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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217576/firearms-and-accidental-deaths-evidence-from-the-aftermath-of-the-sandy-hook-school-shooting
#1
Phillip B Levine, Robin McKnight
Exposure to firearms increased substantially after the December 2012 shooting at Sandy Hook Elementary School in Newtown, Connecticut, where 20 children and 6 adults were killed. Gun sales spiked by 3 million, on the basis of the increase in the number of background checks for firearm purchases. Google searches for buying and cleaning guns increased. We used Vital Statistics mortality data to examine whether a spike in accidental firearm deaths occurred at the same time as the greater exposure to firearms. We also assessed whether the increase in these deaths was larger in those states where the spike in gun sales per capita was larger...
December 8, 2017: Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216493/intimate-partner-violence-against-women-circumstances-of-aggressions-and-oral-maxillofacial-traumas-a-medical-legal-and-forensic-approach
#2
Ítalo de Macedo Bernardino, Luzia Michelle Santos, Alysson Vinicius Porto Ferreira, Tomás Lucio Marques de Almeida Lima, Lorena Marques da Nóbrega, Sérgio d'Avila
INTRODUCTION: Intimate partner violence (IPV) is a serious public health problem that frequently results in oral-maxillofacial traumas, generating high social and economic costs. The aim of this study was to describe the profile of women victims of IPV and determine the pattern of oral-maxillofacial traumas, according to a medical-legal and forensic perspective. An exploratory study of 1361 suspected cases of women victims of IPV was carried out based on database of an Institute of Legal Medicine and Forensic Dentistry of Northeastern Brazil during a period of 4 years...
December 4, 2017: Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29206823/-thoracic-and-lumbar-fractures-in-adolescents-an-eight-year-study
#3
Félix Adolfo Sánchez-Chávez, Jorge Arturo Cabrera-Escamilla
METHODS: In order to know the characteristics of these lesions in our environment and compare with those the adults, a transversal and descriptive study of adolescents between 12 and 18 years who were hospitalized for thoracic and lumbar fracture in two centers of high level trauma in our country for 8 years was performed. The variables studied were applied statistical analysis descriptive and correlation. RESULTS: They were found significant date by associating the causes of damage with associated lesions (p = 0...
November 2017: Gaceta Médica de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197759/source-identification-of-human-exposure-to-lead-in-nine-cree-nations-from-quebec-canada-eeyou-istchee-territory
#4
Eric N Liberda, Leonard J S Tsuji, Ian D Martin, Pierre Ayotte, Elizabeth Robinson, Eric Dewailly, Evert Nieboer
While policies to decrease lead in the environment have been implemented to reduce human exposure to various lead sources, the use of lead ammunition to harvest wild game may continue to contribute significantly to human blood lead levels (BLLs). As part of a multi-community environment-and-health study, BLLs representing all age groups were evaluated in the nine Cree Nations located in the James and Hudson Bay regions of Quebec, Canada. Personal, market food, traditional food and 24-h recall questionnaires were administered...
November 30, 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29194475/analysis-of-the-strength-of-legal-firearms-restrictions-for-perpetrators-of-domestic-violence-and-their-association-with-intimate-partner-homicide
#5
April M Zeoli, Alexander McCourt, Shani Buggs, Shannon Frattaroli, David Lilley, Daniel W Webster
In this research, we estimate the association of firearm restrictions for domestic violence offenders with intimate partner homicides (IPHs), based on the strength of the policies. We posit that the association of firearm laws with IPHs depends on the laws': 1) breadth of coverage of high-risk individuals and situations restricted; 2) power to compel firearm surrender or removal from prohibited persons; and 3) systems of accountability that prevent prohibited persons from obtaining guns. We conducted a quantitative policy evaluation using annual state-level data from 1980 through 2013 for 45 US states...
November 29, 2017: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29191029/facilitating-temporary-safe-firearms-restrictions-among-individuals-at-high-risk-of-suicide-response-to-sung
#6
Mark Olfson, Stephen Crystal, Tobias Gerhard
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 1, 2017: American Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29191027/firearms-policy-and-suicide-prevention
#7
Jeffrey C Sung
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 1, 2017: American Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29190869/-comment-to-the-article-double-pneumothorax-secondary-to-single-projectile-of-firearm-report-of-a-case-and-review-of-the-literature
#8
Eduardo Rojano-Mercado
No abstract.
November 2017: Revista Médica del Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29176826/aggregate-level-lead-exposure-gun-violence-homicide-and-rape
#9
Brian B Boutwell, Erik J Nelson, Zhengmin Qian, Michael G Vaughn, John P Wright, Kevin M Beaver, J C Barnes, Melissa Petkovsek, Roger Lewis, Mario Schootman, Richard Rosenfeld
CONTEXT: An increasing body of research has linked the geographic distribution of lead with various indicators of criminal and antisocial behavior. OBJECTIVE: The current study, using data from an ongoing project related to lead exposure in St. Louis City, MO, analyzed the association between aggregate blood lead levels and specific indicators violent crime within the city. DESIGN: Ecological study. SETTING: St. Louis, Missouri...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29170331/34%C3%A2-a-systematic-literature-review-of-the-pre-hospital-lessons-identified-following-mass-casualty-deliberate-bombing-incidents
#10
Thomas Cooke, Adam Chesters, Gareth Grier
BACKGROUND: Since the end of World War II, there has been an emergence of explosives used amongst civilian populations resulting in mass-casualty incidents. The development of pre-hospital medical systems, worldwide, has resulted in an increased response at these incidents. However, information about the pre-hospital medical response is sparse and not collated. This review aimed to collect and appraise the literature on the pre-hospital management of mass-casualty bombing incidents. The primary objective was to identify and discuss the common themes highlighted as problems in the pre-hospital medical response...
December 2017: Emergency Medicine Journal: EMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29169121/perceptions-of-firearms-and-suicide-the-role-of-misinformation-in-storage-practices-and-openness-to-means-safety-measures
#11
Michael D Anestis, Sarah E Butterworth, Claire Houtsma
BACKGROUND: Firearm ownership and unsafe storage increase risk for suicide. Little is known regarding factors that influence storage practices and willingness to engage in means safety. METHODS: Utilizing Amazon's Mechanical Turk program, we recruited an online sample of 300 adults living in the US who own at least one firearm. Firearm storage practices and openness to means safety measures were assessed using items designed for this study. Data were collected and analyzed in 2017...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29169036/frequency-of-lethal-means-assessment-among-emergency-department-patients-with-a-positive-suicide-risk-screen
#12
Marian E Betz, Mack Kautzman, Daniel L Segal, Ivan Miller, Carlos A Camargo, Edwin D Boudreaux, Sarah A Arias
Prior work from surveys and limited populations suggests many emergency department (ED) patients with suicide risk do not have documented lethal means assessments (e.g., being asked about home firearms). The specific objectives of this study were to, in an ED with universal screening for suicide risk: (1) estimate how often ED providers documented lethal means assessment for suicidal patients, and (2) compare patients with and without documented lethal means assessments. We reviewed 800 total charts from a random sample of adults in three a priori age groups (18-34 years; 35-59 years; ≥ 60 years) with a positive suicide risk screen from 8/2014 to 12/2015...
November 14, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161114/suicide-and-high-altitude-an-integrative-review
#13
Elaine Reno, Talia L Brown, Marian E Betz, Michael H Allen, Lilian Hoffecker, Jeremy Reitinger, Robert Roach, Benjamin Honigman
Reno, Elaine, Talia L. Brown, Marian E. Betz, Michael H. Allen, Lilian Hoffecker, Jeremy Reitinger, Robert Roach, and Benjamin Honigman. Suicide and high altitude: an integrative review. High Alt Med Biol 00:000-000, 2017. INTRODUCTION: Suicide rates are greater at high altitudes, and multiple mechanisms have been suggested for this relationship, including hypoxia, differences in population density, characteristics of suicide victims, and firearms ownership and access. To better understand these potential mechanisms, studies evaluating the associations between high altitude and suicide were examined...
November 21, 2017: High Altitude Medicine & Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156218/use-of-luminescent-gunshot-residues-markers-in-forensic-context-part-ii
#14
A M Arouca, M A M Lucena, R J Rossiter, M Talhavini, I T Weber
Gunshot residues (GSR) are important physical evidence in firearm-related crimes. Recently developed non-toxic ammunition, however, requires a new methodology for its characterization. To overcome this drawback, the introduction of noncommercial luminescent markers in ammunition was proposed. These markers, synthesized and added to the gunpowder, presented as a versatile tool for GSR analysis, since they require UV radiation alone to visualize the luminescent GSR (LGSR). This has opened up new perspectives for understanding GSR behavior at a crime scene...
November 6, 2017: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152642/variability-of-characteristics-of-cranial-projectile-trauma-in-skeletal-material
#15
Caitlin Humphrey, Jaliya Kumaratilake, Maciej Henneberg
In cranial firearm trauma, where soft tissues have decomposed, determining the manner of death can pose difficultly for a forensic anthropologist. Detailed analysis of skeletal wounds may lead to reconstruction of the events surrounding death, however considerable research has been conducted on soft tissue details and less has focused on skeletal wounds alone. Macroscopic descriptive observations were carried out on thirteen skulls from the Hamman-Todd Human Osteological Collection at the Cleveland Museum of Natural History, Ohio which had documented cranial projectile trauma to analyse wound location, shape, size, beveling and projectile paths...
November 14, 2017: Anthropologischer Anzeiger; Bericht über die Biologisch-anthropologische Literatur
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137466/evaluation-of-extremity-injuries-presented-to-emergency-department
#16
Ali Karakus, Guven Kuvandik, Ezgi Atalay
OBJECTIVE: In this study, we aimed to review cases with firearms injury of extremities presented to our hospital. METHODS: After approval by Institutional Board, electronic database was retrospectively screened for firearms injury of extremities between 2012 and 2015. Overall, 600 cases with firearms injury of extremities were included in the study. Cases were assessed for demographic and clinical characteristics, Mangled extremity severity score (MESS), Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS), costs and outcomes...
October 2017: Archives of Iranian Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128127/a-crossbow-suicide
#17
Laura Panata, Massimo Lancia, Alessandra Persichini, Sergio Scalise Pantuso, Mauro Bacci
The crossbow is an ancient ranged weapon originally conceived for war and hunting. Although nowadays its use in warfare has been surpassed by firearms, it continues to be used in hunting, sports and recreation. The authors present the case of a 40-year-old man who suffered from severe depression. When his condition further deteriorated, doctors ordered a forced hospitalization but, just a few hours before the measure became effective, the man committed suicide using a crossbow. The autopsy and police investigation showed possession of the crossbow darts which the man used to shoot himself in the head...
October 18, 2017: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127770/the-burden-of-firearm-violence-in-the-united-states-stricter-laws-result-in-safer-states
#18
Faisal Jehan, Viraj Pandit, Terence O'Keeffe, Asad Azim, Arpana Jain, Saad A Tai, Andrew Tang, Muhammad Khan, Narong Kulvatunyou, Lynn Gries, Bellal Joseph
BACKGROUND: Increasing firearm violence has resulted in a strong drive for stricter firearm legislations. Aim of this study was to determine the relationship between firearm legislations and firearm-related injuries across states in the United States. METHODS: We performed a retrospective analysis of all patients with trauma related hospitalization using the 2011 Nationwide Inpatient Sample database. Patients with firearm-related injury were identified using E-codes...
November 11, 2017: Journal of Injury & Violence Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125665/firearms-and-suicide-finding-the-right-words
#19
Marian E Betz
As emergency physicians, we're used to asking patients about sensitive topics. We overcame discomfort by practicing questions like "Do you have sex with men, women or both?" until the words flowed smoothly. In lectures, I urge providers to counsel suicidal patients about firearm access, given that reducing lethal means access can save lives.(1,2) But early on, I didn't know how to talk about firearms without offending my patients. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
November 10, 2017: Academic Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118445/large-area-imaging-of-forensic-evidence-with-ma-xrf
#20
Kirsten Langstraat, Alwin Knijnenberg, Gerda Edelman, Linda van de Merwe, Annelies van Loon, Joris Dik, Arian van Asten
This study introduces the use of macroscopic X-ray fluorescence (MA-XRF) for the detection, classification and imaging of forensic traces over large object areas such as entire pieces of clothing and wall paneling. MA-XRF was sufficiently sensitive and selective to detect human biological traces like blood, semen, saliva, sweat and urine on fabric on the basis of Fe, Zn, K, Cl and Ca elemental signatures. With MA-XRF a new chemical contrast is introduced for human stain detection and this can provide a valuable alternative when the evidence item is challenging for conventional techniques...
November 8, 2017: Scientific Reports
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