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Transactional analysis

Pankush Kalgotra, Ramesh Sharda
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Because examining correlated (vs. individual) brain activity is a superior method for locating neural correlates of a stimulus, using a network approach for analyzing brain activity is gaining interest. In this study, we propose and illustrate the use of association rule mining (ARM) to analyze brain regions that are activated simultaneously. ARM is commonly used in marketing and other disciplines to help determine items that might be purchased together. We apply this technique toward identifying correlated brain regions that may respond simultaneously to specific stimuli...
August 2018: Computer Methods and Programs in Biomedicine
Olorunfemi Adebisi Onakoya, Chinonye Love Moses, Maxwell Ayodele Olokundun, Uchechukwu Emena Okorie, Fatai Alani Lawal
This study presents a data-set on the influence of managerial incentives on bank performance in selected Deposit Money Banks (DMB) in Nigeria. The use of managerial incentives to align interests of the principal and agent is advocated by agency theorists, but the peculiarity of the banking industry in terms of the role of regulation, capital structure, opacity and complexity of its transactions among others presents a different proposition in corporate governance research. The data collected over a longitudinal period between 2006 and 2016, provide information on specific managerial incentives and financial performance measures...
August 2018: Data in Brief
James Martin, Jack Cunliffe, David Décary-Hétu, Judith Aldridge
OBJECTIVE: To examine the effect on the trade in opioids through online illicit markets ("cryptomarkets") of the US Drug Enforcement Administration's ruling in 2014 to reschedule hydrocodone combination products. DESIGN: Interrupted time series analysis. SETTING: 31 of the world's largest cryptomarkets operating from October 2013 to July 2016. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: The proportion of total transactions, advertised and active listings for prescription opioids, prescription sedatives, prescription steroids, prescription stimulants, and illicit opioids, and the composition of the prescription opioid market between the US and elsewhere...
June 13, 2018: BMJ: British Medical Journal
Deborah Padfield, Helen Omand, Elena Semino, Amanda C de C Williams, Joanna M Zakrzewska
The challenge for those treating or witnessing pain is to find a way of crossing the chasm of meaning between them and the person living with pain. This paper proposes that images can strengthen agency in the person with pain, particularly but not only in the clinical setting, and can create a shared space within which to negotiate meaning. It draws on multidisciplinary analyses of unique material resulting from two fine art/medical collaborations in London, UK, in which the invisible experience of pain was made visible in the form of co-created photographic images, which were then made available to other patients as a resource to use in specialist consultations...
June 12, 2018: Medical Humanities
Xu Ye, Ting Pan, Dang Wang, Liurong Fang, Jun Ma, Xinyu Zhu, Yanling Shi, Keshan Zhang, Haixue Zheng, Huanchun Chen, Kui Li, Shaobo Xiao
Foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) is a highly contagious, severe viral illness notifiable to the World Organization for Animal Health. The causative agent, FMD virus (FMDV), replicates rapidly and efficiently inhibits host translation and the innate immune response for it has developed multiple tactics to evade host defenses and takes over gene expression machinery in the host cell. Here, we report a systemic analysis of the proteome and phosphoproteome of FMDV-infected cells. Bioinformatics analysis suggested that FMDV infection shuts off host cap-dependent translation, but leaves intact internal ribosome entry site (IRES)-mediated translation for viral proteins...
2018: Frontiers in Immunology
Syed Jamal Shah, Zhang Li, Salim Khan, Syed Asad Ali Shah, Dilawar Khan Durrani, Liaqat Ali, Bandana Das
This study demonstrates how field employees' perceived threat of terrorism (PTT) is magnified by the incompatibility between role demand (travel and work outdoors) and resource (terrorism endangered environment). With a foundation in the conservation of resource perspective and transactional theory of stress, a theoretical framework was proposed to test the mediating effect of role ambiguity (RA) and role conflict (RC) in the relationship between PTT and emotional exhaustion (EE). An approach involving confirmatory factor analysis and the structural equation was used for analysis...
June 8, 2018: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics: JOSE
Kristen N Griggs, Olya Ossipova, Christopher P Kohlios, Alessandro N Baccarini, Emily A Howson, Thaier Hayajneh
As Internet of Things (IoT) devices and other remote patient monitoring systems increase in popularity, security concerns about the transfer and logging of data transactions arise. In order to handle the protected health information (PHI) generated by these devices, we propose utilizing blockchain-based smart contracts to facilitate secure analysis and management of medical sensors. Using a private blockchain based on the Ethereum protocol, we created a system where the sensors communicate with a smart device that calls smart contracts and writes records of all events on the blockchain...
June 6, 2018: Journal of Medical Systems
Betsey Ramirez, Tzu-An Chen, Carolyn E Moore, Jayna M Dave, Karen Weber Cullen
School environments influence student food choices. À la carte foods and beverages are often low nutrient and energy dense. This study assessed how much money students spent for these foods, and the total kilocalories purchased per student during the 2012-2013 school year. Six elementary and four intermediate schools in the Houston area provided daily food purchase transaction data, and the cost and the calories for each item. Chi-square analysis assessed differences in the number of students purchasing à la carte items by grade level and school free/reduced-price meal (FRP) eligibility...
June 2018: Preventive Medicine Reports
Viktor Burlaka, Yi Jin Kim, Jandel M Crutchfield, Teresa A Lefmann, Emma S Kay
Objective: To (a) estimate the level of child internalizing problems in a sample of Ukrainian school-age children and (b) examine the relationships between child internalizing psychopathology and parenting practices, depression, alcohol use, and sociodemographics. Background: Most research on child internalizing behaviors has used samples from high-income countries, but there is a lack of information about children's behaviors and associated risk and protective factors from low- and middle-income countries such as Ukraine...
December 2017: Family Relations
Sandra D Starke, Chris Baber
User interface (UI) design can affect the quality of decision making, where decisions based on digitally presented content are commonly informed by visually sampling information through eye movements. Analysis of the resulting scan patterns - the order in which people visually attend to different regions of interest (ROIs) - gives an insight into information foraging strategies. In this study, we quantified scan pattern characteristics for participants engaging with conceptually different user interface designs...
July 2018: Applied Ergonomics
Nikki M Turner, Jayden MacRae, Mary L Nowlan, Lynn McBain, Maria H Stubbe, Anthony Dowell
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the incidence of primary care presentations for herpes zoster (zoster) in a representative New Zealand population and to evaluate the utilisation of primary healthcare services following zoster diagnosis. DESIGN: A cross-sectional retrospective cohort study used a natural language processing software inference algorithm to identify general practice consultations for zoster by interrogating 22 million electronic medical record (EMR) transactions routinely recorded from January 2005 to December 2015...
May 31, 2018: BMJ Open
Kęstutis Baltakys, Juho Kanniainen, Frank Emmert-Streib
Multilayer networks are attracting growing attention in many fields, including finance. In this paper, we develop a new tractable procedure for multilayer aggregation based on statistical validation, which we apply to investor networks. Moreover, we propose two other improvements to their analysis: transaction bootstrapping and investor categorization. The aggregation procedure can be used to integrate security-wise and time-wise information about investor trading networks, but it is not limited to finance...
May 29, 2018: Scientific Reports
Catherine G Russell, Alan Russell
There has been increasing concern expressed about children's food intakes and dietary patterns. These are closely linked to children's appetitive traits (such as disinhibited eating and food fussiness/neophobia). Research has examined both biological and psychosocial correlates or predictors of these traits. There has been less focus on possible processes or mechanisms associated with children's development of these traits and research that links biological and psychosocial factors. There is an absence of research that links biological and psychosocial factors...
May 29, 2018: Nutrients
Meghna Ranganathan, Lori Heise, Catherine MacPhail, Heidi Stöckl, Richard J Silverwood, Kathleen Kahn, Amanda Selin, F Xavier Gómez-Olivé, Charlotte Watts, Audrey Pettifor
BACKGROUND: 'Transactional sex', defined as a non-marital, non-commercial sexual relationship in which money or material goods are exchanged for sex, is associated with young women's increased vulnerability to HIV infection. Existing research illustrates that the motivations for transactional sex are complex. The fulfilment of psycho-social needs such as the need to belong to a peer group are important factors underlying young women's desires to obtain certain consumption items and thus engage in transactional sex...
May 29, 2018: Reproductive Health
John K Marshall, Louis Bessette, Neil H Shear, Gerald Lebovic, Jennifer Glass, Brad Millson, Tania Gaetano, Sandra Gazel, Martin G Latour, Marie-Claude Laliberté, J Carter Thorne
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to quantify the association between receiving care-coach calls (CCCs), a service provided by a patient-support program (PSP) in Canada, and persistence with and adherence to adalimumab therapy over a 3-year period in patients with immune-related inflammatory diseases (IMID). METHODS: COMPANION, a longitudinal, retrospective cohort study, was conducted using patient-level data from the PSP combined with those from a longitudinal pharmacy-transaction database in patients initiating adalimumab therapy between 2010 and 2012...
May 23, 2018: Clinical Therapeutics
Leslie Wilson, Fatema A Turkistani, Wei Huang, Dang M Tran, Tracy Kuo Lin
INTRODUCTION: California's Workers' Compensation System (CAWCS) Department of Industrial Relations questioned the adequacy of the current Medi-Cal fee-schedule pricing and requested analysis of alternatives that maximize price availability and maintain budget neutrality. OBJECTIVES: To compare CAWCS pharmacy-dispensed (PD) drug prices under alternative fee schedules, and identify combinations of alternative benchmarks that have prices available for the largest percentage of PD drugs and that best reach budget neutrality...
2018: PloS One
Joseph Lopez, Georges Samaha, Taylor E Purvis, Gabriel Siegel, Javaneh Jabbari, Rizwan Ahmed, Jacqueline Milton, Anthony P Tufaro, James W May, Amir H Dorafshar
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to analyze the frequency and nature of self-reported conflict-of-interest disclosures in the plastic surgery literature and to compare these findings to the Physician Payments Sunshine Act database. METHODS: All articles published from August of 2013 through December of 2013 in four major plastic surgery journals were analyzed. For every publication, the conflict-of-interest disclosure statement for each investigator was reviewed...
June 2018: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
Derrick Ssewanyana, Patrick N Mwangala, Anneloes van Baar, Charles R Newton, Amina Abubakar
The burden of health risk behaviour (HRB) among adolescents living with HIV (ALWHIV) in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) is currently unknown. A systematic search for publications on HRB among ALWHIV in SSA was conducted in PubMed, Embase, PsycINFO, and Applied Social Sciences Index and Abstracts databases. Results were summarized following PRISMA guidelines for systematic reviews and meta-analyses. Heterogeneity was assessed by the DerSimonian and Laird method and the pooled estimates were computed. Prevalence of current condom nonuse behaviour was at 59...
2018: BioMed Research International
Guanjun Bao, Hui Fang, Lingfeng Chen, Yuehua Wan, Fang Xu, Qinghua Yang, Libin Zhang
Soft robotics is of growing interest in the robot community as well as in public media, and there is an increase in the quality and quantity of publications related to this topic. To formally elaborate this growth, we have used a bibliometric analysis to evaluate the publications in the field from 1990 to 2017 based on the Science Citation Index Expanded database. We present a detailed overview and discussion based on keywords, citation, h-index, year, journal, institution, country, author, and review articles...
May 21, 2018: Soft Robotics
Alexandra D W Sullivan, Justin Parent, Rex Forehand, Bruce E Compas
Interparental conflict, which is common among families where a parent has a history of Major Depressive Disorder, is associated with deficits in parenting. Models of family functioning propose that interparental conflict and parenting behaviors are transactional in nature. Given the interdependent nature of family systems, increases in positive parenting practices may lead to subsequent decreases in interparental conflict. The current study was a secondary analysis of data from a preventive intervention to improve parenting, child coping skills, and child behavior in families with a history of parental depression...
July 2018: Behaviour Research and Therapy
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