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Jai Prakash Soni, Ratna D Puri, Kapil Jetha, G S L Bhavani, Monika Chaudhary, Sudha Kohli, I C Verma
Infantile systemic hyalinosis (OMIM 236490) is a progressive autosomal recessive disorder characterized by widespread deposition of hyaline material in many tissues leading to multiple subcutaneous skin nodules, gingival hypertrophy and joint contractures. The authors describe five children from four unrelated families, from the "mali (farmer)" community in Jodhpur, with the disorder. All of them had classical clinical features, and four died from severe infections between age of 7 mo to 3 y. Two affected children had the same, but novel mutation in the initiation codon, in homozygous form c...
October 18, 2016: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
(no author information available yet)
BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVES: In recent years dengue has been witnessed as an emerging public health problem. Therefore, the present study was undertaken in order to assess the knowledge, attitude, behaviour and practices (KABP) adopted by the society for its control and prevention. The changes in behaviour of community after imparting health education were also recorded to determine the effectiveness of information, education and communication (IEC) for dengue prevention and control in Jodhpur City of Rajasthan, India...
July 2016: Journal of Vector Borne Diseases
Jitendra Meena, Pankaja Raghav, Neeti Rustagi
OBJECTIVE: To study the treatment compliance and adverse effects among hypertensive patients receiving treatment at Hypertension clinic, UHTC Pratap Nagar, Jodhpur, India. DESIGN AND METHOD: A longitudinal study was conducted on 1036 hypertensive patients enrolled at Hypertension clinic, Pratap Nagar, Jodhpur, India. Patients attendees to the clinic during inception (Nov 2013) were selected for study purpose and quarterly follow-ups were done. The participants were asked about their socio-demographic status, therapy, side effects, and compliance with physicians' instructions...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
Sudhir Mittal, Asha Rani, Rohit Mehra
Radon causes lung cancer when it is trapped inside the lungs. Therefore it is very important to analyze the radon concentration in water and soil samples. In the present investigation, water and soil samples collected from 20 different locations of Jodhpur and Nagaur districts of Northern Rajasthan, India have been studied by using RAD7. The measured radon concentration in water samples varies from 0.5 to 15Bql(-1). The observed values lie within the safe limit as set by UNSCEAR, 2008. The total annual effective dose due to radon in water corresponding to all studied locations has been found to be well within the safe limit of 0...
July 2016: Applied Radiation and Isotopes
Vikas Payal, Pramod Sharma, Vishnu Goyal, Rakesh Jora, Manish Parakh, Deepika Payal
BACKGROUND: Hemophilia is widely distributed all over the world, but little is known about its clinical profile in resource-limited regions. An insight into its clinical spectrum will help in the formulation of policies to improve the situation in these areas. AIMS: To study the clinical profile of hemophiliacs (age <18 years) in Jodhpur region and screen them for transfusion-transmitted infections. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study conducted in the Department of Pediatrics, Umaid Hospital, Dr...
January 2016: Asian Journal of Transfusion Science
Kailash Kumar Rahar, Hans Raj Pahadiya, Kishan Gopal Barupal, C P Mathur, Manoj Lakhotia
AIMS: To find out and investigate whether the QT dispersion and QTc dispersion is related to type and prognosis of the acute stroke in patients presenting within 24 h of the onset of stroke. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: This was a observational study conducted at Mahatma Gandhi Hospital, Dr. SN. Medical College, Jodhpur, during January 2014 to January 2015. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: The patients presented within 24 h of onset of acute stroke (hemorrhagic, infarction, or transient ischemic event) were included in the study...
January 2016: Journal of Neurosciences in Rural Practice
Preksha Pewa, Bharath K Garla, Rushabh Dagli, Geetika Arora Bhateja, Jitendra Solanki
BACKGROUND: In rural India, dental diseases occur due to many factors, which includes inadequate or improper use of fluoride and a lack of knowledge regarding oral health and oral hygiene, which prevent proper screening and dental care of oral diseases. The objective of the study was to evaluate the dental attendance, awareness and utilization of dental services in public health center. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 251 study subjects who were visiting dental outpatient department (OPD) of public health centre (PHC), Guda Bishnoi, and Jodhpur using a pretested proforma from month of July 2014 to October 2014...
October 2015: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
Shikha Saxena, Vinod Kumar Chawla, Kamal Kant Gupta, Kusum Lata Gaur
There is a large amount of evidence that the ABO blood group system may play a role in disease etiology. However, in relation to breast cancer, these findings are inconsistent and contradictory. Present study was conducted for analysis to access ABO blood groups potential role of in breast carcinoma. The study was conducted on 206 clinically diagnosed breast cancer patients from Radiotherapy Department of Mathura Das Mathur Hospital in Jodhpur, from September 2006 to December 2007. The standard agglutination test was used to determine the blood groups...
January 2015: Indian Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology
Vidit Gupta, Pramod Sharma, Rakesh Jora, Minhas Amandeep, Anjani Kumar
This hospital-based study reports the results of antenatal screening for thalassemia in pregnant women visiting a hospital in Jodhpur, Rajasthan, India. Eighty-eight (5.9%) of 1500 women screened for thalassemia had thalassemia trait. Twenty at-risk couples were identified and two fetuses were detected to be having thalassemia major.
September 2015: Indian Pediatrics
Kumar Gaurav Chhabra, Gururaghavendran Rajesh, Chaya Chhabra, Almas Binnal, Ashish Sharma, Yashpal Pachori
OBJECTIVE: To assess General Dental Practitioners' (GDPs) in India willingness to participate in disaster management and their previous training pertaining to disaster management, and to assess GDP objective knowledge, attitude, and behavior regarding disaster management. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study was a cross-sectional survey conducted on all GDPs of Jodhpur, Rajasthan, India. Willingness to participate, perceived knowledge, perceived effectiveness, objective knowledge, attitude, and behavior regarding disaster management were assessed through questionnaire method...
December 2015: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
Tyler M Barrett, Melissa A Liebert, Joshua M Schrock, Tara J Cepon-Robins, Arvind Mathur, Harish Agarwal, Paul Kowal, J Josh Snodgrass
BACKGROUND: Physical activity impacts the ageing process; yet, few studies have examined relationships among physical activity, functional abilities and health among older adults in non-Western settings. AIM: This study tests for associations among measures of physical activity, function and self-report health conditions among 200 older adults (49--50 years old) in Jodhpur, Rajasthan, India. METHODS: Seven consecutive days of accelerometry data were used in measures of physical activity (Total Daily Energy Expenditure [TDEE], Physical Activity Level [PAL], Daily Average Activity Count [AC] and Activity Energy Expenditure [AEE])...
September 2016: Annals of Human Biology
Manoj Goyal
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: In Jodhpur, large number of people suffering with non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus (type 2 diabetes). They are using medicinal plants along with modern medicine for the management of diabetes. The aim of this work is to document the anti-diabetic plants and determine the most relevant anti-diabetic plant species using the Disease Consensus Index. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Ethnomedicinal survey was conducted for selection of anti-diabetic plant...
November 4, 2015: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
Manju Singhi, Anil Purohit, Sushmita Chattopadhyay
BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVES: Identification of novel effective larvicide from natural resources is essential to combat developing resistances, environmental concerns, residue problems and high cost of synthetic insecticides. Results of earlier laboratory findings have shown that Calotropis procera extracts showed larvicidal, ovicidal and refractory properties towards ovipositioning of dengue vectors; further, latex extracted with methanol was found to be more effective compared to crude latex...
June 2015: Journal of Vector Borne Diseases
Shailja Chambial, Kamla Kant Shukla, Shailendra Dwivedi, Pankaj Bhardwaj, Praveen Sharma
Lead interferes with a variety of body processes and is toxic to many organs and tissues including the heart, bones, intestines, kidneys, and reproductive and nervous systems. Routes of exposure to lead include contaminated air, water, soil, food, and consumer products. The possibility of lead exposure in humans is therefore of great significance from health point of view. Occupational exposure is a common known cause of lead poisoning in adults but current status of adults exposed otherwise is not known. School teachers representing wide local population were selected and asked to furnish information regarding possible lead exposure...
July 2015: Indian Journal of Clinical Biochemistry: IJCB
Vikas Payal, Pramod Sharma, N P Chhangani, Yojana Janu, Yudhavir Singh, Akash Sharma
Hemophilia refers to a group of bleeding disorders in which there is a deficiency of one of the factors necessary for coagulation of the blood. Susceptibility to joint hemorrhage in persons with Hemophilia suggests that the routine assessment of joint health is an important aspect of clinical management and outcome studies assessing the efficacy of treatment. This prospective study was conducted to study joint health status in Hemophilia patients and draw their joint disability score by using Hemophilia Joint Health Score (HJHS)...
September 2015: Indian Journal of Hematology & Blood Transfusion
Preksha Pewa, Susan Thomas, Rushabh Dagli, Jitendra Solanki, Geetika Arora, Bharath Garla
BACKGROUND: This study had a two objectives to determine the prevalence of domestic violence and to know the impact of the same on the oral health. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An observational cross-sectional study was done in Jodhpur, Rajasthan; among 150 married women of 18 to 60 years of age using a predesigned pretested proforma from 18th January 2014 to 27th February 2014. Pretested semistructured open-ended questionnaire used for collecting the data from the study subjects...
March 2015: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
Apoorva Aekka, Rohit Abraham, Michael Hollis, Elizabeth Boudiab, Gieric Laput, Harshadha Purohit, Richa Kumar, Arpita Vyas, Marc Basson, Dinesh Vyas
BACKGROUND: A major factor contributing to global trauma mortality and morbidity is the lack of effective prehospital trauma services in developing settings. We developed a 2-d training course for nondoctor first responders featuring high-fidelity simulation and video-assisted debriefing, self-directed learning videos, and native language instruction. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A pilot session was conducted in Jodhpur, Rajasthan. Eighteen local instructors were recruited to train 48 layperson first responders in 10 essential subjects...
August 2015: Journal of Surgical Research
Mukesh Kumar Gupta, Kamal Kant, Anil Vishnoi, Abhijit Kumar
Acute upper gastrointestinal obstruction due to foreign body ingestion is rare (<6 % of all small intestinal obstruction). Bezoars tend to grow slowly and only thereafter cause obstruction, if any. Rapid formation of a bezoar within hours of ingestion of the offending substance is a unique entity. Here, we present a case of a 22-year-old Indian male who was brought in the emergency department with history of ingesting chemicals used for refrigerator insulation, with suicidal intent. Within hours, he was operated for suspected perforation...
April 2015: Indian Journal of Surgery
Asha Rani, Sudhir Mittal, Rohit Mehra, R C Ramola
In the present investigation, (226)Ra, (232)Th and (40)K analysis has been carried out in the soil samples collected from different locations of Jodhpur and Nagaur districts of Northern Rajasthan, India using gamma ray spectroscopy. The measured activity concentration ranges from 13±8 to 36±9 Bq kg(-1), 40±9 to 71±11 Bq kg(-1) and 294±125 to 781±159 Bq kg(-1) with the mean value of 24±9 Bq kg(-1), 55±11 Bq kg(-1)and 549±141 Bq kg(-1) for (226)Ra, (232)Th and (40)K, respectively. The radium equivalent activity of all the soil samples ranges from 114 to 157 Bq kg(-1) with an average value of 141Bqkg(-1), which is lower than the safe limit 370 Bq kg(-1) as set by the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development...
July 2015: Applied Radiation and Isotopes
Shravani Govind Deolia, Chaya Chhabra, Kumar Gaurav Chhabra, Shrivardhan Kalghatgi, Naresh Khandelwal
BACKGROUND: Anomalies and enamel hypoplasia of deciduous dentition are routinely encountered by dental professionals and early detection and careful management of such conditions facilitates may help in customary occlusal development. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of hypodontia, microdontia, double teeth, and hyperdontia of deciduous teeth among Indian children. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study group comprised 1,398 children (735 boys, 633 girls)...
April 2015: Journal of the Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry
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