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#1
Markus O Scheinhardt, Tamara Lerman, Inke R König, Georg Griesinger
STUDY QUESTION: What is the performance of previously established regression models in predicting low and high ovarian response to 150 μg corifollitropin alfa/GnRH-antagonist ovarian stimulation in an independent dataset? SUMMARY ANSWER: The outcome of ovarian stimulation with 150 μg corifollitropin alfa in a fixed, multiple dose GnRH-antagonist protocol can be validly predicted using logistic regression models with AMH being of paramount importance. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Predictors of ovarian response have been identified in FSH/GnRH agonist protocols as well as ovarian stimulation with corifollitropin alfa/GnRH-antagonist...
July 10, 2018: Human Reproduction
#2
Cetin Kurnaz, Begum Korunur Engiz, Ugur Kose
As a result of the drastic increase in the number of mobile device users, there is considerable public debate about possible health hazards especially due to base stations and Wi-Fi access points. For this reason, in this study the effects of the number of users in a base station and wireless fidelity (Wi-Fi) access point on electric field strength (E) levels were investigated using real-time measurements. Two-stage E measurements were performed on Ondokuz Mayıs University's (OMU) Kurupelit Campus with a PMM-8053 and SRM-3006 electromagnetic field (EMF) meter...
July 10, 2018: Radiation Protection Dosimetry
#3
Argelinda Baroni, Oliviero Bruni
July 10, 2018: Sleep
#4
Federico Sirri, Marco Zampiga, Francesca Soglia, Adele Meluzzi, Claudio Cavani, Massimiliano Petracci
In the past years, consumers' concerns about sustainability and animal welfare have increased, strengthening the demand for eggs and meat produced through alternative and extensive farming methods. In addition, producers have also become increasingly interested in the recovery and exploitation of local breeds due to their adaptability to local environmental conditions, to valorize the biodiversity and to provide added value to typical products. Among the Italian local breeds, Romagnola has almost risked extinction and currently is reared in small-scale farms for eggs and meat production...
July 11, 2018: Poultry Science
#5
Mostefa Moubri, Christophe Burucoa, Nicolas Kalach, R Rezki Larras, Nouria Nouar, Fawsia Mouffok, Zakia Arrada
We aimed to evaluate in an Algerian pediatric population the diagnostic performances of the IDEIA HpStAR noninvasive stool antigen test (Oxoid, Cambridge, UK) to detect Helicobacter pylori infection before and after eradication therapy. A prospective study including 158 symptomatic Algerian children was conducted. Patients were initially diagnosed with invasive (culture, histology, and rapid urease test) and noninvasive tests (urea breath test and IDEIA HpStAR test). Infected patients were treated, and 101 were controlled after treatment with two invasive (culture and histology) and two noninvasive tests (urea breath test and IDEIA HpStAR test)...
July 10, 2018: Journal of Tropical Pediatrics
#6
A Campabadal, B Segura, H C Baggio, A Abos, C Uribe, A I Garcia-Diaz, M J Marti, F Valldeoriola, Y Compta, N Bargallo, C Junque
Objective: The University of Pennsylvania Smell Identification Test (UPSIT) is the most commonly used test to detect olfactory impairment in Parkinson's disease (PD), but the cut-off score for clinical purposes is often difficult to establish because of age and sex effects. The current work aims to study the sensitivity and specificity of the UPSIT Spanish version and its accuracy in discriminating PD patients at different age groups from healthy controls (HC), and to perform an item analysis...
July 11, 2018: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
#7
Loredana Tarraran, Roberto Mazzoli
Lactic acid bacteria (LAB) have a long history in industrial processes as food starters and biocontrol agents, and also as producers of high-value compounds. Lactic acid, their main product, is among the most requested chemicals because of its multiple applications, including the synthesis of biodegradable plastic polymers. Moreover, LAB are attractive candidates for the production of ethanol, polyhydroalkanoates, sweeteners and exopolysaccharides. LAB generally have complex nutritional requirements. Furthermore, they cannot directly ferment inexpensive feedstocks such as lignocellulose...
August 1, 2018: FEMS Microbiology Letters
#8
Wenjian Bi, Yun Li, Matthew P Smeltzer, Guimin Gao, Shengli Zhao, Guolian Kang
It has been well acknowledged that methods for secondary trait (ST) association analyses under a case-control design (ST$_{\text{CC}}$) should carefully consider the sampling process to avoid biased risk estimates. A similar situation also exists in the extreme phenotype sequencing (EPS) designs, which is to select subjects with extreme values of continuous primary phenotype for sequencing. EPS designs are commonly used in modern epidemiological and clinical studies such as the well-known National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute Exome Sequencing Project...
July 11, 2018: Biostatistics
#9
Christie Jackson, Brandon J Weiss, Marylene Cloitre
Introduction: Group Skills Training in Affective and Interpersonal Regulation (STAIR) is an evidence-based, manualized treatment for individuals with post-traumatic stress symptoms, that focuses on improving functioning through mood management (e.g., emotion regulation) and relationship skills development. To date, no study has evaluated the potential benefit of group STAIR among Veterans. Feasibility of delivering STAIR in a mixed-gender group format and the potential impact of gender on outcome were examined...
July 11, 2018: Military Medicine
#10
Manoranjan Muthusamy, Omar Wani, Alma Schellart, Simon Tait
Exponential wash-off models are the most widely used method to predict sediment wash-off from urban surfaces. In spite of many studies, there is still a lack of knowledge on the effect of external drivers such as rainfall intensity and surface slope on wash-off predictions. In this study, a more physically realistic "structure" is added to the original exponential wash-off model (OEM) by replacing the invariant parameters with functions of rainfall intensity and catchment surface slope, so that the model can better represent catchment and rainfall conditions without the need for lookup tables and interpolation/extrapolation...
June 12, 2018: Water Research
#11
Yan Jin, Hangzhou Xu, Chunxia Ma, Jiongming Sun, Hongmin Li, Shasha Zhang, Haiyan Pei
Removing harmful cyanobacteria intact by coagulation can prevent cell lysis and toxin release, which provides many benefits for drinking water production, including reduction of the burden on subsequent processes and guaranteeing the water quality. But the electronegativity and buoyancy of cyanobacterial cells make them settle slowly and their accumulation and concentration in flocs would still have severe adverse effects. In this study, we introduced a photocatalyst powder to act as a ballasting agent in the coagulation process and to degrade the cells and cyanotoxins during sludge storage...
July 7, 2018: Water Research
#12
Zhiqiang Dong, Yuping Qiu, Wen Zhang, Zhenglong Yang, Li Wei
A series of one-dimensional column experiments were conducted to investigate the transport and retention of micron-sized plastic spheres (MPs) with diameters of 0.1-2.0 μm in seawater-saturated sand. In seawater with salinity of 35 PSU (practical salinity units), the mass percentages recovered from the effluent (Meff ) of the larger MPs increased from 13.6% to 41.3%, as MP size decreased from 2.0 μm to 0.8 μm. This occurred because of the gradual reduction of physical straining effect of MPs in the pores between sands...
July 4, 2018: Water Research
#13
Xiaopeng Bai, Guanghui Wang, Yue Sun, Yan Yu, Jude Liu, Decheng Wang, Zhiqin Wang
The mechanism of rod-milling combined with torrefaction as well as its effects on physicochemical and fuel properties of wheat straw were investigated. Rod-milling and hammer-milling samples were torrefied under three temperatures (250, 275, and 300 °C) with a duration time of 30 min. The results indicated that combined rod-milling and torrefaction pretreatment (CRT) significantly elevated carbon content, higher heating value, fuel ratio, and reduced oxygen content and atomic H/C and O/C ratios in wheat straw...
July 7, 2018: Bioresource Technology
#14
Rosanna Ciriello, Francesca De Gennaro, Silvio Frascaro, Antonio Guerrieri
An amperometric biosensor based on an l-lysine-α-oxidase (LO) layer immobilized by co-crosslinking onto the surface of an overoxidized polypyrrole modified Pt electrode (Pt/oPPy) and able to analyse l-lysine (Lys) in untreated human serum is described. The sensing electrode has been characterised and a proper enzyme kinetics optimisation permits to use a low specific enzyme as LO from Trichoderma viride for the selective biorecognition of Lys in the presence of other interferent amino acids; a kinetics study of LO evidenced also the allosteric behaviour of this enzyme, a kinetic feature which was never reported before for this enzyme...
July 6, 2018: Bioelectrochemistry
#15
Sophie Sixou, Katharina Müller, Stéphan Jalaguier, Christina Kuhn, Nadia Harbeck, Doris Mayr, Jutta Engel, Udo Jeschke, Nina Ditsch, Vincent Cavaillès
New markers are needed to improve diagnosis and to personalize treatments for patients with breast cancer (BC). Receptor-interacting protein of 140 kDa (RIP140) and ligand-dependent corepressor (LCoR), two transcriptional co-regulators of estrogen receptors, strongly interact in BC cells. Although their role in cancer progression has been outlined in the last few years, their function in BC has not been elucidated yet. In this study, we investigated RIP140 and LCoR localization (cytoplasm vs nucleus) in BC samples from a well-characterized cohort of patients (n = 320)...
July 11, 2018: Translational Oncology
#16
Guoguang Rong, James W Palko, Diego I Oyarzun, Chi Zhang, Jacob Hämmerle, Mehdi Asheghi, Kenneth E Goodson, Juan G Santiago
The in-plane permeability of porous thin films is an important fluid mechanical property that determines wicking and pressure-driven flow behavior in such materials. This property has so far been challenging to measure directly due to the small sidewall cross-sectional area of thin films available for flow. In this work, we propose and experimentally demonstrate a novel technique for directly measuring in-plane permeability of porous thin films of arbitrary thicknesses, in situ, using a manifold pressed to the top surface of the film...
May 22, 2018: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
#17
Jiaqiang Liao, Huifang Yu, Wei Xia, Bin Zhang, Bin Lu, Zhongqiang Cao, Shengwen Liang, Ke Hu, Shunqing Xu, Yuanyuan Li
BACKGROUND: Gestational weight gain (GWG) is increasingly reported to be associated with adverse birth outcomes. However, the effect of PM2.5 exposure during pregnancy on GWG is unknown. OBJECTIVES: We investigated the associations between the exposure to PM2.5 and GWGs during three pregnancy trimesters based on a prospective birth cohort. METHODS: Data were obtained from 2029 pregnant women who participated in a birth cohort between January 2013 and October 2014 in Wuhan, China...
July 11, 2018: Environment International
#18
Kai-Uwe Goss, Lukas Linden, Nadin Ulrich, Christian Schlechtriem
Current bioaccumulation regulation is focused on bioconcentration in fish. An extension to terrestrial mammals, e.g. rat, is urgently needed but will have to use a different metric, most likely the BMF. While both metrics are thermodynamically not equivalent the regulative testing requirements for both might be reduced to the investigation of the respective elimination rate constants k2 for fish or rat. These k2 values could be derived from animal tests or from in vitro - in vivo extrapolation and could be combined with estimated uptake rate constants to yield either a BCF or a BMF value...
July 5, 2018: Chemosphere
#19
Shanpeng Li, Yun Zhang, Xiaoxiao Dou, Pingcheng Zuo, Jianlin Liu
With the evolution for several millions of years, leeches have developed a perfect capability to resist mechanical loads, which provides many inspirations to engineer new materials and new devices. To uncover the mechanism of its strong survival ability, several mechanical approaches, such as compression, tension, adhesion, impact and blood suction experiments were tried. Our experimental results show that a leech (Hirudo nipponia) can surprisingly withstand a compressive force of nearly 106 times its body weight...
July 2, 2018: Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials
#20
H Holly Wang, Junhong Chen, Junfei Bai, John Lai
Meat is a perishable food which appears in the market in a variety of forms. Using a choice experiment survey conducted across four Chinese cities, this paper studies consumers' preferences for packaging and preservation methods and place of origin for fresh pork. Results showed that Chinese consumers preferred chilled and locally produced pork packaged in plastic. They discounted frozen and imported pork more than hot pork. Consumers believed that meat, which had been frozen or preserved over a long period, was not as fresh...
June 28, 2018: Meat Science
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