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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445494/maternal-perception-of-children-s-nutritional-status-in-the-federal-district-brazil
#1
Jéssica Pedroso, Natacha Toral, Muriel Bauermann Gubert
Maternal perception of child's nutritional status has a potential impact on the identification, prevention, and treatment of childhood overweight. Thus, the aim of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of misperception and factors associated with maternal perception of the nutritional status of first- to third-grade elementary school students from private schools in the Federal District, Brazil. This cross-sectional study was conducted with 554 mother-child pairs. Children's nutritional status was assessed by measuring their weight and height...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444819/antenatal-maternal-hepatitis-b-care-is-a-predictor-of-timely-perinatal-administration-of-hepatitis-b-immunoglobulin
#2
Suong Tt Le, Lukas Sahhar, Stephanie Spring, William Sievert, Anouk T Dev
BACKGROUND: Mother-to-child transmission (MTCT) of hepatitis B virus continues to occur despite universal recommendations for neonatal immune prophylaxis therapy (IPT) and infant vaccination. AIM: To characterise the risk factors for failure to provide timely IPT and completion of the infant hepatitis B vaccination schedule for children born to mothers with Chronic Hepatitis B (CHB). METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study to assess compliance with universal guidelines for neonatal IPT for children born to CHB mothers at Monash Health, Australia from 2008 to 2013...
April 26, 2017: Internal Medicine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443997/-maternal-mental-health-a-risk-factor-affecting-the-social-and-emotional-well-being-of-mexican-children
#3
César Villaseñor, Jaqueline Calderón Hernández, Efraín Gaytán, Silvia Romero, Fernando Díaz-Barriga
Objectives: To estimate the prevalence of symptoms of depression and anxiety in mothers from three population areas in the state of San Luis Potosí, Mexico, and to analyze the association between these symptoms and the emotional health of their children. Methods: Assessment was conducted on 173 mother-child pairs from three different population areas: urban, rural, and indigenous rural. Women's symptoms of depression and anxiety were evaluated, together with their children's behavioral problems...
April 20, 2017: Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública, Pan American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443975/breastfeeding-assessment-instruments-and-their-use-in-clinical-practice
#4
Bárbara Tideman Sartorio, Kelly Pereira Coca, Karla Oliveira Marcacine, Érika de Sá Vieira Abuchaim, Ana Cristina Freitas de Vilhena Abrão
Objectives: To identify breastfeeding assessment tools, their application in clinical practice, and their validation and cross-cultural adaptation. Method: This is an integrative review of literature obtained from six databases and an online library, conducted from August 2014 to December 2015, without a temporal delimitation. Results: We identified 19 assessment tools, of which 12 were validated and five were cross-culturally adapted. In terms of adaptation, the tools were used to assess the risk of early weaning (BAPT) and the perception/behaviour of mothers during nursing (BSES-SF and IIFAS)...
April 20, 2017: Revista Gaúcha de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443574/parents-attitudes-and-adherence-to-unintentional-injury-prevention-measures-in-ankara-turkey
#5
Tolga İnce, Songül Yalçın, Kadriye Yurdakök
BACKGROUND: Childhood unintentional injuries are being perceived as a leading public health issue since they are one of the preventable causes of pediatric mortality and morbidity. Whether and how parental factors related to childhood injury are searched insufficiently. So, understanding what parents do to prevent injuries, how well these prevention strategies work, and what encourages these actions is essential to decrease unintentional injury risk and to develop effective injury prevention strategies...
April 6, 2017: Balkan Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443373/association-between-women-s-empowerment-and-maternal-and-child-nutrition-in-kalal%C3%A3-district-of-northern-benin
#6
Halimatou Alaofè, Min Zhu, Jennifer Burney, Rosamond Naylor, Taren Douglas
BACKGROUND: Evidence on effectiveness of women's empowerment (WE) to reduce undernutrition is limited in sub-Sahara Africa, and few studies incorporate multidimensional measures of WE. OBJECTIVE: To examine whether a WE status, in sum and across leadership, decision-making, mobility, economic security, male involvement in housework, and nonfamily group domains, is associated with women and their children nutritional status in Kalalé district of northern Benin. METHODS: Data were obtained from the 2014 Solar Market Garden baseline study: 767 paired reproductive-age women aged 15 to 49 years and children 6 to 59 months old...
January 1, 2017: Food and Nutrition Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443284/fecal-short-chain-fatty-acid-variations-by-breastfeeding-status-in-infants-at-4%C3%A2-months-differences-in-relative-versus-absolute-concentrations
#7
Sarah L Bridgman, Meghan B Azad, Catherine J Field, Andrea M Haqq, Allan B Becker, Piushkumar J Mandhane, Padmaja Subbarao, Stuart E Turvey, Malcolm R Sears, James A Scott, David S Wishart, Anita L Kozyrskyj
Our gut microbiota provide a number of important functions, one of which is the metabolism of dietary fiber and other macronutrients that are undigested by the host. The main products of this fermentation process are short-chain fatty acids (SCFAs) and other intermediate metabolites including lactate and succinate. Production of these metabolites is dependent on diet and gut microbiota composition. There is increasing evidence for the role of SCFAs in host physiology and metabolic processes as well as chronic inflammatory conditions such as allergic disease and obesity...
2017: Frontiers in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443275/integration-of-hiv-testing-into-maternal-newborn-and-child-health-weeks-for-improved-case-finding-and-linkage-to-prevention-of-mother-to-child-transmission-services-in-benue-state-nigeria
#8
Olusoji Akinleye, Gideon Dura, Arjan de Wagt, Abiola Davies, Dick Chamla
BACKGROUND: In Nigeria, maternal, newborn, and child health (MNCH) weeks are campaign-like events designed to accelerate progress toward Millennium Development Goals. The authors examined whether integrating HIV testing into MNCH weeks was feasible and could lead to increased case finding and linkage to prevention of mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT) services. METHODS: Pregnant women attending MNCH week during the first week of December 2014 in 13 local government areas in Benue State were provided with HIV tests and referrals to PMTCT services...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441926/timing-and-utilisation-of-antenatal-care-service-in-nigeria-and-malawi
#9
Vincent Z Kuuire, Joseph Kangmennaang, Kilian N Atuoye, Roger Antabe, Sheila A Boamah, Siera Vercillo, Jonathan A Amoyaw, Isaac Luginaah
As the world draws curtains on the implementation of Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), there is increasing interest in evaluating the performance of countries on the goals and assessing related challenges and opportunities to inform the upcoming Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). This study examined changes in the timing and utilisation of maternal health care services in Nigeria and Malawi; using multivariate negative log-log and logistic regression models fitted to demographic and health survey data sets...
June 2017: Global Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441925/maternal-and-child-health-in-africa-for-sustainable-development-goals-beyond-2015
#10
Ezekiel Kalipeni, Juliet Iwelunmor, Diana Grigsby-Toussaint
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: Global Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441842/-analysis-of-funding-of-projects-on-obstetrics-and-gynecology-supported-by-national-natural-science-foundation-of-china-from-2007-to-2016
#11
S H Qin, Q S Huang, S Z Yao
Objective: To summarize the funding of scientific research projects on obstetrics and gynecology by National Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC) from 2007 to 2016 and to display the hotspots of scientific research on obstetrics and gynecology. Methods: A systemic search was performed for the information of projects supported by NSFC from 2007 to 2016. The indicators for analysis included the number of projects, total investment, project categories, research units and research field. The research direction of each project was decided based on title, summary and key words provided by the profile of each project...
April 25, 2017: Zhonghua Fu Chan Ke za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441836/-clinical-value-of-prenatal-mri-in-the-diagnosis-of-fetal-simple-expansion-of-lateral-ventricle-and-follow-up-after-birth
#12
Z Li, P Y He, Z Q Luo, L M Pan, Y N Chen, G S Shen, Z H Fei, M Y Li, X M Fang, L H Qi, M S Liu
Objective: To explore the value of prenatal MRI in the diagnosis of fetal simple expansion of lateral ventricle (ventriculomegaly) , and follow up the nervous system development status after birth. Methods: Simple expansion of the lateral ventricle fetus by prenatal MRI examination were collected in Huzhou Maternal and Child Care Hospital from May 2013 to June 2015, 126 cases of live births in expansion group, 50 normal cases were recruited in the same period as the control group. In expansion group, fetal subgroup analysis was done: (1) unilateral or bilateral lateral ventricle expasion: one group was 98 cases was lateral ventricle expansion (77...
April 25, 2017: Zhonghua Fu Chan Ke za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440816/influences-of-prenatal-and-postnatal-maternal-depression-on-amygdala-volume-and-microstructure-in-young-children
#13
D J Wen, J S Poh, S N Ni, Y-S Chong, H Chen, K Kwek, L P Shek, P D Gluckman, M V Fortier, M J Meaney, A Qiu
Maternal depressive symptoms influence neurodevelopment in the offspring. Such effects may appear to be gender-dependent. The present study examined contributions of prenatal and postnatal maternal depressive symptoms to the volume and microstructure of the amygdala in 4.5-year-old boys and girls. Prenatal maternal depressive symptoms were measured using the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS) at 26 weeks of gestation. Postnatal maternal depression was assessed at 3 months using the EPDS and at 1, 2, 3 and 4...
April 25, 2017: Translational Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440693/maternal-history-of-child-abuse-and-obesity-risk-in-offspring-mediation-by-weight-in-pregnancy
#14
Stephanie A Leonard, Lucia C Petito, David H Rehkopf, Lorrene D Ritchie, Barbara Abrams
BACKGROUND: Women's experience of childhood adversity may contribute to their children's risk of obesity. Possible causal pathways include higher maternal weight and gestational weight gain, which have been associated with both maternal childhood adversity and obesity in offspring. METHODS: This study included 6718 mother-child pairs from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth 1979 in the United States (1979-2012). We applied multiple log-binomial regression models to estimate associations between three markers of childhood adversity (physical abuse, household alcoholism, and household mental illness) and offspring obesity in childhood...
April 25, 2017: Childhood Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438523/predictors-of-early-childbirth-among-female-adolescents-in-foster-care
#15
Bryn King, Melissa Van Wert
PURPOSE: Placement into foster care is driven by a number of factors, many of which are associated with adolescent childbirth. Yet, there are few studies that identify the experiences and characteristics that predict adolescent childbirth among girls who spend time in foster care. METHODS: A longitudinal, population-based data set was constructed by probabilistically matching California child protective service records for female foster youth to maternal information available on vital birth records for children born between 2001 and 2010...
April 21, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438209/selective-episiotomy-vs-implementation-of-a-non-episiotomy-protocol-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#16
M M Amorim, Isabela Cristina Coutinho, Inês Melo, Leila Katz
BACKGROUND: Despite all the evidence corroborating the selective use of episiotomy and although routine use of the procedure is contraindicated, there are no evidences corroborating if episiotomy is necessary in any circumstance. The present clinical randomized trial was performed to compare maternal and perinatal outcomes in women submitted to a non-episiotomy protocol versus one of selective episiotomy. METHODS: An open-labelled, randomized clinical trial was carried out in a tertiary teaching hospital in Recife, Northeastern Brazil...
April 24, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438148/maternal-blood-cadmium-lead-and-arsenic-levels-nutrient-combinations-and-offspring-birthweight
#17
Yiwen Luo, Lauren E McCullough, Jung-Ying Tzeng, Thomas Darrah, Avner Vengosh, Rachel L Maguire, Arnab Maity, Carmen Samuel-Hodge, Susan K Murphy, Michelle A Mendez, Cathrine Hoyo
BACKGROUND: Cadmium (Cd), lead (Pb) and arsenic (As) are common environmental contaminants that have been associated with lower birthweight. Although some essential metals may mitigate exposure, data are inconsistent. This study sought to evaluate the relationship between toxic metals, nutrient combinations and birthweight among 275 mother-child pairs. METHODS: Non-essential metals, Cd, Pb, As, and essential metals, iron (Fe), zinc (Zn), selenium (Se), copper (Cu), calcium (Ca), magnesium (Mg), and manganese (Mn) were measured in maternal whole blood obtained during the first trimester using inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry...
April 24, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438036/enhancing-periconceptional-health-by-targeting-postpartum-mothers-at-rural-wic-clinics
#18
Jini E Puma, Darcy Thompson, Katherine Baer, Matthew A Haemer, Kevin Gilbert, Michael Hambidge, Nancy F Krebs
The overall goal of this pilot quality improvement (QI) intervention was to (1) assess the feasibility of making a WIC (Women, Infants, and Children) systems-level change that added measurement of maternal weight and discussion of maternal health habits into each postpartum maternal and offspring visit in rural clinics in Colorado and (2) assess the impacts of the intervention on maternal diet, physical activity, and weight status. A mixed-method evaluation approach was used involving the collection of quantitative data (HeartSmartMoms usage reports, manual WIC chart reviews [to calculate screening rates], pre-/postsurveys, and weight status [body mass index]) and qualitative data (focus groups and project team meeting minutes)...
April 1, 2017: Health Promotion Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436552/systematic-review-with-meta-analysis-the-efficacy-and-safety-of-tenofovir-to-prevent-mother-to-child-transmission-of-hepatitis-b-virus
#19
REVIEW
M H Hyun, Y-S Lee, J H Kim, J H Je, Y J Yoo, J E Yeon, K S Byun
BACKGROUND: Preventing mother to child transmission of chronic hepatitis B infection in the setting of a high maternal viral load is challenging. The idea has emerged from antepartum tenofovir treatment with combination immunoprophylaxis. AIMS: To demonstrate the efficacy and safety of tenofovir to prevent mother to child transmission of hepatitis B virus. METHODS: PubMed, EMBASE, and Cochrane databases were searched through August 16, 2016...
April 24, 2017: Alimentary Pharmacology & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434427/prenatal-fish-oil-supplementation-and-early-childhood-development-in-the-upstate-kids-study
#20
K Vollet, A Ghassabian, R Sundaram, N Chahal, E H Yeung
Fish oil contains omega-3 fatty acids, which play a vital role in fetal growth and development. In utero exposure to omega-3 fatty acids is exclusively dependent on maternal nutrition. Previous studies have suggested that prenatal fish oil supplementation has positive impacts on child neurodevelopment later in life. This study examines the associations between fish oil supplementation both before pregnancy and throughout pregnancy and subsequent child development. Mother-child pairs from the Upstate KIDS Study, a birth cohort consisting of children born between 2008 and 2010, were included...
April 24, 2017: Journal of Developmental Origins of Health and Disease
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