keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Ventriculoperitoneal Shunt infections

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489741/salmonella-enterica-serovar-panama-meningitis-in-exclusive-breastfeeding-infants-report-of-4-cases-clinical-features-and-therapeutic-challenges
#1
Narcisse Elenga, Emma Cuadro, Laurence Long, Falucar Njuieyon, Elise Martin, Rémi Kom-Tchameni, Antoine Defo, Sitraka H Razafindrakoto, Yajaira Mrsic, Fanny Henaff, Aba Mahamat
RATIONALE: The pathway of Nontyphoid Salmonella meningitis, especially in exclusive breastfeeding infants, has not been well characterized. PATIENT CONCERNS: We analyzed data related to nontyphoid Salmonella meningitis in 4 infants. DIAGNOSES: No diarrhea was observed and the coproculture was negative for all patients. INTERVENTIONS: Early diagnosis and treatment with combination of third-generation cephalosporins plus quinolones for a minimum of 3 weeks is necessary to avoid severe sequelae and death...
May 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448725/endogenous-cryptococcal-endophthalmitis-in-immunocompetent-host-case-report-and-review-of-multimodal-imaging-findings-and-treatment
#2
Atchara Amphornphruet, Sukhum Silpa-Archa, Janine M Preble, C Stephen Foster
PURPOSE: To describe a case of bilateral endogenous cryptococcal endophthalmitis in an immunocompetent host and to review adjunctive ophthalmic imaging patterns and treatment. METHODS: A retrospective case report. RESULTS: A 45-year-old female patient with two distinct presentations of endogenous cryptococcal endophthalmitis in each eye presented initially with progressive blurred vision in the left eye, beginning more than 10 years after a craniotomy with ventriculoperitoneal shunt...
April 27, 2017: Ocular Immunology and Inflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434961/cranioplasty-infection-and-resorption-are-associated-with-presence-of-a-ventriculoperitoneal-shunt-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#3
REVIEW
Christian M Mustroph, James G Malcolm, Rima S Rindler, Jason K Chu, Jonathan A Grossberg, Gustavo Pradilla, Faiz U Ahmad
BACKGROUND: Following decompressive craniectomy, hydrocephalus is a common complication often requiring placement of a ventriculoperitoneal shunt (VPS). Complications in the presence of a VPS have been reported but without clear association. METHODS: PRISMA guidelines were used to perform a literature search using PubMed to identify articles that published the complication rates associated with staged or simultaneous cranioplasty and VPS. From event rates, odds ratios [OR, 95% Confidence Interval (CI)] of complications were calculated...
April 18, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433846/factors-associated-with-postoperative-complications-in-hydrocephalic-infants-diagnosed-at-bernard-mevs-hospital-in-port-au-prince-haiti-from-2011-to-2013
#4
Floreine-Jemima Joseph, Joseph Bernard, Sylvio Augustin
OBJECTIVE: Complications worsen the prognosis of hydrocephalic children who undergo surgery. The main objective of this study was to determine factors associated with postoperative complications in Haitian hydrocephalic infants. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study conducted on hydrocephalic infants diagnosed in a Haitian hospital from 2011 to 2013. Records were consulted to gather key variables that were evaluated in relation to the occurrence of postoperative complications...
April 19, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387641/papilledema-in-children-with-hydrocephalus-incidence-and-associated-factors
#5
Haeng Jin Lee, Ji Hoon Phi, Seung-Ki Kim, Kyu-Chang Wang, Seong-Joon Kim
OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to report the incidence of and the factors associated with papilledema in children with hydrocephalus. METHODS Patients younger than 15 years of age who had been diagnosed with hydrocephalus and treated by extra-ventricular drainage or ventriculoperitoneal shunt surgery between 2005 and 2015 were retrospectively reviewed. Factors including patient age and sex, etiology of hydrocephalus, duration of signs or symptoms, intracranial pressure (ICP), and presence of papilledema were evaluated...
April 7, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384379/repeated-lumbar-or-ventricular-punctures-in-newborns-with-intraventricular-haemorrhage
#6
REVIEW
Andrew Whitelaw, Richard Lee-Kelland
BACKGROUND: Although in recent years the percentage of preterm infants who suffer intraventricular haemorrhage (IVH) has reduced, posthaemorrhagic hydrocephalus (PHH) remains a serious problem with a high rate of cerebral palsy and no evidence-based treatment. Survivors often have to undergo ventriculoperitoneal shunt (VPS) surgery, which makes the child permanently dependent on a valve and catheter system. This carries a significant risk of infection and the need for surgical revision of the shunt...
April 6, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377285/reducing-length-of-stay-in-aneurysmal-subarachnoid-hemorrhage-a-three-year-institutional-experience
#7
Ali Alaraj, Ahmed E Hussein, Darian R Esfahani, Sepideh Amin-Hanjani, Victor A Aletich, Fady T Charbel
Hospital length of stay is a common metric of excellence in health care. With limited data evaluating hospital length of stay (LOS) and cost in subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH), in this study we explore multiple prognostic factors and present our institutional experience in shortening LOS. 345 SAH patients were reviewed over a three year period. Patient demographics, hemorrhage grade, hospital course, hospital costs, and LOS were reviewed. Angiogram-negative SAH, Hunt and Hess (HH) Grade 5, and early mortalities were excluded...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28347957/ventriculoatrial-versus-ventriculoperitoneal-shunt-complications-in-idiopathic-normal-pressure-hydrocephalus
#8
Alice L Hung, Tito Vivas-Buitrago, Atif Adam, Jennifer Lu, Jamie Robison, Benjamin D Elder, C Rory Goodwin, Ignacio Jusué-Torres, Daniele Rigamonti
BACKGROUND: Idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus (iNPH) is a devastating condition that affects the elderly population. Although ventriculoatrial (VA) shunts can be used to manage iNPH, concerns for associated cardiopulmonary and renal complications have decreased their use. However, the rate of these complications is not well understood within this population of patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A retrospective review of the electronic medical records of patients diagnosed with iNPH by the senior author between 1993 and 2015 was performed...
March 18, 2017: Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344917/fatal-complications-after-pediatric-surgical-interventions-lessons-learned
#9
Willemijn M Klein, Mayke E Van der Putten, Benno Kusters, Bas H Verhoeven
Placement of catheters, drains, shunts, and tubes in children can lead to serious or even fatal complications at the moment of placement, such as hemorrhage at insertion, or in the longterm, such as infections and migration into adjacent organs. The clinician should always be aware of these potential complications, especially if the child is unwell. For postmortem diagnostic evaluation, either with a computed tomography scan or an invasive autopsy, all tubes, drains, shunts, and/or catheters should be left in situ...
January 2017: European Journal of Pediatric Surgery Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329191/management-of-ventriculoperitoneal-shunt-infections-in-adults-analysis-of-risk-factors-associated-with-treatment-failure
#10
Iván Pelegrín, Jaime Lora-Tamayo, Joan Gómez-Junyent, Nuria Sabé, Dolors García-Somoza, Andreu Gabarrós, Javier Ariza, Pedro Fernández Viladrich, Carmen Cabellos
Background.: Little is known regarding the optimal treatment of ventriculoperitoneal (VP) shunt infections in adults. Our aim was to assess the efficacy of treatment strategies and to identify factors that predict failure. Methods.: Retrospective, observational study of patients aged ≥12 years with VP shunt infections (1980 -2014). Therapeutic approaches were classified under 4 headings: only antibiotics (OA), one-stage shunt replacement (OSSR), two-stage shunt replacement (TSSR), and shunt removal without replacement (SR)...
April 15, 2017: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320186/neurological-complications-after-tuberculous-meningitis-in-a-multi-state-cohort-in-the-united-states
#11
Alexander E Merkler, Alexandra S Reynolds, Gino Gialdini, Nicholas A Morris, Santosh B Murthy, Kiran Thakur, Hooman Kamel
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: To assess the rate of neurological complications and mortality after tuberculous meningitis in the United States. METHODS: The authors performed a retrospective cohort study of all patients 18years or older hospitalized for tuberculous meningitis in California between 2005 and 2010, New York between 2006 and 2012, and Florida between 2005 and 2012. Outcomes of interest were mortality and the following neurological complications: stroke, seizure, hydrocephalus requiring a ventriculoperitoneal shunt, vision impairment, and hearing impairment...
April 15, 2017: Journal of the Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291426/case-report-of-a-6-year-old-girl-with-mycoplasma-hominis-ventriculoperitoneal-shunt-infection
#12
Masanori Sato, Noriko Kubota, Yoshihiko Katsuyama, Yota Suzuki, Yosuke Miyairi, Kisei Minami, Masashi Kasai
Mycoplasma hominis is a rare causative pathogen for surgical site infections after neurosurgical procedures. This organism lacks a cell wall, rendering it undetectable by Gram staining and making it resistant to beta-lactam antibiotics. In addition, some special techniques are required to identify this organism. Thus, it is very difficult to diagnose infections caused by this pathogen. Here, the authors report a pediatric case of M. hominis ventriculoperitoneal shunt (VPS) infection with central nervous system involvement for which beta-lactam antibiotics were not effective and Gram staining revealed no pathogens...
May 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277297/prevention-of-ventriculoperitoneal-shunt-complications-after-intraperitoneal-urological-surgeries
#13
Takashi Ikeda, Sayaka Akiyama, Woo Jin Kim, Susumu Ito, Yuichiro Yamazaki
PURPOSE: To evaluate perioperative management for the prevention of postoperative shunt infection and malfunction after intraperitoneal urological surgery in patients with myelodysplasia and a ventriculoperitoneal shunt. METHODS: From 2005 to 2015, 20 consecutive patients with myelodysplasia and a ventriculoperitoneal shunt who underwent intraperitoneal urological surgeries were managed with the same perioperative regimen. Intraperitoneal surgeries involved opening gastrointestinal tracts, including bladder augmentation by enterocystoplasty, creating continent catheterizable channels and Malone antegrade continent enema...
October 14, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28249297/cerebrospinal-fluid-shunting-complications-in-children
#14
Brian W Hanak, Robert H Bonow, Carolyn A Harris, Samuel R Browd
Although cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) shunt placement is the most common procedure performed by pediatric neurosurgeons, shunts remain among the most failure-prone life-sustaining medical devices implanted in modern medical practice. This article provides an overview of the mechanisms of CSF shunt failure for the 3 most commonly employed definitive CSF shunts in the practice of pediatric neurosurgery: ventriculoperitoneal, ventriculopleural, and ventriculoatrial. The text has been partitioned into the broad modes of shunt failure: obstruction, infection, mechanical shunt failure, overdrainage, and distal catheter site-specific failures...
March 2, 2017: Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239499/a-dual-case-of-peritonitis-and-central-nervous-system-infection-caused-by-nutritionally-variant-streptococcal-species
#15
Sussi Vivar, Jennifer E Girotto, Thomas S Murray
Nutritional variant streptococci (NVS) are difficult to identify bacteria that can cause invasive infections such as endocarditis and meningitis. NVS as a cause of peritonitis has not been routinely described. This case of NVS as the etiology of peritonitis associated with previous neurosurgery and ventriculoperitoneal (VP) shunt revision demonstrates its potential role as a significant pathogen in patients with peritonitis and VP shunts. Therapy consists of vancomycin plus a second agent but since there are no standards for susceptibility testing, clinical response remains the standard for determining the efficacy of treatment...
2017: Case Reports in Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203330/risk-factors-for-health-care-associated-bloodstream-infections-in-a-neonatal-intensive-care-unit
#16
Sabahattin Ertugrul, Fesih Aktar, Ilyas Yolbas, Ahmet Yilmaz, Bilal Elbey, Ahmet Yildirim, Kamil Yilmaz, Recep Tekin
BACKGROUND: Healthcare-associated bloodstream infections (HCA-BSI) are a major cause of morbidity and mortality in neonatal intensive care units (NICUs). OBJECTIVES: We aimed to determine the causative organisms and risk factors of HCA-BSIs in NICUs. METHODS: This study was performed between January 2011 and December 2014 in the neonatal intensive care unit of Dicle university, Turkey. The study consisted of 126 patients (infected group) with positive blood culture and 126 randomly selected patients (uninfected control group) with negative blood culture after four days of hospitalization...
October 2016: Iranian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192850/intramuscular-migration-of-venous-catheter-as-a-rare-complication-of-ventriculoatrial-shunt-case-report-and-literature-review
#17
Cheng-Che Hung, Hao-Yu Chuang, Hung-Lin Lin, Yen-Tse Chu, Cheng Hsin Cheng
The most common procedure to manage hydrocephalus is a ventriculoperitoneal shunt. Other alternatives include a ventriculoatrial (VA) shunt, ventriculopleural shunt, lumboperitoneal shunt, or ventriculocisternal shunt. The VA shunt is a relatively rare procedure for hydrocephalus. As reported, several complications of VA shunt include obstructions, malposition, shunt infections, endocarditis, heart failure, tricuspid regurgitation, intra-atrial thrombus, and pulmonary hypertension. In this case report and literature review, we discuss a rare case of intramuscular migration of a venous tube 1 year after VA shunt implantation...
February 13, 2017: Journal of Neurological Surgery. Part A, Central European Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186447/cranioplasty-with-autogenous-bone-flaps-cryopreserved-in-povidone-iodine-a-long-term-follow-up-study
#18
Jian Zhang, Fei Peng, Zhuang Liu, Jinli Luan, Xingming Liu, Chang Fei, Xueyuan Heng
OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to investigate the long-term therapeutic efficacy of cranioplasty with autogenous bone flaps cryopreserved in povidone iodine and explore the risk factors for bone resorption. METHODS Clinical data and follow-up results of 188 patients (with 211 bone flaps) who underwent cranioplasty with autogenous bone flaps cryopreserved in povidone-iodine were retrospectively analyzed. Bone flap resorption was classified into 3 types according to CT features, including bone flap thinning (Type I), reduced bone density (Type II), and osteolysis within the flaps (Type III)...
February 10, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28180935/clinicopathological-features-and-microsurgical-outcomes-for-giant-pediatric-intracranial-tumor-in-60-consecutive-cases
#19
Ailing Guo, Vigneyshwar Suresh, Xianzhi Liu, Fuyou Guo
PURPOSE: Giant pediatric intracranial tumor (GPIT) remains to be a challenging disease with high morbidity and mortality. METHODS: The clinical data of 60 patients under 18 years of age operated on with GPIT (≥5 cm in diameter) were retrospectively analyzed. RESULTS: Gross total resection was achieved in 46 cases (77%) and subtotal resection was obtained in 14 cases (23%). Ninety percent (47/52) of the cases with obstructive hydrocephalus were resolved remarkably and only 10% (5/52) of the patients needed a ventriculoperitoneal shunt after tumor resection...
March 2017: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28147383/incidence-of-secondary-hydrocephalus-after-excision-of-huge-encephaloceles-in-neonates-case-study
#20
Ehab Ahmed El Refaee, Mohamed Ibrahim Refaat, Mohamed Reda
Background Encephaloceles presents as a protrusion of the cranial contents through a defect in the cranium. The most common sites of occurrence are the occipital and frontonasal regions. The surgical outcome is reported to be satisfactory; however, the incidence of hydrocephalus in patients with encephaloceles is variable in the literature. This study investigated the relationship between the size of the encephaloceles and the occurrence of hydrocephalus. Patient and Methods Data of all neonates with encephaloceles who presented to our institution from September 2012 to September 2014 were collected...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Neurological Surgery. Part A, Central European Neurosurgery
keyword
keyword
115978
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"