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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231425/practice-patterns-regarding-multidisciplinary-cancer-management-and-suggestions-for-further-refinement-results-from-a-national-survey-in-korea
#1
Yun-Gyoo Lee, Sukjoong Oh, Heejin Kimm, Dong-Hoe Koo, Do Yeun Kim, Bong-Seog Kim, Seung-Sei Lee
Purpose: This study was conducted to explore the process and operation of a cancer multidisciplinary team (MDT) after the reimbursement decision in Korea, and to identify ways to overcome the major barriers to effective and sustainable MDTs. Materials and Methods: Approximately 1000 cancer specialists, including medical oncologists, surgical oncologists, radiation oncologists, pathologists, and radiologists in general hospitals in Korea were invited to complete the survey...
February 22, 2017: Cancer Research and Treatment: Official Journal of Korean Cancer Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231285/the-mother-s-autonomy-in-decision-making-madm-scale-patient-led-development-and-psychometric-testing-of-a-new-instrument-to-evaluate-experience-of-maternity-care
#2
Saraswathi Vedam, Kathrin Stoll, Kelsey Martin, Nicholas Rubashkin, Sarah Partridge, Dana Thordarson, Ganga Jolicoeur
OBJECTIVE: To develop and validate a new instrument that assesses women's autonomy and role in decision making during maternity care. DESIGN: Through a community-based participatory research process, service users designed, content validated, and administered a cross-sectional quantitative survey, including 31 items on the experience of decision-making. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: Pregnancy experiences (n = 2514) were reported by 1672 women who saw a single type of primary maternity care provider in British Columbia...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226304/positive-comments-negative-outcomes-the-potential-downsides-of-appearance-related-commentary-in-ethnically-diverse-women
#3
Sylvia Herbozo, Steven D Stevens, Christina P Moldovan, Holly E R Morrell
Although research has shown that appearance-related commentary influences body dissatisfaction and disordered eating, limited research has studied such commentary among ethnically diverse women. The current study examined ethnic group differences in the frequency and impact of appearance-related commentary and associations with body dissatisfaction and eating disorder psychopathology. Participants included 280 undergraduate women aged 18-25 (56.1% European American, 28.6% African American, and 15.3% Latina American)...
February 19, 2017: Body Image
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222878/clinical-complications-and-quality-assessments-with-computer-engineered-complete-dentures-a-systematic-review
#4
REVIEW
Mathew T Kattadiyil, Abdulaziz AlHelal, Brian J Goodacre
STATEMENT OF PROBLEM: Computer-engineered complete dentures (CECDs) have significant potential as shown by recent reports of outcomes and specific applications. An understanding of complications and quality assessment factors associated with CECDs from compiled data is lacking in published reports. PURPOSE: The purpose of this systematic review was to determine the clinical complications and quality assessments related to CECDs. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Electronic searches of publications in English from January 1984 to September 2016 were performed in MEDLINE and Cochrane databases, with the results enriched by manual searches and citation mining to address 2 population intervention comparison outcome (PICO) questions: what are the clinical complications associated with CECDs, and what are the quality assessments with CECDs? RESULTS: A review of 5 selected articles (limited data) on CECDs revealed patient dissatisfaction related to overall outcome (25...
February 17, 2017: Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222721/patient-satisfaction-with-doctor-patient-interactions-a-mixed-methods-study-among-diabetes-mellitus-patients-in-pakistan
#5
Aisha Jalil, Rubeena Zakar, Muhammad Zakria Zakar, Florian Fischer
BACKGROUND: Patient satisfaction with doctor-patient interactions is an indicator of physicians' competence. The satisfaction of diabetes patients is rarely studied in public diabetes clinics of Pakistan. Thus, this study aims to analyse the association between patient satisfaction and five dimensions of medical interaction: technical expertise, interpersonal aspects, communication, consultation time, and access/availability. METHODS: A cross-sectional mixed methods study was conducted during July and August 2015 in the largest public diabetes outpatient clinic in Punjab province...
February 21, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221897/variations-among-physicians-in-hospice-referrals-of-patients-with-advanced-cancer
#6
Xiao Wang, Louise S Knight, Anne Evans, Jiangxia Wang, Thomas J Smith
PURPOSE: The benefits of hospice for patients with end-stage disease are well established. Although hospice use is increasing, a growing number of patients are enrolled for ≤ 7 days, a marker of poor quality of care and patient and family dissatisfaction. In this study, we examined variations in referrals among individuals and groups of physicians to assess a potential source of suboptimal hospice use. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective chart review of 452 patients with advanced cancer referred to hospice from a comprehensive cancer center...
February 21, 2017: Journal of Oncology Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218972/views-of-oral-antibiotics-and-advice-seeking-about-acne-a-qualitative-study-of-online-discussion-forums
#7
M Santer, D Chandler, M Lown, N A Francis, I Muller
BACKGROUND: Acne vulgaris is common and can significantly impair quality of life, yet little is known about patients' understanding of acne and its treatments. Oral antibiotics are widely used for acne, despite concerns about antibiotic resistance. People are increasingly turning to online discussion forums for advice and information on these sites may influence health beliefs and treatment adherence. OBJECTIVE: To explore understandings about the use of oral antibiotics for acne and advice shared amongst messages posted on online forums...
February 20, 2017: British Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217727/assessment-of-parents-perception-of-quality-of-pediatric-oncology-inpatient-care-at-kenyatta-national-hospital
#8
Eunice Mmbone Keiza, Margaret Njambi Chege, Blasio Osogo Omuga
OBJECTIVE: Adequate knowledge of parents' perception of quality of pediatric cancer care helps to identify the areas of care improvement which would contribute to disease outcome in regard to the quality of life and satisfaction with the care provided. The aim of the study was to assess the parents' perception of the quality of Pediatric Oncology Inpatient Care at Kenyatta National Hospital. METHODS: A cross-sectional descriptive quantitative and qualitative study was undertaken using a pretested semi-structured questionnaire and a focused group discussion guide...
January 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Oncology Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215817/free-dermal-fat-graft-reconstruction-of-the-head-and-neck-an-alternate-reconstructive-option
#9
Adam Honeybrook, Sanjay M Athavale, Sanjeet V Rangarajan, Sarah L Rohde, James L Netterville
OBJECTIVES: Ablative procedures of the head and neck often result in significant facial and cervical irregularities and cosmetic asymmetry. The deformity resulting from ablative procedures of the head and neck is a significant source of cosmetic morbidity and postoperative dissatisfaction. Reconstruction of post-ablative defects in the head and neck can employ a broad range of techniques, ranging from primary closure to free tissue transfer. The free dermal fat graft (FDFG) is one such option and has been used to repair volume defects of varying sizes after common head and neck procedures such as parotidectomy...
January 27, 2017: American Journal of Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215287/the-development-of-body-image-and-weight-bias-in-childhood
#10
S J Paxton, S R Damiano
Negative body image attitudes are related to the onset of disordered eating, poor self-esteem, general mental health problems, and obesity. In this chapter, we will review the nature of body image attitudes in girls and boys in early (approximately 3-7 years old) and later childhood (approximately 8-11 years old). The body image attitudes explored in this chapter include body image attitudes related to the self, with a focus on body dissatisfaction, and body image attitudes related to others, with a focus on weight bias...
2017: Advances in Child Development and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215017/scaring-as-a-tool-to-alleviate-crop-damage-by-geese-revealing-differences-between-farmers-perceptions-and-the-scale-of-the-problem
#11
Caroline E Simonsen, Ingunn M Tombre, Jesper Madsen
Expanding populations of farmland foraging geese are causing escalating conflict with agriculture. We used questionnaires to investigate farmers´ perceptions in mid-Norway of spring staging geese and the extent to which they attempt to reduce pasture damage by goose scaring. We predicted farmers' scaring effort (a measure of dissatisfaction) to increase on fields closer to goose roosting sites where goose grazing intensity was highest (measured by dropping counts). Results showed no such relationship, suggesting that farmers' perception of goose use was not linked to actual goose use, but influenced by sociological factors and individual opinion...
March 2017: Ambio
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214726/job-satisfaction-developmental-trajectories-and-health-a-life-course-perspective
#12
Jonathan Dirlam, Hui Zheng
Understanding the health consequence of job dissatisfaction becomes increasingly important because job insecurity, stress and dissatisfaction have significantly increased in the United States in the last decade. Despite the extensive work in this area, prior studies nonetheless may underestimate the harmful effect of job dissatisfaction due to the cross-sectional nature of their data and sample selection bias. This study applies a life-course approach to more comprehensively examine the relationship between job satisfaction and health...
January 24, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212718/a-speech-and-psychological-profile-of-treatment-seeking-adolescents-who-stutter
#13
Lisa Iverach, Robyn Lowe, Mark Jones, Susan O'Brian, Ross G Menzies, Ann Packman, Mark Onslow
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the relationship between stuttering severity, psychological functioning, and overall impact of stuttering, in a large sample of adolescents who stutter. METHOD: Participants were 102 adolescents (11-17 years) seeking speech treatment for stuttering, including 86 boys and 16 girls, classified into younger (11-14 years, n=57) and older (15-17 years, n=45) adolescents. Linear regression models were used to evaluate the relationship between speech and psychological variables and overall impact of stuttering...
March 2017: Journal of Fluency Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212425/job-satisfaction-and-determinant-factors-among-midwives-working-at-health-facilities-in-addis-ababa-city-ethiopia
#14
Eyasu Tamru Bekru, Amsale Cherie, Antehun Alemayehu Anjulo
BACKGROUND: Midwives are the primary source of care and support for mothers and newborns at the most vulnerable time in their lives.The Ethiopian National Reproductive Health Strategy targeted reduction of Maternal Mortality rate to 267/100,000 live births in the years 2006-2015. Midwives play a crucial role in the care of pregnant women, from the first antenatal visit right through to the delivery and the postpartum period. METHODOLOGY: Institution based cross-sectional study was carried out from March 2015 to April 2015 in Addis Ababa city, Ethiopia to assess job satisfaction and its determinants among midwives working at government health facilities...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206777/partner-social-constraints-and-early-stage-breast-cancer-longitudinal-associations-with-psychosexual-adjustment
#15
Emily C Soriano, Amy K Otto, Scott D Siegel, Jean-Philippe Laurenceau
Women with breast cancer (BC) who perceive social constraints on their disclosure of cancer-related concerns are more likely to experience distress and have difficulty adjusting after diagnosis. Much of the existing research on psychosocial adjustment is cross-sectional in nature and an important area of concern that has received little attention is psychosexual adjustment to cancer surgery and treatment. This study examined whether perceived partner social constraints were associated with psychosexual adjustment over time in 108 BC survivors...
February 16, 2017: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203256/the-correlation-of-depression-with-internet-use-and-body-image-in-korean-adolescents
#16
Chang Hoon Lim, Eun Ji Kim, Jong Hyun Kim, Jue Seong Lee, Yoon Lee, Sang Hee Park
PURPOSE: To examine the correlation of depression with Internet use and body image perception, and to analyze the risk factors of depression in a total of 920 students in Seoul, Korea. METHODS: Students were recruited by contacting school principals and teachers and were encouraged to fill out a self-report questionnaire designed specifically for this study in July of 2008. RESULTS: Female participants had an increased risk for depression than did male participants (adjusted odds ratio [aOR], 1...
January 2017: Korean Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202135/discovering-pockets-of-complexity-socioeconomic-status-stress-exposure-and-the-nuances-of-the-health-gradient
#17
Scott Schieman, Jonathan Koltai
One of the most pervasive statements about stratification and health identifies the strong inverse relationship-or gradient-between socioeconomic status (SES) and poor health. We elaborate on the ways that the SES-based gradient in stress exposure contributes to nuances in the SES-health association. In analyses of the 2008 National Study of the Changing Workforce, we find some evidence that the inverse association between SES and health outcomes is finely graded-but several 'pockets of complexity' emerge. First, education and income have different associations with health and well-being...
March 2017: Social Science Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199782/social-independence-among-adult-congenital-heart-disease-patients-in-japan
#18
Ryota Ochiai, Yukitaka Ikeda, Hitoshi Kato, Isao Shiraishi
BACKGROUND: As treatment outcomes for congenital heart disease have improved, the social independence of adult congenital heart disease patients has become a key goal. We aimed to (1) determine the relationship between social independence and psychological profiles in these patients, and (2) identify patient anxieties, difficulties, and demands related to life in society. METHODS: A total of 143 patients aged ≥15 years who had physical disability certificates were selected using a questionnaire distributed by a patients association...
February 15, 2017: Pediatrics International: Official Journal of the Japan Pediatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199538/analysis-of-factors-associated-with-rhytidectomy-malpractice-litigation-cases
#19
Aron Kandinov, Sean Mutchnick, Vaibhuv Nangia, Peter F Svider, Giancarlo F Zuliani, Mahdi A Shkoukani, Michael A Carron
Importance: This study investigates the financial burden of medical malpractice litigation associated with rhytidectomies, as well as factors that contribute to litigation and poor defendant outcomes, which can help guide physician practices. Objective: To comprehensively evaluate rhytidectomy malpractice litigation. Data Sources and Study Selection: Jury verdict and settlement reports related to rhytidectomy malpractice litigations were obtained using the Westlaw Next database...
February 9, 2017: JAMA Facial Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199477/use-of-unsolicited-patient-observations-to-identify-surgeons-with-increased-risk-for-postoperative-complications
#20
William O Cooper, Oscar Guillamondegui, O Joe Hines, C Scott Hultman, Rachel R Kelz, Perry Shen, David A Spain, John F Sweeney, Ilene N Moore, Joseph Hopkins, Ira R Horowitz, Russell M Howerton, J Wayne Meredith, Nathan O Spell, Patricia Sullivan, Henry J Domenico, James W Pichert, Thomas F Catron, Lynn E Webb, Roger R Dmochowski, Jan Karrass, Gerald B Hickson
Importance: Unsolicited patient observations are associated with risk of medical malpractice claims. Because lawsuits may be triggered by an unexpected adverse outcome superimposed on a strained patient-physician relationship, a question remains as to whether behaviors that generate patient dissatisfaction might also contribute to the genesis of adverse outcomes themselves. Objective: To examine whether patients of surgeons with a history of higher numbers of unsolicited patient observations are at greater risk for postoperative complications than patients whose surgeons generate fewer such unsolicited patient observations...
February 15, 2017: JAMA Surgery
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