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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28941358/rates-of-vaccination-against-streptococcus-pneumoniae-in-cochlear-implant-patients
#1
Anna Piotrowska, Iwona Paradowska-Stankiewicz, Henryk Skarżyński
BACKGROUND Streptococcus pneumoniae can cause life-threatening illness, with invasive pneumococcal diseases (IPD) like meningitis, sepsis, bacteremic pneumonia, and bacteremia being major causes of morbidity and mortality. Studies have shown that patients who have had a cochlear implant, particularly children, have an increased risk of bacterial (pneumococcal) meningitis. Vaccination in patients with cochlear implants is important and recommended universally. The World Health Organization recommends the use of pneumococcal conjugate vaccines in all countries and considers their use to be a priority in all national immunization programs...
September 23, 2017: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938644/intravascular-ultrasound-guidance-in-drug-eluting-stents-implantation-a-meta-analysis-and-trial-sequential-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#2
Cheng Qian, Hong Feng, Jianlei Cao, Guangyu Zhang, Yanggan Wang
OBJECTIVE: Previous evidence suggested that intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) guidance could improve outcomes after drug-eluting stents (DES) placement, largely driven by data from observational studies. We, therefore, performed a meta-analysis and trial sequential analysis of randomized controlled trials to overcome this limitation. RESULTS: The retrieval process yielded 7 RCTs with 3,192 patients. Compared to the angiography guidance, IVUS-guided DES implantation was associated with a significant reduction in the major adverse cardiac events (MACE) (OR 0...
August 29, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938612/magnetic-resonance-imaging-tracking-and-assessing-repair-function-of-the-bone-marrow-mesenchymal-stem-cells-transplantation-in-a-rat-model-of-spinal-cord-injury
#3
Hongwu Zhang, Liqin Wang, Shihong Wen, Qingfeng Xiang, Xianhong Xiang, Caixia Xu, Yong Wan, Jingnan Wang, Bin Li, Yiqian Wan, Zhiyun Yang, David Y B Deng
The transplantation of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) to repair spinal cord injury (SCI) has become a promising therapy. However, there is still a lack of visual evidence directly implicating the transplanted cells as the source of the improvement of spinal cord function. In this study, BMSCs were labeled with NF-200 promoter and lipase-activated gadolinium-containing nanoparticles (Gd-DTPA-FA). Double labeled BMSCs were implanted into spinal cord transaction injury in rat models in situ, the function recovery was evaluated on 1st, 7th, 14th, 28 th days by MRI, Diffusion Tensor Imaing, CT imaging and post-processing, and histological observations...
August 29, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938498/-loudness-optimized-registration-of-compound-action-potential-in-cochlear-implant-recipients
#4
Klaus Berger, Thomas Hocke, Horst Hessel
Background Postoperative measurements of compound action potentials are not always possible due to the insufficient acceptance of the CI-recipients. This study investigated the impact of different parameters on the acceptance of the measurements. Methods Compound action potentials of 16 CI recipients were measured with different pulse-widths. Recipients performed a loudness rating at the potential thresholds with the different sequences. Results Compound action potentials obtained with higher pulse-widths were rated softer than those obtained with smaller pulse-widths...
September 22, 2017: Laryngo- Rhino- Otologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938408/pioneer-factors-foxa1-and-foxa2-assist-selective-glucocorticoid-receptor-signaling-in-human-endometrial-cells
#5
Shannon Whirledge, Edwina P Kisanga, Robert N Taylor, John A Cidlowski
Successful pregnancy relies on dynamic control of cell signaling in order to achieve uterine receptivity and the necessary biological changes required for endometrial decidualization, embryo implantation, and fetal development. Glucocorticoids are master regulators of intracellular signaling and can directly regulate embryo implantation and endometrial remodeling during murine pregnancy. In immortalized human uterine cells, we have shown that glucocorticoids and estradiol co-regulate thousands of genes. Recently, glucocorticoids and estradiol were shown to co-regulate the expression of Left-right determination factor 1 (LEFTY1), previously implicated in the regulation of decidualization...
August 29, 2017: Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938400/il-1%C3%AE-inhibits-connexin-43-and-disrupts-decidualization-of-human-endometrial-stromal-cells-through-erk1-2-and-p38-map-kinase
#6
Jie Yu, Sarah L Berga, Wei Zou, D Grace Yook, Joshua C Pan, Aurora Arroyo Andrade, Lijuan Zhao, Neil Sidell, Indrani C Bagchi, Milan K Bagchi, Robert N Taylor
Inflammation can interfere with endometrial receptivity. We examined how IL-1β affects expression of the uterine gap junction protein, Cx43, which is known to be critical for embryonic implantation. We used an in vitro model of human endometrial stromal cells (ESC), Western blotting and a combination of validated, selective kinase inhibitors to evaluate five canonical IL-1β signaling pathways. Cx43 and two other markers of ESC differentiation (prolactin and VEGF) were inhibited predominantly via IL-1β-activated ERK1/2 and p38 MAP kinase cascades...
September 11, 2017: Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938377/long-term-stability-of-keratometry-scheimpflug-derived-true-net-power-and-total-corneal-refractive-power-after-primary-pterygium-excision
#7
Ka Wai Kam, Timothy A Kuan, Michael W Belin, Alvin L Young
PURPOSE: To evaluate long-term changes in mean keratometry, astigmatism, true net power (TNP), and total corneal refractive power (TCRP) of corneas after primary pterygium excision. METHODS: This is a prospective observational series conducted at a tertiary teaching hospital eye center in Hong Kong. A total of 31 eyes of 31 patients with primary pterygium excision were included. Patients with recurrent or double-headed pterygia or a history of corneal scars from previous trauma, infection, or surgery were excluded...
September 21, 2017: Cornea
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938375/difficult-implant-removals
#8
Amy Voedisch, Michele Hugin
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Subdermal contraceptive implant insertions have rapidly increased worldwide. These devices are usually removed 3-5 years after insertion. Although removals are generally straightforward, difficult removals can occur. This review discusses the overall approach to potentially problematic removals and the appropriate steps to avoid complications and safely remove implants. RECENT FINDINGS: Given the rapid uptake of contraceptive implants and subsequent need for removals, an Implants Removal Task Force was formed to create standard protocols for difficult implant removals worldwide...
September 21, 2017: Current Opinion in Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938360/implant-porosity-and-the-foreign-body-response
#9
Sumanas W Jordan, Jennifer E Fligor, Lindsay E Janes, Gregory A Dumanian
The biocompatibility of prosthetic mesh is dependent on a number of physicochemical properties that ultimately incite an optimal foreign body response (FBR). The magnitude and character of the FBR directly affect the clinical success of the hernia repair, with too little scar resulting in bulge or hernia recurrence and too much scar causing mesh wrinkling and pain. Moreover, it is important to consider the effect of a sustained FBR and scar remodeling on the combined strength of the mesh-tissue construct over time...
September 15, 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938354/is-rotation-a-concern-with-anatomical-breast-implants-a-statical-analysis-of-factors-predisposing-to-rotation
#10
Javier Vera Cucchiaro
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 18, 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938349/reply-breast-implant-associated-anaplastic-large-cell-lymphoma-in-australia-and-new-zealand-high-surface-area-textured-implants-are-associated-with-increased-risk
#11
A K Deva
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 16, 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938348/-impact-of-evolving-radiation-therapy-techniques-on-implant-based-breast-reconstruction
#12
Federico Lo Torto, Paola Parisi, Donato Casella, Giuseppe Di Taranto, Emanuele Cigna, Diego Ribuffo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 16, 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938347/global-adverse-event-reports-of-breast-implant-associated-alcl-an-international-review-of-40-government-authority-databases
#13
Damián Palafox
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 16, 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938346/re-breast-implant-associated-anaplastic-large-cell-lymphoma-in-australia-and-new-zealand-high-surface-area-textured-implants-are-associated-with-increased-risk
#14
Tim Brown
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 16, 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938345/re-letter-to-editor-for-global-adverse-event-reports-of-breast-implant-associated-alcl-an-international-review-of-40-government-authority-databases-plast-reconst-surg-2017-139-1029-1039
#15
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938330/temporal-scalp-thickness-body-mass-index-and-suprafascial-placement-of-receiver-coil-of-the-cochlear-implant
#16
Orhan Ozturan, Alper Yenigun, Erol Senturk, Omer Faruk Calim, Fadlullah Aksoy, Sabri Baki Eren
OBJECTIVE: The objectives of this study are to demonstrate the relationship between the thickness of the temporal scalp and body mass index (BMI), age, and sex, and to present the surgical technique which we perform in patients with a thick scalp. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a retrospective, cross-sectional study. This study was performed in a tertiary referral center. Cranial computed tomography images of 469 subjects were included in the study. These subjects were evaluated according to BMI, age, and sex...
September 21, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938315/proteus-syndrome-with-a-cranial-intraosseous-lipoma
#17
Erik M Wolfswinkel, Thomas A Imahiyerobo, J Gordon McComb, Pedro A Sanchez-Lara, Mark M Urata
Intraosseous lipomas are almost exclusively seen in the long bones. Presence in the craniofacial skeleton is extremely rare. A 7-year-old male is presented with a marked craniofacial deformation from a bony tumor containing an intraosseous lipoma. This finding established a clinical diagnosis of Proteus syndrome. Given the size of the tumor, producing an extensive deformity, three-dimensional modeling was used to generate a three-dimensional printed implant. The process to achieve a successful outcome is herein described...
September 21, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938307/design-and-development-of-a-miniaturized-percutaneously-deployable-wireless-left-ventricular-assist-device-early-prototypes-and-feasibility-testing
#18
Brian Letzen, Jiheum Park, Zeynep Tuzun, Pramod Bonde
The current left ventricular assist devices (LVADs) are limited by a highly invasive implantation procedure in a severely unstable group of advanced heart failure patients. Additionally, the current transcutaneous power drive line acts as a nidus for infection resulting in significant morbidity and mortality. In an effort to decrease this invasiveness and eliminate drive line complications, we have conceived a wireless miniaturized percutaneous LVAD, capable of being delivered endovascularly with a tether-free operation...
September 21, 2017: ASAIO Journal: a Peer-reviewed Journal of the American Society for Artificial Internal Organs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938306/different-clinical-course-and-complications-in-interagency-registry-for-mechanically-assisted-circulatory-support-1-patients-managed-with-or-without-extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation
#19
Jason J Han, Jennifer Chung, Carol W Chen, Ann C Gaffey, Alex Sotolongo, Christyna Justice, Alyse E Ameer, J Eduardo Rame, Christian Bermudez, Michael A Acker, Pavan Atluri
Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) as a bridge to left ventricular assist device (LVAD) implantation has shown promise in improving end-organ function and optimizing outcomes in some critically ill patients, but the practice remains controversial. Retrospective review of patients who received LVADs from May 2008 to September 2016 at a high-volume, tertiary care cardiovascular center was performed. Subjects were Interagency Registry for Mechanically Assisted Circulatory Support (INTERMACS) class 1 patients divided into ECMO bridge and non-ECMO bridge cohorts...
September 21, 2017: ASAIO Journal: a Peer-reviewed Journal of the American Society for Artificial Internal Organs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938285/invited-commentary-related-to-intramedullary-implant-choice-and-costin-the-treatment-of-pediatric-diaphyseal-forearm-fractures
#20
Charles T Mehlman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
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