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Transactional analysis

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167585/prospectus-towards-the-development-of-high-fidelity-models-of-wall-turbulence-at-large-reynolds-number
#1
J C Klewicki, G P Chini, J F Gibson
Recent and on-going advances in mathematical methods and analysis techniques, coupled with the experimental and computational capacity to capture detailed flow structure at increasingly large Reynolds numbers, afford an unprecedented opportunity to develop realistic models of high Reynolds number turbulent wall-flow dynamics. A distinctive attribute of this new generation of models is their grounding in the Navier-Stokes equations. By adhering to this challenging constraint, high-fidelity models ultimately can be developed that not only predict flow properties at high Reynolds numbers, but that possess a mathematical structure that faithfully captures the underlying flow physics...
March 13, 2017: Philosophical Transactions. Series A, Mathematical, Physical, and Engineering Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28155031/-i-got-it-off-my-chest-an-examination-of-how-research-participation-improved-the-mental-health-of-women-engaging-in-transactional-sex
#2
Marisa Felsher, Sarah E Wiehe, Jayleen K L Gunn, Alexis M Roth
Ecologic momentary assessment (EMA) is a form of close-ended diary writing. While it has been shown that participating in a study that incorporates EMA improves mental health of participants, no study to date has examined the pathways through which benefits may occur. For 4-weeks, twice-daily EMAs and weekly interviews captured mood, daily activities and HIV risk behavior of 25 women who engage in transactional sex. Qualitative analysis of exit interviews was performed to examine how participation impacted women's mental health...
February 2, 2017: Community Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152754/eleven-year-experience-with-a-web-based-medication-occurrence-mo-reporting-tool-in-a-community-oncology-practice
#3
Tae W Jang, Jim R Schwartz
: 53 Background: At ASCO 2007, we presented 2 year experience with a web-based Medication Occurrence (MO) reporting tool. We now report the 11 year experience in a single outpatient oncology practice. METHODS: Since December 2003, Texas Oncology (TxO) sites have entered information on Medication Occurrence (MO) reports in an electronic Variance Reporting tool. The pharmacy management team generates reports monthly for the Texas Oncology Quality Oversight Committee and each site Quality Committee for analysis and follow-up action...
March 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144681/electronic-sentinel-surveillance-of-influenza-like-illness-experience-from-a-pilot-study-in-new-zealand
#4
Mehnaz Adnan, Donald Peterkin, Liza Lopez, Graham Mackereth
BACKGROUND: Electronic reporting of Influenza-like illness (eILI) from primary care was implemented and evaluated in three general medical practices in New Zealand during May to September 2015. OBJECTIVE: To measure the uptake of eILI and to identify the system's strength and limitations. METHODS: Analysis of transactional data from the eILI system; comparative study of influenza-like illness cases reported using manual methods and eILI; questionnaire administered to clinical and operational stakeholders...
February 1, 2017: Applied Clinical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28140660/the-sexual-health-of-transgender-men-a-scoping-review
#5
Rob Stephenson, Erin Riley, Erin Rogers, Nicolas Suarez, Nick Metheny, Jonathan Senda, Kate M Saylor, José A Bauermeister
There is a general paucity of research concerning the sexual health of transgender individuals, and most existing research focuses on transgender women. A scoping review concerning the sexual health of transgender men was conducted to identify gaps in the literature and to highlight opportunities for future research and intervention. A comprehensive search of seven databases was conducted. The Joanna Briggs Institute Reviewers' Manual was used as a framework. Some 7,485 articles were initially identified using a search strategy applied to seven online databases: 54 articles were identified as relevant to the research questions and reviewed in detail; of those, 33 were included in the final analysis...
January 31, 2017: Journal of Sex Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28125656/trends-of-the-world-input-and-output-network-of-global-trade
#6
Rita María Del Río-Chanona, Jelena Grujić, Henrik Jeldtoft Jensen
The international trade naturally maps onto a complex networks. Theoretical analysis of this network gives valuable insights about the global economic system. Although different economic data sets have been investigated from the network perspective, little attention has been paid to its dynamical behaviour. Here we take the World Input Output Data set, which has values of the annual transactions between 40 different countries of 35 different sectors for the period of 15 years, and infer the time interdependence between countries and sectors...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28124195/the-form-of-causation-in-health-disease-and-intervention-biopsychosocial-dispositionalism-conserved-quantity-transfers-and-dualist-mechanistic-chains
#7
David W Evans, Nicholas Lucas, Roger Kerry
Causation is important when considering: how an organism maintains health; why disease arises in a healthy person; and, how one may intervene to change the course of a disease. This paper explores the form of causative relationships in health, disease and intervention, with particular regard to the pathological and biopsychosocial models. Consistent with the philosophical view of dispositionalism, we believe that objects are the fundamental relata of causation. By accepting the broad scope of the biopsychosocial model, we argue that psychological and social constructs be considered objects...
January 25, 2017: Medicine, Health Care, and Philosophy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28124161/child-regulative-temperament-as-a-mediator-of-parenting-in-the-development-of-depressive-symptoms-a-longitudinal-study-from-early-childhood-to-preadolescence
#8
Martina Pitzer, Guenter Esser, Martin H Schmidt, Erika Hohm, Tobias Banaschewski, Manfred Laucht
Child temperament as well as parenting behaviors have been linked to adolescent depression. Beyond their main effects, the interplay between these factors is of interest. For example, in an interactive model, a differential susceptibility of temperamental variants to parenting has been suggested. However, so far, the differential susceptibility hypothesis has mostly been studied with a focus on externalizing disorders. On the other hand, parenting may shape the child's temperament and vice versa in a transactional process...
January 25, 2017: Journal of Neural Transmission
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28120552/quantification-of-missing-prescriptions-in-commercial-claims-databases-results-of-a-cohort-study
#9
Maria Soledad Cepeda, Daniel Fife, Michel Denarié, Dan Bradford, Stephanie Roy, Yingli Yuan
PURPOSE: This study aims to quantify the magnitude of missed dispensings in commercial claims databases. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study has been used linking PharMetrics, a commercial claims database, to a prescription database (LRx) that captures pharmacy dispensings independently of payment method, including cash transactions. We included adults with dispensings for opioids, diuretics, antiplatelet medications, or anticoagulants. To determine the degree of capture of dispensings, we calculated the number of subjects with the following: (1) same number of dispensings in both databases; (2) at least one dispensing, but not all dispensings, missed in PharMetrics; and (3) all dispensings missing in PharMetrics...
January 25, 2017: Pharmacoepidemiology and Drug Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28113260/minimum-entropy-rate-simplification-of-stochastic-processes
#10
Gustav Eje Henter, W Bastiaan Kleijn
This document contains supplemental material for the IEEE Transactions on Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence article "Minimum Entropy Rate Simplification of Stochastic Processes." The supplement is divided into three appen- dices: the first on MERS for Gaussian processes, and the remaining two on, respectively, the theory and the experimental results of MERS for Markov chains.
February 23, 2016: IEEE Transactions on Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28113232/commentary-on-the-integration-of-model-sharing-and-reproducibility-analysis-to-scholarly-publishing-workflow-in-computational-biomechanics
#11
Ahmet Erdemir, Trent M Guess, Jason Halloran, Luca Modenese, Jeffrey A Reinbolt, Darryl G Thelen, Brian R Umberger
OBJECTIVE: The overall goal of this document is to demonstrate that dissemination of models and analyses for assessing the reproducibility of simulation results can be incorporated in the scientific review process in biomechanics. METHODS: As part of a special issue on model sharing and reproducibility in IEEE Transactions on Biomedical Engineering, two manuscripts on computational biomechanics were submitted: A. Rajagopal et al., IEEE Trans. Biomed. Eng., 2016 and A...
August 24, 2016: IEEE Transactions on Bio-medical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110864/sexual-behavior-among-orphaned-adolescents-in-western-kenya-a-comparison-of-institutional-and-family-based-care-settings
#12
Lonnie Embleton, Joram Nyandat, David Ayuku, Edwin Sang, Allan Kamanda, Samuel Ayaya, Winstone Nyandiko, Peter Gisore, Rachel Vreeman, Lukoye Atwoli, Omar Galarraga, Mary A Ott, Paula Braitstein
PURPOSE: This study sought to assess whether risky sexual behaviors and sexual exploitation of orphaned adolescents differed between family-based and institutional care environments in Uasin Gishu County, Kenya. METHODS: We analyzed baseline data from a cohort of orphaned adolescents aged 10-18 years living in 300 randomly selected households and 19 charitable children's institutions. The primary outcomes were having ever had consensual sex, number of sex partners, transactional sex, and forced sex...
January 16, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105067/current-state-and-future-prospects-for-psychosomatic-medicine-in-japan
#13
REVIEW
Masato Murakami, Yoshihide Nakai
In this article, we describe the history and current state of psychosomatic medicine (PSM) in Japan and propose measures that could be considered based on our view of the future prospects of PSM in Japan. The Japanese Society of PSM (JSPM) was established in 1959, and the first Department of Psychosomatic Internal Medicine in Japan was established at Kyushu University In 1963. PSM in Japan has shown a prominent, unique development, with 3,300 members (as of March 2016), comprised of 71.6% of medical doctors including psychosomatic internal medicine (PIM) specialists, general internists, psychiatrists, pediatricians, obstetricians and gynecologists, dentists, dermatologists, and others...
2017: BioPsychoSocial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078495/economic-context-and-hiv-vulnerability-in-adolescents-and-young-adults-living-in-urban-slums-in-kenya-a-qualitative-analysis-based-on-scarcity-theory
#14
Larissa Jennings, Muthoni Mathai, Sebastian Linnemayr, Antonio Trujillo, Margaret Mak'anyengo, Brooke E E Montgomery, Deanna L Kerrigan
Urban slum adolescents and young adults have disproportionately high rates of HIV compared to rural and non-slum urban youth. Yet, few studies have examined youth's perceptions of the economic drivers of HIV. Informed by traditional and behavioral economics, we applied a scarcity theoretical framework to qualitatively examine how poverty influences sexual risk behaviors among adolescents and young adults. Focus group discussions with one hundred twenty youth in Kenyan's urban slums were transcribed, coded, and analyzed using interpretive phenomenology...
January 11, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073934/the-influence-of-customer-medicine-seller-transactional-dynamics-on-childhood-diarrhoea-management-a-qualitative-study-in-ghana
#15
Lauren Rosapep, Emily Sanders, Kathryn Banke
In 2004, the World Health Organization (WHO) and United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) jointly revised the recommended treatment for acute paediatric diarrhoea to specify supplementing reduced osmolarity oral rehydration salts (ORS) with zinc. In many countries, however, a significant knowledge-practice gap persists in appropriate diarrhoea management among private healthcare providers. For example, the United States Agency for International Development (USAID)-funded Strengthening Health Outcomes through the Private Sector (SHOPS) project recently demonstrated that over-the-counter medicine sellers (MS) in Ghana recommended inappropriate diarrhoea treatments, despite their demonstrated knowledge of appropriate treatment protocols...
January 10, 2017: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072567/commentary-on-the-integration-of-model-sharing-and-reproducibility-analysis-to-scholarly-publishing-workflow-in-computational-biomechanics
#16
Ahmet Erdemir, Trent M Guess, Jason P Halloran, Luca Modenese, Jeffrey A Reinbolt, Darryl G Thelen, Brian R Umberger, Ahmet Erdemir, Trent M Guess, Jason P Halloran, Luca Modenese, Jeffrey A Reinbolt, Darryl G Thelen, Brian R Umberger, Brian R Umberger, Ahmet Erdemir, Darryl G Thelen, Trent M Guess, Jeffrey A Reinbolt, Luca Modenese, Jason P Halloran
OBJECTIVE: The overall goal of this paper is to demonstrate that dissemination of models and analyses for assessing the reproducibility of simulation results can be incorporated in the scientific review process in biomechanics. METHODS: As part of a special issue on model sharing and reproducibility in the IEEE Transactions on Biomedical Engineering, two manuscripts on computational biomechanics were submitted: Rajagopal et al., IEEE Trans. Biomed. Eng., 2016 and Schmitz and Piovesan, IEEE Trans...
October 2016: IEEE Transactions on Bio-medical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069886/living-with-dementia-a-meta-synthesis-of-qualitative-research-on-the-lived-experience
#17
REVIEW
Sylwia Górska, Kirsty Forsyth, Donald Maciver
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: To identify and examine the published qualitative research evidence relative to the experience of living with dementia. DESIGN AND METHODS: Metasynthesis was used as the methodological framework to guide data collection and analysis. RESULTS: Three themes were identified. The first theme considered the main condition-related changes experienced by people with dementia (PWD) and showed how these are interlinked and impact upon various areas of people's lives...
January 9, 2017: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069885/qualitative-geospatial-methods-of-exploring-person-place-transactions-in-aging-adults-a-scoping-review
#18
REVIEW
Carri Hand, Suzanne Huot, Debbie Laliberte Rudman, Sachindri Wijekoon
PURPOSE: Research exploring how places shape and interact with the lives of aging adults must be grounded in the places where aging adults live and participate. Combined participatory geospatial and qualitative methods have the potential to illuminate the complex processes enacted between person and place to create much-needed knowledge in this area. The purpose of this scoping review was to identify methods that can be used to study person-place relationships among aging adults and their neighborhoods by determining the extent and nature of research with aging adults that combines qualitative methods with participatory geospatial methods...
January 9, 2017: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049520/perceptions-and-experiences-of-using-a-nipple-shield-among-parents-and-staff-an-ethnographic-study-in-neonatal-units
#19
Renée Flacking, Fiona Dykes
BACKGROUND: Preterm infants have an immature sucking behavior and the capacity to be exclusively breastfed may be reduced for a period of weeks or months, depending on gestational age. Nipple shields have been used, not only as a device to help mothers with sore nipples, but also to facilitate the infant's latch on to the breast. However, the benefits of using nipple shields have been debated. The aim of this study was to explore perceptions and experiences of using a nipple shield among parents and staff in neonatal units in Sweden and England...
January 3, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28046075/an-improved-and-secure-anonymous-biometric-based-user-authentication-with-key-agreement-scheme-for-the-integrated-epr-information-system
#20
Jaewook Jung, Dongwoo Kang, Donghoon Lee, Dongho Won
Nowadays, many hospitals and medical institutes employ an authentication protocol within electronic patient records (EPR) services in order to provide protected electronic transactions in e-medicine systems. In order to establish efficient and robust health care services, numerous studies have been carried out on authentication protocols. Recently, Li et al. proposed a user authenticated key agreement scheme according to EPR information systems, arguing that their scheme is able to resist various types of attacks and preserve diverse security properties...
2017: PloS One
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