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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233804/end-user-and-implementer-experiences-of-mhealth-technologies-for-noncommunicable-chronic-disease-management-in-young-adults-systematic-review
#1
REVIEW
Helen Slater, Jared M Campbell, Jennifer N Stinson, Megan M Burley, Andrew M Briggs
BACKGROUND: Chronic noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) such as asthma, diabetes, cancer, and persistent musculoskeletal pain impose an escalating and unsustainable burden on young people, their families, and society. Exploring how mobile health (mHealth) technologies can support management for young people with NCDs is imperative. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to identify, appraise, and synthesize available qualitative evidence on users' experiences of mHealth technologies for NCD management in young people...
December 12, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202881/modifiable-lifestyle-risk-factors-for-stroke-among-a-high-risk-hypertensive-population-in-greater-kampala-uganda-a-cross-sectional-study
#2
Mark Kaddumukasa, James Kayima, Jane Nakibuuka, Carol Blixen, Elisabeth Welter, Elly Katabira, Martha Sajatovic
OBJECTIVE: To describe the modifiable lifestyle risk factors for stroke among a high risk population for stroke. Africa suffers from rapid population growth, adoption of harmful western diets, and increased prevalence of hypertension and obesity. RESULTS: A total of 440 study participants were screened and 87 individuals with hypertension plus at least one other known stroke risk factor were enrolled. The prevalence of hypertension and diabetes mellitus in the screened population was 19...
December 4, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202423/suicide-and-self-harm-in-nepal-a-scoping-review
#3
REVIEW
Suresh Thapaliya, Pawan Sharma, Kapil Upadhyaya
BACKGROUND: Suicide and self harm behavior has become a major public health issue in recent years in Nepal. This small south Asian country was ranked 7th by suicide rate globally by the 2014 World Health Organization report with an estimated 6,840 suicides annually, or 24.9 suicides per 100,000 people. We decided to explore the epidemiology of suicidal behaviour and self harm, modes of attempt, associated risk factors and trends in specific population. METHODOLOGY: Two researchers independently reviewed 47 studies published in the US National Library of Medicine's PubMed electronic Database and Google Scholar till December 2016...
December 1, 2017: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146122/health-and-wellbeing-of-indigenous-adolescents-in-australia-a-systematic-synthesis-of-population-data
#4
Peter S Azzopardi, Susan M Sawyer, John B Carlin, Louisa Degenhardt, Ngiare Brown, Alex D Brown, George C Patton
BACKGROUND: Indigenous populations have high rates of disease and premature mortality. Most Indigenous communities are young, and adolescence (age 10-24 years) provides great opportunities for population health gain. However, the absence of a comprehensive account of Indigenous adolescents' health has been a barrier to effective policy. We aimed to report a national health profile for Indigenous adolescents in Australia. METHODS: We undertook a systematic synthesis of population data to report the health and wellbeing of Indigenous adolescents in Australia...
November 10, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29077863/seen-through-the-patients-eyes-safety-of-chronic-illness-care
#5
Melissa Desmedt, Mirko Petrovic, Jochen Bergs, Dominique Vandijck, Hubertus Vrijhoef, Johan Hellings, Peter Vermeir, Lieselot Cool, Ezra Dessers
Objective: Due to the increasing burden of chronic diseases, a considerable part of care delivery will continue to shift from secondary to primary care, and home care settings. Despite the growing importance of primary care, concerns about the safety of patients in hospitals have thus far driven most research in the field. Therefore, the present study sought to explore patients' perceptions and experiences of the safety of primary chronic care. Design: An observational, cross-sectional study design was applied...
October 25, 2017: International Journal for Quality in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29063412/epilepsy-knowledge-attitude-and-practice-among-secondary-school-teachers-in-khartoum-state
#6
Mohamed A Elhassan, Amr A Alemairy, Zeinab M Amara, Abdrahman A Hamadelneel, Abbasher H Mohamed, Ahmed A Elaimeri
INTRODUCTION: Epilepsy is a continuing tendency to have seizures, i.e., a convulsion or any transient abnormal event resulting from paroxysmal cerebral neurons discharge, even if the attacks are separated by long intervals. Eighty-nine percent of the global burden of epilepsy is in developing countries. Knowledge about the disease is the cornerstone for its treatment and prevention. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to assess knowledge, attitude, and practice of secondary school teachers toward epilepsy in Khartoum state, Sudan...
October 23, 2017: Neurology and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030324/exploring-the-therapeutic-affordances-of-self-harm-online-support-communities-an-online-survey-of-members
#7
Neil S Coulson, Emma Bullock, Karen Rodham
BACKGROUND: A growing number of online communities have been established to support those who self-harm. However, little is known about the therapeutic affordances arising from engagement with these communities and resulting outcomes. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to explore the presence of therapeutic affordances as reported by members of self-harm online support communities. METHODS: In total, 94 respondents (aged 13-63 years, mean=23...
October 13, 2017: JMIR Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28993303/the-lived-experience-of-being-evaluated-for-organ-donation-focus-groups-with-living-kidney-donors
#8
Camilla S Hanson, Angelique F Ralph, Karine E Manera, John S Gill, John Kanellis, Germaine Wong, Jonathan C Craig, Jeremy R Chapman, Allison Tong
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Comprehensive evaluations are required to safeguard voluntarism and minimize harm to living kidney donors. This process is lengthy, invasive, and emotionally challenging, with up to one fifth of potential donors opting out. We aimed to describe donors' experiences of the evaluation process. DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS, & MEASUREMENTS: We conducted 14 focus groups involving 123 kidney donors who completed donation from three transplant centers (Australia and Canada)...
November 7, 2017: Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: CJASN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28977621/new-national-alcohol-guidelines-in-the-uk-public-awareness-understanding-and-behavioural-intentions
#9
Gillian Rosenberg, Linda Bauld, Lucie Hooper, Penny Buykx, John Holmes, Jyotsna Vohra
Background: Alcohol consumption places a significant burden on the NHS and is an important risk factor for cancer, associated with 12 800 UK cases/year. New alcohol guidelines were published in 2016, taking into account the increasing evidence of the health harms of alcohol. Methods: A survey of the UK drinker population (n = 972) was conducted 1 week before and 1 month after the release of the guidelines to capture drinking habits, guideline awareness and intended behaviour change...
September 18, 2017: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28856382/suicide-in-nepal-a-modified-psychological-autopsy-investigation-from-randomly-selected-police-cases-between-2013-and-2015
#10
Ashley K Hagaman, S Khadka, S Lohani, B Kohrt
PURPOSE: Yearly, 600,000 people complete suicide in low- and middle-income countries, accounting for 75% of the world's burden of suicide mortality. The highest regional rates are in South and East Asia. Nepal has one of the highest suicide rates in the world; however, few investigations exploring patterns surrounding both male and female suicides exist. This study used psychological autopsies to identify common factors, precipitating events, and warning signs in a diverse sample. METHODS: Randomly sampled from 302 police case reports over 24 months, psychological autopsies were conducted for 39 completed suicide cases in one urban and one rural region of Nepal...
August 30, 2017: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799847/the-willingness-of-people-who-inject-drugs-in-boston-to-use-a-supervised-injection-facility
#11
Casey León, Lena Cardoso, Sarah Mackin, Barry Bock, Jessie M Gaeta
BACKGROUND: In Massachusetts, the number of opioid-related deaths has increased 350% since 2000. In the setting of increasing overdose deaths, one potential intervention is supervised injection facilities (SIFs). This study explores willingness of people who inject drugs in Boston to use a SIF and examines factors associated with willingness. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey of a convenience sample of 237 people who inject drugs and utilize Boston's needle exchange program (NEP)...
August 11, 2017: Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776253/adolescent-health-in-the-eastern-mediterranean-region-findings-from-the-global-burden-of-disease-2015-study
#12
Ali H Mokdad
OBJECTIVES: The 22 countries of the East Mediterranean Region (EMR) have large populations of adolescents aged 10-24 years. These adolescents are central to assuring the health, development, and peace of this region. We described their health needs. METHODS: Using data from the Global Burden of Disease Study 2015 (GBD 2015), we report the leading causes of mortality and morbidity for adolescents in the EMR from 1990 to 2015. We also report the prevalence of key health risk behaviors and determinants...
August 3, 2017: International Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776251/intentional-injuries-in-the-eastern-mediterranean-region-1990-2015-findings-from-the-global-burden-of-disease-2015-study
#13
Ali H Mokdad
OBJECTIVES: We used GBD 2015 findings to measure the burden of intentional injuries in the Eastern Mediterranean Region (EMR) between 1990 and 2015. METHODS: The Global Burden of Disease (GBD) study defines intentional injuries as a combination of self-harm (including suicide), interpersonal violence, collective violence (war), and legal intervention. We estimated number of deaths, years of life lost (YLLs), years lived with disability (YLDs), and disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) for each type of intentional injuries...
August 3, 2017: International Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28763451/effectiveness-of-a-stepped-care-intervention-to-prevent-major-depression-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-and-or-coronary-heart-disease-and-subthreshold-depression-a-pragmatic-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial
#14
MULTICENTER STUDY
Alide D Pols, Susan E van Dijk, Judith E Bosmans, Trynke Hoekstra, Harm W J van Marwijk, Maurits W van Tulder, Marcel C Adriaanse
PURPOSE: Given the public health significance of poorly treatable co-morbid major depressive disorders (MDD) among patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM2) and coronary heart disease (CHD), we need to investigate whether strategies to prevent the development of major depression could reduce its burden of disease. We therefore evaluated the effectiveness of a stepped-care program for subthreshold depression in comparison with usual care in patients with DM2 and/or CHD. METHODS: A cluster randomized controlled trial, with 27 primary care centers serving as clusters...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748484/assessing-for-suicidal-behavior-in-youth-using-the-achenbach-system-of-empirically-based-assessment
#15
Anna R Van Meter, Guillermo Perez Algorta, Eric A Youngstrom, Yana Lechtman, Jen K Youngstrom, Norah C Feeny, Robert L Findling
This study investigated the clinical utility of the Achenbach System of Empirically Based Assessment (ASEBA) for identifying youth at risk for suicide. Specifically, we investigated how well the Total Problems scores and the sum of two suicide-related items (#18 "Deliberately harms self or attempts suicide" and #91 "Talks about killing self") were able to distinguish youth with a history of suicidal behavior. Youth (N = 1117) aged 5-18 were recruited for two studies of mental illness. History of suicidal behavior was assessed by semi-structured interviews (K-SADS) with youth and caregivers...
July 26, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675938/self-harm-hospitalised-morbidity-and-mortality-risk-using-a-matched-population-based-cohort-design
#16
Rebecca J Mitchell, Cate M Cameron
OBJECTIVE: Prior and repeated self-harm hospitalisations are common risk factors for suicide. However, few studies have accounted for pre-existing comorbidities and prior hospital use when quantifying the burden of self-harm. The aim is to quantify hospitalisation in the 12 months preceding and re-hospitalisation and mortality risk in the 12 months post a self-harm hospitalisation. METHOD: A population-based matched cohort using linked hospital and mortality data for individuals ⩾18 years from four Australian jurisdictions...
July 1, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28666347/a-contemporary-picture-of-the-burden-of-death-and-disability-in-indian-adolescents-data-from-the-global-burden-of-disease-study
#17
Rohina Joshi, Mohammed Alim, Pallab K Maulik, Robyn Norton
Background: Adolescents (10-19 years old) comprise a fifth of the Indian population (253.2 million), yet there is very little published information about the burden of disease and injury for this age group. This paper aims to provide a contemporary picture of the leading causes of death and disability for Indian adolescent girls and boys for 2013, and changes in deaths and disability between 1990 and 2013. Methods: Data from the Global Burden of Disease (GBD) study for India, for the years 1990 and 2013, were accessed...
June 28, 2017: International Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28658379/mortality-and-years-of-life-lost-by-interpersonal-violence-and-self-harm-in-brazil-and-brazilian-states-analysis-of-the-estimates-of-the-global-burden-of-disease-study-1990-and-2015
#18
Deborah Carvalho Malta, Maria Cecília de Souza Minayo, Adauto Martins Soares, Marta Maria Alves da Silva, Marli de Mesquita Silva Montenegro, Roberto Marini Ladeira, Otaliba Libanio de Morais, Ana Paula Melo, Meghan Mooney, Mohsen Naghavi
Objective: To analyze mortality and years of life lost due to death or disability (disability-adjusted life years - DALYs) for interpersonal violence and self-harm, comparing 1990 and 2015, in Brazil and Federated Units, using estimates produced by the Global Burden of Disease 2015 (GBD 2015). Methods: Secondary data analysis of estimates from the GBD 2015, producing standardized death rates and years of life lost due to death or disability. The main source of death data was the Mortality Information System, submitted to correction of underreporting of deaths and redistribution of garbage codes...
May 2017: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia, Brazilian Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28652712/medication-related-issues-associated-with-adherence-to-long-term-tyrosine-kinase-inhibitors-for-controlling-chronic-myeloid-leukemia-a-qualitative-study
#19
Bee Kim Tan, Seng Beng Tan, Li-Chia Chen, Kian Meng Chang, Siew Siang Chua, Sharmini Balashanker, Habiba Nazeera Begum Kamarul Jaman, Syed Carlo Edmund, Ping Chong Bee
PURPOSE: Poor adherence to tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) could compromise the control of chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) and contributes to poorer survival. Little is known about how medication-related issues affect CML patients' adherence to TKI therapy in Malaysia. This qualitative study aimed to explore these issues. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Individual face-to-face, semistructured interviews were conducted at the hematology outpatient clinics of two medical centers in Malaysia from August 2015 to January 2016...
2017: Patient Preference and Adherence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647744/effectiveness-of-supported-self-help-in-recurrent-depression-a-randomized-controlled-trial-in-primary-care
#20
Karolien E M Biesheuvel-Leliefeld, Sandra M A Dijkstra-Kersten, Digna J F van Schaik, Harm W J van Marwijk, Filip Smit, Henriette E van der Horst, Claudi L H Bockting
BACKGROUND: The burden and economic consequences of depression are high, mostly due to its recurrent nature. Due to current budget and time restraints, a preventive, low- cost, accessible minimal intervention is much needed. In this study, we evaluated the effectiveness of a supported self-help preventive cognitive therapy (S-PCT) added to treatment as usual (TAU) in primary care, compared to TAU alone. METHODS: We conducted a randomized controlled trial among 248 patients with a history of depression, currently in full or partial remission or recovery...
2017: Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics
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