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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917215/a-pilot-controlled-trial-of-a-cognitive-dissonance-based-body-dissatisfaction-intervention-with-young-british-men
#1
Glen S Jankowski, Phillippa C Diedrichs, Melissa J Atkinson, Helen Fawkner, Brendan Gough, Emma Halliwell
This pilot study evaluated a body image intervention for men, Body Project M. Seventy-four British undergraduate men took part in two 90-min intervention sessions, and completed standardised assessments of body image, bulimic pathology, and related outcomes at baseline, post-intervention, and 3-month follow-up. Fifty-three other men completed the questionnaires as an assessment-only control group. Per-protocol analysis showed that Body Project M improved men's dissatisfaction with body fat and muscularity, body appreciation, muscularity enhancing behaviours, appearance comparisons, and internalization (ds=0...
September 13, 2017: Body Image
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28911977/screening-for-sexual-dissatisfaction-among-people-with-type-2-diabetes-in-primary-care
#2
Anne Bijlsma-Rutte, Annemarie M J Braamse, Patricia van Oppen, Frank J Snoek, Paul Enzlin, Peter Leusink, Giel Nijpels, Petra J M Elders
AIMS: The identification and discussion of sexual care needs in people with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) in primary care is currently insufficient. The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence of sexual dissatisfaction, sexual problems and need for help by using a screening instrument among people with T2DM in primary care. METHODS: Data were collected in 45 general practices in the Netherlands from January 2015 to February 2016. The Brief Sexual Symptom Checklist (BSSC) was used to screen among 40-75 year old men and women...
August 4, 2017: Journal of Diabetes and its Complications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904893/surgical-patient-selection-and-counseling
#3
REVIEW
Matt Ziegelmann, Tobias S Köhler, George C Bailey, Tanner Miest, Manaf Alom, Landon Trost
The objectives of patient selection and counseling are ultimately to enhance successful outcomes. However, the definition for success is often narrowly defined in published literature (ability to complete surgery, complications, satisfaction) and fails to account for patient desires and expectations, temporal changes, natural history of underlying diseases, or independent validation. Factors associated with satisfaction and dissatisfaction are often surgery-specific, although correlation with pre-operative expectations, revisions, and complications are common with most procedures...
August 2017: Translational Andrology and Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898165/internalized-stigma-among-patients-with-substance-use-disorders-at-a-tertiary-care-center-in-india
#4
Siddharth Sarkar, Yatan Pal Singh Balhara, Saurabh Kumar, Vinay Saini, Akriti Kamran, Vaibhav Patil, Swarndeep Singh, Shreeya Gyawali
Internalized stigma among individuals with substance use disorders is a major barrier for accessing mental health services. This study aimed to assess internalized stigma among individuals with substance use disorders and to assess the relationship of internalized stigma with the quality of life. This cross-sectional study recruited 201 patients with a clinical diagnosis of at least opioid or alcohol use disorder according to Diagnostic and Statistical Manual 5 at a public-funded tertiary care center in India...
September 12, 2017: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893767/gps-perceptions-of-resilience-training-a-qualitative-study
#5
Anna Cheshire, John Hughes, George Lewith, Maria Panagioti, David Peters, Chantal Simon, Damien Ridge
BACKGROUND: GPs are reporting increasing levels of burnout, stress, and job dissatisfaction, and there is a looming GP shortage. Promoting resilience is a key strategy for enhancing the sustainability of the healthcare workforce and improving patient care. AIM: To explore GPs' perspectives on the content, context, and acceptability of resilience training programmes in general practice, in order to build more effective GP resilience programmes. DESIGN AND SETTING: This was a qualitative study of the perspectives of GPs currently practising in England...
September 11, 2017: British Journal of General Practice: the Journal of the Royal College of General Practitioners
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893471/illness-perceptions-and-negative-responses-from-medical-professionals-in-patients-with-fibromyalgia-association-with-patient-satisfaction-and-number-of-hospital-visits
#6
Mieko Homma, Hirono Ishikawa, Takahiro Kiuchi
OBJECTIVE: To examine whether illness perceptions among patients with fibromyalgia and negative responses from medical professionals correlate with their satisfaction with their physicians or with their number of hospital visits. METHODS: Questionnaires were sent by post to members of the Japan Fibromyalgia Support Association. Measures collected included, as independent variables, the Brief Illness Perception Questionnaire and the Illness Invalidation Inventory; and as outcomes, the Patient Satisfaction Consultation Questionnaire and the number of hospital visits...
August 30, 2017: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891676/pornography-use-in-sexual-minority-males-associations-with-body-dissatisfaction-eating-disorder-symptoms-thoughts-about-using-anabolic-steroids-and-quality-of-life
#7
Scott Griffiths, Deborah Mitchison, Stuart B Murray, Jonathan M Mond
OBJECTIVE: We examined two hypotheses regarding the potential association of pornography use with body image-related and eating disorder-related psychopathology among sexual minority males (i.e. non-heterosexual males). Our primary hypothesis was that pornography use would be associated with males' body dissatisfaction, eating disorder symptoms, thoughts about using anabolic steroids and quality of life impairment; our secondary hypothesis was that the type of pornography, namely, professional versus amateur pornography, which contains idealised and non-idealised (i...
September 1, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891391/characteristics-of-female-solo-and-female-co-offenders-and-male-solo-sexual-offenders-against-children
#8
Rebecca Williams, Steven M Gillespie, Ian A Elliott, Hilary J Eldridge
Studies have highlighted differences in the victim choice, offender, and offense characteristics of female and male sexual offenders. However, little is known about how solo and co-offending females differ from solo male sexual offenders. We compared the characteristics of 20 solo and 20 co-offending females (co-offended with a male and/or female accomplice), and 40 male sexual offenders against children. We found that solo female offenders showed the most evidence of personal problems, including depression and sexual dissatisfaction...
September 1, 2017: Sexual Abuse: a Journal of Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890922/concept-and-benefits-of-the-inverted-classroom-method-for-a-competency-based-biochemistry-course-in-the-pre-clinical-stage-of-a-human-medicine-course-of-studies
#9
Susanne J Kühl, Matthias Toberer, Oliver Keis, Daniel Tolks, Martin R Fischer, Michael Kühl
Background: Medical students often have a problem recognising the relevance of basic science subjects for their later professional work in the pre-clinical stage of their studies. This can lead to a lower motivation to learn biochemical content and dissatisfaction in the courses amongst the students. Alternative teaching methods such as the Inverted Classroom (IC) method can address this deficiency. The goal of this study was: to analyse the motivation and satisfaction of the students in a biochemistry seminar through the use of the e-learning-based IC method, to investigate the acceptance against the IC teaching method in biochemistry, and to compare the learning success achieved using the IC approach with that of a traditional course...
2017: GMS Journal for Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888049/inter-individual-differences-in-the-intra-individual-association-of-competence-and-well-being-combining-experimental-and-intensive-longitudinal-designs
#10
Andreas B Neubauer, Veronika Lerche, Andreas Voss
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study is to assess whether people differ in the degree to which their well-being is affected by fulfillment of the need for competence. Specifically, we want to examine (a) if inter-individual differences in the within-person coupling of competence satisfaction and well-being (called "competence satisfaction effect"), and of competence dissatisfaction and well-being (called "competence dissatisfaction effect") exist, and (b) if these differences moderate the effects of an experimentally induced frustration of the need for competence...
September 9, 2017: Journal of Personality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886394/challenging-fat-talk-an-experimental-investigation-of-reactions-to-body-disparaging-conversations
#11
Suman Ambwani, Megan Baumgardner, Cai Guo, Lea Simms, Emily Abromowitz
Although "fat talk" is associated with increased eating disorder risk, the predictors of fat talk engagement and viable alternatives to these pervasive conversations remain unclear. The current experiment examined responses to fat talk versus feminist-oriented challenging fat talk scenarios. Undergraduate women (N=283) completed baseline questionnaires assessing body dissatisfaction, fat talk engagement, and positive impression management. One week later, they were randomized to view one of the two scenarios, followed by assessment of mood, fat talk engagement, social acceptability, and social likeability...
September 5, 2017: Body Image
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28877154/a-novel-disease-specific-self-report-instrument-to-measure-body-image-concerns-in-patients-with-head-and-neck-skin-cancer
#12
Brandon T Beal, Emily K White, Anit K Behera, Ashley E McGuinness, Amy E Zavell, Holly Blangger, Eric S Armbrecht, Ian A Maher
BACKGROUND: Skin cancer commonly occurs on areas that are salient to body image perception (i.e., head and neck). Patients with head and neck skin cancer (HNSC) may experience negative body image perceptions related to their disease, which is concerning, given the numerous negative sequelae of poor body image. However, there are no existing disease-specific measures of body image concerns in HNSC. OBJECTIVE: To develop and examine the psychometric properties of a brief self-report, disease-specific measure of body image concerns in patients with HNSC-the Body Image Questionnaire (BIQ)...
September 1, 2017: Dermatologic Surgery: Official Publication for American Society for Dermatologic Surgery [et Al.]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28875137/risk-factor-analysis-of-additional-administration-of-sedative-agent-and-patient-dissatisfaction-in-intravenous-conscious-sedation-using-midazolam-for-third-molar-extraction
#13
Dong-Whan Shin, Jin-Yong Cho, Yoon-Sic Han, Hye-Young Sim, Hee-Sun Kim, Da-Un Jung, Ho Lee
OBJECTIVES: The primary purpose of this study was to investigate the factors related with additional administration of sedative agent during intravenous conscious sedation (IVS) using midazolam (MDZ). The secondary purpose was to analyze the factors affecting patient satisfaction. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Clinical data for 124 patients who had undergone surgical extraction of mandibular third molar under IVS using MDZ were retrospectively investigated in this case-control study...
August 2017: Journal of the Korean Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28874931/congratulations-you-re-pregnant-now-about-your-shifts-the-state-of-maternity-leave-attitudes-and-culture-in-em
#14
Casey Z MacVane, Megan L Fix, Tania D Strout, Kate D Zimmerman, Rebecca B Bloch, Christine L Hein
INTRODUCTION: Increasing attention has been focused on parental leave, but little is known about early leave and parental experiences for male and female attending physicians. Our goal was to describe and quantify the parental leave experiences of a nationally representative sample of emergency physicians (EP). METHODS: We conducted a web-based survey, distributed via emergency medicine professional organizations, discussion boards, and listservs, to address study objectives...
August 2017: Western Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28874156/job-satisfaction-and-turnover-intentions-among-health-care-staff-providing-services-for-prevention-of-mother-to-child-transmission-of-hiv-in-dar-es-salaam-tanzania
#15
Helga Naburi, Phares Mujinja, Charles Kilewo, Nicola Orsini, Till Bärnighausen, Karim Manji, Gunnel Biberfeld, David Sando, Pascal Geldsetzer, Guerino Chalamila, Anna Mia Ekström
BACKGROUND: Option B+ for the prevention of mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT) of HIV (i.e., lifelong antiretroviral treatment for all pregnant and breastfeeding mothers living with HIV) was initiated in Tanzania in 2013. While there is evidence that this policy has benefits for the health of the mother and the child, Option B+ may also increase the workload for health care providers in resource-constrained settings, possibly leading to job dissatisfaction and unwanted workforce turnover...
September 6, 2017: Human Resources for Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28871008/can-health-indicators-and-psychosocial-characteristics-predict-attrition-in-youths-with-overweight-and-obesity-seeking-ambulatory-treatment-data-from-a-retrospective-longitudinal-study-in-a-paediatric-clinic-in-luxembourg
#16
Ineke M Pit-Ten Cate, Hanen Samouda, Ulrike Schierloh, Julien Jacobs, Jean Francois Vervier, Saverio Stranges, Marie Lise Lair, Carine de Beaufort
OBJECTIVES: The current study aimed to identify factors that could predict attrition in youths starting ambulatory treatment to control or lose weight. DESIGN: Retrospective longitudinal study. SETTING: Paediatric clinic: ambulatory treatment programme. PATIENTS AND MEASURES: A youth sample (n=191; 89 boys; aged 7-17 years) completed measures of demographic characteristics, and health and psychosocial traits before starting an ambulatory weight management programme...
September 3, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28870303/patient-satisfaction-after-total-knee-arthroplasty-a-realistic-or-imaginary-goal
#17
REVIEW
Emmanuel Gibon, Marla J Goodman, Stuart B Goodman
This article summarizes the current literature regarding patient satisfaction after total knee arthroplasty. In 10% to 15% of cases, the operation has not met the patients' expectations. The causes of this dissatisfaction are multifactorial, and include patient-related factors, details related to the surgical procedure and prosthesis chosen, perioperative factors, and factors associated with nursing and general medical care. However, surgeons must bear the brunt of patients' dissatisfaction. This dissatisfaction erodes the doctor-patient relationship, and may have implications in an emerging health care economy in which doctors and hospitals are reimbursed based on both clinical outcome and patient satisfaction...
October 2017: Orthopedic Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28860482/circadian-clock-model-supports-molecular-link-between-per3-and-human-anxiety
#18
Amanda R Liberman, Soo Bin Kwon, Ha T Vu, Allan Filipowicz, Ahmet Ay, Krista K Ingram
Generalized anxiety and major depression have become increasingly common in the United States, affecting 18.6 percent of the adult population. Mood disorders can be debilitating, and are often correlated with poor general health, life dissatisfaction, and the need for disability benefits due to inability to work. Recent evidence suggests that some mood disorders have a circadian component, and disruptions in circadian rhythms may even trigger the development of these disorders. However, the molecular mechanisms of this interaction are not well understood...
August 31, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28859102/factors-associated-with-last-dental-visit-or-not-to-visit-the-dentist-by-brazilian-adolescents-a-population-based-study
#19
Emílio P da Fonseca, Antonio C Frias, Fábio L Mialhe, Antonio C Pereira, Marcelo de C Meneghim
OBJECTIVES: We investigated the factors associated with no dental visit within the last two years by adolescents in the state of São Paulo, Brazil, by using data from the Oral Health Conditions of São Paulo state population Project (SBSP-2015) conducted in 2015. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional epidemiological study with a representative sample of adolescents aged 15 to higher years residing in São Paulo State. The examiners were calibrated and dental visits were measured categorically as 1- Less than 1 year, 2- One to two years, 3 - Three years or more, 4- I have never visited the dentist...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28857987/surgical-tip-for-prevention-of-lip-injury-during-orthognathic-and-facial-bone-contouring-surgery
#20
Tae Sung Lee, Sanghoon Park
Iatrogenic lip injury is a rather common complication after facial bone surgery, but is usually treated lightly by the surgeon compared with other more severe functional complications. However, these injuries can have permanent sequelae and can therefore be a reason for patient dissatisfaction, especially after cosmetic surgery. Intraoperative lip injuries during facial bone surgery are usually caused by heat-generating surgical instruments or forced traction on the operative fields. The authors have applied a special technical strategy using a hydrocolloid dressing material to avoid these intraoperative lip injuries...
August 28, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
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