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Copper iron plant

Laura T Moreno-Moyano, Julien P Bonneau, José T Sánchez-Palacios, Joseph Tohme, Alexander A T Johnson
Biofortification of rice (Oryza sativa L.) with micronutrients is widely recognized as a sustainable strategy to alleviate human iron (Fe) and zinc (Zn) deficiencies in developing countries where rice is the staple food. Constitutive overexpression of the rice nicotianamine synthase (OsNAS) genes has been successfully implemented to increase Fe and Zn concentrations in unpolished and polished rice grain. Intensive research is now needed to couple this high-micronutrient trait with high grain yields. We investigated associations of increased grain Fe and Zn concentrations with agro-morphological traits of backcross twice second filial (BC2F2) transgenic progeny carrying OsNAS1 or OsNAS2 overexpression constructs under indica/japonica and japonica/japonica genetic backgrounds...
2016: Frontiers in Plant Science
Teresa Fresno, Eduardo Moreno-Jiménez, Jesús M Peñalosa
The efficiency of combining iron sulfate and organic amendments (paper mill sludge, olive mill waste compost and olive tree pruning biochar) for the remediation of an As- and Cu-contaminated soil was evaluated. Changes in As and Cu fractionation and solubility due to the application of the amendments was explored by leachate analysis, single and sequential extractions. Also, the effects on Arrhenatherum elatius growth, germination of Lactuca sativa and toxicity to the bacteria Vibrio fischeri were assessed...
December 2016: Chemosphere
Anália Lúcia Vieira Pacheco, Mateus Francisco Pagliarini, Gilberto Bernardo de Freitas, Ricardo Henrique Silva Santos, José Eduardo Serrão, José Cola Zanuncio
The use of organic foods has been increased in the world. Organic fertilizers, like cattle manure, have emerged as an important component of the organic system production. The production, mass, size, and mineral composition of passion fruit pulp were evaluated when treated with a mineral fertilizer (control) (MIN) or cattle manure at a single dose equivalent to potassium fertilizer (ORG) or double dose (2×ORG). The production and the numbers of fruits of plants treated with MIN and 2×ORG was higher than with ORG...
February 15, 2017: Food Chemistry
Nan Feng, Hossein Ghoveisi, Gabriel Bitton, Jean-Claude J Bonzongo
Zero valent iron (ZVI) has been widely tested and used in remediation of both contaminated soils and groundwater, and in general, the in situ amendment of the contaminated media is used as remediation approach. However, concerns remain as to the potential detrimental effects of both the immobilized ZVI and the adsorbed pollutants as the treated system could undergo transformations over time. Accordingly, plans for soil remediation by in situ immobilization of sorbents should include a long-term monitoring of the treated systems...
September 20, 2016: Environmental Pollution
Raviraj Banakar, Ána Alvarez Fernández, Javier Abadía, Teresa Capell, Paul Christou
Many metal transporters in plants are promiscuous, accommodating multiple divalent cations including some which are toxic to humans. Previous attempts to increase the iron (Fe) and zinc (Zn) content of rice endosperm by overexpressing different metal transporters have therefore led unintentionally to the accumulation of copper (Cu), manganese (Mn) and cadmium (Cd). Unlike other metal transporters, barley Yellow Stripe 1 (HvYS1) is specific for Fe. We investigated the mechanistic basis of this preference by constitutively expressing HvYS1 in rice under the control of the maize ubiquitin1 promoter and comparing the mobilization and loading of different metals...
September 16, 2016: Plant Biotechnology Journal
Khurram Bashir, Sultana Rasheed, Takanori Kobayashi, Motoaki Seki, Naoko K Nishizawa
Iron (Fe), zinc (Zn), manganese (Mn), and copper (Cu) are essential micronutrient mineral elements for living organisms, as they regulate essential cellular processes, such as chlorophyll synthesis and photosynthesis (Fe, Cu, and Mn), respiration (Fe and Cu), and transcription (Zn). The storage and distribution of these minerals in various cellular organelles is strictly regulated to ensure optimal metabolic rates. Alteration of the balance in uptake, distribution, and/or storage of these minerals severely impairs cellular metabolism and significantly affects plant growth and development...
2016: Frontiers in Plant Science
Manuel González-Guerrero, Viviana Escudero, Ángela Saéz, Manuel Tejada-Jiménez
Transition metals such as iron, copper, zinc, or molybdenum are essential nutrients for plants. These elements are involved in almost every biological process, including photosynthesis, tolerance to biotic and abiotic stress, or symbiotic nitrogen fixation. However, plants often grow in soils with limiting metallic oligonutrient bioavailability. Consequently, to ensure the proper metal levels, plants have developed a complex metal uptake and distribution system, that not only involves the plant itself, but also its associated microorganisms...
2016: Frontiers in Plant Science
Asad Sarwar Qureshi, M Iftikhar Hussain, Shoaib Ismail, Qaisar Mehmood Khan
Effect of irrigation with treated municipal wastewater on the accumulation of heavy metals in soils and food crops and potential health risks to human via consumption of these food crops are evaluated. The higher concentrations of iron (Fe), copper (Cu), chromium (Cr) and zinc (Zn) were found in lettuce, radish and carrots, respectively. However, trace metal levels in all vegetables were far lower than the food safety criteria of World Health Organization and European Union. Bioaccumulation factors (BAF) for heavy metals in different vegetables showed a trend in the order: Fe > Zn > Cu > Cr...
November 2016: Chemosphere
Laleh Zaheri Abdehvand, Samaneh Soleymani
BACKGROUND: Shallots (wild garlic/Osghordion) with the scientific name of Allium hertifolium, is one of the most famous plants from the Alliaceae family. For a long time, shallots have been used as a source of food and medicine in Iran. The active ingredients of the plant could be referred to agapentagenin, allicin, omega-3, omega-6, and minerals such as potassium, sodium, magnesium, iron, copper, zinc, and manganese. This study was conducted to compare shallots in the traditional and modern medicine in order to make a better use of this precious plant...
May 2016: Iranian Journal of Medical Sciences
Jânio Sousa Santos, Vitor Rafael Alvarenga Brizola, Daniel Granato
Aiming to standardize the experimental protocols to assess the ability to chelate Fe(2+) and Cu(2+) using 96-well microplates, we analyzed Brazilian coffees (n=20) as a study-case in relation to their antioxidant activity using conventional methods (DPPH and FRAP assays) and correlated the results with the total phenolic content (TPC) using bivariate and multivariate statistical approaches. Complementarily, we assessed the repeatability, reproducibility, recovery, and linearity of both methods. Data showed that the proposed assays presented a good repeatability and reproducibility (<7% RSD) and mean recovery values of 96...
January 1, 2017: Food Chemistry
Nenad Stevic, Jelena Korac, Jelena Pavlovic, Miroslav Nikolic
The supplementation of monosilicic acid [Si(OH)4] to the root growing medium is known to protect plants from toxic levels of iron (Fe), copper (Cu) and manganese (Mn), but also to mitigate deficiency of Fe and Mn. However, the physicochemical bases of these alleviating mechanisms are not fully understood. Here we applied low-T electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) spectroscopy to examine the formation of complexes of Si(OH)4 with Mn(2+), Fe(3+), and Cu(2+) in water and in xylem sap of cucumber (Cucumis sativus L...
October 2016: Biometals: An International Journal on the Role of Metal Ions in Biology, Biochemistry, and Medicine
Solomon W Newete, Barend F N Erasmus, Isabel M Weiersbye, Marcus J Byrne
The aim of this study was to investigate the overall root/shoot allocation of metal contaminants, the amount of metal removal by absorption and adsorption within or on the external root surfaces, the dose-response of water hyacinth metal uptake, and phytotoxicity. This was examined in a single-metal tub trial, using arsenic (As), gold (Au), copper (Cu), iron (Fe), mercury (Hg), manganese (Mn), uranium (U), and zinc (Zn). Iron and Mn were also used in low-, medium-, and high-concentration treatments to test their dose effect on water hyacinth's metal uptake...
July 31, 2016: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Michelle Vieira Barrella, Otavio Arruda Heringer, Priscylla Maria Martins Cardoso, Elisangela Flavia Pimentel, Rodrigo Scherer, Dominik Lenz, Denise C Endringer
Obesity has become an international epidemic. To evaluate the level of metals in extracts of plants prescribed as weight loss supplements, different brands containing Camellia sinensis (L.) Kuntze, Citrus aurantium L., Cordia ecalyculata Vell, Ilex paraguariensis A. St.-Hil, Cissus quadrangularis L., Senna alexandrina Mill were purchased in local market, hot acid digested, and analyzed while metal content by inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectrometry, ICP-OES. Quality assurance and quality control tests were carried out in order to monitor and control the reliability of the analytical method...
June 25, 2016: Biological Trace Element Research
Adriana C Velosa, Cláudio A O Nascimento
The presence of antibiotics and their metabolites in natural waters has raised some concern among scientists around the world because it can lead to bacterial resistance and other unknown consequences to mankind and wildlife. Persulfate (PS)-driven oxidation is a new technology that has been used successfully to remediate contaminated sites, but its use to treat wastewater, especially sewage treatment plant (STP) effluent, is still scarce. This paper describes the effect of several persulfate activation methods for degrading sulfathiazole (STZ) in Milli-Q water and in STP effluent...
June 11, 2016: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Yupan Yun, Zifu Li, Yi-Hung Chen, Mayiani Saino, Shikun Cheng, Lei Zheng
Total nitrogen, in which NO3(-) is dominant in the effluent of most wastewater treatment plants, cannot meet the requirements of the Chinese wastewater discharge standard (<15 mg/L), making nitrate (NO3(-)) elimination attract considerable attention. In this study, reductant iron (Fe(0)) and γ-Al2O3 supported palladium-copper bimetallic catalysts (Pd-Cu/γ-Al2O3) were innovatively used for the chemical catalytic reduction of nitrate in wastewater. A series of specific operational conditions (such as mass ratio of Pd:Cu, catalyst amounts, reaction time and pH of solution) were optimized for nitrate reduction in the artificial solution, and then the selected optimal conditions were further applied for investigating the nitrate elimination of secondary effluent of a wastewater treatment plant in Beijing, China...
2016: Water Science and Technology: a Journal of the International Association on Water Pollution Research
Ghassan Ghssein, Catherine Brutesco, Laurent Ouerdane, Clémentine Fojcik, Amélie Izaute, Shuanglong Wang, Christine Hajjar, Ryszard Lobinski, David Lemaire, Pierre Richaud, Romé Voulhoux, Akbar Espaillat, Felipe Cava, David Pignol, Elise Borezée-Durant, Pascal Arnoux
Metal acquisition is a vital microbial process in metal-scarce environments, such as inside a host. Using metabolomic exploration, targeted mutagenesis, and biochemical analysis, we discovered an operon in Staphylococcus aureus that encodes the different functions required for the biosynthesis and trafficking of a broad-spectrum metallophore related to plant nicotianamine (here called staphylopine). The biosynthesis of staphylopine reveals the association of three enzyme activities: a histidine racemase, an enzyme distantly related to nicotianamine synthase, and a staphylopine dehydrogenase belonging to the DUF2338 family...
May 27, 2016: Science
Yury V Ivanov, Alexander V Kartashov, Alexandra I Ivanova, Yury V Savochkin, Vladimir V Kuznetsov
The morphological, physiological, and biochemical parameters of 6-week-old seedlings of Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris L.) were studied under deficiency (1.2 nM) and chronic exposure to copper (0.32, 1, 2.5, 5, and 10 μM CuSO4) in hydroculture. The deposit of copper in the seed allowed the seedlings to develop under copper deficiency without visible disruption of growth. The high sensitivity of Scots pine to the toxic effects of copper was shown, which manifested as a significant inhibition of growth and development...
September 2016: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Yunjia Liu, Longbin Huang
Reprocessing magnetite-rich copper (Cu) tailings prompted a concern about arsenic (As) risks in seepage water and revegetated plants at Ernest Henry Cu Mine (EHM) in North Queensland, Australia, due to the closely coupled relationship between iron (Fe) minerals and As mobility. The magnetite removal alone significantly decreased the content of crystalline Fe minerals and the maximum arsenate (As(V)) sorption capacity of the resultant tailings. A glasshouse experiment with native grass Red Flinders (Iseilema Vaginiflorum) was conducted with the reprocessed (low magnetite (LM)) and original (high magnetite (HM)) tailings, which were amended with 5% sugarcane residue (SR) as a basal treatment in combination with 0, 1 and 5% pine-biochar (BC)...
May 19, 2016: Journal of Environmental Management
F R Mesquita, M I A Silva, A D Corrêa
The bean represents the main source of proteins for the low income populations, although the digestibility of those proteins is relatively low. Consequently, the programs of plant genetic breeding have been working on the search for new lines with higher protein levels. Thus, with the purpose of supplying information to the researchers, in this study, 21 bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) lines were analyzed for the centesimal and mineral composition, protein digestibility, phenolic compounds, and trypsin inhibitor...
2016: Genetics and Molecular Research: GMR
Mohamed Abdulraheem Shaheen, Fathy Saad El-Nakhlawy, Fahd Mosallam Almehmadi, Muhammad Zahid Ihsan, Abdulmohsin Rajeh Al-Shareef
A field study was carried out near Jeddah Industrial Zone to estimate the leaf impairment, physiological disorders, and air pollutant accumulation potential of Ziziphus tree. The experiment was triplicated in RCBD design with factorial arrangement having seasonality as the main plot and washing as subplot treatments along with the control. Accumulation of heavy metals and micronutrients in plant foliage varied significantly under the influence of seasons and washing treatments. The maximum accumulation of cadmium, chromium, nickel, and lead were perceived in summer season while the minimum was observed in winter...
June 2016: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
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