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intoxication levodopa

Irfan Tursun, Gokhan Tazegul, Ogur Karhan, Neslihan Gunes, Ece Ulukal, Muge Arpali Atcakarlar, Tolgahan Akca, Erkan Coban
UNLABELLED: Lithium is frequently used as a mood stabilizer in patients with mood disorders. Lithium has a narrow therapeutic index and high toxicity. Predisposing factors for intoxication are advanced age, diet disturbances, comorbid medical conditions affecting heart, kidneys or central nervous system and polypharmacy. CASE REPORT: Here we present a case of a 74-year-old woman with a history of Parkinson's disease, hypertension and bipolar disorder. She was using quetiapine, valsartan with hydrochlorothiazide and levodopa with carbidopa...
July 2015: Folia Medica
Hayat Belaid, Joelle Adrien, Carine Karachi, Etienne C Hirsch, Chantal François
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate and compare the effects of melatonin and levodopa (L-dopa) on sleep disorders in a monkey model of Parkinson's disease. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The daytime and nighttime sleep patterns of four macaques that were rendered parkinsonian by administration of 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP) were recorded using polysomnography in four conditions: at baseline, during the parkinsonian condition; after administration of L-dopa, and after administration of a combination of melatonin with L-dopa...
October 2015: Sleep Medicine
Tomás R Guilarte, Kalynda K Gonzales
Movement abnormalities caused by chronic manganese (Mn) intoxication clinically resemble but are not identical to those in idiopathic Parkinson's disease. In fact, the most successful parkinsonian drug treatment, the dopamine precursor levodopa, is ineffective in alleviating Mn-induced motor symptoms, implying that parkinsonism in Mn-exposed individuals may not be linked to midbrain dopaminergic neuron cell loss. Over the last decade, supporting evidence from human and nonhuman primates has emerged that Mn-induced parkinsonism partially results from damage to basal ganglia nuclei of the striatal "direct pathway" (ie, the caudate/putamen, internal globus pallidus, and substantia nigra pars reticulata) and a marked inhibition of striatal dopamine release in the absence of nigrostriatal dopamine terminal degeneration...
August 2015: Toxicological Sciences: An Official Journal of the Society of Toxicology
Meir Kestenbaum, Stanley Fahn
INTRODUCTION: Levodopa (LD) is the most effective treatment for Parkinson's disease (PD). However, chronic use of LD commonly results in the development of motor complications, including wearing off and dyskinesia. The presumption that the short serum half-life of LD is associated with the development of motor complications has raised the need to develop treatments with increased durations of stable LD concentrations. AREAS COVERED: We conducted a PubMed search for IPX066 articles and also reviewed abstracts from meetings that included this topic...
May 2015: Expert Opinion on Drug Safety
Cecilia Bonnet, Jan Rusz, Marika Megrelishvili, Tomáš Sieger, Olga Matoušková, Michael Okujava, Hana Brožová, Tomáš Nikolai, Jaromír Hanuška, Mariam Kapianidze, Nina Mikeladze, Nazi Botchorishvili, Irine Khatiashvili, Marina Janelidze, Tereza Serranová, Ondřej Fiala, Jan Roth, Jonas Bergquist, Robert Jech, Sophie Rivaud-Péchoux, Bertrand Gaymard, Evžen Růžička
Patients with ephedrone parkinsonism (EP) show a complex, rapidly progressive, irreversible, and levodopa non-responsive parkinsonian and dystonic syndrome due to manganese intoxication. Eye movements may help to differentiate parkinsonian syndromes providing insights into which brain networks are affected in the underlying disease, but they have never been systematically studied in EP. Horizontal and vertical eye movements were recorded in 28 EP and compared to 21 Parkinson's disease (PD) patients, and 27 age- and gender-matched healthy subjects using standardized oculomotor tasks with infrared videooculography...
2014: PloS One
Mario Riverol, Cristina Ordóñez, María Collantes, Carla DiCaudo, Iván Peñuelas, Javier Arbizu, Irene Marcilla, María R Luquin
Much controversy exists concerning the effect of levodopa on striatal dopaminergic markers in Parkinson's disease (PD) and its influence on functional neuroimaging. To deal with this issue we studied the impact of neurotoxin 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP) and chronic levodopa administration on striatal (18)F-DOPA uptake (Ki) in an animal model of PD. The levels of several striatal dopaminergic markers and the number of surviving dopaminergic neurons in the substantia nigra (SN) were also assessed...
February 2014: Neurobiology of Disease
R Satpute, V Lomash, M Kaushal, R Bhattacharya
1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP) is a neurotoxin associated with drug abuse and causes permanent symptoms of Parkinson's disease (PD) by destroying dopaminergic neurons in the substantia nigra of the brain. In the present study, the neuroprotective effects of two carboxylic acid compounds, viz. alpha-ketoglutarate (A-KG), a Kreb's cycle intermediate and ethyl pyruvate (EP), a lipid-soluble analogue of pyruvate, were evaluated against MPTP intoxication in mice and compared with madopar (MD; combination of levodopa plus benserazide), a standard drug...
July 2013: Human & Experimental Toxicology
José Luis Arcaya, Carlos Mario Tejeda, Ubalguis Salazar, Ernesto José Silva, Karla Urdaneta, Krystal Varela
Wilson disease is a hereditary disorder caused by mutations of the ATP7B gene, which leads to intoxication with copper as a result of an unbalance of copper homeostasis. The clinical manifestations resulting from this intoxication are related to the affectation of liver and the encephalon in most cases. Several animal models are currently available for the study of the malady. However, in such models no neurological symptoms are observed, which limits their use for the study of pathogenic effects of this disease on the central nervous system...
March 2013: Investigación Clínica
Scott Ayton, Jessica L George, Paul A Adlard, Ashley I Bush, Robert A Cherny, David I Finkelstein
UNLABELLED: Dopamine depletion in Parkinson's disease (PD) results in bradykinesia and tremor. Therapeutic administration of the dopamine precursor, l-Dopa, alleviates these symptoms but dyskinesia's can manifest with chronic treatment. In the MPTP toxin mouse model of PD, lesion severity is often assessed by the rotarod behavioral assay. Dopamine depletion by MPTP is thought to induce rotarod behavioral decline. Here we surveyed rotarod behavior and striatal dopamine at timed intervals post-MPTP...
May 24, 2013: Neuroscience Letters
Carine Chassain, Guy Bielicki, Carole Carcenac, Anne-Claire Ronsin, Jean-Pierre Renou, Marc Savasta, Franck Durif
Using in vivo ¹H NMR spectroscopy in a mouse model of Parkinson's disease, we previously showed that glutamate concentrations in the dorsal striatum were highest after dopamine denervation associated with an increase in gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) and (Gln) glutamine levels. The aim of this study was to determine whether the changes previously observed in the motor part of the striatum were reproduced in a ventral part of the striatum, the nucleus accumbens (NAc). This study was carried out on controls and 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP)-intoxicated mice...
March 2013: NMR in Biomedicine
Nai-Ching Chen, Chun-Chung Lui, Shu-Hua Huang, Chi-Wei Huang, Chen-Chang Lee, Wen-Neng Chang, Chang-Hung Chen, Yu-Ting Lin, Chiung-Chih Chang
PURPOSE: Pallidoreticular damage was defined by lesions involving both the pallidum and the substantia nigra and was only reported in four cases after CO intoxication. CASE REPORT: We report a patient with initial consciousness disturbances followed by parkinsonian features after carbon monoxide intoxication. The unique features in this patient included primary globus pallidus hemorrhage followed by delayed hemorrhage in pallidoreticular topography demonstrated by T1- and T2-weighted imaging...
March 2012: Acta Neurologica Taiwanica
Ayhan Koksal, Sevim Baybas, Vedat Sozmen, Neslihan Sutpideler Koksal, Yavuz Altunkaynak, Ayten Dirican, Belgin Mutluay, Hayriye Kucukoglu, Cahit Keskinkilic
BACKGROUND: Manganese toxicity may lead to a levodopa-resistant akinetic-rigid syndrome. Pathological changes occur mostly in the pallidium and stratium. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We report seven patients with a new form of chronic manganese toxicity due to long-term intravenous use of a solution consisting of ephedrine, acetylsalicylic acid and potassium permanganate as a psycho-stimulant, popularly known as "Russian Cocktail". RESULTS: The age of the patients ranged between 19 and 31 years, and the duration of substance abuse was between nine and 106 months...
March 2012: Neurology India
Éva M Szego, Ellen Gerhardt, Pawel Kermer, Jörg B Schulz
Parkinson's disease (PD) is the most common neurodegenerative movement disorder and is characterized by the loss of dopaminergic neurons from the substantia nigra pars compacta (SNpc). α-synuclein (αsyn) has been linked to the pathophysiology of PD, because of its mutations causing familial PD and its accumulation in brains of patients with familial and sporadic PD. Dopamine (DA) replacement is the most effective therapy for ameliorating the motor symptoms of PD; however, it remains controversial whether DA-replacement boosts regeneration in the dopaminergic system or accelerates disease progression and enhances neuronal loss...
January 2012: Neurobiology of Disease
Kazunobu Norimoto, Kuniaki Kiuchi, Masayuki Morikawa, Yuichiro Inoue, Jun Kosaka, Makoto Inoue, Toshifumi Kishimoto
The present paper reports on a 68-year-old man with a 10-year history of parkinsonism who developed hallucinations and delusions after admission to an intensive care unit for the treatment of organophosphate intoxication. His initial diagnosis was delirium. On the basis of brain computed tomography findings and clinical symptoms, we diagnosed drug-induced psychosis in parkinsonism with multiple cysts in the bilateral striata.
September 2011: Psychogeriatrics: the Official Journal of the Japanese Psychogeriatric Society
J A L Hutter-Saunders, L M Kosloski, J M McMillan, N Yotam, T Rinat, R L Mosley, H E Gendelman
The therapeutic potential of BL-1023, a chemical combination of L-3,4-dihydroxyphenylalanine (L-DOPA) and gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA), was investigated in 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP) intoxicated mice. Such animals exhibit nigrostriatal degeneration, characteristic of human Parkinson's disease. Drug was administered during and after the development of MPTP-induced nigrostriatal lesions followed by measures of motor function and behavior, surviving nigrostriatal dopaminergic neurons and termini, and striatal dopamine levels...
April 28, 2011: Neuroscience
Bai-Yun Zeng, Mahmoud M Iravani, Michael J Jackson, Sarah Rose, André Parent, Peter Jenner
Hyperinnervation of the striatum by serotoninergic (5-HT) terminals occurs after destruction of the dopaminergic nigro-striatal pathway. Recent studies have suggested that non-physiological release of dopamine (DA) formed from levodopa in these serotoninergic terminals underlies abnormal involuntary movement (AIMs) induction in 6-OHDA lesioned rats. In the present study, we used tryptophan hydroxylase (TPH) immunohistochemistry to determine whether 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine hydrochloride (MPTP) treatment and the induction of dyskinesia by levodopa alter the morphology of 5-HT fibres in the striatum of common marmosets...
December 2010: Neurobiology of Disease
Carine Chassain, Guy Bielicki, Cécile Keller, Jean-Pierre Renou, Franck Durif
We used in vivo proton ((1)H) Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy (MRS) to measure the levels of the main excitatory amino acid, glutamate (Glu) and also glutamine (Gln) and GABA in the striatum and cerebral cortex in the MPTP-intoxicated mouse, a model of dopaminergic denervation, before and after dopamine (DA) replacement. The study was performed at 9.4T on control mice (n = 8) and MPTP-intoxicated mice (n = 8). In vivo spectra were acquired in a voxel (8 microL) centered in the striatum, and in the cortex (4...
July 2010: NMR in Biomedicine
David M Thomas, Dina M Francescutti-Verbeem, Donald M Kuhn
Methamphetamine (METH) is a neurotoxic drug of abuse that damages the dopamine (DA) neuronal system in a highly delimited manner. The brain structure most affected by METH is the caudate-putamen (CPu) where long-term DA depletion and microglial activation are most evident. Even damage within the CPu is remarkably heterogenous with lateral and ventral aspects showing the greatest deficits. The nucleus accumbens (NAc) is largely spared of the damage that accompanies binge METH intoxication. Increases in cytoplasmic DA produced by reserpine, L-DOPA or clorgyline prior to METH uncover damage in the NAc as evidenced by microglial activation and depletion of DA, tyrosine hydroxylase (TH), and the DA transporter...
June 2009: Journal of Neurochemistry
Jeppe Kirchhoff, Arne Mørk, Lise T Brennum, Thomas N Sager
Intoxication induced by MPTP (1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine) in mice results in a significant loss of nigrostriatal dopamine (DA) neurons. This is accompanied by a change in behavioural phenotype that can be reversed by L-DOPA (3,4-dihydroxy-L-phenylalanine) treatment. Here, we examined the extracellular levels of DA, behavioural deficits and the response to L-DOPA treatment in severely intoxicated mice. The MPTP intoxication produced more than a 90% reduction in tissue DA and a 65% decline in extracellular DA levels...
March 25, 2009: Neuroreport
Aurelio Campos-Romo, Rafael Ojeda-Flores, Pablo Moreno-Briseño, Juan Fernandez-Ruiz
Parkinson's disease (PD) is a progressive neurodegenerative disorder. An experimental model of this disease is produced in nonhuman primates by the administration of the neurotoxin 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP). In this work, we put forward a new quantitative evaluation method that uses video recordings to measure the displacement, gate, gross and fine motor performance of freely moving subjects. Four Vervet monkeys (Cercopithecus aethiops) were trained in a behavioral observation hallway while being recorded with digital video cameras from four different angles...
March 15, 2009: Journal of Neuroscience Methods
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