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Transactional analysis

Niloofar Etemadi-Chardah, Bahman Matinpour, Rasoul Heshmati
Background: Addiction brings about severe and profound physical, psychological and social damages such as divorce, crime, and unemployment. The present study was to investigate the effectiveness of transactional analysis (TA) therapy on addiction intensity of woman patients treated with methadone. Methods: The research design was quasi-experimental with a pretest-posttest and a control group. The statistical population consisted of all the addicted women who referred to any drug rehabilitation center of Tehran, Iran, in 2016...
July 2017: Addiction & Health
Sefollah Alaei, Fatemeh Alhani, Hassan Navipour
BACKGROUND: Community-oriented nursing care is an important model of nursing care. Counseling and Nursing Care Service Centers (CNCSCs) have been providing these private services to the Iranian community for nearly two decades. Resource management, cost-benefit analysis and affordability are important steps in providing these services. The present study was conducted to explore the challenges of financial transactions between CNCSCs and their clients. METHODS: This study has a qualitative design and was conducted on a total of 30 participants, consisting of CNCSC managers, staff, physicians and clients who were selected through purposive theoretical sampling...
April 12, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
Sergio Michael Navarro, Rowland West Pettit, Heather Suzanne Haeberle, Salvatore J Frangiamore, Nadeem M Rahman, Lutul D Farrow, Mark S Schickendantz, Prem N Ramkumar
Many studies have focused on the long-term impact of concussions in professional sports, but few have investigated short-term effects. This study examines concussion effects on individual players in the National Hockey League (NHL) by assessing career length, performance, and salary. Contracts, transactions, injury reports, and performance statistics from 2008 to 2017 were obtained from the official NHL online publication. Players who sustained a concussion were compared to the 2008-2017 non-concussed player pool...
March 6, 2018: Journal of Neurotrauma
Kirti Gupta, Ankit Gupta, Afreen Haider, Saman Habib
Ribosome assembly is critical for translation and regulating the response to cellular events and requires a complex interplay of ribosomal RNA and proteins with assembly factors. We investigated putative participants in the biogenesis of the reduced organellar ribosomes of Plasmodium falciparum and identified homologues of two assembly GTPases - EngA and Obg that were found in mitochondria. Both are indispensable in bacteria and P. berghei EngA is among the 'essential' parasite blood stage proteins identified recently...
April 12, 2018: Parasitology
Jason J Rose, Mehdi Nouraie, Marc C Gauthier, Anthony F Pizon, Melissa I Saul, Michael P Donahoe, Mark T Gladwin
OBJECTIVES: Carbon monoxide poisoning affects 50,000 per year in the United States alone. Mortality is approximately 3%, and up to 40% of survivors suffer from permanent neurocognitive and affective deficits. Hyperbaric oxygen therapy has shown benefit on reducing the long-term neurologic sequelae of carbon monoxide poisoning but has not demonstrated improved survival. The objective of this study is to assess the efficacy of hyperbaric oxygen for acute and long-term mortality in carbon monoxide poisoning using a large clinical databank...
April 6, 2018: Critical Care Medicine
Carolyn W Jones, Mary R Lynn
PURPOSE: To identify stressors experienced by parents whose child is hospitalized in an intensive care unit, and identify coping mechanisms utilized to ameliorate those stressors. DESIGN AND METHODS: Using Lazarus and Folkman's Transactional Model of Stress and Coping as a framework, 20 publicly available blogs written by parents while their child was a patient in intensive care were analyzed using thematic analysis techniques. Stressors and coping techniques were identified, and grouped by theme for further analysis...
April 4, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
Lukas Norbutas
BACKGROUND: Cryptomarkets, or illegal anonymizing online platforms that facilitate drug trade, have been analyzed in a rapidly growing body of research. Previous research has found that, despite increased risks, cryptomarket sellers are often willing to ship illegal drugs internationally. There is little to no information, however, about the extent to which uncertainty and risk related to geographic constraints shapes buyers' behavior and, in turn, the structure of the global online drug trade network...
April 2, 2018: International Journal on Drug Policy
Dan Wang, Chenxi Liu, Zinan Zhang, Liping Ye, Xinping Zhang
BACKGROUND: With the impressive advantages of patient-pharmacist communication being advocated and poor pharmacist-patient communication in different settings, it is of great significance and urgency to explore the mechanism of the pharmacist-patient communicative relationship. The King's theory of goal attainment is proposed as one of the most promising models to be applied, because it takes into consideration both improving the patient-pharmacist relationship and attaining patients' health outcomes...
March 27, 2018: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
Leonidas Milios, Lena Holm Christensen, David McKinnon, Camilla Christensen, Marie Katrine Rasch, Mikael Hallstrøm Eriksen
There is low utilisation of plastic waste in the Nordic region and only a fraction of plastic materials go back into production processes through reuse and recycling practices. This paper aims to increase knowledge concerning factors that inhibit demand for recycled plastics, and to identify critical barriers for plastic recycling across the regional plastics value chain. A literature review and targeted interviews with key actors across the plastics value chain enabled the mapping of interactions between the major actors and identified hotspots that act as barriers to the flow of plastic materials...
March 26, 2018: Waste Management
Alexander Yohan, Nai-Wei Lo, Doni Winata
The development of information technology has paved the way for faster and more convenient payment process flows and new methodology for the design and implementation of next generation payment systems. The growth of smartphone usage nowadays has fostered a new and popular mobile payment environment. Most of the current generation smartphones support Bluetooth Low Energy (BLE) technology to communicate with nearby BLE-enabled devices. It is plausible to construct an Over-the-Air BLE-based mobile payment system as one of the payment methods for people living in modern societies...
March 25, 2018: Sensors
Nicola J Christofides, Abigail M Hatcher, Angelica Pino, Dumisani Rebombo, Ruari Santiago McBride, Althea Anderson, Dean Peacock
OBJECTIVE: This paper describes the design and methods of a cluster randomised controlled trial (C-RCT) to determine the effectiveness of a community mobilisation intervention that is designed to reduce the perpetration of violence against women (VAW). METHODS AND ANALYSIS: A C-RCT of nine intervention and nine control clusters is being carried out in a periurban, semiformal settlement near Johannesburg, South Africa, between 2016 and 2018. A community mobilisation and advocacy intervention, called Sonke CHANGE is being implemented over 18 months...
March 23, 2018: BMJ Open
Liza Jachens, Jonathan Houdmont, Roslyn Thomas
There is a paucity of research on the subjective stress-related experiences of humanitarian aid workers. Most evaluations of stress among these individuals focus on trauma and related conditions or adopt a quantitative approach. This interview-based study explored how 58 humanitarian aid workers employed by a United Nations-aligned organisation perceived the transactional stress process. The thematic analysis revealed eight main topics of interest: an emergency culture was found where most employees felt compelled to offer an immediate response to humanitarian needs; employees identified strongly with humanitarian goals and reported a high level of engagement; the rewards of humanitarian work were perceived as motivating and meaningful; constant change and urgent demands resulted in work overload; and managing work-life boundaries and receiving positive support from colleagues and managers helped to buffer perceived stress, work overload, and negative health outcomes...
March 13, 2018: Disasters
Andrea B Goldschmidt, Ross D Crosby, Li Cao, Markus Moessner, Kelsie T Forbush, Erin C Accurso, Daniel Le Grange
Classifying eating disorders in youth is challenging in light of developmental considerations and high rates of diagnostic migration. Understanding the transactional relationships among eating disorder symptoms, both across the transdiagnostic spectrum and within specific diagnostic categories, may clarify which core eating disorder symptoms contribute to, and maintain, eating-related psychopathology in youth. We utilized network analysis to investigate interrelationships among eating disorder symptoms in 636 treatment-seeking children and adolescents (90...
February 2018: Journal of Abnormal Psychology
Mahir Maruf, Piyush K Agarwal, Abhinav Sidana
INTRODUCTION: The Physician Payment Sunshine Act was enacted to increase the transparency of financial relationships between physicians and the pharmaceutical industry. These financial relationships are prevalent in the field of oncology, as they are in other fields of medicine. We explored the relationship between industry and urologists for compensations associated with the treatment of urologic malignancies. METHODS: The publicly available Open Payments database was obtained from the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services...
August 2017: Seminars in Oncology
John K Marshall, Louis Bessette, Carter Thorne, Neil H Shear, Gerald Lebovic, Sebastien K Gerega, Brad Millson, Driss Oraichi, Tania Gaetano, Sandra Gazel, Martin G Latour, Marie-Claude Laliberté
PURPOSE: Adalimumab (ADA) is a tumor necrosis factor-α inhibitor indicated for use in various immune-mediated inflammatory diseases. Patients receiving ADA in Canada are eligible to enroll in the AbbVie Care's Patient Support Program (PSP), which provides personalized services, including tailored interventions in the form of nurse-provided care coach calls (CCCs), with the goal of improving patients' experiences and outcomes. The primary objective of this study was to evaluate the impact of PSP services, including CCCs and patient characteristics, on persistence with and adherence to ADA for those patients enrolled in the PSP...
March 2018: Clinical Therapeutics
Quentin Szabo, Daniel Jost, Jia-Ming Chang, Diego I Cattoni, Giorgio L Papadopoulos, Boyan Bonev, Tom Sexton, Julian Gurgo, Caroline Jacquier, Marcelo Nollmann, Frédéric Bantignies, Giacomo Cavalli
Deciphering the rules of genome folding in the cell nucleus is essential to understand its functions. Recent chromosome conformation capture (Hi-C) studies have revealed that the genome is partitioned into topologically associating domains (TADs), which demarcate functional epigenetic domains defined by combinations of specific chromatin marks. However, whether TADs are true physical units in each cell nucleus or whether they reflect statistical frequencies of measured interactions within cell populations is unclear...
February 2018: Science Advances
Sarika Rane Parasuraman, Sarah Lindstrom Johnson, Dawn Magnusson, Tracy King
BACKGROUND: Health plans are increasingly implementing quality improvement strategies aimed at meeting adolescent clinical quality measures, yet clinics often struggle to meet these measures. This qualitative study was conducted to explore how efforts to meet the National Committee for Quality Assurance (NCQA) Healthcare Effectiveness Data and Information Set (HEDIS) performance measure for adolescent well-care visits were perceived by a multidisciplinary group of stakeholders. METHODS: The research team conducted 26 in-depth, semistructured interviews with participants from three stakeholder groups: clinic staff with direct patient contact, health care institutional leaders, and representatives of a payer organization...
March 2018: Joint Commission Journal on Quality and Patient Safety
Youfeng Yang, Yong Sun, Jianye Chen, Wayne E Bradley, Louis J Dell'Italia, Hui Wu, Yabing Chen
Vascular calcification is prevalent in patients with atherosclerosis, and oxidative stress promotes pathogenesis of atherosclerosis. We have previously reported that activation of AKT by oxidative stress induces vascular calcification. Using sodium dichloroacetate (DCA), a previously reported small molecule inhibitor of AKT, the present studies uncovered an AKT-independent mechanism in regulating vascular calcification. We found that DCA dose-dependently induced calcification of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMC) in vitro and aortic rings ex vivo...
February 21, 2018: Redox Biology
Hsien-Yen Chang, Irene Murimi, Mark Faul, Lainie Rutkow, G Caleb Alexander
PURPOSE: We quantified the effects of Florida's prescription drug monitoring program and pill mill law on high-risk patients. METHODS: We used QuintilesIMS LRx Lifelink data to identify patients receiving prescription opioids in Florida (intervention state, N: 1.13 million) and Georgia (control state, N: 0.54 million). The preintervention, intervention, and postintervention periods were July 2010 to June 2011, July 2011 to September 2011, and October 2011 to September 2012...
February 28, 2018: Pharmacoepidemiology and Drug Safety
Christina J Sun, Esther S Seloilwe, Mabel Magowe, Kefalotse S Dithole, Kim S Miller, Janet S St Lawrence
Adolescents in sub-Saharan Africa and in Botswana in particular continue to bear the brunt of the HIV epidemic. This analysis assessed gender differences among theory-based sexual and reproductive health protective and risk factors in a cross-sectional sample of 228 Batswana adolescents. Incongruence between preferred and actual sources of sexual information and several important gender differences in parent-adolescent relationships, psychosocial influences, and adolescent sexual behaviors were identified. Parents were the fourth most common source of information about sex; yet, over three-quarters of adolescents preferred to have parents teach them about sex...
February 2018: AIDS Education and Prevention: Official Publication of the International Society for AIDS Education
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