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cranials neuralgias

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29091245/intracranial-epidermoid-lesions-our-experience-of-38-cases
#1
Lal Rehman, Iram Bokhari, Shamim Ul Siddiqi, Veejay Bagga, Muhammad Masood Hussain
BACKGROUND: The clinical outcome following surgical resection of intracranial epidermoid lesions is not well documented. We describe a case series evaluating the clinical presentation and outcome following surgery in patients diagnosed with these lesions. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective study conducted over a 4-year period. RESULTS: A total 38 patients who underwent surgery for intracranial epidermoid lesions were identified. Of these, 20 were supertentorial and 18 were infratentorial lesions...
October 2, 2017: Turkish Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29075903/the-tethered-effect-of-the-arachnoid-in-vago-glossopharyngeal-neuralgia-a-real-associated-alternative-mechanism
#2
Florian Bernard, Philippe Mercier, Marc Sindou
Vago-glossopharyngeal neuralgia (VGPN) is a rarely seen disease when compared to trigeminal neuralgia. When the pain is resistant to medical therapy, microvascular decompression can be performed if a vascular conflict is suspected on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). In addition, arachnoid pathology may play a role in VGPN. We report two cases of VGPN caused by tethered arachnoid, associated with a vascular contact in which pain was reduced by freeing rootlets from arachnoid compression. We report two cases relating to 50-year-old and 30-year-old men with a history of electric shooting pain triggered by swallowing in the right pharyngeal and auricular regions...
October 26, 2017: Acta Neurochirurgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29039156/-vertebrobasilar-artery-dolichoectesia-and-pain-coincidence-or-etiology
#3
Murat Alemdar
Dolichoectesia is described as elongation, widening, and tortuosity of an artery. Most commonly involved vessels are the intracranial vertebral and basilar arteries. Vertebrobasilar artery dolichoectesia is usually asymptomatic. Cerebral ischemia, hemorrhage, or compression findings due to mass effect can be seen in symptomatic patients. Although there are case reports of trigeminal neuralgia due to fifth cranial nerve compression in the literature, to the best of our knowledge, neither hemicranial nor continuous facial pain secondary to vertebrobasilar artery dolichoectesia has been reported previously...
July 2017: Aǧrı: Ağrı (Algoloji) Derneği'nin Yayın Organıdır, the Journal of the Turkish Society of Algology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28974853/a-rare-presentation-of-cranial-polyneuropathy-without-rash-caused-by-varicella-zoster-virus
#4
Mehmet Tecellioglu, Suat Kamisli, Mehmet Fatih Erbay, Ozden Kamisli, Cemal Ozcan
INTRODUCTION: Varicella Zoster Virus (VZV) is associated with many disorders of the central and peripheral nervous systems including neuralgia, meningitis, meningoencephalitis, cerebellitis, vasculopathy, myelopathy, Ramsay-Hunt syndrome, and polyneuritis cranialis. Cranial nerves V, VI, VII, VIII, IX, X, XI, and/or XII may be affected. The neurological disorders caused by VZV usually present with rash, but may rarely present without rash. CASE REPORT: We herein present a case of polyneuritis cranialis without rash caused by VZV affecting cranial nerves VII, VIII, IX, and X...
August 2017: Medical Archives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28948114/microvascular-decompression-for-a-patient-with-a-glossopharyngeal-neuralgia-a-technical-note
#5
Edgar Gerardo Ordónez-Rubiano, Cristian C García-Chingaté, Saney Rodríguez-Vargas, Hernando A Cifuentes-Lobelo, Tito A Perilla-Cepeda
The glossopharyngeal neuralgia (GPN) constitutes approximately 0.2-1.3% of all facial pain syndromes. The GPN is a syndrome of neuropathic pain characterized by paroxysmal pain episodes localized in the posterior tongue, tonsil, throat, or external ear canal. The first-line treatment is pharmacological. Patients who are refractory to medical therapy can be treated surgically with microvascular decompression (MVD) or sectioning the IX nerve and the upper rootlets of the X nerve. We aim to describe the technical nuances of MVD of the IX cranial nerve with a targeted inferior mini-craniotomy in a patient with a neurovascular compression...
July 20, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28840083/nervus-intermedius-neuralgia-treated-with-microvascular-decompression-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#6
Takuro Inoue, Ayako Shima, Hisao Hirai, Fumio Suzuki, Masayuki Matsuda
Nervus intermedius neuralgia is one of the craniofacial neuralgias, which is extremely rare compared with trigeminal or glossopharyngeal neuralgia. Despite its unique symptom, the aetiology remains unclear. We present a case of a surgically treated 36-year-old woman who suffered from paroxysmal stabbing deep-ear pain for over 10 years. Preoperative magnetic resonance imaging demonstrated a vascular loop compressing the root entry zone of the vestibulocochlear nerve between the seventh and eighth cranial nerves, suggesting nervus intermedius neuralgia as a cause of her pain...
July 2017: NMC Case Rep J
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801514/bilateral-painful-tic-convulsif
#7
Valentina Fenech, Julian Cassar, Ludvic Zrinzo, Malcolm Vella
'Painful tic convulsif' (PTC) describes the coexistence of hemifacial spasm and trigeminal neuralgia. In this report, we describe a unique presentation of bilateral PTC in a man with bilateral hemifacial spasm and trigeminal neuralgia secondary to neurovascular conflict of all four cranial nerves. Following failed medical and radiofrequency therapy, microvascular decompression of three of the four involved nerves was performed, where the offending vessels were mobilised and Teflon used to prevent conflict recurrence...
August 11, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799873/-birdlime-technique-using-tachosil-tissue-sealing-sheet-soaked-with-fibrin-glue-for-sutureless-vessel-transposition-in-microvascular-decompression-operative-technique-and-nuances
#8
Naoki Otani, Terushige Toyooka, Kazuya Fujii, Kosuke Kumagai, Satoru Takeuchi, Arata Tomiyama, Yasuaki Nakao, Takuji Yamamoto, Kojiro Wada, Kentaro Mori
OBJECTIVE Microvascular decompression (MVD) is effective for the treatment of trigeminal neuralgia (TN), hemifacial spasm (HFS), and glossopharyngeal neuralgia. The transposition technique is the standard procedure to avoid adhesions and granuloma around the decompression site but is more complex and difficult to perform than the interposition technique. The authors describe a simple and safe MVD transposition procedure they call the "birdlime" technique, which uses a tissue glue-coated collagen sponge soaked with fibrin glue, and the results of this technique...
August 11, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28752360/anatomical-characteristics-of-greater-palatine-foramen-a-novel-point-of-view
#9
Daniele Gibelli, Alessia Borlando, Claudia Dolci, Valentina Pucciarelli, Cristina Cattaneo, Chiarella Sforza
PURPOSE: Anatomy of greater palatine foramen is important for maxillary nerve blocks, haemostatic procedures, and the treatment of neuralgia; although metrical data are available about its collocation, still several aspects need to be explored, such as the influence of the cranium size. METHODS: The position of greater palatine foramen was assessed on 100 skulls through six measurements (distances from intermaxillary suture, posterior palatal border, posterior nasal spine, and incisive foramen; palatal length; relative position on palatal length) and two angles (angles at incisive foramen and greater palatine foramen)...
December 2017: Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy: SRA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713629/abducent-nerve-palsy-after-microballoon-compression-of-the-trigeminal-ganglion-case-report
#10
Cassiano Marchi, Paulo Henrique Pires de Aguiar, Ana Maria Moura, Giovanna Matricardi, Carolina Utsunomya Muniz, Rogério Aires, Flávia Gehrke, Natally Santiago, Samuel Simis
BACKGROUND: Trigeminal neuralgia (TN) is the most common type of facial neuralgia with incidence of 26.8/100,000 person year. In general, this scenario is characterized by a lancinating, unilateral, paroxysmal pain in the area of the fifth cranial nerve. Several treatment methods, including the injection of ethyl alcohol or butyl alcohol into the ganglion, the glycerol injection into the trigeminal cistern, peripheral nerve divisions, the radiofrequency thermocoagulation of the preganglionic fibers, and radiosurgery has been used for TN...
2017: Surgical Neurology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705842/facial-palsy-and-atrial-fibrillation-a-special-case-of-ramsay-hunt-syndrome
#11
Fares Ayoub, Dhruv Mahtta, Roland-Austin Federico, Michael Kaufmann
Ramsay Hunt syndrome (herpes zoster oticus) is a rare complication of latent Varicella Zoster virus infection. It can be complicated by permanent hearing loss, loss of taste and postherpetic neuralgia. Although Ramsay Hunt syndrome most prominently involves the facial nerve, a number of other cranial nerves can be involved such as the vestibulocochlear, glossopharyngeal and the vagus nerve. We report on a case of Ramsay Hunt syndrome with cranial polyneuritis complicated by atrial fibrillation. Vagal involvement as evidenced by physical examination and MRI findings was present in our patient...
July 13, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690947/autoamputation-and-polyneuropathy-in-mixed-connective-tissue-disorder-a-case-report
#12
Syeda Naqvi, Vikash Talib, Razia Aijaz, Zeeshan Ali, Shehroz Bashir, Syed Masroor Ahmad, Shabnam Naveed
Mixed connective tissue disorder (MCTD) is a multisystem disease with overlapping features of other autoimmune diseases, such as systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), myositis, rheumatoid arthritis, and scleroderma. MCTD presents with a distinctive antibody in serum known as U1-ribonucleoprotein (RNP). MCTD is quite rare as compared to other connective tissue disorders like SLE, systemic sclerosis, dermatomyositis, and polymyositis. We describe a case of MCTD in a young Asian female of 30 year old. This case highlights rare co-existence of polyneuropathy and autoamputation in MCTD disorder...
June 5, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634310/-a-case-of-coexistent-glossopharyngeal-neuralgia-and-hemifacial-spasm-successfully-treated-with-transposition-of-the-vertebral-artery
#13
Takashi Fujii, Naoki Otani, Yohei Otsuka, Takashi Matsumoto, Shunsuke Tanoue, Hideaki Ueno, Satoshi Tomura, Arata Tomiyama, Terushige Toyooka, Kojiro Wada, Kentaro Mori
A case of coexistent glossopharyngeal neuralgia and hemifacial spasm was treated by transposition of the vertebral artery. A 60-year-old man was referred to our hospital due to pain in the left posterior part of the tongue that was difficult to control with oral medication at a local hospital. The diagnosis was left glossopharyngeal neuralgia based on the symptoms, imaging findings, and lidocaine test results. Moreover, the patient had left hemifacial spasm. Microvascular decompression was performed, which confirmed that the vertebral artery was compressing the lower cranial nerve and the posterior inferior cerebellar artery was compressing the root exit zone of the facial nerve...
June 2017: No Shinkei Geka. Neurological Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614531/alternative-option-for-osteogenesis-imperfecta-and-trigeminal-neuralgia
#14
Leonardo Gilmone Ruschel, Guilherme José Agnoletto, Sonival Cândido Hunhevicz, Daniel Benzecry de Almeida, Walter Oleschko Arruda
Osteogenesis imperfecta (OI) is a bone disorder that can lead to skull base deformities such as basilar invagination, which can cause compression of cranial nerves, including the trigeminal nerve. Trigeminal neuralgia in such cases remains a challenge, given distorted anatomy and deformities. We present an alternative option, consisting in cannulation of the foramen ovale and classical percutaneous treatment. Percutaneous balloon microcompression was performed in a 28 year-old woman with OI and severe trigeminal neuralgia using computed tomography (CT) and radiographic-guided cannulation of the Gasserian ganglion without neuronavigation or stereotactic devices...
April 2017: Revista da Associação Médica Brasileira
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584677/microvascular-decompression-for-hypoglossal-nerve-palsy-secondary-to-vertebral-artery-compression-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#15
Yasuhiro Kuroi, Shigeru Tani, Hidenori Ohbuchi, Hidetoshi Kasuya
BACKGROUND: Neurovascular-compression syndrome (NCS) is described as a prominent pathological contact between cranial nerves and vessels. Trigeminal neuralgia, hemifacial spasm, and glossopharyngeal neuralgia are typical clinical entities associated with NCS. On the other hand, the hyoglossal nerve is rarely affected by NCS. CASE DESCRIPTION: We present a case of hypoglossal nerve palsy (HNP) secondary to vertebral artery (VA) compression. A 47-year-old man presented to our hospital with a 1-month history of dysarthria and dysphagia...
2017: Surgical Neurology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527060/treatments-of-glossopharyngeal-neuralgia-towards-standard-procedures
#16
Andrea Franzini, Giuseppe Messina, Angelo Franzini, Marcello Marchetti, Paolo Ferroli, Laura Fariselli, Giovanni Broggi
The degree of disability due to glossopharyngeal neuralgia (GN) refractory to conservative treatments justifies surgical procedures as second-line treatments. Since the first description of this facial pain disorders, many surgical options have been described either via a percutaneous or an open surgical way. Actually, when a neurovascular conflict on root entry zone (REZ) or cisternal portion of the ninth and tenth cranial nerves is identified, microvascular decompression (MVD) is the first surgical option to consider...
May 2017: Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512048/combined-hyperactive-dysfunction-syndrome-of-the-cranial-nerves-a-retrospective-systematic-study-of-clinical-characteristics-in-44-patients
#17
Jingwei Cao, Jie Jiao, Zhenhui Du, Wenzhe Xu, Bin Sun, Feng Li, Yuguang Liu
BACKGROUND: Combined hyperactive dysfunction syndrome (HDS) is defined as the combination symptoms arising from overactivity in cranial nerves, specifically, trigeminal neuralgia (TN), hemifacial spasm (HFS), and glossopharyngeal neuralgia (GPN), without an obvious explanatory structural lesion. This study retrospectively analyzes the clinical characteristics of combined HDS treated with microvascular decompression (MVD) in a single institution. METHODS: A total of 1450 patients with HDS were treated with MVD in our department during a 10-year period, among which 44 cases of combined HDS were identified...
August 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484525/invasive-aspergillus-sinusitis-with-orbitocranial-extension
#18
Saleh S Baeesa, Rakan F Bokhari, Khalid B Alghamdi, Hisham B Alem, Jaudah A Al-Maghrabi, Tariq A Madani
CONTEXT: Invasive sinonasal aspergillosis is a silently progressive disease that, left untreated, may invade the adjacent intracranial and intra-orbital compartments incurring serious morbidity. AIM: To evaluate our results of a collaborative surgical management plans for patients with invasive sinonasal aspergillosis with orbitocranial extension. SETTING AND DESIGN: Retrospective study. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between the years 2000 and 2012, 12 patients with Aspergillus sinusitis with orbitocranial extension were treated at our institution...
April 2017: Asian Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434965/trochlear-schwannoma-presenting-with-isolated-trigeminal-neuralgia
#19
Cody L Nesvick, Avital Perry, Christopher S Graffeo, Aditya Raghunathan, Julie E Hammack, Jamie J Van Gompel
BACKGROUND: Schwannomas arising from the cranial nerves controlling extraocular eye movements are very rare and usually present with some degree of diplopia. CASE PRESENTATION: We report a 50-year-old woman who presented with isolated left-sided trigeminal neuralgia of 6 months' duration. Imaging demonstrated a homogeneously enhancing mass in the left ambient cistern, and the patient was brought to the operating room for resection. A retrosigmoid approach was used, and the mass was directly visualized arising from the trochlear nerve and compressing the dorsal root entry zone of the trigeminal nerve...
July 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397136/an-experimental-animal-model-for-percutaneous-procedures-used-in-trigeminal-neuralgia
#20
Johannes Herta, Wei-Te Wang, Romana Höftberger, Sabine Breit, Sibylle Kneissl, Helga Bergmeister, Heber Ferraz-Leite
OBJECT: This study describes an experimental rabbit model that allows the reproduction of percutaneous operations that are used in patients with trigeminal neuralgia (TN). Attention was given to an exact anatomical description of the rabbit's middle cranial fossa as well as the establishment of conditions for a successful procedure. METHODS: Morphometric measurements were taken from 20 rabbit skulls and CT scans. The anatomy of the trigeminal nerve, as well as its surrounding structures, was assessed by bilateral dissection of 13 New Zealand white rabbits (NWR)...
July 2017: Acta Neurochirurgica
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