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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551845/sostdc1-inhibits-follicular-thyroid-cancer-cell-proliferation-migration-and-emt-via-suppressing-pi3k-akt-and-mapk-erk-signaling-pathways
#1
Qinyi Zhou, Jun Chen, Jialin Feng, Yanan Xu, Wenjie Zheng, Jiadong Wang
The sclerostin domain containing protein 1 (SOSTDC1) is a cell signaling regulator involved in cell physiology and pathology. SOSTDC1 is known to have a suppressive effect on certain kinds of cancer. However, the role of SOSTDC1 in follicular thyroid cancer (FTC) remains unknown. We aimed to investigate if the expression of SOSTDC1 plays any roles in carcinogenesis and metastasis of FTC. We found a significantly down-regulated SOSTDC1 expression in follicular thyroid cancer samples. In addition, our data showed that ectopic expression of SOSTDC1 dramatically inhibited thyroid cancer cell proliferation in vitro and in nude mice...
May 27, 2017: Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551336/structural-and-molecular-biology-of-a-protein-polymerising-nanomachine-for-pilus-biogenesis
#2
REVIEW
Gabriel Waksman
Bacteria produce protein polymers on their surface called pili or fimbriae that serve as either attachment devices or conduits for secreted substrates. This review will focus on the chaperone-usher pathway of pilus biogenesis, a widespread assembly line for pilus production at the surface of Gram-negative bacteria and the archetypical protein-polymerising nanomachine. Comparison with other nanomachines polymerising other types of biological units, such as nucleotides during DNA replication, provides some unifying principles as to how multi-domain proteins assemble biological polymers...
May 24, 2017: Journal of Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550501/grass-carp-reovirus-gd108-fiber-protein-is-involved-in-cell-attachment
#3
Yuanyuan Tian, Zhenzhen Jiao, Junjian Dong, Chengfei Sun, Xiaoyan Jiang, Xing Ye
Viral attachment to specific host receptors is the first step in viral infection and serves an essential function in the selection of target cells. In this study, structure analysis, neutralization assays, and cell attachment assays were carried out to evaluate the cell attachment functions of the outer capsid fiber protein of grass carp reovirus GD108 strain (GCRV-GD108). The GCRV-GD108 fiber protein contained 512 amino acids encoded by S7 segment and shared sequence similarities with mammalian reovirus cell attachment protein σ1 and adenovirus fiber...
May 26, 2017: Virus Genes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550412/differential-expression-of-poplar-sucrose-nonfermenting1-related-protein-kinase-2-genes-in-response-to-abiotic-stress-and-abscisic-acid
#4
Xiang Yu, Arika Takebayashi, Taku Demura, Misato Ohtani
Knowledge on the responses of woody plants to abiotic stress can inform strategies to breed improved tree varieties and to manage tree species for environmental conservation and the production of lignocellulosic biomass. In this study, we examined the expression patterns of poplar (Populus trichocarpa) genes encoding members of the sucrose nonfermenting1-related protein kinase 2 (SnRK2) family, which are core components of the abiotic stress response. The P. trichocarpa genome contains twelve SnRK2 genes (PtSnRK2...
May 26, 2017: Journal of Plant Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550411/isolation-characterization-and-expression-of-proto-oncogene-cmyc-in-large-yellow-croaker-larimichthys-crocea
#5
Yonghua Jiang, Kunhuang Han, Shihai Chen, Yilei Wang, Ziping Zhang
cMyc is a vital transcription factor that involves in the regulation of cell proliferation, growth, differentiation, and apoptosis. In the present study, cMyc in Larimichthys crocea (Lc-cMyc) was cloned and analyzed for investigating its function. The full-length cDNA of Lc-cMyc was 2089 bp encoding a 440-amino-acid protein (Lc-cMyc). Lc-cMyc had the characteristic helix-loop-helix-leucine-zipper (HLH-LZ) DNA-binding domain and highly conservative in evolution. The expression of Lc-cMyc was detected by quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR) and in situ hybridization, respectively...
May 27, 2017: Fish Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550308/fortilin-binds-ire1%C3%AE-and-prevents-er-stress-from-signaling-apoptotic-cell-death
#6
Decha Pinkaew, Abhijnan Chattopadhyay, Matthew D King, Preedakorn Chunhacha, Zhihe Liu, Heather L Stevenson, Yanjie Chen, Patuma Sinthujaroen, Owen M McDougal, Ken Fujise
The endoplasmic reticulum, the cytoplasmic organelle that matures a massive amount of nascent secretory polypeptides, is particularly sensitive to stress. Endoplasmic reticulum stress causes unfolded proteins to populate the organelle, eliciting the unfolded protein response. During the unfolded protein response, GRP78-an endoplasmic reticulum master stress regulator-detaches from three endoplasmic reticulum stress sensors (IRE1α, PERK, and ATF6) and allows them to activate the apoptotic signaling pathway...
May 26, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550305/dynamics-and-ligand-induced-conformational-changes-in-human-prolyl-oligopeptidase-analyzed-by-hydrogen-deuterium-exchange-mass-spectrometry
#7
Alexandra Tsirigotaki, Roos Van Elzen, Pieter Van Der Veken, Anne-Marie Lambeir, Anastassios Economou
Prolyl oligopeptidase (PREP) is conserved in many organisms across life. It is involved in numerous processes including brain function and neuropathology, that require more than its strict proteolytic role. It consists of a seven-bladed β-propeller juxtaposed to a catalytic α/β-hydrolase domain. The conformational dynamics of PREP involved in domain motions and the gating mechanism that allows substrate accessibility remain elusive. Here we used Hydrogen Deuterium eXchange Mass Spectrometry (HDX-MS) to derive the first near-residue resolution analysis of global PREP dynamics in the presence or absence of inhibitor bound in the active site...
May 26, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550302/antigenicity-of-bovine-pericardium-determined-by-a-novel-immunoproteomic-approach
#8
Katherine V Gates, Ailsa J Dalgliesh, Leigh G Griffiths
Despite bovine pericardium (BP) being the primary biomaterial used in heart valve bioprostheses, recipient graft-specific immune responses remain a significant cause of graft failure. Consequently, tissue antigenicity remains the principal barrier for expanding use of such biomaterials in clinical practice. We hypothesize that our understanding of BP antigenicity can be improved by application of a combined affinity chromatography shotgun immunoproteomic approach to identify antigens that have previously been overlooked...
May 26, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550247/two-novel-mutations-in-the-first-transmembrane-domain-of-presenilin1-cause-young-onset-alzheimer-s-disease
#9
Collin Y Liu, Yu Ohki, Taisuke Tomita, Satoko Osawa, Bruce R Reed, William Jagust, Victoria Van Berlo, Lee-Way Jin, Helena C Chui, Giovanni Coppola, John M Ringman
BACKGROUND: The presenilin-1 protein (PS1) is the catalytic unit of γ-secretase implicated in the production of abnormally long forms of amyloid-β (Aβ), including Aβ42, proteins thought critical in the pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease (AD). In AD of autosomal dominant inheritance, the majority of pathogenic mutations have been found in the PSEN1 gene within which the location of the mutation can provide clues as to the mechanism of pathogenesis. OBJECTIVE: To describe clinical features of two novel mutations in the transmembrane portion 1 (TMD-1) of PSEN1 as well as biochemical features in one and neuropathological findings in the other...
May 25, 2017: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550207/atx3-atx4-and-atx5-encode-putative-h3k4-methyltransferases-and-are-critical-for-plant-development
#10
Liqun Chen, Jinhong Luo, Zhenhai Cui, Ming Xue, Li Wang, Xiaoyu Zhang, Wojtek P Pawlowski, Yan He
Methylation of lysine residues in the tail of the H3 histone is a key regulator of chromatin state and gene expression, conferred by a large family of enzymes containing an evolutionarily-conserved SET domain. One of the main types of SET domain proteins are those controlling H3K4 di- and trimethylation. The genome of Arabidopsis encodes 12 such proteins, including five ARABIDOPSIS TRITHORAX (ATX) proteins and seven ATX-Related (ATXR) proteins. Here we examined three until-now-unexplored ATX proteins, ATX3, ATX4, and ATX5...
May 26, 2017: Plant Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550152/er-plasma-membrane-contact-sites-contribute-to-autophagosome-biogenesis-by-regulation-of-local-pi3p-synthesis
#11
Anna Chiara Nascimbeni, Francesca Giordano, Nicolas Dupont, Daniel Grasso, Maria I Vaccaro, Patrice Codogno, Etienne Morel
The double-membrane-bound autophagosome is formed by the closure of a structure called the phagophore, origin of which is still unclear. The endoplasmic reticulum (ER) is clearly implicated in autophagosome biogenesis due to the presence of the omegasome subdomain positive for DFCP1, a phosphatidyl-inositol-3-phosphate (PI3P) binding protein. Contribution of other membrane sources, like the plasma membrane (PM), is still difficult to integrate in a global picture. Here we show that ER-plasma membrane contact sites are mobilized for autophagosome biogenesis, by direct implication of the tethering extended synaptotagmins (E-Syts) proteins...
May 26, 2017: EMBO Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550115/involvement-of-cell-surface-90-kda-heat-shock-protein-hsp90-in-pattern-recognition-by-human-monocyte-derived-macrophages
#12
Małgorzata Bzowska, Anna Nogieć, Krystian Bania, Magdalena Zygmunt, Mirosław Zarębski, Jerzy Dobrucki, Krzysztof Guzik
Heat shock proteins (HSPs) are typical intracellular chaperones which also appear on the cell surface and in extracellular milieu. HSP90, which chaperones many proteins involved in signal transduction, is also a regular component of LPS-signaling complexes on Mϕ. As LPS is a prototypical PAMP, we speculated that HSP90 is engaged in pattern recognition by professional phagocytes. In this report, we provide the first evidence, to our knowledge, of the geldanamycin (Ge)-inhibitable HSP90 on the surface of live monocyte-derived Mϕs (hMDMs)...
May 26, 2017: Journal of Leukocyte Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550061/the-lectin-chaperone-calnexin-is-involved-in-endoplasmic-reticulum-stress-response-by-regulating-ca-2-homeostasis-in-aspergillus-nidulans
#13
Shenghua Zhang, Hailin Zheng, Qiuyi Chen, Yuan Chen, Sha Wang, Ling Lu, Shizhu Zhang
The Ca(2+)-mediated signaling pathway is crucial for environmental adaptation in fungi. Here we show that calnexin, a molecular chaperone located in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER), plays an important role in regulating cytosolic free calcium concentration ([Ca(2+)]c) in Aspergillus nidulans Inactivation of calnexin (ClxA) in A. nidulans caused severe defects in hyphal growth and conidiation under ER stress caused by the ER-stress inducing agent dithiothreitol (DTT) or high temperature. Importantly, defects in the ΔclxA mutant were restored by the addition of extracellular calcium...
May 26, 2017: Applied and Environmental Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550017/a-lysine-desert-protects-a-novel-domain-in-the-slx5-slx8-sumo-targeted-ub-ligase-to-maintain-sumoylation-levels-in-saccharomyces-cerevisiae
#14
Pragati Sharma, Janet R Mullen, Minxing Li, Mikel Zaratiegui, Samuel F Bunting, Steven J Brill
Protein modification by the small ubiquitin-like modifier (SUMO) plays important roles in genome maintenance. In Saccharomyces cerevisiae, proper regulation of sumoylation is known to be essential for viability in certain DNA repair mutants. Here we find the opposite result; proper regulation of sumoylation is lethal in certain DNA repair mutants. Yeast cells lacking the repair factors TDP1 and WSS1 are synthetically lethal due to their redundant roles in removing Top1-DNA covalent complexes (Top1ccs). A screen for suppressors of tdp1∆ wss1∆ synthetic lethality isolated mutations in genes known to control global sumoylation levels including ULP1, ULP2, SIZ2 and SLX5 The results suggest that alternative pathways of repair become available when sumoylation levels are altered...
May 26, 2017: Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549975/knockdown-of-epigenetic-transcriptional-co-regulator-brd2a-disrupts-apoptosis-and-proper-formation-of-hindbrain-and-midbrain-hindbrain-boundary-mhb-region-in-zebrafish
#15
Tami Murphy, Heather Melville, Eliza Fradkin, Giana Bistany, Gregory Branigan, Kelly Olsen, Catharine R Comstock, Hayley Hanby, Ellie Garbade, Angela J DiBenedetto
Brd2 is a member of the bromodomain-extraterminal domain (BET) family of proteins and functions as an acetyl-histone-directed transcriptional co-regulator and recruitment scaffold in chromatin modification complexes affecting signal-dependent transcription. While Brd2 acts as a protooncogene in mammalian blood, developmental studies link it to regulation of neuronal apoptosis and epilepsy, and complete knockout of the gene is invariably embryonic lethal. In Drosophila, the Brd2 homolog acts as a maternal effect factor necessary for segment formation and identity and proper expression of homeotic loci, including Ultrabithorax and engrailed...
May 23, 2017: Mechanisms of Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549935/the-conserved-domain-in-morf-proteins-has-distinct-affinities-to-the-ppr-and-e-elements-in-ppr-rna-editing-factors
#16
Eszter Bayer-Császár, Sascha Haag, Anja Jörg, Franziska Glass, Barbara Härtel, Toshihiro Obata, Etienne H Meyer, Axel Brennicke, Mizuki Takenaka
In plant organelles specific nucleotide motifs at C to U RNA editing sites are recognized by the PLS-class of pentatricopeptide repeat (PPR) proteins, which are additionally characterized by a C-terminal E domain. The PPR elements bind the nucleotides in the target RNA, while the function of the E domain has remained unknown. At most sites RNA editing also requires multiple organellar RNA editing factor (MORF) proteins. To understand how these two types of proteins are involved in RNA editing complexes, we systematically analyzed their protein-protein interactions...
May 23, 2017: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549925/intracellular-domain-contacts-contribute-to-ecadherin-constitutive-dimerization-in-the-plasma-membrane
#17
Deo R Singh, Fozia Ahmed, Sarvenaz Sarabipour, Kalina Hristova
Epithelial cadherin (Ecadherin) is responsible for the intercellular cohesion of epithelial tissues. It forms lateral clusters within adherens cell-cell junctions, but its association state outside these clusters is unknown. Here we use a quantitative FRET approach to show that Ecadherin forms constitutive dimers, and that these dimers exist independently of the actin cytosletelon or cytoplasmic proteins. The dimers are stabilized by inter-molecular contacts that occur along the entire length of Ecadherin, with the intracellular domains having a surprisingly strong favorable contribution...
May 23, 2017: Journal of Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549920/dissecting-intrinsic-and-ligand-induced-structural-communication-in-the-%C3%AE-3-headpiece-of-integrins
#18
Angelo Felline, Michela Ghitti, Giovanna Musco, Francesca Fanelli
BACKGROUND: Graph theory is widely used to dissect structural communication in biomolecular systems. Here, graph theory-based approaches were applied to the headpiece of integrins, adhesion cell-surface receptors that transmit signals across the plasma membranes. METHODS: Protein Structure Network (PSN) analysis incorporating dynamic information either from molecular dynamics simulations or from Elastic Network Models was applied to the β3 domains from integrins αVβ3 and αIIbβ3 in their apo and ligand-bound states...
May 23, 2017: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549690/albumin-binding-domain-from-streptococcus-zooepidemicus-protein-zag-as-a-novel-strategy-to-improve-the-half-life-of-therapeutic-proteins
#19
Cátia Cantante, Sara Lourenço, Maurício Morais, João Leandro, Lurdes Gano, Nuno Silva, Paula Leandro, Mónica Serrano, Adriano O Henriques, Ana Andre, Catarina Cunha-Santos, Carlos Fontes, João D G Correia, Frederico Aires-da-Silva, Joao Goncalves
Recombinant antibody fragments belong to the promising class of biopharmaceuticals with high potential for future therapeutic applications. However, due to their small size they are rapidly cleared from circulation. Binding to serum proteins can be an effective approach to improve pharmacokinetic properties of short half-life molecules. Herein, we have investigated the Zag albumin-binding domain (ABD) derived from Streptococcus zooepidemicus as a novel strategy to improve the pharmacokinetic properties of therapeutic molecules...
May 23, 2017: Journal of Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549591/single-allele-lmbrd1-knockout-results-in-cardiac-hypertrophy
#20
Linda Tzu-Ling Tseng, Chieh-Liang Lin, Kuei-Hsiang Pan, Kai-Yuan Tzen, Ming-Jai Su, Chia-Ti Tsai, Yi-Han Li, Pai-Chi Li, Fu-Tien Chiang, Shin C Chang, Ming-Fu Chang
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: LMBD1 protein, a type IV-B plasma membrane protein possessing nine putative trans-membrane domains, was previously demonstrated at cellular level to play a critical part in the signaling cascade of insulin receptor through its involvement in regulating clathrin-mediated endocytosis. However, at physiological level, the significance of LMBD1 protein in cardiac development remains unclear. METHODS: To understand the role of Lmbrd1 gene involved in the cardiac function, heterozygous knockout mice were used as an animal model system...
May 23, 2017: Journal of the Formosan Medical Association, Taiwan Yi Zhi
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