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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453817/endocrine-and-psychological-aspects-of-sexual-dysfunction-in-klinefelter-patients
#1
A Ferlin, R Selice, S Angelini, M Di Grazia, N Caretta, F Cavalieri, A Di Mambro, C Foresta
Klinefelter syndrome is a frequent cause of hypogonadism, but despite hundreds of publications on different aspects of Klinefelter syndrome, only a few studies dealt with sexual dysfunction. In particular, testosterone is critical for various aspects of sexual response, but its role on sexuality in Klinefelter syndrome patients is debatable and no studies have evaluated the efficacy of testosterone treatment on sexual dysfunction in these subjects. Furthermore, the impact of psychological and relational aspects on sexual function of Klinefelter syndrome subjects is poorly defined...
February 17, 2018: Andrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453202/management-of-endocrine-disease-hyperandrogenic-states-in-women-pitfalls-in-laboratory-diagnosis
#2
Michel Pugeat, Ingrid Plotton, Aude Brac de la Perrière, Gerald Raverot, Henri Déchaud, Véronique Raverot
Measuring total testosterone level is the first-line approach in assessing androgen excess in women. The main pitfalls in measuring testosterone relate to its low concentration and to the structural similarity between circulating androgens and testosterone, requiring accurate techniques with high specificity and sensitivity. These goals can be achieved by immunoassay using a specific anti-testosterone monoclonal antibody, ideally after an extraction step. Liquid chromatography coupled to tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) will be commonly used for measuring testosterone, providing optimal accuracy with a low limit of detection...
February 16, 2018: European Journal of Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453177/association-of-dioxin-exposure-and-reproductive-hormone-levels-in-men-living-near-the-bien-hoa-airbase-vietnam
#3
Hoang Van Luong, Pham The Tai, Muneko Nishijo, Do Minh Trung, Pham Ngoc Thao, Pham Van Son, Nguyen Van Long, Nguyen Tung Linh, Hisao Nishijo
Dioxins are endocrine-disrupting chemicals, and their effects on reproductive functions are well-documented. The aim of the present study was to measure the levels of reproductive hormones in 42 men residing near a dioxin-contaminated area in Vietnam. We measured levels of 17 2,3,7,8-substituted congeners of polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins (PCDDs) and polychlorinated dibenzofurans (PCDFs) and four non-ortho polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) in blood. Levels of follicle-stimulating hormone, luteinizing hormone, progesterone, prolactin, estradiol, and total testosterone were measured in serum...
February 13, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449314/vitamin-d-pcos-and-androgens-in-men-a-systematic-review
#4
Christian Trummer, Stefan Pilz, Verena Schwetz, Barbara R Obermayer-Pietsch, Elisabeth Lerchbaum
BACKGROUND: Accumulating evidence from animal and human studies suggests that vitamin D is involved in many functions of the reproductive system in both genders. AIM: The aim of this review was to provide an overview on the effects of vitamin D on polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) in women and androgen metabolism in men. METHODS: We performed a systematic literature search in Pubmed for relevant English language publications published from January 2012 until July 2017...
February 15, 2018: Endocrine Connections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29442076/erectile-dysfunction-is-associated-with-subclinical-carotid-vascular-disease-in-young-men-lacking-widely-known-risk-factors
#5
Feng-Juan Yao, Ya-Dong Zhang, Zi Wan, Wei Li, Hong Lin, Chun-Hua Deng, Yan Zhang
This study aimed to gain insight into the underlying pathogenesis of erectile dysfunction in young men under the age of 40 years without widely-known risk factors. Compared with normal controls, patients with erectile dysfunction had increased carotid intima-media thickness, fasting levels of blood glucose and insulin, and homeostatic model assessment index, as well as lower flow-mediated vasodilation and testosterone levels (P < 0.05), though all of these values were within their respective normal range...
February 9, 2018: Asian Journal of Andrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29441000/self-confidence-overconfidence-and-prenatal-testosterone-exposure-evidence-from-the-lab
#6
Patricio S Dalton, Sayantan Ghosal
This paper examines whether foetal testosterone exposure predicts the extent of confidence and over-confidence in own absolute ability in adulthood. To study this question, we elicited incentive-compatible measures of confidence and over-confidence in the lab and correlate them with measures of right hand 2D:4D, used as as a marker for the strength of prenatal testosterone exposure. We provide evidence that men with higher prenatal testosterone exposure (i.e., low 2D:4D ratio) are less likely to set unrealistically high expectations about their own performance...
2018: Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29438723/discovery-and-development-of-odm-204-a-novel-nonsteroidal-compound-for-the-treatment-of-castration-resistant-prostate-cancer-by-blocking-the-androgen-receptor-and-inhibiting-cyp17a1
#7
REVIEW
Riikka Oksala, Anu Moilanen, Reetta Riikonen, Petteri Rummakko, Arja Karjalainen, Mikko Passiniemi, Gerd Wohlfahrt, Päivi Taavitsainen, Chira Malmström, Meri Ramela, Hanna-Maija Metsänkylä, Riikka Huhtaniemi, Pekka J Kallio, Mika Vj Mustonen
We report the discovery of a novel nonsteroidal dual-action compound, ODM-204, that holds promise for treating patients with castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC), an advanced form of prostate cancer characterised by high androgen receptor (AR) expression and persistent activation of the AR signaling axis by residual tissue androgens. For ODM-204, has a dual mechanism of action. The compound is anticipated to efficiently dampen androgenic stimuli in the body by inhibiting CYP17A1, the prerequisite enzyme for the formation of dihydrotestosterone (DHT) and testosterone (T), and by blocking AR with high affinity and specificity...
February 10, 2018: Journal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29434814/metformin-and-pioglitazone-combination-therapy-ameliorate-polycystic-ovary-syndrome-through-ampk-pi3k-jnk-pathway
#8
Yuanyuan Wu, Pengfen Li, Dan Zhang, Yingpu Sun
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a common gynecological endocrine disorder, which results in health problems such as menstrual disorders, hyperandrogenism and persistent anovulation. Hyperandrogenism and insulin resistance are the basic characteristics of PCOS. To investigate the combined effect of metformin and pioglitazone on POCS and the potential mechanisms, a rat model of PCOS was established by intramuscular injection of estradiol valerate (EV). The effect of metformin and pioglitazone monotherapy or combination therapy in control rats and PCOS rats was evaluated, involving the testosterone level, follicular development and insulin resistance...
February 2018: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29434234/altered-aspects-of-anxiety-related-behavior-in-kisspeptin-receptor-deleted-male-mice
#9
Sarah Delmas, Robert Porteous, Dave H Bergin, Allan E Herbison
The roles of kisspeptin signaling outside the hypothalamus in the brain are unknown. We examined here the impact of Kiss1r-deletion on hippocampus-related behaviors of anxiety and spatial learning in adult male mice using two mouse models. In the first, global Kiss1r-null and control mice were gonadectomized (GDX KISS1R-KO). In the second, KISS1R signalling was rescued selectively in gonadotropin-releasing hormone neurons to generate Kiss1r-null mice with normal testosterone levels (intact KISS1R-KO). Intact KISS1R-KO rescue mice were found to spend twice as much time in the open arms of the elevated plus maze (EPM) compared to controls (P < 0...
February 12, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433621/effect-of-stevia-rebaudiana-bertoni-extract-on-sexual-dysfunction-in-streptozotocin-induced-diabetic-male-rats
#10
Matin Ghaheri, Shahram Miraghaee, Atefeh Babaei, Bahareh Mohammadi, Danial Kahrizi, Zahra Minoosh Saivosh Haghighi, Gholamreza Bahrami
Stevia rebaudiana Bertoni has been used locally as a non-calorie sweetener in medicine and diabetic diet which claimed to have aphrodisiac properties, although no scientific data of this function have been reported. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of S. rebaudiana extract on sexual dysfunction, testosterone levels and number of Leydig cells in Streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetic male rats. A total of 28 diabetic male rats were randomly divided into 4 groups: diabetic group without any extract and 3 extract groups (5, 50 and 100 mg/kg)...
February 10, 2018: Cellular and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433019/exposure-to-bisphenols-and-parabens-during-pregnancy-and-relations-to-steroid-changes
#11
Lucie Kolatorova, Jana Vitku, Richard Hampl, Karolina Adamcova, Tereza Skodova, Marketa Simkova, Antonin Parizek, Luboslav Starka, Michaela Duskova
BACKGROUND: The harmful effects of endocrine disrupting compounds (EDCs) on human health are generally well-known, and exposure during fetal development may have lasting effects. Fetal exposure to bisphenol A (BPA) has been recently relatively well-studied; however, less is known about alternatives such as bisphenol S (BPS), bisphenol F (BPF) and bisphenol AF (BPAF), which have started to appear in consumer products. Parabens are another widespread group of EDCs, with confirmed transplacental passage...
February 9, 2018: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29432745/potential-testicular-toxicity-of-gentamicin-in-adult-rats
#12
Hamdy A A Aly, Memy H Hassan
Gentamycin is an aminoglycoside antibiotic commonly used against Gram-negative bacteria. This study was designed to investigate the testicular toxicity of gentamicin in adult rats. Gentamicin was given to rats at 0, 60, 80 or 100 mg/kg/day for 10 consecutive days. The absolute weight of testes reduced significantly in relation to the dose, while gentamicin at a dose of 60 mg/kg did not show any significant change in the relative testes weight. Sperm count and motility and daily sperm production decreased in a dose-related manner...
February 9, 2018: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29430971/insulin-like-3-expression-and-fibrosis-induction-after-intra-testicular-injection-of-magnetic-nanoparticles-in-rat-testis-and-the-ameliorative-role-of-echinacea-purpurea-extract
#13
A Awaad, M A Adly, D Hosny
The World Health Organization has approved magnetic nanoparticles (MNP) for use as a contrast agent for magnetic resonance imaging or tumor hyperthermia treatment. MNP are toxic over time after intra-testicular injection. A clear strategy to ameliorate the toxic side effects of MNP in normal tissues after medical application has not yet been developed. We used an extract of Echinacea purpurea (EP) as a natural source of antioxidant and free radical scavenging product for detoxification of MNP in testicular tissues...
February 12, 2018: Biotechnic & Histochemistry: Official Publication of the Biological Stain Commission
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29430665/health-related-physical-fitness-and-quality-of-life-in-men-with-congenital-hypogonadotropic-hypogonadism
#14
K S L Mileski, M Bottaro, L G Grossi-Porto, A Lofrano-Porto
Congenital hypogonadotropic hypogonadism is a rare disorder characterised by impaired testosterone secretion since birth, and represents a valuable model for studying the effects of testosterone replacement therapy (TRT) in humans. This cross-sectional study aimed to investigate all health-related physical fitness (HRPF) components and quality of life in a series of eight men with hypogonadotropic hypogonadism under regular TRT. The study group was compared to a control group of 16 healthy subjects paired for age, body mass index and physical activity...
February 11, 2018: Andrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29425664/topical-testosterone-therapy-adherence-and-outcomes-among-men-with-primary-or-secondary-hypogonadism
#15
Michael Grabner, Zsolt Hepp, Amit Raval, Fang Tian, Mohit Khera
BACKGROUND: Men with primary or secondary hypogonadism (HG) prescribed testosterone therapy (TTh) who terminate treatment early might not obtain the benefit of symptom relief. AIM: To estimate adherence to topical TTh and to compare baseline characteristics and follow-up outcomes between adherent and non-adherent patients in a population of commercially insured US men with primary or secondary HG. METHODS: A retrospective cohort of adult men with primary or secondary HG and initiating topical TTh from 2007 through 2014, with continuous coverage during 12-month baseline and follow-up periods, was identified from a large US health plan...
February 2018: Journal of Sexual Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29424314/pulmonary-delivery-of-triptorelin-loaded-in-pluronic-based-nanomicelles-in-rat-model
#16
Hamed Vakilzadeh, Jaleh Varshosaz, Mohsen Minaiyan
INTRODUCTION: Triptorelin the synthetic analog of gonadotrophin-releasing hormone is used for treatment of sex hormone dependent diseases via parenteral administration. The aim of the present study was investigation the possibility of triptorelin pulmonary delivery and preparation of a pulmonary nanocarrier delivery system for it. METHODS: Triptorelin was loaded in Pluronic-F127 grafted poly (methyl vinyl ether-alt-maleic acid) nanomicelles by direct dissolution method...
February 8, 2018: Current Drug Delivery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29413584/decision-making-financial-risk-aversion-and-behavioral-biases-the-role-of-testosterone-and-stress
#17
John R Nofsinger, Fernando M Patterson, Corey A Shank
We examine the relation between testosterone, cortisol, and financial decisions in a sample of naïve investors. We find that testosterone level is positively related to excess risk-taking, whereas cortisol level is negatively related to excess risk-taking (correlation coefficient [r]: 0.75 and -0.21, respectively). Additionally, we find support for the dual-hormone hypothesis in a financial context. Specifically, the testosterone-to-cortisol ratio is significantly related to loss aversion. Individuals with a higher ratio are 3...
January 27, 2018: Economics and Human Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29412390/growth-hormone-deficiency-with-advanced-bone-age-phenotypic-interaction-between-ghrh-receptor-and-cyp21a2-mutations-diagnosed-by-sanger-and-whole-exome-sequencing
#18
Fernanda A Correa, Marcela M França, Qing Fang, Qianyi Ma, Tania A Bachega, Andresa Rodrigues, Bilge A Ozel, Jun Z Li, Berenice B Mendonca, Alexander A L Jorge, Luciani R Carvalho, Sally A Camper, Ivo J P Arnhold
Isolated growth hormone deficiency (IGHD) is the most common pituitary hormone deficiency and, clinically, patients have delayed bone age. High sequence similarity between CYP21A2 gene and CYP21A1P pseudogene poses difficulties for exome sequencing interpretation. A 7.5 year-old boy born to second-degree cousins presented with severe short stature (height SDS -3.7) and bone age of 6 years. Clonidine and combined pituitary stimulation tests revealed GH deficiency. Pituitary MRI was normal. The patient was successfully treated with rGH...
December 2017: Archives of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29411891/effect-of-gestational-diabetes-mellitus-on-testis-and-pancreatic-tissues-of-male-offspring
#19
G Türk, A Rişvanlı, A O Çeribaşı, M Sönmez, A Yüce, M Güvenç, H Arslan Özkan, N Canlı, M Yaman
The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) on some reproductive characteristics, testicular and pancreatic oxidative status and pancreatic endocrine receptor densities of male offspring at post-pubertal stage. A total of 36 1-day-old Wistar Albino male offspring including 12 pups of nontreated mothers (control group), 14 pups of 40 mg/kg STZ-injected mothers (STZ-40 group) and 10 pups of 60 mg/kg STZ-injected mothers (STZ-60 group) were used. The offspring were euthanised on post-natal day 60, their blood, reproductive organs and pancreatic tissues were obtained and examined...
February 7, 2018: Andrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29408990/leydig-cell-genes-change-their-expression-and-association-with-polysomes-in-a-stage-specific-manner-in-the-adult-mouse-testis
#20
Estela J Jauregui, Debra Mitchell, Savanna M Garza, Traci Topping, Cathryn A Hogarth, Michael D Griswold
Spermatogenesis in mammals occurs in a very highly organized manner within the seminiferous epithelium regulated by different cell types in the testis. Testosterone produced by Leydig cells regulates blood-testis barrier formation, meiosis, spermiogenesis, and spermiation. However, it is unknown whether Leydig cell function changes with the different stages of the seminiferous epithelium. This study utilized the WIN 18,446 and retinoic acid (RA) treatment regime combined with the RiboTag mouse methodology to synchronize male germ cell development and allow for the in vivo mapping of the Leydig cell translatome across the different stages of one cycle of the seminiferous epithelium...
February 2, 2018: Biology of Reproduction
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