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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551970/symphysis-fundus-measurement-the-predictive-value-of-a-new-reference-curve
#1
Aase Serine Devold Pay, J Frederik Frøen, Anne Cathrine Staff, Bo Jacobsson, Håkon K Gjessing
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Tidsskrift for Den Norske Lægeforening: Tidsskrift for Praktisk Medicin, Ny Række
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551904/-unknown-title
#2
Moshe Shiller, Vladimir Gens, Ganem Kassem, Wisam Sbeit
BACKGROUND: The relationships between physicians and patients are very complex. One of their principles is to receive informed consent from the patient. This principle facilitates patient autonomy. The physician must explain to the patient: his condition, treatment alternatives, stating the advantages and disadvantages of each option, to enable the patient to choose between them. There are various attitudes towards the health system as a result of different cultures in different societies...
May 2017: Harefuah
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551883/chemical-fractionation-and-mobility-of-traffic-related-elements-in-road-environments
#3
Ewa Adamiec
Due to considerable progress in exhaust control emission technology and extensive regulatory work regarding this issue, non-exhaust sources of air pollution have become a growing concern. This research involved studying three types of road environment samples such as road dust, sludge from storm drains and roadside soil collected from heavily congested and polluted cities in Poland (Krakow, Warszawa, Opole and Wroclaw). Particles below 20 µm were examined since it was previously estimated that this fine fraction of road dust is polluted mostly by metals derived from non-exhaust sources of pollution such as brake linings wear...
May 27, 2017: Environmental Geochemistry and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551882/medical-geology-of-endemic-goiter-in-kalutara-sri-lanka-distribution-and-possible-causes
#4
G W A R Fernando, P L C L Liyanage, Anushka Upamali Rajapaksha, Meththika Vithanage
This study assesses the distribution of goiter in the Kalutara District, Sri Lanka in order to find causative factors for the occurrence of goiter even after the salt iodization. A questionnaire survey was conducted at the household level and at the same time iodine and selenium levels of the water sources were analyzed. Questionnaire survey results indicated the highest numbers of goiter patients in the northern part where the lowest were found in the southern sector which may be due to the presence of acid sulfate soils...
May 27, 2017: Environmental Geochemistry and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551848/mri-features-of-pediatric-intracranial-germ-cell-tumor-subtypes
#5
Chih-Chun Wu, Wan-Yuo Guo, Feng-Chi Chang, Chao-Bao Luo, Han-Jui Lee, Yi-Wei Chen, Yi-Yen Lee, Tai-Tong Wong
Intracranial germ cell tumors differ in histology and location, and require different clinical management strategies. We characterized the imaging features that may aid pre-operative differentiation of intracranial germinomas and non-germinomatous germ cell tumors (NGGCTs). This retrospective study analyzed 85 patients with intracranial germ cell tumors and adequate preoperative or pretreatment MRIs between 2000 and 2013 at our institution. Pretreatment MRI characteristics, apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) values, tumor histopathology, and patient outcomes were compared...
May 27, 2017: Journal of Neuro-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551840/pregnancy-after-endometrial-scratching-in-infertile-couples-undergoing-ovulation-induction-and-intrauterine-insemination-cycles-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#6
Tuhina Goel, Reeta Mahey, Neerja Bhatla, Mani Kalaivani, Sangeeta Pant, Alka Kriplani
PURPOSE: To study the effect of endometrial scratching in infertile couples undergoing ovulation induction and intrauterine insemination (IUI) cycles. METHODS: A prospective randomized controlled trial was conducted in the Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, AIIMS, New Delhi, India. One hundred forty-four women with primary/secondary infertility were recruited. Couples were either unexplained or male factor infertility. Subjects were randomized into intervention (scratching) and control group...
May 27, 2017: Journal of Assisted Reproduction and Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551834/increased-bone-tracer-uptake-in-symptomatic-patients-with-acl-graft-insufficiency-a-correlation-of-mri-and-spect-ct-findings
#7
Dominic T Mathis, Anna Hirschmann, Anna L Falkowski, Tommi Kiekara, Felix Amsler, Helmut Rasch, Michael T Hirschmann
PURPOSE: Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and single-photon emission computerised tomography/computerised tomography (SPECT/CT) are used as diagnostic tools in symptomatic patients after reconstruction of the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL). The benefit of SPECT/CT in comparison with MRI is under debate. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether and how bone tracer uptake (BTU) intensity and distribution in SPECT/CT correlate with MRI findings in symptomatic patients after ACL reconstruction...
May 27, 2017: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551823/indirect-comparisons-of-the-efficacy-of-biological-agents-in-patients-with-active-ankylosing-spondylitis-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#8
Patompong Ungprasert, Patricia J Erwin, Matthew J Koster
Patients with ankylosing (AS) often do not have a satisfactory response to, or could not tolerate, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs). Several biologic agents are available for such patients. However, the comparative efficacy of these treatments remains unknown as head-to-head randomized controlled trials (RCTs) are not available. RCTs examining the efficacy of biologic agents in patients with AS who had inadequate response to, or could not tolerate, NSAIDs were identified. If at least two RCTs were available for a given biologic agent, the pooled odds ratio (OR) and 95% confidence interval (CI) of achieving 20% improvement according to the Ankylosing Spondylitis Assessment Study group response criteria 20 (ASAS20) across trials were calculated...
May 28, 2017: Clinical Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551817/discovery-of-novel-inhibitors-for-leishmania-nucleoside-diphosphatase-kinase-ndk-based-on-its-structural-and-functional-characterization
#9
Arjun K Mishra, Nidhi Singh, Pragati Agnihotri, Shikha Mishra, Saurabh P Singh, Bala K Kolli, Kwang Poo Chang, Amogh A Sahasrabuddhe, M I Siddiqi, J Venkatesh Pratap
Nucleoside diphosphate kinases (NDKs) are ubiquitous enzymes that catalyze the transfer of the γ-phosphate moiety from an NTP donor to an NDP acceptor, crucial for maintaining the cellular level of nucleoside triphosphates (NTPs). The inability of trypanosomatids to synthesize purines de novo and their dependence on the salvage pathway makes NDK an attractive target to develop drugs for the diseases they cause. Here we report the discovery of novel inhibitors for Leishmania NDK based on the structural and functional characterization of purified recombinant NDK from Leishmania amazonensis...
May 27, 2017: Journal of Computer-aided Molecular Design
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551786/mitochondrial-bioenergetics-during-ischemia-and-reperfusion
#10
Alicia E Consolini, María I Ragone, Patricia Bonazzola, Germán A Colareda
During ischemia and reperfusion (I/R) mitochondria suffer a deficiency to supply the cardiomyocyte with chemical energy, but also contribute to the cytosolic ionic alterations especially of Ca(2+). Their free calcium concentration ([Ca(2+)]m) mainly depends on mitochondrial entrance through the uniporter (UCam) and extrusion in exchange with Na(+) (mNCX) driven by the electrochemical gradient (ΔΨm). Cardiac energetic is frequently estimated by the oxygen consumption, which determines metabolism coupled to ATP production and to the maintaining of ΔΨm...
2017: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551773/should-physicians-tell-the-truth-without-taking-social-complications-into-account-a-striking-case
#11
Ercan Avci
The principle of respect for autonomy requires informing patients adequately and appropriately about diagnoses, treatments, and prognoses. However, some clinical cases may cause ethical dilemmas regarding telling the truth. Under the existence especially of certain cultural, social, and religious circumstances, disclosing all the relevant information to all pertinent parties might create harmful effects. Even though the virtue of telling the truth is unquestionable, sometimes de facto conditions compel physicians to act paternalistically to protect the patient/patients from imminent dangers...
May 27, 2017: Medicine, Health Care, and Philosophy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551764/autofluorescence-spectroscopy-for-nerve-sparing-laser-surgery-of-the-head-and-neck-the-influence-of-laser-tissue-interaction
#12
Florian Stelzle, Maximilian Rohde, Max Riemann, Nicolai Oetter, Werner Adler, Katja Tangermann-Gerk, Michael Schmidt, Christian Knipfer
The use of remote optical feedback systems represents a promising approach for minimally invasive, nerve-sparing laser surgery. Autofluorescence properties can be exploited for a fast, robust identification of nervous tissue. With regard to the crucial step towards clinical application, the impact of laser ablation on optical properties in the vicinity of structures of the head and neck has not been investigated up to now. We acquired 24,298 autofluorescence spectra from 135 tissue samples (nine ex vivo tissue types from 15 bisected pig heads) both before and after ER:YAG laser ablation...
May 27, 2017: Lasers in Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551746/occurrence-removal-and-risk-assessment-of-antibiotics-in-12-wastewater-treatment-plants-from-dalian-china
#13
Xin Zhang, Hongxia Zhao, Juan Du, Yixuan Qu, Chen Shen, Feng Tan, Jingwen Chen, Xie Quan
In this study, the occurrence and removal efficiencies of 31 antibiotics, including 11 sulfonamides (SAs), five fluoroquinolones (FQs), four macrolides (MLs), four tetracyclines (TCs), three chloramphenicols (CAPs), and four other antibiotics (Others), were investigated in 12 municipal wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs) in Dalian, China. A total of 29 antibiotics were detected in wastewater samples with the concentration ranging from 63.6 to 5404.6 ng/L. FQs and SAs were the most abundant antibiotic classes in most wastewater samples, accounting for 42...
May 28, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551740/changes-of-foraging-patch-selection-and-utilization-by-a-giant-panda-after-bamboo-flowering
#14
Guochun Li, Huadong Song, Latifa A A Altigani, Xueli Zheng, Shuhai Bu
The bamboo flowering leads to the habitat fragmentation and food quality decline of a giant panda. Few empirical research has been conducted about the giant panda's response to the bamboo flowering. Here, we investigated the characteristics of bamboo stands, giant panda's activity, and selection and utilization of bamboo stands by giant panda in Taibaishan National Nature Reserve, China, over a 3-year period (September 2013-May 2016) during the Fargesia qinlingensis flowering period. Our results indicated that the proportion of whole bamboo stands flowering has gradually expanded from 26...
May 27, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551739/agricultural-waste-derived-fuel-from-oil-meal-and-waste-cooking-oil
#15
Fang-Chih Chang, Ming-Jer Tsai, Chun-Han Ko
Oil meal is a by-product of the oil industry (peanut meal, sesame meal, and camellia meal). Oil is extracted from seeds, and the leftover meal is then pelletized, and this process generates a large amount of waste oil meal in Taiwan. In this study, peanut meal, sesame meal, and camellia meal derived fuels were prepared from the waste oil meal with waste cooking oil. The combustion behaviors of the oil meal derived fuels were also investigated. The characteristics of the derived fuel made from oil meal with waste cooking oil showed that the ash content is less than 10% and its calorific value reached 5000 kcal/kg...
May 27, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551732/bradyrhizobium-brasilense-sp-nov-a-symbiotic-nitrogen-fixing-bacterium-isolated-from-brazilian-tropical-soils
#16
Elaine Martins da Costa, Amanda Azarias Guimarães, Rayssa Pereira Vicentin, Paula Rose de Almeida Ribeiro, Aniele Carolina Ribas Leão, Eduardo Balsanelli, Liesbeth Lebbe, Maarten Aerts, Anne Willems, Fatima Maria de Souza Moreira
Four strains of rhizobia isolated from nodules of Vigna unguiculata (UFLA03-321(T), UFLA03-320 and UFLA03-290) and Macroptilium atropurpureum (UFLA04-0212) in Brazilian soils were previously reported as a new group within the genus Bradyrhizobium. To determine their taxonomic position, these strains were characterized in this study using a polyphasic approach. The analysis of the 16S rRNA gene grouped the four strains with Bradyrhizobium pachyrhizi PAC48(T). However, the concatenated sequence analysis of the two (recA and glnII) or three (atpD, gyrB and recA) housekeeping genes indicated that these strains represent a novel species of Bradyrhizobium, which is very closely related to B...
May 27, 2017: Archives of Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551731/perceptions-of-chaplains-value-and-impact-within-hospital-care-teams
#17
Christopher J L Cunningham, Mukta Panda, Jeremy Lambert, Greg Daniel, Kathleen DeMars
Many scholars have written about the role of spirituality in health care. One mechanism for incorporating spirituality into the care of patients is to integrate clinically trained chaplains into hospital care teams. We examined in a mixed-methods fashion, the effects of this type of integrated care team within a teaching hospital setting. The quality and impact of chaplain involvement were studied from patient and physician-in-training perspectives, using data from more than 200 patients and physicians in training...
May 27, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551718/pelvic-artery-aneurysm-screening-provides-value-in-patients-with-thoracic-aortic-aneurysms
#18
Matthew Chapman, Leslie E Quint, Kuanwong Watcharotone, Bin Nan, Michael J Ranella, Mariana R DeFreitas, Joanna R Hider, Jonathan L Eliason, Himanshu J Patel
Approximately ¼ of patients with thoracic aortic aneurysms (TAAs) have concomitant abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAAs), thereby justifying the addition of an abdominal CT scan to a chest CT scan in patients with a newly diagnosed or suspected TAA. However, the prevalence of pelvic artery aneurysms (PAAs) in these patients is unknown. The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of PAAs in patients with TAAs and to assess what patient specific factors were associated with PAAs, thereby providing insight into the usefulness of pelvic imaging in TAA patients...
May 27, 2017: International Journal of Cardiovascular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551711/why-are-most-phospholipidosis-inducers-also-herg-blockers
#19
Svetoslav Slavov, Iva Stoyanova-Slavova, Shuaizhang Li, Jinghua Zhao, Ruili Huang, Menghang Xia, Richard Beger
Recent reports have noted that a number of compounds that block the human Ether-à-go-go related gene (hERG) ion channel also induce phospholipidosis (PLD). To explore a hypothesis explaining why most PLD inducers are also hERG inhibitors, a modeling approach was undertaken with data sets comprised of 4096 compounds assayed for hERG inhibition and 5490 compounds assayed for PLD induction. To eliminate the chemical domain effect, a filtered data set of 567 compounds tested in quantitative high-throughput screening (qHTS) format for both hERG inhibition and PLD induction was constructed...
May 27, 2017: Archives of Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551701/innervation-of-the-male-breast-psychological-and-physiological-consequences
#20
REVIEW
Laurent Misery, Matthieu Talagas
Breasts, including the nipple and areola, have two functions: lactation and as an erogenous area. Male breasts are much less studied that those of women. In men, breasts have only an erotic function. Because there is dense and very well organized innervation of the nipple-areola complex in men, nipple erection occurs frequently and via different mechanisms from penile erection. Although it seems to be less important for men than for women and it is poorly studied, the erotic value of breast stimulation is notable...
May 27, 2017: Journal of Mammary Gland Biology and Neoplasia
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