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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645567/entrenched-obesity-in-childhood-findings-from-a-national-cohort-study
#1
Solveig A Cunningham, Ashlesha Datar, K M Venkat Narayan, Michael R Kramer
PURPOSE: Given the high levels of obesity among U.S. children, we examine whether obesity in childhood is a passing phenomenon or remains entrenched into adolescence. METHODS: Data are from the prospective nationally representative Early Childhood Longitudinal Study, Kindergarten Class of 1998-1999 (analytic sample = 6600). Anthropometrics were measured six times during 1998-2007. Overweight and obesity were defined using CDC cut-points. Entrenched obesity was defined as obesity between ages 5-9 coupled with persistent obesity at ages 11 and 14...
May 31, 2017: Annals of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636574/early-intervention-programme-for-patients-with-psychotic-disorders-in-sveti-ivan-psychiatric-hospital-ripepp-sociodemographic-and-baseline-characteristics-of-the-participants
#2
Branka Restek-Petrović, Ana Majdančić, Sven Molnar, Majda Grah, Ena Ivezić, Igor Filipčić, Anamarija Bogović, Vladimir Grošić, Nina Mayer, Slobodanka Kezić, Irena Pavlović
BACKGROUND: Psychiatric hospital "Sveti Ivan" in Zagreb, Croatia, offers an outpatient Early intervention programme for patients with psychotic disorders (RIPEPP), consisting of psychoeducational workshops and group psychodynamic psychotherapy. The aim of this study was to describe sociodemographic and baseline characteristics of the participants, in order to provide better understanding of this population, and to assist with the development of more effective therapeutic approaches. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Since 2008, a total of 245 patients with first episodes of psychosis and their family members participated in the programme...
June 2017: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632012/medical-school-outcomes-primary-care-specialty-choice-and-practice-in-medically-underserved-areas-by-physician-alumni-of-medprep-a-postbaccalaureate-premedical-program-for-underrepresented-and-disadvantaged-students
#3
Anneke M Metz
PROBLEM: Minorities continue to be underrepresented as physicians in medicine, and the United States currently has a number of medically underserved communities. MEDPREP, a postbaccalaureate medical school preparatory program for socioeconomically disadvantaged or underrepresented in medicine students, has a stated mission to increase the numbers of physicians from minority or disadvantaged backgrounds and physicians working with underserved populations. This study aims to determine how MEDPREP enhances U...
March 2, 2017: Teaching and Learning in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630513/career-progression-of-the-pharmacy-mba-professional-characterization-and-perceptions-of-the-combined-degree
#4
Christopher J Daly, Sarah-Elizabeth L Tierney, Erin O'Brien, Karl D Fiebelkorn, David M Jacobs
Objectives. To characterize pharmacy/MBA professionals during their entry-level and current positions and to describe their attitudes and perceptions toward their combined degree. Methods. A cross-sectional survey of University at Buffalo (UB) alumni who obtained both pharmacy and MBA degrees was used. An electronic survey was developed through collaboration with the UB School of Management and administered in winter 2015. Results. A total of 68/115 (59% response rate) pharmacy/MBA professionals responded to the survey...
May 2017: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630258/realization-of-entry-to-practice-milestones-by-canadians-who-studied-medicine-abroad-and-other-international-medical-graduates-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#5
Maria Mathews, Rima Kandar, Steve Slade, Yanqing Yi, Sue Beardall, Ivy Bourgeault
BACKGROUND: International medical graduates must realize a series of milestones to obtain full licensure. We examined the realization of milestones by Canadian and non-Canadian graduates of Western or Caribbean medical schools, and Canadian and non-Canadian graduates from other medical schools. METHODS: Using the National IMG Database (data available for 2005-2011), we created 2 cohorts: 1) international medical graduates who had passed the Medical Council of Canada Qualifying Examination Part I between 2005 and 2010 and 2) those who had first entered a family medicine postgraduate program between 2005 and 2009, or had first entered a specialty postgraduate program in 2005 or 2006...
June 19, 2017: CMAJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612599/tobacco-use-prevention-for-the-young-tupy-s-development-validity-and-reliability-of-an-interactive-multimedia-strategy-from-the-adolescents%C3%A2-perspective-in-malaysia
#6
Faridah Mohd Zin, Azlin Hilma Hillaluddin, Jamaludin Mustaffa
Objective: This study aims to develop, validate and determine the reliability of an interactive multimedia strategy to prevent tobacco use among the young (TUPY-S) from an adolescents’ perspective. Methods: A descriptive study design was utilized. A modular instruction guideline by Russel (1974) was followed in the entire process, comprising a feasibility study, a review of existing modules, specification of the objectives, identification of the construct criterion items, learner analysis and entry behavior specification, establishment of the sequence instruction and media selection, a tryout with students and a field test...
May 1, 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612513/the-sequential-intercept-model-and-juvenile-justice-review-and-prospectus
#7
Kirk Heilbrun, Naomi E S Goldstein, David DeMatteo, Rebecca Newsham, Elizabeth Gale-Bentz, Lindsay Cole, Shelby Arnold
Behavioral health needs in justice-involved adolescents are an increasing concern, as it has been estimated that two-thirds of youths in the juvenile justice system now meet the criteria for one or more psychological disorders. This article describes the application of the Sequential Intercept Model (SIM), developed to describe five "points of interception" from standard prosecution into rehabilitation-oriented alternatives for adults (Munetz & Griffin, 2006), to juvenile justice. The five SIM intercepts are: (1) first contact with law enforcement or emergency services; (2) initial hearings and detention following arrest; (3) jails and courts (including problem-solving courts); (4) re-entry from jails, prisons and forensic hospitals; and (5) community corrections and community support, including probation and parole...
June 14, 2017: Behavioral Sciences & the Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611712/executive-function-buffers-the-association-between-early-math-and-later-academic-skills
#8
Andrew D Ribner, Michael T Willoughby, Clancy B Blair
Extensive evidence has suggested that early academic skills are a robust indicator of later academic achievement; however, there is mixed evidence of the effectiveness of intervention on academic skills in early years to improve later outcomes. As such, it is clear there are other contributing factors to the development of academic skills. The present study tests the role of executive function (EF) (a construct made up of skills complicit in the achievement of goal-directed tasks) in predicting 5th grade math and reading ability above and beyond math and reading ability prior to school entry, and net of other cognitive covariates including processing speed, vocabulary, and IQ...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606371/stability-of-developmental-problems-after-school-entry-of-moderately-late-preterm-and-early-preterm-born-children
#9
Jorijn Hornman, Andrea F de Winter, Jorien M Kerstjens, Arend F Bos, Sijmen A Reijneveld
OBJECTIVE: To assess the stability of developmental problems in moderately-late preterm-born children compared with early preterm and full term-born children before school entry at age 4 years and 1 year after school entry at age 5 years. STUDY DESIGN: We included 376 early preterm, 688 born moderately-late preterm, and 403 full term-born children from the Longitudinal Preterm Outcome Project (LOLLIPOP) cohort study. Developmental problems were assessed by the total score and the 5 domain scores of the Ages and Stages Questionnaire at ages 4 (ASQ-4) and 5 (ASQ-5)...
June 9, 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28572179/examining-summer-laboratory-research-apprenticeships-for-high-school-students-as-a-factor-in-entry-to-md-phd-programs-at-matriculation
#10
Robert H Tai, Xiaoqing Kong, Claire E Mitchell, Katherine P Dabney, Daniel M Read, Donna B Jeffe, Dorothy A Andriole, Heather D Wathington
Do summer laboratory research apprenticeships during high school have an impact on entry into MD/PhD programs? Apart from the nearly decade-long span of time between high school and matriculation into an MD/PhD program, young people have many life-shaping experiences that presumably impact their education and career trajectories. This quantitative study (n = 236,432) examines the connection between early laboratory research apprenticeship experiences at the high school level and matriculation into one of the more rigorous educational programs for scientific research training...
2017: CBE Life Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28558500/influencing-college-and-higher-education-choices-in-disadvantaged-hispanic-high-school-students-through-a-school-based-health-club
#11
Harsimran Singh, Maria Matza, Christine Latham
INTRODUCTION: Statistics representing professional health care providers do not adequately reflect the shift in the nation's diverse population. Latinos are significantly underrepresented at all levels of appropriate academic programs critical for entry to health profession careers. This project describes the implementation of a student-run, faculty-facilitated Future Nurse and Health Club at a school (with majority Latino students) to emphasize the importance of higher education in health care...
June 2017: Hispanic Health Care International: the Official Journal of the National Association of Hispanic Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28556861/osteopathic-medical-students-entering-family-medicine-and-attitudes-regarding-osteopathic-manipulative-treatment-preliminary-findings-of-differences-by-sex
#12
Helen H Baker, Machelle Linsenmeyer, Lance C Ridpath, Laurie J Bauer, Robert W Foster
Context: Factors distinguishing osteopathic physicians from their allopathic counterparts include the use of osteopathic manipulative treatment (OMT), application of osteopathic principles and practice (OPP), and a greater likelihood of entering primary care, specifically family medicine (FM). In the United States, the percentage of entering osteopathic medical students who were female rose from 14.3% in fall 1977 to 44.3% in fall 2015. Objectives: To investigate the perspectives of female osteopathic medical students as they relate to osteopathic distinctiveness...
June 1, 2017: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546785/on-religious-and-secular-exemptions-a-case-study-of-childhood-vaccination-waivers
#13
Roland Pierik
This paper analyses exemptions to general law through the prism of vaccine waivers in the United States. All US states legally require the vaccination of children prior to school or daycare entry; however, this obligation is accompanied with a system of medical, religious, and/or philosophical exemptions. Nonmedical exemptions became subject of discussion after the 2015 Disneyland measles outbreak in California, which unequivocally brought to light what had been brewing below the surface for a while: a slow but steady decline in vaccination rates in Western societies, resulting in the reoccurrence of measles outbreaks...
April 2017: Ethnicities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546591/the-healthcare-system-and-the-provision-of-oral-healthcare-in-european-union-member-states-part-8-italy
#14
M Bindi, C Paganelli, K A Eaton, E Widström
In Italy healthcare is provided for all Italian citizens and residents and it is delivered mainly by public providers, with some private or private-public entities. Italy's public healthcare system - the Servizio Sanitario Nazionale (SSN) - is organised by the Ministry of Health and administered on a devolved regional basis. It is financed by general taxation that provides universal coverage, largely free of charge at the point of service. The central government establishes the basic national health benefits package, which must be uniformly provided throughout the country, through services guaranteed under the NHS provision called LEA - (Livelli Essenziali di Assistenza [Essential Level of Assistance]) and allocates national funds to the regions...
May 26, 2017: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537792/dental-caries-and-weight-among-children-in-nuuk-greenland-at-school-entry
#15
Signe Sloth Madsen, Vicky Jenny Rebecka Wetterstrand, Michael Lynge Pedersen
OBJECTIVE: To explore the possible association between weight class and prevalence of caries among children born 2005-2007, living in Nuuk, Greenland, at time of school entry. DESIGN: A cross-sectional register study based on data from electronic medical records(EMR) and oral health data from public health and dental care facilities. METHODS: Data from routine examinations of children at time of primary school entry, including height and weight, were obtained from the EMRs...
2017: International Journal of Circumpolar Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526974/the-health-equity-scholars-program-innovation-in-the-leaky-pipeline
#16
Carole C Upshur, Diedra M Wrighting, Gonzalo Bacigalupe, Joan Becker, Laura Hayman, Barbara Lewis, Sylvia Mignon, Megan E Rokop, Elizabeth Sweet, Marie Idali Torres, Paul Watanabe, Cedric Woods
Despite attempts to increase enrollment of under-represented minorities (URMs: primarily Black/African American, Hispanic/Latino, and Native American students) in health professional programs, limited progress has been made. Compelling reasons to rectify this situation include equity for URMs, better prepared health professionals when programs are diverse, better quality and access to health care for UMR populations, and the need for diverse talent to tackle difficult questions in health science and health care delivery...
May 19, 2017: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497503/establishing-australian-school-re-entry-service-guidelines-for-children-diagnosed-with-cancer
#17
Alistair Lum, Barb Donnan, Claire E Wakefield, Joanna E Fardell, Glenn M Marshall
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 12, 2017: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493509/linking-public-health-nursing-competencies-and-service-learning-in-a-global-setting
#18
Cynthia L Brown
BACKGROUND: Nurse educators in baccalaureate programs are charged with addressing student competence in public health nursing practice. These educators are also responsible for creating nursing student opportunities for civic engagement and development of critical thinking skills. The IOM report (2010) on the Future of Nursing emphasizes the nurse educator's role in promoting collaborative partnerships that incorporate interdisciplinary and intraprofessional efforts to promote health...
May 11, 2017: Public Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489500/does-one-year-of-schooling-improve-children-s-cognitive-control-and-alter-associated-brain-activation
#19
Garvin Brod, Silvia A Bunge, Yee Lee Shing
The "5-to-7-year shift" refers to the remarkable improvements observed in children's cognitive abilities during this age range, particularly in their ability to exert control over their attention and behavior-that is, their executive functioning. As this shift coincides with school entry, the extent to which it is driven by brain maturation or by exposure to formal schooling is unclear. In this longitudinal study, we followed 5-year-olds born close to the official cutoff date for entry into first grade and compared those who subsequently entered first grade that year with those who remained in kindergarten, which is more play oriented...
May 1, 2017: Psychological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28451556/sensitivity-and-specificity-of-preschool-vision-screening-in-iran
#20
Hassan Hashemi, Abbasali Yekta, Ebrahim Jafarzadehpur, Hadi Ostadimoghaddam, Amir Asharlous, Payam Nabovati, Mehdi Khabazkhoob
BACKGROUND: To determine the sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value (PPV), and negative predictive value (NPV) of the National Vision Screening Program for 7 yr old children in Iran. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, eight cities in Iran were selected through multistage cluster sampling. Selected cities were Sari, Birjand, Ardabil, Mashhad, Bandar Abbas, Dezful, Yazd, and Arak, in Iran in 2013. Totally, 4614 schoolchildren were selected, 4106 of which participated in the study...
February 2017: Iranian Journal of Public Health
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