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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701361/health-promotion-through-sport-international-sport-federations-priorities-actions-and-opportunities
#1
Margo Mountjoy, A Costa, R Budgett, J Dvorak, L Engebretsen, S Miller, J Moran, J Foster, J Carr
OBJECTIVE: To identify areas of priority and activity for international sportsfederations (IFs) with respect to athlete health and safety, and global health. Results serve to direct the work of the Association of Summer Olympic IF Medical and Scientific Consultative Group, the International Olympic Committee and to influence IFs' planning and priorities. METHODS: The 28 IFs participating in the Summer Olympic Games (2016) were asked to rank the relative importance of 11 health-related topics and to report their activities or research initiatives on 27 identified topics using an electronic survey...
July 12, 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692391/harnessing-syndromic-surveillance-emergency-department-data-to-monitor-health-impacts-during-the-2015-special-olympics-world-games
#2
Emily Kajita, Monica Z Luarca, Han Wu, Bessie Hwang, Laurene Mascola
INTRODUCTION: Mass gatherings that attract a large international presence may cause or amplify point-source outbreaks of emerging infectious disease. The Los Angeles County Department of Public Health customized its syndromic surveillance system to detect increased syndrome-specific utilization of emergency departments (EDs) and other medical encounters coincident to the 2015 Special Olympics World Games. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We queried live databases containing data on ED visits, California Poison Control System calls, and Los Angeles County coroner-investigated deaths for increases in daily counts from July 19 to August 6, 2015...
July 2017: Public Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685972/kir2ds5-allotypes-that-recognize-the-c2-epitope-of-hla-c-are-common-among-africans-and-absent-from-europeans
#3
Jeroen H Blokhuis, Hugo G Hilton, Lisbeth A Guethlein, Paul J Norman, Neda Nemat-Gorgani, Annettee Nakimuli, Olympe Chazara, Ashley Moffett, Peter Parham
INTRODUCTION: KIR2DS5 is an activating human NK cell receptor of lineage III KIR. These include both inhibitory KIR2DL1, 2 and 3 and activating KIR2DS1 that recognize either the C1 or C2 epitope of HLA-C. In Europeans KIR2DS5 is essentially monomorphic, with KIR2DS5*002 being predominant. Pioneering investigations showed that KIR2DS5*002 has activating potential, but cannot recognize HLA-A, -B, or -C. Subsequent studies have shown that KIR2DS5 is highly polymorphic in Africans, and that KIR2DS5*006 protects pregnant Ugandan women from preeclampsia...
July 6, 2017: Immunity, Inflammation and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28679584/using-the-olympic-spirit-to-improve-teaching-and-learning-process-the-biomechanics-olympic-games
#4
Felipe P Carpes, Emmanuel Souza da Rocha, Marcos Roberto Kunzler, Pâmela Billig Mello-Carpes
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 1, 2017: Advances in Physiology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28666958/at-home-preresidency-preparation-for-general-surgery-internship-a-pilot-study
#5
T K Pandian, Eeeln H Buckarma, Monali Mohan, Becca L Gas, Nimesh D Naik, Eduardo F Abbott, Apram Jyot, Muhammad H Zeb, Stephanie F Heller, David R Farley
OBJECTIVE: To create a novel "at-home" preresidency preparatory adjunct for medical students entering surgical residency. DESIGN: Preparatory resources were mailed to match medical students before residency matriculation in 2015. This included "how-to" videos, low-cost models, and surgical instruments for 5 "stations" (arterial blood gas analysis, anatomy and imaging knowledge, knot tying ability, and suturing dexterity) of our program's biannual general surgery intern objective assessment activity (Surgical Olympics: total 13 stations, 10 points each)...
June 27, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28662163/association-between-laboratory-capacities-and-world-cup-performance-in-nordic-combined
#6
Vegard Rasdal, Ronny Fudel, Jan Kocbach, Frode Moen, Gertjan Ettema, Øyvind Sandbakk
BACKGROUND: Nordic combined (NC) is an Olympic winter-sport performed as a ski jumping (SJ) event followed by a cross-country (XC) pursuit race employing the skating style. PURPOSE: To elucidate the associations between sport-specific laboratory capacities and SJ, XC skiing, and overall NC performance in a world-cup NC event. METHODS: Twelve international world-cup NC athletes from 8 nations performed laboratory testing one day prior to participating in a world-cup NC event...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28662110/back-pain-in-elite-sports-a-cross-sectional-study-on-1114-athletes
#7
Daniela Fett, Katharina Trompeter, Petra Platen
OBJECTIVES: To establish the prevalence of back pain in German elite athletes; examine the influence of age, sex, sports discipline and training volume; and compare elite athletes with a physically active control group. METHODS: A standardized and validated online back pain questionnaire was sent by the German Olympic Sports Confederation to approximately 4,000 German national and international elite athletes, and a control group of 253 physically active but non-elite sports students...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28657807/variability-predictability-and-race-factors-affecting-performance-in-elite-biathlon
#8
Øyvind Skattebo, Thomas Losnegard
PURPOSE: Investigate variability, predictability and smallest worthwhile performance enhancement in elite biathlon sprint events. In addition, the effects of race factors on performance were assessed. METHODS: Data from 2005-2015 including >10,000 and >1000 observations for each sex for all athletes and annual top-10 athletes were included, respectively. Generalized linear mixed models were constructed based on total race time, skiing time, shooting times and proportions of targets hit...
June 28, 2017: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28657422/vision-profile-and-ocular-characteristics-of-special-olympics-athletes-report-from-india
#9
Vijaya K Gothwal, Rebecca Sumalini, Asa Narasaiah, Soumya Panda
PURPOSE: Previous reports, albeit isolated, of vision and ocular screening of athletes with intellectual disability participating in the Special Olympics, UK, indicated high rates of refractive error and ocular morbidity; however, there have been no reports of similar sports events for this population from India. This study set out to evaluate the vision profile and ocular characteristics of athletes with intellectual disability attending the Special Olympics Lions Club International Opening Eyes (SOLCIOE) event in 2012 in India...
August 2017: Ophthalmic Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28656110/erythrocyte-omega-3-fatty-acid-content-in-elite-athletes-in-response-to-omega-3-supplementation-a-dose-response-pilot-study
#10
Franchek Drobnic, Félix Rueda, Victoria Pons, Montserrat Banquells, Begoña Cordobilla, Joan Carles Domingo
INTRODUCTION: Supplementation of Omega-3 fatty acids (n-3FA) in athletes is related to the anti-inflammatory and/or antioxidant effect and consequently its action on all the processes of tissue restoration and adaptation to physical stress. OBJECTIVE: Evaluate the Omega-3 Index (O3Ix) response, in red blood cells, to supplemental EPA + DHA intake in the form of high purity and stable composition gums (G), in elite summer athletes. METHOD: Twenty-four summer sport athletes of both sexes, pertaining to the Olympic Training Center in Spain, were randomized to two groups (2G = 760 or 3G = 1140 mg of n-3 FA in Omegafort OKids, Ferrer Intl...
2017: Journal of Lipids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648237/adversity-related-experiences-are-essential-for-olympic-success-additional-evidence-and-considerations
#11
Mustafa Sarkar, David Fletcher
Drawing on Hardy et al.'s study as the target article, in this commentary, we focus on the adversity-related experiences and consequences of the Olympic and/or World champions that they sampled. With this in mind, we divide the narrative into two main sections. In the first section, we explore the association between adversity-related experiences and Olympic success, and provide additional evidence in support of the notion that adversity-related experiences are essential for success at the highest level of sport...
2017: Progress in Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648234/in-search-of-the-golden-skill
#12
John W Krakauer
Athletes devote their lives to practicing their chosen sport so as to attain the highest level of skilled performance. A perennial question is why are some athletes better than others? Most debates on this issue reduce to genetics (natural abilities) vs differences in accumulated deliberative practice. In contrast, the target article under discussion here reports on a study that identified psychosocial factors (obsessiveness, ruthlessness) and early life experiences (trauma or loss) that distinguished those athletes at the Olympics and World Championships that medaled over those that did not...
2017: Progress in Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648232/embedding-the-psychosocial-biographies-of-olympic-medalists-in-a-meta-theoretical-model-of-dynamic-networks
#13
Ruud J R Den Hartigh, Nico W Van Yperen, Paul L C Van Geert
Based on in-depth interviews, Hardy et al. focused on the role of psychosocial factors in the development of elite and super-elite athletes. They reveal interesting differences and commonalities in the frequencies at which certain aspects related to life events, personality, contextual factors, etc. were reported. Here, we argue that insights in the development of (super-)elite athletes will advance if we go beyond explanations in the frequency-domain, and search for process explanations in the time-domain...
2017: Progress in Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648230/the-psychosocial-development-of-world-class-athletes-additional-considerations-for-understanding-the-whole-person-and-salience-of-adversity
#14
Daniel F Gucciardi
In the target article, Hardy and colleagues provided an incisive analysis of retrospectively reported psychosocial factors associated with the development and careers of 32 former athletes from Olympic sports. They found that Super-Elite athletes ("serial" medal winners at major international championships, i.e., World Championship or Olympic Games) differed from matched Elite performers (won medals at international competitions but not major championships) with regard to several important psychosocial factors (e...
2017: Progress in Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648228/great-british-medalists-psychosocial-biographies-of-super-elite-and-elite-athletes-from-olympic-sports
#15
Lew Hardy, Matthew Barlow, Lynne Evans, Tim Rees, Tim Woodman, Chelsea Warr
Participants were 32 former GB athletes from Olympic sports, 16 Super-Elite athletes who had won multiple medals at major championships, and 16 matched Elite athletes who had not. In-depth interviews with the athletes, their coaches, and one of their parents explored all psychosocial aspects of their development and careers. Content analyses revealed that there were no differences between Super-Elite and Elite athletes with regard to family values, conscientiousness, or commitment to training. However, the two groups were found to be different with regard to: (1) the experience of a foundational negative life event coupled with a foundational positive sport-related event; (2) the experience of a career turning point that enhanced motivation and focus for their sport; (3) need for success; (4) obsessiveness and/or perfectionism with regard to training and performance; (5) ruthlessness and/or selfishness in the pursuit of their sporting goals; (6) dual focus on both mastery and outcome; (7) the use of counterphobic attitudes and/or total preparation to maintain higher levels of performance under pressure; and (8) the relative importance of sport over other aspects of life...
2017: Progress in Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647233/evaluation-of-bacterial-pathogen-diversity-abundance-and-health-risks-in-urban-recreational-water-by-amplicon-next-generation-sequencing-and-quantitative-pcr
#16
Qijia Cui, Tingting Fang, Yong Huang, Peiyan Dong, Hui Wang
The microbial quality of urban recreational water is of great concern to public health. The monitoring of indicator organisms and several pathogens alone is not sufficient to accurately and comprehensively identify microbial risks. To assess the levels of bacterial pathogens and health risks in urban recreational water, we analyzed pathogen diversity and quantified four pathogens in 46 water samples collected from waterbodies in Beijing Olympic Forest Park in one year. The pathogen diversity revealed by 16S rRNA gene targeted next-generation sequencing (NGS) showed that 16 of 40 genera and 13 of 76 reference species were present...
July 2017: Journal of Environmental Sciences (China)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646101/serum-androgen-profile-and-physical-performance-in-women-olympic-athletes
#17
Emma Eklund, Bo Berglund, Fernand Labrie, Kjell Carlström, Lena Ekström, Angelica Lindén Hirschberg
BACKGROUND: The role of endogenous androgens for body composition and physical performance in women athletes is still not elucidated. AIM: To examine the serum androgen profile in relation to body composition and physical performance in women Olympic athletes and to compare endocrine variables and body composition to controls. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional study, conducted between 2011 and 2015 at the Women's Health Research Unit, Karolinska University Hospital, Stockholm...
June 23, 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639438/body-composition-analysis-to-study-long-term-training-effects-in-elite-male-water-polo-athletes
#18
Giovanni Melchiorri, Valerio Viero, Roberto Sorge, Tamara Triossi, Alessandro Campagna, Stella L Volpe, Dalgisio Lecis, Virginia Tancredi, Angela Andreoli
BACKGROUND: Elite water polo athletes undergo heavy training programs throughout the year, but especially to prepare major competitions, such as the Olympics. Optimal athletic performance is a result of many factors, including proper management of the intensity and volume of training, nutrition and recovery between training sessions. When training is excessive in relation to recovery may occur non functional overreaching (NFO). NFO can degenerate into overtraining syndrome (OTS) resulting in a decrease in athletic performance, with likely changes in body weight and body composition...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628968/performance-trends-in-age-group-triathletes-in-the-olympic-distance-triathlon-at-the-world-championships-2009-2014
#19
Martin Wonerow, Christoph Alexander Rüst, Pantelis Theodoros Nikolaidis, Thomas Rosemann, Beat Knechtle
Performance trends in elite triathletes competing in age group classes have been investigated for Ironman triathlon in ‘Ironman Hawaii’ but not for short distance triathletes competing at international level in events such as the Olympic distance triathlon at the World Championships. The aim of the present study was to evaluate participation and performance trends of age group triathletes competing in the Olympic distance triathlon at the International Triathlon Union (ITU) World Championships 2009-2014...
June 30, 2017: Chinese Journal of Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628450/zika-virus-screening-among-spanish-team-members-after-2016-rio-de-janeiro-brazil-olympic-games
#20
Natalia Rodriguez-Valero, Alberto M Borobia, Mar Lago, Maria Paz Sánchez-Seco, Fernando de Ory, Ana Vázquez, Jose Luis Pérez-Arellano, Cristina Carranza Rodríguez, Miguel J Martínez, Alicia Capón, Elias Cañas, Joaquin Salas-Coronas, Arkaitz Azcune Galparsoro, Jose Muñoz
We evaluated the risk for the Spanish Olympic Team acquiring Zika virus in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, during 2016. We recruited 117 team members, and all tested negative for Zika virus. Lack of cases in this cohort supports the minimum risk estimates made before the Games.
August 15, 2017: Emerging Infectious Diseases
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