keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Maternal fetal

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346343/lifetime-exposure-to-a-constant-environment-amplifies-the-impact-of-a-fructose-rich-diet-on-glucose-homeostasis-during-pregnancy
#1
Aleida Song, Stuart Astbury, Abha Hoedl, Brent Nielsen, Michael E Symonds, Rhonda C Bell
The need to refine rodent models of human-related disease is now being recognized, in particular the rearing environment that can profoundly modulate metabolic regulation. Most studies on pregnancy and fetal development purchase and transport young females into the research facility, which after a short period of acclimation are investigated (Gen0). We demonstrate that female offspring (Gen1) show an exaggerated hyperinsulinemic response to pregnancy when fed a standard diet and with high fructose intake, which continues throughout pregnancy...
March 25, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345115/counseling-practices-for-fetal-hypoplastic-left-heart-syndrome
#2
Michael J Walsh, George R Verghese, M Eric Ferguson, Nora F Fino, David J Goldberg, Sonal T Owens, Nelangi Pinto, Sinai C Zyblewski, Michael D Quartermain
While counseling parents of a fetus diagnosed with hypoplastic left heart syndrome (HLHS), pediatric cardiologists play a critical role in shaping a family's expectations for the months and years to come. However, techniques for the most effective counseling practices have not been studied, and significant variation among physicians is likely present. Web-based survey of pediatric cardiologists that perform fetal echocardiography using snowball sampling. 201 physicians responded (61% male, 81% from academic centers, and 95% from the U...
March 27, 2017: Pediatric Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344957/predicting-factors-for-success-of-vaginal-delivery-in-preterm-induction-with-prostaglandin-e2
#3
Yoo Min Kim, Ju Young Park, Ji-Hee Sung, Suk-Joo Choi, Soo-Young Oh, Cheong-Rae Roh, Jong-Hwa Kim
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of prostaglandin (PG) E2 for preterm labor induction and to investigate the predictive factors for the success of vaginal delivery. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was performed in women (n=155) at 24+0 to 36+6 weeks of gestation who underwent induction of labor using a PGE2 vaginal pessary (10 mg, Propess) from January 2009 to December 2015. Success rates of vaginal delivery according to gestational age at induction and incidence of intrapartum complications such as tachysystole and nonreassuring fetal heart rate were investigated...
March 2017: Obstetrics & Gynecology Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344827/perinatal-high-methyl-donor-alters-gene-expression-in-igf-system-in-male-offspring-without-altering-dna-methylation
#4
Valérie Amarger, Fanny Giudicelli, Anthony Pagniez, Patricia Parnet
AIM: To investigate the effect of a protein restriction and a supplementation with methyl donor nutrients during fetal and early postnatal life on the expression and epigenetic state of imprinted genes from the IGF system. MATERIALS & METHODS: Pregnant female rats were fed a protein-restricted diet supplemented or not with methyl donor. RESULTS: Gene expression of the Igf2, H19, Igf1, Igf2r and Plagl1 genes in the liver of male offspring at birth and weaning was strongly influenced by maternal diet...
March 2017: Future Science OA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343558/simulator-based-obstetric-ultrasound-training-a-prospective-randomized-single-blinded-study
#5
Hadar Rosen, Rory Windrim, Yee Man Lee, Lara Gotha, Vsevolod Perelman, Stefania Ronzoni
OBJECTIVE: To compare the use of simulator-based and patient-based obstetric ultrasound training. METHODS: This was a prospective, randomized, single-blinded trial. Eighteen consenting obstetric trainees with minimal previous ultrasound exposure were recruited. Enrolled patients were also fully consenting. Mid-trimester fetal brain anatomy in the standard planes (i.e., biparietal diameter and head circumference, cavum septum pellucidum, posterior fossa, and lateral ventricle) was chosen as a surrogate for all fetal anatomy ultrasound training...
March 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343556/reporting-caesarean-delivery-in-quebec-using-the-robson-classification-system
#6
Stéphanie Roberge, Eric Dubé, Simon Blouin, Nils Chaillet
OBJECTIVE: The increasing rates of Caesarean sections throughout the world is preoccupant, and a good understanding of which groups of women contribute the most to the CS rate represents an important question in public health. Therefore, we sought to report the CS rate according to the Robson's classification system in the Quebec population. METHOD: We performed a secondary analysis of the QUARISMA database, including all deliveries after 24 weeks' gestation from 32 maternity wards in the province of Quebec between 2008 and 2011 (n = 184 952 deliveries)...
March 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343181/a-non-invasive-method-to-rule-out-transient-tachypnea-of-the-newborn-ttn-fetal-pulmonary-artery-acceleration-to-ejection-time-ratio
#7
Barış Büke, Hatice Akkaya
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether fetal pulmonary artery acceleration to ejection time (PATET) ratio can predict or rule out subsequent diagnosis of transient tachypnea of the newborn (TTN). METHODS: This prospective cohort study included 105 pregnant women in labor, who met the inclusion criteria. Eighteen of these women were removed from the study cohort, because of an inability to acquire sufficient Doppler waveforms and a longer duration of deliveries. According to subsequent diagnosis of TTN in the neonate, the two groups were constituted, TTN+ and TTN-...
March 27, 2017: Journal of Perinatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343154/silent-uterine-rupture-in-scarred-uterus
#8
Ream Langhe, Umme Farwa Shah, Attia Alfathil, Michael Gannon
Uterine rupture in pregnancy is a rare and catastrophic complication with a high incidence of fetal and maternal morbidity. Very few cases have been reported in the literature. CASE PRESENTATION: A 28-year-old fifth gravid woman with a history of one caesarean section presented to our department at 39 weeks and 6 days gestation with complaints of headache, epigastric pain and nausea. Her blood pressure was elevated and there was proteinuria. Emergency caesarean section was performed in view of symptoms...
March 24, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342726/noninvasive-prenatal-testing-for-fetal-aneuploidy-and-single-gene-disorders
#9
REVIEW
Hannah Skrzypek, Lisa Hui
Our concept of nucleic acid biology has advanced dramatically over the past two decades, with a growing appreciation that cell-free DNA (cfDNA) fragments are present in all body fluids including plasma. In no other field has plasma DNA been as rapidly translated into clinical practice as in noninvasive prenatal testing (NIPT) for fetal chromosome abnormalities. NIPT is a screening test that requires confirmation with diagnostic testing, but other applications of cfDNA provide diagnostic information and do not require invasive testing...
February 28, 2017: Best Practice & Research. Clinical Obstetrics & Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342395/longitudinal-progression-of-fetal-short-term-variation-and-average-acceleration-and-deceleration-capacity-after-antenatal-maternal-betamethasone-application
#10
Joy Weyrich, Anna Setter, Alexander Müller, Georg Schmidt, Christine E Brambs, Javier U Ortiz, Silvia M Lobmaier
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the effect of maternal betamethasone given for fetal lung maturation on fetal short-term variation (STV) and average acceleration and deceleration capacity (AAC/ADC). Both of these factors are calculated by phase-rectified signal averaging (PRSA) and represent new parameters to assess the fetal autonomic nervous system. STUDY DESIGN: A longitudinal prospective study including 26 pregnant women at risk for preterm delivery was performed. Two injections of 12mg betamethasone were administered intramuscularly at a 24h interval for lung maturation...
March 18, 2017: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342186/simplifying-oral-misoprostol-protocols-for-the-induction-of-labour
#11
Andrew D Weeks, Kate Navaratnam, Zarko Alfirevic
Induction of labour is carried out worldwide for a broad range of maternal and fetal indications so as to improve pregnancy outcomes. Oral misoprostol has been widely discussed as a method of labour induction. It is recommended for this indication by the WHO, FIGO, and SOGC(1-3) . A systematic review comparing misoprostol with Foley catheter and dinoprostone induction agents suggests that "Oral misoprostol for the induction of labour is safer than vaginal misoprostol and has the lowest rate of caesarean section"...
March 25, 2017: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342013/the-evaluation-of-folic-acid-deficient-or-folic-acid-supplemented-diet-in-the-gestational-phase-of-female-rats-and-in-their-adult-offspring-subjected-to-an-animal-model-of-schizophrenia
#12
L Canever, C S V Alves, G Mastella, L Damázio, J V Polla, S Citadin, L A De Luca, A S Barcellos, M L Garcez, J Quevedo, J Budni, A I Zugno
Although folic acid (FA) supplementation is known to influence numerous physiological functions, especially during pregnancy, little is known about its direct effects on the mothers' health. However, this vitamin is essential for the health of the mother and for the normal growth and development of the fetus. Thus, the aim of this study was (1) to evaluate the cognitive effects and biochemical markers produced by the AIN-93 diet (control), the AIN-93 diet supplemented with different doses of FA (5, 10, and 50 mg/kg), and a FA-deficient diet during pregnancy and lactation in female mother rats (dams) and (2) to evaluate the effect of maternal diets on inflammatory parameters in the adult offspring which were subjected to an animal model of schizophrenia (SZ) induced by ketamine (Ket)...
March 24, 2017: Molecular Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28341569/oral-exposure-of-pregnant-rats-to-toxic-doses-of-methylmercury-alters-fetal-accumulation
#13
Cláudia Oliveira, Lucy Joshee, Hannah George, Sanya Nijhara, Christy Bridges
Methylmercury (CH3Hg(+)) is an environmental toxicant that may lead to significant pathologies in exposed individuals. The current study assessed the disposition and toxicological effects of 2.5 or 7.5mgkg(-1) CH3Hg(+), conjugated to cysteine (Cys; Cys-S-CH3Hg) and administered orally to pregnant and non-pregnant Wistar and TR(-) rats. Rats were euthanized on gestational day 20 and the content of mercury in each fetus, amniotic sac, and placenta was determined. The brain, liver, and kidneys were removed from each fetus for estimation of mercury content...
March 21, 2017: Reproductive Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28341515/computerised-interpretation-of-fetal-heart-rate-during-labour-infant-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#14
(no author information available yet)
BACKGROUND: Continuous electronic fetal heart-rate monitoring is widely used during labour, and computerised interpretation could increase its usefulness. We aimed to establish whether the addition of decision-support software to assist in the interpretation of cardiotocographs affected the number of poor neonatal outcomes. METHODS: In this unmasked randomised controlled trial, we recruited women in labour aged 16 years or older having continuous electronic fetal monitoring, with a singleton or twin pregnancy, and at 35 weeks' gestation or more at 24 maternity units in the UK and Ireland...
March 21, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28341341/the-high-prevalence-of-vitamin-d-insufficiency-in-cord-blood-in-calgary-alberta-apron-d-study
#15
Fariba Aghajafari, Catherine J Field, Bonnie J Kaplan, Jack A Maggiore, Maeve O'Beirne, David A Hanley, Misha Eliasziw, Deborah Dewey, Sue Ross, Doreen Rabi
OBJECTIVE: Vitamin D is important in promoting healthy pregnancy and fetal development. We undertook this study to measure 25-hydroxyvitamin D in maternal and cord blood and to identify maternal factors related to vitamin D status in Calgary. METHODS: Blood samples collected at the time of delivery from the Alberta Pregnancy Outcomes and Nutrition study cohort (ApronStudy.ca) participants were processed for plasma and assayed using liquid chromatography mass spectrometry methodology for 25(OH)D3...
March 21, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28341055/obstetric-care-for-women-with-thalassemia
#16
REVIEW
Terence T Lao
Thalassemia is the commonest monogenic disease and manifests as severe anemia. It is increasingly encountered outside the Mediterranean region, Africa, Middle East, and Southeast Asia because of immigration. Pregnancy, previously uncommon in patients with homozygous β-thalassemia, is encountered increasingly because of improved management and assisted reproduction technology; however, preconceptional problems that include anemia, iron overload, cardiac dysfunction, thromboembolism, alloimmunization, infections, and endocrine and bone disorders, could influence maternal and obstetric outcome...
February 2017: Best Practice & Research. Clinical Obstetrics & Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340831/pregnancy-and-delivery-in-the-sequel-of-kidney-transplantation-single-center-study-of-8-years-experience
#17
Y Yuksel, S Tekin, D Yuksel, I Duman, M Sarier, L Yucetin, E Turan, H Celep, T Ugurlu, M M Inal, Y H Asuman, A Demirbas
BACKGROUND: Depending on hyphothalamic, hyphophyseal, and gonadal axis dysfunction, anovulatory irregular cycles occur and the probability of pregnancy decreases in the patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). Maternal mortality and morbidity rates are increased in CKD patients; the risk of premature delivery is 70% and the risk of preeclampsia is 40% more than normal among those with a creatine level of >2.5 mg/dL. METHODS: If a pregnancy is expected in the sequel of kidney transplantation (KT), a multidisciplinary team approach should be adopted and both the gynecologist and the nephrologist should follow the patient simultaneously...
April 2017: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340094/nlrp2-is-a-suppressor-of-nf-%C3%A6-b-signaling-and-hla-c-expression-in-human-trophoblasts
#18
Tamara Tilburgs, Torsten B Meissner, Leonardo M R Ferreira, Arend Mulder, Kiran Musunuru, Junqiang Ye, Jack L Strominger
During human pregnancy, fetal extravillous trophoblasts (EVT) play a key role in the regulation of maternal T cell and NK cell responses. EVT display a unique combination of Human Leukocyte Antigens (HLA); EVT do not express HLA-A and HLA-B, but do express HLA-C, HLA-E and HLA-G. The mechanisms establishing this unique HLA expression pattern have not been fully elucidated. The MHC class I and class II transcriptional activators NLRC5 and CIITA are expressed neither by EVT nor by the EVT model cell line JEG3, which has an MHC expression pattern identical to that of EVT...
March 7, 2017: Biology of Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338787/total-and-fetal-circulating-cell-free-dna-angiogenic-and-antiangiogenic-factors-in-preeclampsia-and-hellp-syndrome
#19
Rocío Muñoz-Hernández, Pablo Medrano-Campillo, Maria L Miranda, Hada C Macher, Jose Manuel Praena-Fernández, Antonio J Vallejo-Vaz, María J Dominguez-Simeon, Rafael Moreno-Luna, Pablo Stiefel
BACKGROUND: Preeclampsia (PE) is a hypertensive disorder of pregnancy characterized by hypertension and proteinuria. The HELLP syndrome is the most severe form of PE. The aim of the present study was to determine different potential biomarkers that may help us perform an early diagnosis of the disease, assess on the severity of the disease, and/or predict maternal or fetal adverse outcomes. METHODS: We measured serum levels of total and fetal circulating cell-free DNA (cfDNA), soluble endoglin, soluble form of vascular endothelial growth factor receptor, and placental growth factor in a healthy control group of pregnant women (n = 26), patients with mild (n = 37) and severe PE (n = 25), and patients with HELLP syndrome (n = 16)...
February 25, 2017: American Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337745/placental-phenotype-and-the-insulin-like-growth-factors-resource-allocation-to-fetal-growth
#20
Amanda N Sferruzzi-Perri, Ionel Sandovici, Miguel Constancia, Abigail L Fowden
The placenta is the main determinant of fetal growth and development in utero. It supplies all the nutrients and oxygen required for fetal growth and secretes hormones that facilitate maternal allocation of nutrients to the fetus. Furthermore, the placenta responds to nutritional and metabolic signals in the mother by altering its structural and functional phenotype which can lead to changes in maternal resource allocation to the fetus. The molecular mechanisms by which the placenta senses and responds to environmental cues are poorly understood...
March 24, 2017: Journal of Physiology
keyword
keyword
11599
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"