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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333404/relevance-of-prognostic-index-with-%C3%AE-2-microglobulin-for-patients-with-diffuse-large-b-cell-lymphoma-in-the-rituximab-era
#1
Jihoon Kang, Shinkyo Yoon, Cheolwon Suh
Background: The International Prognostic Index (IPI) has been a useful tool for predicting the prognosis of aggressive non-Hodgkin lymphoma in the last 20 years. Herein, we aimed to develop a new prognostic model for diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) in the rituximab era. Methods: Between March 2004 and June 2012, patients with DLBCL treated with rituximab, cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, and prednisolone chemotherapy regimen were identified in the database of the Asan Medical Center (AMC) Lymphoma Registry...
December 2017: Blood Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29314150/role-of-intelligence-quotient-iq-on-anxiety-and-behavior-in-children-with-hearing-and-speech-impairment
#2
Raghavendra M Shetty, Aditi Pashine, Nijo A Jose, Somasundar Mantha
AIM: To assess and compare the role of IQ on anxiety and behavior of children with and without hearing and speech impairment. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 120 children of age group 7-14 years were included in the study, of which control group comprised of 60 normal healthy children and 60 hearing and speech impaired children formed the study group. The study was done in two consecutive sessions. First appointment for Culture Fair Intelligence Test and second appointment for RMS pictorial anxiety score (RMS-PS) and Frankl behavior rating which were assessed during oral prophylaxis...
January 4, 2018: Special Care in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302841/prognostic-value-of-the-glasgow-prognostic-score-for-patients-with-metastatic-renal-cell-carcinoma-treated-by-cytoreductive-nephrectomy
#3
Hironori Fukuda, Toshio Takagi, Tsunenori Kondo, Kazuhiko Yoshida, Satoru Shimizu, Yoji Nagashima, Kazunari Tanabe
BACKGROUND: The aim of the present study was to evaluate the prognostic significance of the Glasgow Prognostic Score (GPS) in metastatic renal cell carcinoma (mRCC) patients treated by cytoreductive nephrectomy (CN), and the accuracy of the GPS as a prognostic factor. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed the data of patients who underwent CN for mRCC between March 1984 and August 2015. In accordance with the GPS criteria, the patients were classified into three groups: GPS 0: C-reactive protein (CRP) ≤ 1...
January 5, 2018: International Journal of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29285042/treatment-patterns-and-outcomes-in-elderly-patients-with-metastatic-breast-cancer-a-multicenter-retrospective-study
#4
Jin Hyun Park, In Sil Choi, Ki Hwan Kim, Jin-Soo Kim, Kyung-Hun Lee, Tae-Yong Kim, Seock-Ah Im, Se Hyun Kim, Yu Jung Kim, Jee Hyun Kim
Purpose: Currently, there is little information regarding optimal treatment for metastatic breast cancer (MBC) in elderly patients. In this retrospective study, we examined a cohort of elderly patients with MBC receiving a range of treatments, in terms of demographic and clinicopathologic characteristics, treatment patterns, and outcomes. Methods: Patients aged 65 years and older, and diagnosed with MBC between 2003 and 2015, were identified from the databases of three academic hospitals in South Korea...
December 2017: Journal of Breast Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284202/pembrolizumab-in-asia-pacific-patients-with-advanced-head-and-neck-squamous-cell-carcinoma-analyses-from-keynote-012
#5
Makoto Tahara, Kei Muro, Yasuhisa Hasegawa, Hyun Cheol Chung, Chia-Chi Lin, Bhumsuk Keam, Kenichi Takahashi, Jonathan D Cheng, Yung-Jue Bang
KEYNOTE-012 was a phase Ib, multicohort study designed to investigate efficacy and safety of pembrolizumab in advanced solid tumors. Results from the subset of patients with recurrent/metastatic head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) from the Asia-Pacific region are reported. Patients with recurrent/metastatic HNSCC, measurable disease (Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors, version 1.1 [RECIST v1.1]), and Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status (ECOG PS) 0-1 were eligible for enrollment in the HNSCC expansion cohort...
December 28, 2017: Cancer Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237083/relationship-between-patient-reported-outcomes-and-clinical-outcomes-in-metastatic-castration-resistant-prostate-cancer-post-hoc-analysis-of-cou-aa-301-and-cou-aa-302
#6
D Cella, S Traina, T Li, K Johnson, K F Ho, A Molina, N D Shore
Background: Patient-reported outcomes (PROs) are used to assess benefit-risk in drug development. The relationship between PROs and clinical outcomes is not well understood. We aimed to elucidate the relationships between changes in PRO measures and clinical outcomes in metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC). Patients and methods: We investigated relationships between changes in self-reported fatigue, pain, functional well-being (FWB), physical well-being (PWB) and prostate cancer-specific symptoms with overall survival (OS) and radiographic progression-free survival (rPFS) after 6 and 12 months of treatment in COU-AA-301 (N = 1195) or COU-AA-302 (N = 1088)...
December 11, 2017: Annals of Oncology: Official Journal of the European Society for Medical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232940/no-benefit-of-hypomethylating-agents-compared-to-supportive-care-for-higher-risk-myelodysplastic-syndrome
#7
Sang Kyun Sohn, Joon Ho Moon, In Hee Lee, Jae Sook Ahn, Hyeoung Joon Kim, Joo Seop Chung, Ho Jin Shin, Sung Woo Park, Won Sik Lee, Sang Min Lee, Hawk Kim, Ho Sup Lee, Yang Soo Kim, Yoon Young Cho, Sung Hwa Bae, Ji Hyun Lee, Sung Hyun Kim, Ik Chan Song, Ji Hyun Kwon, Yoo Jin Lee
Background/Aims: This study evaluated the role of hypomethylating agents (HMA) compared to best supportive care (BSC) for patients with high or very-high (H/VH) risk myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) according to the Revised International Prognostic Scoring System. Methods: A total of 279 H/VH risk MDS patients registered in the Korean MDS Working Party database were retrospectively analyzed. Results: HMA therapy was administered to 205 patients (73...
December 15, 2017: Korean Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228742/pretreatment-nutritional-risk-scores-and-performance-status-are-prognostic-factors-in-esophageal-cancer-patients-treated-with-definitive-chemoradiotherapy
#8
Tao Song, Qiuyan Wan, Wenke Yu, Jianbo Li, Shaohua Lu, Chen Xie, Hongqing Wang, Min Fang
This study evaluated the prognostic effects of nutritional risk scores and performance status (PS) on unresectable locally advanced esophageal cancer (LAEC) patients who were treated with definitive concurrent chemoradiotherapy (dCRT). A total of 202 LAEC patients from four different cancer centers were retrospectively reviewed. Nutritional risk and PS were measured using the Nutritional Risk Screening 2002 (NRS-2002) scores and Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) scales. Outcomes were clinical response rate, overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS)...
November 17, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215098/proxies-of-quality-of-life-in-metastatic-colorectal-cancer-analyses-in-the-recourse-trial
#9
COMMENT
Eric Van Cutsem, Alfredo Falcone, Rocio Garcia-Carbonero, Yoshito Komatsu, Alessandro Pastorino, Marc Peeters, Yasuhiro Shimada, Kentaro Yamazaki, Takayuki Yoshino, Alberto Zaniboni, Nadia Amellal, Akira Kanehisa, Robert Winkler, Lukas Makris, Robert J Mayer, Atsushi Ohtsu, Josep Tabernero
Background: In the pivotal phase III, randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled RECOURSE study, treatment with trifluridine/tipiracil was well tolerated and associated with prolonged progression-free and overall survival in patients with metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC). There was no formal analysis of quality of life (QoL) in RECOURSE. The aim of the present analysis was to assess proxies of QoL during the RECOURSE treatment period, in terms of adverse events (AEs) likely to affect QoL and Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status (ECOG PS)...
2017: ESMO Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29199676/epidermal-growth-factor-receptor-positive-lung-cancer-the-nontrial-scenario
#10
V Noronha, V M Patil, A Joshi, N Tandon, V Sharma, A Ramaswamy, S B More, S Gaud, K Prabhash
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to report the median overall survival (OS) in epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutation-positive patients who were managed out of a clinical trial. METHODS: Nonsmall cell lung cancer patients harboring activating EGFR mutations who were either ineligible or refused participation in a clinical trial were selected for this analysis. The reason for not participating in trial, staging, treatment, and outcome details were obtained from a prospective lung cancer database...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29199675/development-and-validation-of-a-predictive-score-for-identifying-poor-eastern-cooperative-oncology-group-performance-status-performance-status-3-4-advanced-nonsmall-cell-lung-cancer-patients-who-are-likely-to-benefit-from-tyrosine-kinase-inhibitors
#11
A Joshi, A Bhattacharjee, V Noronha, V M Patil, A Karpe, N Kadam, L Solanki, K Prabhash
BACKGROUND: One of the ten advanced lung cancer patients presents with poor eastern cooperative oncology group performance status (ECOG PS). There are no clear guidelines about management of these patients. The benefit of tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKI) in this patient population remains questionable. Hence, in this study, we attempted to develop and validate a predictive score which would predict benefit from oral TKI. METHODS: This was a prospective observational study done at Tata Memorial Hospital, India...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29183294/serum-albumin-level-as-a-potential-marker-for-deciding-chemotherapy-or-best-supportive-care-in-elderly-advanced-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-patients-with-poor-performance-status
#12
Satoshi Ikeda, Hiroshige Yoshioka, Satoshi Ikeo, Mitsunori Morita, Naoyuki Sone, Takashi Niwa, Akihiro Nishiyama, Toshihide Yokoyama, Akimasa Sekine, Takashi Ogura, Tadashi Ishida
BACKGROUND: There have been few data on the chemotherapy in elderly advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients with poor performance status (PS), and usefulness of chemotherapy for such patients remains unclear. The objective of this study was to identify factors that predicted the survival benefit of chemotherapy. METHODS: All consecutive elderly patients (≥75 years) with advanced NSCLC, Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group PS ≥2, EGFR mutation wild type/unknown, and newly diagnosed from January 2009 to December 2012 at a tertiary hospital were retrospectively reviewed...
November 28, 2017: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29181185/prognostic-factors-in-patients-with-skeletal-related-events-at-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-diagnosis
#13
Hiroyuki Tominaga, Takao Setoguchi, Hirofumi Shimada, Satoshi Nagano, Hiromi Sasaki, Yasuhiro Ishidou, Masami Sato, Keiko Mizuno, Hiromasa Inoue, Setsuro Komiya
The aim of the present study was to detect prognostic factors in patients with skeletal-related events (SREs) and bone metastasis at the time of non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) diagnosis. A total of 85 NSCLC patients were retrospectively enrolled, 47 (55.2%) of whom presented with SREs at the time of NSCLC diagnosis. Multivariate logistic regression analysis identified squamous cell carcinoma as a risk factor for SRE. Kaplan-Meier analysis demonstrated that there was no difference in the overall survival between the SRE and no SRE groups...
November 2017: Molecular and Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29180659/cooperative-function-of-fmp30-mdm31-and-mdm32-in-ups1-independent-cardiolipin-accumulation-in-the-yeast-saccharomyces-cerevisiae
#14
Non Miyata, Naoto Goda, Keiji Matsuo, Takeshi Hoketsu, Osamu Kuge
Cardiolipin (CL) is synthesized from phosphatidic acid (PA) through a series of enzymatic reactions occurring at the mitochondrial inner membrane (MIM). Ups1-Mdm35 mediates PA transfer from the mitochondrial outer membrane (MOM) to the MIM in the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Deletion of UPS1 leads to a ~80% decrease in the cellular CL level. However, the CL accumulation in ups1∆ cells is enhanced by the depletion of Ups2, which forms a protein complex with Mdm35 and mediates phosphatidylserine (PS) transfer from the MOM to the MIM for phosphatidylethanolamine (PE) synthesis by a PS decarboxylase, Psd1...
November 27, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29176978/requirement-of-gamma-carboxyglutamic-acid-modification-and-phosphatidylserine-binding-for-the-activation-of-tyro3-axl-and-mertk-receptors-by-growth-arrest-specific-6
#15
Ke Geng, Sushil Kumar, Stanley G Kimani, Vladyslav Kholodovych, Canan Kasikara, Kensaku Mizuno, Oleta Sandiford, Pranela Rameshwar, Sergei V Kotenko, Raymond B Birge
The Tyro3, Axl, and Mertk (TAM) receptors are homologous type I receptor tyrosine kinases that have critical functions in the clearance of apoptotic cells in multicellular organisms. TAMs are activated by their endogenous ligands, growth arrest-specific 6 (Gas6), and protein S (Pros1), that function as bridging molecules between externalized phosphatidylserine (PS) on apoptotic cells and the TAM ectodomains. However, the molecular mechanisms by which Gas6/Pros1 promote TAM activation remains elusive. Using TAM/IFNγR1 reporter cell lines to monitor functional TAM activity, we found that Gas6 activity was exquisitely dependent on vitamin K-mediated γ-carboxylation, whereby replacing vitamin K with anticoagulant warfarin, or by substituting glutamic acid residues involved in PS binding, completely abrogated Gas6 activity as a TAM ligand...
2017: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158696/65plus-open-label-study-of-bevacizumab-in-combination-with-pemetrexed-or-pemetrexed-carboplatin-as-first-line-treatment-of-patients-with-advanced-or-recurrent-nonsquamous-non-small-cell-lung-cancer
#16
Wolfgang Schuette, Claus-Peter Schneider, Walburga Engel-Riedel, Christian Schumann, Martin Kohlhaeufl, Monika Heidi Ursel Serke, Gert Hoeffken, Cornelius Kortsik, Martin Reck
Background: The aim of the study was to investigate in terms of noninferiority the efficacy and safety of a monochemotherapy regimen of pemetrexed plus bevacizumab (BevPem) versus carboplatin/pemetrexed plus bevacizumab (BevCPem) in elderly patients as first-line treatment for advanced metastatic or recurrent nonsquamous non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Materials and methods: 65Plus was a Phase III, randomized, open-label study. In total, 253 patients received BevPem (n=119) or BevCPem (n=134)...
2017: Lung Cancer: Targets and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158079/bone-metastases-as-the-only-metastatic-site-in-patients-with-urothelial-carcinoma-focus-on-a-special-patient-population
#17
Andrea Necchi, Gregory R Pond, Sumanta K Pal, Neeraj Agarwal, Daniel W Bowles, Elizabeth R Plimack, Evan Y Yu, Sylvain Ladoire, Jack Baniel, Simon Crabb, Gunter Niegisch, Sandy Srinivas, Dominik R Berthold, Jonathan E Rosenberg, Thomas Powles, Aristotelis Bamias, Lauren C Harshman, Joaquim Bellmunt, Matthew D Galsky
BACKGROUND: Patients with exclusive bone metastatic spread from urothelial carcinoma (UC) throughout their disease course represent a rare subgroup with unique clinical features. These patients deserved special consideration in a retrospective multicenter study. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Analyses were made from a pool of 1911 patients with a diagnosis of metastatic UC, from 23 centers. Baseline characteristics, access to treatment, and outcomes were analyzed according to metastatic spread...
November 1, 2017: Clinical Genitourinary Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143413/bioinspired-chemical-communication-between-synthetic-nanomotors
#18
Chuanrui Chen, Xiaocong Chang, Hazhir Teymourian, Doris E Ramírez Herrera, Berta Esteban Fernández de Ávila, Xiaolong Lu, Jinxing Li, Sha He, Chengcheng Fang, Yuyan Liang, Fangzhi Mou, Jianguo Guan, Joseph Wang
While chemical communication plays a key role in diverse natural processes, the intelligent chemical communication between synthetic nanomotors remains unexplored. Here we demonstrate the design and operation of bio-inspired synthetic nanomotors capable of chemical communication among themselves that influences their propulsion behavior. The chemical message is sent from a moving 'activator' motor to a nearby 'activated' (receiver) one, and involves release of silver ions from a Janus PS/Ni/Au/Ag 'activator' motor to the 'activated' Janus SiO2/Pt nanomotor...
November 15, 2017: Angewandte Chemie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133190/integrating-geriatric-assessment-in-the-first-line-chemotherapy-treatment-in-older-patients-with-metastatic-colorectal-cancer-results-of-a-prospective-observational-cohort-study-avaplus
#19
Lore Decoster, Cindy Kenis, Benedicte Naessens, Ghislain Houbier, Marc De Man, Guy Lambrecht, Els Monsaert, Veerle Moons, Philippe Vergauwe, Hans Prenen, Eric Van Cutsem, Hans Wildiers
OBJECTIVES: This study aims to investigate the use of chemotherapy with or without bevacizumab in older patients with metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC) in current daily practice and to identify predictive parameters for treatment-related outcomes. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This is a Belgian multi-centre, observational cohort study. Patients≥70years old with mCRC considered suitable for first-line chemotherapy were eligible for inclusion. At baseline geriatric screening and assessment was performed...
November 10, 2017: Journal of Geriatric Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130538/-what-if-this-is-my-chance-to-save-my-life-a-semi-structured-interview-study-on-the-motives-and-experiences-of-esrd-patients-who-engaged-in-public-solicitation-of-a-living-kidney-donor
#20
Mathilde C Pronk, Dorthe Slaats, Willij C Zuidema, Medard T Hilhorst, Frank J M F Dor, Michiel Betjes, Willem Weimar, Jacqueline van de Wetering, Emma K Massey
The increase of patients using public solicitation (PS) to find a living kidney donor has generated a debate about the ethical complexities of PS. To investigate why patients engaged in PS and what they experienced during PS we conducted semi-structured interviews with 20 Dutch end-stage renal disease patients who had publicly solicited a living donor. Transcipts were thematically analyzed. We identified ten themes on patients' considerations preceding PS: cautiousness in discussing living donation within social network; reluctance to accept a kidney from loved ones; rejection/withdrawal of related donor candidates; moral objections to black market organs/paid donation; the ease of social media; encouraged by others; ends justyfying the means; despair and urge to take action; public disclosure of vulnerability; fear of being (perceived to be) selfish...
November 12, 2017: Transplant International: Official Journal of the European Society for Organ Transplantation
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