keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Firearms

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302240/a-rare-fetal-firearm-injury
#1
Imran Hashim, Nabila Talat
Firearm injury (FAI) in pregnant women is reported in the literature; however, no reference to date was found to address the neonatal abdominal surgery performed after maternal FAI. FAI during fetal life is extremely rare and very few cases have been reported. We present a report of a 37-week gestation newborn whose mother had an accidental FAI. The neonate was delivered by emergency caesarian section along with emergency laparotomy of the newborn. The baby presented at eight hours of life, who was managed surgically in emergency for multiple small and large bowel perforations and a piece of bullet was recovered from anterior part of thigh...
March 2017: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301677/epidemiology-of-firearm-and-other-noise-exposures-in-the-united-states
#2
Jay M Bhatt, Harrison W Lin, Neil Bhattacharyya
OBJECTIVE: Identify contemporary noise exposures and hearing protection use among adults. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional analysis of national health survey. METHODS: Adult respondents in the 2014 National Health Interview Series hearing survey module were analyzed. Potentially harmful exposures to occupational and recreational noises in the past 12 months were extracted and quantified. Patterns of hearing protection use also were analyzed. RESULTS: Among 239...
March 16, 2017: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28294383/the-association-between-gun-ownership-and-statewide-overall-suicide-rates
#3
Michael D Anestis, Claire Houtsma
An extensive body of research has demonstrated an association between gun ownership and suicide that extends beyond the effects of a range of covariates. We aimed to expand on extant research by examining the extent to which gun ownership predicts statewide overall suicide rates beyond the effects of demographic, geographic, religious, psychopathological, and suicide-related variables. By extending the list of covariates utilized, considering those covariates simultaneously, and using more recent data, we sought to present a more stringent test...
March 13, 2017: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290970/severe-systemic-lead-toxicity-resulting-from-extra-articular-retained-shrapnel-presenting-as-jaundice-and-hepatitis-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#4
Ian A Grasso, Matthew R Blattner, Tyler Short, John W Downs
INTRODUCTION: Despite greater than 60,000 nonfatal firearm injuries per year in the United States, retained shrapnel is a relatively rare cause of systemic lead toxicity with less than 100 cases reported in the medical literature since 1867. While intra-articular retained shrapnel as a cause of lead toxicity is well-described, extra-articular fragments are less well known to cause symptomatic disease. CASE REPORT: A 31-year-old man initially presented with abdominal pain, constipation, jaundice, and elevated liver transaminases approximately 3 weeks after suffering a left lower extremity injury during athletic activity...
March 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284443/a-study-of-gunshot-residue-distribution-for-close-range-shots-with-a-silenced-gun-using-optical-and-scanning-electron-microscopy-x-ray-microanalysis-and-infrared-spectroscopy
#5
Zuzanna Brożek-Mucha
Detailed physical and chemical analysis of gunshot residue deposited in the nearest vicinity of a submachine gun alone and with a sound suppressor was performed. The studies were inspired by recent shooting cases with the use of a firearm with a silencer and the need to estimate the shooting distance to human body naked and covered with clothing. A series of experiments were performed in the shooting range using a machine pistol and the appropriate ammunition cal. 7.65mm Browning. Targets were placed in the range of 0-30cm from the gun and covered either with white cotton fabric or a porcine skin that mocked people's clothing and the naked skin...
March 2017: Science & Justice: Journal of the Forensic Science Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28273297/structural-causes-of-urban-firearm-violence-a-trauma-surgeon-s-view-from-philadelphia
#6
Jessica H Beard, Carrie A Sims
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 8, 2017: JAMA Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28265644/physicians-patients-and-firearms-the-courts-say-yes
#7
Marian E Betz, Megan L Ranney, Garen J Wintemute
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 7, 2017: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28263235/unusual-case-of-suicide-with-a-modified-trap-gun
#8
Amal Vadysinghe, Prasanna Dassanayake, Medhani Wickramasinghe
INTRODUCTION: Trap gun is an illegal, locally manufactured gun with a basic trip system used to hunt wild animals. CASE REPORT: The body of a 28-year-old man was found in the jungle in supine position with both legs apart. A trap gun was between the legs pointing toward the cranial side of the body. It had 2 free wires that were not connected together. There was no evidence of foul play.The body had a single-entry wound (2.5-cm diameter) in the anterior chest, with blackening, burning, and tattooing...
March 3, 2017: American Journal of Forensic Medicine and Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28261772/physical-violence-among-elderly-analysis-of-admissions-to-an-emergency-department
#9
Yasemin Kılıç Öztürk, Erhan Düzenli, Cem Karaali, Faruk Öztürk
BACKGROUND: Physical violence is defined as deliberate use of physical force likely to result in trauma, bodily injury, pain, or impairment. Present study is pioneering effort to evaluate mechanisms and sociodemographic features of physical violence targeting the elderly in Turkey and to investigate preventive measures. METHODS: Database records and forensic reports were analyzed in this retrospective study of 54 elderly patients with trauma as result of physical violence who were admitted to emergency department of Şanlıurfa Training and Research Hospital between January 2012 and July 2013...
January 2017: Ulusal Travma Ve Acil Cerrahi Dergisi, Turkish Journal of Trauma & Emergency Surgery: TJTES
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28248124/-multiple-firearm-injury-caused-with-a%C3%A2-blank-pistol
#10
Eva Nevická, Rastislav Rozboril, Boris Ťažký, Ivan Závodný, Martin Zdarílek, Jozef Šidlo
The authors present a case of a complex suicide of a 60-year-old woman found dead on her bed. A blank pistol Umarex caliber 9-mm, several blank cartridges and a lot of drug packages were discovered near the body. The woman suffered from a psychiatric depression. There were three gunshot wounds on the body: in the right temporal region, on the palatum of the mouth and on the left chest wall. The gunshot wounds in the right temporal region and in the mouth had central circle defects with the margins of stellate or star-like appearance and blackening...
2017: Soudní Lékarství
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28247449/computational-approach-to-identify-different-injuries-by-firearms
#11
Sarah Teixeira Costa, Alexandre Rodrigues Freire, Rodrigo Ivo Matoso, Eduardo Daruge Júnior, Ana Cláudia Rossi, Felippe Bevilacqua Prado
Complications arise in the analysis of gunshot wounds to the maxillofacial region, when neither the projectile nor the gun is found at the crime scene. We simulated 5- and 15-cm firing distances at a human mandible to investigate the external morphology of entrance wounds based on fire range. The ammunition models, .40-caliber S&W, .380-caliber, and 9 × 19-mm Luger, were constructed with free-form NURBS surfaces. In a dynamic simulation, projectiles were fired against mandibular body 3D model at 5 and 15 cm...
March 2017: Journal of Forensic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28243929/are-we-headed-towards-the-defaunation-of-the-last-large-atlantic-forest-remnants-poaching-activities-in-one-of-the-largest-remnants-of-the-tabuleiro-forests-in-southeastern-brazil
#12
José Adelson C Sousa, Ana C Srbek-Araujo
Hunting is a problem to animal conservation in different parts of the world and it has caused the local extinction of several species. The aim of this study was to characterize the poaching activities in one of the main tabuleiro forest remnants of Brazil, the Linhares-Sooretama Block (LSB). Poaching records from 2010 to 2013 were gathered from the agencies responsible for monitoring and combating environmental crimes in the LSB. A total of 693 records (mean = 173 events/year) were collected involving direct (hunted animals, firearms, handmade firearms, traps, poachers, and various hunting supplies) and indirect (tree stands, baits, and poacher signs) evidences of poaching...
March 2017: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28240673/survey-of-american-college-of-surgeons-committee-on-trauma-members-on-firearm-injury-consensus-and-opportunities
#13
Deborah A Kuhls, Brendan T Campbell, Peter A Burke, Lisa Allee, Ashley Hink, Robert W Letton, Peter T Masiakos, Michael Coburn, Maria Alvi, Trudy J Lerer, Barbara A Gaines, Michael L Nance, Douglas J E Schuerer, Tina L Palmieri, James W Davis, Douglas M Geehan, James K Elsey, Beth H Sutton, Mark P McAndrew, Ronald I Gross, Donald N Reed, Donald H Van Boerum, Thomas J Esposito, Roxie M Albrecht, Babak Sarani, David S Shapiro, Katie Wiggins-Dohlvik, Ronald M Stewart
BACKGROUND: In the U.S. there is a perceived divide regarding the benefits and risks of firearm ownership. The American College of Surgeons Committee on Trauma Injury Prevention and Control Committee designed a survey to evaluate Committee on Trauma (COT) member attitudes about firearm ownership, freedom, responsibility, physician-patient freedom and policy, with the objective of using survey results to inform firearm injury prevention policy development. METHODS: A 32 question survey was sent to 254 current U...
February 24, 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28237760/differentiating-suicide-decedents-who-died-using-firearms-from-those-who-died-using-other-methods
#14
Michael D Anestis, Lauren R Khazem, Joye C Anestis
Studies have documented a link between gun ownership and suicide, but little is known about characteristics of those most likely to use a gun in a suicide attempt rather than alternative methods. We examined which factors differentiate suicide decedents who died using a gun from those who died by other methods. We further examined whether such findings are consistent within the subcomponent of our larger sample comprised entirely of gun owning suicide decedents. Data reflect 267 suicide decedents, with data provided by individuals who identified as having lost someone to suicide (loss survivors)...
February 22, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230577/suicide-and-suicide-attempts-on-hospital-grounds-and-clinic-areas
#15
Peter D Mills, Bradley V Watts, Robin R Hemphill
OBJECTIVES: The goal of this study was to describe suicide and suicide attempts that occurred while the patient was on hospital grounds, common spaces, and clinic areas using root cause analysis (RCA) reports of these events in a national health care organization in the United States. METHOD: This is an observational review of all RCA reports of suicide and suicide attempts on hospital grounds, common spaces, and clinic areas in our system between December 1, 1999, and December 31, 2014...
February 22, 2017: Journal of Patient Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214757/staining-in-firearm-barrels-after-experimental-contact-shots
#16
C Schyma, K Bauer, J Brünig, C Courts, B Madea
After contact shots to the head biological traces inside firearm barrels can be found. This study was conducted to simulate and to evaluate such staining. Five current handguns of four inch barrel length in the calibre .22 long rifle, 7.65mm Browning, 9mm Luger and .38 special were used to perform 24 contact shots on silicone coated, gelatine filled box models using the triple contrast method. The staining was documented by endoscopy and swabs gathered from both ends of the barrel were analysed by quantitative PCR...
February 10, 2017: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207333/handgun-legislation-and-changes-in-statewide-overall-suicide-rates
#17
Michael D Anestis, Joye C Anestis, Sarah E Butterworth
OBJECTIVES: To examine the extent to which 4 laws regulating handgun ownership were associated with statewide suicide rate changes. METHODS: To test between-group differences in statewide suicide rate changes between 2013 and 2014 in all 50 states and the District of Columbia with and without specific laws, we ran analyses of covariance. RESULTS: We found significant differences in suicide rate changes from 2013 to 2014 in states with mandatory waiting periods and universal background checks relative to states without such laws...
April 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193713/firearm-carrying-and-concurrent-substance-use-behaviours-in-a-community-based-sample-of-emerging-adults
#18
Robert N Buschmann, John D Prochaska, Jacques G Baillargeon, Jeff R Temple
INTRODUCTION: This paper examines associations between high-risk gun carrying and substance use in emerging adults (ages 18-22). The coexistence of these high-risk behaviours in a general population of emerging adults can have disastrous consequences. METHODS: Dating it Safe is an ongoing longitudinal (2010-2016) survey of emerging adults recruited from seven high schools in five south-east Texas-area school districts (current sample n=684). Multiple logistic regression modelling was used to examine the association between past-year use of legal and illegal substances and past-year firearm carrying for a reason other than sport or hunting...
February 13, 2017: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183726/injury-region-and-risk-of-hospital-acquired-pneumonia-among-pediatric-trauma-patients
#19
Gretchen J Cutler, Anupam B Kharbanda, Jeffrey Nowak, Henry W Ortega
OBJECTIVE: To describe the relationship between injury region and risk of hospital-acquired pneumonia (HAP) in pediatric trauma patients. METHODS: Analyses included patients <19 years of age from the National Trauma Data Bank, during 2009-2011. Multivariable logistic regression was used to examine the association between injury region and odds of developing HAP stratified by age group. RESULTS: A total of 71 377 patients were eligible for analysis, and 1818 patients developed pneumonia...
February 9, 2017: Hospital Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182606/elevated-blood-lead-levels-associated-with-retained-bullet-fragments-united-states-2003-2012
#20
Debora Weiss, Carrie D Tomasallo, Jon G Meiman, Walter Alarcon, Nathan M Graber, Kristine M Bisgard, Henry A Anderson
An estimated 115,000 firearm injuries occur annually in the United States, and approximately 70% are nonfatal (1). Retained bullet fragments (RBFs) are an infrequently reported, but important, cause of lead toxicity; symptoms are often nonspecific and can appear years after suffering a gunshot wound (2,3). Adult blood lead level (BLL) screening is most commonly indicated for monitoring of occupational lead exposure; routine testing of adults with RBFs is infrequent (3). States collaborate with CDC's National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) to monitor elevated BLLs through the Adult Blood Lead Epidemiology and Surveillance (ABLES) program (4,5)...
February 10, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
keyword
keyword
116014
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"