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Transactional analysis

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226164/short-term-outcomes-following-concussion-in-the-nfl-a-study-of-player-longevity-performance-and-financial-loss
#1
Sergio M Navarro, Olumide F Sokunbi, Heather S Haeberle, Mark S Schickendantz, Michael A Mont, Richard A Figler, Prem N Ramkumar
Background: A short-term protocol for evaluation of National Football League (NFL) athletes incurring concussion has yet to be fully defined and framed in the context of the short-term potential team and career longevity, financial risk, and performance. Purpose: To compare the short-term career outcomes for NFL players with concussions by analyzing the effect of concussions on (1) franchise release rate, (2) career length, (3) salary, and (4) performance. Study Design: Cohort study; Level of evidence, 3...
November 2017: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220204/attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-adhd-controversy-developmental-mechanisms-and-multiple-levels-of-analysis
#2
Stephen P Hinshaw
Controversy abounds regarding the symptom dimensions of attention problems, impulsivity, and hyperactivity, developmentally extreme and impairing levels of which compose the diagnostic category of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). I highlight causal factors, underlying mechanisms, developmental manifestations, and female manifestations of ADHD, integrating the psychobiological underpinnings of this syndrome with contextual factors related to its clinical presentation, impairments, and soaring increases in diagnosed prevalence...
December 8, 2017: Annual Review of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217902/magnitude-severity-and-outcome-of-traumatic-pancreatic-injury-at-a-level-i-trauma-center-in-india
#3
Amit Gupta, Subodh Kumar, Sanjay Kumar Yadav, Biplab Mishra, Maneesh Singhal, Atin Kumar, Pramod Garg
Pancreatic injury is an uncommon and frequently missed injury in abdominal trauma patients. However, missed pancreatic injury is associated with significant morbidity and mortality. This study was conducted to know the burden of pancreatic injury and its outcome in our setup. A retrospective analysis of 53 patients with pancreatic injury from January 2008 through March 2012 at the Jai Prakash Narayan Apex Trauma Center (JPNATC), All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS), New Delhi. Pancreatic injuries were present in 1...
December 2017: Indian Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217721/insights-from-australians-with-respiratory-disease-living-in-the-community-with-experience-of-self-managing-through-an-emergency-department-near-miss-for-breathlessness-a-strengths-based-qualitative-study
#4
Tim Luckett, Jane Phillips, Miriam Johnson, Maja Garcia, Priyanka Bhattarai, Virginia Carrieri-Kohlman, Anne Hutchinson, Rebecca T Disler, David Currow, Meera Agar, Serra Ivynian, Richard Chye, Phillip J Newton, Patricia M Davidson
OBJECTIVES: Breathlessness 'crises' in people with chronic respiratory conditions are a common precipitant for emergency department (ED) presentations, many of which might be avoided through improved self-management and support. This study sought insights from people with experience of ED 'near misses' where they considered going to the ED but successfully self-managed instead. DESIGN AND METHODS: A qualitative approach was used with a phenomenological orientation...
December 6, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211515/factors-associated-with-use-of-short-term-pre-exposure-prophylaxis-for-hiv-among-female-partners-of-migrant-miners-in-mozambique
#5
Joana Falcao, Allison Zerbe, Maria Lahuerta, Rachel Baggaley, Laurence Ahoua, Pietro DiMattei, Fernando Morales, Isaias Ramiro, Wafaa M El-Sadr
Effective interventions tailored to specific types of behaviors and contexts are needed for women at risk for HIV acquisition. Oral pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) is an efficacious HIV prevention intervention that uses antiretroviral drugs to reduce the risk of acquiring HIV infection. In Mozambique, HIV remains a major public health concern, with a national prevalence of 13%. Studies have demonstrated that the migration of male miners between southern provinces of Mozambique and South Africa is contributing to the HIV epidemic in Mozambique...
December 2017: AIDS Patient Care and STDs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29193546/relationship-between-high-risk-patients-receiving-prescription-opioids-and-high-volume-opioid-prescribers
#6
Hsien-Yen Chang, Irene B Murimi, Christopher M Jones, G Caleb Alexander
AIMS: (1) To characterize the amount of prescription opioids prescribed for high-risk patients by low-volume prescribers; (2) to quantify how high- and low-volume prescribers differ systematically in their prescribing patterns. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study using 2015 longitudinal, all-payer QuintilesIMS pharmacy claims. We conducted an aggregated analysis for the first aim and an individual-level analysis for the second aim. SETTING: California, Florida, Georgia, Maryland, and Washington, USA...
November 29, 2017: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29176849/association-between-non-barrier-modern-contraceptive-use-and-condomless-sex-among-hiv-positive-female-sex-workers-in-mombasa-kenya-a-prospective-cohort-analysis
#7
Diya Surie, Krista Yuhas, Kate Wilson, Linnet N Masese, Juma Shafi, John Kinuthia, Walter Jaoko, R Scott McClelland
BACKGROUND: As access to antiretroviral therapy in sub-Saharan Africa continues to expand, more women with HIV can expect to survive through their reproductive years. Modern contraceptives can help women choose the timing and spacing of childbearing. However, concerns remain that women with HIV who use non-barrier forms of modern contraception may engage in more condomless sex because of their decreased risk of unintended pregnancy. We examined whether non-barrier modern contraceptive use by HIV-positive female sex workers was associated with increased frequency of recent condomless sex, measured by detection of prostate-specific antigen (PSA) in vaginal secretions...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165809/medical-industry-at-tumor-board-three-years-analysis-of-the-open-payments-database-and-comparison-of-oncologic-specialties
#8
Amanjit S Baadh, Mikin Patel, Ketan Patel, Osman Ahmed
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: To analyze and contrast medical industry payments across U.S. oncologic providers, including hematology-oncology (HO), surgical oncology (SO), interventional radiology (IR), and radiation oncology (RO). METHODS: Open-payment-data for each provider including provider specialty, state of practice, industry payor, reason for payment, and amount was compiled for each transaction between 2013 and 2015. Total, mean, and median payment amounts per-provider were calculated for each specialty...
November 22, 2017: Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132278/gendered-childcare-norms-evidence-from-rural-swaziland-to-inform-innovative-structural-hiv-prevention-approaches-for-young-women
#9
Pinky N Shabangu, Michelle R Brear
Addressing discriminatory gender norms is a prerequisite for preventing HIV in women, including young women. However, the gendered expectation that women will perform unpaid childcare-related labour is rarely conceptualised as influencing their HIV risk. Our aim was to learn from members of a rural Swazi community about how gendered childcare norms. We performed sequential, interpretive analysis of focus group discussion and demographic survey data, generated through participatory action research. The results showed that gendered childcare norms were firmly entrenched and intertwined with discriminatory norms regarding sexual behaviour...
December 2017: African Journal of AIDS Research: AJAR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125935/going-viral-in-png-exploring-routes-and-circumstances-of-entry-of-a-rabies-infected-dog-into-papua-new-guinea
#10
Victoria J Brookes, Chris Degeling, Michael P Ward
In this qualitative study implemented in November 2016, we elicited narratives about fictional rabies incursions from key employees (n = 16) of the National Agriculture and Quarantine Inspection Authority in Papua New Guinea (PNG) to explore the potential circumstances and routes of entry of a rabies-infected dog, and direct rabies preparedness. Although PNG is rabies free, proximity to rabies-endemic Indonesia poses a risk of introduction and it is expected that an outbreak in PNG would have devastating human health impacts consistent with other countries with similarly low human development indices and abundant free-roaming dogs...
November 6, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114106/designing-and-implementation-of-a-heart-failure-telemonitoring-system
#11
Reza Safdari, Maryam Jafarpour, Mehrshad Mokhtaran, Nasim Naderi
Introduction: The aim of this study was to identify patients at-risk, enhancing self-care management of HF patients at home and reduce the disease exacerbations and readmissions. Method: In this research according to standard heart failure guidelines and Semi-structured interviews with 10 heart failure Specialists, a draft heart failure rule set for alerts and patient instructions was developed. Eventually, the clinical champion of the project vetted the rule set...
September 2017: Acta Informatica Medica: AIM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111113/understanding-the-relationship-between-brain-and-upper-limb-function-in-children-with-unilateral-motor-impairments-a-multimodal-approach
#12
Maya Weinstein, Dido Green, Julian Rudisch, Ingar M Zielinski, Marta Benthem-Muñiz, Marijtje L A Jongsma, Verity McClelland, Bert Steenbergen, Shelly Shiran, Dafna Ben Bashat, Gareth J Barker
Atypical brain development and early brain injury have profound and long lasting impact on the development, skill acquisition, and subsequent independence of a child. Heterogeneity is present at the brain level and at the motor level; particularly with respect to phenomena of bilateral activation and mirrored movements (MMs). In this multiple case study we consider the feasibility of using several modalities to explore the relationship between brain structure and/or activity and hand function: Electroencephalography (EEG), both structural and functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging (sMRI, fMRI), diffusion tensor imaging (DTI), transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS), Electromyography (EMG) and hand function assessments...
October 12, 2017: European Journal of Paediatric Neurology: EJPN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108507/-they-love-us-just-the-way-they-love-a-woman-gender-identity-power-and-transactional-sex-between-men-who-have-sex-with-men-and-transgender-women-in-timor-leste
#13
Hamish Niven, Hayden Jose, Patrick Rawstorne, Sally Nathan
There has been limited research on the experiences of men who have sex with men and transgender women in Timor-Leste. Previous research has suggested a phenomenon by which same-sex-attracted men and transgender women have sexual and intimate relationships with straight-identifying men or mane-forte. Transactional sex has also been reported to be common. This paper, which complements a larger national size estimation among key populations at risk of HIV, further investigates sexual and social identities and roles, including sexual practices, among men who have sex with men and transgender women in Timor-Leste...
November 7, 2017: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108022/risk-factors-for-hiv-infection-among-female-sex-workers-in-bangui-central-african-republic
#14
Jean De Dieu Longo, Marcel Mbeko Simaleko, Henri Saint-Calvaire Diemer, Gérard Grésenguet, Gilles Brücker, Laurent Belec
OBJECTIVE: The aims of the study were i) to categorize female sex workers (FSW) according to socio-anthropologic criteria in Bangui; ii) to examine the association between a selection of demographic and risk variables with the different categories of female sex work as outcome, and iii) to investigate factors associated with HIV status. METHODS: A cross-sectional questionnaire survey was conducted to describe the spectrum of commercial sex work in Bangui among 345 sexually active women...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29084049/preschool-children-s-coping-responses-and-outcomes-in-the-vaccination-context-child-and-caregiver-transactional-and-longitudinal-relationships
#15
Lauren Campbell, Rebecca Pillai Riddell, Robert Cribbie, Hartley Garfield, Saul Greenberg
This paper, based on two companion studies, presents an in-depth analysis of preschooler coping with vaccination pain. Study 1 employed an autoregressive cross-lagged path model to investigate the dynamic and reciprocal relationships between young children's coping responses (how they cope with pain and distress) and coping outcomes (pain behaviors) at the preschool vaccination. Expanding on this analysis, Study 2 then modeled preschool coping responses and outcomes using both caregiver and child variables from the child's 12-month vaccination (n=548), preschool vaccination (n=302), and a preschool psychological assessment (n=172)...
October 26, 2017: Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29080747/trip6-promotes-cell-proliferation-in-hepatocellular-carcinoma-via-suppression-of-foxo3a
#16
Wenhui Zhao, Yubin Dai, Ting Dai, Tian Xie, Xiaobo Su, Jing Li, Xiang Zhou, Kewei Meng, Xiaohui Zhao
Thyroid hormone receptor-interacting protein 6 (TRIP6), a member of LIM family, acts as an adaptor protein and is overexpressed in several tumor types. However, the clinical significance and biological role of TRIP6 in HCC remains unknown. In our study, we found that TRIP6 was markedly overexpressed in HCC cells and clinical specimens compared with normal hepatocytes and adjacent non-tumor tissues. Immunohistochemical and statistical analysis showed that the expression of TRIP6 significantly correlated with HCC patients' clinical stage and poor survival...
October 28, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29059656/vat-rates-on-medical-devices-foreign-experience-and-ukrainian-practice
#17
Vitalii Pashkov, Nataliia Hutorova, Andrii Harkusha
INTRODUCTION: In Ukraine differentiated VAT rates is a matter of debate. Today the Cabinet approved a list of medical products that has been changed three times resulting in changed VAT rates for specific products. European Union provides another method of regulation of VAT rates on medical devices. The abovementioned demonstrates the relevance of this study. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Comparative analysis of Ukrainian and European Union legislation based on dialectical, comparative, analytic, synthetic and comprehensive research methods were used in this article...
2017: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29058558/solution-focused-coaching-in-pediatric-rehabilitation-investigating-transformative-experiences-and-outcomes-for-families
#18
Gillian King, Heidi Schwellnus, Michelle Servais, Patricia Baldwin
AIMS: A qualitative study was conducted to investigate family experiences and outcomes of Solution-Focused Coaching in pediatric rehabilitation (SFC-peds). METHODS: Two interviews (5 months apart) were conducted with nine sets of family members who had received SFC-peds, within the past 6 months, from therapists with 3-10 years of experience using the approach. Transcripts were analyzed using thematic analysis and a phenomenological approach. RESULTS: Participants experienced a goal-oriented collaborative process, high engagement, enhanced capacity and community participation, and empowered mindsets...
October 23, 2017: Physical & Occupational Therapy in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033782/neural-correlates-of-direct-access-trading-in-a-real-stock-market-an-fmri-investigation
#19
GianMario Raggetti, Maria G Ceravolo, Lucrezia Fattobene, Cinzia Di Dio
Background: While financial decision making has been barely explored, no study has previously investigated the neural correlates of individual decisions made by professional traders involved in real stock market negotiations, using their own financial resources. Aim: We sought to detect how different brain areas are modulated by factors like age, expertise, psychological profile (speculative risk seeking or aversion) and, eventually, size and type (Buy/Sell) of stock negotiations, made through Direct Access Trading (DAT) platforms...
2017: Frontiers in Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28968797/ipromoter-2l-a-two-layer-predictor-for-identifying-promoters-and-their-types-by-multi-window-based-pseknc
#20
Bin Liu, Fan Yang, De-Shuang Huang, Kuo-Chen Chou
Motivation: Being responsible for initiating transaction of a particular gene in genome, promoter is a short region of DNA. Promoters have various types with different functions. Owing to their importance in biological process, it is highly desired to develop computational tools for timely identifying promoters and their types. Such a challenge has become particularly critical and urgent in facing the avalanche of DNA sequences discovered in the postgenomic age. Although some prediction methods were developed, they can only be used to discriminate a specific type of promoters from non-promoters...
September 14, 2017: Bioinformatics
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