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Yousef Jaradat, Morten Birkeland Nielsen, Petter Kristensen, Rita Bast-Pettersen
BACKGROUND: Shift work is associated with sleep disturbances, mental health problems, and job dissatisfaction. Disparities between male and female nurses in the effect of shift work on mental distress and job satisfaction have been scarcely studied. We aimed to examine differences between female and male nurses in the associations between shift work and job satisfaction and mental health. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, male and female nurses were recruited to rate their job satisfaction on the Generic Job Satisfaction Scale and to complete the General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-30)...
February 21, 2018: Lancet
Majdi Ashour
BACKGROUND: People living in the Gaza Strip have experienced a protracted political conflict and extreme socioeconomic adversity since 1948. Economic conditions have deteriorated markedly since the onset of the Palestinian Intifada in 1987 and have been exacerbated by the economic siege after 2006. The health system in the Gaza Strip has faced additional challenges. The aim of this study was to assess how Palestinian households in the Gaza Strip experienced health care services during this period of political turmoil, socioeconomic adversity, and challenges to health services...
February 21, 2018: Lancet
Andrew Leung Luk, Adrian Fai To Yau
Background: Overseas studies suggest that 10-20% of doctors are depressed, 30-45% have burnout, and many report dissatisfaction with work-life balance. A local study on public doctors showed that 31.4% of the respondents satisfied the criteria for high burnout. Young, but moderately experienced doctors who need to work shifts appeared most vulnerable. This study aims to explore the experiences of those public doctors who have managed their work difficulties and maintained professional enthusiasm for references in medical education and continuing professional training...
2018: Frontiers in Public Health
Jerel P Calzo, S Bryn Austin, Nadia Micali
Much of the research on sexual orientation disparities in eating disorder behaviors has been conducted in the USA, Canada, and Australia. Data on the associations of sexual orientation and eating disorder symptoms among adolescents in the UK are lacking. Participants were children from the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children, a youth cohort born 1991-1992 (n = 5048; 53% female; 12% sexual minority). Sexual orientation was assessed at 16 years. Eating disorder symptoms were assessed at 14 and 16 years...
March 17, 2018: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
Sophie Emilia Huttmann, Friederike Sophie Magnet, Christian Karagiannidis, Jan Hendrik Storre, Wolfram Windisch
BACKGROUND: Health-related quality of life (HRQL), life satisfaction, living conditions, patients' attitudes towards life and death, expectations, beliefs and unmet needs are all poorly understood aspects associated with patients receiving invasive home mechanical ventilation (HMV) following ICU treatment and unsuccessful weaning. Therefore, the present study aimed to assess (1) HRQL, (2) life satisfaction and (3) patients' perspectives on life and death associated with invasive HMV as the consequence of unsuccessful weaning...
March 16, 2018: Annals of Intensive Care
Anne Causeret, Isabelle Ract, Jérémy Jouan, Thierry Dreano, Mickaël Ropars, Raphaël Guillin
Lesion to subcutaneous nerves is a well-known risk of orthopedic surgery and a significant cause of postoperative pain and dissatisfaction in patients. High-resolution ultrasound can be used to visualize the vast majority of small subcutaneous nerves of the upper and lower limbs. Ultrasound detects nerve abnormalities such as focal hypoechoic thickening, stump neuroma, and scar encasement, and provides information not only about the peripheral nerve itself but also about its relationship to adjacent anatomical structures...
March 16, 2018: Skeletal Radiology
Helen Bould, Bianca De Stavola, Glyn Lewis, Nadia Micali
Previous research on eating disorders, disordered eating behaviours, and whether their prevalence varies across schools, has produced inconsistent results. Our previous work using Swedish record-linkage data found that rates of diagnosed eating disorders vary between schools, with higher proportions of girls and higher proportions of highly educated parents within a school being associated with greater numbers of diagnosed eating disorders. We aimed to extend these findings to a UK population-based sample and hypothesised that a similar association would be evident when studying disordered eating behaviours...
March 15, 2018: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
Nicholas M Pantelides, Jeyaram R Srinivasan
BACKGROUND: Implant rippling is a frequent complication following breast augmentation or implant-based reconstruction and results in significant patient dissatisfaction. Traditionally, the treatment has been to replace the implant, often placing it in a subpectoral pocket to reduce the risk of recurrence. Other techniques, such as increasing the implant size or tightening the capsule, can also be used. Recently, however, there has been much interest in alternative treatments, including fat grafting or insertion of an acellular dermal matrix...
March 15, 2018: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
Stephanie R Filbay, Andrew Judge, Antonella Delmestri, Nigel K Arden
BACKGROUND: One-in-five patients are dissatisfied following knee arthroplasty and <50% have fulfilled expectations. The relationship between knee-arthroplasty expectations and surgical outcome remains unclear. PURPOSE: Are expectations regarding the impact of pain on postoperative life predictive of one-year outcome? Does the impact of pain on preoperative quality of life (QOL) influence this relationship? METHODS: Longitudinal cohort of 1044 uni-compartmental (43%) or total knee-arthroplasty (57%) (UKA or TKA) patients, aged mean 69 ± 9 years...
February 15, 2018: Journal of Arthroplasty
Alexandra N Welz, Agnes Emberger-Klein, Klaus Menrad
BACKGROUND: The use of herbal medicine, as one element of complementary and alternative medicine, is increasing worldwide. Little is known about the reasons for and factors associated with its use. This study derives insights for the use of herbal medicine in Germany regarding the usage aims, role played by the type of illness, reasons for preferred usage and sources of information. METHODS: Using a qualitative methodological approach, six focus groups (n = 46) were conducted...
March 15, 2018: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
Cheng-Chen Pan, Christophe Maïano, Alexandre J S Morin
BACKGROUND: Little research has looked at the associations between sex, weight status and culture, and the physical self-perceptions and body dissatisfaction of individuals with intellectual disabilities (ID) involved in Special Olympics (SO) sports. AIMS: To examine sex- (male vs female), weight status- (non-overweight/obese vs. overweight/obese), and culture-based (North American vs. Asian) differences in physical self-concept and body dissatisfaction among SO athletes...
March 12, 2018: Research in Developmental Disabilities
Duy Vu Tran, Carol S North
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to investigate potential association between psychopathology and subjective evaluation of the experience of debriefing in disaster-exposed rescue and recovery workers. METHODS: Structured diagnostic interviews for DSM-III-R psychiatric disorders were conducted with 166 firefighters who served as rescue and recovery workers for the 1995 Oklahoma City bombing, who categorized their satisfaction with the debriefing on 4 levels...
March 15, 2018: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
John D Pauling, Lesley Ann Saketkoo, Marco Matucci-Cerinic, Francesca Ingegnoli, Dinesh Khanna
RP is the most common manifestation of SSc and a major cause of disease-related morbidity. This review provides a detailed appraisal of the patient experience of SSc-RP and potential implications for disease classification, patient-reported outcome instrument development and SSc-RP clinical trial design. The review explores the clinical features of SSc-RP, the severity and burden of SSc-RP symptoms and the impact of SSc-RP on function, work and social participation, body image dissatisfaction and health-related quality of life in SSc...
March 12, 2018: Rheumatology
Wellington Segheto, Pedro Curi Hallal, João Carlos Bouzas Marins, Danielle Cristina Guimarães da Silva, France Araújo Coelho, Andreia Queiroz Ribeiro, Silvia Helena Oliveira Morais, Giana Zarbato Longo
The objective of this study was to analyze factors associated with the body adiposity index. A population-based, cross-sectional study was conducted with 964 adults between 20 and 59 years of age, in Viçosa, State of Minas Gerais, Brazil. Household questionnaires and anthropometric measurements were applied to obtain data. Multiple analysis was performed using linear regression, adjusted for the sampling design effect. The prevalence of excess body adiposity was 36.89 (CI 30.81 to 43.43), being higher among men (48...
March 2018: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
Jeffrey Pradeep Raj, Shervin Ploriya
Background: An understudied risk factor for overweight/obesity in our population is distorted body image perception where studies from the west have proved a clear association between the two. We therefore aimed to evaluate the same and document the prevalence of overweight/obesity among rehabilitated slum dwellers. Materials and Methods: It was a cross-sectional study conducted during February 2015. The participants were recruited from among permanent residents of Tamil Nadu Slum Clearance Board residential apartment blocks...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
Djoeke Wolff, Henricus B M van de Wiel, Mirthe E de Muinck Keizer, Joost P van Melle, Petronella G Pieper, Rolf M F Berger, Tjark Ebels, Willebrord C M Weijmar Schultz
OBJECTIVE: To get an impression of the quality of life (QOL) and sexual well-being in the Fontan population, and to generate hypotheses for future research. METHODS: For this cross-sectional pilot study, questionnaires regarding health-related QOL, sexual function and fertility/pregnancy were completed by 21 patients with a Fontan circulation >16 years old, followed at the University Medical Center Groningen, the Netherlands. Semi-structured qualitative interviews were conducted in 8 patients...
March 12, 2018: Congenital Heart Disease
Tim Hammond, Mark D Reiss
The term "body eudysmorphia" in the 6th paragraph of this Letter to the Editor incorrectly read "body dysmorphia" in the letter as originally published. The original article has been corrected.
March 12, 2018: Archives of Sexual Behavior
Andrea B Goldschmidt, Ross D Crosby, Li Cao, Markus Moessner, Kelsie T Forbush, Erin C Accurso, Daniel Le Grange
Classifying eating disorders in youth is challenging in light of developmental considerations and high rates of diagnostic migration. Understanding the transactional relationships among eating disorder symptoms, both across the transdiagnostic spectrum and within specific diagnostic categories, may clarify which core eating disorder symptoms contribute to, and maintain, eating-related psychopathology in youth. We utilized network analysis to investigate interrelationships among eating disorder symptoms in 636 treatment-seeking children and adolescents (90...
February 2018: Journal of Abnormal Psychology
Limin Liao, Yao-Chi Chuang, Shih-Ping Liu, Kyu-Sung Lee, Tag Keun Yoo, Romeo Chu, Budiwan Sumarsono, Jian-Ye Wang
OBJECTIVE: Lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) in males can reduce patients' quality of life (QoL) and affect sexual function and satisfaction. Although this has been documented in the US, Canada, Germany, Italy, UK, and Sweden, data are limited on the effects of LUTS on QoL and sexual function in Asian men. The present subgroup analysis of an Internet-based survey correlated the incidence of male LUTS by severity and category with self-assessed QoL and sexual function and satisfaction measures...
March 11, 2018: Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms
Matthew M Hollander, Jason Turowetz
Haslam and Reicher (2018, Br. J. Soc. Psychol., 57, 292-300) offer a thoughtful rejoinder to our critique (Hollander & Turowetz, 2017, Br. J. Soc. Psychol, 56, 655-674) of their theory of engaged followership, currently the most important explanation of 'obedient' behaviour in the Milgram paradigm. Our immersion in Milgram's archived audio recordings has led us to new findings about participants' perspectives, as well as to dissatisfaction with the theory in its present version. Following a brief discussion of our findings, which cast the theory in doubt, we respond to Haslam and Reicher's argument that these data may in fact be consistent with it...
March 12, 2018: British Journal of Social Psychology
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