (RAs) are hired at academic centers to staff the research and quality improvement projects that advance evidence-based medical practice. Considered a transient population, these young professionals may view their positions as stepping-stones along their path to graduate programs in medicine or public health. OBJECTIVE: To address the needs of these future health professionals, a novel program-Program for Research Assistant Development and Achievement (PRADA)-was developed to facilitate the development of desirable professional skill sets (ie, leadership, teamwork, communication) through participation in peer-driven service and advocacy initiatives directed toward the hospital and surrounding communities...
November 2, 2015: JMIR Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27711037/vaccination-coverage-among-children-in-kindergarten-united-states-2015-16-school-year
#20
Ranee Seither, Kayla Calhoun, Jenelle Mellerson, Cynthia L Knighton, Erica Street, Vance Dietz, J Michael Underwood
State-mandated vaccination requirements for school entry protect children and communities against vaccine-preventable diseases (1). Each school year, federally funded immunization programs (e.g., states, territories, jurisdictions) collect and report kindergarten vaccination data to CDC. This report describes vaccination coverage estimates in all 50 states and the District of Columbia (DC), and the estimated number of kindergartners with at least one vaccine exemption in 47 states and DC, during the 2015-16 school year...
October 7, 2016: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
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