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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052046/headache-and-pregnancy-a-systematic-review
#1
A Negro, Z Delaruelle, T A Ivanova, S Khan, R Ornello, B Raffaelli, A Terrin, U Reuter, D D Mitsikostas
This systematic review summarizes the existing data on headache and pregnancy with a scope on clinical headache phenotypes, treatment of headaches in pregnancy and effects of headache medications on the child during pregnancy and breastfeeding, headache related complications, and diagnostics of headache in pregnancy. Headache during pregnancy can be both primary and secondary, and in the last case can be a symptom of a life-threatening condition. The most common secondary headaches are stroke, cerebral venous thrombosis, subarachnoid hemorrhage, pituitary tumor, choriocarcinoma, eclampsia, preeclampsia, idiopathic intracranial hypertension, and reversible cerebral vasoconstriction syndrome...
October 19, 2017: Journal of Headache and Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051674/mediterranean-diet-and-prevention-of-chronic-diseases
#2
Donato F Romagnolo, Ornella I Selmin
A large body of research data suggests that traditional dietary habits and lifestyle unique to the Mediterranean region (Mediterranean diet, MD) lower the incidence of chronic diseases and improve longevity. These data contrast with troubling statistics in the United States and other high income countries pointing to an increase in the incidence of chronic diseases and the projected explosion in cost of medical care associated with an aging population. In 2013, the MD was inscribed by UNESCO in the "Representative List of the Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity...
September 2017: Nutrition Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050682/effect-of-exceptional-parental-longevity-and-lifestyle-factors-on-prevalence-of-cardiovascular-disease-in-offspring
#3
Sriram Gubbi, Elianna Schwartz, Jill Crandall, Joe Verghese, Roee Holtzer, Gil Atzmon, Rebecca Braunstein, Nir Barzilai, Sofiya Milman
Offspring of parents with exceptional longevity (OPEL) manifest lower prevalence of cardiovascular disease (CVD), but the role of lifestyle factors in this unique cohort is not known. Our study tested whether OPEL have lesser prevalence of CVD independent of lifestyle factors. Prevalence of CVD and CVD risk factors was assessed in a population of community-dwelling Ashkenazi Jewish adults aged 65 to 94 years. Participants included OPEL (n = 395), defined as having at least 1 parent living past the age of 95 years, and offspring of parents with usual survival (OPUS, n = 450), defined as having neither parent survive to 95 years...
September 18, 2017: American Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050650/glycaemic-response-after-intake-of-a-high-energy-high-protein-diabetes-specific-formula-in-older-malnourished-or-at-risk-of-malnutrition-type-2-diabetes-patients
#4
Hamid Laksir, Mirian Lansink, Sophie C Regueme, Johan de Vogel-van den Bosch, Andreas F H Pfeiffer, Isabelle Bourdel-Marchasson
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Several studies with diabetes-specific formulas (DSFs) for hyperglycaemic patients in need of nutritional support have been conducted in non-malnourished patients, mainly comparing products with varying macronutrient compositions. Here, the effect of a high energy, high protein DSF on postprandial responses was compared to a product with a similar macronutrient composition in malnourished or at risk of malnutrition patients with type 2 diabetes. METHODS: In this randomised, double-blind cross-over study, 20 patients were included...
October 6, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046259/assessing-the-impact-of-quality-improvement-measures-on-catheter-related-blood-stream-infections-and-catheter-salvage-experience-from-a-national-intestinal-failure-unit
#5
A Bond, A Teubner, M Taylor, C Cawley, A Abraham, M Dibb, P R Chadwick, M Soop, G Carlson, S Lal
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Prevention of catheter related blood stream infections (CRBSI) and salvage of infected central venous catheters (CVC) are vital to maintaining long term venous access in patients needing home parenteral nutrition (HPN). It remains unclear as to whether patients are best trained for catheter care at home or in hospital or whether CRBSIs are lower if the patient self-cares for the CVC. Furthermore, there is minimal data on the longer term outcome following salvage of infected catheter and limited consensus on agreed protocols for catheter salvage...
October 10, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046067/making-food-aid-fit-for-purpose-in-the-21st-century-a-review-of-recent-initiatives-improving-the-nutritional-quality-of-foods-used-in-emergency-and-development-programming
#6
Patrick Webb, Kristine Caiafa, Shelley Walton
Important strides have been made recently in upgrading the global food aid agenda in line with evolving medical and nutrition sciences, operational experience, and innovations in food technology. A 2011 report endorsed by the United States Agency for International Development (USAID) recommended numerous improvements to products intended to support improved survival and nutrition in humanitarian programming, as well as greater rigor and transparency in the research agenda that supports innovations in this critical field...
January 1, 2017: Food and Nutrition Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045423/candidemia-in-non-icu-surgical-wards-comparison-with-medical-wards
#7
Antonio Vena, Emilio Bouza, Maricela Valerio, Belén Padilla, José Ramón Paño-Pardo, Mario Fernández-Ruiz, Ana Díaz Martín, Miguel Salavert, Alessandra Mularoni, Mireia Puig-Asensio, Patricia Muñoz
Candidemia acquired outside critical care or hematological areas has received much attention in recent years; however, data on candidemia in surgical departments are very scarce. Our objectives were to describe episodes of candidemia diagnosed in surgical wards and to compare them with episodes occurring in medical wards. We performed a post hoc analysis of a prospective, multicenter study implemented in Spain during 2010-2011 (CANDIPOP project). Of the 752 episodes of candidemia, 369 (49.1%) occurred in patients admitted to surgical wards (165, 21...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045268/early-nutrition-intervention-attenuates-weight-gain-for-pediatric-acute-lymphoblastic-leukemia-patients-in-maintenance-therapy
#8
Rachel Hill, Tyler Hamby, Lisa Bashore, Stefanie Rapisand, Kari Galipp, Kenneth Heym, W Paul Bowman
Obesity following treatment of pediatric acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) has become a significant long-term concern. Excessive weight gain often occurs during treatment, particularly during induction and the first 6 months of maintenance therapy, and it may be potentially modifiable. This retrospective study aimed to evaluate the impact of an early, 3-visit nutrition intervention on weight gain during maintenance therapy in ALL patients. Medical records of the intervention group were compared with historical controls who were treated on the same ALL treatment protocols during an earlier time period...
October 17, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Hematology/oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044338/nutritional-profile-of-hemodialysis-patients-concerning-treatment-time
#9
Livia de Almeida Alvarenga, Bárbara Danelon Andrade, Michelle Andrade Moreira, Roberto de Paula Nascimento, Isabela Dariú Macedo, Aline Silva de Aguiar
INTRODUCTION: The mortality of the population with chronic kidney disease (CKD) on hemodialysis (HD) is very high and the protein-energy malnutrition stands out as one of the most common consequences in relation to this condition. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the association between time of hemodialysis and nutritional parameters of patients. METHODS: It is a cross-sectional study with secondary data, developed of the University Hospital of the Federal University of Juiz de Fora (HU/UFJF)...
July 2017: Jornal Brasileiro de Nefrologia: ʹorgão Oficial de Sociedades Brasileira e Latino-Americana de Nefrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043569/nutritional-support-and-parenteral-nutrition-in-cancer-patients-an-expert-consensus-report
#10
REVIEW
J A Virizuela, M Camblor-Álvarez, L M Luengo-Pérez, E Grande, J Álvarez-Hernández, M J Sendrós-Madroño, P Jiménez-Fonseca, M Cervera-Peris, M J Ocón-Bretón
BACKGROUND: Malnutrition is a frequent medical problem of cancer patients that negatively impacts their quality of life. METHODS: A multidisciplinary group of experts in Medical Oncology, Pharmacy, and Nutrition convened to discuss the management of the nutritional support in cancer patients. RESULTS: Of the 18 questions addressed, 9 focused on nutritional support, 5 were related to parenteral nutrition (PN) and 4 about home PN (HPN). The panel of experts recommends using nutritional screening routinely, at diagnosis and throughout the disease course, for detecting the risk of malnutrition and, if it is positive, to perform a complete nutritional assessment, to diagnose malnutrition...
October 17, 2017: Clinical & Translational Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043285/the-relationship-between-health-locus-of-control-and-health-behaviors-in-emergency-medicine-personnel
#11
Mansour Pourhoseinzadeh, Mahin Gheibizadeh, Mehrnaz Moradikalboland
BACKGROUND: Health locus of control defined as individual beliefs based on past experiences in health issues and having external or internal control over them, could affect health. Health locus of control plays a role in health behaviors. We aimed to investigate the relationship between health locus of control and health behavior in emergency medical personnel in Ahvaz during 2016. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional descriptive study, which began in August 2016 for a period of six months on 215 emergency medical personnel in Ahvaz who were selected randomly...
October 2017: International Journal of Community Based Nursing and Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038708/factors-affecting-the-choice-of-type-of-delivery-with-breast-feeding-in-iranian-mothers
#12
Farangis Sharifi, Soheila Nouraei, Nader Sharifi
OBJECTIVE: This study assessed the factors affecting the choice of type of delivery with breast feeding in Iranian mothers. METHODS: This Cross section descriptive analytic study was performed using a random sampling technique, using data from 400 pregnant women who attended the maternity centers in Borazjan and Kazerun in Iran in 2014. A questionnaire covering demographic characteristics, mode of delivery and postpartum conditions was completed for each mother...
September 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038694/dietary-habits-physical-activity-and-diabetes-perception-among-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-in-tabuk-city-saudi-arabia
#13
Nadiyah Abdullah Al-Mountashiri, Amal Mohammad Al-Zhrani, Shereen Fawzy Hafez Ibrahim, Hyder Othman Mirghani
BACKGROUND: Medical nutritional therapy is an important aspect of diabetes care, there is an increasing awareness of breakfast skipping, late dinner and meal contents on diabetes control. AIM: To assess dietary habits, physical activity and diabetes perception among patients with type 2 diabetes. METHODS: This case-control study was conducted among patients with diabetes mellitus at the diabetes center in Tabuk City, Saudi Arabia during the period from March through June 2017...
September 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036366/accounting-for-selectivity-bias-and-correlation-across-the-sequence-from-elevated-blood-pressure-to-hypertension-diagnosis-and-treatment
#14
Penny Gordon-Larsen, Samantha M Attard, Annie Green Howard, Barry M Popkin, Bing Zhang, Shufa Du, David K Guilkey
BACKGROUND: It is unknown whether efforts to reduce hypertension burden in countries with very high prevalence, would be more effective if directed at hypertension diagnosis vs. treatment. Most analyses do not address bias and correlation across the sequence from elevated blood pressure (BP) to hypertension diagnosis and treatment, leading to potentially misleading findings. METHODS: Using data spanning 18 years of the China Health and Nutrition Survey (n = 18,926; ages 18-75 years), we used an innovative 3-step, integrated system of equations to predict the sequence from: (i) elevated BP (systolic/diastolic BP ≥ 140/90 mm Hg) to (ii) diagnosed hypertension conditional on elevated BP, and to (iii) treatment (medication use) conditional on diagnosis, accounting for measured and unmeasured individual- and community-level confounders at each of the 3 steps...
September 26, 2017: American Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036350/prevalence-of-hypertension-defined-by-central-blood-pressure-measured-using-a-type-ii-device-in-a-nationally-representative-cohort
#15
Shao-Yuan Chuang, Hsing-Yi Chang, Hao-Min Cheng, Wen-Harn Pan, Chen-Huan Chen
Objectives: Central blood pressure (BP) can be used to define hypertension. A central BP approach may be more sensitive than a conventional brachial BP approach in detecting hypertension. We aimed to compare the two approaches in estimating the prevalence hypertension in a nationally representative population. Methods: A total of 2742 adults older than 19 years participated in the 2013-2016 National Nutrition and Health Survey in Taiwan. Central and brachial BP were simultaneously measured using a cuff-based stand-alone central BP monitor purporting to measure invasive central BP (Type II device)...
October 5, 2017: American Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035175/lifestyle-medicine-a-brief-review-of-its-dramatic-impact-on-health-and-survival
#16
Balazs I Bodai, Therese E Nakata, William T Wong, Dawn R Clark, Steven Lawenda, Christine Tsou, Raymond Liu, Linda Shiue, Neil Cooper, Michael Rehbein, Benjamin P Ha, Anne Mckeirnan, Rajiv Misquitta, Pankaj Vij, Andrew Klonecke, Carmelo S Mejia, Emil Dionysian, Sean Hashmi, Michael Greger, Scott Stoll, Thomas M Campbell
By ignoring the root causes of disease and neglecting to prioritize lifestyle measures for prevention, the medical community is placing people at harm. Advanced nations, influenced by a Western lifestyle, are in the midst of a health crisis, resulting largely from poor lifestyle choices. Epidemiologic, ecologic, and interventional studies have repeatedly indicated that most chronic illnesses, including cardiovascular disease, cancer, and type 2 diabetes, are the result of lifestyles fueled by poor nutrition and physical inactivity...
2017: Permanente Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034240/dark-chocolate-opportunity-for-an-alliance-between-medical-science-and-the-food-industry
#17
Ivan M Petyaev, Yuriy K Bashmakov
Dark chocolate (DC) was originally introduced in human nutrition as a medicinal product consumable in a liquid form. Century-long efforts of food industry transformed this hardly appealing product into a valuable modern culinary delight with clear predominance of confectionery brands of DC on the market. However, current epidemiological data as well as multiple experimental and clinical observations reveal that DC consumption may have a profound effect on cardiovascular, central nervous systems, hemostasis, and lipid metabolism...
2017: Frontiers in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034041/successful-endovascular-repair-of-mycotic-aortic-pseudoaneurysm-followed-by-aortoesophageal-fistula
#18
Seiichi Yamaguchi, Hideki Ueda, Hisanori Fujita, Shigeyasu Takeuchi
Mycotic aneurysm of the aorta is a rare, but life-threatening pathology. In recent years, endovascular stent graft placement has been introduced as an effective alternative for treating infected aortic aneurysms. A 64-year-old woman with a history of paraplegia due to spinal cord injury was referred to our institute with fever and blood-tinged sputum. Computed tomography (CT) scan showed an 11-cm pseudoaneurysm arising from the proximal descending aorta, which was normal 1 month ago at the previous CT scan...
June 25, 2017: Annals of Vascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031341/nutritional-needs-of-the-older-adult
#19
REVIEW
Melissa Bernstein
Older adults are particularly vulnerable to compromised nutritional status. With advancing age, the consumption of a high-quality, nutritionally dense diet is increasingly essential to optimize health and well-being. Proportionally, macronutrient needs for older adults are similar to younger adults, however overall calorie requirements tend to decline with age. Unique factors influencing food intake should be considered and individualized guidance should be designed to help overcome medical, physical, and social barriers to a healthy diet...
November 2017: Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030560/risk-of-sarcopenia-and-osteoporosis-in-male-tuberculosis-survivors-korea-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey
#20
Chang-Jin Choi, Whan-Seok Choi, Churl-Min Kim, Sook-Young Lee, Kyung-Soo Kim
Short-term prospective studies have suggested that pulmonary tuberculosis (TB) preludes permanent loss of lean tissue and fat mass even when TB treatment is effective. The aim of this study was to estimate the risk of sarcopenia and osteoporosis among Korean male TB survivors. Data of the population-based, Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES) (2008-2011) were analyzed, including 3,228 males aged 50 years or older who underwent chest X-ray (CXR) and dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry (DEXA)...
October 13, 2017: Scientific Reports
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