keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Ventriculoperitoneal Shunt infections

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704823/different-behavior-and-response-of-staphylococcus-epidermidis-and-streptococcus-pneumoniae-to-a-ventriculoperitoneal-shunt-an-in-vitro-study
#1
Vahid Heidari, Zohreh Habibi, Ahmadreza Hojjati Marvasti, Zahra Ebrahim Soltani, Negin Naderian, Parvin Tanzifi, Farideh Nejat
BACKGROUND: Pneumococcal shunt infection is a rare event. There is no consensus on the therapeutic management of this kind of shunt infection according to literature reviews, and it seems to be different from infection with Staphylococcus epidermidis. We studied 2 shunted patients with pneumococcal meningitis, both of whom were treated with only antibiotics. The management of these cases seems to be different from that of shunt catheter infection due to these bacteria. We conducted a laboratory study to show the different behavior of pneumococcus compared to S...
July 14, 2017: Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28694609/role-of-biofilm-in-cerebrospinal-fluid-shunt-infections-a-study-at-tertiary-neurocare-center-from-south-india
#2
Kirtilaxmi K Benachinmardi, R Ravikumar, B Indiradevi
INTRODUCTION: Biofilms are the source of persistent infections of many pathogenic microbes. They are responsible for nosocomial infection and also associated with many surgical conditions including indwelling medical devices such as ventriculoperitoneal shunt. A significant problem encountered in shunt procedures is obstruction followed by infection, with infection rate ranging from 2% to 27%, often with poor outcome. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study was conducted in the Department of Neuromicrobiology at a tertiary neuroinstitute for 6 months from July 1 to December 31, 2014...
July 2017: Journal of Neurosciences in Rural Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28694572/pediatric-ventriculoperitoneal-shunts-and-their-complications-an-analysis
#3
Nitin Agarwal, Ram Mohan Shukla, Deepika Agarwal, Kaustubh Gupta, Rohtash Luthra, Jalaj Gupta, Sunny Jain
INTRODUCTION: Ventriculoperitoneal (VP) shunt is the most commonly utilized shunting procedure because of the capacity of the peritoneum to resorb fluid. Initial and subsequent peritoneal catheter placements can be done with relative ease. They are associated with a variety of complications. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The total number of patients operated in the study period was 96. We studied 41 operated patients of VP shunt who had various shunt-related complications and analyzed the predisposing risk factors and spectrum of complications...
July 2017: Journal of Indian Association of Pediatric Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28687690/cryptococcal-meningitis-causing-obstructive-hydrocephalus-in-a-patient-on-fingolimod
#4
Chengde Pham, Iwan Bennett, Rondhir Jithoo
Cryptococcosis is a recognised opportunistic infection in immunocompromised patients. The long-term adverse effect profile of fingolimod, an immunomodulating agent approved for use in multiple sclerosis in 2010, is only just emerging. We report the first case to our knowledge of a patient presenting with obstructive hydrocephalus secondary to cryptococcal meningitis in the setting of fingolimod therapy. Extensive posterior fossa leptomeningeal inflammation with associated cerebellar oedema resulted in effacement of the fourth ventricle and obstructive hydrocephalus requiring urgent ventriculostomy...
July 6, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678056/enlarged-vestibular-aqueduct-syndrome-sudden-hearing-loss-in-a-child-with-a-cerebral-shunt
#5
Wendi-Jo Wendt, Andrew Hashikawa
Enlarged vestibular aqueduct syndrome (EVAS) is the most common congenital ear anomaly that causes sensorineural hearing loss in children and may predispose a child to sudden hearing loss from sudden pressure changes or minor head trauma. We report a case of a 4-year-old boy with a history of a ventriculoperitoneal shunt and migraines who presented to the emergency department with parental and child care provider reports of acute hearing loss, without a history of trauma, infection, or hardware malfunction, who was diagnosed with bilateral EVAS...
July 4, 2017: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622424/migration-of-the-distal-catheter-of-the-ventriculoperitoneal-shunt-in-hydrocephalus-a-comprehensive-analytical-review-from-an-anatomical-perspective
#6
REVIEW
Mohammed Z Allouh, Mohammed M Al Barbarawi, Hasan A Asfour, Raed S Said
There have been many reports on migration of the distal catheter of the ventriculoperitoneal shunt (VPS) since this phenomenon was recognized 50 years ago. However, there have been no attempts to analyze its different patterns or to assess these patterns in terms of potential risk to patients. We comprehensively reviewed all reports of distal VPS catheter migration indexed in PubMed and identified three different anatomical patterns of migration based on catheter extension and organs involved: (1) internal, when the catheter invades any viscus inside the thoracic, abdominal, or pelvic cavity; (2) external, when the catheter penetrates through the body wall either incompletely (subcutaneously) or completely (outside the body); and (3) compound, when the catheter penetrates a hollow viscus and protrudes through a pre-existing anatomical orifice...
June 16, 2017: Clinical Anatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616154/cutaneous-presentation-of-gastrointestinal-adenocarcinoma
#7
Aditi Halder, Artiene Tatian, A Cristina Vargas, Rooshdiya Karim, Mark Latt
Seeding of a central nervous system malignancy to the abdominal cavity is an uncommon but well documented complication of a ventriculoperitoneal (VP) shunt. However, the metastasis of a primary gastrointestinal cancer to the skin via a VP shunt is extremely rare. We report the clinical case of an 85-year-old male who presented with a right upper quadrant nodule over his shunt, which on histopathology and tumour marker profile was diagnosed as an adenocarcinoma of likely upper gastrointestinal origin. This case illustrates the importance of proceeding to biopsy to inform prognosis and management, despite the risks of shunt infection...
June 2017: Journal of Surgical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584681/abdominal-pseudocyst-as-a-complication-of-ventriculoperitoneal-shunt-placement-review-of-the-literature-and-a-proposed-algorithm-for-treatment-using-4-illustrative-cases
#8
Samir Kashyap, Hammad Ghanchi, Tanya Minasian, Fanglong Dong, Dan Miulli
BACKGROUND: Ventriculoperitoneal (VP) shunt placement is one of the most commonly performed procedures in neurosurgery. One rare complication is the formation of an abdominal pseudocyst, which can cause shunt malfunction. CASE DESCRIPTIONS: We present four unique cases of abdominal pseudocyst formation. Our first patient initially presented with a right upper quadrant pseudocyst. Shunt was externalized and the distal end was revised with placement of catheter on the opposite side...
2017: Surgical Neurology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28553391/aspergillus-growth-within-ventriculoperitoneal-shunt-tube
#9
Vikas Kumar, Poonam Sood Loomba, Daljit Singh, Ravindra Kumar Saran
Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) shunt failure is commonly associated with infection or mechanical obstruction of the shunt system. A 4-year-old male child who had undergone multiple shunt revisions at another hospital for congenital hydrocephalus and later for shunt obstruction, presented with exposed shunt at the supraclavicular region. Shunt revision was performed. The CSF culture showed no growth; however, the histopathological examination of shunt tube showed Aspergillus growth inside the lumen of silicone tube well away from the tip of ventriculoperitoneal shunt...
January 2017: Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489741/salmonella-enterica-serovar-panama-meningitis-in-exclusive-breastfeeding-infants-report-of-4-cases-clinical-features-and-therapeutic-challenges
#10
Narcisse Elenga, Emma Cuadro, Laurence Long, Falucar Njuieyon, Elise Martin, Rémi Kom-Tchameni, Antoine Defo, Sitraka H Razafindrakoto, Yajaira Mrsic, Fanny Henaff, Aba Mahamat
RATIONALE: The pathway of Nontyphoid Salmonella meningitis, especially in exclusive breastfeeding infants, has not been well characterized. PATIENT CONCERNS: We analyzed data related to nontyphoid Salmonella meningitis in 4 infants. DIAGNOSES: No diarrhea was observed and the coproculture was negative for all patients. INTERVENTIONS: Early diagnosis and treatment with combination of third-generation cephalosporins plus quinolones for a minimum of 3 weeks is necessary to avoid severe sequelae and death...
May 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448725/endogenous-cryptococcal-endophthalmitis-in-immunocompetent-host-case-report-and-review-of-multimodal-imaging-findings-and-treatment
#11
Atchara Amphornphruet, Sukhum Silpa-Archa, Janine M Preble, C Stephen Foster
PURPOSE: To describe a case of bilateral endogenous cryptococcal endophthalmitis in an immunocompetent host and to review adjunctive ophthalmic imaging patterns and treatment. METHODS: A retrospective case report. RESULTS: A 45-year-old female patient with two distinct presentations of endogenous cryptococcal endophthalmitis in each eye presented initially with progressive blurred vision in the left eye, beginning more than 10 years after a craniotomy with ventriculoperitoneal shunt...
April 27, 2017: Ocular Immunology and Inflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434961/cranioplasty-infection-and-resorption-are-associated-with-the-presence-of-a-ventriculoperitoneal-shunt-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#12
REVIEW
Christian M Mustroph, James G Malcolm, Rima S Rindler, Jason K Chu, Jonathan A Grossberg, Gustavo Pradilla, Faiz U Ahmad
BACKGROUND: Following decompressive craniectomy, hydrocephalus is a common complication often necessitating placement of a ventriculoperitoneal shunt (VPS). Complications in the presence of a VPS have been reported, but a clear association has not been established. METHODS: PRISMA guidelines were used to perform a literature search using PubMed to identify articles that published the complication rates associated with staged or simultaneous cranioplasty and VPS placement...
July 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433846/factors-associated-with-postoperative-complications-in-hydrocephalic-infants-diagnosed-at-bernard-mevs-hospital-in-port-au-prince-haiti-from-2011-to-2013
#13
Floreine-Jemima Joseph, Joseph Bernard, Sylvio Augustin
OBJECTIVE: Complications worsen the prognosis of hydrocephalic children who undergo surgery. The main objective of this study was to determine factors associated with postoperative complications in Haitian infants with hydrocephaly. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study conducted on hydrocephalic infants diagnosed in a Haitian hospital from 2011 to 2013. Records were consulted to gather key variables that were evaluated in relation to the occurrence of postoperative complications...
July 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387641/papilledema-in-children-with-hydrocephalus-incidence-and-associated-factors
#14
Haeng Jin Lee, Ji Hoon Phi, Seung-Ki Kim, Kyu-Chang Wang, Seong-Joon Kim
OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to report the incidence of and the factors associated with papilledema in children with hydrocephalus. METHODS Patients younger than 15 years of age who had been diagnosed with hydrocephalus and treated by extra-ventricular drainage or ventriculoperitoneal shunt surgery between 2005 and 2015 were retrospectively reviewed. Factors including patient age and sex, etiology of hydrocephalus, duration of signs or symptoms, intracranial pressure (ICP), and presence of papilledema were evaluated...
June 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384379/repeated-lumbar-or-ventricular-punctures-in-newborns-with-intraventricular-haemorrhage
#15
REVIEW
Andrew Whitelaw, Richard Lee-Kelland
BACKGROUND: Although in recent years the percentage of preterm infants who suffer intraventricular haemorrhage (IVH) has reduced, posthaemorrhagic hydrocephalus (PHH) remains a serious problem with a high rate of cerebral palsy and no evidence-based treatment. Survivors often have to undergo ventriculoperitoneal shunt (VPS) surgery, which makes the child permanently dependent on a valve and catheter system. This carries a significant risk of infection and the need for surgical revision of the shunt...
April 6, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377285/reducing-length-of-stay-in-aneurysmal-subarachnoid-hemorrhage-a-three-year-institutional-experience
#16
Ali Alaraj, Ahmed E Hussein, Darian R Esfahani, Sepideh Amin-Hanjani, Victor A Aletich, Fady T Charbel
Hospital length of stay is a common metric of excellence in health care. With limited data evaluating hospital length of stay (LOS) and cost in subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH), in this study we explore multiple prognostic factors and present our institutional experience in shortening LOS. 345 SAH patients were reviewed over a three year period. Patient demographics, hemorrhage grade, hospital course, hospital costs, and LOS were reviewed. Angiogram-negative SAH, Hunt and Hess (HH) Grade 5, and early mortalities were excluded...
August 2017: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28347957/ventriculoatrial-versus-ventriculoperitoneal-shunt-complications-in-idiopathic-normal-pressure-hydrocephalus
#17
Alice L Hung, Tito Vivas-Buitrago, Atif Adam, Jennifer Lu, Jamie Robison, Benjamin D Elder, C Rory Goodwin, Ignacio Jusué-Torres, Daniele Rigamonti
BACKGROUND: Idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus (iNPH) is a devastating condition that affects the elderly population. Although ventriculoatrial (VA) shunts can be used to manage iNPH, concerns for associated cardiopulmonary and renal complications have decreased their use. However, the rate of these complications is not well understood within this population of patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A retrospective review of the electronic medical records of patients diagnosed with iNPH by the senior author between 1993 and 2015 was performed...
June 2017: Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344917/fatal-complications-after-pediatric-surgical-interventions-lessons-learned
#18
Willemijn M Klein, Mayke E Van der Putten, Benno Kusters, Bas H Verhoeven
Placement of catheters, drains, shunts, and tubes in children can lead to serious or even fatal complications at the moment of placement, such as hemorrhage at insertion, or in the longterm, such as infections and migration into adjacent organs. The clinician should always be aware of these potential complications, especially if the child is unwell. For postmortem diagnostic evaluation, either with a computed tomography scan or an invasive autopsy, all tubes, drains, shunts, and/or catheters should be left in situ...
January 2017: European Journal of Pediatric Surgery Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329191/management-of-ventriculoperitoneal-shunt-infections-in-adults-analysis-of-risk-factors-associated-with-treatment-failure
#19
Iván Pelegrín, Jaime Lora-Tamayo, Joan Gómez-Junyent, Nuria Sabé, Dolors García-Somoza, Andreu Gabarrós, Javier Ariza, Pedro Fernández Viladrich, Carmen Cabellos
Background: Little is known regarding the optimal treatment of ventriculoperitoneal (VP) shunt infections in adults. Our aim was to assess the efficacy of treatment strategies and to identify factors that predict failure. Methods: Retrospective, observational study of patients aged ≥12 years with VP shunt infections (1980 -2014). Therapeutic approaches were classified under 4 headings: only antibiotics (OA), one-stage shunt replacement (OSSR), two-stage shunt replacement (TSSR), and shunt removal without replacement (SR)...
April 15, 2017: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320186/neurological-complications-after-tuberculous-meningitis-in-a-multi-state-cohort-in-the-united-states
#20
Alexander E Merkler, Alexandra S Reynolds, Gino Gialdini, Nicholas A Morris, Santosh B Murthy, Kiran Thakur, Hooman Kamel
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: To assess the rate of neurological complications and mortality after tuberculous meningitis in the United States. METHODS: The authors performed a retrospective cohort study of all patients 18years or older hospitalized for tuberculous meningitis in California between 2005 and 2010, New York between 2006 and 2012, and Florida between 2005 and 2012. Outcomes of interest were mortality and the following neurological complications: stroke, seizure, hydrocephalus requiring a ventriculoperitoneal shunt, vision impairment, and hearing impairment...
April 15, 2017: Journal of the Neurological Sciences
keyword
keyword
115978
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"