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Transactional analysis

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855319/caring-for-disabled-older-adults-with-musculoskeletal-conditions-a-transactional-model-of-caregiver-burden-coping-strategies-and-depressive-symptoms
#1
Nan Lu, Jinyu Liu, Fei Wang, Vivian W Q Lou
OBJECTIVES: This study investigated the mediating role of coping strategies in the relationship between caregiver burden and depressive symptoms among family caregivers caring for disabled older adults with musculoskeletal (MSK) conditions. METHODS: The cross-sectional data were from a quota sampling of 494 pairs of disabled older adults and their primary family caregivers in Shanghai, China. The disabled older adults had MSK conditions and limitations in activities of daily living...
November 4, 2016: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27844451/information-regulation-and-coordination-realist-analysis-of-the-efforts-of-community-health-committees-to-limit-informal-health-care-providers-in-nigeria
#2
Seye Abimbola, Kemi Ogunsina, Augustina N Charles-Okoli, Joel Negin, Alexandra L Martiniuk, Stephen Jan
One of the consequences of ineffective governments is that they leave space for unlicensed and unregulated informal providers without formal training to deliver a large proportion of health services. Without institutions that facilitate appropriate health care transactions, patients tend to navigate health care markets from one inappropriate provider to another, receiving sub-optimal care, before they find appropriate providers; all the while incurring personal transaction costs. But the top-down interventions to address this barrier to accessing care are hampered by weak governments, as informal providers are entrenched in communities...
December 2016: Health Economics Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843128/the-impact-of-crunchy-wednesdays-on-happy-meal-fruit-orders-analysis-of-sales-data-in-france-2009-2013
#3
Adam Drewnowski, Serge Michels, Diane Leroy
OBJECTIVE: Beginning in September, 2010, all McDonald's restaurants in France offered free fruit with every Happy Meal sold on the first Wednesday of the month. Sales data were used to determine the impact of free fruit promotion on the proportion of regular Happy Meal fruit desserts sold. METHODS: Trend analyses examined the proportion of fruit desserts for 2009-2013. Analyses also compared fruit orders on Crunchy Wednesdays with other weekdays. RESULTS: Happy Meal fruit desserts rose from 14...
November 11, 2016: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27822269/the-effect-of-group-therapy-with-transactional-analysis-approach-on-emotional-intelligence-executive-functions-and-drug-dependency
#4
Masoomeh Forghani, Bahram Ali Ghanbari Hashem Abadi
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effect of group psychotherapy with transactional analysis (TA) approach on emotional intelligence (EI), executive functions and substance dependency among drug-addicts at rehabilitation centers in Mashhad city, Iran, in 2013. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In this quasi-experimental study with pretest, posttest, case- control stages, 30 patients were selected from a rehabilitation center and randomly divided into two groups...
June 2016: Iranian Journal of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27809960/transactional-sex-and-risk-for-hiv-infection-in-sub-saharan-africa-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#5
REVIEW
Joyce Wamoyi, Kirsten Stobeanau, Natalia Bobrova, Tanya Abramsky, Charlotte Watts
INTRODUCTION: Young women aged 15 to 24 years in sub-Saharan Africa continue to be disproportionately affected by HIV. A growing number of studies have suggested that the practice of transactional sex may in part explain women's heightened risk, but evidence on the association between transactional sex and HIV has not yet been synthesized. We set out to systematically review studies that assess the relationship between transactional sex and HIV among men and women in sub-Saharan Africa and to summarize the findings through a meta-analysis...
2016: Journal of the International AIDS Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27804134/the-effect-of-governance-mechanisms-on-food-safety-in-the-supply-chain-evidence-from-the-lebanese-dairy-sector
#6
Gumataw K Abebe, Ali Chalak, Mohamad G Abiad
BACKGROUND: Food safety is a key public health issue worldwide. This study aims to characterise existing governance mechanisms - governance structures (GSs) and food safety management systems (FSMSs) - and analyse the alignment thereof in detecting food safety hazards, based on empirical evidence from Lebanon. RESULTS: Firm-to-firm and public baseline are the dominant FSMSs applied in a large-scale, while chain-wide FSMSs are observed only in a small-scale. Most transactions involving farmers are relational and market-based in contrast to (large-scale) processors, which opt for hierarchical GSs...
November 1, 2016: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27793793/the-impact-of-the-internet-on-health-consultation-market-concentration-an-econometric-analysis-of-secondary-data
#7
Jia Li, Ya Zhang, Ling Ma, Xuan Liu
BACKGROUND: Many markets have traditionally been dominated by a few best-selling products, and this is also the case for the health care industry. However, we do not know whether the market will be more or less concentrated when health care services are delivered online (known as E-consultation), nor do we know how to reduce the concentration of the E-consultation market. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the concentration of the E-consultation market and how to reduce its concentration through information disclosure mechanisms (online reputation and self-representation)...
October 28, 2016: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27790291/how-do-public-values-influence-individual-health-behaviour-an-empirical-normative-analysis-of-young-men-s-discourse-regarding-hiv-testing-practices
#8
Rod Knight, Will Small, Jean Shoveller
Philosophical arguments stemming from the public health ethics arena suggest that public health interventions ought to be subject to normative inquiry that considers relational values, including concepts such as solidarity, reciprocity and health equity. As yet, however, the extent to which 'public' values influence the 'autonomous' decisions of the public remains largely unexplored. Drawing on interviews with 50 men in Vancouver, Canada, this study employs a critical discourse analysis to examine participants' decisions and motivations to voluntarily access HIV testing and/or to accept a routine HIV test offer...
November 2016: Public Health Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27790168/profiles-of-psychological-well-being-and-coping-strategies-among-university-students
#9
Carlos Freire, María Del Mar Ferradás, Antonio Valle, José C Núñez, Guillermo Vallejo
In the transactional model of stress, coping responses are the key to preventing the stress response. In this study, the possible role of psychological well-being as a personal determinant of coping strategies in the academic context was analyzed. Specifically, the study has two objectives: (a) to identify different profiles of students according to their level of psychological well-being; and (b) to analyze the differences between these profiles in the use of three coping strategies (positive reappraisal, support-seeking, and planning)...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27780116/-we-re-giving-you-something-so-we-get-something-in-return-perspectives-on-research-participation-and-compensation-among-people-living-with-hiv-who-use-drugs
#10
Alexandra B Collins, Carol Strike, Adrian Guta, Rosalind Baltzer Turje, Patrick McDougall, Surita Parashar, Ryan McNeil
BACKGROUND: Compensation for participating in research has been a fundamental element of the research apparatus despite concerns about its impact on incentivising participation. Researchers and research ethics boards acknowledge that compensation may prompt structurally vulnerable populations, such as people who use drugs (PWUD), to engage in research primarily out of financial need. Thus, institutional restrictions around compensation have been implemented. This study explores the ethical implications of compensation practices aimed at 'protecting' structurally vulnerable people living with HIV (PLHIV) who use drugs within the context of individuals' lived realities...
October 22, 2016: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27758829/not-an-iron-pipeline-but-many-capillaries-regulating-passive-transactions-in-los-angeles-secondary-illegal-gun-market
#11
Kelsie Y Chesnut, Melissa Barragan, Jason Gravel, Natalie A Pifer, Keramet Reiter, Nicole Sherman, George E Tita
OBJECTIVES: California has strict firearm-related laws and is exceptional in its regulation of firearms retailers. Though evidence suggests that these laws can reduce illegal access to guns, high levels of gun violence persist in Los Angeles (LA), California. This research seeks to describe the sources of guns accessed by active offenders in LA, California and reports offenders' motivations for obtaining guns. SETTING: Los Angeles County Jail (LACJ) system (four facilities)...
October 6, 2016: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27753428/-why-would-i-want-to-go-out-age-related-vision-loss-and-social-participation
#12
Debbie Laliberte Rudman, Deborah Gold, Colleen McGrath, Biljana Zuvela, Marlee M Spafford, Rebecca Renwick
Social participation, a key determinant of healthy aging, is often negatively impacted by age-related vision loss (ARVL). This grounded theory study aimed to understand social participation as a process negotiated in everyday life by older adults with ARVL. Interviews, audio diaries, and life space maps were used to collect data with 21 older adults in two Ontario cities. Inductive data analysis resulted in a transactional model of the process of negotiating social participation in context. This model depicts how environmental features and resources, skills and abilities, and risks and vulnerabilities transacted with values and priorities to affect if and how social participation occurred within the context of daily life...
October 18, 2016: Canadian Journal on Aging, la Revue Canadienne du Vieillissement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27751787/scientific-profile-of-brain-computer-interfaces-bibliometric-analysis-in-a-10-year-period
#13
Kejia Hu, Chao Chen, Qingyao Meng, Ziv Williams, Wendong Xu
BACKGROUND: With the tremendous advances in the field of brain-computer interfaces (BCI), the literature in this field has grown exponentially; examination of highly cited articles is a tool that can help identify outstanding scientific studies and landmark papers. This study examined the characteristics of 100 highly cited BCI papers over the past 10 years. METHODS: The Web of Science was searched for highly cited papers related to BCI research published from 2006 to 2015...
December 2, 2016: Neuroscience Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27742391/-early-restrictive-feeding-disorders-quantitative-assessment-of-parent-infant-feeding-interactions
#14
A Bion, T Cascales, S Dubedout, N Bodeau, J P Olives, J P Raynaud
INTRODUCTION: Interest in the study of early feeding disorders (FD) has steadily increased during recent decades. During this period, research described the importance of the transactional relationships and the complex interplay between caregiver and child over time. On the basis of the previous studies, our study tried to explore the associations between the characteristics of the parents and the temperamental characteristics of the infants with early FD. GOALS: A first aim of the present study was to show if parental perception of child temperament (including ability for arousal self-regulation) and parental characteristics (emotional and eating attitudes) are associated with early FD...
October 11, 2016: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27733832/silymarin-ameliorates-metabolic-dysfunction-associated-with-diet-induced-obesity-via-activation-of-farnesyl-x-receptor
#15
Ming Gu, Ping Zhao, Jinwen Huang, Yuanyuan Zhao, Yahui Wang, Yin Li, Yifei Li, Shengjie Fan, Yue-Ming Ma, Qingchun Tong, Li Yang, Guang Ji, Cheng Huang
Background and purpose: Silymarin, a standardized extract of the milk thistle seeds, has been widely used to treat chronic hepatitis, cirrhosis, and other types of toxic liver damage. Despite increasing studies on the action of silymarin and its major active constituent, silybin in their therapeutic properties against insulin resistance, diabetes and hyperlipidaemia in vitro and in vivo, the mechanism underlying silymarin action remains unclear. Experimental approach: C57BL/6 mice were fed high-fat diet (HFD) for 3 months to induce obesity, insulin resistance, hyperlipidaemia, and fatty liver...
2016: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27733452/mapping-the-evolving-ideas-of-occupational-justice-a-critical-analysis
#16
Jyothi Gupta
The values of occupational therapy are grounded in justice, and its origins in activism and advocacy. Enabling individuals to participate in meaningful occupations to enhance health and well-being was the genesis of the profession that answered a call to justice. Occupational science brought focus to understand humans as occupational beings and made justice more visible in the discourse. A systematic mapping review was undertaken to deconstruct how notions of occupational justice (OJ) have been woven in the literature...
October 12, 2016: OTJR: Occupation, Participation and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27729518/expert-game-experiment-predicts-emergence-of-trust-in-professional-communication-networks
#17
Kristian Moss Bendtsen, Florian Uekermann, Jan O Haerter
Strong social capital is increasingly recognized as an organizational advantage. Better knowledge sharing and reduced transaction costs increase work efficiency. To mimic the formation of the associated communication network, we propose the Expert Game, where each individual must find a specific expert and receive her help. Participants act in an impersonal environment and under time constraints that provide short-term incentives for noncooperative behavior. Despite these constraints, we observe cooperation between individuals and the self-organization of a sustained trust network, which facilitates efficient communication channels with increased information flow...
October 25, 2016: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27692276/emotional-availability-at-bedtime-infant-temperament-and-infant-sleep-development-from-one-to-six-months
#18
Ni Jian, Douglas M Teti
Infant sleep consolidates rapidly during the first half year of life in the context of a dynamic, bidirectional exchange between infant characteristics and the caregiving environment. The current study examined the relationship between mothers' emotional availability (EA) at bedtime and infant temperament, and objectively assessing infant sleep development from one to six months, particularly focus on whether infant temperament moderated linkages between EA at bedtime and infant sleep development. The sample consisted of 72 mother-infant dyads, and the measures included actigraphy-assessed infant sleep at one and six months, observed maternal EA coded from bedtime videos at 3 and 6 months, and maternal reports of infant temperament at three and six months...
July 2016: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27651172/sliding-clamp-of-dna-polymerase-iii-as-a-drug-target-for-tb-therapy-comprehensive-conformational-and-binding-analysis-from-molecular-dynamic-simulations
#19
Kgothatso E Machaba, Favorite N Cele, Ndumiso N Mhlongo, Mahmoud E S Soliman
Tuberculosis, caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis, is one of the most common causes of death in the world. Mycobacterium tuberculosis -sliding clamp is a protein essential for many important DNA transactions including replication and DNA repair proteins, thus, a potential drug target for tuberculosis. Further investigation is needed in understanding DNA polymerase sliding clamp structure, especially from a computational perspective. In this study, we employ a wide-range of comparative molecular dynamic analyses on two systems: Mycobacterium tuberculosis - sliding clamp enzyme in its apo and bound form...
September 20, 2016: Cell Biochemistry and Biophysics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27624860/pharmacy-and-primary-care-perspectives-on-e-prescribing-in-a-rural-community-a-focused-ethnography
#20
Sarah Kooienga, Reshmi L Singh
BACKGROUND: Electronic prescribing (ERx) is the ability for prescriber to send a digital prescription directly to a pharmacist through a dedicated secure network. A number of federally funded incentives such as the health information technology for economic and clinical health (HITECH) and Meaningful Use standards have led to ERx implementation. ERx is an integral part of primary care practice and today most community pharmacies are enabled to accept e-prescriptions. Little is known about the experience of rural pharmacists, primary care providers and patients regarding e-prescribing...
August 25, 2016: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
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