keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Firearms

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667607/blunt-abdominal-trauma-following-gunshot-wound-case-report-and-literature-review
#1
Myftar Torba, Arben Gjata, Francesco Rulli, Ilir Kajo, Sotir Ceka, Afron Mici
Blunt abdominal trauma following gunshot wound. Case report and literature review Introduction: Similarly to blast weapons, every firearm produces explosion at the moment of shooting, which can cause injuries in every region of the body. The aim of this paper is to present the mechanism of blunt abdominal injury following gunshot wounds, bringing this uncommon disease to the clinicians' attention and to review the literature available. CASE REPORT: A patient developed a delayed bowel perforation following a gunshot injury of the abdomen without breaking of the peritoneum...
April 20, 2018: Annali Italiani di Chirurgia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663978/activities-and-situations-when-young-adults-drive-drunk-in-rural-montana
#2
Matthew E Rossheim, Kaylin M Greene, Caroline J Stephenson
OBJECTIVES: This qualitative study explored activities and situations that often result in young adults driving while under the influence of alcohol in rural Montana. METHODS: Eleven focus groups were conducted in 8 rural counties across Montana, and 72 persons (50.7% female, 63.4% college students) aged 18 to 25 years old participated. Focus groups were audio-recorded, transcribed, and narrative text segments were coded independently by 2 researchers. RESULTS: Participants noted a variety of situations specific to rural settings that promoted drunk driving by young adults...
May 1, 2018: American Journal of Health Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659980/management-of-bullet-emboli-to-the-heart-and-great-vessels
#3
Brian Yoon, Samuel Grasso, Luke J Hofmann
Introduction: Firearm-related injuries account for 20% of all injury-related deaths and are responsible for 105,000 injuries annually. The occurrence of bullet emboli to the heart is exceedingly rare. Given the rarity of emboli, controversy exists over management. The primary endpoint of this study is to establish a management algorithm for venous bullet emboli to the heart. Materials and methods: A literature search was performed using PubMed and Google Scholar with the following search terms: cardiac bullet embolus, cardiac missile embolus, and bullet embolus...
April 6, 2018: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658142/firearm-storage-practices-and-risk-perceptions-among-a-nationally-representative-sample-of-u-s-veterans-with-and-without-self-harm-risk-factors
#4
Joseph A Simonetti, Deborah Azrael, Matthew Miller
Despite the disproportionate use of firearms in Veteran suicides and the well-established link between firearm access and suicide, little is known about how Veterans store their firearms or what they think about the relationship between firearm access and suicide risk. Using data from 2015 nationally representative online survey (response rate 60.9%), we compare characteristics of Veteran firearm owners with and without self-harm risk factors with respect to how they store their firearms and their beliefs about suicide risk related to firearms...
April 15, 2018: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29655395/firearm-related-injuries-among-canadian-children-and-youth-from-2006-to-2013-a-chirpp-study
#5
Catherine M J Cox, Samuel A Stewart, Katrina F Hurley
CLINICIAN'S CAPSULE What is known about the topic? Injuries from non-powder firearms are common and potentially life-altering. The Canadian Pediatric Society urges stricter controls on non-powder guns. What did this study ask? What are the Canadian contextual trends in paediatric firearm injuries? What did this study find? In this study, the rate of paediatric firearm injuries was stable from 2006 to 2013. Eye injuries inflicted by non-powder firearms were most common. Most firearm injuries occurred through recreation and sport...
April 15, 2018: CJEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29644535/a-secondary-spatial-analysis-of-gun-violence-near-boston-schools-a-public-health-approach
#6
Gia Barboza
School neighborhood violence continues to be a major public health problem among urban students. A large body of research addresses violence at school; however, fewer studies have explored concentrations of violence in areas proximal to schools. This study aimed to quantify the concentration of shootings near schools to elucidate the place-based dynamics that may be focal points for violence prevention. Geocoded databases of shooting and school locations were used to examine locational patterns of firearm shootings and elementary, middle, and high schools in Boston, Massachusetts...
April 11, 2018: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627912/violent-behaviors-weapon-carrying-and-firearm-homicide-trends-in-african-american-adolescents-2001-2015
#7
Jagdish Khubchandani, James H Price
African American youths have the highest risk for firearm and other weapon related homicides. This study utilized the national Youth Risk Behavior Surveys from 2001 to 2015 to assess trends in violence related behaviors and weapon carrying of African American adolescents. Our analyses found statistically significant reductions in physical fighting and weapon carrying among African American male adolescents from 2007 to 2015. Planning suicide increased in both male and female African American adolescents since 2007...
April 7, 2018: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29625814/firearm-mortality-in-california-2000-2015-the-epidemiologic-importance-of-within-state-variation
#8
Veronica A Pear, Alvaro Castillo-Carniglia, Rose M C Kagawa, Magdalena Cerdá, Garen J Wintemute
PURPOSE: Firearm mortality is a significant problem in the United States. Previous studies have largely focused on firearm mortality at the national or state level, leaving open the question of within-state variation. This study examined firearm mortality within California. METHODS: We used Multiple Cause of Death data files to identify all firearm fatalities in California from 2000 to 2015. We described firearm mortality rates and counts over time, by age and county, stratifying by intent, gender, and race/ethnicity...
March 12, 2018: Annals of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29624792/circumstances-of-suicide-among-individuals-with-a-history-of-cancer
#9
Greta M Massetti, Kristin Holland, Shane P D Jack, Kathleen R Ragan, Natasha Buchanan Lunsford
OBJECTIVE: Cancer can trigger psychological distress, which may be associated with risk of suicide. We explored precipitating circumstances of suicides among decedents with and without a history of cancer. METHODS: Coroner or medical examiner and law enforcement narratives of adult suicides were coded from 17 participating states in CDC's National Violent Death Reporting System during 2004-2013. Bivariate and multivariate analyses examined associations between cancer history and factors that precipitated suicide...
April 6, 2018: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29618268/reporting-on-suicide-between-1819-and-1944
#10
Florian Arendt
BACKGROUND: Suicide rates increased substantially in many countries during the 19th century. Little is known about news coverage on suicide in this period and its relationship to suicide rates. AIMS: To test whether there was a covariation between the quantity of reporting and suicide rates and whether the press relied on sensational reporting. METHOD: A content analysis of Austrian news coverage between 1819 and 1944 was conducted and compared with contemporary findings...
April 5, 2018: Crisis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29617301/an-ecological-study-on-the-spatially-varying-relationship-between-county-level-suicide-rates-and-altitude-in-the-united-states
#11
Hoehun Ha, Wei Tu
Suicide is a serious but preventable public health issue. Several previous studies have revealed a positive association between altitude and suicide rates at the county level in the contiguous United States. We assessed the association between suicide rates and altitude using a cross-county ecological study design. Data on suicide rates were obtained from a Web-based Injury Statistics Query and Reporting System (WISQARS), maintained by the U.S. National Center for Injury Prevention and Control (NCIPC). Altitude data were collected from the United States Geological Survey (USGS)...
April 4, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29616901/issues-in-developing-a-surveillance-case-definition-for-nonfatal-suicide-attempt-and-intentional-self-harm-using-international-classification-of-diseases-tenth-revision-clinical-modification-icd-10-cm-coded-data
#12
Holly Hedegaard, Michael Schoenbaum, Cynthia Claassen, Alex Crosby, Kristin Holland, Scott Proescholdbell
Suicide and intentional self-harm are among the leading causes of death in the United States. To study this public health issue, epidemiologists and researchers often analyze data coded using the International Classification of Diseases (ICD). Prior to October 1, 2015, health care organizations and providers used the clinical modification of the Ninth Revision of ICD (ICD-9-CM) to report medical information in electronic claims data. The transition in October 2015 to use of the clinical modification of the Tenth Revision of ICD (ICD-10-CM) resulted in the need to update methods and selection criteria previously developed for ICD-9-CM coded data...
February 2018: National Health Statistics Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29616440/distortion-of-the-temporary-cavity-and-its-influence-on-staining-in-firearm-barrels
#13
Christian Schyma, Rolf Müller, Eva Brenčičová, Julia Brünig
After contact shots to the head, biological traces can be found inside the barrel of the firearm. Experimental protocols to generate this sort of staining, using 12 cm gelatin cubes containing thin foil bags filled with acrylic paint, human blood, and radiocontrast agent, have been developed. Previous research on shots fired at a distance has shown the underlay sustaining these gelatin cubes has an influence on experimental results. This study was conducted to investigate the role of the sustaining base of the gelatin blocks during contact shots, and its influence on the staining result inside firearm barrels...
April 3, 2018: Forensic Science, Medicine, and Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29613951/firearm-injury-control-a-call-to-arms-for-wide-ranging-advocacy
#14
Thomas J Esposito
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2, 2018: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29613872/repeal-of-comprehensive-background-check-policies-and-firearm-homicide-and-suicide
#15
Rose M C Kagawa, Alvaro Castillo-Carniglia, Jon S Vernick, Daniel Webster, Cassandra Crifasi, Kara E Rudolph, Magdalena Cerdá, Aaron Shev, Garen J Wintemute
BACKGROUND: In 2016, firearms killed 38,658 people in the United States. Federal law requires licensed gun dealers, but not private parties, to conduct background checks on prospective firearm purchasers with the goal of preventing prohibited persons from obtaining firearms. Our objective was to estimate the effect of the repeal of comprehensive background check laws - requiring a background check for all handgun sales, not just sales by licensed dealers - on firearm homicide and suicide rates in Indiana and Tennessee...
April 2, 2018: Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29613871/a-new-tool-for-case-studies-in-epidemiology-the-synthetic-control-method
#16
David H Rehkopf, Sanjay Basu
With the publication of "Repeal of Comprehensive Background Check Policies and Firearm Homicide and Suicide," the synthetic control method joins a group of useful statistical methods for the analysis of observational data imported to the field of epidemiology from economics and political science. These approaches include fixed effects (2), difference in differences (2), regression discontinuity (3) and instrumental variables (4). This expansion of methodological tools has been critical for the development for epidemiology as the discipline has expanded to consider the analysis of exposures that are not easily subjected to true random assignment, and for which unmeasured confounders plausibly exist...
April 2, 2018: Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29605786/firearm-storage-and-shooting-experience-factors-relevant-to-the-practical-capability-for-suicide
#17
Sarah E Butterworth, Samantha E Daruwala, Michael D Anestis
The capability for suicide is posited to facilitate the relatively rare transition from suicidal ideation to suicidal behavior, although the operational definition of the construct continues to evolve. The Three Step Theory proposes that capability is multifaceted and includes practical capability for suicide, defined as comfort with and access to lethal means. Empirical examinations of this construct are thus far limited. Two previous studies have examined the association between firearm storage and shooting experience and common measures of capability for suicide...
March 27, 2018: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29604526/alcohol-use-and-change-over-time-in-firearm-safety-among-families-with-young-children
#18
Alexa Martin-Storey, Kate C Prickett, Robert Crosnoe
BACKGROUND: Improperly stored firearms pose a clear health risk to children. Previous research concurrently links alcohol use with lower levels of firearm safety. The objectives of this study were to assess (1) how families move from unsafe to safer firearm storage practices and (2) how parental drinking was associated with moving away from unsafe firearm storage practices. METHODS: This study used data from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study-Birth Cohort, 2003 when children were two years old and again when they were four years old...
March 26, 2018: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29602152/how-to-recognize-the-traces-left-on-a-crime-scene-by-a-3d-printed-liberator-part-1-discharge-exterior-ballistic-and-wounding-potential
#19
Hanna Honsberger, Damien Rhumorbarbe, Denis Werner, Fabiano Riva, Matthieu Glardon, Alain Gallusser, Olivier Delémont
The Liberator is a firearm that can be manufactured from its blueprints, using a 3D-printer. This weapon made of nineteen pieces - eighteen in printed plastic and one metallic nail - raises questions such as its ability to fire a round, its wounding potential and the traces produced by its discharge. In particular, knowledge must be gained to infer that a 3D-printed handgun was used, reconstruct the shooting event involving such handgun, and gather information related to the type of 3D-printed handgun used...
March 20, 2018: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29590475/tinnitus-and-associated-handicaps-in-the-french-mountain-artillery-assessment-by-the-tinnitus-handicap-inventory
#20
Agnès Job, Fabien Cardinal, Hugues Michel, Céline Klein, Elodie Ressiot, Jérome Gauthier
Introduction: Tinnitus and associated handicap related to acoustic trauma sequelae have never been assessed in the French artillery. Although impulsive noise exposure to firearms and canons are thought to increase prevalence of tinnitus among soldiers, recent studies demonstrating this fact are missing. Materials and Methods: Here, a representative sample of 389 soldiers from an operational mountain artillery regiment was surveyed. Soldiers personally concerned by tinnitus were invited to fill in a questionnaire...
March 26, 2018: Military Medicine
keyword
keyword
116014
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"