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post hemorrhagic hydrocephalus

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29059837/cranial-ultrasound-based-prediction-of-post-hemorrhagic-hydrocephalus-outcome-in-premature-neonates-with-intraventricular-hemorrhage
#1
Pooneh R Tabrizi, Rawad Obeid, Awais Mansoor, Scott Ensel, Juan J Cerrolaza, Anna Penn, Marius George Linguraru
Premature neonates with intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH) followed by post hemorrhagic hydrocephalus (PHH) are at high risk for brain injury. Cranial ultrasound (CUS) is used for monitoring of premature neonates during the first weeks after birth to identify IVH and follow the progression to PHH. However, the lack of a standardized method for CUS evaluation has led to significant variability in decision making regarding treatment. We propose a quantitative imaging tool for the evaluation of PHH on CUS for premature neonates based on morphological features of the cerebral ventricles...
July 2017: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042922/endoscopy-in-the-treatment-of-slit-ventricle-syndrome
#2
Jiaping Zheng, Guoqiang Chen, Qing Xiao, Yiyang Huang, Yupeng Guo
The present study aimed to investigate the efficacy of endoscopy in the treatment of post-shunt placement for slit ventricle syndrome (SVS). Endoscopic surgery was performed on 18 patients with SVS between October 2004 and December 2012. Sex, age, causes of the hydrocephalus, ventricular size and imaging data were collected and analyzed. All patients were divided into two groups according to ventricular size and underwent endoscopic surgeries, including endoscopic third ventriculostomy (ETV), endoscopic aqueductoplasty and cystocisternostomy...
October 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031644/a-preliminary-evaluation-of-glial-cell-line-derived-neurotrophic-factor-gdnf-levels-in-cerebrospinal-fluid-across-various-gestational-ages-and-clinical-conditions-of-the-neonate
#3
Rahul Rajkumar, Bhavana Bhaya, Divya Mamilla, Theresa Czech, Esther Kisseih, Arun Saini, Nitin Chouthai
BACKGROUND: This study aims to investigate glial cell derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF) levels in newborns' umbilical cord blood and cerebrospinal fluid across various perinatal growth parameters and clinical conditions. METHODS: Cord blood from 20 newborns and 58 residual CSF samples (stored after completion of clinical testing) were collected. GDNF levels were determined using GDNF ELISA kits from R&D Systems in triplicates with appropriate controls to eliminate background...
October 12, 2017: International Journal of Developmental Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28987840/endovascular-treatment-of-ruptured-vertebrobasilar-dissecting-aneurysms-using-flow-diversion-embolization-devices-single-institution-experience
#4
Waldo R Guerrero, Santiago Ortega-Gutierrez, Minako Hayakawa, Colin P Derdeyn, James D Rossen, David Hasan, Edgar A Samaniego
OBJECTIVE: Treatment of ruptured posterior circulation dissecting aneurysms is technically challenging with potentially high morbidity and mortality. We sought to assess the safety and feasibility of using a flow diversion devices (FDD) and a specific acute antiplatelet aggregation protocol in the management of ruptured dissecting aneurysms. METHODS: Subjects with ruptured dissecting aneurysms treated during a three-year period were retrospectively identified from a prospective registry...
October 5, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28973194/shunt-dependent-hydrocephalus-after-aneurysmal-subarachnoid-hemorrhage-predictors-and-long-term-functional-outcomes
#5
Gabriella M Paisan, Dale Ding, Robert M Starke, R Webster Crowley, Kenneth C Liu
BACKGROUND: Although chronic hydrocephalus requiring shunt placement is a known sequela of aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (aSAH), its effect on long-term functional outcomes is incompletely understood. OBJECTIVE: To identify predictors of shunt-dependent hydrocephalus and shunt complications after aSAH and determine the effect of shunt dependence on functional outcomes in aSAH patients. METHODS: We evaluated a database of patients treated for aSAH at a single center from 2000 to 2015...
July 31, 2017: Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28964945/validation-of-a-predictive-scoring-system-for-ventriculoperitoneal-shunt-insertion-after-aneurysmal-subarachnoid-hemorrhage
#6
Raghav Gupta, Luis C Ascanio, Alejandro Enriquez-Marulanda, Christoph J Griessenauer, Anu Chinnadurai, Ray Jhun, Abdulrahman Alturki, Christopher S Ogilvy, Ajith J Thomas, Justin M Moore
BACKGROUND: Hydrocephalus is a frequently encountered complication in the context of aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (aSAH). Here, we performed an external validation of the recently proposed postsubarachnoid shunt scoring (PS3) system, which aims to stratify patients presenting with aSAH based on their relative risk of requiring ventriculoperitoneal (VP) shunt insertion. METHODS: A retrospective review of all patients presenting with aSAH to our institution between July 2007 and December 2016, who underwent computed tomography imaging at the time of hospital admission, was performed...
September 28, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28956308/bedside-transcranial-sonography-monitoring-in-a-patient-with-hydrocephalus-post-subarachnoid-hemorrhage
#7
Ahmed Najjar, André Y Denault, Michel W Bojanowski
BACKGROUND: Development of hydrocephalus can occur after subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). Typically, it is diagnosed with computed tomography, CT, scan. However, transcranial sonography (TCS) can be used particularly in patients with craniotomy which removes the acoustic interference of the skull and allows a closer up visualization of brain structures through the skin. CASE PRESENTATION: We report a 73-year-old woman who was hospitalized for SAH and developed acute hydrocephalus requiring an external ventricular drain (EVD)...
September 27, 2017: Critical Ultrasound Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28941226/respiratory-outcomes-after-initial-hospital-discharge-in-children-with-ventricular-shunts-and-bronchopulmonary-dysplasia
#8
Sharon A McGrath-Morrow, Edward S Ahn, Joseph M Collaco
INTRODUCTION: Children born premature who require ventricular shunt placement for post hemorrhagic hydrocephalus are at increased risk for neurodevelopmental delay. We hypothesized that preterm infants with bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) who require ventricular shunt (VS) placement are at additive risk for long-term respiratory morbidities due to their higher likelihood of neurodevelopmental delay. We also hypothesized that children with BPD and ventricular shunts would require frequent shunt revisions during early childhood following initial shunt placement...
October 2017: Pediatric Pulmonology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28881122/traumatic-brain-injury-in-children-under-age-24-months-analysis-of-demographic-data-risk-factors-and-outcomes-of-post-traumatic-seizure
#9
Sang-Youl Yoon, Yeon-Ju Choi, Seong-Hyun Park, Jeong-Hyun Hwang, Sung Kyoo Hwang
OBJECTIVE: Traumatic brain injury (TBI) in children under age 24 months has characteristic features because the brain at this age is rapidly growing and sutures are opened. Moreover, children this age are completely dependent on their parents. We analyzed the demographic data and risk factors for outcomes in TBI patients in this age group to elucidate their clinical characteristics. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the medical records and radiological films of children under 24 months who were admitted to Kyungpook National University Hospital from January 2004 to December 2013 for TBI...
September 2017: Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28831694/increased-plasma-galectin-3-preceding-the-development-of-delayed-cerebral-infarction-and-eventual-poor-outcome-in-non-severe-aneurysmal-subarachnoid-hemorrhage
#10
Hirofumi Nishikawa, Yoshinari Nakatsuka, Masato Shiba, Fumihiro Kawakita, Masashi Fujimoto, Hidenori Suzuki
A matricellular protein galectin-3 is involved in tissue injury and inflammation, but the role of galectin-3 remains unclear in aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). The purpose of this study was to assess whether acute-stage galectin-3 levels were associated with the subsequent development of neurovascular events and outcome after SAH. This study included 83 consecutive patients diagnosed with aneurysmal SAH of resuscitated World Federation of Neurological Surgeons (WFNS) grades 1-3. Plasma galectin-3 levels were once measured on days 1-3 (the day after clipping or coiling)...
August 22, 2017: Translational Stroke Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28744710/outcome-of-extreme-preterm-babies-treated-with-ventriculo-peritoneal-shunt-for-post-hemorrhagic-hydrocephalus
#11
REVIEW
B Vishnu Bhat, Nivedita Mondal
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28652120/predictors-of-shunt-dependent-hydrocephalus-after-aneurysmal-subarachnoid-hemorrhage-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#12
Zhiyi Xie, Xin Hu, Xin Zan, Sen Lin, Hao Li, Chao You
BACKGROUND: Hydrocephalus is a well-recognized complication after aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (aSAH). This study aimed to identify predictors for shunt-dependent hydrocephalus (SDHC) after aSAH via a systematic review and meta-analysis. METHODS: A systematic search was conducted using the Embase, MEDLINE, and Web of Science databases for studies pertaining to aSAH and SDHC. Risk factors were assessed by meta-analysis when they were reported by at least 2 studies...
October 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609751/aneurysmal-subarachnoid-hemorrhage-lead-to-systemic-upregulation-of-il-23-il-17-inflammatory-axis
#13
Shafqat Rasul Chaudhry, Erdem Güresir, Hartmut Vatter, Thomas M Kinfe, Dirk Dietrich, Alf Lamprecht, Sajjad Muhammad
IL-23 and IL-17 are pro-inflammatory cytokines. IL-23 is secreted by activated macrophages and dendritic cells, while IL-17 by Th17 cells. Serum IL-23 and IL-17 are known to be elevated in numerous inflammatory diseases including neurodegenerative diseases. The role of serum IL-23 and IL-17 in aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (aSAH) has still not been investigated. The present work investigates the serum IL-23 and IL-17 levels and their association with post hemorrhagic complications and clinical outcome in patients with aSAH...
June 10, 2017: Cytokine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28559078/risk-factors-for-ventriculoperitoneal-shunt-dependency-in-patients-with-spontaneous-cerebellar-hemorrhage
#14
Shih-Yuan Hsu, Hsin-Huan Chang, Fu-Yuan Shih, Yu-Jun Lin, Wei-Che Lin, Ben-Chung Cheng, Yu-Jih Su, Chia-Te Kung, Yu-Ni Ho, Nai-Wen Tsai, Cheng-Hsien Lu, Hung-Chen Wang
BACKGROUND: Hydrocephalus is a common complication after spontaneous cerebellar hemorrhage (CH). This study focused on predicting ventriculoperitorneal (VP) shunt dependency in patients with spontaneous CH. METHODS: Ninety-nine patients with spontaneous CH were evaluated in this retrospective study. A comparison between patients with and those without VP shunt dependency during hospitalization was made. RESULTS: VP shunt-dependent hydrocephalus developed in 19...
September 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542663/-periorbital-pallor-post-application-of-mydriatic-in-infants-with-hydrocephalus-associated-to-systemic-effects
#15
Jorge Luis Alvarado Socarras, Sandra Consuelo Rodríguez
Adequate pupil dilation is needed to evaluate some neonates at risk of developing illness during this stage. However, this procedure is not free of adverse effects, either local or systemic. One of these complications is the local vasoconstriction of the preterm baby’s skin following the application of mydriatic eye drops. OBJECTIVE: To describe secondary local and systemic complications of pharmacological pupil dilation in 2 newborns. Clinical case 1: Full term baby with diagnosis of low-birth weight and hydrocephalia...
April 2017: Revista Chilena de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520943/risk-assessment-of-hemorrhage-of-posterior-inferior-cerebellar-artery-aneurysms-in-posterior-fossa-arteriovenous-malformations
#16
Alice L Hung, Wuyang Yang, Maria Braileanu, Tomas Garzon-Muvdi, Justin M Caplan, Geoffrey P Colby, Alexander L Coon, Rafael J Tamargo, Judy Huang
BACKGROUND: Posterior fossa arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) are associated with increased risk of rupture and severe consequences from such rupture. The hemorrhagic risk of prenidal aneurysms (anr) on the posterior inferior cerebellar artery (PICA) may exceed that of the AVM in posterior fossa AVMs fed by PICA (PICA-AVM). OBJECTIVE: To characterize the relative risks of aneurysm and AVM hemorrhage in patients with posterior fossa AVMs. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed patients diagnosed with AVM...
May 18, 2017: Operative Neurosurgery (Hagerstown, Md.)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28496010/characteristics-of-delayed-intracerebral-hemorrhage-after-ventriculoperitoneal-shunt-insertion
#17
Weiyi Gong, Li Xu, Peng Yang, Zhengquan Yu, Zhong Wang, Gang Chen, Shiming Zhang, Jiang Wu
BACKGROUND: Delayed intracerebral hemorrhage after ventriculoperitoneal (VP) shunt insertion is rare and has not been well investigated previously. Its characteristics is still unknown. OBJECTIVE: We reported 12 patients with delayed intracerebral hemorrhage after VP shunt to investigate the potential risk factors and the outcome. RESULTS: 12 patients (1.59%) of all the 754 hydrocephalus had delayed intracerebral hemorrhage after VP shunt insertion...
June 27, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28452657/shunting-outcomes-in-posthemorrhagic-hydrocephalus-results-of-a-hydrocephalus-clinical-research-network-prospective-cohort-study
#18
MULTICENTER STUDY
John C Wellons, Chevis N Shannon, Richard Holubkov, Jay Riva-Cambrin, Abhaya V Kulkarni, David D Limbrick, William Whitehead, Samuel Browd, Curtis Rozzelle, Tamara D Simon, Mandeep S Tamber, W Jerry Oakes, James Drake, Thomas G Luerssen, John Kestle
OBJECTIVE Previous Hydrocephalus Clinical Research Network (HCRN) retrospective studies have shown a 15% difference in rates of conversion to permanent shunts with the use of ventriculosubgaleal shunts (VSGSs) versus ventricular reservoirs (VRs) as temporization procedures in the treatment of hydrocephalus due to high-grade intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH) of prematurity. Further research in the same study line revealed a strong influence of center-specific decision-making on shunt outcomes. The primary goal of this prospective study was to standardize decision-making across centers to determine true procedural superiority, if any, of VSGS versus VR as a temporization procedure in high-grade IVH of prematurity...
July 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367615/long-term-neurodevelopmental-and-growth-outcomes-of-premature-infants-born-at-29%C3%A2-week-gestational-age-with-post-hemorrhagic-hydrocephalus-treated-with-ventriculo-peritoneal-shunt
#19
K Diwakar, Walter J Hader, A Soraisham, Harish Amin, Selphee Tang, Kelly Bullivant, Majeeda Kamaluddeen, Abhay Lodha
OBJECTIVE: To compare long-term neurodevelopmental and growth (NDG) outcomes at 3 y corrected gestational age (GA) in premature infants with grade ≥ III intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH) and post-hemorrhagic hydrocephalus who were treated with ventriculo-peritoneal shunt with those who were not treated with shunt. METHODS: In a retrospective cohort study, NDG outcomes were compared between preterm infants of <29 wk GA with IVH treated with shunt (IVHS) and IVH with no shunt (IVHNS)...
September 2017: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343921/cell-growth-of-immortalized-arachnoid-cells-in-the-presence-of-fibroblasts-and-blood-products
#20
Catherine A Miller, Eric A Hansen, Cornelius H Lam
OBJECT: The pathophysiology of non-obstructive hydrocephalus involves alteration in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) pathways. The exact mechanism is unknown, but as arachnoid CSF egress is a major route of CSF removal, damage or alteration to the growth of arachnoid cells may influence the rate of CSF absorption. We investigated the effect of soluble factors secreted by fibroblasts and the presence of blood products on arachnoid cell growth. METHODS: An immortalized arachnoid cell line was developed and cells were grown on semipermeable membranes in a culture chamber...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
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