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sepsis in nafld

Eun Jung Park, Young Min Kim, Hye Jung Kim, Se-Yun Jang, Moo Hyun Oh, Duck-Hyung Lee, Ki Churl Chang
Obesity-associated non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) increases coagulation and inflammation. We hypothesized that (S)YS-51, an agent found to be beneficial in animal models of sepsis, may reduce NAFLD in high-fat diet (HFD) mice by reducing coagulation and inflammation. C57BL/6 mice were fed either a chow diet or HFD and each was supplemented with or without (S)YS-51 (10mg/kg, daily, i.p.) for 16 weeks. The results showed that HFD caused significant increases in lipogenesis [CD36, fatty acid synthase (FAS) and sterol response element binding protein (SREBP)-1c mRNA and protein], inflammation [monocyte chemotactic protein (MCP)-1, tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α, intercellular cell adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1), TGF-β, and procollagen type 1 mRNA, macrophage infiltration] and coagulation [tissue factor (TF) and plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1) mRNA and thrombin antithrombin complex (TAT)] in the liver, adipose tissue and serum, which were significantly reduced by (S)YS-51...
October 5, 2016: European Journal of Pharmacology
Lisanne C Anders, Anna L Lang, Anwar Anwar-Mohamed, Amanda N Douglas, Adrienne M Bushau, Keith Cameron Falkner, Bradford G Hill, Nikole L Warner, Gavin E Arteel, Matt Cave, Craig J McClain, Juliane I Beier
Vinyl chloride (VC) is a ubiquitous environmental contaminant for which human risk is incompletely understood. We have previously reported that high occupational exposure to VC directly caused liver damage in humans. However, whether VC may also potentiate liver injury from other causes is not known. C57Bl/6J mice were administered chloroethanol (CE), a major metabolite of VC, and lipopolysaccharide (LPS) 24 h after CE. Samples were harvested for determination of liver damage, inflammation, and changes in carbohydrate and lipid metabolism...
June 2016: Toxicological Sciences: An Official Journal of the Society of Toxicology
Elona Tula, Tulin Ergun, Dilek Seckin, Zuleyha Ozgen, Erol Avsar
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Psoriasis patients have a higher risk of liver abnormalities such as non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), drug-induced hepatitis, alcoholic hepatitis and neutrophilic cholangitis, than the general population. Associated liver disease limits therapeutic options and necessitates careful monitoring. The aim of the study was to identify liver problems in psoriasis patients and to investigate the underlying causes as well as their course. METHODS: The files of 518 psoriasis patients were retrospectively reviewed...
February 24, 2016: Australasian Journal of Dermatology
Xiaofei Wang, Jingdong Li, D R Riaz, Gang Shi, Chongqing Liu, Yi Dai
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Little is known about outcomes of patients with nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) who receive liver transplants. We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis to estimate post-transplant outcomes, survival times, and mortality from cardiovascular complications, sepsis, and graft failure in these patients. METHODS: We searched PubMed and EMBASE, and Cochrane library and Web of Science databases for studies published through September 1, 2012 of patients who underwent liver transplantation for NASH or nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD)...
March 2014: Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology
James P Hardwick, Katie Eckman, Yoon Kwang Lee, Mohamed A Abdelmegeed, Andrew Esterle, William M Chilian, John Y Chiang, Byoung-Joon Song
Chronic persistent inflammation plays a significant role in disease pathology of cancer, cardiovascular disease, and metabolic syndrome (MetS). MetS is a constellation of diseases that include obesity, diabetes, hypertension, dyslipidemia, hypertriglyceridemia, and hypercholesterolemia. Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is associated with many of the MetS diseases. These metabolic derangements trigger a persistent inflammatory cascade, which includes production of lipid autacoids (eicosanoids) that recruit immune cells to the site of injury and subsequent expression of cytokines and chemokines that amplify the inflammatory response...
2013: Advances in Pharmacology
Alexander R Moschen, Romana R Gerner, Herbert Tilg
Whereas prototypic adipocytokines such as adiponectin or leptin are mainly derived from adipocytes, others such as pre-B cell colony enhancing factor (PBEF)/nicotinamide phosphoribosyl transferase (NAMPT)/visfatin or resistin are produced by various cell types throughout the body. Although first discovery of this molecule as PBEF suggested primarily a cytokine function, its rediscovery as the key enzyme in nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD) generation has considerably widened its biological perspective...
June 2010: Current Pharmaceutical Design
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