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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351703/a-wormy-surprise-ercp-for-intrabiliary-drainage-of-a-hydatid-cyst
#1
Shawn L Shah, Ming-Ming Xu, Enad Dawod, Karim Halazun, Reem Z Sharaiha
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 19, 2018: Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351690/the-transcondylar-approach-to-access-symptomatic-arachnoid-cysts-of-the-hypoglossal-canal
#2
Jan-Karl Burkhardt, Christina Bal, Marian Christoph Neidert, Oliver Bozinov
BACKGROUND AND IMPORTANCE: A direct transcondylar approach to treat symptomatic arachnoid cysts of the hypoglossal canal has not yet been described in the literature. CLINICAL PRESENTATION: Here, we present a skull base approach in 2 female patients (68 and 38 yr) with progressive dysphagia, dysarthria, half-sided weakness, and atrophy of the tongue due to an arachnoid cyst of the hypoglossal canal. After patient informed consent, both patients were successfully operated on without complications using a transcondylar approach, and their symptoms improved 3 mo after surgery; in both patients, resection of the cyst was confirmed using magnetic resonance imaging...
February 1, 2018: Operative Neurosurgery (Hagerstown, Md.)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351118/multiple-eyelid-cysts-apocrine-and-eccrine-hidrocystomas-trichilemmal-cyst-and-hybrid-cyst-in-a-patient-with-a-prolactinoma
#3
Lina Ma, Frederick A Jakobiec, Natalie Wolkow, Thaddeus P Dryja, Gary E Borodic
A 53-year-old man presented with smooth-domed, variegated cysts (polycystic disease) of all 4 eyelids, worse on the left side. Some of the cysts were clear, while others were creamy-white colored. In addition, multiple, very fine vesicopapules were noted along the eyelid margins. Histopathologic examination revealed a trichilemmal cyst, several pure apocrine hidrocystomas displaying multiple chambers, a hybrid cyst, and many small eccrine cysts of the deep dermis. The apocrine lesions, including the small ones at the eyelid margins, predominated...
January 18, 2018: Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351066/contamination-of-swimming-pools-and-hot-tubs-biofilms-with-acanthamoeba
#4
Behroz Mahdavi Poor, Abdolhossein Dalimi, Fatemeh Ghafarifar, Fariba Khoshzaban, Jalal Abdolalizadeh
The members of Acanthamoeba genus are ubiquitous amoeba which could be a pathogenic parasite. The amoeba is resistant to the common chlorine concentration that used for disinfecting the swimming pool water. Therefore, the pools can be suitable environments for the survival and multiplication of the amoeba. In this cross sectional study, 10 indoor recreational water centers from different regions of Tabriz city were selected and sampling was done from fixed and floating biofilms of the swimming pools and hot tubs...
March 26, 2018: Acta Parasitologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350664/synovial-cysts-of-the-hip
#5
Andrea Angelini, Gabriele Zanotti, Antonio Berizzi, Guido Staffa, Elio Piccinini, Pietro Ruggieri
BACKGROUND: Synovial cysts of the hip are relatively rare lesions comparing to other joints. Patients are usually asymptomatic, but in some cases symptoms such as pain and/or compression of vessels or nerve could be present. Purpose of the study was to define clinical features and optimal management of synovial cyst of the hip joint through an accurate review of the literature. METHODS: We present three consecutive cases treated with three different therapeutic strategies: surgical excision, wait-and-see and needle aspiration...
January 16, 2018: Acta Bio-medica: Atenei Parmensis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350649/magnetic-resonance-imaging-in-degenerative-disease-of-the-lumbar-spine-fat-saturation-technique-and-contrast-medium
#6
Paola D'Aprile, Michelangelo Nasuto, Alfredo Tarantino, Giuseppe Guglielmi, J Randy Jinkins
PURPOSE: To examine both anterior and posterior elements of the lumbar spine in patients with low back pain using MRI T2-weighted sequences with Fat Saturation (FS) and contrast enhanced T1-weighted sequences with FS. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Two thousand eight hundred and twenty (2820) patients (1628 male, 1192 female, mean age 54) presenting low back pain underwent MRI standard examination (Sagittal T1w TSE and T2w TSE, axial T1 SE) with the addition of sagittal and axial T2w Fat Sat (FS) sequences...
January 19, 2018: Acta Bio-medica: Atenei Parmensis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350404/gastrointestinal-protists-and-helminths-of-habituated-agile-mangabeys-cercocebus-agilis-at-bai-hokou-central-african-republic
#7
Barbora Pafčo, Zuzana Tehlárová, Kateřina Jirků Pomajbíková, Angelique Todd, Hideo Hasegawa, Klára J Petrželková, David Modrý
Infectious diseases including those caused by parasites can be a major threat to the conservation of endangered species. There is thus a great need for studies describing parasite infections of these species in the wild. Here we present data on parasite diversity in an agile mangabey (Cercocebus agilis) group in Bai Hokou, Dzanga-Sangha Protected Areas (DSPA), Central African Republic. We coproscopically analyzed 140 mangabey fecal samples by concentration techniques (flotation and sedimentation). Agile mangabeys hosted a broad diversity of protistan parasites/commensals, namely amoebas (Entamoeba spp...
January 19, 2018: American Journal of Primatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350368/clinical-features-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-traumatic-pulmonary-pseudocysts
#8
Seray Hazer, Umut Perçem Orhan Söylemez
BACKGROUND: Traumatic pulmonary pseudocysts (TPP) are rare complications of blunt chest trauma. The aim of this study is to increase the understanding of this rare entity with imaging and clinical parameters for preventing complications and determining the correct treatment approach by observing 15 cases. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the medical data and thoracic computed tomography scans of 185 patients who underwent examinations in our department after chest trauma between July 2014 and December 2015...
January 2018: Ulusal Travma Ve Acil Cerrahi Dergisi, Turkish Journal of Trauma & Emergency Surgery: TJTES
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350180/genetic-characterization-of-three-mitochondrial-gene-sequences-of-goat-sheep-derived-coenurus-cerebralis-and-cysticercus-tenuicollis-isolates-in-inner-mongolia-china
#9
Yichi Zhang, Wei Zhao, Di Yang, Yuan Tian, Weizhe Zhang, Aiqin Liu
Taenia multiceps and Taenia hydatigena are widely distributed tapeworms of canids. Due to a lack of genetic information on these two parasites in China, in this study we analyzed six coenurus cerebralis and two cysticercus tenuicollis cysts from goats or sheep in Inner Mongolia, northern China by amplifying three mitochondrial genes (cox1, nad4, and cytb). Two haplotypes were obtained at each locus for either of the two Taenia cestode species, with ten nucleotide sequences being novel. The degrees of genetic variations were 1...
2018: Parasite: Journal de la Société Française de Parasitologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349977/-therapeutic-effects-of-internal-drainage-by-expanding-arthroscopic-gastrocnemius-semimembranosus-bursa-and-cyst-wall-resection-for-the-treatment-of-41-patients-with-popliteal-cysts
#10
Li-Chuang Wu, Hai-Bo Zhou, Chao Zhang, Lei Chen, Cai-Long Liu
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the clinical curative effects of internal drainage by expanding arthroscopic gastrocnemius-semimembranosus bursa(GSB) and cyst wall resection for the treatment of popliteal cysts. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of patients from May 2011 to December 2015. Arthroscopic treatment for 41 patients with popliteal fossa cysts, 18 males and 23 females, aged from 34 to 67 years old, averaged 42.6 years old. All the patients had preoperative magnetic resonance imagings to confirm the diagnosis and identify the valvular opening(Gastrocnemius-Semimembranosus bursa, GSB), as well as the associated intra-articular pathology...
April 25, 2017: Zhongguo Gu Shang, China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349971/-intraosseous-lipoma-retrospective-analysis-of-19-patients
#11
Wen Xue, Zeng-Ping Wang, Xiao-Li Guan, Lin Liu, Yao-Wen Qian
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the diagnostic and therapeutic procedures of intraosseous lipoma. METHODS: From June 1986 to January 2016, 19 patients with intraosseous lipoma were treated including 12 males and 7 females, aged from 24 to 76 years, a predilection aged was from 40 to 50 years in 13 cases. Symptoms presented with pain or swelling in 15 patients, the lesions were found incidentally in 3 patients, another case was bone defect lipoma replacement after curettage of bone cyst for 4 years...
March 25, 2017: Zhongguo Gu Shang, China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29348510/genome-and-secretome-analysis-of-pochonia-chlamydosporia-provide-new-insight-into-egg-parasitic-mechanisms
#12
Runmao Lin, Feifei Qin, Baoming Shen, Qianqian Shi, Chichuan Liu, Xi Zhang, Yang Jiao, Jun Lu, Yaoyao Gao, Marta Suarez-Fernandez, Federico Lopez-Moya, Luis Vicente Lopez-Llorca, Gang Wang, Zhenchuan Mao, Jian Ling, Yuhong Yang, Xinyue Cheng, Bingyan Xie
Pochonia chlamydosporia infects eggs and females of economically important plant-parasitic nematodes. The fungal isolates parasitizing different nematodes are genetically distinct. To understand their intraspecific genetic differentiation, parasitic mechanisms, and adaptive evolution, we assembled seven putative chromosomes of P. chlamydosporia strain 170 isolated from root-knot nematode eggs (~44 Mb, including 7.19% of transposable elements) and compared them with the genome of the strain 123 (~41 Mb) isolated from cereal cyst nematode...
January 18, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29347971/detection-and-dissemination-of-toxoplasma-gondii-in-experimentally-infected-calves-a-single-test-does-not-tell-the-whole-story
#13
Alison Burrells, Alessandra Taroda, Marieke Opsteegh, Gereon Schares, Julio Benavides, Cecile Dam-Deisz, Paul M Bartley, Francesca Chianini, Isabella Villena, Joke van der Giessen, Elisabeth A Innes, Frank Katzer
BACKGROUND: Although the detection of Toxoplasma gondii in bovine tissues is rare, beef might be an important source of human infection. The use of molecular techniques, such as magnetic capture qPCR (MC-qPCR), in combination with the gold standard method for isolating the parasite (mouse bioassay), may increase the sensitivity of T. gondii detection in infected cattle. The risk of transmission of the parasite to humans from undercooked/raw beef is not fully known and further knowledge about the predilection sites of T...
January 18, 2018: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345125/naturally-acquired-bovine-besnoitiosis-disease-frequency-risk-and-outcome-in-an-endemically-infected-beef-herd
#14
N S Gollnick, J C Scharr, S Schares, A Bärwald, G Schares, M C Langenmayer
The recent spread of bovine besnoitiosis warrants further epidemiological investigations to improve the knowledge on disease development. Thus, a 4-year longitudinal open cohort study was conducted in the first German cattle herd naturally infected with Besnoitia besnoiti. At seven herd-visits between 2008 and 2012, fourteen breeding bulls (>1.5 years) and 131 females (>1 year) were examined clinically and serologically. In females, clinical and serological prevalences, incidence and remission rates were determined...
January 17, 2018: Transboundary and Emerging Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344814/nutritional-therapy-in-autosomal-dominant-polycystic-kidney-disease
#15
REVIEW
Biagio R Di Iorio, Adamasco Cupisti, Claudia D'Alessandro, Antonio Bellasi, Vincenzo Barbera, Luca Di Lullo
CKD-related nutritional therapy (NT) is a crucial cornerstone of CKD patients' treatment, but the role of NT has not been clearly investigated in autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD). Several clinical studies have focused on new pharmacological approaches to delay cystic disease progression, but there are no data on dietary interventions in ADPKD patients. The aim of this paper is to analyze the evidence from the literature on the impact of five nutritional aspects (water, sodium, phosphorus, protein intake, and net acid load) in CKD-related ADPKD extrapolating-where information is unavailable-from what occurs in CKD non-ADPKD patients Sodium intake restriction could be useful in decreasing the growth rate of cysts...
January 17, 2018: Journal of Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344522/intraductal-papillary-mucinous-neoplasms-of-the-pancreas-strategic-considerations
#16
Vicente Morales-Oyarvide, Zhi Ven Fong, Carlos Fernández-Del Castillo, Andrew L Warshaw
Intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasms (IPMN) are cystic neoplasms with the potential for progression to pancreatic cancer. Recognized by the global medical community just over two decades ago, IPMN have gained great epidemiological and clinical relevance thanks to the widespread use of cross-sectional abdominal imaging, which has led to a surge in the number of incidental pancreatic cysts being diagnosed. As our understanding of this disease has improved, we now know that some IPMN have a very elevated risk of cancer and require surgical resection, while others are low-risk lesions and can be followed...
December 2017: Visceral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343773/mitochondrial-mutations-in-cholestatic-liver-disease-with-biliary-atresia
#17
Hong Koh, Gun-Seok Park, Sun-Mi Shin, Chang Eon Park, Seung Kim, Seok Joo Han, Huy Quang Pham, Jae-Ho Shin, Dong-Woo Lee
Biliary atresia (BA) results in severe bile blockage and is caused by the absence of extrahepatic ducts. Even after successful hepatic portoenterostomy, a considerable number of patients are likely to show progressive deterioration in liver function. Recent studies show that mutations in protein-coding mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) genes and/or mitochondrial genes in nuclear DNA (nDNA) are associated with hepatocellular dysfunction. This observation led us to investigate whether hepatic dysfunctions in BA is genetically associated with mtDNA mutations...
January 17, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343557/dicer1-and-associated-conditions-%C3%A2-identification-of-at-risk-individuals-and-recommended-surveillance-strategies
#18
Kris Ann P Schultz, Gretchen M Williams, Junne Kamihara, Douglas R Stewart, Anne K Harris, Andrew J Bauer, Joyce Turner, Rachana Shah, Katherine Schneider, Kami Wolfe Schneider, Ann Garrity Carr, Laura A Harney, Shari Baldinger, A Lindsay Frazier, Daniel Orbach, Dominik T Schneider, David Malkin, Louis P Dehner, Yoav H Messinger, Ashley Hill
Pathogenic germline DICER1 variants cause a hereditary cancer predisposition syndrome with a variety of manifestations. In addition to conferring increased cancer risks for pleuropulmonary blastoma (PPB) and ovarian sex cord-stromal tumors, particularly Sertoli-Leydig cell tumor, individuals with pathogenic germline DICER1 variants may also develop lung cysts, cystic nephroma, renal sarcoma and Wilms tumor, nodular hyperplasia of the thyroid, nasal chondromesenchymal hamartoma, ciliary body medulloepithelioma, genitourinary embryonal rhabdomyosarcoma and brain tumors including pineoblastoma and pituitary blastoma...
January 17, 2018: Clinical Cancer Research: An Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29342457/the-von-hippel-lindau-gene-is-required-to-maintain-renal-proximal-tubule-and-glomerulus-integrity-in-zebrafish-larvae
#19
Ellen van Rooijen, Glenn van de Hoek, Ive Logister, Henry Ajzenberg, Nine V A M Knoers, Freek van Eeden, Emile E Voest, Stefan Schulte-Merker, Rachel H Giles
BACKGROUND: von Hippel-Lindau (VHL) disease is characterized by the development of benign and malignant tumours in many organ systems, including renal cysts and clear cell renal cell carcinoma. It is not completely understood what underlies the development of renal pathology, and the use of murine Vhl models has been challenging due to limitations in disease conservation. We previously described a zebrafish model bearing inactivating mutations in the orthologue of the human VHL gene. METHODS: We used histopathological and functional assays to investigate the pronephric and glomerular developmental defects in vhl mutant zebrafish, supported by human cell culture assays...
January 17, 2018: Nephron
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29342265/oesophageal-duplication-cyst-mimicking-cardiac-mass
#20
Zuber Ali, Renuka Jain, Rahul Sawlani, A Jamil Tajik
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 12, 2018: European Heart Journal Cardiovascular Imaging
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