keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Thoracic pathology

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911674/cross-sectional-imaging-anatomy-and-pathologic-conditions-affecting-thoracic-nerves
#1
Kristopher W Cummings, Sreevathsan Sridhar, Matthew S Parsons, Cylen Javidan-Nejad, Sanjeev Bhalla
While in many cases they are not directly visualized, awareness of the thoracic nerves and their courses at cross-sectional imaging is important for radiologists. An understanding of the normal function of each nerve is important, as many patients present with neurologic signs and symptoms that can be used to reinforce search patterns for disease and detection of supportive radiologic abnormalities. In the case of primary neoplasms, understanding the expected presence of a nerve in the location of a mass can enhance and improve the accuracy of differential diagnoses...
December 2, 2016: Radiographics: a Review Publication of the Radiological Society of North America, Inc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909242/beneficial-effects-of-rapamycin-in-a-drosophila-model-for-hereditary-spastic-paraplegia
#2
Shiyu Xu, Michael Stern, James A McNew
The locomotor deficits in the hereditary spastic paraplegias (HSPs) reflect degeneration of upper motor neurons, but the mechanisms underlying this neurodegeneration are unknown. We established a Drosophila model for the HSP atlastin (atl), which encodes an ER fusion protein. Here we show that neuronal atl loss causes degeneration of specific thoracic muscles that is preceded by other pathologies including accumulation of aggregates containing poly-ubiquitin (poly-UB), increased generation of reactive oxygen species, and activation of the JNK/Foxo stress response pathway...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Cell Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906938/technical-strategies-and-anatomic-considerations-for-an-extrapedicular-modified-inferior-endplate-access-to-thoracic-and-lumbar-vertebral-bodies
#3
Douglas P Beall, Blake Parsons, Scott Burner
BACKGROUND: Percutaneous access to the vertebral bodies is commonly done via the transpedicular approach for both diagnoses and treatment of spinal pathology. While this approach is effective in most cases, it is difficult in certain situations such as a patient with obstructing hardware from prior surgery. OBJECTIVES: To investigate and illustrate an alternative to the typical percutaneous access to the vertebral body via an extrapedicular approach and to determine the complications associated with this approach...
November 2016: Pain Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904845/cardio-thoracic-surgical-experience-in-gabon
#4
REVIEW
François Ondo N'Dong, Sylvestre Mbamendame, Silvère Ngakani Offobo, Mory Mamadi Kaba, Jean Bernard Mbourou, Charles Diané
Our experience in cardio-thoracic surgery focuses on thoracic activity. The minimum fare for traumatisms, infectious pathology and tumoral pathology requires, for its improvement, the acquisition of a technical platform and of an adequate medical infrastructure, with a rational organisation of the care sequence. Vascular surgery calls for the training of qualified human resources, and the great demand in heart surgery calls upon the public powers for the construction of infrastructures, and the formation of necessary superstructures...
October 2016: Cardiovascular Diagnosis and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904844/cardiothoracic-surgical-experience-in-ghana
#5
REVIEW
Mark Tettey, Martin Tamatey, Frank Edwin
Ghana is one of the few low-to-middle-income countries in sub-Saharan Africa able to consistently sustain a cardiothoracic program with locally trained staff for more than two decades. Cardiothoracic surgery practice in Ghana started in 1964 but faltered from a combination of political and the economic problems. In 1989, Dr. Kwabena Frimpong-Boateng, a Ghanaian cardiothoracic surgeon trained in Hannover, rekindled interest in cardiothoracic surgery and in establishing a National Cardiothoracic Centre. His vision and leadership has brought cardiothoracic surgery practice in Ghana to its current high level...
October 2016: Cardiovascular Diagnosis and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904839/noncardiac-thoracic-surgery-in-abidjan-from-1977-to-2015
#6
Yves Tanauh, Flavien Kendja, Hervé Yangni-Angate, Blaise Demine, Raphaël Ouédé, Maurice Kouacou
BACKGROUND: To report and analyze noncardiac thoracic operations performed at the Cardiology Institute of Abidjan (Institut de Cardiologie d'Abidjan) from 1977 to 2015. METHODS: This is a retrospective and descriptive study covering 39 years, from 1977 to 2015. This study period was divided into three periods of 13 years each: P1 from 1977 to 1989, P2 from 1990 to 2002 and P3 from 2003 to 2015. Medical records of 2014 operated patients were analyzed: 414 patients for P1, 464 patients for P2, 1,136 patients for P3...
October 2016: Cardiovascular Diagnosis and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903477/simultaneous-endovascular-repair-for-thoracic-and-abdominal-aortic-pathologies-early-and-mid-term-results
#7
Yuanyuan Guo, Hongbo Cai, Bin Yang, Hui Jin
OBJECTIVES: To analyse information from a single clinical centre, evaluating early and mid-term results of simultaneous thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR) and endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) for co-existing thoracic and abdominal aortic pathologies. METHODS: From January 2005 to December 2014, 13 patients (8 men, 5 women; mean age, 75.3 years, range, 69-82 years) with concomitant thoracic and abdominal aortic disease (aneurysms, type B dissection, penetrating aortic ulcers) were treated with simultaneous TEVAR and EVAR...
November 26, 2016: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902957/giant-pedunclated-lipoma-of-the-esophagus-a-case-report
#8
Naohiro Taira, Hidenori Kawasaki, Akiko Koja, Tomonori Furugen, Yasuji Oshiro, Eriko Atsumi, Takaharu Ichi, Kazuaki Kushi, Tomofumi Yohena, Tsutomu Kawabata, Masanao Saio, Naoki Yoshimi
INTRODUCTION: Although Esophageal lipoma is extremely rare and pathologically benign, surgical excision of the lipoma is recommended when symptomatic or uncertain biological behavior. In general, some of the esophageal lipoma has a stalk. The pedunclated non-invasive tumor can be removed by stalk ligation, which is either endoscopic or surgical approache. Therefore, the preoperative evaluation is essential. We herein present a case of a huge esophageal lipoma. CASE REPORT: A 82-year-old man, with a wet cough and dyspnea for 6 months, who had the huge mass that almost completely occupied the esophageal lumen, was referred to our institution for the treatment...
November 21, 2016: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900078/video-assisted-thoracoscopic-surgery-for-the-central-bronchogenic-carcinoma-with-invasion-of-the-main-bronchus-and-pulmonary-artery-a-case-report
#9
Jun Wan, Renquan Zhang
Surgical treatment for central bronchogenic carcinoma with invasion of the main bronchus and pulmonary artery often include bronchial anastomosis and pulmonary angioplasty. As a technique, video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) lobectomy has proven to reduce the rate of occurrence of complications, and thereby obtain improved survival rates. In the present case study, its use in treating central bronchogenic carcinoma with invasion of the main bronchus and pulmonary artery is reported. A case study of a 68-year-old man with a history of smoking 15-20 cigarettes per day for 40 years is described, who presented with a cough and hemoptysis...
November 2016: Molecular and Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899779/-two-resected-cases-with-superficial-basaloid-squamous-carcinoma-of-the-esophagus
#10
Mamiko Takii, Masashi Takemura, Nobuaki Kaibe, Tsutomu Ohshima, Syojirou Kikuchi, Mitsuru Sasako
We report 2 resected cases of superficial type basaloid squamous cell carcinoma of the esophagus. Case 1 is a 67-year-old man who underwent endoscopic submucosalresection for superficialel evated type esophagealcancer of the middle thoracic esophagus. Because the pathological diagnosis of the resected specimen was basaloid squamous cell carcinoma invading to the submucosal layer with lymphatic vessel invasion, esophagectomy was indicated. The resected specimens showed no tumor in the esophagus. However, metastasis was diagnosed in the dissected mediastinall ymph nodes...
November 2016: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894942/-masson-s-haemangioma-an-unusual-cause-of-thoracic-compressive-myelopathy
#11
Bikash Ranjan Behera, Rabi Narayan Panda, Sanjib Mishra, Manmath Kumar Dhir
BACKGROUND: Masson's hemangioma is a rare pathological entity, featuring intravascular papillary endothelial hyperplasia. Although benign, this hemangioma grows to form an expansile compressing mass. This lesion is mostly seen in skin and subcutaneous tissue. Occurrence in neuraxis is rare for this pathological entity. Still rarer is the spinal location with only 5 case reports published till date in medical literature. CASE DESCRIPTION: Here we present a 26 year old male with paraplegia due to extradural compression at D4, D5 level...
November 25, 2016: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891270/primary-diffuse-leptomeningeal-gliomatosis-radiological-pathological-features
#12
Ehtasham Ahmad, Mohamed Mohamed, Apostolos Vrettos
We present the case of a 43-year-old lady who presented with headaches, visual impairment, and seizures, progressing rapidly over the course of a few weeks. Extensive workup excluded an inflammatory or infectious cause. Imaging studies revealed diffuse thickening of the leptomeninges and serial CSF analysis showed raised opening pressures and increased protein levels. A diagnostic biopsy of the lower thoracic dura confirmed the diagnosis of primary diffuse leptomeningeal gliomatosis (PDGL). She was managed supportively for her symptoms and unfortunately she passed away a few weeks later...
2016: Case Reports in Neurological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889285/aberrant-left-vertebral-artery-transposition-and-concomitant-carotid-subclavian-bypass-for-treatment-of-acute-intramural-hematoma-with-thoracic-endovascular-aortic-repair
#13
Sheila N Blumberg, Mark A Adelman, Thomas S Maldonado
Aberrant left vertebral artery (LVA) origin off the aortic arch is an uncommon anatomic variant. Treatment of the thoracic aortic pathology that necessitates its coverage has not been described. We present a patient with an acute intramural hematoma with a dominant LVA originating from the aortic arch. A LVA-to-carotid artery transposition with shunt placement, carotid-to-subclavian bypass, and thoracic endovascular aortic repair were performed. The patient recovered uneventfully, without any evidence of stroke...
November 23, 2016: Journal of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878479/total-transthoracic-approach-facilitates-laparoscopic-hepatic-resection-in-patients-with-significant-prior-abdominal-surgery
#14
Suguru Yamashita, Evelyne Loyer, Hyunseon C Kang, Thomas A Aloia, Yun Shin Chun, Reza J Mehran, Cathy Eng, Jeffrey E Lee, Jean-Nicolas Vauthey, Claudius Conrad
BACKGROUND: While the oncologic safety of minimally invasive hepatectomy for colorectal liver metastases (CLM) has been demonstrated, lesions in the postero-superior segments may be challenging.1 (-) 3 For these lesions, a transthoracic approach may be particularly helpful, especially in patients with a hostile/reoperative abdomen or morbid obesity.4 (,) 5 PATIENT: A 43-year-old man with a body mass index of 36.0 who had undergone rectosigmoid resection for primary cancer 5 years ago recurred with a solitary liver metastasis in SVIII...
November 22, 2016: Annals of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867556/recurrent-laryngeal-nerve-lymph-node-dissection-may-not-be-suitable-for-all-early-stage-esophageal-squamous-cell-carcinoma-patients-an-8-year-experience
#15
Shaobin Yu, Jihong Lin, Chenshu Chen, Jiangbo Lin, Ziyang Han, Wenwei Lin, Mingqiang Kang
BACKGROUND: Recurrent laryngeal nerve (RLN) injury is one of the most frequent postoperative complications of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) radical resection. This study aims to develop a novel scoring system to predict recurrent laryngeal nerve lymph node (RLNLN) metastases in early ESCC and explore the indications for precise RLN lymphadenectomy. METHODS: Early stage ESCC patients from 2006 to 2014 were analyzed. Patient and pathologic characteristics were compared between patients with RLNLN metastases and those without...
October 2016: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867117/extramedullar-cavernous-hemangioma-with-intra-and-extradural-growth-and-clinical-symptoms-of-brown-s%C3%A3-quard-syndrome-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#16
Bryndís Baldvinsdóttir, Gígja Erlingsdóttir, Ólafur Kjartansson, Ingvar Hákon Ólafsson
Primary spinal tumors are rare. Symptoms depend on size and location of the tumor. In the current case the patient presented with a rare clinical finding, Brown-Séquard syndrome. The symptoms were caused by an extramedullary tumor compressing on the thoracic spinal cord. Pathologic examination showed cavernous hemangioma, which had growth both intra- and extraduralt. This is an an extremely rare finding and to our knowledge only one case report has been published before were spinal cavernous hemangioma had intra- and extradural growth...
November 17, 2016: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866141/transapical-aortic-stenting-an-initial-case-series
#17
Tamer G Ghazy, Ahmed S Ouda, Ahmed M Mashhour, Manuel Wilbring, Klaus Matschke, Utz W Kappert
AIMS: The standard approach for thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR) is transfemoral; however, calcifications and tortuosity of the access vessels might be so extensive as to increase the operative risk markedly or preclude the procedure. This study evaluates the transapical approach as an alternative route for TEVAR in such patients. METHODS AND RESULTS: From June 2011 to July 2013, the institution's interdisciplinary board for aortic diseases initially denied TEVAR for eight patients with thoracic aortic pathology due to extensive calcification and tortuosity of the distal vessels...
November 20, 2016: EuroIntervention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27847162/patient-specific-computational-fluid-dynamics-assessment-of-aortic-hemodynamics-in-a-spectrum-of-aortic-valve-pathologies
#18
Pouya Youssefi, Alberto Gomez, Taigang He, Lisa Anderson, Nick Bunce, Rajan Sharma, C Alberto Figueroa, Marjan Jahangiri
OBJECTIVES: The complexity of aortic disease is not fully exposed by aortic dimensions alone, and morbidity or mortality can occur before intervention thresholds are met. Patient-specific computational fluid dynamics (CFD) were used to assess the effect of different aortic valve morphologies on velocity profiles, flow patterns, helicity, wall shear stress (WSS), and oscillatory shear index (OSI) in the thoracic aorta. METHODS: A total of 45 subjects were divided into 5 groups: volunteers, aortic regurgitation-tricuspid aortic valve (AR-TAV), aortic stenosis-tricuspid aortic valve (AS-TAV), aortic stenosis-bicuspid aortic valve right-left cusp fusion (BAV[RL]), and aortic stenosis-right-non cusp fusion (AS-BAV[RN])...
September 23, 2016: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27845836/diffuse-pulmonary-lymphangiomatosis-mdct-findings-after-direct-lymphangiography
#19
Xiaoli Sun, Wenbin Shen, Song Xia, Tingguo Wen, Rengui Wang
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to analyze the findings of MDCT performed after direct lymphangiography in patients with diffuse pulmonary lymphangiomatosis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty-three patients (13 male and 10 female patients) diagnosed with diffuse pulmonary lymphangiomatosis on the basis of clinical features and findings from imaging, bronchoscopy, and pathologic analysis were retrospectively evaluated. All patients underwent pulmonary MDCT after direct lymphangiography, surgical operation or open lung biopsy, and histopathologic examination...
November 15, 2016: AJR. American Journal of Roentgenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836291/the-megaaortic-syndrome-progression-of-ascending-aortic-aneurysm-or-a-disease-of-distinct-origin
#20
Ulrike Baranyi, Christian Stern, Birgitta Winter, Adrian Türkcan, Bernhard Scharinger, Marie-Elisabeth Stelzmüller, Thomas Aschacher, Martin Andreas, Marek Ehrlich, Günther Laufer, David Bernhard, Barbara Messner
BACKGROUND: Thoracic aortic aneurysm (TAA) is an often asymptomatic disease with fatal outcome, such as dissection or rupture. The megaaortic syndrome (MAS) is an extensive dilatation of the whole aorta with low incidence but high lethal outcome with unknown pathophysiology so far. METHODS AND RESULTS: We compared aortic tissue of patients with sporadic TAAs and MAS of the ascending aorta with non-aneurysmal control tissues. Specimens of MAS patients showed a significantly reduced thickness of the media but an increased thickness of the intima compared to control tissue and TAAs with moderate dilatation...
October 29, 2016: International Journal of Cardiology
keyword
keyword
115950
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"