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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29655472/considerations-for-treatment-of-large-zoologic-collections-fish
#1
REVIEW
Claire D Erlacher-Reid
Aquatic species live most or all their lives in water; therefore, the health of the environment is intimately connected to their health and medical care. Understanding and maintaining appropriate husbandry and nutrition for the housed aquarium species are essential to sustain health. Most diseases of fish are secondary opportunistic infections; prevention and early diagnosis are recommended. Treatments involve environmental and/or nutritional management first, followed by targeted pharmacologic treatment to control a specific pathogen...
May 2018: Veterinary Clinics of North America. Exotic Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650942/-a-case-of-successful-management-of-postoperative-chylous-ascites-by-combination-therapy-with-octreotide-and-etilefrine
#2
Chikato Koga, Masahiro Murakami, Junzo Shimizu, Akinobu Yasuyama, Tae Matsumura, Akihiro Takata, Chizu Kameda, Ryohei Kawabata, Masaki Hirota, Shingo Noura, Junichi Hasegawa
We have report a case of an 81-year-old woman who underwent distal pancreatectomy for pancreatic body cancer. Chy- lous ascites with high triglyceride(TG)level, 201mg/dL, occurred on postoperative day 2. Continuous drainage and conservative management, such as low fat diet, fasting, total parental nutrition, and octreotide monotherapy, could not resolve the problem. Successful treatment was achieved using subcutaneous octreotide injection and intravenous etilefrine infusion without any adverse side-effect. These medications were able to cause smooth muscle contraction in the thoracic duct, and also to reduce chyle flow...
March 2018: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650522/medical-schools-should-be-prioritising-nutrition-and-lifestyle-education
#3
Kate Womersley, Katherine Ripullone
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 12, 2018: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650354/risk-factors-for-postoperative-delirium-in-patients-undergoing-free-flap-reconstruction-for-oral-cancer
#4
T Makiguchi, S Yokoo, J Kurihara
The aim of this study was to investigate risk factors for postoperative delirium in patients undergoing free flap reconstruction for defects after oral cancer resection. This was a non-randomized, retrospective cohort study involving 102 patients who underwent oral cancer resection and free flap reconstruction. Data were collected from the medical records. Postoperative delirium occurred in 34 patients (33.3%), of whom 27 were male and seven were female. High preoperative total protein and albumin, diabetes mellitus, history of smoking, use of hypnotics or antipsychotics, time until getting out of bed after surgery, and postoperative insomnia were significantly related to delirium in the univariate analysis (P<0...
April 10, 2018: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650340/longitudinal-evaluation-of-efficacy-safety-and-nutritional-status-during-one-year-treatment-with-the-duodenal-jejunal-bypass-liner
#5
Nina Riedel, Katharina Laubner, Anne Lautenbach, Gerhard Schön, Matthias Schlensak, Rainer Stengel, Thomas Eberl, Frank Dederichs, Jens Aberle, Jochen Seufert
BACKGROUND: The endoscopic duodenal-jejunal bypass liner (DJBL) represents a novel temporary endoscopic approach for treatment of obesity-associated type 2 diabetes. Recent results from the German DJBL registry confirmed substantial positive metabolic effects of the DJBL in type 2 diabetes. However, the last Food and Drug Administration trial was stopped due to a high occurrence of hepatic abscesses (3.5%). OBJECTIVES: Here, we analyzed time courses of development of co-morbidities, nutritive changes, and occurrence of adverse events during the 1-year treatment phase with the DJBL in the German DJBL registry...
March 9, 2018: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650183/the-combination-of-nebulization-and-chest-physiotherapy-improved-respiratory-status-in-children-with-pneumonia
#6
Nur Eni Lestari, Nani Nurhaeni, Siti Chodidjah
OBJECTIVE: There is controversy regarding the effectiveness of chest physiotherapy to solve airway obstruction problems experienced by children younger than five years of age with pneumonia. The aim of this study was to determine the effectiveness of chest physiotherapy and nebulization on the respiratory status of these children. METHOD: This study was quasi-experimental with a pre- and post-test nonequivalent control group design. Thirty-four respondents selected by consecutive sampling were divided into two groups: one that received nebulization and one that received nebulization with chest physiotherapy...
February 2018: Enfermería Clínica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649917/association-of-obesity-with-healthcare-resource-utilization-and-costs-in-a-commercial-population
#7
Pravin S Kamble, Jennifer Hayden, Jenna Collins, Raymond A Harvey, Brandon Suehs, Andrew Renda, Mette Hammer, Joanna Huang, Jonathan Bouchard
OBJECTIVE: To examine the association of obesity with healthcare resource utilization (HRU) and costs among commercially insured individuals. METHODS: This retrospective observational cohort study used insured individuals' administrative claims from 1/1/2007 to 12/1/2013. The ICD-9-CM status codes (V85 hierarchy) from 2008 to 2012 classified body mass index (BMI) into the World Health Organizations' BMI categories. The date of first observed BMI code was defined as the index date and continuous eligibility for one year pre- and post- index date was ensured...
April 12, 2018: Current Medical Research and Opinion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649895/the-impact-of-overweight-obesity-duration-and-physical-activity-on-medical-multimorbidity-examining-the-watch-paradigm
#8
Scott J Dankel, Jeremy P Loenneke, Paul D Loprinzi
PURPOSE: The "fat-but-fit" paradigm has been evaluated. However, the duration of overweight/obesity within the "fat-but-fit" paradigm (ie, assessing body mass at more than 1 time point) has not been extensively evaluated, which was this study's purpose. DESIGN: Cross-sectional. SETTING: National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2003 to 2006. PARTICIPANTS: Ages 36 to 85; N = 3621. MEASURES: Physical activity assessed via accelerometry...
January 1, 2018: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649579/prognostic-value-of-nutrition-status-in-the-response-of-cardiac-resynchronization-therapy
#9
Belén Alvarez-Alvarez, Javier García-Seara, Moisés Rodríguez-Mañero, Diego Iglesias-Alvarez, Jose L Martínez-Sande, Rosa M Agra-Bermejo, Xesús A Fernández López, Laila González-Melchor, Francisco Gude Sampedro, Carla Díaz-Louzao, José R González-Juanatey
BACKGROUND: Cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) is indicated in symptomatic heart failure (HF) patients after achieving optimal medical therapy. However, there are still a large percentage of patients who do not respond to CRT. Malnutrition is a frequent comorbidity in patients with HF, and it is associated with a poorer prognosis. Here, we evaluate the nutritional status of patients assessed by Controlling Nutritional Status (CONUT) score and its association with structural remodeling and cardiovascular events...
April 9, 2018: Indian Pacing and Electrophysiology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649248/psychological-wellbeing-of-children-at-public-primary-schools-in-jimma-town-an-orphan-and-non-orphan-comparative-study
#10
Muluken Tigistu Hailegiorgis, Tezera Moshago Berheto, Ephrem Lejore Sibamo, Netsanet Abera Asseffa, Gashaw Tesfa, Fitsum Birhanu
INTRODUCTION: Orphans face multiple challenges including insufficient food, shelter, schooling, and medical care. Most research on orphans in developing countries concentrates on nutrition and health status. The present study aims to explore the psychological wellbeing of in-school orphaned and non-orphaned children. METHOD: A comparative cross-sectional study design was used in 370 randomly selected children aged between 10 and 18. Two rosters (one for orphans and one for non-orphans) were created, and then 185 were selected from each roster...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643159/role-of-iodine-containing-multivitamins-during-pregnancy-for-children-s-brain-function-protocol-of-an-ongoing-randomised-controlled-trial-the-swiddich-study
#11
Sofia Manousou, Birgitta Johansson, Anna Chmielewska, Janna Eriksson, Kerstin Gutefeldt, Carl-Johan Tornhage, Robert Eggertsen, Helge Malmgren, Lena Hulthen, Magnus Domellöf, Helena Nystrom Filipsson
INTRODUCTION: Iodine is essential for normal brain development. Moderate and severe fetal iodine deficiency results in substantial to serious developmental delay in children. Mild iodine deficiency in pregnancy is associated with neurodevelopmental deficits in the offspring, but evidence from randomised trials is lacking. The aim of the Swedish Iodine in Pregnancy and Development in Children study is to determine the effect of daily supplementation with 150 µg iodine during pregnancy on the offspring's neuropsychological development up to 14 years of age...
April 10, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29642965/host-symbiont-pathogen-interactions-in-blood-feeding-parasites-nutrition-immune-cross-talk-and-gene-exchange
#12
Filip Husnik
Animals are common hosts of mutualistic, commensal and pathogenic microorganisms. Blood-feeding parasites feed on a diet that is nutritionally unbalanced and thus often rely on symbionts to supplement essential nutrients. However, they are also of medical importance as they can be infected by pathogens such as bacteria, protists or viruses that take advantage of the blood-feeding nutritional strategy for own transmission. Since blood-feeding evolved multiple times independently in diverse animals, it showcases a gradient of host-microbe interactions...
April 12, 2018: Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29642949/estimated-frailty-prevalence-among-israeli-elderly-results-from-a-cross-sectional-national-survey
#13
Assaf Buch, Lital Keinan-Boker, Yitshal Berner, Eli Carmeli, Rebecca Goldsmith, Naftali Stern
BACKGROUND: Increasing longevity presents new social and medical challenges in developed countries. The prevalence of frailty is of interest because of its association with health prognosis and outcomes, but so far there is no single best diagnostic tool for this entity. Therefore, estimated prevalence of frailty in countries varies considerably and ranges between 5% and 58%. In Israel, the nation-wide prevalence of frailty in the elderly population is presently unknown. The objective of our study was to assess the rate of the frailty in elderly Israelis...
April 12, 2018: Israel Journal of Health Policy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629982/end-of-life-care-in-icus-in-east-asia-a-comparison-among-china-korea-and-japan
#14
So Young Park, Jason Phua, Masaji Nishimura, Yiyun Deng, Yan Kang, Keiichi Tada, Younsuck Koh
OBJECTIVES: To compare physicians' perceptions and practice of end-of-life care in the ICU in three East Asian countries cultures similarly rooted in Confucianism. DESIGN: A structured and scenario-based survey of physicians who managed ICU patients from May 2012 to December 2012. SETTING: ICUs in China, Korea, and Japan. SUBJECTS: Specialists who are either intensivists or nonintensivist primary attending physicians in charge of patients (195 in China, 186 in Korea, 224 in Japan)...
April 6, 2018: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629724/born-in-auschwitz-and-survived-a-triumph-over-murderers
#15
George M Weisz, Konrad Kwiet
The discovery of Jewish babies who were born in Nazi concentration camps and survived seems miraculous, but this phenomenon did occur toward the end of World War II. The lives of a small group of mothers and surviving children are of both historical and medical interests. Their survival shows additional support for the hypothesis that maternal nutrition can induce metabolic syndrome and bone demineralization in their offspring. Information obtained through direct contact with some of the surviving children is the basis for this article...
April 2018: Israel Medical Association Journal: IMAJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629388/a-survey-on-scientific-authenticity-of-health-information-in-iranian-popular-magazines-a-case-study
#16
Ourfa Hovsepyan, Firoozeh Zare Farashbandi, Gholamreza Askari, Akbar Hassanzadeh
BACKGROUND: The content of the mass media is a suitable tool for making changes to the society. One of the most read news in the mass media is nutritional information. The goal of this study is to assess the scientific authenticity of such information published in Iranian popular magazines. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study is a qualitative study (content analysis) and uses bibliographic approach. A researcher-designed checklist is used as data gathering tool, and the statistical population included the messages obtained from the printed material in 173 volumes of 8 Iranian popular magazines...
2018: Journal of Education and Health Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629367/perspectives-from-the-third-international-summit-on-medical-nutrition-education-and-research
#17
Jennifer Jean Crowley, Celia Laur, Harrison David Edward Carter, Glenys Jones, Sumantra Ray
Nutrition is an important component of public health and health care, including in education and research, and in the areas of policy and practice. This statement was the overarching message during the third annual International Summit on Medical Nutrition Education and Research, held at Wolfson College, University of Cambridge, United Kingdom, in August 2017. This summit encouraged attendees to think more broadly about the impact of nutrition policy on health and communities, including the need to visualize the complete food system from "pre-farm to post-fork...
2018: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628208/complex-gastroschisis-clinical-spectrum-and-neonatal-outcomes-at-a-referral-center
#18
Pablo Laje, Maria V Fraga, William H Peranteau, Holly L Hedrick, Nahla Khalek, Juliana S Gebb, Julie S Moldenhauer, Mark P Johnson, Alan W Flake, N Scott Adzick
AIM OF THE STUDY: To evaluate the outcomes of neonates with complex gastroschisis (GC), and correlate outcomes with each type of complication. METHODS: Retrospective review of patients with complex GC owing to prenatal and/or postnatal abdominal complications; 2008-2016. Primary outcomes: time to discontinue parenteral nutrition (off-PN), length of stay (LOS) and neonatal survival. MAIN RESULTS: We treated 58 patients with complex gastroschisis owing to abdominal complications, which were: intestinal necrosis at birth (n=9), intestinal atresia (n=16), medical necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) (n=15), surgical NEC (n=1), in utero volvulus (n=1), vanishing gastroschisis (n=2), severe intestinal dysmotility (n=1), delayed abdominal closure (n=3), abdominal compartment syndrome (n=2) and hiatal hernia/severe gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD; n=11)...
March 14, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627447/gestational-diabetes-mellitus-multi-disciplinary-treatment-approaches
#19
Evangelia Kintiraki, Dimitrios G Goulis
Gestational Diabetes Mellitus (GDM) is the most common metabolic disease of pregnancy, associated with several perinatal complications. Adequate glycemic control has been proved to decrease risk of GDM-related complications. Several studies have shown the beneficial effect of exercise and medical nutrition treatment on glycemic and weight control in GDM-affected women. Moreover, pharmacological agents, such as insulin and specific oral anti-diabetic agents can be prescribed safely during pregnancy, decreasing maternal blood glucose and, thus, perinatal adverse outcomes...
April 5, 2018: Metabolism: Clinical and Experimental
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627032/factors-associated-with-distal-symmetric-polyneuropathies-in-adult-zambians-a-cross-sectional-observational-study-of-the-role-of-hiv-non-antiretroviral-medication-exposures-and-nutrition
#20
Michelle Kvalsund, Takondwa Chidumayo, Johanna Hamel, David Herrmann, Douglas Heimburger, Amanda Peltier, Gretchen Birbeck
BACKGROUND: Non-antiretroviral (ART) drug exposures and poor nutrition may be important modifiable risk factors for distal symmetric polyneuropathies (DSP) in sub-Saharan Africa. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study of DSP prevalence and factors associated with DSP among clinic attendees in urban and rural Zambia. All participants underwent neurologist-performed examination. Laboratory investigations seeking comorbid risk factors for DSP were performed for DSP cases...
May 15, 2018: Journal of the Neurological Sciences
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