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Transactional analysis

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078495/economic-context-and-hiv-vulnerability-in-adolescents-and-young-adults-living-in-urban-slums-in-kenya-a-qualitative-analysis-based-on-scarcity-theory
#1
Larissa Jennings, Muthoni Mathai, Sebastian Linnemayr, Antonio Trujillo, Margaret Mak'anyengo, Brooke E E Montgomery, Deanna L Kerrigan
Urban slum adolescents and young adults have disproportionately high rates of HIV compared to rural and non-slum urban youth. Yet, few studies have examined youth's perceptions of the economic drivers of HIV. Informed by traditional and behavioral economics, we applied a scarcity theoretical framework to qualitatively examine how poverty influences sexual risk behaviors among adolescents and young adults. Focus group discussions with one hundred twenty youth in Kenyan's urban slums were transcribed, coded, and analyzed using interpretive phenomenology...
January 11, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073934/the-influence-of-customer-medicine-seller-transactional-dynamics-on-childhood-diarrhoea-management-a-qualitative-study-in-ghana
#2
Lauren Rosapep, Emily Sanders, Kathryn Banke
In 2004, the World Health Organization (WHO) and United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) jointly revised the recommended treatment for acute paediatric diarrhoea to specify supplementing reduced osmolarity oral rehydration salts (ORS) with zinc. In many countries, however, a significant knowledge-practice gap persists in appropriate diarrhoea management among private healthcare providers. For example, the United States Agency for International Development (USAID)-funded Strengthening Health Outcomes through the Private Sector (SHOPS) project recently demonstrated that over-the-counter medicine sellers (MS) in Ghana recommended inappropriate diarrhoea treatments, despite their demonstrated knowledge of appropriate treatment protocols...
January 10, 2017: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072567/commentary-on-the-integration-of-model-sharing-and-reproducibility-analysis-to-scholarly-publishing-workflow-in-computational-biomechanics
#3
Ahmet Erdemir, Trent M Guess, Jason P Halloran, Luca Modenese, Jeffrey A Reinbolt, Darryl G Thelen, Brian R Umberger, Ahmet Erdemir, Trent M Guess, Jason P Halloran, Luca Modenese, Jeffrey A Reinbolt, Darryl G Thelen, Brian R Umberger, Brian R Umberger, Ahmet Erdemir, Darryl G Thelen, Trent M Guess, Jeffrey A Reinbolt, Luca Modenese, Jason P Halloran
OBJECTIVE: The overall goal of this paper is to demonstrate that dissemination of models and analyses for assessing the reproducibility of simulation results can be incorporated in the scientific review process in biomechanics. METHODS: As part of a special issue on model sharing and reproducibility in the IEEE Transactions on Biomedical Engineering, two manuscripts on computational biomechanics were submitted: Rajagopal et al., IEEE Trans. Biomed. Eng., 2016 and Schmitz and Piovesan, IEEE Trans...
October 2016: IEEE Transactions on Bio-medical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069886/living-with-dementia-a-meta-synthesis-of-qualitative-research-on-the-lived-experience
#4
REVIEW
Sylwia Górska, Kirsty Forsyth, Donald Maciver
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: To identify and examine the published qualitative research evidence relative to the experience of living with dementia. DESIGN AND METHODS: Metasynthesis was used as the methodological framework to guide data collection and analysis. RESULTS: Three themes were identified. The first theme considered the main condition-related changes experienced by people with dementia (PWD) and showed how these are interlinked and impact upon various areas of people's lives...
January 9, 2017: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069885/qualitative-geospatial-methods-of-exploring-person-place-transactions-in-aging-adults-a-scoping-review
#5
REVIEW
Carri Hand, Suzanne Huot, Debbie Laliberte Rudman, Sachindri Wijekoon
PURPOSE: Research exploring how places shape and interact with the lives of aging adults must be grounded in the places where aging adults live and participate. Combined participatory geospatial and qualitative methods have the potential to illuminate the complex processes enacted between person and place to create much-needed knowledge in this area. The purpose of this scoping review was to identify methods that can be used to study person-place relationships among aging adults and their neighborhoods by determining the extent and nature of research with aging adults that combines qualitative methods with participatory geospatial methods...
January 9, 2017: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049520/perceptions-and-experiences-of-using-a-nipple-shield-among-parents-and-staff-an-ethnographic-study-in-neonatal-units
#6
Renée Flacking, Fiona Dykes
BACKGROUND: Preterm infants have an immature sucking behavior and the capacity to be exclusively breastfed may be reduced for a period of weeks or months, depending on gestational age. Nipple shields have been used, not only as a device to help mothers with sore nipples, but also to facilitate the infant's latch on to the breast. However, the benefits of using nipple shields have been debated. The aim of this study was to explore perceptions and experiences of using a nipple shield among parents and staff in neonatal units in Sweden and England...
January 3, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28046075/an-improved-and-secure-anonymous-biometric-based-user-authentication-with-key-agreement-scheme-for-the-integrated-epr-information-system
#7
Jaewook Jung, Dongwoo Kang, Donghoon Lee, Dongho Won
Nowadays, many hospitals and medical institutes employ an authentication protocol within electronic patient records (EPR) services in order to provide protected electronic transactions in e-medicine systems. In order to establish efficient and robust health care services, numerous studies have been carried out on authentication protocols. Recently, Li et al. proposed a user authenticated key agreement scheme according to EPR information systems, arguing that their scheme is able to resist various types of attacks and preserve diverse security properties...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28044309/improving-histopathology-laboratory-productivity-process-consultancy-and-a3-problem-solving
#8
Kutsal Yörükoğlu, Erdener Özer, Birsen Alptekin, Cem Öcal
OBJECTIVE: The ISO 17020 quality program has been run in our pathology laboratory for four years to establish an action plan for correction and prevention of identified errors. In this study, we aimed to evaluate the errors that we could not identify through ISO 17020 and/or solve by means of process consulting. Process consulting is carefully intervening in a group or team to help it to accomplish its goals. MATERIAL AND METHOD: The A3 problem solving process was run under the leadership of a 'workflow, IT and consultancy manager'...
2017: Türk Patoloji Dergisi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027812/new-psychoactive-substances-nps-on-cryptomarket-fora-an-exploratory-study-of-characteristics-of-forum-activity-between-nps-buyers-and-vendors
#9
Marie Claire Van Hout, Evelyn Hearne
BACKGROUND: The continual diversification of new psychoactive substances (NPS) circumventing legislation creates a public health and law enforcement challenge, and one particularly challenged by availability on Hidden Web cryptomarkets. METHODS: This is the first study of its kind which aimed to explore and characterise cryptomarket forum members' views and perspectives on NPS vendors and products within the context of Hidden Web community dynamics. An internal site search was conducted on two cryptomarkets popular with NPS vendors and hosting fora; Alphabay and Valhalla, using the search terms of 40 popular NPS in the seven categories of stimulant/cathinone; GABA activating; hallucinogen, dissociative, cannabinoid, opioid and other/unspecified/uncategorised NPS...
December 24, 2016: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27995444/e-government-attempts-in-small-island-developing-states-the-rate-of-corruption-with-virtualization
#10
REVIEW
Arif Sari
In recent years, many Small Island Developing State (SIDS) governments have worked to increase openness and transparency of their transactions as a means to enhance efficiency and reduce corruption in their economies. In order to achieve a cost-effective and efficient strategy to implement a transparent government, Information Communication Technologies offer an opportunity of virtualization by deploying e-government services to promote transparency, accountability and consistency in the public sector and to minimize corruption...
December 19, 2016: Science and Engineering Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27995023/exploring-key-factors-in-online-shopping-with-a-hybrid-model
#11
Hsiao-Ming Chen, Chia-Huei Wu, Sang-Bing Tsai, Jian Yu, Jiangtao Wang, Yuxiang Zheng
INTRODUCTION: Nowadays, the web increasingly influences retail sales. An in-depth analysis of consumer decision-making in the context of e-business has become an important issue for internet vendors. However, factors affecting e-business are complicated and intertwined. CASE DESCRIPTION: To stimulate online sales, understanding key influential factors and causal relationships among the factors is important. To gain more insights into this issue, this paper introduces a hybrid method, which combines the Decision Making Trial and Evaluation Laboratory (DEMATEL) with the analytic network process, called DANP method, to find out the driving factors that influence the online business mostly...
2016: SpringerPlus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27991914/the-spliceosome-u2-snrnp-factors-promote-genome-stability-through-distinct-mechanisms-transcription-of-repair-factors-and-r-loop-processing
#12
M Tanikawa, K Sanjiv, T Helleday, P Herr, O Mortusewicz
Recent whole-exome sequencing of malignancies have detected recurrent somatic mutations in U2 small nuclear ribonucleoprotein complex (snRNP) components of the spliceosome. These factors have also been identified as novel players in the DNA-damage response (DDR) in several genome-wide screens and proteomic analysis. Although accumulating evidence implies that the spliceosome has an important role in genome stability and is an emerging hallmark of cancer, its precise role in DNA repair still remains elusive...
December 19, 2016: Oncogenesis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27974571/socioeconomic-correlations-and-stratification-in-social-communication-networks
#13
Yannick Leo, Eric Fleury, J Ignacio Alvarez-Hamelin, Carlos Sarraute, Márton Karsai
The uneven distribution of wealth and individual economic capacities are among the main forces, which shape modern societies and arguably bias the emerging social structures. However, the study of correlations between the social network and economic status of individuals is difficult due to the lack of large-scale multimodal data disclosing both the social ties and economic indicators of the same population. Here, we close this gap through the analysis of coupled datasets recording the mobile phone communications and bank transaction history of one million anonymized individuals living in a Latin American country...
December 2016: Journal of the Royal Society, Interface
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27968824/relationships-between-physicians-psychological-contract-and-job-satisfaction-intention-to-leave-medical-practice-and-professionalism-a-cross-sectional-survey-in-china
#14
Zhou Ping, Shi Jian-Wei, Zhang Yu, Bai Fei, Wei Xue-Feng, Xue Di
BACKGROUND: Physician motivation to maintain public welfare has become the key for the New Public Hospital Reform in China. This study aimed to apply a different perspective, the psychological contract (a popular concept in business management research) and explore the correlations between physicians' psychological contract and their job satisfaction, intention to leave medical practice, and professionalism. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was conducted using a stratified sampling method in Shanghai, Hubei, and Gansu in China from June 10 to October 30, 2013...
October 2016: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855319/caring-for-disabled-older-adults-with-musculoskeletal-conditions-a-transactional-model-of-caregiver-burden-coping-strategies-and-depressive-symptoms
#15
Nan Lu, Jinyu Liu, Fei Wang, Vivian W Q Lou
OBJECTIVES: This study investigated the mediating role of coping strategies in the relationship between caregiver burden and depressive symptoms among family caregivers caring for disabled older adults with musculoskeletal (MSK) conditions. METHODS: The cross-sectional data were from a quota sampling of 494 pairs of disabled older adults and their primary family caregivers in Shanghai, China. The disabled older adults had MSK conditions and limitations in activities of daily living...
March 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27844451/information-regulation-and-coordination-realist-analysis-of-the-efforts-of-community-health-committees-to-limit-informal-health-care-providers-in-nigeria
#16
Seye Abimbola, Kemi Ogunsina, Augustina N Charles-Okoli, Joel Negin, Alexandra L Martiniuk, Stephen Jan
One of the consequences of ineffective governments is that they leave space for unlicensed and unregulated informal providers without formal training to deliver a large proportion of health services. Without institutions that facilitate appropriate health care transactions, patients tend to navigate health care markets from one inappropriate provider to another, receiving sub-optimal care, before they find appropriate providers; all the while incurring personal transaction costs. But the top-down interventions to address this barrier to accessing care are hampered by weak governments, as informal providers are entrenched in communities...
December 2016: Health Economics Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843128/the-impact-of-crunchy-wednesdays-on-happy-meal-fruit-orders-analysis-of-sales-data-in-france-2009-2013
#17
Adam Drewnowski, Serge Michels, Diane Leroy
OBJECTIVE: Beginning in September, 2010, all McDonald's restaurants in France offered free fruit with every Happy Meal sold on the first Wednesday of the month. Sales data were used to determine the impact of free fruit promotion on the proportion of regular Happy Meal fruit desserts sold. METHODS: Trend analyses examined the proportion of fruit desserts for 2009-2013. Analyses also compared fruit orders on Crunchy Wednesdays with other weekdays. RESULTS: Happy Meal fruit desserts rose from 14...
November 11, 2016: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27822269/the-effect-of-group-therapy-with-transactional-analysis-approach-on-emotional-intelligence-executive-functions-and-drug-dependency
#18
Masoomeh Forghani, Bahram Ali Ghanbari Hashem Abadi
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effect of group psychotherapy with transactional analysis (TA) approach on emotional intelligence (EI), executive functions and substance dependency among drug-addicts at rehabilitation centers in Mashhad city, Iran, in 2013. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In this quasi-experimental study with pretest, posttest, case- control stages, 30 patients were selected from a rehabilitation center and randomly divided into two groups...
June 2016: Iranian Journal of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27809960/transactional-sex-and-risk-for-hiv-infection-in-sub-saharan-africa-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#19
REVIEW
Joyce Wamoyi, Kirsten Stobeanau, Natalia Bobrova, Tanya Abramsky, Charlotte Watts
INTRODUCTION: Young women aged 15 to 24 years in sub-Saharan Africa continue to be disproportionately affected by HIV. A growing number of studies have suggested that the practice of transactional sex may in part explain women's heightened risk, but evidence on the association between transactional sex and HIV has not yet been synthesized. We set out to systematically review studies that assess the relationship between transactional sex and HIV among men and women in sub-Saharan Africa and to summarize the findings through a meta-analysis...
2016: Journal of the International AIDS Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27804134/the-effect-of-governance-mechanisms-on-food-safety-in-the-supply-chain-evidence-from-the-lebanese-dairy-sector
#20
Gumataw K Abebe, Ali Chalak, Mohamad G Abiad
BACKGROUND: Food safety is a key public health issue worldwide. This study aims to characterise existing governance mechanisms - governance structures (GSs) and food safety management systems (FSMSs) - and analyse the alignment thereof in detecting food safety hazards, based on empirical evidence from Lebanon. RESULTS: Firm-to-firm and public baseline are the dominant FSMSs applied in a large-scale, while chain-wide FSMSs are observed only in a small-scale. Most transactions involving farmers are relational and market-based in contrast to (large-scale) processors, which opt for hierarchical GSs...
November 1, 2016: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
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