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self-management, diabetes, primary care

Christopher C Asuzu, Rebekah J Walker, Joni Strom Williams, Leonard E Egede
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to examine the mechanism by which depressive symptoms, diabetes distress, and diabetes fatalism together influence diabetes outcomes using structured equation modeling. METHODS: 615 adults with type 2 diabetes were recruited from two primary care clinics in the southeastern United States. Psychosocial factors found to be associated with diabetes outcomes were measured using validated questionnaires. Structured equation modeling (SEM) was used to investigate the relationship between diabetes fatalism, depressive symptoms, diabetes distress, self-care and glycemic control...
September 30, 2016: Journal of Diabetes and its Complications
James F Graumlich, Huaping Wang, Anna Madison, Michael S Wolf, Darren Kaiser, Kumud Dahal, Daniel G Morrow
Among patients with various levels of health literacy, the effects of collaborative, patient-provider, medication-planning tools on outcomes relevant to self-management are uncertain. Objective. Among adult patients with type II diabetes mellitus, we tested the effectiveness of a medication-planning tool (Medtable™) implemented via an electronic medical record to improve patients' medication knowledge, adherence, and glycemic control compared to usual care. Design. A multicenter, randomized controlled trial in outpatient primary care clinics...
2016: Journal of Diabetes Research
Fatema Jawad, Sanjay Kalra
This article encapsulates pragmatic advice that is necessary to ensure safe travel for people with diabetes. Written in simple words, it empowers the primary care physician to answer questions that are frequently asked by patients planning travel. It includes discussion on insulin dose adjustment, self monitoring, foot care and sick day management.
October 2016: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
Jun Yang Lee, Carina Ka Yee Chan, Siew Siang Chua, Chirk Jenn Ng, Thomas Paraidathathu, Kenneth Kwing-Chin Lee, Shaun Wen Huey Lee
BACKGROUND: The high market penetration of mobile phones has triggered an opportunity to combine mobile technology with health care to overcome challenges in today's health care setting. Although Malaysia has a high Internet and mobile penetration rate, evaluations of the efficacy of incorporating this technology in diabetes care is not common. We report the development of a telemonitoring coaching system, using the United Kingdom (UK) Medical Research Council (MRC) framework, for patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus...
September 29, 2016: BMC Health Services Research
Aditi Lohan, Amy E Mitchell, Ania Filus, Kate Sofronoff, Alina Morawska
BACKGROUND: Type 1 diabetes is a serious, life-long condition which causes major health, social and economic burden for children, their families and the community. Diabetes management involves strict adherence to a complex regimen, and poor management and non-adherence are a persistent problem among children. Parent-child interactions and parenting have been identified as crucial points of intervention to support children's health and emotional well-being, yet few parenting interventions have been developed or evaluated for parents of young children...
2016: BMC Pediatrics
Kornelia Kotseva, Dirk De Bacquer, Guy De Backer, Lars Rydén, Catriona Jennings, Viveca Gyberg, Ana Abreu, Carlos Aguiar, Almudena C Conde, Kairat Davletov, Mirza Dilic, Maryna Dolzhenko, Dan Gaita, Borislav Georgiev, Nina Gotcheva, Nebojsa Lalic, Aleksandras Laucevicius, Dragan Lovic, Silvia Mancas, Davor Miličić, Raphael Oganov, Andrzej Pajak, Nana Pogosova, Željko Reiner, Dusko Vulic, David Wood, On Behalf Of The Euroaspire Investigators
BACKGROUND: European Action on Secondary and Primary Prevention by Intervention to Reduce Events (EUROASPIRE) IV in primary care was a cross-sectional survey carried out by the European Society of Cardiology, EURObservational Research Programme in 2014-2015 in 71 centres from 14 European countries. The main objective was to determine whether the 2012 Joint European Societies' guidelines on cardiovascular disease (CVD) prevention in people at high CVD risk have been followed in clinical practice...
September 16, 2016: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
Miguel Nasser Hissa
BACKGROUND: Diabetes mellitus (DM) is considered a global epidemic, and patient self-management education and support are critical in preventing and reducing the risk of complications. Self-monitoring of blood glucose (SMBG) is essential for care of individuals with DM, helping patients to achieve and maintain target blood glucose levels. The purpose of this study is to compare the satisfaction of insulinized DM patients on SMBG with use of investigational blood glucose meter (BGM) versus their routine device...
2016: Diabetology & Metabolic Syndrome
Mohammed Alotaibi, Lamia Alibrahim, Nouf Alharbi
BACKGROUND: Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus (T1DM) patients among the children have been increasing rapidly in the recent years in Saudi Arabia, as a result there is a need for extensive research in this area. Various suggestions were kept forward including m-health technologies, telemedicine etc. However, very little research has been conducted in understanding the T1DM among the children, measures being taken to control, and the feasible policies and procedures that could be adopted for managing T1DM among child population...
October 2016: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
Casey L O'Brien, Chantal F Ski, David R Thompson, Gaye Moore, Serafino Mancuso, Alicia Jenkins, Glenn Ward, Richard J MacIsaac, Margaret Loh, Simon R Knowles, Susan L Rossell, David J Castle
BACKGROUND: After a diagnosis of diabetes mellitus, people not only have to cope with the physical aspects and common complications that require daily self-management, they are also faced with ongoing psychosocial challenges. Subsequently they find themselves having to navigate the health system to engage multidisciplinary supports; the combination of these factors often resulting in reduced health-related quality of life. To maintain optimal diabetes control, interventions need to incorporate psychosocial supports and a skill base for disease management...
2016: Trials
Jitske Tiemensma, Erin Gaab, Maarten Voorhaar, Guus Asijee, Adrian A Kaptein
BACKGROUND: A key goal of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) care is to improve patients' quality of life (QoL). For outcomes such as QoL, illness perceptions and coping are important determinants. AIM: The primary aim was to assess the associations between illness perceptions, coping and QoL in COPD patients. A secondary aim was to compare illness perceptions and coping of patients with reference values derived from the literature. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 100 patients were included in the study...
2016: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
Anneke van Dijk-de Vries, Marloes A van Bokhoven, Sabine de Jong, Job F M Metsemakers, Peter F M Verhaak, Trudy van der Weijden, Jacques Th M van Eijk
BACKGROUND: Patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus face several emotional and social consequences of their chronic illness in their everyday life. Symptoms of distress and depression are prevalent. For providing psychosocial self-management support, nurses in primary care were trained to identify patients with psychosocial problems during routine medically-shaped diabetes consultations. However, detection rates appeared to be strikingly low. OBJECTIVES: Our study aimed to examine patients' readiness to discuss psychosocial problems with nurses during diabetes consultations...
November 2016: International Journal of Nursing Studies
M A Riddell, J A Dunbar, P Absetz, R Wolfe, H Li, M Brand, Z Aziz, B Oldenburg
BACKGROUND: The 2013 Global Burden of Disease Study demonstrated the increasing burden of diabetes and the challenge it poses to the health systems of all countries. The chronic and complex nature of diabetes requires active self-management by patients in addition to clinical management in order to achieve optimal glycaemic control and appropriate use of available clinical services. This study is an evaluation of a "real world" peer support program aimed at improving the control and management of type 2 diabetes (T2DM) in Australia...
2016: BMC Public Health
Vida Samiei, Sharifa Ezat Wan Puteh, Mohd Rizal Abdul Manaf, Khalib Abdul Latip, Aniza Ismail
BACKGROUND: The idea of launching an internet-based self-management program for patients with diabetes led us to do a cross-sectional study to find out about the willingness, interest, equipment, and level of usage of computer and internet in a medium- to low-social class area and to find the feasibility of using e-telemonitoring systems for these patients. METHODS: A total of 180 patients with type 2 diabetes participated in this study and fulfilled the self-administered questionnaire in Diabetes Clinic of Primary Medical Center of University Kebangsaan Malaysia Medical Centre; the response rate was 84%...
March 2016: Malaysian Journal of Medical Sciences: MJMS
Shivani Goyal, Gary Lewis, Catherine Yu, Michael Rotondi, Emily Seto, Joseph A Cafazzo
BACKGROUND: Patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) struggle with the management of their condition due to difficulty relating lifestyle behaviors with glycemic control. While self-monitoring of blood glucose (SMBG) has proven to be effective for those treated with insulin, it has been shown to be less beneficial for those only treated with oral medications or lifestyle modification. We hypothesized that the effective self-management of non-insulin treated T2DM requires a behavioral intervention that empowers patients with the ability to self-monitor, understand the impact of lifestyle behaviors on glycemic control, and adjust their self-care based on contextualized SMBG data...
2016: JMIR Research Protocols
S Al Shamsi, A Al Dhanhani, M M Sheek-Hussein, O Bakoush
OBJECTIVES: The prevalence of chronic kidney disease (CKD) in developing countries has increased dramatically. This study aimed to explore the practice patterns of non-dialysis-dependent CKD care in an affluent developing country. SETTINGS: Primary and specialised healthcare facilities of public and private sectors in the United Arab Emirates. PARTICIPANTS: 159 non-nephrologist physicians practising in the United Arab Emirates. INTERVENTIONS: A 28-item online self-administered questionnaire based on CKD clinical practice guidelines...
2016: BMJ Open
Maureen E Chomko, Peggy S Odegard, Alison B Evert
PURPOSE: The purpose of this continuous quality improvement project was to improve access to diabetes self-management education (DSME) and to evaluate the impact on glycemic and weight control by translating an academic medical center's DSME program, accredited per the Education Recognition Program (ERP) of the American Diabetes Association, into a program offered at primary care clinics (PCCs). METHODS: Certified diabetes educators from the medical center trained PCC registered dietitian nutritionists, registered nurses, and social workers to provide DSME in their community-based clinic...
October 2016: Diabetes Educator
Antonio Olry de Labry Lima, Clara Bermúdez Tamayo, Guadalupe Pastor Moreno, Julia Bolívar Muñoz, Isabel Ruiz Pérez, Mira Johri, Fermín Quesada Jiménez, Pilar Cruz Vela, Ana M de Los Ríos Álvarez, Miguel Ángel Prados Quel, Enrique Moratalla López, Susana Domínguez Martín, José Andrés Lopez de Hierro, Ignacio Ricci Cabello
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether an intervention based on patient-practitioner communication is more effective than usual care in improving diabetes self-management in patients with type 2 diabetes with low educational level. METHODS: 12-month, pragmatic cluster randomised controlled trial. Nine physicians and 184 patients registered at two practices in a deprived area of Granada (Andalusia, Spain) participated in the study. Adult patients with type 2 diabetes, low educational level and glycated haemoglobin (HbA1c) > 7% (53...
July 28, 2016: Gaceta Sanitaria
Alison O Booth, Carole Lowis, Steven J Hunter, Moira Dean, Chris R Cardwell, Michelle C McKinley
Aim. The purpose of this study was to develop and evaluate a computer-based, dietary, and physical activity self-management program for people recently diagnosed with type 2 diabetes. Methods. The computer-based program was developed in conjunction with the target group and evaluated in a 12-week randomised controlled trial (RCT). Participants were randomised to the intervention (computer-program) or control group (usual care). Primary outcomes were diabetes knowledge and goal setting (ADKnowl questionnaire, Diabetes Obstacles Questionnaire (DOQ)) measured at baseline and week 12...
2016: Journal of Diabetes Research
Martine W J Huygens, Joan Vermeulen, Ilse C S Swinkels, Roland D Friele, Onno C P van Schayck, Luc P de Witte
BACKGROUND: Self-management is considered as an essential component of chronic care by primary care professionals. eHealth is expected to play an important role in supporting patients in their self-management. For effective implementation of eHealth it is important to investigate patients' expectations and needs regarding self-management and eHealth. The objectives of this study are to investigate expectations and needs of people with a chronic condition regarding self-management and eHealth for self-management purposes, their willingness to use eHealth, and possible differences between patient groups regarding these topics...
2016: BMC Health Services Research
Andrea S Wallace, Yelena Perkhounkova, Andrew L Sussman, Maria Hein, Sophia Jihey Chung, Toni Tripp-Reimer
Collaborative goal setting (CGS) is a cornerstone of diabetes self-management support, but little is known about its feasibility and effectiveness during routine care. The aim of this study was to evaluate the implementation of an existing CGS intervention when integrated by primary care staff. Using a mixed-methods approach guided by the RE-AIM framework, intervention adoption, implementation, reach, and effectiveness were evaluated over 12 months. Three of four sites adopted the CGS intervention, in which 521 patients with type 2 diabetes (9-29 % of those targeted) received CGS...
June 2016: Translational Behavioral Medicine
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