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post hemorrhagic hydrocephalus

Terushige Toyooka, Hiroshi Kageyama, Nobusuke Tsuzuki, Shoichiro Ishihara, Kazunari Oka
BACKGROUND: Conventionally, patients suffering a massive intraventricular hemorrhage have undergone external ventricular drainage. However, long-term or repeated drainage increases the risk of complications due to infections or shunt dependency. Neuroendoscopic surgery may offer some advantages over more conventional procedures. METHODS: Thirteen patients suffering intraventricular hematoma associated with intracerebral hemorrhage, treated in our hospital between April 2011 and March 2014, were reviewed retrospectively...
2016: Acta Neurochirurgica. Supplement
Hadie Adams, Vin Shen Ban, Ville Leinonen, Salah G Aoun, Jukka Huttunen, Taavi Saavalainen, Antti Lindgren, Juhana Frosen, Mikael Fraunberg, Timo Koivisto, Juha Hernesniemi, Babu G Welch, Juha E Jaaskelainen, Terhi J Huttunen
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Shunt dependent hydrocephalus after aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (aSAH) is a common sequela that may lead to poor neurological outcome and predisposes to various interventions, admissions, and complications. We reviewed post-aSAH shunt dependency in a population-based sample and tested the feasibility of a clinical risk score to identify subgroups of aSAH patients with increasing risk of shunting for hydrocephalus. METHODS: A total of 1533 aSAH patients from the population-based Eastern Finland Saccular Intracranial Aneurysm Database (Kuopio, Finland) were used in a recursive partitioning analysis to identify risk factors for shunting after aSAH...
October 2016: Stroke; a Journal of Cerebral Circulation
Akihito Kato, Hiroyuki Morishima, Goro Nagashima
<i>Background</i>:Sinking skin flap syndrome(SSFS)manifests as subjective symptoms, such as headache, dizziness, and undue fatigability, in addition to neurologic symptoms, such as hemiplegia, aphasia, and perceived failure, when the skin over a bone defect sinks in the weeks or months following a decompressive craniectomy. Indeed, these symptoms can improve after a cranioplasty. <i>Case presentation</i>:A 58-year-old woman presented with a disturbance of consciousness. She was found to have a subarachnoid hemorrhage due to a ruptured right middle cerebral artery aneurysm...
September 2016: No Shinkei Geka. Neurological Surgery
David Ley, Olga Romantsik, Suvi Vallius, Kristbjörg Sveinsdóttir, Snjolaug Sveinsdóttir, Alex A Agyemang, Maria Baumgarten, Matthias Mörgelin, Nataliya Lutay, Matteo Bruschettini, Bo Holmqvist, Magnus Gram
Severe cerebral intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH) in preterm infants continues to be a major clinical problem, occurring in about 15-20% of very preterm infants. In contrast to other brain lesions the incidence of IVH has not been reduced over the last decade, but actually slightly increased. Currently over 50% of surviving infants develop post-hemorrhagic ventricular dilatation and about 35% develop severe neurological impairment, mainly cerebral palsy and intellectual disability. To date there is no therapy available to prevent infants from developing either hydrocephalus or serious neurological disability...
2016: Frontiers in Physiology
Hiroyuki Sato, Takayuki Koizumi, Daisuke Sato, Shin Endo, Syunichi Kato
The patient, a 79-year-old man, experienced a Hunt & Kosnik grade IV subarachnoid hemorrhage, presenting with sudden-onset coma and severe left hemiplegia. We performed cranial clipping surgery for a ruptured aneurysm on the right middle cerebral artery the same day. Post-operative recovery proceeded smoothly, with gradual improvements in disturbed consciousness and left hemiplegia. Three weeks post-operation, CT revealed low-density areas in the right frontal and temporal lobe, believed to be due to subarachnoid hemorrhage, as well as hydrocephaly...
June 2016: No Shinkei Geka. Neurological Surgery
Margarita V Panova, Ina E Geneva, Kalina I Madjarova, Miroslava N Bosheva
Hearing loss is a common manifestation of the long-term complications in patients with shunt treated hydrocephalus along with motor development disturbance, cognitive and visual impairment, epilepsy and endocrine disorders. The aim of the present study was to investigate the alterations of hearing in patients with shunt treated hydrocephalus of non-tumor etiology and at least one year after implantation of ventriculo-peritoneal shunt, as well as their impact on the quality of life of patients. The study included 70 patients (age range 1...
July 2015: Folia Medica
Ross C Puffer, Christopher Graffeo, Alejandro Rabinstein, Jamie J Van Gompel
OBJECTIVE: Cerebellar stroke causes major morbidity in the aging population. Guidelines from the American Stroke Association recommend emergent decompression in patients who have brainstem compression, hydrocephalus, or clinical deterioration. The objective of this study was to determine 30-day and 1-year mortality rates in patients >60 years old undergoing emergent posterior fossa decompression. METHODS: Surgical records identified all patients >60 years old who underwent emergent posterior fossa decompression...
August 2016: World Neurosurgery
Chae Wook Huh, Kyoung Hyup Nam, Chang Hwa Choi, Jae Il Lee
This case report describes a traumatic pseudoaneurysm arising from the right V4 segment of the vertebral artery, near the origin of the posterior inferior cerebellar artery. Post-traumatic vertebral artery pseudoaneurysm is rare, but associated with a high mortality rate. We report on an extremely rare case of post-traumatic pseudoaneurysm of the vertebral artery with delayed manifestation. A 9-year-old child was admitted to the emergency room after a pedestrian car accident. A computed tomography (CT) scan showed subarachnoid hemorrhage with intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH), multiple facial bones, and temporal bone fracture...
October 2015: Korean Journal of Neurotrauma
Jorge Arroyo-Palacios, Maryna Rudz, Richard Fidler, Wade Smith, Nerissa Ko, Soojin Park, Yong Bai, Xiao Hu
BACKGROUND: External ventricular drains (EVD) are widely used to manage intracranial pressure (ICP) and hydrocephalus for aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (aSAH) patients. After days of use, a decision is made to remove the EVD or replace it with a shunt, involving EVD weaning and CT imaging to observe ventricular size and clinical status. This practice may lead to prolonged hospital stay, extra radiation exposure, and neurological insult due to ICP elevation. This study aims to apply a validated morphological clustering analysis of ICP pulse (MOCAIP) algorithm to detect signatures from the pulse waveform to differentiate an intact CSF circulatory system from an abnormal one during EVD weaning...
April 22, 2016: Neurocritical Care
Karen M Chisholm, Amy Heerema-McKenney, Lu Tian, Anand K Rajani, Suchi Saria, Daphne Koller, Anna A Penn
INTRODUCTION: A major goal of neonatal medicine is to identify neonates at highest risk for morbidity and mortality. Previously, we developed PhysiScore (Saria et al., 2010), a novel tool for preterm morbidity risk prediction. We now further define links between overall individual morbidity risk, specific neonatal morbidities, and placental pathologies. METHODS: 102 placentas, including 38 from multiple gestations, were available from the previously defined PhysiScore cohort (gestational age ≤ 34 weeks and birth weight ≤ 2000 g)...
March 2016: Placenta
E V Protsenko, M E Vasil'eva, L P Peretyatko
AIM: to study reelin expression in the neocortex of fetuses and newborns with internal hydrocephalus (HC) and to reveal its features in relation to the etiology of HC. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The brains of fetuses and newborn at 22-40 weeks' gestation with internal HC associated with Sylvian aqueduct malformation (n=9), post-inflammatory (n=4) and post-hemorrhagic (n=5) HC were examined. In a comparison group, the fragments of brain tissue with a slit-like lumen of the lateral ventricles were no more than 0...
January 2016: Arkhiv Patologii
Nikhilkumar J Modi, Manish Agrawal, Virendra Deo Sinha
Head injury has been the leading cause of death and disability in people younger than 40 years and the incidence is rising continuously. Anticipation of the pathological consequences of post-traumatic subarachnoid hemorrhage (tSAH) and an outcome-oriented management are very important in these cases. To encounter the complications pertaining to traumatic brain injury (TBI) and tSAH, various classifications have been proposed and goal-oriented screening strategies have been offered. The role of serial computed tomography (CT) scans, perfusion studies, transcranial Doppler, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and angiographic studies as diagnostic tools, has been described...
March 2016: Neurology India
G Klinger, M Osovsky, V Boyko, N Sokolover, L Sirota, L Lerner-Geva, B Reichman
OBJECTIVE: Post-hemorrhagic hydrocephalus (PHH) is associated with morbidity and mortality among very low birth weight (VLBW) infants. This study aimed to determine risk factors for PHH among VLBW infants with peri-intraventricular hemorrhage (PIVH). STUDY DESIGN: This is a population-based cohort of VLBW infants of 24 to 28 weeks gestation, born in Israel from 1995 to 2012. Infants in whom a brain ultrasound was not performed before 28 days or with major congenital malformations were excluded...
July 2016: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
Charu Venkatesan
Investigators from the Department of Pediatric Neurology, Morinomiya Hospital, Osaka, Japan performed a retrospective IRB approved study of the prevalence of cerebellar injury (CI) and effect on functional outcomes among preterm children with intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH) and cerebral palsy (CP), comparing them to infants with post-hemorrhagic hydrocephalus (PH).
February 2015: Pediatric neurology briefs
Christian von der Brelie, Ullrich Meier, Alexander Gräwe, Johannes Lemcke
BACKGROUND: Sophisticated shunt valves provide the possibility of pressure adjustment and antisiphon control but have a higher probability of valve dysfunction especially in a posthemorrhagic setting. The aim of the present study is to analyze the clinical outcome of patients with shunt dependent posthemorrhagic hydrocephalus after aneurysmatic subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) in order to identify patients who would benefit from a simple differential pressure valve. METHODS: From 2000 to 2013, 547 patients with aneurysmatic SAH were treated at our institution, 114 underwent ventricular shunt placement (21...
January 2016: Journal of Neurosciences in Rural Practice
Thomas P Garton, Yangdong He, Hugh J L Garton, Richard F Keep, Guohua Xi, Jennifer M Strahle
Neuronal degeneration following neonatal intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH) is incompletely understood. Understanding the mechanisms of degeneration and cell loss may point toward specific treatments to limit injury. We evaluated the role of hemoglobin (Hb) in cell death after intraventricular injection in neonatal rats. Hb was injected into the right lateral ventricle of post-natal day 7 rats. Rats exposed to anesthesia were used for controls. The CA-1 region of the hippocampus was analyzed via immunohistochemistry, hematoxylin and eosin (H&E) staining, Fluoro-Jade C staining, Western blots, and double-labeling stains...
March 15, 2016: Brain Research
Ian S Mutchnick, Meena A Thatikunta, William C Gump, Dan L Stewart, Thomas M Moriarty
PURPOSE: Ventriculomegaly in infants with congenital myotonic dystrophy (CDM) is common, and the neurosurgical determination of shunting is complex. The natural history of CDM-associated ventriculomegaly from prenatal to natal to postnatal stages is poorly known. The relationship between macrocephaly and ventriculomegaly, incidence of shunt necessity, and early mortality outcomes lack pooled data analysis. This study aims to review clinical features and pathophysiology of CDM, with emphasis on ventriculomegaly progression, ventriculomegaly association with macrocephaly, and incidence of shunting...
April 2016: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
Jerry J Flores, Damon Klebe, William B Rolland, Tim Lekic, Paul R Krafft, John H Zhang
Germinal matrix hemorrhage remains the leading cause of morbidity and mortality in preterm infants in the United States with little progress made in its clinical management. Survivors are often afflicted with long-term neurological sequelae, including cerebral palsy, mental retardation, hydrocephalus, and psychiatric disorders. Blood clots disrupting normal cerebrospinal fluid circulation and absorption after germinal matrix hemorrhage are thought to be important contributors towards post-hemorrhagic hydrocephalus development...
March 2016: Neurobiology of Disease
Matthew T Bender, Geoffrey P Colby, Judy Huang
Hydrocephalus has varied presentations in patients with a history of spinal dysraphism. This is a unique case of post-subarachnoid hemorrhage hydrocephalus presenting as cauda equina syndrome. We report on a 32-year-old woman with remotely repaired spinal defect who experienced subarachnoid hemorrhage and underwent anterior communicating artery aneurysm clipping. Post-operatively, she developed urinary and fecal incontinence as the sole presenting symptom of communicating post-hemorrhagic hydrocephalus. New neurological deficits in this population can also be attributed to recurrent cord tethering or syrinx, both of which were demonstrated on her lumbar spine MRI, but her incontinence resolved with external ventricular drain placement and cerebrospinal fluid diversion...
April 2016: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
U R Krause-Titz, N Warneke, S Freitag-Wolf, H Barth, H M Mehdorn
After performing a decompressive craniectomy, a cranioplastic surgery is usually warranted. The complications of this reconstructive procedure may differ from the initial operation. The authors of this study report on their experience to define patient-specific and procedural risk factors for possible complications following cranioplasty influencing the outcome (Glasgow Outcome Scale (GOS)), mobility, shunt dependency, and seizures. A retrospective analysis of 263 patients of all ages and both sexes who had undergone cranioplasty after craniectomy for traumatic brain injury (including chronic subdural hematoma), subarachnoidal hemorrhage (including intracerebral hemorrhage), ischemic stroke, and tumor surgery in one single center in 12 years from January 2000 to March 2012 has been carried out...
January 2016: Neurosurgical Review
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